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TltE BY MILTON StARR. SUBSCRIPTION RATES; (5ne Year, iti Advance $1.50 Si* Months 75 three Months. 4° JAMES F. WILSON. The death of ex-Senator Jas. F. Wilson removes another of the band of patriots who were active in the maintenance of the Union in its struggle with rebellion. Born in 1828. he was 32 years old when Lincoln was elected, but lie hud even then been in public life for some years, having been a member of the convention which framed Iowa's constitution in 1856. lie was three times elected to the legislature and was president of the senate in 1801. In the same year lie was elected to congress, of which body he was a member eight years, covering the war and reconstruction periods. He ranked with the ablest men of the nation, a fact attested by the offer of the position of secretary of state by Gen. Grant. His public career closed with his twelve years' service of his state in the United States senate. Senator Wilson was a very forcible speaker, and iii his prime he had no superior among the public men in Iowa. He was pronounced on moral questions. His success in politics was due to his ability to serve the public and not to the arts of manipulation so frequently associated with it as a necessary factor. We cannot too highly honor such men. THE TOPIC OF THE TIMES. The best time to study and to discuss any question is when it is before the public, when a general interest in it is felt by the masses of the thinking and voting people. This is the situation with respect to silver at the present time. There are more people interested in the silver question today than are interested in any other public question, and there are therefore more persons who will pay attention to the considerations which are urged on one side or the other of the controversy. The conditions now are much more auspicious than they will be next year, which will he presidential year, and when men and parties will be more in the public mind than measures, though the latter will ever have the thoughtful attention of intelligent citizens. * * *... The Chicago,.Inter Ocean is at once one of the best;papers in, the country and one of the sirJjngest.advocates of silver. But it hlis not IpsiK^ts senses. It is not ready to .cut loose"from the conservative position which has been consistently maintained in the past by the republican party. Referring, last Friday, to the action of the Iowa democratic conference, it said: "It is to be hoped that the good sense of the people in both parties will succeed in holding fast to bona Me bimetallism, unsevered from the conservative position ahvas's hitherto held of utilizing both money metals and keeping all our money at a parity. There was a conference of leaders at Des Moines last week to consider the attitude which should be assumed by the democratic party of Iowa. The silver question waa discussed, and a resolution was adopted, declaring in substance that the parity of gold and silver should be maintained, and that those metals should be treated without discrimination. The resolution is more equivocal even than the usual party pronouncement. The advocates of immediate free coinage are disappointed and disgusted, and they have decided to call a convention in Des Moines early next month. The prospect is thus good for a split in the Iowa democracy The new DesMoines Leader feels impelled }o say that "under present conditions the enactment of a free coinage law would be the most effective way to prevent bimetallism." The advocates of 16 to 1 free silver coinage generally characterize the law of 1873 as a "trick" or a crime, declaring that the object and effect of the Jaw was known only tp one or two men. TJie accepted theory of these advocates seems to be that the clause which demonetized silyer was inserted in the bill by some person without the knowledge of those who passed it- "Coin's Financial School" says that "silver was demonetized secretly." The minds of the people have been filled with the idea that the demonetization was accomplished by a conspiracy set ou foot by the bankers, who accomplished their ends by bribery, : one story bringing in a man named Seyd with half a million of British gold for the corrup- Upn of American legislators. The story is one well calculate4 to inflafne the winds of the suspicious, and espec* folly of those who are ever ready to accept; as revealed truth whatever is told them of tlie balefu} influence of bank- grs upon legislation, TUis story, in its several forms, has been denied and discredited, but it has survived in the Sincere IwJief of many, ana 4ewogogues seen to it that? ttje atwy should, be kept going. A complete investigation of the documentary history of the