Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa on February 25, 1965 · Page 14
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Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa · Page 14

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 25, 1965
Page 14
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rvr A T THUHSDAV, ret. ts, IMS Legislating by caucus All formal meetings of cpnimUtees and what have you in the legislature are supposed to be open, free, above board and no secret in Iowa's legislature. And so they are. But whenever there is a threat for the Indians to get off the reservation the Chiefs take them into caucus for the woodshedding to. whack them into line and argue the matter — in secret. Last week it was revealed a secret meeting was held in the governor's office by labor and legislative leaders to determine the course of labor legislation. • THERE IS A REAL need for some secrecy in discussion of such matters. In secret meetings the labor leaders can indicate what they just have to have — and the governor and legislative leaders can indicate just what they can deliver. This makes for compromise in which neither gets all it wants but neither is shut out and both sides can claim a victory s,o important in labor union politics as well as other kinds of politics. To have such a hassle in the open would tip the hands of the leaders of both groups, lead to "sell out" claims by rock- headed groups on both sides who would rather fight than switch a bit, and get something instead of nothing. HOWEVER IT IS merely politics for the the democrats to claim with bald-face they have gotten away from that horrible "sccfecy" in the legislature. The fact is, and they know it, secrecy is still maintained because it has to be — but in another form. It is possible for the Chiefs in a caucus to tell the Indians why a certain bill should be passed or beaten, and then have them ride out and do their scalping. To let the general public in on the reasons leads to misunderstandings and some bitter words against the Indians as welt as the Chiefs. In public discussion the political rule is a legislator must do or die — he never can compromise in standing up for the right, motherhood, or yielding an inch to the opposition. BUT FROM THE practical point of getting something done a bit of compromising here and there to accomplish the result is a healthy thing for the state as a whole. After all, a dead bill is not long mourn-. ed, and a legislator who docs and dies too many times gets into the habit and his colleagues get into the habit of letting him do it. More is accomplished toward good legislation off the floors of the legislature than is accomplished by the speeches in the formal sessions. It may not be pure, honest, aboveboard, all-American boy stuff to have this secrecy in legislating by caucus but it is sometimes about the only way a result can be attained. Computer to remap? For some time those interested in what kind of a reapportionment plan would come out of the present session have been puzzled by lack of presentation of a plan. Now it is revealed three university professors and a computer have been working on the problem. Some weeks ago it was reported the democratic majority had a "secret"'committee working on the problem. , v The normal reaction of the normal legislature to plans for anything presented 1 by a university professor group is met with extreme suspicion, to say the least. ' jp THE FIELD of representation in the legislature in the past some plans have been worked out by professors'evidently using slide rules. ; . ;•"', '..\ '*,; While these are mathematically correct the result brought howls of political pain from practically every legislator. The'facts of political life were not considered by the professors who dealt with people as just persons- so many to the square mile. ; PEOPLE ARE PEOPLE — there is ho doubt about,that— but when it copies to politics tjiey're republican, demoCTats, or confused independent. That's"what matters so'mucti when it comes to writirig a by s,lide rule, for the slide rule doesn't take these factors into consideration. Maybe the computer will. It has been highly spoken of as being superior to man's mind, and while that may be true in the mass the fact a computer was made by a man still would indicate some superiority left in the human gray matter. And if the professors are all three democrats it might be the material fed into the computer for the answer might just come: up accidentally with a preponderence of democratic districts. Or vice versa. AT ANY RATE the first thing a legislator would do is to see what the "great decision" does to'his particular baliwick. The non-human computer couldn't care less What the legislator thought — but the legislator has a vote and the computer doesn't. The computer for instance might be able to measure what percentage votes straight tickets — but not those who