THE ftfiptJBLlCAN, AtOONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1605. DAIRY AND POULTKY. CHAPTERS FOR OUR RUfcAL RfcAtJERS. Itetfr SaceeSsfai farmers operate This loepartmfetit ot the Hotnc-fctead—-Hints As to the Care of live stock and i Moine Made Gouda Cheese. We have received from time to time inquiries on home cheese making. Mr. «T> H. Monrad says that for home manufacture Gouda is by all odds the best. We reprint from his book "A. B, C» in Cheese Making," the chapter Oft Gouda cheese. It may help some of our readers to utilize their surpltts milk. Cheddar cheese on a small farm is certainly too laborious but—as before said—-every cheese inaker ought to study its making carefully so as to lay a solid foundation on his or her knowledge of cheese making of all other cheese. I know of none more suitable for making dn the farm than the "Gouda." The city of Gouda in South Holland is the center for the production of this popular cheese which is imitated in many places in France under the name of ' 'Fromage de BergUes," in Denmark (a modified skim cheese) under the name of "Export Cheese." Gouda is chiefly made from new milk, but, as do most other cheese, its reputation suffers by the making of half skims. The milk is brought into the make room as soon as possible and strained into a cylindrical barrel on a stand. Color is added and the milk is set at 82 to 90 degrees Fahr. The curd should be ready to cut in fifteen minutes; and this should be done very carefully and gently, either with a wire cutter or with an American curd knife, ?.nd then left for a while, covering the tub with a cloth. The whey separates and most of it is dipped out. The curd is then stirred up gently and further broken by hand uutil it is reduced to the size of beans. The temperature is then raised to 97-104 degrees Fahr. (30-40 de grees C.) either by pouring back some of the whey which has been heated, by adding hot water, or by any other convenient way. The "cooking" temperature depends on the destination of the cheese. The lower the temperature the larger the yield and .the finer a,nd softer body (more moisture) btit less keeping quality; the higher the tern-' perature the better the cheese will keep and stand transportation. • The hot water or whey which is poured on the curd should not be too hot, not above 120 degrees Fahr., and should be added gradually. Whenever the curd pieces "squeak" between the teeth, the "cooking" is .done and the pieces should then be .the sjze- of .wheatkernels.,J,The, iwtiey! is ajppe.d off, and the curd is squeezed and worked with the hands so as to get rid of most of the whey. Many makers salt it at this stage by working it in a box with a double bottom, the upper one being perforated and covered with a cheese cloth. More extensive is the salting in brine. The. salted or unsalted curd is put to press as soon as possible. The hoops (moulds) are deep dishes made of willow wood with a perforated bottpm. The curd is filled in little at a time and pressed firmly and closely with the hands and sometimes with a sort of rammer (potato masher,) The hoop is filled to the edge and then a rounded heap piled on top, and put to press. Sometimes the cheese is taken frpm the press after a short time and broken up and then put to press again. The pressure is only about double the weight of the cheese to begin with, but after a few hours it is doubled and kept up for twelve hours. If a longer keeping quality is desired, the weight is doubled a third time and kept up for three hours more. The cheese is turned every hour to begin with and later every three or four hours while in the press. The holes }n the mould must be cleaned out. If the salt has not been added to the curd, the cheese are placed in the brine trough, This trough is filled with a strong brine and the eheese float in it, a little salt being sprinkled on the top surface. They are turned twice a day and the sprinkling of salt is repeated, It takes four to eight days according to the • size pf the eheese, to finish the salting, Some makers take them'out of the brine after twenty-four hours and dry salt,them by rubbing the salt on, tu,rn- ing them twice a gay pn the salting t»bje, whick is provided with grooves ^%|or draining, This takes, four or five dayj with a el*ee§e weighing fourteen to sixteen pounds, When salted they are washed with warm water, wiped dry with put in, the. curing ar§ turned at first 9»ee, a day, twiee a weefe &p4 after three pnee a, w^e^ £h,e curing the pastures are new, and they afe always small. The system is as described above, but they have a poor keeping quality. "Jew Cheese" also called "kosher" are salted less than the regular Gouda and have a flat circle in the mould where the stencil of the rabbi declaring the cheese "kosher" is