bill has now been made by R. G. lloff, of the K. Y. Tribune, and from public documents and the records of congress, to which any and every man can have access, it has been shown that there was no secrecy in regard to the object of the bill. The bill which passed finally and became a law in 1873 was feeommehded iti 1870 by the deputy cohtr oiler of the currency and by Mr. Boutwell, secretary of the treasury. The bill, which was feported to the senate finance committee, dropped the silver dollar from the coins of the United States and made khe gold dollar the unit of value, and in the accompanying report by Mr. Knox, the controller, this fact was explicitly stated. The report and bill reached the committee in April and the latter was reported unanimously for passage. In the meantime it had been printed, and copies of it sent to all who Wished them, and it was printed and commented on by the Banker's Magazine in the same year. Six members of the finance committee were from the Pacific coast. The bill was debated for three days and was passed in January, 1871, the vote standing 36 to 14. The Pacific stope senators, including Stewart, of Nevada, voted for it, John Sherman voted against it, on account of his objection to a minor provision of the bill. The bill was reported to the house but was not reached at that session. When the bill came up again in the house, in 1872, Hooper, Stoughton, Kelley, Garfield, Dawes, Holman and others debated it, and ex-" tracts from the speeches of Kelley, the chairman of the committee, from Stoughton, and from Hooper, are given by Mr. Horr in whiclrthe dropping of the silver dollar is specifically referred to. The bill passed the house by u vote of 110 years to 13 nays. It then went to the senate, where it was printed and took the usual course, and on its passage, with some amendments which did not refer to the silver dollar, went t f > the house again and then to a conference of the two houses. The history of the bill as summarized by Controller Knox was that it was printed separately seven times and twice in reports, or thirteen times in all, by order of congress. It Avas considered by the committees of both houses in five dif- :'erent sessions of congress, and the de- Dates upon the bill in the senate alone 6ver sixty-six columns of the Congressional Globe. The demonetization feat- u\'e was a part of the bill from first to last, as was known to all those who examined it. Now the beauty of this statement by Mr. Ilorr, only a brief and incomplete summary of which can be.giveu here, is in the fact that IF IT is,TituiMt is* a ;omplete refutation of every claim.of secrecy or trickery made in regard to the bill. On the other hand, IF IT is NOT TKXIE, tlie demonstration of its untruth is within the easy reach of every investigator. If Mr. Ilorr has been guilty of an attempt to impose upon the people of the country by an appeal to alleged public records which do not exist, some of the high minded agitators who have charged corruption in this matter should, as they can, expose his hishonesty. Until that is done it will not be in order for demagogs to appeal further to popular credulity in this matter. We do not anticipate that any error will be found in |Mr. Horr's quotation of the record in regard to this bill. Unlike many who in these days aro reeling off strings of startling assertions bearing more, or less directly upon this silver question, Mr. Horr is carefnl to state the facts. There will bo 1233 delegates in the republican state convention, if all counties are represented, as is usually the case, and it will require 613 votes to nominate a govern or. r \ '. The report of the Iowa Dairy Commissioner will show 780 creameries in operation in the state, valued at $8,000,000. Kossuth shows up 17 creameries, with a total output of $197,610, Hays the st, Louis Globo-Democrat: Tlie talk about Senator Allison as a candidate for president is increasing, and it is only the simple truth to.say that ho is a safe and capable man, and one who could easily bo elected. James Wilson expresses the growing conviction of the country when he says: It seems that theIpwer our customs dut r ies are the more our markets become the markets of tlie world for outside people, and the ]e?s fayor we get from the 'mark* ets of the outside world. 