skip around like an intoxicated rooster in making his marks. Maybe it's just as well the professors are working in secret. They'll have peace at least until the plan g° es to the tender mercies of the legislature. Breakdown It's astounding to people' of the older generation to find agencies of the government planning to issue birth control pills to all comers, whether the women are rriar- riecl or not. . i' One of the big deterrents to promiscuous living has been the real fear.ofpreg: nancy. It has not only been a 'det|rre|it tp the female but also the 'male, 1 " v v pay up. So to avoid an eyeball to eyeball situation no votes have been taken — until this one and the ' main adversaries were happy to call it "procedural" and therefore doesn't count. Penalty This opening the gates by this fear can not help but lead to a breakdown in morals in this country, Saved? The United States saved its face, mostly anyway, in its permitting a "procedural" vote in the United Nations last Wl® k - How* ever it was noted the Russians smiled broadly, and while we may have saved our face it might be wise to see if anything else is missing. In fact Russia was a bit embarrassed too by the Albanian delegate's insistance on voting. Russia wasn't ready to force an issue, and it was Red China's hand behind the Albanian move. There is a growing suspicion in this country the United Nations are not very much united these days, {n fart op" most questions there is 3 choosing up of sides on major issues not according to the best interests of the world but accgrding fro which way the two big power blocks are mpving. Maneuvering by Red China and France is particularly noted. peGayUe baf a dj:e§m pf France controlling the WPrtd by glancing Russia Igainst the United States. He al$p lopks to himself as the arbjter be> tween Red China, Russia and the United States He is power hungry in this respect. In the particular situation now a c»m- mittee is working on a solution £o the vptinjg problem^ Un4er the charter a nation twp years behind in paying its share of the U. N. costs is denied a vote. Russia and France are the two big nations behind. Neither wgnts tP pay on what they call a matter of "principle" fpr the GpngQ U. N. campaign. The U. S. bgs announced it will invoke rule against them voting u«lf*s tbey ;; ilowa has dope away with the death penalty for crime. It was an emotion-packed issue that provided the first real baptism of fire for most new legislators in this session. The death penalty is a debatable issue with good points on both sides. It was interesting to observe one senator favored it because it was more "merciful" than a life in prison. The problem now is what is meant by life imprisonment. This was cited as the answer. However few sentenced to life have served out their sentence. The victim of a killing is forgotten in the pity for the living culprit. Crisis It is apparent Uie situation in Viet Nam has reached a crisis, and something will have to "give" if the war doesn't blossom into a fHW ?PaJe conflict. And it also seems apparent this country is about to sepfc the best way out of a hopeless mess. The fact the Viet Nam people have no concern is the oig problem. The United Spates can not figw Viet Nam battles without the support of the people. When Viet Nam people will permit the Viet Cong to operate within sight pf U. S. installations it's time to call a halt. Balking There has been ample evidence labor unions dpminate the present Iowa legislature. This was accepted last week when a democrat walked put of a caucus disgujted with the pressure being exerted by labor representatives. Even Hughes js balking spine at least in public. Some democrat? P9Jnp|ain tine unions think they pwu the democratic party. WRITER BELIEVES THIS COUNTRY WILL ALWAYS II IN DEBT Problem pf public dgbt discussed Depending oil -•' f ' ,. .; .,;, .ip -^, ' (Chat. Davl» In law* Fall* Any politician worth his salt has a fire and brimstone speech on the size of the national debt and deficit financing. This is always a "safe" subject, one designed to prove the politician's economic conservatism. While deficit financing at the federal level has become a way of life, it still bothers the prudent Only trained economists really understand the workings of the government's fiscal policies. They are far too intricate for the laymen. And this bothers a bit, too. Edwin Dale, an econonv ic and financial news writer in the Washington bureau of the New Vork Times, has recently tried to explain the management of the national debt and deficit financing in simple terms. His conclusions may not find unanimous acceptance, but they are worth considering. pale started with these statement on the federal budget:, 1. More and more businessmen, bankers and labor leaders believe that recent deficits have beep useful economic stimulants. 2. It is misleading to compare government spending with that of a prudent family. Deficit financing in the federal budget is sound because government credit is sound. 