carved. "Counselor's Cheese" ate made quite small and have a different color. They have a better keeping quality and are chiefly used for presents. "New Milk Hay Cheese" are those made in Whiter generally from the milk of fresh milking cows but are not considered as good as those made while the cows are on the pastures. THE FERMENTATION TEST. tn making any kind of cheese,wherc, as in the Gouda, the rennet is added to the milk just as it comes from the barn, it is even more important than in making cheddar cheese to have perfect milk, and if there is any trouble, it may be necessary to submit each cow's milk to the fermentation test and thus find out if the trouble lies in the milk from an individual cow. The fermentation test is fnj,ly described in Dairy Messenger No. 2 and be it enough to mention that It consists simply of putting a sample of each cow's milk in a tube one inch by five inches, keeping it at a temperature of about 105 degrees Farh. from nine to ten hours and then obsei ve the action of the'milk. Dr. Gerber places the shortest time for coagulation of good milk at twelve hours, but I have found it (as delivered at cheese factories) to coagulate as quickly as nine hours. Perfect milk should, when coagulated, show a solid column of curd which, if left undisturbed, should stand quite a time without any whey separating and without any g&s bubbles which indicate fermentation. The introduction of this test in our cheese •factories would save the country thousands of dollars now lost in poor cheese, and in this matter, we must also hope the best from the experimental stations.—Farmers' Eeview. CAMP FlftE SKETCHES. Imported Dairy Utensils. To a visitor to the patent office in Washington, the fact is very evident, that the advancement of invention for use in the dairy and creamery is in keeping with any other line, says C. E. Hill. There one will see models of churns, butter workers, cream and milk testers, butter packers for creameries, and various other appliances in almost countless numbers. But there is a question in my mind whether the dairymen of this country are availing themselves of the improvements in this direction. Go, if you please, in a neighborhood of farmers and dairymen where the creamery man has not been, and you will find the milk set'in the tin pans or earthen crocks, in the cellar where it will take up" the Offensive odbrs'of vegetables,' smoked and pickled meats, or anything and everything else that may be there, or perhaps, in the winter time you will find it in the kitchen, where it gets all the delightful (?) odors of. cooking, washing, etc. This ypu will find instead of cans and tanks for the submerged system or milk houses and creameries. There is no reason why this should be, inasmuch as the country is flooded with circulars, and the agricultural and dairy journals are teeming with advertisements of the latest and most improved dairy apparatus. There is no reason why the old-fash- .ioned "dash churn" should be used when a barrel or box churn can be obtained at a slight advance in cost, unless it is that the "dash churn" man wants the old plunger for the reason that it makes the butter come quicker, hence less labor, evidently caring nothing for results. But the dairyman who uses a modern churn preserves the grain of his butter, thus enhancing the value of the product. Furthermore, if we are not near a creamery and are obliged to make butter at home, let us use a lever or roller butter worker and turn the old wooden bowl over to the cook, for use in chopping mince meat and hash. Let us use a dairy thermometer instead of the finger for regulating the temperature of the cream and milk. A Talented Fowl. What is probably the most intelligent fowl in the country is owned by a Staten Island boy, and no amount of money would induce the lad fo part with his pet, says New Yprk Recorder, Dew Drop is where this bright bird and her youthful owner live, and the tricks that the feathered creature knows would shame an acrobat and sleight 9< band man roiled in, pne, A private view was, given one afternoon recently to a number of the boy's friends, a»d then, they sail the bird Fanpy, .was put through her .paces, to the delight of the little audience gat&* ered t<? watch her, First pf all Fa,»»y gracefully walked a tight rope stretched &CTQSJI the back where .ftajateur eir*?w was SOME SHORT STORIES tHE LATE WAR. death awa!ted him " tounA by thea * A Song of the did Unj-g on the Battle irieid — A Mother's tVltch — Logan ftfid the tVh«*ky— StoHea For It. E. Lee. About ot-ant— The branches of the pine trees like sheltering arms bend low, And the limbs above are lighted with the camp fire's 'Middy glow, The crackle of the burning logs, the merry song «»nd speech, All mingle with the rythmic beat of waves Upon'the