The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on September 18, 1895 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 18, 1895
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i>, >-;•*,••, H, ALGOM, K)WAr ; WKDNESt>At< SEPTEMBER 18, 1895. away from us, and broke his leg. not knowin' there was a drof) on the far side. He must hate thrown away the bag he carried with the swag, for he left the town with one. but had none when we picked him up." "ts this it* by any chance?" asked George, producing the bag he had found in the garden outside. Ah examination of the contents pfOveci that this was indeed the case; and the thief, when he was confronted With it, confessed that he had thrown it into the garden of the doctor's house as he fan past, thinking that the high Wall Would mark the spot sufficiently for him to return and recover it if he should evade his pursuers. When asked what had become of the Woman who had accompanied him down itt the train, he explained that lie and she had parted on finding themselves pursued and that she had made for the village of St. Placid's. Geofge Llewellyn remained at the doctor's house that night; and, although there was a shyness between Lily, the daughter, and himself, he had a very pleasant chat with his hostj who explained that they had left his old house in the village for the one which they now inhabited. And the shyness between the young people Wore off before George went away on the following day, for this little bit of dialogue passed between them: "It was very stupid of me not to recognize you." "Recognize me) How absurd! Why, when you came here hist, fifteen years ago, you were only ten and I was five!" "Do you think you will recognize me next time I come?" "What, in another fifteen years?" "No, in less than that." "Perhaps I may." And George Llewellyn came again so soon, and comes so often, that the doctor feels sure it will end in his taking Lily away with him. THE END. SALMON tt la Earnestly Recommended Competent Authorities. Unless Something Is bone to JPerpetnata the Salmon Family Ifc 'Will Kecomfc fcttlnct Ulcc tho Briflftito of th(? Special Washington Letter. Hon. Marshall McDonald; the late commissioner of fish and fisheries, was anxious to have national parks or reservations established for the propagation of salmon, and to prevent the extermination oi that pop- tilaf family of fish, in the recently isstied bulletin of the work of the commission In 1892, particular at* tention is paid to this subject. It is stated that not only is every contrivance employed that human ingenuity can devise to destroy the salmon of our West-coast rivers, but more surely destructive, more fatal than all, is the •WHEBB SALMON A11OUNU. HER HALLOWEEN EXPERIMENT. As a Result the Engagement Will Be Announced Shortly. "Oh, Emma," said Ethel, sweetly, to her particular chum, "I have something to tell you, dear." "And I am quite sure that it must be something very nice, judging by your radiant face," replied Emma. "Tell me what it is. I'm just dying to hear." "First tell me something." "Well?" "Did you ever work a halloween charm to find 'out who is to be your husband?" "No, but I've heard of such things. You don't mean to say that you have done anything of the kind?" "Yes. Was it naughty of me?" "Oh, I don't say that, until I have heard what you did. Was your spell successful? Did you actually see a man's face?" Ethel nodded her pretty head vigorously. . '•-... ••.'.• "Oh, who was .the man? But no! Tell me the story just ,as it happened. How did you work, your enchantments?" "Well, it had to be done precisely at midnight, you know." "So I understand." "The charm is this: You take a ripe red apple, and you eat it standing in front of a mirror, finishing it just as the clock strikes the witching hour of midnight." "How perfectly creepy." "And the light must be turned down very low, almost out, you know." "0, you brave girl I I wouldn't have dared do anything like that." "And just as the clock strikes the . last stroke of the midnight hour, the face of your future husband appears in the mirror, over your shoulder." "You went through all that, did you?" "Yes." . "And did you see a face?" "I did, just as clear as anything." »'Whose was it?" "Jack Bellefield's." - "No," , I -. Jes," "How do you account for his face appearing in the mirror instead of some one else's?" "I think it was because Jack wa» behind me at the time, He's going to get the engagement ring in a day or two." .—Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph, - Pesperate, • It is probable' that few musicians ever became famous without wishing, at one time or another, that they might find a refuge from the reputation which precedes them wherever they go, At one time the celebrated composer? Verdi, went to the watering place of Montecatini for a muchrneeded holiday. In one of the apartments assigned to the veteran musician stood, a ' J piano of splendid tone, Verdi removed the score of "II Trovatore," which had been laid on the rack by way of compliment, locked the instru« ment, and called fpr the son of his host, to whom he said, in solemn tones! "kead me to the spot which overhangs the steepest precipice," OB reaching the summiti the maestro, w b° wa s al * most exhausted from fatig»e, flmpg the fcey of the piano into the'fthyee^ay ing, with energy? "Now I bays fl°» e Boohing 1 to secure rest and qwst. p» , the day of my departure I mil tend, ,a locksmith to. PFOYW9 tbj piano wg new key, bu$ while I flJS hejf§ l§t it main as it slow but inexorable march of those de- stroving agencies of human progress, before which the salmon must surely disappear, as did the buffalo of the plains and the Indian of California. "The helpless salmon's life is gripped between these two forces, the murderous greed of the fishermen and the white man's advancing civilization, and what hope is there for the salmon in the end? Protective laws and artificial breeding are able to hold the first in check, but nothing can stop the last." This statement is supplemented by the inquiry: "What was it that destroyed the salmon of the Hudson, the Connecticut, the Merrimac, and the various smaller rivers of New England, where they used to be exceedingly fetbundaiit?" It was not overfishing that did it. If the excessive fishing had been all there was to contend with, a few simple laws'- would have been sufficient to preserve some remnants at least of the race. It was not the fishing, it was the growth of the country, as it is commonly called, the increase of the population, necessarily bringing with it the development of the various industries by which communities live and become prosperous. It was the mills, the dams, •the steamboats, the manufactures injurious to the water, and similar causes which, first making the streams more and more uninhabitable for the salmon, finally exterminated them altogether. In short, it was the growth of the country and not the fishing which really set a bound to the habitations of the salmon on the Atlantic coast. Then, concerning the salmon rivers of the Pacific coast, the Sacramento, for example, it is said that "when the first rush of gold-seekers came to California in 1849, every tributary of the Sacramento was a fruitful spawning ground for salmon, and into every tributary countless shoals of salmon hastened every summer to deposit their eggs. But in 1873, only twenty-three years later, not one single tributary of the Sacramento of any account was a spawning ground for the salmon except the McCloud and Pitt rivers in the extreme northern part of the state, where the hostility of the Indians had kept white men out." It was not fishing by any means that had caused the disappearance of the salmon, for the miners did very little fishing in those times; but it was the debris from the quartz mines which drove the salmon out, ruining the 'spawning grounds and rendering the river uninhabitable for the salmon. Dr Livingstone Stone, an eminent scientist interested in the preservation of the salmon fisheries, says: "Who would have thought thirty years ago that the creation of a national park in this country would be the means pf rescuing the buffalo from extinction? Who thought then that anything was needed-to rescue the buffalo? The buffalo roamed in myriads over the plains and mountain slopes of the central portions Pf the United States salmon. Df. Stone regards it as fortft* nate for out* country that there is in our Alaskan possessions just sucli ft place as is wanted—probably more than one—and so exceptionally fortunate is America in this respect that it is not likely that, this side of the frozen and uninhabitable shores of the Arctic, it can be duplicated in the possessions of all the nations of the earth combined, which significant circumstance goes to show how near the world has reached the extreme limit of its salmon supply. The locality referred to is an island in the North Pacific about 750 miles nearly due west of Sitka. Its name is Afognak, and it is the northernmost of the two largest islands of the group called the Kadiak islands. It lies just north of latitude 53 and between 152 and 153 west longitude. It is a small island, probably not more than fifty miles across at its widest part, but there are several streams flowing from various points of the island to the sUf* rounding ocean that at the proper sea* son contain salmon