3. Government borrowing is a way of putting savings to work. If the public debt did not exist something would have to replace it. The federal debt is simply financed by government borrow- ing. This requires some smooth and adept management, but Dale concludes that it is "almost universally agreed that debt manageihent in recent years has bedti handled brilliantly." Hie government redeems expiring bond issues and sells new treasury bills of various terms at the rate of $3 billion a week without causing the "slightest ripple." lyiost of the current $315 billion debt was piled up during World War It wlien budget deficits were huge. The pre-war debt was less than $50 billion. Roughly 10 percent of the next federal budget will go for interest on the debt, about $10 billion. Economists, says Dale, agree that there is nothing inflationary about the debt as it is currently managed and that'it will never be paid off. "The debt will not be repaid because there is no reason to do so. and because repayment could be downright dangerous for the economy. No expanding electric utility, for example, would dream of paying off all its debt. The important point is that both the governnient and the utility pay off each obligation as it becomes due." To the complaint that today's generation is creating a burden for fixture generations, Dale says that this is the wrong way to measure the burden of future interest payments. The true measurement is to compare the growth in interest with the growth of the national economy', or of total incomes. As our incomes grow, the amount of tax that each pf us pays to coyer interest on the national debt de- clines relative to our incomes, or at <ivof st remains stable, • A deficit is also an economic tool Used to create additional prosperity, particularly if a tag in the demand for goods" afid products is in sight. The income tax cut of 1964 is an example. That tax cut poured about $12 billion into the economy by way of private spending, while government spending remained stable. The $12 billion turned over and multiplied, and the re* suit was a $40 billion growth in total spending in the economy. A million and a half new jobs were created and the economy had one of the best years in history. And the deficit will turn put much less than the $12 billion tax cut. There seems to be general agreement among economists this far. But Dale writes that there is less agreement on the practice of the Kennedy and 1 Johnson administration of planned 'deficits. Walter Heller, recently retired economic advisor to .these administrations, put forth the theory that a surplus in the budget is not called for until the economy achieves full employment, a time when there would be inflationary pressure demand. So far this seems to be working and the budget now before Congress is based on this theory. We may see a continuation of these "non-inflationary" budgets and will probably continue to mutter about deficit financing, inflation, unsound fiscal policies, and burdening our grandchildren. But, according to the economists, these are "old,-fashioned" notions. Wheeling, dealing to get expensive for tax payers Check car tools (Jackson Baty in Osage Press) It's pretty obvious that we are no longer in the "New Frontier" when all of us were' supposed to make sacrifices, and are now in the "Great Society." Now the only sacrifices we're really being asked to make are to dig deeper in our pocketbooks to pay for all of Lyndon's new proposals. > And 'my*, doesn't' the-'old"wheeler-dealer" have a lot of them! Culture is completely out, and so too is reading- But the "idiot box" is in. Which does njake it easy on the brain, if not on the mind. It's gotten so that some of our staunchest and most conservative Republican friends are looking with longing at the days when Pablo Casals was entertaining in the White House and ' Bobby was pushing guests into his swimming pool, when he wasn't playing touch football. But it could, apparently, be worse. Don't believe it? You would, if you had seen the conservative members of the local GOP beseech divine help for LBJ when he was rushed to the hospital in the early morning hours a week ago. Those GOP politicians know it could be Approves Felland (C. P. Woods in Sheldon Mail) It is easy to aspire to the role of good citizen, but attainment of it is an altogether different matter. One lowan who, we think, has attained that role is Mrs. Huda Felland, who sacrificed her $10,200 a year position as head of Jowa's state milk and food laboratory rather than accept the political appointment of an employee in her department whom she considered unqualified. For anypnp interested, in watching general trends, the fact that Mr§. FeUand's action in placing integrity over dollars has been givf n $uefc wide publicity and has occasioned so much surprise should be a matter of genuine concern. The