The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on December 18, 1895 · Page 3
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 18, 1895
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IcV? .-"^ i ••„ . " ;/ ;' / ^. ° V '" H*' , * ': __'->'*^;^?^^p *&«ttttttrdl »f f OH* 6f Coftt II BWtfc Sttfl tSMlh tofts of coal afe from Itaftitftl ol l*ottli and South Am* boy; at thg mouth of the JRa*itan iritef, every molitlij It is loaded in vessels fof all points along the Atlantic seaboafri and inAn£ EUrtiiJean poits. fho coal dodks of the Lehigh Valley railroad at Perth Aiabo? ate among the largest in the World, The docks of the fouusyi- fattifl i-ftilfoad at Sotith Ainboy are fielM? as large in shipping capacity. Hi connection With the haucUiiif of tarn ihiinense quantities of coal one of H16 most troublesome problems for the railfoad companies is to keep their roll- iflg stock in constant motion. It is considered a loss of revenue for a car to remain several days at a given point, and every thing is done to facilitate the rapid movement of the cars, both loaded and empty, For a number of years loaded cars were kept standing in the storage yards of the Pennsylvania railroad at Sotith Ainboy for weeks at a time. At times the company was embarrassed for want of cars to traussport the coal from the mines. The difficulty was finally solved about three years ago. In place of the Jong string of loaded cars may How be seen immense piles of coal. When a train arrives from the mines, the Various kinds of coal are sorted out and the oars drilled to tho proper side track for unloading. In closo proximity to each side track stands a large derrick witl^a movable boom extending diagonally into tho air about 80 feet. To this boom is attached a large traveling belt, on which are fastened large buckets. The bolt is operated by a small steam engine in charge of the man who manipulates the elevator. As tho coal drops from the outlet in tho car it falls into the buckets on the elevator belt and is carried to the end of the swinging boom, where it ia dropped in the center of the pile and distributed by gravity. The coal remains in these piles until.it is required for shipment ; then ib is loaded in cars and transferred to the docks. The immense piles of coal usually contain from 10,000 to 12, 000 tons each, and are worth from $40,000 to §r-\000, according to the market value ox 1 the coal. It is frequently the case that there are .12 of these piles of coal in the storage yard, representing a value of from $500,000 to $600,000. It was discovered recently that the coal rusted while in these piles. This did not detract from the burning qualities, but affected the selling value. To prevent this canvas covers were made at a cost of $1,000 each. When the piles of coal are all covered, the storage yard resembles a large circus. The sight of such an immense quantity of coal is viewed with astonishment by strangers, although the .residents of South Amboy are so accustomed to it that they never give it a second thought. — New York Telegram. ME-ANlNQ * here Wff* fcofn A lohg ago, so fat back that i oaiinot be definitely tf-aced, the latte days of December were set apart for tht festivities pertaining to pagan worship Pefhaps its earliest observance began with fhe celebration of the winter sol Stice and of festivities held ia honor of Saturn and Bacchus. Today Christmas is celebrated throughout the World not for ita pagan ancestry* but for its mean ing as the Christian festival of the ua tivity. the keynote of Christmas joy is "Peace on earth, good Will to men." The first Christinas day that ever dawn ed brought rejoicing in its wake. On that day there Was born iti Bethlehem, Jttdssa, a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord. For those weary with sin, for those oppressed with sorrows, for the troubled in mind, for the Weak and helpless he caine. But not to these alone. To the joyful and happy ones, to those rich in this World's goods, to the successful and prosperous he oamo. To the Whole World he appeared. None Was forgotten by him. And now to the outcast and to the weary one, to the rich man and to the joyful child he says the Words, "Learn of me." If you suffer, Christ pities you. If you be lonely, he is with you. If yon repent of sin, he 'will keep