innumerable. It is no exaggeration to say that salmon swarm up these streams in countless myriads. "In 1889*the salmon Were BO thick in the streams that it was abso* lutely necessary, in fording them, td kick the salmon out of the Way to avoid stumbling over them." This story illustrates as well as anything the wonderful abundance of salmon in the Afognak streams; and it can be easily believed when it is remembered that about a month earlier 153,000 salmon were caught in one day at the mouth of the Karluk, which is a river only sixty feet wide where it empties into the ocean. The salmon are there in as great numbers as could be wished. All the varieties also which inhabit the Pacific ocean come to Afognak. The list is a royal catalogue: The red salmon, the "blue- back" of the Columbia; the king salmon, the "quinnat" or "spring salmon" of the Columbia; the silver salmon, the "silversides" of the Columbia; the humpback salmon, the dog salmon, the steelhead, the "square- tailed" trout of the tributaries of the Columbia, and the "dolly varden." What a paradise for salmon this island is, and what a magnificent place of safety it would be if it were set aside for a national park, where the salmon could always hereafter be unmolested! The island is inhabitable all the year round; with a comparatively even temperature, although so far north, the winter's cold is not excessive, probably not equaling that of parts of New England. It is colder than New England in summer, but there is much less variation of temperature between summer and winter. VALUE Of ANTITOXIN. Some Theories of Natural and Artificial Immunity. Afitttorin, Introduced Into This Count*? In December. 1894, Has RfedueedKhe Mortality Record from Eighty to Fourteen Per Cent. Special Chicago Letter. They say that the horseless age is coming. But the horse is with us to Stay. While electricity is taking its place as a motor agent, a new field of Usefulness is opening for it—it supplies us with antitoxin. It is an unexplored field of investigation upon which we are entering, for antitoxin, the product of the blood of the horse, has been with us scarcely a year. It was introduced into this country last December, and researches and experiments had begun in European hospitals only eleven months DIPHTHERIA GERM, HIGHLY MAGNIFIED. SOME PINE SPECIMENS. centra* pwiww v+ «•*• .r ± uWi«, and were so innumerable that, with the, exception of ft few far-sighted persons, »o one thought that this noble race Q* animals was ever in danger, A be sup, ply -seemed inexhaustible and the at least s»fe from extinction, soon we found out our mistake suddenly the change oame,, 'A-HRMMw of. alarm had hardly been 8o.un4edjo.nif enough to b§ distinctly - *- - QYe.r tbe'oountry before The island will never be wanted for anything else, and it is inhabited only by a few Aleuts. Artificial hatching can be instituted there at any time and on a large scale. Thus, all of, the streams of the continent can be re- peopled with these beautiful and desirable inhabitants at small expense to the government. In presenting his argument for the establishment of a national salmon park, the fish commissioner makes liberal quotations from the opinions of experts who have studied the question, .and his efforts will undoubtedly have an effect upon the miads of our national legislators. Certainly every man who loves the sport, and everyone who realizes the importance of maintaining our supply of fish food of the best quality, will concede the forcefulness of the plea which has been officially made. ' The wonderful abundance of salmon in the waters of Alaska has been known for years to those who have had opportunity for investigation, but that region of our country is'so remote and inaccessible to the general public that until the fish, commissioner gave publication of the facts it was impossible fpr every-, one to know all of the truth and all of the possibilities which may result from prodent and economic development of those resources. Statistics show that 350,000 cases, representing over 4,ooo,» 000 salmon, were taken from one insignificant rivulet which runs into the Karluk river of Alaska during one season- The entire product of the season of 1989 amounted to approximately 14,000,000, Surely that- is »n industry worthy rather of development -than PI neglect, The product of the canneries there for IW exceeded |7,5QQ,QOO, The catch is acc9mpli§hed by gill nets, traps and seines, but the frre&test catch is made by haul seines which, sweep the estuaries of the small rivers, Sei»§ follows seine in rapid succession fa the proper season, f §n4 ' complete in every » , ^r» • • _ _ »__s 11 before that time. Within this short