public reaction to her staunch stand indicates how unusual such action is. On the other hand, the brusque and cynical attitude tajten by Iowa's new secrttery pf 4s- ricuJture Kenneth Owen W ttf whole matter is m we w, weary, dreary, pattern of the political spoils, system. . Mrs. Felland s conduct is the, by W>w, traditipn of in action. The fact th|t lier na- tipnjl background, a§ m pi80 from PlleStWe, WOttW very !tt$le 9f e ex' worse, and that's why they want .to see Lyndon healthy. Qr at least not totally incapacitated. They must love Hubert! And we do suppose that stockholders in AT&T and General Motors also know matters could be worse. Imagine, both these firms earned profits (still not a-dirty word in the Great Society apparently) of $1,700,- ppp.QOO.Op or more last year, a,;Mitchell county doesn't receive much direct benefit from either rum or bourbon production, so the change from daiquiris to scotch and soda may be regarded as an improvement. And we imagine that much more barbecue sauce is consumed locally than sauce bearnaise. And our own preference certainly runs to the Troupo Folk- lorico' of Mexico rather than the City Center Ballet and only a screaming liberal would prefer Capri pants to skirts on most of the women he knows. Well, the nation survived Warren Harding and Dwight Eisenhower. It still was thriving after Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman, We got through the New Frontier, so the odds are,good that the Great Society will come and go. Without requiring too many adjustments on the part of most of us. for this lesson i.n good government, and hot a little ashamed that it would require someone with her traditional background to bring it home to us. We hope she will continue to live in Iowa- More such "imports" could very Well'mean a better future for democracy. Better (Fairfitld Ledger) Reports from Washington tell that postal rates will soon be increased again. Most of us will accept it as inevitable since the work load is constantly increasing. But the fact IP that only When «i§ government does it do costs not decrease as ypJume increases, H ppens to question wlvethf r the 'government can always do it tetter. The telephone systems of the country are much more complicated to administer and maintain thin the postal system. Each subscriber has almost instant access to millions of other sub- scriters, The cost per available SpTet l»8d decreased Smith in RapJoVRepoffif) •. <!••,<'•?'•'•• •<wrt*:.\ >Mr Rock Rapids had a mpmenUry outage of eiectric service la'st week, when the bureau of rejpla' mation power distrtbiition syij- te'tti ffom the MiSspUfi fiver dams was knocked out of commission. Other areas in the mid' west were put for front a fe,w minutes to several hours. The situation demonstrated very clearly the advantage of having standby electric generating equipment which can be called into quick service when trouble hits the highlines. Rock Rapids has a fairly mod' ern electric generating system — as small units go —valid for (John Gorman in Wjnttrwt ience in tne way wi mgiiunc failures. However wefts our community td gfow Ind S6*e heav# } poWdf users' get ^tt tlfe municipal system, then tt,wMd be" necessafy to give cpttsfd|r§. tidfi'tb added standby Mfeed^ Economically 6 p e r a t i tt g a small gefferatSHg plant, iftdepeti< defttly, is-n6 Ipnger feasible. Mow huge generating plants Where water power or big tU^ biries pdWered by steam, pwdiice energy much cheaper than it can' be done in small plants. BUt highline operations do get fouled up every so often, nd Iheti standby equipment is ly desirable. ALGONA KOISUTN COUNtt (Gordon Aasgaard in Lake Mills Graphic) Driving into Mason City the other day my car stalled on North Federal. A battery connection broke, causing the car to go completely dead—no ignition, no lights, no horn. It's a strange feeling and causes you to wonder how it would be to tie thus stranded on a country road in below zero temperatures. Most people know 'they should carry emergency items, nevertheless, we know most people don't. In case you're in the mood to stock your car now with some trouble — avoiding items, though, here's the list for your convenience: —Flashlight. For an emergency light under the hood and for checking tires at night. —Spare"'tire', jack and lug wrench. Don't laugh. Many people discover only when a tire goes flat that they don't have a spare, or that it doesn't have air in it. —Warning signal, such as a flare or flasher in case of breakdown. —First-Aid kit. List blood types of the members pf your family and paste it under" the lid. —Your insurance identification card. It's surprising to hear from insurance agents how many customers don't call them after an accident, because they forget their card or even the name of the insurance company. Dark glasses, small change in a holder (for emergency phone palls for isolated spots) and a detailed map of your local area also can help you avoid pestiferous inconveniences, Often it's easier to find your way to the other side of the country than to the other side of town. For people whp don't go south for the winter, tire chains and a windshield scraper are life sav* er§, Sp are a bucket of sand qr gkid pads, a folding shpvej—and a warm blanket in case you become snowbound. fo people who. tend to pro* erastinate w§ can only pay; Force yourself! Buy that spare tire now. The time you save Will be your own, «b'w«f Rot achieved by * .