'This universal brotherhood business does not seem to wprlc well from a business standpoint, nor from a farm standpoint, and the harder up wo got we seem to bo the loss thought ot by t|io world. . On the whole, it seems that Undo Sam is most popular when he looks to his own interests. Evidence that a once .unclouded mind has beeu unbalanced by the strain of populist politics is given in the prophecy by General Weaver that the republicans will soon accept Groyer Cleveland as their prophet, It will be o'f interest to the medical profession to'know that Internal Revenue Collector John C. Kelley has given his ^pinion that no doctor cau legally prescribe aud pive liquors of any kind without having a local and>govoriu«eut license ^he same as a druggist, ftudi any violation of this law. will he punished the same as a druggist or other dealer. One of the points in Senatof speech Friday night that was heartily applauded was the one he made in favor of an educational qualification- for the suffrage. That is jvtst what is rfow proposed in Michigan. The leglslattiro of that state has just passed a joint resolution covering that proposition, and it is to go to the voters next year. It is sound. Congressman Dollivei- will deliver the memorial day address before the (4. A. R. posts of DCS Moiiies:. It will be a: great address. No matter what kind of a currency wn have, it will not rekindle furnaces and employ idle men so long as wo go abroad for our products which can bf>. made at home because of the cheaper labor p.-e- vailing there.—Gov. Win. McKiiiley. Emmet county seems to be a unit in the support of secretary McFarland's candidacy for governor, and the people up there are endeavoring to cheer each other up in the faith that victory will be theirs. The Republican says: While in tlinsouthern and southeastern part of the state M. K. Whelan of this city made it a point to determine the strength of the candidacy of Secretary Me Farland for govcrnor.Mr. Whelan expresses considerable surprise at tho favorable sentiment ho. found for him. In nearly every locality where the secretary hadn't first choice tiie people wore ready to stand by him after giving their home candidate a complimentary vote. Mr. Whelan is, of course, aMcFarland man, but is not prejudiced against the other candidate. He has found the McFarland sentiment the same as many others have who have been over the state and the Republican believes it is growing in his favor everyday. People realize, he has made a splendid showing as secretary of state and has executive ability to make a good governor. He is a Northwestern Iowa man, but if elected will be governor of the whole- state and not of any one locality. i A BROTHER'S TRIBUTE.,. From the Upper Des Moines, oh the death of Anna C. Ingham: She Ayas a rare spirit— of all her father's family the most thoughtful, considerate and ( kind. Unselfishness was a dangerous virtue in her— too unselfish and sensitive her physician said for the exacting conditions of the world she lived in. "She was," Miss Rice said to the Chicago reporters, -"one of the most beautiful characters I over knew— full of sympathy for others -yet never seeking it for herself." Her thoughtfulness for others was so great that she worried for them often without cause. In one of her last letters she wrote: "I should finish the year but ,fecl I'm not fit now to be with children." . And again she wrote: "I am not lit to help the children now and had much better give place to some bright young spirit eager to live and work." Her fear *was that in some way she would not perform her full duty in encouraging and leading the little ones whoso love for her slipuld have been her solace. Even the eventful, Easter morning, so full as it must, ji^ye been to her rnjnd with the great tragedy to be enacted, was still associated with' £he happiness .of others, and in Omaha lind- "'A'lgpna litjble ones opened beautiful i^sr, kets,of Easter eggs, joyfully clapp/ng their -hands in thankfulness to "A^nt Annie," while a younger brother in far o.ff Washingtoi,, to celebrate a happy marriage but three days later, received a handsome present and letter congratulating him upon the prospects for a long and happy and useful life. Even the poor and unfortunate were remembered in this last moment. Among the cards she had originally arranged to place upon her books and goods were several .directed to theni) children in the hospitals, etc., and in pne of her letters she speaks as she always had of tho misery of tho poor of the great city! Six'brothers and sisters look back over the years of her life, some more and some less, oiie over all, 'and not one can -recall : a fault. While they were often forgetful she never forgot. The birthdays and the Easters and the holidays and all the oc-. casions when custom . has sanctioned gift bearing wore marked on her calendar/ .The word of cheer and encouragement she always spoke, the thoughtful, considerate act she never omitted. It is astonishing how, as memory now goes over 'the years, it brings up one after another' of the trifling acts of affectionate remembrance until altogether they create an enormous debi of