BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 221 Blythevillfl Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHKVirXE, ARKANSAS, WEDNKSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS End of Korean Talks Looms Dean Threatens to Break Off Parley If No Progress Soon By GEORGE McARTHUR PANMUNJOM (AP) — U. S. envoy Arthur H. Dean threatened today to break off the tottering preliminary Korean peace talks unless progress is made in a reasonable time and meanwhile, the Allied delegation prepared to head home for Christmas. — * "It is apparent that the American delegation will be out of here II » before Dec. 20," one high source j\ f|fO^inQOT Sslc1 - " Our b °. vs are packing." /HUI CdllCll % Communist insistence on Russia •* attending the peace conference as a neutral observer rather than as a voting participant has stalemated negotiations to arrange the peace talks. Dean told the Reds he would not be bullied into accepting Russia as a neutral and warned that he would continue the negotiations reement Still Sought On Acreage Farm Bureau Wants Vote Unanimous CHICAGO (AP) — Farm Bureau leaders from 16 cotton- growing states, after lengthy day and night sessions, failed yesterday to reach unanimous agreement on the size and distribution of the 1954 cotton j acreage allotments. The delegation of 16 voted twice, 12-4. to accept the so-called Eastland-Anderson compromise of 21.315.000 acres plus an additional 79.000 acres for the west. However, the growers had decided earlier that unanimous agreement was mandatory. Voting against the proposal, which was to be presented to the directors of the American Farm Bureau Federation today, were growers from Arkansas. Georgia, South Carolina and Texas. Leaders of the meeting agreed that failure of the group to approve | for a second time a "final" plan the Eastland-Anderson plan opens | handed them yesterday by Dean, the way for all organizations and This proposal would seat Russia only as long as there is a "reasonable chance" of success. He said he had full authority from the n Allied nations he represents to walk out whenever he feels there Is no chance of reaching agreement. Meanwhile, another 30 South Korean war prisoners who refused repatriation unanimously re affirmed their decision to remain under Communist rule. Allied explainers have talked with 220 ROK prisoners without getting a single one to change his mind. Thirty of the 108 remaining to be interviewed will be called up Thursday. 1 When the South Koreans are completed early next week 22 Americans and 1 Briton who stayed with the Communists will appear before Allied explainers One high American officer has predicted that five or six of the Americans will decide to return home. Second Rejection, No apparent progress has been made in the preliminary peace talks since they began Oct. 26. The Reds rejected outright today Marshall: Peace, Honor By ALTON' C. FAY j WASHINGTON (AP) — The; peaceful years and high honors j have come for George C. Mar-j shall, American soldier and j statesman. j Tomorrow, in Oslo. Norway, he j will receive the Nobel Peace Prize for the U. S. foreign aid program which bore his name. Marshall was Secretary of State when he performed the service lhat won the award.. It was one of three jobs to which he was recalled after he thought he had retired from public life as a five- star general with more than 30 years arniy service. He came back first to undertake a special mission lo Chiang Ike's Atomic Power Pool Proposal Is Hailed as Bold Stroke for Peace Kai-shek Later he third Secretary of Defense. Many of tho^e who worked for him in the Pentagon and State Department call him kindly and considerate, but always reserved. Congress' Okay Might Hinge on inspection Pact By JACK BELL WASHINGTON . (AP) — President Eisenhower's proposal for an international sharing of atomic energy knowledge and materials for non-military Three decades as an army officer groups to make suggestions to Congress on the size of the 1054 cotton acreage. The federal government has set next year's cotton acreage at 17,910.448 acres. However, Senators Eastland (D'Miss) and Anderson (D-NM) worked out a proposal to submit to Congress that would increase the acreage to 21,315,000 acres. The 1954 over-all acreage, RS now set, is a substantial reduction from the 26,000,000 acres planted this year. Arguments End On Segregation Supreme Court's Decision May Take Several Months WASHINGTON I-PJ—The Supreme Court hears today the last of the legal arguments it requested for guidance in the momentous deci-j "j s this sion whether segregation of whites: ihousht/ul, and Negroes in public schools violates the Constitution. The justices probably will take several months to reach their con- at the conference and require her to vote with the Communist bloc and to assume full for complying 1 with the terms of a treaty. Dean also suggested inviting neutrals with experience in Korea to attend as nonvoting observers with limited rights to take part in debate. South Korea, which boycotted yesterday's session because of objections to Dean's proposal, was