Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa on January 29, 1965 · Page 16
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Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa · Page 16

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Algona, Iowa
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Friday, January 29, 1965
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Page 16
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CONGRESS WAS NEVER ASKED TO DECLARE WAR THOUGH WE ARE FIGHTING THURSDAY, JAN. 18, 1965 W, C Dewel 18754965 When a good man dies there arc many memories that come to those he has left behind. This is particularly true with one who has been a newspaper editor, for such is the conscience of a community. There arc many incidents in the life of the late W. C. Dowel that could be told. He made advantages of being one-armed since a boy. deaf for more than 50 years — things which in some might be considered disadvantages. He didn't lack courage, one of the necessary attributes of an editor, shown in little and big things. Once he ordered a good advertiser out of the office for daring to try to dictate news policy because he was an advertiser. But maybe it was exemplified more in the early 1920s when the Ku Klux Klan raised its ugly head in Kossulh county. It was spreading like wildfire. The Advance obtained and published, with picture, the record of the chief organizer in the county, a record which woke some people up. Others it made marl — and it was nip and tuck for a while whether the Advance and its owner would be physically attacked. There were attempts to curtail advertising — a few successful it may be said. Hut as tempers cooled the real nature of the Klan was seen by all but a few zealots, and the back of that unsavory organization of that time was broken. Like so many others, too often unsung, he was content to do a good job for the community in which he lived, and like so many others loft, it a better place for those who follow. Unicameral proposal Friday's Des Moines Register editorially discussed a suggestion made by Senator Elthon for study of a unicameral (one- house) legislature. In its discussion the Register made some .statements which are certainly open ,to debate. Elthon is described by the Register as not being a starry-eyed political dreamer, which is true. But a suggestion the unicameral be considered by Elthon was certainly not typical of him either. THE REGISTER concludes the unicameral will make a good deal of sense. This statement is dogmatic, and in fact will not •make much sense if the American form of government is to be continued into the future. The American form of representative government is based on two houses in the legislature for good reasons. One house is to directly represent the people as individuals — one man one vote. The other house is to represent people in larger and different groups or units with many interests and is designed to get a broader consideration than that given by the narrower consideration of the population house. To cut out this second look in the legislative function would make the legislature wave with the current fancy or hysteria of the people of the moment. The smaller house under the two-house system with a longer term can afford to wait out such storms and provide a better consideration of proposals. THE REGISTER said a one-house legislature can deal with legislation more quickly and efficiently than a crowded two-house body. That may be true — but if carried to its logical conclusion — if efficiency and quickness is the only criteria — then a one- man legislature would be much more efficient and quick than a 35-man house as discussed by the Register. ONE THING NOT understood by those who have never made a political race is shown by the Register's statement "Better men can be expected to run." That is a long way from the facts of political life, and a lot of good men have tired of the hectic political race and quit because they couldn't face the headaches and work of running even in Iowa's small districts and counties. Candidates in a 35-man house would have a tremendous number of people to contact and a large area. On the one man one vote theory an Iowa district would consist of some 80,000 people. Men of ability arc too busy with their own affairs to take the tremendous time to contact such a large number of voters — even in a city — let alone in the rest of Iowa where travel would be a big item. THE HARD FACTS of political life arc that good men even now refuse to make the race. They must travel too much and contact too many people. Too often they are faced with an opponent who has no great stake in his own life and can take the time. And often they are faced with shoddy politicians in both parties who deal in character assassination. Too often they know their candidacy won't be considered in the heat of battle for president and governor. Many good democrats went down with Stevenson. Many good repubb'cans went down with Goldwater. Their stand or