The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 20, 1953 · Page 1
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November 20, 1953

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of HORTOTAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 206 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Senator Says Justice Clark Has Public Duty to Explain His Part in White Case By JOHX CHADWICK WASHINGTON (AP). — Sen. Hendrickson (R-NJ) said today he personally feels Supreme Court Justice Tom C. Clark has a public duty to explain his role in the Harry Dexter .White case. Clark was attorney general in 1946 when White, now dead, was appointed by former President Truman as U. S director of the International Monetary Fund—an appointment Atty. Gen. Brownell says was made in the face of FBI information that White was a Russian spy. Brownell's charge, first voiced • in a speech Nov. 6 set off a boiling political controversy and spurred a Senate internal'security subcommittee investigation of communism in government. Clark Declined Subpoena Hendrickson, a member of the subcommittee, told newsmen he ^3-Fold Probe Follows Citing Of GE's Reds District- Attorneys Join McCarthy's Spy Investigation . BOSTON lift — A three-fold probe swung into action today in the wake of charges by a self-described FBI undercover agent that communists are employed in General Electric plants. Agents 'of Sen. Joseph B. McCarthy's permanent investigations subcommittee continued their work while the district attorneys of Middlesex and Essex Counties set in motion separate inquiries. ' William H. Teto, 53-year-old Fitchburg upholsterer, set*off the investigations by his charges be- yesterday that he was himself a member of the Communist party and knew of GE workers who belonged to Communist cells. His accusations resulted in the suspension last night of two Lynn GE employes who declined to tell McCarthy whether they had been or now are Communists. Taken abruptly of/ the GE payroll last night were Robert Goodwin, 38, and Nathaniel Mills, 36, both long-time employes of the GE's plant in Lyn. They were dramatically pointed out as card-carrying Communists yesterday by William H. Teto, 53, of Ashby, who said he joined the Communist party in 1941 at the request of the FBI. Goodwin and Mills nearly precipitated a riot-«in the hearing room when they fought ejection after refusing to take the stand to deny or affirm the accusation against them. Sen. McCarthy ordered the men escorted out of the room by U. S. marshals when they sought vociferously to be heard, but, at the same time, refused to take an oath and say whether or not they were Communists. McCarthy said both men invoked the Fifth Amendment, which inr sures against self-incrimination, at a closed hearing of his Senate Permanent Investigating subcommittee the previous day. Both men were pointed out by Teto as having had access to critical products GE makes for the armed services. Teto testified he knows of Red cells in General Electric plants in Lynn, Fitchburg, Everett and Schenectady, N. Y. He added that there are no secrets s'afe from the Communists in those plants. Theft Suspect- Here Identified As Escapee A letter received by Sheriff William Berryman from the Shelby County Penal Farm near Memphis confirmed a statement made by Ike M. Smith. 35, that he had escaped from that institution. Smith, under the name of Harold Lee Yawell, along with Lcroy H. Majors, 25, was extradited from Missouri last week on burglary charges in Mississippi County. The letter stated that Smith was placed on the penal farm in April, 1948, for a six-year sentence on charges of housebreaking, and escaped the first time in November, 1949. He was returned by Missouri State Police to the farm last February and escaped again in September. Smith told Sheriff Berryman that he and Majors met while both were serving terms in the Missouri State Penitentiary at Jefferson City. Prior to their extradition from Missouri on charges of taking several typewriters In burglaries here, the pair had been picking cotton in this area. Premier Resigns PHNOM PENH, Cambodia (ft — The Premier of this Indochlncse kingdom, Chan Nak, in office only two days, has resigned in a dispute with other politicians over when elections should bo held, would get in tovich with Chairman Jenner (R-Ind.) as soon af possible and propose that Clark be invited to testify. Clark declined last week to heed a subpoena of the House Un- American Activities Committee but offered to consider questions submitted in writing. He based his refusal on the constitutional separation and independence of Ijhe three branches of government. Truman and James F. Byrnes, who