represented again today. Dean said differences had been "aleviated but not solved." The U. s. envoy said he would meet again later this week with ROK President Syngman Rhee. .During a 2^ hour meeting today,, the Communists hurled abuse at Dean and accused former President Harry S. Truman of once saying, "There is no democracy the United States." Dean called Truman "a fine, patriotic American." He said North Korean delegate Ki Sok Bok did not even pick up the Allied proposal from the table after the meeting yesterday. an example of your patient and corteous negotiation?" Dean asked. He said if the Reds' reaction continued the same Gen. Marshall . . . military habits stick . . . shape habit and traits. The older, easier-going Marshall walks and looks like a general, even in a tweed jacket. THE MILITARY have a practice of using: the last name, without responsibility j rank, when speaking., to .individuals | ' of equal or lesser rank. T^ie; ably- ni'e" f p0,';-rn£<;4i_ tj^y persons ivtars'riair^as^^ver^'called by their first names. When he was Army chief of staff and Dwight D. Eisenhower "what is the , . i sense of continuing these talks 9 elusions, write their decision on the | \vhy waste our urns' 3 main issue and — if it is against segregation — on whether and how the federal judiciary may provide for, a period of transition. Attorneys already had spoken their tiiuil words in cases involving Virgini:;, South Carolina and Kansas. The Court turned today to cases from the District of Columbia p.nd Delaware. The Eisenhower administration joined up yesterday with those urging the high court to outlaw segregation, but Virginia, South Carolina and Kansas contended the question of dual school systems was for the legislatures — not the courts — to decide. "You very apparently dont want £°'"' CaI c ° nf <=<'™«," he told ' Mercury for '54 To Be Displayed Here Tomorrow for President Truman, j uses was cheered by many served as the nations j lawmakers today as a bold stroke for peace. But at the same time doubts were voiced that Congress would give its approval for any contributions to a "United Nations atomic agency unless there was advance agreement on foolproof international inspection within participating nations. Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo), a member of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee, said in an interview he doubts the U.N. is in any position to exercise necessary controls over atomic energy information. He said the U.N, certainly couldn't be counted upon to prevent or control atomic warfare. Sen. Knowiand of California. Re' publican floor leader and also a member of the Senate - House atomic committee, said he fears the President's proposal would be workable only if "full safeguards are established to make certain that we are not converting from weapons to power plants while the Soviet Union was busily engaged in stockpiling 1 weapons." I Knowlanri added, however, he j regards ihe President's speech as f a far-reaching proposal. He said j Russia's reaction niT\ demonstrate whethei 01 government is . . bent"" on ag srression when they have built up their atomic capabilities and stockpiles." Calls 'Reds' Hand Similarly, Rep, Arei.ds CR-I11) •prpb-! said the Eisenhower pronosal "pro- ^1($^o2p$'t Rugfe^. ^f'* 1 'porhuiuy- to demonslHte lo tfift world at large the peaceful intentions she has professed BO often." Rep, Durham (D-NCi said he thinks it will be "a long time before Congress will take the responsibility" of authorizing U.S. participation in an international atomic agency. "It will not be easy to convince congress that it is not some form of a foreign giveaway program," said Durham, a member of the atomic energy committee. Another member, Rep. Hinsliaw (R-Calif), commented: "This is an net of great statesmanship and might serve to break the deadlock which seems to have settled over the world. I believe that the committee and Congress would listen to his plans and proposals with the greatest interest and would enact them into law." Former President Hoover declared: "President Eisenhower has made a proposal of great nobility. I pray it may be accepted by all the world." "Great Contribution" Sen. Hickenlooper (.R-Iowa), a member of the atomic energy committee, said at Waterloo/ Iowa, that the speech "may be one of the greatest contributions to the of a free and peaceful FOR THE 'YOUKGSTEKS 1 — Dedicated to those "youngsters" from eight to 80 for whom Christmas wouldn't be the same without Santa Claus was this float in last night's annual Yuletide parade here. The crowd, which refused to cooperate in keeping Main Street clear for the pa- rade, can be seen pressing about this float as it did the others. The Santa Claus float was the result of the combined efforts of the Chamber of Commerce and the Future Farmers of America. (Courier News Photo) Gen. Marshall Arrives In Oslo for Nobel Prize OSLO, Norv/ayW—Gen. George C. Marshall, winner of the 1953 Nobel peace prize, arrived from Paris today by plane. The five-star American general, who gave his name to the Marshall plan designed to help war-shattered European countries restore their economies, will receive the award at special ceremonies here tomorrow. 