beach, And resounding through the valley, In echo loud a'^d long, You hear the hll'is call back again the last Words of the song. And comes a solemn moment, when each heart bends to the spell, As further in the distance sounds, "My own true love, farewell." It is only for a moment—the hearts are glad and young— The spirit of the mountain speaks in no familiar tongue. And each face within the circle reflects a merry smile, •Some watch the flames in silence while the banjos tune the while; Some messages are whispered, some answering glances read, The pine trees shed their fragrance as they waver overhead, Then joyous shouts of laughter make the limbs to shake and toss, As the stately mountains echo, "There's one wide ribber to cross." Then the winds forget their sighing and the flames start up again, As a dozen hearty voices join in some farewell refrain, As the boats are quickly laden and the boats push out from shore, The forest with its magic seeks to lure us back once more. The sky above is darker than the shelter of the trees, While the flre is very tempting in the chilly evening breeze, And to catch the mountain echo we linger on our oar, The answer is a mockery—"We'll leave thee nevermore." winter's rain fell all night, and she had two wee children. Finally she decided even these brutal men would not hurt her little ones. She went out and crouched in the rain and dark near the house. The expected marauders came and searched the house, and finding nothing, and nobody but the babies, went out. The mother continued he? watch until morning, fearing to return to the house. The next morning she went In and found her babies in health* ful sleep; even these rough men could hot harm them. But think of the fortitude of the mother's watching all night in the rain, not knowing whether her babies would be molested or not. Cumberland plateau is teeming with legends and stories. Pomona, Tenn. W. A. HAMPTON. p«^rr<«M!g*iR!B^f«F;!<g*iK)£fp« w . nae. grea|yf'(b'yi ^d'a'^ ft ear* Of SUn^ergaylti performed '.with, r by F»npy" on. her littlg apJiles, but that 4oe§ ? ^m^m?m^^ »» n wwi & V$^4^%tf^ 'festwejn^h, C;^|. s W|;£»^tJ7 pfttate^ m Qffl&MQ<Q < fiQ&@5 Qt fame shand 5$? i^sriw™ jrTFWP^S^^fiS^Kvjr'™ -W^^™^ "t^WflP^o Cathartic in the Whisky. Daniel P. Slater, the New York mayor's messenger, is a herculean colored man, who has had a varied and interesting career. He was born in Virginia of slave parents in 1856, says the Commercial, and when the war broke out his parents and other adult slaves were kept in ignorance of the fact until the emancipation proclamation was issued. Then the entire slave household was hurried off to Tennessee, where ultimately they obtained their freedom at the close of the war. Daniel's father was a very devout man andi when his son reached .the age of 15 intended to make h>m ; a preacher. Dan, however, did not take kindly,. to the idea and ran away from home. He got a position in a hotel as a waiter and from that job progressed by easy stages to Washington, where he became the body servant of the late Gen. John A. Logan. He has a fund of funny stories of happenings in the general's household, in most of which he personally figured. It was his duty to see that the general's supply of those things which make for social happiness in the guest room of a Unlte'd States senator was never short. Daniel, however, noticed that the finest whiskies were disappearing in an unaccountable manner, and suspecting that the purlolner of them was a fellow servant, he determined to lay a trap for the miscreant. As his duties took him away from the house during a portion of the day, he thought the only way to detect the culprit was to mix a cathartic in one of the bottles. This he did, and placed the bottle in a position which made it easily accessible. It unfortunately happened, however, that Gen. Logan had arranged for a meeting with some of his friends that day at an hour when Daniel was called away. As his guests were partial to good whisky, the general treated them from his store, and there being but one brand in the cabinet, he helped the gentlemen from the first bottle which came to his hand, Always a keen observer of men, Gen. Logan noticed that his friends made wry faces as they drank the liquor. He then proceeded to extol its merits, told Its age and how it came into his possession, He then attempted to persuade his friends to try a second glass. They unanimously asserted that it was the best liquor they had ever tasted, but protested against taking a second dram on the plea that such extremely fine goods should be preserved for future generations,. Knowing his friends to be men who rarely balked the second turn" bier, the general was puzjsjed, and took a sample himself, "Py thunder! It has a queer taste," he expJaimed, At