8 The Terre Haute Tribune Friday, January 20, 1961. Passing of an Era West Point to Omaha Beach to White House 4,000 Agents Guard Safety Of U. S. Chiefs By EDWARD COWAN United Press International By WILLIAM J. EATON WASHINGTON, Jan. 20.—(UPD-—The Eisenhower era passed into history today. The long snow-covered mile from the White House to the Capitol was the end of a trail that had stretched from West Point to Omaha Beach, from Abilene in Kansas to 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. in Washington. Dwight D. Eisenhower, at 70, the oldest President in American history, gave way to John F. Kennedy, at 43 the youngest man ever elected to the nation s highest office. After 50 years of service to the nation, Eisenhower became a private citizen. He passed the burdens of an era and of the nuclear age onto the shoulders of a man young enough to have been his son and headed gracefully and much loved into the role of an elder statesman. The day began with a final breakfast at the White House. The beginning of the very end was 11:20 a.m. E.S.T.), when President-elect and Mrs. John F. Kennedy called at the White House. Then it was a ride down Pennsylvania Ave. together and the swearing-in ceremonies for Kennedy. At that moment the titles became President Kennedy, and “Mr. Ex-President,“ as Eisenhower himself laughingly put it this week. Eisenhower ended eight years in the White House without achieving his cherished ambition for a lasting peace. But he contended in reviewing his stewardship that his administration prevented disastrous world war by firmness and understanding. President and former members of his cabinet were invited to a lunch in honor of the Eisenhowers at the exclusive F-Street Club following the inauguration The President and Mrs. Eisenhower, their son, John, and his wife, Barbara, planned to drive to their farm homes in Gettysburg, Pa., after the lunch. A family dinner including the four Eisenhower grandchildren was arranged for tonight at John’s home on one corner of the 500-acre Eisenhower farm. Saturday night, 200 leading citizens from the Gettysburg area will honor “Ike and Mamie“ at a welcome home dinner in the hotel Gettysburg. After Show Was Over Kennedy Sounded A Serious Note Bv RELMAN MORIN WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. — (/ P) — John F. Kennedy spent the first hour and a half of his inaugural day watching the last acts of a glossy revue staged in his honor by a huge cast of Hollywood and Broadway stars. He appeared to be having the time of his life. But when the massive show ended at 1:30 a.m.—90 minutes behind schedule—Kennedy struck a serious note. It is now inauguration day," he said, quietly. “I houe that all of you will join Lyndon B. Johnson and myself in committing us all to the defense of the Constitution of the United States.” Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline, and Vice President-elect and Mrs. Johnson drove to the tion to the armory, milled around in hotel lobbies. The Kennedys reached the armory about a half hour after the show was scheduled to begin. But that was well before thousands of others in the audience reached N^a, Cuard Armor, through Ä £ Mr. Ex-President a stinging, blinding snowstorm. It was one of the worst in Washington’s history. Thousands Stranded. Traffic congealed. Thousands of formally dressed celebrants, stranded for lack of transporta- Culver Troop, Highland Band Are Hoosier Parade Entries W ASHINGTON. Jan. 20— W, —A troop of jet black horses and a Scottish highland bagpipe band were among Indiana’s contributions to the pomp and color of the inaugural parade. The state sent no float to the parade. Indiana’s official representa- Silk Topper In Glory Again WASHINGTON, Jan. 20—(UPD —.John F. Kennedy, a man who never has felt quite at ease in a hat, revived a century-old tradition by choosing a high silk topper for his inaugural. Dwight D. Eisenhower shattered the top hat tradition in 1953 when he wore a homburg to his swearing in ceremony. A check it the Library of Congress indicated Eisenhower * broke a high silk hat tradition that apparently goes back at least to the first inauguration of Abraham Lincoln. An illustration in Harper's weekly for March 16, 1861, shows Maclnnes Clan. both Lincoln and his predecessor. \ ------------------------James Buchanan, wearing silk toppers in the inaunguarl parade. , Some experts maintain that silk hats at inaugurals can be traced back at least to President! Franklin Pierce in 1853. Before that, the records be- ! come sketchy. It is known that George Washington was sworn in ; bareheaded. A contemporary ac- ■ count of his first inauguration j says: “His head was uncovered, j • nd his hair dressed in the prevailing fashion ” tive was the prize-winning 158- member Ben Davis High School band from Indianapolis, last year’s winner of the state cham- j pionship marching band competition at the Indiana State Fair. Under the direction of Ralph Chandler, the band was to play j a marching