76,000 Brave Rain to See lYule Parade An estimated crowd of 16,000 people braved threatening rain clouds to watch the Blytheville Christmas parade on Main Street last night which displayed IT ijMjMis. and four high school bands. ^r*nie ' surgiiig mass ol people crowded anxiously Into the street waiting for the parade to start as scattered drops of rain threat- iurope Views Atom Ian With Caution By ROBERT F, S. JONES LONDON (AP) — President Eisenhower's proposal for an atomic pool for peace was splashed over war-conscious West Europe's front pages today but most editors cautiously refrained fro.~n comment until (hey could give it further study. There was no immediate official explanation." comment either from the European j The two right-wing newspapers encd to dampen the participants j chancelleries although the Presi- Le Figaro and L'Aurore said the and on lookers alike. j dent's plan was welcomed In non-jnext move is up to the Russians. After an attempt nt clearing official quarters. j The left-wing, non-Communist Main Street of parked cars and Most editorial rcficlion was con- I Franc Tireur called the speech n traffic failed, the crowd edged CC ntralerl in Britain— whom papers "solnmn. dramatic cull l,o rca.sov" hailed Ike's s p e e c h— and in L'Humanite said '.he President's France. j speech "wasn't at all what people French anti-Communist papers i had hoped for." | were mainly into the street past the parked cars and almost met in the middle before the parade started., Passage down the street was barely possible for the first of the floats as the parade got .started on time. > The threat of rain was forgot- " A more P"* 1 ^ P 1;i " w " s ten as the first, band stepped I rd >" said Piiri ^ Pi'cysc, "and dar- lively down the parade route fol- >">' Wfts n( 4 tlie dominant quality lowed by a series of floats bear- i of Eisenhower's speech. He posed ing out the theme "Unto to Us in certain number of general prin- Sce PARADE on Page 2 j cipie.s which require more ample inst organ. supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe, Marshall addressed him as "Eisenhower." Now he calls him "Mr. President." When Marshall called a man in and started out just calling him "Jones," Jones knew things were running at an even keel. But if he opened up with "Mr. Jones" or "Col. Jones" the general was annoyed and trouble was brewing. Now life is easier. The general spends hours in contemplative reading of newspapers and magazines j future London Paper Urges Britain to Leave UN LONDON (AP) — Great Britain today to LONDON M— President, Eisenhower's plnn to pool atomic ennrgy Jur peaceful use over ihe world WHS greeted with eaiier hope by a wide cross-section of the British prr-fts today. "It sometimes had seemed to us," said the Conservative Daily Mail, "that America has. been a little reluctant to make those large ge.stures we believe to be necessary if Russian mistrust of the Lord Beaverbrook's Daily Express advised Quit the United Nations. It said the U.N.'s! We - st is evcr to he overcome. "activities are damaging to the prospects of world peace .and ruin- 1 " N ° m ' lin could have " one far " ous for the Empire." | tnrr about other peoples' problems, world." and he added: "The Highway Groups to Meet LITTLE ROCK (ff>) - The Arkansas and Missouri Highway Commissions will meet at Harrison tomorrow to dissuss mutual road problems. Weatk ver ARKANSAS^Clearing and colder this afternoon and tonight; lowest 20-30 tonight; Thursday [air, warmer west and north In afternoon MISSOURI — Mostly cloudy and colder tonight with occasional light snow northeast and extreme north central; Thursday colder northeast and extreme east and warmer later Thursday; Thursday cloudy northeast and gradually clearing west and south. Maximum yeaterdtiy—61, Minimum yestcrday^38 Sunrise tomorrow—6:56. Sunset today—4'.49. Precipitation lust 24 hours to 7-00 *. m. today—.45. Mc«n temperature (midway between hlKh and low)—40.5. Precipitation Jan. I to date—.3877. This Date !,asl Year Maximum yesterday—6ft. Minimum yesterday—M. Precipitation January 1 to date— 42.28. The 1954 model Mercury will go on display in Blytheville tomorrow at Still Motor Co., 101 West Walnut. The new Mercury line features an entirely new model "hardtop convertible" with a. transparent plastic roof. Called the "SunValley," this model has the first transparent roof to be put on an American production model. The front half ol the roof is of green-tinted plexi- glass. Horsepower in the new Mercury overhead valve V-8 engine has been stepped up to 161. The new engine has a compression ratio of 7.1 to 1 and Is equipped with a four- barrel carburetor. Also new 'in the 1954 Mercury is the ball-joint front suspension which was first introduced in the 1952 Lincoln. Styling changes include redesigned rear quarter panels, new wrap-round bumpers and new grille. Fourteen basic colors are offered, plus 22 two-tone combinations. There are eight models in- two series in the