BLYWITILH (ARK.) COURIER WKWg Marskdtese Are Fearful A-Tests Might Force Them from Homes EDITOR'S NOTE — The March 1 explosion of the hydrogen bomb feared Japanese fishermen and ihowered radioactive ash upon three atotto charted ** safe. The Associated Press sent correspondent William J. Waufh to the Marshall Islands to get the residents' views. To- day'* article telte of the feelings underlying the appeal of the "poisoned people" to the United Nations. The story was delayed by censorship in the U. S. Defense and State Departments and Atomic Energy Commission. By WILLIAM J. WAUGH MAJURO, MARSHALL ISLANDS, May 29 (AP) — There was a certain eloquence to the letter. Dwight Heine dropped it in the mailbox here April 22 and sent it winging across the 7,500 miles between these coral islands and the glass and stone headquarters of the United Nations. The letter was signed by parliamentary representatives of the cit- iienc of the Marshall Islands. It said: "We feel that we must follow the dictates of our consciences to bring forth this urgent plea to the United Nations ... We request that all the experiments with lethal weapons within this area be immediately ceased." H these experiments are "ab- aolutely necessary for the eventual wen-being of all the people of the world.," then it urged better pre-' cautionary measures and adequate compensator for uprooted citizens. The Marshall Islands, scene of If. S. atomic experiments, are occupied by the United States under * trusteeship from the United Nations. With a population of 11,000, the"islands are a group of low- lying atolls. All residents of Bikini and Eniwetok atolls were removed from them several years ago so atomic tests could go forward. Then, in the March 1 test of the hydrogen bomb, 45 persons on Rongelap Atoll suffered radiation burns from falling ash. The 236 residents of Rongelap and Utirik atolls were evacuated on a temporary basis. The Marshaftewe are scared. But after talking with them for 10 days, I feel they are most concerned lest 4be atomic tests force them to lose their home lagoons. They put the gist^of their fears and hopes into the petition they »ent to the United Nations in April; it is to come before the Petitions Committee of the U. N. Trusteeship Council late in June. "We spent a month working on it," said Heine, spokesman for the committee that originated it/ "We purpotely did not let Mr. Neas (Maynard Neas, acting district administrator) or other Americans know about it. We were afraid they would get into trouble." Heine was on a trust territory •hip at Xwajalein the day of the hydrogen explosion. "Water around the ship seemed to shake," he said, "There were several explosions that went 'wham wham.' " The ship arrived at Utirik next day. "We were met by many canoes," Heine reported. "The first question they asked was 'Is there a war on?' The people said they saw something like flames or shooting stars but too low to be shooting stars. They said children cried and hid in the bush." Heine later learned that Ronge- lap and Utirik atolls had been contaminated. He began, with other native leaders, to work on the protest. Heine is superintendent of the Marshall Island schools. He and Atlan Anien, a teacher, were chief draftsmen of the petition. '•It taxed me and Atlan to write it," said Heine. "We worked every day for nearly a month. We would meet with other Marshallese and put down their ideas. Then we would make a rough draft. "I thought we had too many 'dangers' in it. So I looked through the dictionary and decided on •lethal.' " Heine is 35, with dark skin and bushy hair. He went to mission schools, and worked for the U. S. Navy as a guide and interpreter in World War H. "We like the Americans," Heine declared. "We petitioned Congress with 2.000 names to have you (the United States) stay here." He says the petition implies no lack of confidence in the trust territory government — that Americans here felt responsible for what happened March 1. This was borne ou by Neas ,the acting district administrator, who commented: "I believe officials of the nuclear tests should, have given adequate and timely information to the natives so they could protect themselves. To my knowledge this was not done." Dr. Dunham Kirkham of Avoca, N. Y., trust territory doctor for the Marshalls, said: "It's tough on these people. They seem a little distrustful of our promises. They are thinking of Bikini." BALTIMORE (IP) — George Edward Grammer, once a prosperous New York businessman, dropped