fanfare based on themes from the conquest motif of “Captain From Castile.” as the unit approached the reveiwing j stand. The famed Black Horse Troop from Culver Military Academy was pressed into service to represent Montana. The troop, said to he the only remaining mounted military organization in the country, has served as an honor escort at national events since 1897, Spokesmen said the 90 boys rid• ing in the parade boned up on their advance college preparatory work so they could take the time away from their classes to serve in the troop’s fourth inaugural parade. Other appearances were in 1913, 1917 and 1957. • The Scottish highlanders of j Muncie Post No. 12 of the Am- vets organization, representing American Samoa, were clad in the audthentic dress of the This was their second such appearance, following their participation in President Eisenhower’s first inaugural. The “Marching Marksmen” band of Tell City High marched for North Dakota. Seventy-eight of the band’s 105 members were to be on hand. Hoosiers boasted of other representation in the parade, well. Gen. David M. Shoup. Marine Corps representative among the J joint chiefs of staff, is a native of Battle Ground, Ind., and 2nd Lt. John N. Nalezny, leader of the “Blue Eagles.” official Air, Force drum and bugle corps, is from Hammond. Indiana Democrats here for the inauguration included Gov. and Mrs. Matthew E. Welsh, Superintendent of Public Instruction and Mrs. William E. Wilson, former national chairman Frank McKinney, state chairman and Mrs. Manfred Core, national committeeman Alex Campbell, national committeewoman Margaret Johnston, and Mayors George Chacharis of Gary. Glen Henderson of Connersville, Jack Edwards of Marion, and C. Wayne Hobson of Dunkirk. reported stranded at the British Embassy. Olivier finally made it. Eleanor Roosevelt, also scheduled to appear with the cast, didn't get to the scene at all. Apparently in order to give other guests time to arrive, Kennedy and his wife waited in a re-j ception room for an hour instead of going to their box. The show was timed to start a moment after he took his seat. It was an hour and 40 minutes late. The armory, with a capacity of 13.000. was abou hrif filled filled when the show started. Democratic officials hoped nevertheless that tickets sold would bring an estimated SI.3 million toward defraying campaign expenses. Kennedy said the party had gone into debt $4 million to win the presidency. Cold Forgotten. Once the big show was under way, the howling storm and bitter cold outside were forgotten. Bette Davis, Frederic March, Sidney Poitier, Anthony Quinn, as and Olivier started it off. Each ; briefly recited some aspect of the world, the United States, and the presidency in the hour of Kennedy s coming to office. Then, for more than two hours, j the stars followed each other on stage. Trank Sinatra, co-producer of the show, quipped that “nobody in the cast is young enough to be in the new Cabinet.” There were singers Sinatra, Ethel Merman. Helen Traubel i Louis Prima, Ella Fitzgerald, Nat King Cole and Harry Belafonte. Between songs, comedians Joey Bishop. Alan King, Jimmy Durante, and Milton Berle held the stage. Gene Kelly and Juliet I Prowse performed the dance numbers. WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. —(UPD—Four thousand Secret Service agents, uniformed police, detectives and military troops protected the new and old presidents of the United States today. They were spotted on rooftops, among the crowds, on cars flanking President Kennedy’s convertible and in unlikely places which must remain secret. They were armed, briefed and ready for action. U. E. Baughman, chief of the Secret Service, said Kennedy had been the target of threatening letters, which were more “vicious” than the usual crank mail which any incoming president receives. Baughman said the letters expressed hostility to Kennedy on both political and religious grounds. All threatening letters addressed to the president are investigated by the Secret Service. Drawn into the elaborate security precautions today were hotel managers, hotel guests, tenants of offices along the inauguration parade route and the crowd itself. Secret Service agents believed the crowd was as much a help as a hindrance in protecting the President from any would-be killer. If a man raised his arm to fire a gun or hurl a bomb, the chances were good that he would be jumped or jostled by some quick-thinking person near him. A woman bumped Giuseppe Zaugara as he aimed a gun at President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt in Miami on Feb. 15, 1933. Zangara’s shots hit five other persons, including Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago, who was killed. The last presidential assassination attempt was on Nov. 1, 1950, when two men tried to shoot their way into Blair House, then the temporary residence of President Harry S. Truman. Truman escaped unharmed but Pvt. Leslie Coffelt of the uniformed White House police was killed in the gun battle on the sidewalk of Pennsylvania avenue. INAUGURAL SCENE UNDER SNOW BLANKET Thursday night after a day of snow. This is the nation’s capitol as it appeared AP Wirephoto. Dazzling Military Might Goes On Parade for New President WASHINGTON, Jan. 20.