was secretary of state in 1946, similarly rejected Un-American Activities Committee summonses. Truman cited the same grounds as Clark. Rep. Velde (R-I1U, chairman of the committee, said at Cleveland yesterday his subpoena of Truman still stands. He said he planned no contempt citation against Truman but hopes the former President "will see the necessity of appearing voluntarily. * * * However, a Democratic member of his committee, Rep. Prazier of Tennessee, said he sees no reason why the House groups should not leave the inquiry to the Senate subcommittee. Will Accept Written Answers Truman stuck by his "no comment" position. He addressed a Young Democrats meeting at Kansas City last night but made scant reference to what he called simply the "controversy this week." Hendrickson said that, if Clark were unwilling to appear before the Senate probers, he would not object to written question-and- answer procedure. But he declared : "If I were a Supreme Court justice who had been attorney general in this period. I would consider it a public duty to try to clear it up." Jenner has Indicated he feels any decision to call the Supreme Court jusMce now would be pre* * * mature. While Republicans made plain they intended to push ahead with the probe. Sen. Olin Johnston (D-SC), a member of Jenner's subcommittee, said in an interview Congress instead ought to be investigating rising interest rates and falling farm income under the Eisenhower administration. Recessed Until Monday Of the investigation of the Truman administration's handling of Communist tonltration, Johnston said: "It's water over the dam. It's a subterfuge for misdeeds of the present administration." Hendrickson said he also intends to renew his suggestion that Truman be invited to appear before the Senate subcommittee. The subcommittee's hearings are in recess until Monday, when the Justice Department has been asked to supply the dates on which FBI reports on any spy suspects in the Treasury Department were sent to top officials. Truman Shuns Chance To Fan Spy Case Fire By CLARENCE A. JOHNSON KANSAS CITY (AP) — Harry S. Truman had the time, the place and the audience last night to add verbal fire to the Harry Dexter White controversy, but he didn't. Thus it was the former Presi- eent stuck to his oft-repeated statements he would have no more comment to make in the blistering crossfire of charges arising from the feue: He spoke briefly to about 350 members of the Jackson .County Young Democrats, Inc., at a dinner meeting. They cheered him. He smiled, said he was happy to be there. Referred to "Controversy" Once he referred to the "contrct versy this week" and then read from several of the telegrams he had received after his speech Monday night. That was when he replied to charges of Atty. Gen. Brownell that he kept the late Harry Dexter White in government service when he\ knew him to be a Communist spy. One of the telegrams, he said, read: "Give 'em hell, Harry. The newspapers need the money." Earlier, in his off-the-cuff speech he had said the Democratic party has '"no outlet for facts in this country, with 90 per cent of the newspapers against it." The former President also told the Democrats: "Since the time of Jefferson the people have tried to keep the government out of the hands of special privilege. The Democrats always have tried to do this, but we didn't succeed very well last year. "What we need to do is to set our house in order here at home, and we' must have- a vigorous Democratic organization to present the facts to the people of the United States. If we do, after the next election we can have forward- looking men itl Congress." Truman apparently ban anticipated ttiat some ; in'.'lhe",aUdienc^ would ex^»c* bim to t.?y>''jme^:;f 1 \: stronger On the White Controversy. But as he left the banquet room, ie saw a newsman at a telephone. He smiled, put his hands on his hips, and said: : 'Ha! I fooled you, didn't I?" City Hall's 25-Year-Old Heating Unit Replaced A new boiler and gas-oil burner heating unit is being installed in Blytheville City'Hall to replace the old coal heating unit that had been in use since the building was constructed in 1928. After reviewing bids from four of the firms solicited it was decided | by the city council that a more economical move would be to buy the boiler and heating unit direct from a company .for $2,540 and use city labor for removing the old outfit and installing the new one. Mayor Dan Blodgett said. Since winter was so near, Mayor Blodgett said, a council meeting was not called but each member was contacted and approval was gained from the council and its purchasing committee. The new unit will be installed by the