new Mercury line. Dies ot Wreck Injuries PAYETTEVILLE (/P) - William P. Kelly, a Rogers businessman and n civic leader, died In a hospital here last night from Injuries suffered when his car overturned near Gateway, Ark., Nov. 25. There, are quiet evenings spent in his library and afternoons on a sunny porch. The general likes western novels. He enjoys pottering about the See MARSHALL nn Page 2 Soviets now have the opportunity See CONGRESS on Page Inside Toddy's Courier News . . . Blytheville Christmas parade in Pictures . . . Pajrcs 12 and 13. .. "Learn to Study," U. of A. Coach Wyalt Tells '53 Chickasaws . . . Ford Frick Vows lo Uphold Baseball Pension Plan . . . Sports . . .Pages 10 and 11 ... . . . Big Three Wants Russia to Discuss Germany and Austria . . . Page 13 ... . . . McCarthy Orders Scientist lo Hear Testimony Aboul Himself ... Page 3 ... Vicksburg Now Taking on Air Of Normal Life VICKSBDRG, Miss. OP> — Tornado-battered Vicksburg took on an air of normal life today with more, stores re-opening, but crews sn!! probed through debris in several areas for more victims. The death toll stood at 31. The 25-million dollar disaster Saturci.iv left the main business section, ihe warehouse district and several residential areas in ruins. Most of the business section was cleaned yesterday. Red Cross official John Russell of Atlanta reported 1,500 were left i stated, by Mrs. Menon's requests homeless. ' for debates on African problems. Newspaper Strike Ends Photoengravers Gef- $3.75 Weekly Raise The Express claims a circula- . tion of more than four million. It follows an independent political: line but is pro-Empire. [ In an editorial, the paper stated: , "What can Britain expect to get i from membership of the United Nations except trouble and abuse. Britain and Ihe Dominions have only six votes between them—and one of those goes to South Africa which lakes no part in United Nations affairs. "But hoxv many votes are there from South America? Twenty. And nearly all can be relied on for i sWke '" the history of New York support by Britain's enemies." journalism. The paper leveled its severest APL Photo-enm avers and the pub.... . ,, , , , . ., Ushers agreed yesterday, the lllh criticism flt Mrs. uaKsnmi rJ. j.!,-., ~t t\ , .\ \, < r t fi ,• Menon. Indian delegate to the U. N. i b ^™™ ^ ^Cf trusteeship committee. j The cng ,. avwf wjn ,. eceivc an jm . It said Mrs. Menon, urged by i mediate S3.75 weekly package in- Prime Minister Nehru, was leading ' crease. than Mr. Eisenhower." j The independent. Times declared, - "The deep sincerity in his speech must have a lasting impression far beyond the ranks of the General Assembly of Ihe United Nations to | which it was addressed. . -What marked Eisenhower's .speech off from previous attempts to break the deadlock was that it suggested the first practical step which could be taken without an agreement, on fa full-scale plan of disarmament." NEW YORK W) — The city's big- The Liberal News Chronicle said ge.st newspapers resumed publication today, bringing news and ads j to millions of readers after the wnrst i an attack to destroy the British Empire. This was being done, the paper In Arkansas Fields — CottonAAakes Good Recovery LITTLE ROCK Mi — Arkansas' cotton crop staged a "remarkable" recovery, Miles McPcek, agricultural statistician said here yesterday, In commenting on the 50 per cent Increase in the estimated crop. McPeek said that unusual warm weather this fall prompted a good growth of late cotton and gave an Ideal harvest season. Arkansas' cotton crop for 1963 was estimated yesterday nt 1,550,000 bales—an Increase of a half million bales over the Aug. 1 estimate. It was a 65.000 bale increase over the Nov. 1 estimate. When the August estimate was made, Arkansas cotton growers were pessimistic because of a cooi, wet spring which delayed planting or necessitated replanting, followed by a drought which lasted until late fall This year's crop estimate if well above the 1,366,000 bales harvested last year and above tho 10-year average of 1,355,000 bales. Arkansas planted 2,070,000 acres of cotton this year .with an average yield of 359 pounds per acre expected. Last, year, 1,910,000 acres were planted. The 10 : year average yield is 334 pounds per acre. Cotton ginnings as of Dec. 1 amounted to 1,423,S50 bales as compared with 1,259.858 bales ginned on the, corresponding date last year. The Agriculture Department said seven per cent ot the 1DS3 crop Is yet to bo harvested in Ar- I Kansas. per e- The total number of con- Hours later, New York's three struck morning papers-the Times,! date to $21,192 which is 80 Daily News and Daily Mirror- had I cent of the goal of $25,887.50. today's edition on the streets. The I The collection yesterday was Herald Tribune, the city's lone I from lnree contributors by Divi- major dally which was not struck, carried its first ads in nine days in an 88-page paper. Meanwhile, the three struck afternoon new.fpapcr.s-the Journal American, Past, and World Telegram and Sun worked to put out, their first post-strike editions today. As the presses rolled