to his death from Maryland's gallows early today for the murder that was almost a "perfect crime." The state accused Grasnmer of beating to death his 33-year-old wile on a sultry August night in 1952 so he could be free to marry a pretty United Nations secretary- Grammer admitted he killed his wife, but he claimed he hadn't planned the crime. The body of the mother of three litle girls was found in an automobile, smashed by a wild, careening d&ve down a Baltimore hill. \ Police found a pebble lodged beneath the accelerator to force it into an open position. Their alert discovery led to a trail of damning evidence and the 37-year-old New Yorker's ultimate conviction. Grammer earned $660 a month as office manager of the Climax Molybdenum Co. It was testified at his trial that he had an "almost unlimited" expense account. State prosecutors put into evidence love letters Grammer had written to Mathilda Mizibvocky, of Hamilton, Ont. a vivacious brunette employed by United Nations. He loved her and wanted to marry her. state prosecutors argued. They produced testimony that the two spent at least one week together in a swank Chicago hotel on Grammar's fancy expense ac- count. She testified she never knew he was married. The burl$y, six-footer went to his death without a trace of emotion. Shoe Remains The Rev. Benjamin Blubaugh, a Methodist minister, was with Grammer all day from 9 a.m. until shortly after midnight, when he accompanied the condemned man to the gallows. In the execution chamber, a bleak room with a high ceiling, Grammer was stoic to the end. He raised his head and closed his eyes as the hood was dropped over his face. • He made the drop of six feet and six inches at the end of the state's rope with their litany audible in the background. There were signs of life from the husky 200-pounder for a full four minutes. He was pronounced dead 13 minutes alter the final plunge. His body was placed in a stark white stretcher and delivered to relatives. A slipper from his left foot, dislodged in the fall, remained behind on the brilliantly lighted floor. Saboteur Ruins Nary Equipment PASADENA, Calif. <VP)—One thousand capacitors or condensers, manufactured for Navy radar equipment, were ruined by a sabo- 'teur yesterday with an ordinary salt shaker. HopKins Engineering Co. plant officials said they believe a disgruntled employe did the $500 damage- Salt was sprinkled on two cartons of capacitors at the plant. A salt shaker was found nearby. The condensers are so sensitive that salt alters the electric capacity of the paper that separates lay- rs of aluminum foil in them. Signs Leachville Boy Attends Aquatic Training School LEACHVTLLE— Tommy Hipp, son of Mr- and Mrs. G. A. Hipp of Leachville, was one of the Arkansas Boy Scouts appointed to the National School of Aquatic Training at Osage, Mo., from May 29 to June 5. . Boy Scouts from 17 states and South America was Hended. Tommy is now at Cedar Valley at Hardy where he is serving as aquatic director for the six weeks that Boy Scout camp is in session. warn against bringing salt into the building. Police Search Ohio Farm For More Bodies 2 Found in 6 Days Buried at Home of Former Mental Patient COSHOCTON, Ohio (ff> — Central Ohio authorities, fearful of what their search might produce, planned today to return to the farm of a former mental patient which has yielded two bodies in the past six days. Last Saturday the body of Clyde Patton, a 28-year-old Fresno School teacher and part-time auto salesman, was found in the plowed furrows of a field' on the farm of Cletus Reese, 36. Police said Patton had disappeared after demonstrating a car to Reese June 2. Reese, • a husky, barrel-chested man, was charged with first-degree murder. Authorities said while they were questioning him about Patton's death, Reese told them he killed another man—Lester Melick, 58, of Danville. He later denied it. Head Crushed Yesterday Melick's son, Harry, searching for his father's body, noticed an unusual contour in the land about 200 yards from Reese's house. Sheriffs from Coshocton and Knox Counties dug at the spot. Out of a shallow grave came the body —not of Melick who had been missing since last Nov. 28, but of another unidentified man. The head had been crushed, like Patton's. Taken to the grave to look at that body, Reese was impassive. Paul Cochran, sheriff of adjoining Knox County, said Reese first was questioned about Melick Saturday, told him he killed Melick then denied it. At one point, Cochran said, Reese