first of next week and ready for use. The old unit has already been removed and sold for scrap iron. It had been condemned by the Arkansas Department of Labor's Boiler Inspection Bureau for five consecutive years, according to W. I. Malin, city clerk. The four bids received for the heating unit and its installation, Mr. Mnlin said, ranged from $3.994 to $4,850. Considering the amount paid for the unit and the smallest bid received, the city would be pa.ving about $1,455 for installation, he said. The only costs for installation with the city furnishing t h e labor will be for a plumber to connect the gas and water pipes. The radiators in City Hall are heated by hot water from the boiler. Last year it was difficult to keep a fire going in the coal burner because the boiler leaked so badly that it put out the fire on several occasions, Mayor Blodgett said. In years past, the 25-year-ild boiler had been welded many times, but it had cracked beyond repair, he said. The new heating unit is of the gas-oil type, used by many hotels. With oil as a stand-by fuel, the can qualify for the interruptible service schedule of gas rates. This rate schedule offers gas at a reduced cost because users are switched over to the stand-by fuel during hours of peak consumption when the available gas supply is needed for residential heating. Solon Sees Slight Prospect For T-H Revision Harden Says Political Storms Next Session Will Obscure Problem By KARHY SNYDER WASHINLTON !#>—Rep. Harden (D-NC) said today he expects the next session of Congress to produce political storms which will greatly lessen prospects for revising the Tan-Hartley laboring? gement law. . "The time for operating on that patient," he said ,in "was when th" excitement and confusion." And Harden, who is the senior Democrat on the House Labor Committee, predicted there will be plenty of excitement in Congress with elections coming up next year. : He s&id- .he,,-would.-.npi. -h.azard »'^ftjjs^bn v:bether tt iratiorFwill be 'able to on President Eisenhower's recently renewed pledge to overhaul the Taft-Hartley Act. Barden said he wasn't disappointed by failure of Congress to act on suggested changes in the law last spring or summer. But he indicated he had expected the administration would push for congressional action. "I didn't know we were going to hold these lengthy hearings, let everybody and his brother come up and testify, and then just 'whish' it off the board," Barden said. Barden said the labor- management problem is so many- sided that it is impossible for members to steer a safe political course through it. "No matter how you vote on the various phases of the law," he said, "you are bound to meet with criticism. You will catch hell if you put something in it and you will catch hell if you leave something out. "And v/ith the elections coming up, it is going to be brutal to put some of these fellows on the spot." DOOMED TO DIE — Kidnaper Carl Austin Hall, with eyes downcast, stands beside solemn-faced Mrs. Bonnie Brown Heady as they stand in a freight elevator at the U.S. courthouse in Kansas City, Mo., after hearing the Judge pass the death sentence on them. The two confessed kidnapers of six-year-old Bobby Greenlease were being transported back, to their jail cells. (AP Wirephoto) Condemned Killers AwaitGasChamber By AL DOPK1NG KANSAS CITY (AP) — The condemned kidnap-killers of 6-year-old Bobby Greenlease waited in jail cells today for their last trip — the trip to the lethal gas chamber in the Missouri State Prison just one week before Christmas. . + Carl Austin Hall and Mrs. Bonnie Brown Heady will be executed at the same time—as soon as possible after 12:01 a.m. Dec. 18, They showed 'little emotion yesterday as they heard n federal judge, carrying out a jury's recommendation, sentence them to die But an Episcopal priest who visited them later said the klii- napers appeared remorsefu TB Fund Drive Reaches $1,350 Volunteer workers in the Tuberculosis Association's Christmas seal sale personal solicitation yesterday obtained $176 to raise the total contributions to date to j $1,350.75. Mrs. Frances Gammill, executive I secretary of the association, said j volunteers are still needed for of-1 fice and solicitation work. Representatives of Lange PTA yesterday joined the volunteer workers, she said. Girl Scouts from Yarbro nut stamps on 2.000 seal sale letters for the mail phase of the drive. School Board Checks U.S. Aid Directors Studying Details of Assistance For Defense Areas Apollo Boys' Choir Will Open CMA Concert Season Sunday ^ Apollo Boys' Choir, featuring one Blytheville hoy and another who is returning to the city for the first time since his birth, opens Civic Music Association's 1953-54 concert series here Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. in the Senior High School auditorium. Byron Moore, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Byron Moore, is now a mem- >cr of the famed boys' singing ;roup. Also with the choir is Bryant Llndsey, son of the Rev. and Mrs. Julian Llnd.