ability wasn't even considered by the voter. The bigger the district in number of people or area' the more a legislator is away from contact with all the people 1 he must; represent. Too large a district drives the good men out. They leave the field to those who have nothing much else to do and the characters with a great cause to promote. It is evident the editorial writers have never faced the rigors of a campaign in which they are a candidate. Such an experience can be quite educational. The Register also said: "Districts large enough to contain both city and country discourage blocs and factions." Anyone who has dealt with congressional district politics will certainly hoot at that statement. It's almost automatic for city vs. rural to develop antagonisms for many reasons, some of them good too! England Defeat of the secretary of foreign affairs in a "safe" election district in England is a shattering blow to the labor government. That government now has a majority of only three votes, too shaky to last long. When the prime minister fails to control his house of commons he must resign in England. It is now easily possible for the loyal opposition at almost any time to muster enough votes to get a vote of lack of confidence. We in this country need a strong government in England. The sooner it comes the better off the world will be. more sales to more people at more times — for' the single purpose of making more money for the sellers. It would be well to let the present law ; continue. The experience so far has not !; indicated any great need for more liberali- } zation as far as the average citizen is concerned. Blame Commutation of a death Is it an illegal 'war' in Viet Nam? 9entence hard decision (Ed Grady in Maquoketa Sentinel) Over the weekend the number of Americans who have sacrificed their lives and sacred honor in faroff South Viet Nam rose to some 248. For what cause? What explanation does the U. S. government give the bereaved relatives—or, for that matter, what sort of an explanation is given the American ocople? Syndicated Columnist David Lawrence says Uncle Sam owes a persuasiveness apoloey not only to the slain GIs' next of kin but to tlio citizenry as well. Mr. Lawrence, who also is editor of U. S. News & World Report, very aptly notes that some one million other servicemen who wear the American uniform are now stationed in 41 different lands. Any day they could be demanded to make similar sacrifices. Under the Constitution—unless the Supreme Court has abridged that particular section in recent days—only Congress is authorized to declare war. While the President, should he find the national safety imperiled, need not wait for Congress to issue such.a directive without congressional approval if time be of the essence, he is obligated to request as soon as possible by resolution of both the Mouse and Senate authorization to continue employing American military personnel. Tile United States involvement in the Viet Namese situation is without precedent in kind. Never before in our nation's history have we had our armed forces engaged in a Viet Namesc type military action against another country. Term it aiding in defensive operations at the request of the local.government, call it a peacekeeping mission or refer to our troops and equipment and a $1 million a day cost to the taxpayers any way one chooses. The simple, stark, unfortunate fact is that the military of the U. S. is engaged in mortal, combat on foreign soil without the expressed consent of Congress. 'Why the Johnson Administration chooses not to bare the truth about the situation in South Viet Nam is anyone's guess. State department officials, as well as the membership of the Senate Foreign Relations committee,, have huddled from time to time for informal and top secrecy talks. These, however, are scarcely adequate substitute for constitutional requirements. if a situation such as apparently exists in Viet Nam is permitted to continue ,as it has been, prospects—foreboding and upsetting though they be—are that an untold number of American servicemen may be called upon to bleed and to expire, in the Congo or other parts of a troubled world as well to quell local disturbances. The executive branch of our government has for too long usurped the perogative of Congress as far as sanction of military action is concerned. The procedure to be followed is clearly outlined in the Constitution. Congress, too, should be made, to approve-U. S. military enforcement.of the United Nations if and when the world body engages in the settlement by force of any. internal outbreak. Any other course is deceptive and unfair to the American people—and a rank injustice when the life and limb of soldiers are at stake. Opponents of Medicare fail to give a good alternative Sweden's test (Paul Smith in Rock Rapids Reporter.) One of the things that disturbed a lot of republicans — and a lot of folks who claim no particular political affiliation— has been the opposition role the party has played — without offering optional