„_- „ it was 50 years it" would now take all the s women i n the United with democracy, is caji§e for even more thought. W§ should be tekM to her ttiat for we to fmd o 4o some o| the really |n this area of rural Iowa it's hard for people to have much concern with the population ex- plgsipji. But figures released by scientists are rather startling- For instance: "lij the next hour world ppp>- uiation will increase by 7,900 pepple. "Twenty-four hours from now we will have added a population larger tpaq youngstown, Cprpuj Phfisti, Hartford, Ft. Wayne or phjveport. '-And by the end of October {here wjjl bj 5,0 million more pf p on this planet. . . equiva- Jeni to another Italy or France." Oh well, maybe it will help A L a o N A K e » s if T n BwwniT A 0 Y A M C 11 _ Published by the .Advance PubliShlrtg' Co., Mondays and Thursdays, offices and shop, 124 North 'Thdf!rxjt6ri "St-, Algoho, lowd. ' •'Editor arid publisher',''DuSnV-E"."Dewel, Managing Editor, Julian Chnschilles, Editor Efrieritus, >r ' r n —-' ' ' C. ADVANCI tUlfCMirriON KATf and to'nearesT"post?office;outsjde,of County .i->_$5.00 nty'and to'nearest post'office ——-- J3.50 , One Year In County Six months-in ; County r and tb : nearest, post -.— », „„ • Year outside Courjfy, and to other'than "nearest outside P.O.s i-i'-'..-»7.00 A|| rights to • matter• published |n' ; the Algona Kossuth ' County Advance • are reserved, Including news, feature,?, advertising or other, 'and reproduction in any rnanner is prohibited except by 'written :'permissi6n 6f the publishers of the A|gbna" KpsSu'th Colinty Adyah'ce>In each Instancei All • manuscripts .articles c or^pictufes are ' sent at the < owner's , risk. ; . Algona Insurance ALGONA INSURANCE AGENCY J. R. (Jim) Surety Bonds — All of Insurance 206 East State St. Ph. 295-3176 BLOSSOM INSURANCE AGENCY All Lines of Insurance 109 North Dodge Ph. 295-2735 BOHANNON INSURANCE ' ' SERVICE ";.'•:;; 6 North Dodge St. Polio Insurance Ph. 295-5443 Home—Automobile—-Farm KOSSUTH MUTUAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION Over $102,000,000 worth of insurance in force. A home (Company. 'Safe, secure. 'Lola Scuffhahi; Secy. HERBST INSURANCE AGENCY < . For Auto, House, Household Goods, and Many Other '•'• Forms'',' '••'•' ^ . ' Ph. 295-3733 ' f ee) Investments RICHARD A. MOEN 'Representing FEDERATED INSURANCE Modern o.ne-stpp Insurance $ervice Business - Home r Car •. Life 295-5955 P.O,- Box 337 HAROLD SUNDET Independent Agent 118 South Dodge Phone 5-2341 RICKLEFS * OEELAN INSURANCE AGENCY All Type* of Insurance Ph. 295-5529 or 29S-3I11 ALGONA Optometrists •?' Dr. HAROLD WrERICKSON Eyes Examined, Contact Lenses, Hearing Aid Qlasses, 9 East State Street Phone 295-2196 Hours 9:00 a,m, to 5:00 P.m. Closed Saturday Aftejrnoons DR. C. M. O'CONNOR Optometrist Visual Analysis and Visual Training Contact Lenses 1P9 So; Harlan, Algona Phone INVESTORS Diversified Services, Inc. DONALD V. ,GANT Phone 295-2540 BOX 375 ALGONA, IOWA : '"~ ! iCWropracjtprs DR. D. D. ARNOLD ; Chiropractor 120 N. Moore ; Mon: V Wed'- Fri. 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.-' Phone 295-3373 W. L. CLEGG, D. C. Sawyer Building 9 East State St. Algona, Iowa Office Hours by Appointment Office Ph. 29W677 DR. M. R. BALDWIN : Chiropractor ; 'Office Ph'bh'e' " R(Bf.Phone 295-2378 295-3306 Office Hours:: r Mon. thru Fri. — 8:30-12:00 Saturday morning 8:3Q-12:00 Farm Management CAMION . ••> fr-^T. i- • MANAJNMgtlT .ft- LEON H. LAIRD Farm Management Good management is Good Business 820 So, Harriet PJJQne 295.38Jff Doctors JOHN N. KENEFICK, M. D. Physician and Surgeon : ' 218 ty State .Dffiqe Phong %«353 Residence Ph. 295-2614 MELVIN 6, BOURNE, M. D. Physician & SuVgeon * il8 No, MOOTS »r' Office Ph^ne 293-234$ Residence Pn, 295-2277 PAN i., 'WAY. M, *, M. D. Clinic Bldg. W w, state ft AlgQnK, Iow» pffice Ph, 2953831 Dr. L. L, SNYOIR 3 East Stitg St. Dill Credit Services M. iqniTiMi, H, p>; Residence Phone 295-2335 DIAN p, KOOI, M, 0, Residency Pfcojie ?9^J7 Physicians and Surgepni m N. Podge, AlgQnf Office Phone 295-5490 KQSfUTH COUNTY Collectrite Sjryjce Fact bi» 295-3182 Credit Algona Office division, of Credit Ceri Now Offering Tht Midw»it Credit $y»t*m (Immediate Electronic Credit i-PSS Recovery Service) with Montftly §04 Quarterly Re ports, J, |, HAMII ' PfOttit 62.2 E, Stgte St. PR U8 N. Moore - etu NASH, P.D.I. »•«•>«••••« I MIMMM

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