obligation' that never has been met and now never will be, and which make her inemory a benediction. The sun shone brightly Friday morning when her remains were taken to their final resting place. All nature was beauti^ ful as she loved it— the trees ahead of their season, tho grass like May. And in a casket of cheerful color, bedded in carnations and Hllies of the valley, she lay surrounded by dear. friends, free from the slightest trace of the funeral black she so much disliked, as a last few words were said of her. Rev. Stephens compared her beautifully to the rare blossom which; .lasting but a day leaves its fragrance as a memory and Rev,-Davidson speaking from personal acquaintance, said those things of her life and character which her friends will long cherish most fondly. 'A»d then, hidden iu bushels of flowers, bright crimson and pink and yellow and white, roses and carnations a'nd 1 lilies, all tho gifts of friends and fellow teachers and students, and ail bearing in some form the sontU ment accompanying one bunch, "Arose for each year of • Anna's beautiful life," she was'iaid away. After life's fitful fov*' or she sleeps well; , . : ->, MONEY. I have unlimited wowey iu Joan on Jougov short time. • • \JB. W- Fresh bwA, white, graham, ana ry.e, ut Laogdon & Hudson's 1000 live pigeons wanted atlOc. each, * JOHN G. get o«r The Opetii place to, ftnd "^c' JIM PH1LL1PSJJR1EI) AIM 6ov6fed tfj) Four i?66t ifi a Diteft JOSH the School House (afotirids. By Tremendous Exertions He Is bug dut —Life Almost Extinct, but Resuscitated by Pfohipt and Skillful Treatment. About half £ast eleven o'clock yes* tel-clay forehooh j» M* Phillips Was covered up by the caving in of the Wail of a ditch he was digging on the schoolhouse grounds, fie was workingaloiie at the time, and it \vas only by a fortunate chance that his predicament was discovered by Janitor McMurrayi The latter had been watching Phillips as lie dug the ditch, in search of the water pipe laid last year, and finally he stepped into the school building and passed into the basement, and was gone some ten minutes. When he came out in front again he noticed that the ditch had caved in, and his apprehensions were at once aroused, wheH he noticed that there only the shovel above ground was there when he went in. The other, which Phillips was digging with, he divined, must be under the cave-in, and Phillips with it. He at once called.to Prof. Dixspn, who sent after help While he began to dig. It was only the work of a few moments to gefc men to the rescue, and hard work was put in, but probably fifteen to twenty minutes had elapsed before Phillips could be reached. Once the head was got above the earth, when another lot of dirt caved in upon him, When got out and laid in the school- uouse lobby Phillips was barely alive. He was unconscious and probably had been for some time, and his pulse was scarcely perceptible. Dr. McCoy had come along while the digging was gp^ ing on and at once hurried to his home for restoratives. He was back again before Phillips was got above ground, and it was only by his prompt and skillful treatment that life was brought back. A few moments longer and all would have been over. His resuscitation was accompanied by terribly painful sensations, and as soon as .he could speak Phillips.said he would rather, die. The medicine was administered to him through his clenched teeth- In the course of an hour or two he was got to his home, where he rested comfortably except for a terrible pain ,in his, back. , •,-. The position in which he was found explains fully the strain which lamed, bis back. He had-ji.st laid down -his shovel, as he explains, in order,that/he might throw, out < a stone wlifplj;,'Obr .structed his digging,. jWlien;!.]^,threw out the stone lie stooped down again to pick up his shO"el, and was caught in that stooping position, the stone itself probably serving just the weight that ( was necessary to precipitate the fall of the great pile of dirt, and he was held right there. First he tried to straight-' en up, but that was out of the question and his struggles must soon have ceased and unconsciousness speedily come. Those who did the digging say there was a weight of four or five feet of dirt on Phillips' back. . .... The ditch that was being dug was some twenty feet long, apd was excavated for the purpose of tapping the Water pipe for . a .,lawn hydrant;. An attempt had been made on Saturday to find this pipe, but owing to a mistake in locating the line, it had , not been reached. Ex-Janitor Parker, when he found what they wereafter,showedthein just where it was. The wall of the old ditch came .within a few inches of the new one that Phillips was digging, arid this fact fully explains the cave-in. Among those who dug Phillips out were Janitor McMurray, Hort Neber- gal, Geo, Hunter, Frank Parish, L. Horan and Jacob St. John, Some of the men went from the Parish & Frise store, but they did very lively work when they reached, the scene. The chance, or the scries of chances, run by a man in such a situation as Phillips was in were very small for coming out alive. Probably oiie ; in fifty would be a liberal estimate. ':-.