programs. In the past, for example, the fight on "medicare" has been carried on strenuously by members of the medical association, by most doctors, and by most republicans. The opposition of these groups in the ;past was sufficient to block such .legislation in former congresses — but this year things look;different. The American Medical Association has now come out with another program — a program of,insurance for older people— those who can not pay it, would be paid by the government. Ultimate cost to the taxpayers, the medical association believes, would be far, far less than a program paid for by a payroll tax, or paid for by social security. We do not know the details of either the so-called "Medicare" program or that rroposed by the A. M. A., but we do believe that the doctors are to be commended for offering a solution to one of the big problems of growing old — and we also believe that a program such as that offered by the A. M. A. would be much more effective, efficient, and less costly than one operated by the government, based on payroll taxes. We hope that the A. M. A. plan to cover hospitalization and pro- groves as acceptable, on further 16. Jossipnal costs in case of illness. . stii<t& ^as. it appears now. Also,., . "There is ^compulsory 'The association says that this program would provide much better coverage for the older people, and would eliminate most of the objections of professional men to "medicare." Cost of the insurance, for we hope that the congress will not go off on another big welfare / spending spree, financed with payroll taxes. Increasing payroll taxes additionally is going to hurt both employees and employers. Two hot issues must be decided by legislature Liquor There is a move in the legislature to liberalize the liquor law passed by the 1963 legislature. Some of the items are not too bad, but most of the proposals go way too far. Repeal of the 10 per cent tax, is asked in one proposal. Frankly the liquor law in 1963 was passed to get state revenue r^- which was the main idea used to promote the passage of the liquor by the drink bill. It now appears this was merely a subterfuge to get the bill passed. The special discount for retailers is a piece of the same cloth which a bill would deny to the individual purchaser. Money is now apparent as the real objective of the liquor interests. Another bill would permit liquor sales on Sundays. This proposal is for everyone, but there is some sentiment for a liberali- Cation for country clubs whose main use is on weekends. One bill would permit a city -or town to continue to have liquor permits even though the county voted dry in an election. sales hours to 2 p.m. is also pro- Barry Goldwater admitted last week what everyone else knew, that he and he alone was responsible for the campaign that failed so miserably last year. Goldwater must be admired for his courage in making such a declaration, for a lot of lesser men would have blamed others or conditions or some excuse. It is probably true that no republican could have won against Johnson, still in the sympathy, thoughts of people following the assassination of Kennedy. But the fiasco was so complete it took down many good republicans who did not deserve to be beaten. In this Goldwater is right in saying it was his fault. It was not only his personal defeat he was taking the blame for — it was also for the defeat of many good public servants. The sad fact is too many people vote a circle for president and don't give a hoot about what they do farther down the line in the political ticket. Furor posed. These proposals are advanced with some laudable objectives in mind such as taking drunk drivers off the highway, and "reifflation." But the real objective is to promote The furor over the redecoration of the office for the lieutenant-governor in the statehouse is mostly political. If the new occupant were not a democrat they would complain just as republicans are now. The lieutenant-governor is the No. 2 man in the state government. The state can afford to have a suitable office for him, and should not be stingy about it either. Maybe there were some irregularities, and bids probably should have been taken. But Iowa's dignity as a state is not enhanced by having a dingy broom-closet spot for ijs $p. 2 citizen no matter what party he belongs to. (Neil Maurer in Laurens Sun) The 61st General Assembly of Iowa, now in session at Des Moines, faces many problems. Taxation and reapportionment are among the most substantial. There will be new demands for funds, and one of the big problems here will be how to provide additional money for education. Property taxes have already gone up from $284 million in 1957 to $432 million in 1963, with the amount for schools out of the property tax dollar going from $110 million to $243 million. Some think that state aid is the answer, but there is still the problem of raising the money. In addition, there is the question of controls, with a wide range of opinion as to how much control should be exercised over the local