—(UPD—The United States amassed a dazzling display of military power today for President John F. Kennedy’s triumphal procession to the White House after solemn oath-taking ceremonies at the Capitol. Mighty missiles, aircraft, battle field weapons and 16,000 members of the armed forces—all symbols of the nation’s power to prevent war—were mobilized for the three- hour march down Pennsylvania Avenue. Sixteen thousand civilian participants ranging from high ranking federal and state dignitaries to high school bandsmen and Boy Scouts were on hand with 40 colorful floats and 40 military and civilian Small Peek Into New Home For Kennedys main 34TH OR 35TH WASHINGTON, Jan. 2(1.— I PI) —John F. Kennedy will be listed officially as the 35th President of the United States. But he is only the 34th man to hold the job. The confusion stems from Grover Cleveland, who served two non-consecutive terms, and nho is counted twice by official historians. LADY LAWFORD TO STAY AT HOME BEVERLY HILLS, Calif., Jan. 20. — (UPD — Lady Lawford, received a personal invitation from John F. Kennedy for tonight’s inauguration ball, but she turned it down in favor of the California climate. “Do you realize what the temperature is like in Washington?” she gasped. “I abhor cold weather.” SOVIETS WELCOME CHANGE OF REIGN CORDIAL FINAL BRIEFING SESSION—In an historic and “very cordial” second meeting, outgoing President Eisenhower poses with incoming President-elect John F. Kennedy at the White Bourse just 24 hours before the change n f administration in Washington. Mr. Eisenhower gave Mr. Kennedy a full, up-to-date report on “a number of matters affecting” U. S. security in various parts of the world. . MOSCOW, Jan. 20.--<UPD—The Soviet Union welcomed the end of the Eisenhower administration today and looked to the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy for a turning point in Soviet-American relations. Commenting on the inauguration. the trade union newspaper nanc^ Trud said “the peoples of the en- -------tire world look forward hopefully.” “A new page in United States history begins,” Trud said. “People expect a new fresh wind, bringing improved relations between the great .powers, the United States and the U.S.S.R., leading to mutual understanding and cooperation.” Observers said Soviet policy now would be characterized by watchful waiting until Kennedy has indicated his official reaction to recent Soviet overtures for improved relations. WASHINGTON. Jan. 20.—0JPD —This is an inside look at the White House, which got new tenants today—the John F. Kennedy»*. The executive mansion, home of all presidents since George Washington (who picked the site but couldn’t get it built in time to move in) has been compared, in size and complexity of operations, with a light cruiser. The 150-room house costs $500.000 a year to run. not counting the executive office building next door It has a barbershop, doctor’s office, dentist’s office, swimming pool, movie theater and bomb shelter. It has cooks, waiters, butlers, doormen, gardners, maids, laundresses, painters, carpenters and electricians—some 70 service and maintenance workers in all. It has gold goblets, crystal chandeliers, east, green, blue and red rooms, beds where reigning queens have slept and beds where Soviet foreign ministers have slept. A local real estate agent with a flare for the dramatic once appraised the whole place at $60 million. The first floor, which tourists are allowed to see, by law must be preserved forever with its 18th and 19th Century furnishings. The Kennedys can’t touch that. Bur in the upstairs living quarters they can redecorate all they want. Most of the furniture, however, belongs to Uncle Sam. Congress has appropriated $100.000 for redecoration and mainte- MRS. JACQUELINE KENNEDY . . . The First Lady TEDDY YOUNGER Shyness and Reserve F-l-B DAY EVENT SLATED FOR AUG. 2 Date for this year’s Farm-Industry-Business Day sponsored by the Terre Haute Chamber of Commerce was tentatively set for Aug. 2 Thursday at a meeting of the Chamber’s agriculture committee. John Curley and Kermit Nees accepted the co-chairmanship of the farm group which will host the 1961 program, the ninth FIB Day staged locally. The event is hosted alternately by farmers and businessmen, giving both groups the opportunity to further their mutual interests and understanding. WASHINGTON, Jan. 20.