again, both sides picked (act-finders to meet here today and try to agree on a third, The federal mediation service will name him II there Is no agreement. Plan Puts Fateful Choice Squarely Up to Russians By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — President Eisenhower's bold new proposal for an international atomic pool put squarely up to Russia today a fateful decision on cooperation with the West. Andrei Vishinsky, chief Soviet delegate to the United Nations, said "it is necessary to study" the President's proposal. U. N. diplomats declared ' that a favorable Soviet response could greatly advance prospects for eventual control of the atom — while a rejection would further harden the East-West deadlock on this issue. Eisenhower, fresh from the Bermuda conference, where he got the backing of Prime Minister Churchill and French Premier Lanlel for his action, told the U.N. General Assembly late yesterday the United States was ready to join immediately in secret talks on setting up an international atomic energy agency to which qualified nations would contribute atomic material for peaceful purposes. But he said Russia "Would have to be one of the participating nations. He did not name other nations, but it was learned he considers Britain, which .produces atomic materials, and Australia, South Africa, Canada and Belgium, which produce uranium, the raw source material, also should be included. The revolutionary nature of the President's proposal— the thing that made many U. N. delegates think it just might prove acceptable to Russia — was that it would not require prior agreement on an acceptable system of international inspection of atomic plants in all countries because it avoids for the moment the whole question of elimination ot atomic arms. ' Would Control Atom Use Instead, It calls tor creation of practical operating body under the banner of the U. N. which would engage in strictly peaceful use of atomic materials for the maximum benefit of the greatest possible number of nations. For example, the agency could establish a plant to furnish atomic power in some area without adequate power resources, The apparent belief of American officials is that if the free nations and Russia could cooperate in such an undertaking, learning to work together in so complicated and delicate a field, they might gain mutual confidence Which would eventually lead to a workable system of intcrruitiunal atomic energy control and abolition of atomio weapons. Seven years of negotiation on this issue in the United Nations have produced no results. Eisenhower made his proposal after a somber warning Lhat the alternative to effective international action on the atom will be the probable destruction of civilization in an atomic war. He said it wa not enough for nations to erect See IKE on Page 2 West Germans See Russian Border Freeze By BRACK CURRY BONN, Germany ift — West German government officials predicted today the Russians will call fo.r a freeze on present East-West boundaries in Europe at the proposed Big Pour foreign ministers' conference in Berlin in n supreme bid to kill off plans tor European unity. Competent officials said Western acceptance of such a Russian demand would leave Germany disarmed and divided, the Red army standing on the VJoe River ,and Sue ATOMIC (in I'acc 3 Workers Hit 80 Per Cent Of City Chest Goal Volunteer workers for the Community Chest fund raising cam- p;iign with the addition of another $100, brought the total collected to j western Europe with little hope"of tributors to the fund at thi.s time i is 1962. J. B. V/hitworth M.V. Coach of Year ST. LOUIS (/P) — J. B. (Kars) Whitworth, whose Oklahama A&M either political or military unity. The Russians might even link their proposals with a suggestion for a non-aggression pact with the \ West, these officials said. The r;nCravens voted to return Aggies shared the confer Is the Missouri Valley Conference Football Coach of the Year Whitworth's .fellow VallcJ- coaches awarded the title to him in the annual conference poll conducted to work yesterday only after being I by Commissioner Arthur K. Eilers. assured they can strike again If Ihe! (Whitworth, a brother of County f a c l-flmlers' decision docs not! Treasurer Frank Whitworth, played suit them. The decision may be ready next week. It Is not binding on either side. high school football at Blytheville and irraduuted. from the University of Alabama.) German authorities are convinced the Berlin meeting, if .held, will make no progress toward settling the German question. They feel Moscow will refuse to give up control of East Germany and permit unification of this divided nation. The Soviet objective at Ihe four- power conference, they believe, will be to divide the Western Big Three and scuttle the projected European army and European political community. The fear here !3 that a. Soviet bid lo leave things as they are in Europe might win stronK. support in France and possibly in Britain and Italy. France especially Is fearful of rearming the Germans.
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