you in safety. If you havo great possessions, ho says unto you. "Give to the poor." On Christmas day at least "let all Wrath and clamor and evil speaking be done away" and let every one sing, with the heart, "Glory to God in the highest. "—-New York Mercury. . AN ANCIENT BLOCKHOUSE. v .»lie Bouquet Redoubt tlxe Only One In - , ' Existence. ; Here in Pennsylvania we find what is not in existence in the east or south —one of tho original blockhouses built before the Eevolution and still in a perfect state of preservation. All the others have disappeared. Forts Duquesne and Pitt are things of the past, but there- doubt of Colonel Bouquet stands today as it stood 180 years ago. To the Pittsburg chapter of the Daughters of the Revolution, we are indebted for its restoration. It has been owned by them since 1888. Until that year the old redoubt of Bouquet, as it is called, was occupied as a tenant house, and within its walls was born Pittsburgh local historian, tho late Neville B. Craige, Esq. Down on "the point," on a narrow, dirty little street called Fort street, surrounded by tumbledown buildings nearly as old as itself, is a little five sided building of stone and brick erected by Colonel Bouquet iu 1 764 as a defense against the Indians. The lower story is of stone and the upper of briok. In both are perforations or loopholes, through rjjioh the defenders could fire with OQj»paratiYO safety from the enemy. Why this redoubt was erected has been a\uery to us, as but a short distance away stood Fort Pitt, a work of oonsiderableXmagnitude and whose erection cost the-opjlony of Virginia, or the English goverm^ent, £60,OQO, but thejedonbt was builds q, stone slab qyeythe door with the wgend, "1764 Coll. Bouquet," testifies.~P Times, Old Tlmo Christmas In Dixie. When Remus, Saul and Caesar, with Dinah, Phillis and Chloe, made the circuit of the quarters at Christmastide they were regaled with various succulent viands—chine and sparerib, sausage and crackling, savory souvenirs of the fine art of hog killing, besides coon and corn pone, possum fat and hominy, all consecrated to their comfort and cheer, with lusty drafts of cider. Gingerbread and boiled chestnuts were dispensed to the dusky company, and there were much cracking of walnuts and roasting of apples. Then the cabin floor was cleared for the dance—jig and breakdown, pigeon wing and jnba, the latter a characteristic survival of the aboriginal barbarism, delivered with vigorous shouts and cries and shuffling of feet to a rhythmic accompaniment of handclappiug and patting of knees, in melodious deference to the jigging of a fiddle by the light of flaming pine knots. Juba up and juba down, Jubii all around do town. Sift do meal nnd gtmmp de husk, Rake do calco nnd gimme do crus", Fry do pork and gimme do skin, Ax me when I'm comin ag'in. Jubal Hi, jubal ttort Civil ta*guit» Here ilma fa Alf ttthef ctottfit*? ia tiie Wot id. A ma& of ingeinotis mind and apparently ample leisure has gone to the , • Munich Street tamps. ' ' The method, adopted' in Munich f pr lighting street Jamps from the outside withput opening $6 Jamp b.fts proved quite gatjgfactory, the results, as en,u« * t<? shut pa; |he jaafoj gtppspok, "$9 Jig W Wetback Jumps withput espipsipn 4 ' the Juba in and juba out, Juba, juba all about. Dinah, stir do possum fat; Can't you hoar do juba pat? ~ • • JubaI ' ' - - —Century. What Not to Do on Christmas. In north Germany you must not spin during the 12 nights of Christmas, lest you should walk after your death, nor after sunset on Saturday, for then mice will eat your work. Speaking of eating, if you want to have money and luck all the year round, you must not fail to eat herrings , on New Year's day, nor, if you wish to be lucky, must you rock an empty cradle, or spill salt wantonly, or cross knives, or point at the stars. If you leave a dirty cloth on. tho table overnight, you will make the angels weep; if you point upward to the rainbow, you will make the angels' feet bleed, and if you talk of cabbages while looking at the moon you will hurt the feelings of'the man in it, who was a cabbage stealer in his salad days.