schools by the state department of public instruction. Additional state aid is almost sure to bring additional state control. While some problems are decided along party-lines, there is Stop death penalty (Jefferson Herald) The British House of Commons recently by an overwhelming majority did away with capital punishment. It is time the State of Iowa did the same thing. Jf the advocates of capital punishment could offer evidence that it is a deterrent to crime, there could be no logical argument against it—but they cannot. Statistics show that many states have eliminated the gallows and gas chamber. There are two very good reasons why the death penalty should go. In the first place, there is always the possibility that the life of an innocent man will be taken. Oo.ce taken, ijt cajjflQt.be restored. It has happened be- little,,; possibility that this will be true of reapportionment. The cities want reapportionment strictly on a population basis, but legislators from rural areas —are not ready to go all the way along this road. Sub-districting is another issue in connection with reapportionment. Under the temporary plan,now in effect, for instance, Polk County has 11 state representatives elected from the county as a whole. The question is whether the county should be sub-divided so that each person will vote for only one representative, or whether he should be entitled to vote for all 11. Governor Hughes favors sub-districting, but representatives of the larger counties are expected to take the opposite view. These are only a couple of the issues to be considered by the solons, many of whom have had ,no previous legislative experience, There will be more, some of them highly controversial. It proniises to be an interesting session. #>«•: fore.^nd it will happen again. A jeeand : reason, is equally convincing. The capital offen. ders show that only a mere handful of capital offenders actually, -forfeit. -their lives for their crimes. No one with sufficient iiuoney or prestige to hire competent legal counsel is going to end up with anything morei'than imprisonment. It is just tfe e friendless and the poor upon whom this archaic punishment is inflicted. Whenever there is a move to change the law in Iowa, there is organized resistance on the part (Qf .lawrenforcement officials-sheriffs, policemen and county attorneys. Their opinion is not to be taken lightly. They base their argument on the belief th£t criminals will be less likely to take a life if they know 'their ovm raa y be forfeited. This belief just simply can'Utf • subsiiftiJated., plausible though H may s'eem. (Paul Smith in Rock Rapids Reporter) What happens when the state takes over the job of providing for all of the "problems" of living is vividly demonstrated in a recent announcement from Sweden. In that nation, which has gone further than any other "free" nation along the road toward "socialization" of much of its life, the sales tax this year will be boosted from six percent to nine percent. The tax on gasoline, now 60 cents per gallon, will be increased another cent per gallon. (That's right. The TAX per gallon will be 61 cents). Proposed are additional benefits for old-age pensioners and for people with children. "The budget calls for an increase to $180 from $140 in the annual allotment for each child' under 16. insurance for sickness, injury and maternity. Other insurance against unemployment, pensions for orphans, the aged, disabled, and standard children's allowances." Sweden's direct taxes are burdensome too—in addition to the unbelievably high sales tax. An unmarried person with an income of $4,000 per year or less, pays about 35 percent tax on this income. If married and the wife does not also hold a job, the tax is approximately 25 percent of the $4,000. It's fine to have all of these programs—but Sweden's experience shows that taxation becomes very burdensome, to say the least. What's a billion ? (Den Reid in Welt 'Das' Meinel Efcpress) It seems to Us that Governor Harold ..Hughes.,acted with his usual forthrightness in saving a convicted murderer from hanging. It was a hard decision to make, considering .that fTice had killed two. innocent people. We're convinced* that, a (detis) ion of this sort is too much'to ask of any one man. In .the itrul itself, the responsibility ; is tti> vided among twelve members <_of the jury. At one time it: was'.traditional in .some armies, when an execution was necessary, to W. have owe blank shell in the firing squad so that no member could be certain that he had fif* ed one of the fatal bullets. Yet we expect each of oUf governors'to assume the final responsibility even though the fedveriioriis generally neither a trained jjUfist nor is he a men* ber-of ;tfie triar jury. It is a rather awesome j decision, cer* (airily-too .much-to put on any bile individual. Whether or not the death penalty, is abolished, we'd Uke to see Iowa governors relieved of this problem. (W. C. Jarnagin in Storm Lake Register) We read in the papers that President LBJ has submitted the