The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 30, 1953 · Page 3
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November 30, 1953

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, November 30, 1953
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Page 3
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r PAGE TEN (ARK.) CUUK1KR NWWS MONDAY, NOVEMBKR 80, Use of Wire-Tap Information in Court Subject to Possible Abuse in Future By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON (AP) — The Eisenhower administration is asking Congress to change the law on wire-tapping. The reason: to help the government bring alleged spies to trial. Congress does not return until January. But already there is argument on the Tightness or wrongness of the administration's request, made by Ally. Oen. Brownell. This is the background: There is a federal law on wire- topping, passed by Congress in 1934, which says "no person, not being authorized by the sender shall intercept any communication and divulge or publish the existence, contents, substance, purport, effect or meaning 1 of such intercepted communication to any person." Key word in the sentence is "and." The sentence says wires can't be tapped—ana—the information made public, such as in a federal court trial of the person whose wire has been tapped. Not Local The law has nothing to do with state or city statutes on wire tapping, so what is said here applies to federal courts. The Supreme Court, in a couple of decisions, has ruled: 1. Wiretap information can't be used in court to convict anyone. 2. Even if the government uses wire taps only for leads in gathering further information, this information can't be used in court to convict anyone. But one attorney general after another, including Brownell, has interpreted the law as permitting wiretapping by the government even though Uie wiretap information cannot later be used at a trial. For that reason, the FBI has tapped wires of alleged spies and, perhaps, others. Deputy Atty. Gen. William P. Rogers has frankly Bald the government has been tapping wires at least since 1940. It is hardly a secret that the FBI tapped wires of some of the government employes alleged to have been spying for Russia, during the Roosevelt-Truman administrations. But the law prohibits using this kind of information in court., National Security Cases The Eisenhower administration is asking Congress to change the law just a bit. That ls f not only to permit the FBI to continue tapping wires but to allow use of such evidence In court in cases Involving national security. National security is a wide term and might in the future (urn out to mean much more than espionage, although spies may be all the Eisenhower administration has SHE DRIVES US CRAZY. TOO -Lovely Marilyn Monroe has been described as an agent of Communist-hunter Sen Joe McCarthy by an East German weekly magazine. Describing the pretty screen stai as a 'suoer-blnnde oUenslve against culture," the Communist weekly, apparently unhinged by the blonde bombshell's impact, alleges Marilyn Is being employed 10 help Americans forget the tribulations of life in the U. S. The article is accompanied by illustrations. Arizona Polygamists Face First Court Test KINGMAN, Ariz. </P) —Arizona's case against' the Short Creek polyg- amlsts comes up for its first big test here today. Twenty-seven of the 96 defendants will appear in Mohave County in mind now. . And, under the change asked by Brownell, the kind of information which could be used in a trial would be obtained only when the attorney general, Brownell or ft successor, approved. Some people, concerned ab'/Ut this addition to federal power, oppose the proposed change on the grounds that: 1. This is Just one more step toward widening the authority of the federal government to intrude in any individual's privacy. 2. It may result in abuses. For example: hurting an innocent person by making public his conversation on a tapped phone with a man he considered a friend or acquaintance, never realizing he was a spy. But It seems clear that, whether or not the government ever gets congressional permission to use wiretapped information in court, t will continue under the present aw to tap wires where it thinks necessary. Superior Court lor arraignment. How they plead is expected to reflect the strength of the evidence against them. And it also may determine whether the charges will have U) be fought to a final conclusion in the courts. The 27 are all men. The state contends they are the guiding force in the polygamous movement that has dominated the remote community of Short Creek, astride the Arizona-Utah border, for more than 20 years- If they plead guilty cases agalnsi the other flfl defendants—7 men and C2 women—may be settled quickly. All have the same attorney; If they plead lnnocent l a long court fight Is anticipated. Two previous attempts to crush the ^olygimiists, in 1936 and 1944 failed. Some of the cases were carried to the U. S. Supreme Court. All of the accused are chargec: with conspiracy to commit the crimes of adultery, statutory rape bigamy, open and notorious cohabitation, contributing to the delinquency of minors and marrying the spouse of another. Arizona authorise a malntair some of the men had as many as six wives- The dcfenrinnts were arrested In FARM MACHINERY AUCTION SALE! FRIDAY, DEC. 4-10a.m. JONESBORO, ARKANSAS ON HIGHWAY 1 NORTH, BETWEEN SHOE FACTORY & STATE COLLEGE 3 5 - TRACTORS - 3 5 ALL MAKES AND MOELS ONE WILLYS JEEP & ONE 1950 PLYMOUTH TRACTOR EQUIPMENT- • PLOWS • DISCS • CULTIVATORS • MOWERS • ROTARY HOES • HAY BALERS • COMBINES • CORN PICKERS • PLANTERS HORSE-DRAWN EQUIPMENT LOTS OF IT — NEW AND USED! IF YOU NEED ANY EQUIPMENT OR TRACTORS, ATTEND THIS SALE. ALL ITEMS MUST GO. WE NEED THE SPACE IT OCCUPIES. TERMS: CASH COL A. T. SANERSON, AUCTIONEER FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, SEE OR CALL BRIDGER TRACTOR CO. JONESBORO. ARKANSAS a predawn raid by a giant police force last July 26. Complaints had Take pity, please, on uncle. Take lime to pick his tie. Quickly-chosen neckwear In the drawer will die. Clear-Cut Nation Policy on Air Power Sought WASHINGTON f/P)—Dewitt C. Ramsey, president of the Aircraft Industries Assn., says the time has conifi for a clear-cut, long range national policy on air power. Writing in the association's publication Planes, Ramsey said yesterday military aircraft output is now at a peak of 1,000 planes a month. But hs said a downward trend is likely beginning next year and builders are worried about the future. "In view of the history of chotic demobilizations which have followed previous expansions of the aircraft industry." he said, "it would seem apparent today that action is long overdue in establishing a long-range aircraft procurement program which would insure a sound production base for future emergencies." been prepared in advance, based on information obtained in a secret 2B-month investigation. The Latter-Day Saints Mormon Church long ago excommunicated the Short Creek "fundamentalists-" CBS Called On Carpet By FCC WASHINGTON W)—The Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) and J. Elroy McCaw of Centralia, Wash., are under orders to show cause why the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) should not require them to get rid of some radio stations they own. The commission acted under a rule It had Just announced—that no one may have even a minority financial Interest in more than five television or more than seven radio stations. The five and seven limitation previously had applied only to controlling interests. An FCC spokesman said other radio and TV station owners were being checked to determine whether they exceed the limit. The orders give CBS and McCaw until Dec. 31 to reply. If it is determined they must dispose of some stations, they would be allowed three years to do so. CBS controls six radio stations and has minority Interest in three others. McCaw has whole or partial central of tlve and minority holdings in three more, | CBS now owns stock in five TV stations, but has interests in companies which have applied for channels for three more. Ike Thanks Cobbler NEW YORK W> — Cobbler John Porio has a nice thank-you note from President Eisenhower. Porio delivered a pair of fancy P6S ' t MISS HAP-TWs truly "striking" statue in West Berlin is an eye-catching reminder to motorists to drive safely. Carved from a tree which formerly grew in the middle of a street, and off which motorists bounced with regularity, the statue is placed well back from toe curb. President Truman, which took faster~than"a similar"pair""for"forl'him four years to finish. Con Man Cons Self to Freedom NEW YORK W— A suspected confidence man "canned" himself right out of Jail. James Brit'gs, 39. arrested last Oct. 15 us a fugitive from grand larceny charges in Newark, N. J., and Detroit, was missed yesterday at city , prison. Authorities said this it v/tat happened-; The prisoner keeper receives WOO bail for Herbert Brown. 13, Brlggs' cellmate. At 3 a. m. the keeper called out to Brown to get ready to leave. A few minutes later a voice repli- , ed. "Ready" Shortly' after a priso-,*?, ner walked off. tt was Briggs. Officials said they are investigating to determine whether Brown held on an unlawful entry charge was asleep at the time or if he let Briggs leave in his place. 'Champagne Girl' Reaches 82 PASADENA, Calif. I/P) — Triicie Frigama, who was behind the footlights before the turn of the century, celebrated her 82nd birthday yesterday. The actress, the "Champagne Girl" of a generation ago, spent the day quietly with visiting friends. She was on the stage for 50 years before her retirement in 1939. She came out of retirement, for a stint on the stage during World War II. Once the toast of New York, London, Paris and Budapest, Miss Pri- ganza lives at Plintridge Academy of the Sacred Heart, a Catholic convent school in the hills overlooking Pasadena. A victim of arthritis, she is confined to bed and a wheelchair. California produces more lettuce-^ than all other states combined. NOW!...the leading Company brings you / performance never before possible! MARTIN with T he greatest achievement in our 25-year history! Now, an amazing additive...DCP.. .is blended with Martin Premium to give you a gasoline unexcelled anywhere. Martin Premium with DCP increases power, lengthens spark plug life, prevents cylinder carbon deposits ... gives extra mileage. By preventing deposits in your motor that increase the requirements for higher octane gasoline, DCP enables you to get top power and performance on the octane suggested by the maker of your car. Try a tankful of Martin Premium with DCP today. You'll find that this remarkable gasoline goea to work immediately. Carbon deposits are cleared away.,. your motor has new life, new get-up and go. Continued use of Martin Premium with DCP will keep your motor at peak performance. And you'll enjoy your greatest driving pleasure. •£D*p«irt Control Preparation MARTIN Oil COMPANY, INC. «

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