period reliable records of cures in diphtheria and tetanuss (commonly known as lockjaw) had been collected. The antitoxin had been obtained, its value had been practically demonstrated, but the principle involved remains a mystery to all. That some great, far-reaching principle is coming to light, that a new system of fighting disease, based on this principle, will be evolved—that is admitted by all who have studied the subject. The eyes of searching investigators and profound thinkers are gleaming with the hope of evolving this new system in time to add the discovery to that unrivaled galaxy of achievements which illuminates nineteenth century progress. What, is antitoxin? Antitoxin is anti-poison, an antidote for poison. As we use the word, it means a substance developed in animal blood to neutralize the effect of toxins (poisons) of disease. How is it obtained? From the blood of immunized animals. And here we must explain the nature of immunity. All animal blood has been shown to possess to a greater or lesser degree of bactericide properties. When an animal becomes-inflicted with a disease a combat takes place, according to well- substantiated authorities, between the germs of the disease. and a mysterious something in the blood. This bactericide property varies in power and quality in different species. Thus the blood of raan offers complete resistance to germs .of pigeon cholera, .that of the dog against anthrax, of the chicken against tetanus, and so on. These animals are said to be immune against such diseases. The important point is that the immunity against certain diseases may be increased. This may be done in one of two ways—(1) by infection, or (2) by intoxication, i. e., inoculation of the disease. Every child knows that when it has once had a disease the chances are that it will not catch the same disease a second time. It has been rendered immune against that disease. A mysterious process of chemistry has taken place in the child's body, protecting it, perhaps for lifetime, perhaps for a limited period, against the germs of the .disease. The same process may be developed artificially. Inoculate the disease in mild form, and the danger of succumbing to a serious attack will be minimized. This is the principle of vaccination. • . . From vaccination to the use of antitoxin is but one step. Scientists had filtrate contains the diphtheria-^ If the toxin is found to be of sufficient strength, that is if .1 c.c. of it will kill a guinea pig weighing 500 grains m forty-eight hours, .5 c.c. of the toxin 13 injected into the shoulder of a yottng and absolutely healthy horse. Thi9 will cause a reaction, and diphtheria antitoxin will form in the blood. The next time about .1 c.c. trill be injected, and a correspondingly larger amount of antitoxin will form. Doses of toxin are constantly increased until the horse can bear without serious symptoms the enormous amount of .300 c.c of toxin per injection. Some of the blood of the horse is then drawn off and put on ice for a few days to allow it to coagulate. The blood serum, i.e., the water with albuminous and saline matter in solution, possesses the anti-toxin properties and is taken off with a pipette. Its strength is tested by inoculation on diseased guinea pigs, and if one grain of the serum will neutralize one grain of the toxin, it is ready for use. The forearm of the human patient suffering with diphtheria is given ( a hypodermic injection of the antitoxin. If the disease is in the incipient state one injection will generally suffice, otherwise doses must be repeated several times. When the experiments were first begun, a number of different animals were used as mediums for the production of antitoxin. It was soon found however, that it is not the actual immunity of an animal which would be of any value when transferred to a diseased individual, but the amount of acquired immunity. For this reason, the horse was selected as the most, appropriate for the production of tetanus and diphtheria antitoxin. It is remarkably susceptible to these diseases, but shows great power of reaction, and can develop enormous quantities of antitoxin. It is a very healthy animal and the danger of inoculating other diseases with its blood is practically nil; it can furnish immense quantities of blood, and—an important point—the horse is in many respects similar to man. The best results will always be obtained by inoculation from homogeu species. Goats, sheep, and other animals have been tried, but none can compare with the horse in adaptability; the horseless age is not at hand. The tetanus, diphtheria and other antitoxins have been in use only a very few years, in our country but a few months, and then hardly ever outside of the hospitals. The evidence then ttit A m£ A entirely e * fc °£??