broke down and told him: "This has been going on a long time." He wouldn't say anything more about it, said Cochran. Before the body of Patton. father of four, was found, Reese refused to talk. Later, Reese told Coshocton County Sheriff Gilbert Kempf he killed Patton in a fight, the sheriff said. Actress Has Baby HOLLYWOOD (/P)—A 7^-pound son, Timothy Patrick McNulty, was born yesterday to actress Ann Blyth. Her husband. Dr. James McNulty, an obstetrician, paced a corridor as nervously as any other expectant father. Dr. Bernard Hanley attended at the birth in St. Vincezit's Hospital. George Washington was a member of the House of Burgesses meeting in Williamsburg, Va., for 16 years. LITTLt LIZ— Many a feHow who thought he hod money to bum has hod to sin the oshet to pay M* income tax. PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT NO. 4ft BE IT UNSOLVED by the House of Representatites of the State of Arkansas, and by the Senate; a Majority of all the Members Elected to Each House Agreeing Thereto: THAT THE FOLLOWING IB hereby proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the State of Arkansas, and upon being submitted to the electors of the State for approval or rejection at the next general election for Representatives and Senator. If a majority of the electors voting thereon, at such an election, adopts such amendment, the same shall become a part of the Constitution of the State or Arkansas, towit: SECTION 1. The Executive Department or this State consist of » Governor. Lieutenant Governor. Secretary of State, Treasurer of State, Auditor of State. Attorney General and Commissioner of State Lands, all of whom shall keep their Offices at the seat of Government, arid hold their offices for the term of two years and until their successors are elected and .qualified. SECTION 2. The annual salaries of such State officers, which shall be paid in monthly installments shall be as follows: The Governor, the sum of Fifteen Thousand Dollars ($15,000.00); the Lieutenant Governor, the sum of Three Thousand and Six Hundred Dollars ($3,600.00); the Secretary of State, the sum of Seven Thousand and Two Hundred Dollars ($7,200.00); the Treasurer of State, the sum of Seven Thousand and Two Hundred Dollars ($7,200.00); the Auditor of State, the sum of Seven Thouand and Two Hundred Dollars ($7.200.00): the Attorney General, the sum of Eight Thousand Dollars ($8.000.00); and the Commissioner of State Lands, the sum of Six Thousand Dollars ($6.000.00). SECTION 3. The above mentioned State Officers shall be elected by the qualified electors of the State at large at the time of the regular general election for voting for members of the General Assembly; the returns Of each election therefor shall be sealed up separately and transmitted to the seat of government by the returning officers not later than the last day of November of the year in which the election is held, and shall be directed to the Speaker of the House Of Representatives. The General Assembly shall convene in special session on the first Monday in December of the year in which the members of the General Assembly are elected and shall be in session for a period not to exceed three days, unless called into special session by the Governor. At such session of the General Assembly, and upon both Houses being organized, the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall Open and publish the votes cast and given for each of the officers hereinbefore mentioned, in the presence of both Houses of the General Assembly. The person having the highest number of votes for each of the respective offices shall be declared duly elected thereto; and shall immediately begin his term of office; but if two or more shall be equal, the highest In votes for the same office, one of them shall by chosen by a. Joint vote •of both Houses of the General Assembly, and a majority of all the members elected shall be necessary to a choice. Lowest Pric Big-Car luxury and'Performance^ at the lowest Price of off The deter you comport values the more certainly you'll see that Pontiac is far and away the standout buy on automobile row. In *ize and weight alont Pontiac offers you more car per dollar than a like amount ever bought before. And that's important, because that long wheelbase is the reason for comfort, riding eaae and readability unapproached within hundreds of dollar of Us modest price. On the toad a Pontiac is always restfully smooth, steady and quiet. Your hands or the wheel are free