—All the Year Round, The Ideal Christmas, The ideal Christmas is found not in the land of flowers, but in the snowbound, rugged cpuntry of the north, Without/keen, frosty air, long stzetahes of hills and meadows covered with snow, ponds and Jakes incrusted with ice; within r roaring fires of hickory wood, halls ringing with the shouts of children and tables heaped high with the good things of life—these are the conditions which seem essential to the complete enjoyment of the great feast day of the church,—New York Herald. trouble of figuring out the number of lawsuits bi-ought in each country in* a year, and he has reached the conclusion that the United States is a better co-uii* try for attorneys and counselors than any other eivilzed land under tho sun. lie figures as lawsuits civil actions only, taking into ho account proceedings of a criminal character brought by the public authorities against individuals. He has ascertained that, taking the figures for the last ten years as a fair average, there are 1,250,000 lawsuits brought in England evety year, 760,000 in France, 1,400,000 in Italy, 8,800,000 in Get-many and 6,600,000 in the United States. It is not to be inferred from this that tho people of one country are much more prono to litigation than aro tho people of another, but the explanation is to be found in the fact that tho conditions of litigation vary exceedingly. Going to law iu England is very expensive business, for it entails outlays in the form of costs and expenses so largo that many of tho courts aro practically closed to persons of modest means, and a long litigation unsuccessfully pursued ends often in bankruptcy. In Franco the number of lawsuits is kept down through tho general practice of "arbitration," as many aa 100,000 cases in a year, especially those arising from disputes over Wages, being settled by this agency without onerous cost to either party. In Germany a great majority of cases are petty ones, involving a small amount of money and due, many of them, to customs or usages which are not sufficiently defined to be, in all cases, similarly uu: derstood by both parties to an agreement. This is especially the case in the farming districts of Germany, and thero aro many legal disputes in tho manufacturing districts too. Tho number of cases credited to the United States seems enormous, but it is probably accurate. There are, for example, 11 district courts for the disposal of civil cases in New York city. In one of these courts, by recent report, the number of actions brought in a year was shown to be 9,100. These courts have before them each year, on the average, 75,000 cases. The cases brought n the state courts of New York amount n a year to about 160,000, and of those jrought in the federal courts Now York \irnishes a very large number. Taking the whole country through, it is seen that the average number of cases per thousand of population is in the neighborhood of 76 to 85. The number of lawyers in the United States is materially larger than in any other country in the world, and the ampunts in dispute here are much greater than elsewhere. —New. York Sun. AUStftlAfo CHRlStMAS CUStOMS. In Lighted IN* the fcnWst Child— 8n- perAtitlceni of the People. Austria they are ^af tictiiarly BUENOS AYRES. Jtyl Not I4ke •^During the reformation the Puritans, fancying that all festivities connected with Christmas were only "popish abominations J' attempted to abolish al. together the Pbeorjasee of the festival, SappiJy this anniversary survived «U mwrpw winded .pereloutione, ssd permanent Argentine's Capital Is the Qneen of the Southern Hemisphere. Tho omniscient Whitaker, under the heading "British Possessions In Aus- tralasia," states that Melbourne, with its suburbs, contained on Dec. 81, 1894, an estimated population of 444,883 inhabitants, "being the most populous city in the southern hemisphere." We have always understood Rio do Janeiro* and : Buenos Ayres to be also, in the southern hemisphere, and, oddly enough, Whitaker himself gives larger figures for both of these cities than for Melbourne. The remark is probably one that haa been at some time true and has been carried on from year to year. In any ease, tho results of 'the census establish iucontestably the claim of Buenos. Ayres to be the greatest city of Sotith America and of the southern hemisphere. With allowance for imperfections in the execution of the census, inseparable from the way in which it was carried out, the figure 055,688 