*~"" *k#a Germanica-, JJ&^fffi filattidae.Whl^^y^ 1 _.- trnieH tli mp^ *ji»w~-—— -j. remark: "So "It serves him ii B "«. .—;-.«»; 7 *a**»fliii says: "All fevoif," """ flMtl r by!" he croton Dug* »« says the .mew xur*- ""*-- , f«* mon black cockroach. In tries it is known : Under any name, '-, nuisances. ^yss^s^^sim ^is^ssss^ 1 ^ sects, or that careful deaalAew $ttgj always keep them at a ^tance, Jt JB^ not dirt they love, but da warmth. For this reason our water pipes, sinks and _ — for the same reason cockroaches I well-known torments on board and-particularly around the boile* £ engine rooms. ,| <•For the same cause, and also on count of its fondness for wheat^ the "croton bug" is common t shops, and bakers who are careful,, increase the size of their dougb^oi with legitimate materials musf sharp lookout to restrict Mr. Germanica to his proper place, • not in the currant cake. •. Another place where the crotpnm is a well-known pest is the library^ • • INOCULATING A PATIENT. collected is most astonishing. Dr. G. Futterer, in a lecture at the Chicago polyclinic in February last, • cites; the following statistics of antitoxin treatment for diphtheria: Ko of Patients. tiled. Vienna 227 M Austria 481 7? THE COCKROACH'S PAWS MAGNIFIED. ..., Germany ..... ......... 2« Italy..... .............. 93 France ..... ........... 41» Holland.,.,'.- .......... H England,,,,. .......... 1,190 33 13 64 „» 278 Per Cent. 22 80 14 00 1430 1740 14 83 14 40 13 03 7 00 S3 00 learned that an antidote to germ diseases could be fprwed by inoculating the disease, Why not obtain this a»ti* •tosin frpw an immunised animal and inject it into the blood of the patient? JnyestigatPrs set about manufacturing '$e njygteripug antidote in a * the germ of was chosen, of experiment, They 'discovered,, in . within » *<ew years, unless thjj ' mm vttfc wwpfc approval wji ** - -'--'--^- * m T^Tt 1 T "_*rl__:Lji ^ muA./xdRsitnTVsKr /vf Eilira ,aMnMrf mMttmmx ' &*>*. jt^m nf^jw^-w^fT.* ***F-™TC" ~ 41™ 'm^^^^^-M^ tf write? i£53ff-SvJ;i i.iu.VUa,ma&itfal '.<rinnnnds jQnf vi T»»W >.- «»H**wW» Total.,... 3.880 016 1840 Since February the death rate has sunk to 14 per cent. Indeed a wonderful showing when we consider that the death rate in cases of actual diphtheria is over 80 per cent., when no antitoxin is used. And it is not only as a curative,but also as a preventive, that the great remedy may be used, Reliable cases, sufficient in number to leave no room for doubt have been reported been rendered a single injection the midst of a household where diphtheria was raging, By experimenting on guinea pigs it was shown that a) dose of antitoxin injected before infection requires only 1400, sometimes 14000, of the strength needed when the same amount of toxin had found its way into the pig's system twenty-four hours before the antidote' was injected. In its effect antitosin is absolutely harmless. It sometimes produces skia eruptions, weakness and other slight symptoms in human patients, but the medicine is not considered a poison, and it cannot be in any way dangerous to-the siek or the heathy. Wot; the slightest fear need be entertained 'm that regard. ^bat is-true of diphtheria, and. tptanys.wesmay Infer & (hojd, $p.cr"- a11 germ diseases, Y?e knpy? that prinoMes of partial and total inamu, evipce themselves threughQuM^g art kingdom; v?e are »toost, M*-,-*. that thte partial immunity wyftlWS I-IA {***t'».Ane»A/3 TIT* {n-fant.ian nr R^nifiAfLfiA. Here the small, brown creatures attack'?? the starch and sizing in the cloth 1 * " ings of the book and often eat the edges of books in their eagerness secure the albumen used therein. '. t is it old books which attract'them./ They are frequently found in packages sent from the bindery, Audi)'"this also proves that it is food and \ warmth which they seek, and not dirt, ^ When a family or a clan—for, they^ • seem to arrive in clans—of croton bugs«|| take possession of a kitchen sink '*" J " 5 * very difficult to dislodge them, - nT ^« peculiar flat bodies and,their eompregsi-j tie skin enable them to slip easily, in'te; the narrowest cracks. They are -™AU. turnal insects, coming out',' to food at night when the' rppji serted, _ ', " ', „/% Eternal vigilance and the /'con use of the borax will keep t" reasonable bounds, - 'Both <are sary,.for too much *^**e» " ., >\ The cockroach was I,I from Asia t° %?Pt acquired it frpjtn has been caleula^ Asiatic cockroach,.,.. four centuries »g°/',^ Theyar? «.™™,™>< andepnvh, , trejnejy fpp.d a,H sweet'... .„ pantry where .ing pf them

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