~-.ey of Statesvlllc, N C. Bryant was born in Blythevtlle bout 11 years ago when his father ,, T as chaplain at Blytheville Army Air Field during World War II. Admission will be for those persons who have purchased season memberships, plus their out-of- county guests. The choir is to arrive Saturday and will stay in private homes. Highlights of Sunday's program will be "Hear Thou Our Prayers," "Lift Thine Eyes," and "Lo, My Shepherd is Divine," by the choir. Don Boese, George Walter and Paul Donehoo are featured soloists. Coleman Cooper Is choir director nnd Is assisted by Bert Hallock. Members of the board of directors of Blytheville School District met last night with a representative from the State Department of Education in connection with possible federal aid to schools in defense areas. Superintendent of Schools W. B. Nicholson said today that because of prospects of air base reactivation here, the school board is finding out what sort of federal aid it can qualify for. Details and procedures Involved in the federal aid program were discussed, he said. However, he added, it is too early to be able to make any definite determinations of aid this district might receive. That, he explained, will depend on the influx of students due to reactivation of the base. This influx will be figured on a percentage basis and will include whether the student's entering school here was due directly or Indirectly to the federal project. Because of these factors, he said, no final determination can be made and hence no funds obtained until work on the base starts. 'Flying Saucers' Denied LONDON I* — The Air Ministry says Britain's latest "flying saucer" probably was nothing but a weather balloon. The War Office reported Tuesday night that an RAP ptlot sighted the "huge. glow- Ing metallic object" over Britain's coastline. US Seeks Censure Of Israel •^ : -lSy OSGOOD CARUTHERS pTED NATIONS, N. Y. t/P)— Sd States got ready today the Western Big Three's demand that the Security Council vote the "strongest censure" of the armed Israeli attack on the Jordan border village of Kibya last month. U. S. Delegate James Wadsworth When I saw him previous to the trial on two occasions his first statements were those of remorse," said the Rev. George Evans. "I saw him again this niter- noon and at his request talked to Mrs. Heady. This was the first time I had seen Mrs. Heady. She likewise expressed great contrition." A federal official said, "There Wa JL P A ep1ar '; d S. P ^ s ?"A^ll e A" ! "J!l!hRve been double executions before and we plan to do it in this case." Hall and Mrs. Heady will be seat- rguments to the 11-natlon counci this afternoon supporting a resolution drafted by the United States, Britain and France. It terms the Oct. 14-15 assault on the village, in which 53 Arabs died, a violation of the Palestine armistice. Israel already has branded the resolution as. drafted "one-sided and discriminatory" and a big step backward from peace." Israeli Delegate Abba Eban promised to put up a bitter fight against it. Jordan Dissatisfied Jordan indicated it feeLs the draft is not severe enough on its Jewish foe. The Arab nations are expected to push for council approval of a resolution in tougher language. Israel, a U. N. member and Jordan, non-member, are appearing before the council as interested parties in the bitter border dispute Neither has a vote in the body. The Western draft held that the Klbya massacre was carried out by Israeli armed forces, as reported by the chief U. N. truce observer, Danish Maj. Gen. Vagn Bennike. It expresses the "strongest censure of that action" and calls on Isreal to "Take effective measures to prevent all such actions in the future." It also asks the U.N. to furnish Gen. Bennike with more truce observers to watch over the touchy border area if he needs them. ed in the gas chamber about three feet apart. Under the chairs are sVo^e crocks containing sulphuric acid. When the prisoners are strapped into place, a level is tripped, cau- l sing cyanide tu drop into the acir and producing a deadly gas. "The- gas renders them uncoun- scious within a matter of seconds,' the official said. Wants to Wed Hall Mrs. Heady, a divorcee, has expressed a desire to marry Hal before their execution. Court of ficials snid. Hall, who also was married and divorced, has not in dicated a similar