-- LIBRARY CONSOLIDATION The Monday Club Library Goes to the Reading Roorn^New Location Probable, TUB ladies of the Algona Monday Club have concluded aw arrangement with the Algona library A in accordance with which the latter are tp take the library of t>he Club which has so long been kept by Miss Podcl,in the postofflce lobby, and rent out the books along with then- own- ybe Club have the power to terminate the Arrangement ou notice. of • aays v aml while it js in force t j i one half of- the rentals,, The geoietjt isflne that \\Ulbe by paU'PUS of batli libraries, it is eoM8,QliiJa.tipji, but;SQ &» patruns av« concerned, it amounts to that fov the time. Tl»e Monday library has about J,OOQ vojuwes ot choice works, which have been cpllect- ed an4 p»W fov by tUe ladies Repast twelve ynu's. The disposition of tup- bopte Ua krpugMabQutfcyU^ cUwges in Uw p,osto$oe \vWcls made Ji»eiv\ »t*«iUoo there lid longer practicable. Miss JtMct has lawn •«' vely enldent aftd faithful HbfafijtiEi and her services are ho doubt wartfiiy appreciated by the ladies of the Club. A change in the location of the reading room and library has for some time been contemplated, ahd it is likely soon to take place, the present (Jtiar- tefs being unsuitable and undesirable. There is difficulty itt securing really desirable rooms, but the managers are active in that behalf and likely the change will not wait long. ST&UGK BY The Court House flftg Staff Knocked to Smithereens by a Stroke of Light- hing Sunday Might. Everybody who heard anything of Sunday night's storm in this vicinity is aware that there was one particularly loud and sharp detonation of thunder that seemed to be fight close by, Many people got up to peer in the darkness which succeeded the blinding flash ;o see if the next house was not ablaze, Next day revealed the object at which the thunderbolt was hurled, for the flag staff which surmounts the Court House cupola was shivered into a thousand splinters. Clear down to the base it was torn away, and the fragments were scattered over the court house awn in every direction, but mainly to the north and east, On the east side there was hardly a spot ten feet square which was'without a splinter or two. The roof of the cupola was mainly in;act, but the iron column in the center of the south window was thrown out of place, and some brick work at its upper extremety was knocked out. The electric flued spread on the metal roof, and one branch of the current ran down the water spout and knocked out a big chilnck of stone, just below. 'the end, Gallagher, the Germania joipt keeper, was the only occupant of the jail, and his testimony is to the effect that he thought the day of judgement had come. The house seemed to be coming down. • The gilded ball which for twenty-two yeais met the varying zephyrs in .sunV shine and shadow. and overlooked .the march of local progress and improvement from the top of the flag staff was picked up by Janitor Holzbauer. It was made of tin and was found _to contain. a copy of the first number of the Algona "Collegian" and a scrap of paper on which were written the names of some carpenters employed in the erection of the building, and a. bit of family, memoranda, showing the name of the maker's wife Janet and the' ages of his ught^rs, Jennie. and Maggie. The ball was made, by. James Mcln.tyfe arid tih'e "paper, and metneranda vy.ere sealed. in by him. probably without the knowledge of anyone else. Mr. Mclntyre was a skillful and very iugenius workman, who served his apprenticeship in Edinborough, the home of his youth. His f amity now possess specimens 'of his work, in brass, which are genuine works of. art. He built the iron turret of the ventilating tower on the nprth- westeni corner of.; the building, which with utility combines beauty. The copy of the "Collegian" inclosed was printed in the REPUBLICAN office in September, 1872, and in it is a para- grap.h by the editor. Prof, O. H. Baker, which says: "We call the attention of our readers to the tasteful arrangement and beautiful typography of the "Collegian" and acknowledge our obligation to the printer boys of the REPUBLICAN. \Ve will show faces with any college paper printed, east or west." The unexpected apparition of this early specimen of his typographical handiwork