may be taken as practically correct, and no other city in this half of the world can lay claim to possessing within 100,000 of this number of inhabitants. The population of Buenos Ayres is thus larger than that of any city of the United Kingdom, except London and Glasgow. It is considerably larger than that of Liverpool or Birmingham, and it is only about 50,000 less than the combined populations of Manchester and Sajford, Of the great cities of Europe only Paris, Berlin, Vienna, St, Peters' burg, Consiantinople and MOSOQW surpass Buenps Ayres, and in Nprth America P«ly Now Yprk, Brooklyn, Chicago and Philadelphia. Ourqity is the second city of the Latin world, surpassing Mad- t yid, Naples and Rome in Europe and Rip Jaueirp, Santiago, Lima and'Mexi ieo in $£ new wprjd. The rate of grpwth is HQ less remarkabjf than tbs actual eij56f fpr in the Jast eight years Rue»Q8 Aypes. h,as thoughtful of the bringer of the gifts and joy. The people place lighted candles in their windows, that the Christ Child, in passing through the city or village or along the country toad shall not stumble and fall. A belief in the special presence of evil spirits duting Chtisttnastide and iiJ their efforts to interfere with and lessen the joys of the season prevails thioughout Eiii-ope. Tho bugbeai- "Ruprecht," under different names and in numerous varying disguises and in strange antics, plays a conspicuous part among the Germans and surrounding peoples. In Tyrol the terrible "Klanbacf" accompanies St. Nicholas and is continually hovering about his path ready to kidnap naughty children. In Austria this monster is very terrible in appearance, going about With Clanking chains and hideous devil's mask. He is frequently heard nt night as he flies through the air and his rattling chains are giving notice of his presence. In many places there is tho belief that Wolves roam the earth on the night before Christmas and create great havoo in destroying vines and other property, and even human beings. This belief has made an excuse for a means of mischievous frolic. Men and boys frequently disguise themselves as wolves and go about frightening the people.—New York Herald. Tho White Christ of Norway. Norwegian children look for their Christmas gifts through the White Christ, who, gliding through frosted pine forests, upon Christmas eve, pays his mysterious visit, and ia, to all intents and purposes, their realization of a St. Nicholas. Upon Christmas night the boys, wearing white surplices and paper caps, enter the room where guests aro assembled. One holds a paper lantern in the form of a star, the interior being lit by a piece of candle fixed on tho wooden bar, upon which the star revolves. Another carries a square frame with panels of glass, within which a lighted candle or two reveals two objects, one being a doll dressed as the Madonna. This figure sits beside the other object, a cradle containing a baby doll. Through the bottom of the frame runs a little appliance which imparts a rocking motion to the cradle. The two boys bearing the star and cradle take position at the end of the room, their companions on either side. Then tho star revolves, the cradle rocks gently to and fro, and a carol is sung. This is the Christmas mystery of the Star of Bethlehem and the Christ cradle.—New York World. GREAT SALE -OF- RAILROAD LANDS! —IN— Southern Minnesota, i. In tho Fertile Mim^sota Valley. These rich prairie lands are dark loam soil and arc Very productive. This partof Minnesota.is well settled and has school houses and churches. These lands arc located near THK IOWA COLONY, iioarTaun- ton, Minn.,,a bright new town and first- class locations for all kinds of business. Blue Joint hay grows in abundance on tho upland prairie, making it a fine stock country. We arc scllingthese choice orai- ne lands on very easy terms at prices ranging from S7.no to $13.50 per acre. One- fifth cash and (i per cent interest, titles perfect and no payment the second year. 1 wo years to make second payment and the crops will pay for tho land. Wo rebate round trip fare to purchasers of loo acres over the Northwestern Line. 50,000 Acres of Fine Selected Lands At $ 1 O to $ 1 3 Per Acre. 100 CHOICE IMPROVED FARMS f °i;,sale on easy terms at $14 to 817per acre within 8X to 5 miles of tt. R. towns, also several