desire, the officials reported. The director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons would have to give permission for such a marriage. There was small chance of an appeal. Roy Dietrich, court-appointed attorney for Hall, said he saw nothing to warrant appealing the decision of U. S. District Judge Albert L. Reeves. The 34-year-old playboy and his 41-year-old alcoholic mistress watched dry-eyed as the tragic case drew to a dramatic close on the fourth day of the trial. They seemed relieved as they were hustled .out of the courtroom, See GREENLEASE on Page 3 Searchers Now Only Ten Feet Away from Jesse James Loot PARAGOULD (/Pi — Six farmers who are digging into the Black River bank for some loot believed buried there by fabled Jesse James said today they had touched their goal with a long, metal rod. The gun-packing searchers said they pushed the rod through five feet of water and another five feet of sand before it "hit something." This would place the object 30 feet below the earth's surface, and in the exact spot that 60-year-old George Emerson said his "divining rod" located It. Word of the developement leaked out over the weekend, and spurred rumors that the searchers had loimcl $90,000 in gold. Today Is the -10th clay of the search, which began Oct. 12. The party has dug a 25-foot hole In the \yest bank of the Black River, about 30 feet from the river's edge. The hole is 27 miles north of here, and three miles east of Corn- Ing, Ark. Legend has it that James buried the booty os he find his gans were being hard pressed by a posse following a hold-up in nearby Missouri. The scan'tiers have been hampered in their hunt by water! and sand that keeps seeping into the excavation. However, they have rigged a pump to remove the water, leaving only five feet of sand between them and the loot, if that's what it Is. In addition to Emerson, who lives at Poplar Bluff, Mo., the searchers are Pleas Beckham, 28; Floyd Sells, 20; Bill Samples, 53; Fred Emerson. 24, and Charles Emerson, 19. They all live at the village of McDougal in Clay County, Ark. Inside Today's Courier News . . . C'hlckasaws I'lay Nashville's Dupnnt High In Jackson Exchange Bowl Tonight . . . Top Ten Teams Kcporl Smaller Injury List with One Platoon . . . Sports . . . Paces 6 and 1 ... , . . U. S. Keeps Door Open But Reds Not Eipccted . . . Editorials . . . Pace S . . . , . . Farm News . . . Page 9 ... . . . Despite Numerous Esplo- naite Ch»r/res Recently, No One Has Been Tried for Spying In U. S. . , . Txge 14 ... Large Deficit Forecast For Fiscal 1955 Government Must Cut Costs Or Go $6 Billion in Red By STERLING F. GREEN WASHINGTON {AP) — The Eisenhower administration's best hope for the fiscal 1955 budget is a deficit of three to four billion dollars — attainable only if federal spending can be cut nearly six billions from the present rate. A high administration official gave this estimate to reporters yesterday. He said that obviously a big part of any six-billion saving would have to come from national security spending, and is not yet in sight. He also said any such saving would be effected only If it could be done without impairing the national security. His forecast assumed also that Congress will heed President Eisenhower's request for extension of present high corporate and excise tax rates beyond next April 1, when they are due for automatic reduction. The informant, who stipulated that his name should not be used, gave these further forecasts: 1. The "cash budget" probably can be balanced. This budget classifies as government income social security contrib.utions, which exceed four billion dollars a year. The conventional budget does not, since they go Into a special trust fund. Seek SS Extension 2. The administration will ask that the presen tl'/ 2 per cent rate of social security tax be extended for a year. The rate is due to go to 2 per cent on Jan. 1, before Congress convenes, but some adjustment could be made to refund any money collected at that rate. 3. The administration definitely will renew its request, rejected by Congress last summer, for an increase in the national debt limit from 275 billion dollars to 290 billion dollars. There is not the slightest doubt, the official said, that the ceiling will have to be raised sooner or later. This whole picture, an authoritative reflection o! current tahiklng at the Treasury Department, does not conflict with Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey's recent forecast of an eight to nine billion dollar deficit in the 1955 fiscal year, starting next July 1. Humphrey specified, in offering that estimate, that it did not take into account savings he said would be