recalls ta.the writer the years \yhen the bead o'f Algona College was an everyday visitor at the REPUBLICAN office, ond when his dropping in at any hour occasioned no surprise, Among the advertisers in this first number ot the College paper are to be found very few who have riot long been in the 1 list of back numbers. Of the latter are O, H. Marvin, E. Wood worth and J, W. Kenyon. We want to buy 100 cases of 'eggs this week at lie per dozen. PATTERSON & SON, ANOTHER KQGH The Remaining OJd House Qoes JJp In Flames Sunday Morning, The old building left on the Henry, Koch place, jijst south o( the fail- grounds, whjcfr has been used, for r§si- de'nce, shop and bavn combined since the burning pf the dwelling house las$ winter, burned last Snnday forenoon, Mr, Koch was intoxicated at the time and interposed serious objection when' attempts w.ere made by ou^tders to get at the fl.ve, which originatecl under the floor, and extinguish ,it. us they probably Plight liave done' had, not been interfered \vith p'y the lin ownei', wljo would, not permit to refB.oY<j the fjurnit»v« or otne tepjs. 4'jQtof earpenteis worU wJiipb was dressed rpady for u§e went with the ppst, a,i}4 some m at, eight rcwia «f tbe fair. gra«wd fence wa* burnea ,«p, »eces|iUvting an.e^penaituve ^ p^. for its repla.pem.eBt, M,r, WE CAN'T WIN EffiitV YEAR A firilliant State High School Contest at iSed4* &&\te in tXrhidh Wins iMo Medal. Ari felaborate System of Contests M Year — FifteerJ Mei^ Schools to be Admitted. The State Register of Sunday moi-n- ihg thus summarizes the results of the State JDeclamatofy Cofitest held at Cedar Falls last Friday evening: At the seventeenth annual contest of the High School l)eciamatofy Associatidtt of lowa.held last night, the following awards were made: Dramatic—Margaret Miller, Marshalltown, first, subject, "The Romance of the St. Claire Flats;" Elmer John« son, Villisca, second, subject, "Convict Joe;" OJiVe Jones, Red Oak, third, subject, "Virginia;" Sadie E, Wallace, Rock Rapids, fourth, subject. "The Chariot Race." Hutnbrotts^Anna Barendregt, first* subject, "Aunt SophroniaTabor at the Opera;" Frances Breckenridge, Waterloo, second, subject, "The Invention of a Genius." The Judges were Hon. Ole O, Roe, Des Moines; Miss May Rogers, Du- buqtie, and Miss Florabel Patterson, Oskaloosa. Referee, William Wilcox, Des Moines. Prof, Dixson states that Atgona was very creditably represented by Miss Abra Robinson, buc that the competition which she had to meet was much superior to that at this place last year. A very important change/was made in the arrangements for next yeai. The state was divided into two associations, one covering the northern part of the state and the other the southern parti the dividing line being the main branch of the Northwestern railroad, which runs through Ames, each association to of ganize. with flf teen! schools. The northern association will hold its contest at Hampton and the southern at Mt. Pleasant, and the six in each association winning medals, ,in the oratorical, dramatic and humorous departments, will meet in state contpst at Marshalltown. This will be a much better arrangement than we now have, and will be more'fully representative of the state at large. In the northern territory there are now seven schools belonging to the old association, so that eight new .schools AVill be taken in. It would seem to be the proper time for some of our western neighbor towns, particularly for Emmetsburg, to. c'oniie t^.^'^.Jrpptjjand become an annual ''coippetitotfwfor honors, •;< .;Thfi. 'RBErfpiiidANJwill tuke 1 th'iS'Topportiin^" ity to say that it 'is'l'Vell '.aware tha't the^e-is'taletifc 'pver'ihefe of a high order, which other towns, will have to work hard to beat. ; > The officers :pf tlie northern section for the:ensuirig year are: Supt. Wells, Grundy Center^ president; Supt. F. -J. Sessions, Waterloo, treasurer, arid Supt. Sibley, secretary. Of the state brganization W. A,,Doran, Monticello, i§ president, J. II. Garber, Pella, ! is treasurer;, and W. H. Dixson, of this place, is secretary. ' , BOY RUN OVER to J. A, Hamilton & Co's. and order some of their dry oak wood and a cord of pine slabs. They have the best wood in town. 81-32 The Best-Steel Frame Corn Plasters at The . 5,000 dozenjeggs in trade at Goeders. ATTENTION DAIRYMAN. Have you five or more cows? What is your.purpose'in keepingthem? What is their 1 product. Do they pay youijtnd howmuch? Are you dairying for p'ro» fit and do you wish to increase this prc* fit? If you do call on or write Spurbecfc & Lambert of: Algona, la,, for circulars and information in regard to DeLava) baby separators. It will pay you. till I QUR- 7 (' is Ten you to visit win often, W; A, Ladendorff ..v. -' *?