section farms and 12 sections of wild land. Wo also havo some finely improved farms near R. R. stations at from $10 to $18 per acre on easy terms. G. F. HOLLOWAY, Agt. BANCROFT, IOWA. NSW YORK, A JteUgioVis< Literary and Faihi paper. Undenominational, untiased and impartial A paper Cor clergymen. scholars, toftcliers, businessmen and families. It discusses every topic of thc/rifty— ieltgl- otis, theological, political, literary, social, artistic and scientific. Tts contributed articles are by tliemostcmtncnt writers of the . En# H s h language. iti ern l' lc) y* specialists and ° f lte> A paper particularly fitted for lawyers doctors, clergymen, those engaged in business. young- people of both sexes-men ami women who rcatl and think for themVleve". i£ p t ai T!' e ?U ccla "y valuable for those in- torested in I'Mne iirts, Science, Music A paper for .SnmlaySchobl Woihfei-stlioso A°«a tt «^ l V Fll i P i" 1 V 0a 'T 1 , en »*;»»«'«» Wants, A i.rtpcr for the family, oUt and yottnjj. IMPORTANT, t , 1 ^V 11Klm)Kl ; ENI)K NTUrinoiin(;esto ^ etib- ?£ H A ( Y 1> ?- IU1<1 to any who may become so, that it Is prepared to furnish any papeTs or mag-ax, ncs published in this country, England, l. ranee and Germany, at a very luwe *" '' lM'uhor's rates. TliH op- only to subscribers of The Upon receiving list of papers or miiga/incs from individuals or react - turnina?? 1 ' l " ostllmitc w111 be Iowa State Horticultural.Society The thirtieth annual meeting of this society will be held in the society rooms-in the Capitol, at Dos Mofnes, on Tuesday, Dec. 10,11,13 and 13,1895. Tho headquarters will be at the Kirkwood hotel, where reduced rate havo boon secured. An unusually full attendance Is hoped for, not only for members, but of all interested in tho advancement of horticulture. Programs will be sent to all applicants by the secretary. See page 19 of Horticultural Report of 1805 for list of liberal premiums offered for winter exhibit of fruits and flowers. M. E. HINKLEY, Prcs't, Marcus, Ia. J. L. BUDD, Sec'y, Ames, Ia. °' or al that rat6 of jive $3.oo each. "TRIAL TRIP" one Month 25c. Specimen Copies Free. THE INDEPENDENT P. O. box 2787. 130 Fulton St., New York. NOTICE OF ADMINISTRATOR. The undersigned, having been appointed administrators of the estate of J. J. Wilson, decoaHncl, will continue the business as heretofore. LBNETTE W. BUTLEB. H. J. WILSON. x Land of Thor and Odin. Scandinavia is truly the land of the Ynle log, of Christmas stories and legends of Thor and Odin. Then is the time for skating, sledging, dancing and a general frolic.; It is customary for every member of the family to take a bath on the afternoon preceding Christmas, and ofttimes it is the only thorough bath that is received during the year. When-the eve comes, the Biblo is read in nearly every household and family service is held. In many villages candles ore left burning in the windows all night to give light to Kristine, who brings the gifts. It is also the custom to set, a cake of meal out in the snow as a_ Christinas offering. Tho birds of the air are thought of, and a sheaf of wheat is placed on a polo in front of each house to provide them with food.— Kansas'City Times. , ( ,— Wassailing; the Trees. An entirely honored custom practiced at Christmas time was one entitled "wassailing the trees." This was usually Ihe prelude to drinking enormous quantities of spiced wine, 'ale, brandy, mixed with toast and fruit. A pail filled with cider, in which a cake had been immersed, was fastened to an apple tree, the ceremony being accompanied by much dancing and incantation. This procedure was calculated to materially increase the fruit bearing powers of the orchard. The merrymakers retired singing: c Our tpaet, it is white; our ale, it is brown: Wassai}, wassail, all over town, Oq,F %PWl, it is made of a maple tree. We t>8 good fellows all; I drink to tbee, —St, kouis Post-Dispatch. $200 GIVEN FOB SEI,1IN0 A NEW BOOK 1JY TAMIAGE. In another .part of our paper you will notice an advertisement of the 'R. H. Woodward Co., Baltimore, Md. They are making a m jst generous offer of .?200. and also other liberal inducements to anyone who will sell their new book,"Goms of Religious Thought" by Talmage. This book has just recently been issued, but is having a great sale. Agents often sell from 10 