— (ITU—John F. Kennedy is the youngest man ever elected president of the United States. But he is not the youngest ever to serve as President. Born on May 29, 1917, Kennedy is now 43 years, 7 months and 22 days old. Theodore Roosevelt lacked 43 days of reaching his 43rd birthday when he moved up from rice president to President on Sept. 4, 1900, after President William McKinley was assassinated. Other Kennedy “firsts:” He is the first President born in tre 20th Century. He is the first American President of the Roman Catholic faith. He is the first President since Andrew Johnson to have had previous service in both the Senate and House. Kennedy is the second man in U. S. history to enter the White House while both of his parents were living. The first was Ulysses S. Grant. Mixed About Emotions New Role By HELEN THOMAS WASHINGTON, Jan. 20—(UPD—Jacqueline Kennedy today becomes the nation’s first lady with mixed feelings about her new role. Her youth (she is 31), her shyness and natural reserve, her interest in the arts rather than politics, have combined to make her wary of the White House. But in the past few months she has been taking a new look at the job and preparing herself to meet the tasks that lie ahead. She succeeds Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower, 64, who concentrated on making the White House charming and her public appearances strictly social. Mrs. Eisenhower, a sentimentalist, is always sorry to leave any home where she has been happy—and that includes the White House. Tall, elegant Mrs. Kennedy has been boning up on the White House and first ladies, including one she perhaps admires most, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt. But Mrs. Kennedy plans to set her own pace. First, she desires to make the presidency, which her husband John F. Kennedy has called the “loneliest” job, not so lonely for him and her family. She often has said that her life revolves around husband’s. At Husband’s Side. Jacqueline Kennedy, still recuperating from the Caesarean birth of her son John Jr. Nov. 25, selected warm clothing for the inaugural ceremony at the snow- swept Capitol. She planned to remain by the new President’s side through the big day, attending a post-inauguration luncheon for the VIP’s, watching the colorful inaugural parade and visiting the evening social festivities. She picked a stunning white gown, which she designed herself, for an elegant dinner party and the five inaugural balls. bands completing the pageantry. Starting point of the parade was the Capitol Plaza—the scene of Kennedy’s swearing in. Its climax was Kennedy’s special reviewing stand in front of the White House. “World Peace Through New Frontiers” was the theme. It derived from Kennedy’s acceptance speech at the nominating convention last summer. Break Precedent. There were precedent breakers for an inaugural parad*. For the first time 50 states were represented, marking the admission of Hawaii and Alaska. Marking scientific advance was an assembly line space vehicle that had been orbited and recovered. Four years ago, there was no successful U. S. space vehicle in existence. Leading the parade as grand marshal was retired Lt. Gen. James M. Gavin, the famed World War II paratrooper, selected by Kennedy in contrast with the custom of assigning the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The new President, escorted by the 100-member U. S. Army Band and 3rd U. S. Infantry troops in dress blues, was near the vanguard of the procession in an open car with his wife, Jacqueline, and Sen. John Sparkman (D-Ala.). Following was Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson accompanied by his wife, Ladybird, his daughters, Lynda and Lucy Baines, and Speaker Sam Rayburn. Others in the presidential section and joining Kennedy in the presidential reviewing stand were Chief Justice and Mrs. Earl Warren, former President and Mrs. Harry S. Truman, Mrs. Woodrow Wilson and Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, a joint congressional committee, Cabinet members, Gen. Lyman L. Lemnitzer, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the chiefs of the military services. Brings Up Rear. The Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps, dressed in Revolutionary War uniforms, brought up the rear of the presidential escort. The service academies sent 8,650 Cadets, 1,750 from West Point, 3,800 from Annapolis, 1,750 from Colorado Springs, 600 from the Coast Guard Academy and 750 from the Merchant Marine Academy. In the exhibition of military might, there was displayed for the first time a scale model of the 2,000 - mile - an - hour B70 bomber. The millions along the parade route and around television screens saw a 60-ft. model of the Minute Man intercontinental ballistic missile, a Polaris missile, a bomber - carried “Hound Dog” missile and a Thor space booster. NEW ROLE FOR IKE WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. —(UPD —President Eisenhower leaves office today with a $25,000 annual pension, a yearly expense account and free mailing privileges. But he will have to pay taxes on his pension. Congress may give him back his five-star general rank. A move is underway to restore the rank, without the usual $20,000 pension, in view of the allowance he gets as ex-President.
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