lowest foreign aid proposal since the world war. He is asking for "only 3.6 billion." Without going into a discussion of what Uncle Sam should do in contributing the taxpayers money to foreigners who don't appreciate it, we wonder if you've thought of how much is a billion dollars. Sylvia Porter, who writes financial syndicated articles for city newspapers, had some thoughts on the subject in a recent article. She was speaking of the 100 billion dollar budget proposed by the president. We thought her answers to the question on "how big is $100 billion" were interesting. We reprint only three of her half dozen definitions; here they are: If you had $100 billion and you set out to count it at the rate of $10,000 per minute, eight hours a day, six days a week, it would take you, more than 66 years to finish counting the total. If Julius Caesar (44 B.C.) were still living and trying to spend $100 billion at the rate of $100,000 a day, he wpuld have to live until the year 2697 to get rid of his kitty. If you had $100 billion, you could,give each of our country's 60 million women a mink coat costing'$1,700. Or you could give each of the nation's men an automobile costing about that price. Or you could give each of our country's 75 million children under 20 -years old 240 pairs of $5 roller skates. Editor Emeritus, A Dewel. ,, Julian chrischitles ' AOVANet.lWMCmrTION.RATI One Year In County and to nearest' post office outside of County *s.ou Six months in-County :and to ^nearest' poit office ----- £-£""— "$7 no Year outside County, and to other than nearest outside • P.O.s -- — -V.uu •All -rights to matter published In the 'Aigona -Kossuth- County 'Advance are reserved, including news, feature, advertising or other, and reproduction in any manner is prohibited except by written permission of the publishers of the Algona Kossuth County Advance m each instance. All manuscriots articles or pictures are sent at the owners risK. Professional AND Business Directory Insurance Investments ALGONA INSURANCE AGENCY, J. R. (Jim) KOLP . Surety Bonds,— All Lines of Insurance > 206 'East 'State St. Ph. 295-3176 BLOSSOM INSURANCE AGENCY All Lines of Insurance 109 North Dodge Ph. 295 : 2735 BOHANNON INSURANCE SERVICE 6 North Dodge St. . Polio Insurance Ph. 295-5443 Home—Automobile—Farm KOSSUTH MUTUAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION Over $102,000,000 worth of insurance in .force. A, home Company. Safe, secure. Lola Scuff ham, Secy. HERBST INSURANCE AGENCY For Auto, House, Household Goods, and .Many Other Forms ,Ph. 2953733 Ted S. Herbst RICHARD A. MOEN Representing; FEDERATED INSURANCE Modern one-step .Insurance, Service Business -Home - Car - Life 295-5955 P.O. Box 337 HAROLD SUNDET Independent (Agent . 118 South Dodge Phone 5-2341 RICKLEFS A GEELAN INSURANCE AGENCY All Types of Insurance Ph. 295-5529 or 295,3111 ALGONA INVESTORS Diversified Services, Inc. DONALD V. GANT Phone 295-2540 Box 375 IOWA Chiropractors DR. D. D. ARNOLD Chiropractor 120 N. Moore Mon. -, Wed..-- Fri. 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. Phone 295-3373 W. L. CLEGG, D. C. Sawyer Building 9 East State St. Algona, Iowa Office Hours by Appointment Office Ph. 295-5677 DR. M. R. BALDWIN Chiropractor Office Phone Res. Phone 295-2378 295-3306 Office Hours: Mon. thru Fri. — 8:30-12:00 1:00- 5:00 Saturday morning 8:30-12:00 .Farm Management CARLSON MAHACtMIHT COMPANY 11H N. ••*• •ft. MS-IHI Optometrists Dr. HAROLD W. ERICKSON Eyes Examined, Contact. ., Lenses, Hearing Aid Glasses. 9 East State Street Phone 295-2196 Hours 9:00 a.m, to 5:00 p.m. Closed Saturday Afternoons DR, C. M. O'CONNOR Optometrist Visual Analysis .and Visual Training Contact Lenses 108 So, Harlan, Algona Phone 295-3743 Dr. L. L, SNYDIR 113 East State St. Dial 295,8715 Closed Saturday Credit Services IUMAU *f KOSSUTH COUNTY Collectrite Service Fact bUt Reports 295-3182 AJgona Credit Byreay Federttitn Algona office division of Midwest Credit (Esrporatjen Now Offering The Midwest Credit System (Immediate Ejgc&pnic Crejjit Lass Recovery .Service) with Monthly and Quarterly Reports. Phsnt ' LEON H. LAIRD Farm Management Good management is Good Business 820 So. Harriet Phone 295-3810 Doctors JOHN N. KENEFICK, M. D. Physician and Surgeon 218 W, State Office Phone 295-2353 Residence Ph, 295-2614 CAROL L. PLOTT, M. D. 110 No. Moore Street Practice Limited to Surgery Office Hours by appointment 295-5864 Office 295-5331 Residence MELVIN 6, BOURNE, M. D. Physician & Surgeon 118 No. Moore St. Office Phone/ 295-2345 Residence Ph. 295-2277 DAN L. BRAY, M. D. M. P, Clinic Bldg. 109 W. State St. Algona, Iowa Office Ph. 295,2828 JOHN M. SCHUTTIR, M, D, Residence Phone 295-2335 DIAN F, KOOB, M, D, Residence Phone 295-5917 Physicians and Surgeons 220 N. Dodge, Algona Office Phone 395-549$ Dentists PR J, B. HARRIS JR, Dentist 622 E. Stgte St. Phone 395-2334 DR. LEROY I. STROHMAN ~ Bentjst 116 N. Moore St. Phone Kf VIN NA$H, 0-0.5. 123 E. can AJgonj »e«ee»»»eeeee»eeeeee MM e»e»ee»<

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