to 15 copies a day. They also advertise their book "Talks to Children about Jesus." This book has been out several years, and over 1 {50,000 copies have been sold, and is pue of the most popular books of its kind ever published. They give liberal inducements on this also, and their agents arc making handsome profits.in selling both of these books. Write them at once. ; Yarns, German knitting, Spanish- and Saxony in a variety of colors at, jobbers prices, at the Grange Store. MEN NOT' NECESSARY. Peiman- ent positiops guaranteed. Salary and* ,P .Expenses or liberal commission, (ray weekly.; bpecial advantages to beginners. Stock complete with .fast-selling specialties:' Address, is reliable.) 6-18 One Cent a Copy. The twice a week edition of the Sioux City Journal, issued on Tuesday and Friday of each week, containing the verv latest telegraphic news and complete market reports fresh from the wires at. time of going to press, will be sent to any address at the following cash in advance rates: One year si.oo Six months 59 Three months 35 Sample Copies, free. Address, Perkins gros. Co., Publishers, Sioux City, Iowa. i-,t iot i^noL^ 0 i™ 1 r! I i eri «r 0 t i l ?? tl .'P r Special Ofler made on this great Standard Dictionary h,S?7h C n,?P^'?« a P ft l«o. World's Knowledge. Wo fully intended to advance tho price on October ir JJ Lop,?i P «?H People in till walks of life Have requested an extension of time until Christmas. °L =^,lf°",f d ± r K, tlon> wo "»ve decided M continue oiir Special Offer until the above date. This n™ aim.,1,, „„.< only Q S „ means of udvmiBinK this wonderful storehouse of information. We do ,.„.« •<*„ nann ~~ Vidf? an °y° y.th s otter, us the very low price on extremely liberal terms little more that* 'iff mnri«r P n ' P I I ?rt"," 1 , bln '- Un S : l>ut the tremendous amount of talk created will help to advertise this . - mu^S?n 0f »? ,,» p ; H te l j°" 10 , 1 ' elo r eilco library. No advertisement can do the work Justice; it is. n nioft»SSpp e tS?,n «fv?l v S? a ^- R , ecentl J adopted by the achools of St. Louis, Mo., and many other cities, n preference to all other dictionaries and encyclopaedias. It Is equal to a college education. FOR A CHRISTMAS GIFT NOTHING COULD BE BETTER.) , friend, parents, or your children will appreciate this great work beyond expres* time anil always give satisfaction, No business or professional man, teacher^u- "j or any other person who wishes to keep abreast of the times, or who is interi •prise of self-education, can afford to allow this rare opportunity to pass without iderstand, this great work embodies all t ' --"- . !>.»_.*.. »y Tho new and entirely up-to-the-timea r , ri, i , . tllG ,, rato of 7c. per day, in monthly payments of 82.00 each, Phis Is but little wore than one-third tha regular price. <7""»" <"-"< at ,witk ~ fee, pipe sMtog: 'with *thjf f 'rt»Je. gas . !$P9 JHWl, _ier alone. /' JF?*f*T* MUfltffift- '> Tff*.«*B«4*w *w hjM*»y ft;,Glfl' vftoaur m tab raattpt' ' u ""'flpWrtWS tf.ftfRMwh.fty' a . IniirAit mi/3 o4*. _4*ltA ^l7i*t«'114*i*« v $£'3 K , 4. VwfW yQB want to buy a. e a naefai Qkvif$* O f opal 'fop gome, fibrinl T fK7, M .»> fi-, • *?..« v *r>K WPW Yorfe's Wiwr T»wnpl. Tberg is ik big J^ple un^p -north »iyw ow day ftwpJ iag to ! tVA bQl§9 tor,04 Jronj ejtjjef -|,w,W9b W J$W, Jiijl p| w», ~ta)] ' Time Christmas Dishes, In o%a times tfae plum poryjdge was partaken of at the begisning pf the din- per, ogpupying the soup course, {^4 the wince QP ebped pjes wer^ eve* popular. In eb-apg they are often slightly qvaj as well a,§. rgpBd, and our grandmothers Ml TJS tfeis oyaj, shape wag to'resewbje «n4 rema us of QMti's qpadle, fo is etiU ft very popj^w «sd B§|9ffl to offer flB)Jnoepi§ to ev§ry,g|J}8r, % fQp every pie eaten un,. dey »j(|Jffer^ti jfQof represent^ 8 happy year, W,he» * a ° ff d of ths 't this special offer holds good only until Christmas Eve, at which time the price will be advanced to $42 to $70 per set, and ' tion frww these prices will for sale In boot ft9fM|«MlQ4ftf; oito MMfctati from >-» • jro's'ai^babQ^HlBftnH'iii l tV,o'ofnll ' .t>tl' m.-* i- ™ ~,—^B^^TJ ^3, ^ T^, "fis-WPfc indeed ?itt»w -JfeNrt 4)Wt "--'CW/ M l^s^PTT^S^Sgf WV y-wpt jwi^ ^>«W5 a '3 ^BMsajSi.W-.i smm\ K^mmmm^w DM1 a no ntA A^OC r>aniv»Gi

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