of jarriogroad shocks. You round corners on an even keel . • • *ui«e without tiring for hours on end. And along with these big-car features you get remarkable saving*. Economy is, of course, exceptional. First cost k the least for any big, luxury automobile—wit/lire a few dollars of the loweM-priced can. Our trade-in appraisals are •otably l«r§e «ad Pontiac's resale value ranks the high** in the industry. Come in for fee* afcwt l*iV» »•« lUrtJing value. DOLLAR FOR DOLLAR YOU CAN'T BEAT A PONTIAC NOBLE GILL PONTIAC, INC. 5th & Walnut Blytheville, Ark. SECTION 4 The General Assembly shall meet in regular session of sixty (60) days, which need not be continuous, at the seat of government every two years on the first Monday in February or each odd numbered year untiJ said time be changed by law. The members of the General Assembly shall receive as their salary the sum of Twenty-four Hundred Dollars ($2,400.00), except the Speaker of the House 61 Representatives, who shall receive as his salary Twenty- five Hundred and Fifty Dollars ($2.550.00). for each period of two (2) years payable at such time and in such manner as the Genera) Assembly may determine; and in addition to such salary the members of the General Assembly shall receive Ten Cents (lOc) per mile for each mile traveled in going to and returning from the seat of government over the most direct and practicable route; and provided, further that when said members are required to attend an extraordinary or special session of the General Assembly, they shall receive in addition to salary herein provided, the sum of Twenty Dollars ($20.00) per day for each day they are required to attend, and mileage, at the same rate herein pro- Tided. SECTION 5. There Is hereby created a Joint ad Interim committee of the General Assembly to be selected from its membership, as may be provided by law, for the purpose of conducting research into governmental problems and making audits of State agencies. The General Assembly shall fix the amount of per diem and expenses of committee members and the compensation and expenses of the committee's emoloyees. SECTION 6. ((a) The General Assembly shall from time to time provide for the salaries and compensation of the justices of the Supreme Court and for the salaries and expenses of the judges of the Circuit and Chancery Courts of this State; provided, that such salaries and compensation of the justices of the Supreme Court and the salaries and expenses of the judges or the Circuit *nd Chancery Courts snail not be less than now provided by law. (b) rue uenerai Assembly shall oy law determine the amount and method of payment of salaries to the Commissioners of the Workmens* Compensation Commission; provided, that the salary of any Commissioner shall not be less than now provided by law. (c) xne General Assembly shall by law determine the amount and method of payment of salaries of county officials. Nothing herein shall be construed as abrogating any right of the people as the State' of Arkansas under the Initiative and Referendum pro- FRIDAY, JUKI It ,19?* visions of the Constitution or the stated) That Section 23 of Article XIX or the Constitution and Section 2 of Amendment IX to the Coutitution of the"State of Arkansas be and the same are hereby repealed. SECTION 7. That Section 39 ol Article 7 ol the Constitution of the State or Arkansas is amended to read as follow: ••.for every five hundred electors there shall be erected one justice or the peace, but every township however small, shall have two justices of the peace." SECTlv^> a. THIS arr-.endifcent shaW be in force upon its adoption and shall not require legislative action to put it into force and effect. Approved: March 26. 1953. C. G. HALL Secretary of Stat* ALUMINUM Half - Full - Shade SCREENS "Made in Blytheville" Aluminum Storm Windows KNOP 633 "SE Parkway Phone 3-4233 WtWELLER SOUR MASH KENTUCKY SIS/US? BOURBON WHISKS .-t 14,600,000 tiny windows... open for your cool comfort That's more windows than there are in a block full of skyscrapers . .. and all of them right in the weave of your WXIf WEAVE* BENGAUNE summer suit! Some 2,600 pores ventilate every inch of handsome, minutely-ribbed fabric. And by reversing the twist in certain threads, still more "breathing spaces" are created where the yarn* interlace! Special warm weather construction matches the lightweight fabric. Styled by ft HART SCHAFFNER &MARX in the new teli-and-trim Trend model.
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