made. , If the savings are as substantial See BUDGET on Page 3 Reds Fling Abuse-But Not Answers By SAM SUMMERLtN PANMUNJOM (AP) — Communist diplomats fired a stream of abuse at U.S. Ambassador Arthur H. Dean today instead of answering his repeated demands to explain their "fuzzy" plan for neutrals. to attend, .the .Korean peace, conference. Dean said the Red "harangue" probably was j'jst a stall until Pdping or Moscow sends orders to Communist diplomats meeting at Panmunjoni to plan the conference. Dean said Friday's subcommittee session on composition and site could be written off "as a kind of zero." Another subcommittee working 3 Koreans Bolt From Red Unit liy WILLIAM BARNARD PANMUNJOM Iffi — Communist ollicers today refused a [ace-to- face meeting with three Korean soldiers who last night bolted from a Red troop unit and were given refuge in an American sentry box. The three sale! they were South Koreans and were shanghaied into the Communist, army niter being captured. The Reds insisted that the three be . returned immediately, but .the U.N. Command said • they would be turned over to Indian custody. If they refuse to go back to the Reds all presumably would be liberated in South Korea. An Indian spokesman for the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission said, "No single man on the commission can decide this and it will have to be discussed at the full sitting of the. commission tomorrow." Communist members of the Pan- munjom joint observer team refused to appear today for an investigation to determine the identity of the three fugitives. The three soldiers, still dressed in Communist uniforms, talked to United Nations newsmen through an interpreter. They related: They were captured by the Communists in 1950 and 1951 and forced into the Red armies as laborers with a North Korean army See POWs on Page 3 1954 Nash Line Adds Four-Door Rambler Sedan Nash models for 1954 will go on display here tomorrow at Shelton Motor Co., Ill East Main. The 1954 Nash line includes a four-door Rambler sedan being introduced for the first time. Built on a 108-Inch wheelbase, the Rambler sedan is powered by a six- cylinder L-head engine developing 90 horsepower. Major mechanical changes in the Ambassador .and Statesman models Include a new dual carburetor engine In the Statesman series and Increased horsepower in the Ambassador series. Automatic transmission, power steering, power brakes and automatic, window lifts are optional equipment.. The 15 models in the 1954 Nash line me available In H solid and U two-tone color combinations. on a starting date reported no progress. Both are scheduled to meet again Saturday. The Communists Want nonbelligerent nations to attend the conference without a vote on major issues. They apparently have abandoned early demands that some non-belligerents have full participation— a plan exactly opposite the U.N. proposal for a meeting of only those nations which fought in Korea. Dean's pressure on the Reds to give details of their proposal indicates the Allies might be willing to reach some sort of compromise. He told the Reds Friday: Won't Explain "You cannot expect me to consider seriously, nor to pass on to the other 16 nations whom I represent, those aspects of your proposal which are far from clear. I cannot transmit that which is fuzzy." When he left Washington, Dean bore Instructions only to "exchange views'.' on composition. Dean said the Communists would not explain what observers would do at the conference. Instead, he said, they delivered a "long, abusive, ill-tempered harangue. (and) attacked mi for being a warmonger, having lack of faith, and trying to postpone the political conference." "They warned me," Dean said, "that under no circumstances was I again to refer to the U. S. S. R. as not a neutral." On the dispute over a site, Dean asked the Communists why they do not investigate facilities at See REDS on P ngc 3 Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy to partly cloudy and a little colder this afternoon and tonight; Saturday partly cloudy and cool; lowest tonight 35-45. MISSOURI — Cloudy with scattered light showers north this afternoon ; partly cloudy and colder tonight; Saturday cloudy rain or snow In afternoon southwest, colder east Saturday. , Maximum yesterday—80. Minimum yesterday—29. Sunrise tomorrow—6:39. Sunset today—4:53, Precipitation ]Mt 24 bourn to 7:00 \. m, today—.54. ' Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—09.3. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—35.20. This tut* Urt Year Maximum yesterday—57. Minimum yesterday—39. I Precipitation January 1 to datfr— , 19.61. '

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