that moment Panlel entered the ficn. Grant's Self-Control. The wife of a. gallant soldier who was famous for his intrepidity and coolness in battle undertook to rally him in a company of friends upon his nervousness nnd excitability at home. She declared that she had seen him jump out of his chair when a mouse ran across the floor, and that his face had turned white and his hands had trembled when one of the dogs had upset the flre irons in the parlor. "A man may be courageous,"said the general, "without having tough and hardened nerves. When I was heading a charge upon the enemy's works or standing in the open field a mark for sharpshooters I did not know the meaning of fear, but the sudden cry of a night bird in the woods would set me trembling from head to foot. A battle, with its continuous cannonading and carnage never affected me, but I lost color and turned cold whenever anything unexpected happened." This was a form of nervous excitability from which Gen. Grant was singularly free. One of the war time photographers recently related an incident which illustrated his extraordinary coolness. It occurred soon after the general's arrival in Washington from the west to take command of the army of the Potomac. Secretary Stanton accompanied him to a well-known gallery where his photograph was to be taken. The general dropped into a seat between the skylight before the camera which the photographer was adjusting. Suddenly there • was a tremendous crash, and a shower of broken glass fell around the general. A boy who had been sent to the roof to pull off the tarpaulin cover in order to let in a stronger light had fallen through the skylight to his waist, and had smashed the heavy plate glass. Gen. Grant neither flinched nor moved a muscle. He glanced up at the skylight where the struggling boy's legs were dangling above him, but he neither spoke nor left his seat. "There was a slight drawing up of the nostrils, and that was all," the veteran photographer takes pains to explain. Secretary Stanton, who was a nervous man and easily disturbed, turned pale :and drew the operator into the dark room. "Don't let this get out in the newspapers!" he exclaimed. "It would look like a design to kill the general." The great, silent soldier smiled grimly at the secretary's excitement and waited patiently for the operator to go on with his work. It was a trivial, insignificant incident in comparison with the stirring battle scenes from which he had come in the west or with the exhausting campaigns which he was to direct'in Virginia,'but it disclosed his characteristic quality of invincible self-contpol. It was the great war secretary's first real introduction to the impassive man of iron, nerves, who seemed to be without roonj, eyes fell upon the bottle and he knew it was the one 'he had dosed, The consternation depicted upon his face was observed by all, and nQtietne his manner, the 'general said: "What's the matter with this whisky, " retorted PanJeJ, "Certainly, that whisky," replied the general. Story About Gen. Gra nt. An incident is related to me by an old friend of Mr. Lincoln, who was witness to the occurrence. One morning after President Lincoln's assassination, Gen. Grant was carelessly riding down Pennsylvania avenue when he saw a group of gentlemen, all of whom he knew. He stppped his hprse and found these gentlemen excitedly discussing something that they heard Andrew Johnson was just about to do at the white house, A spokesman told Gen. Grant, that Andrew Johnson had determined to revoke the parole of certain confederate officers. Grant listened quietly, slowly smoking his cigar, When his informant finished, Grant remounted his horse, rpde rapidly toward the white house and went straight in to interview Andrew Johnson. He asked: "Mr. President, I understand you are determined to revoke the parole of certain of the confederate leaders whP surrendered to me at Appomattox." "I am considering the matter," replied the President. "By whose authority," asked Gen. Grant, "do you revoke a parole signed by me?" "By the authority of the United States," replied Andrew Johnson, with sproe asperity. Grant quietly replied: "By the authority of the pf the fif , do you mean by aefelns these r wared, the general, I i'PQSe J musf ggn,e g<jn,e and tQjgetcft a,«goW Wh.ft'8 lb,§en. Wftjj not compelled, to get »l 9«fc Jtter, gl ttWt hit mjjnor-y, armies of the United States that parole shall not be' revoked," and turned on his heel and quietly left the white house, Johnson knew Qrant. He knew the army of the United 3tates was at his back, .jjp thing; mere -was 'heard ot the Capita}, Tiff JMohnioad State sayg editorially: ( '6-u ebejng ma ;de j n sojne that the birthday of ' be made a, n&tipna,} estion Is in the way pf a tribute, to s,l\ Afflertpan who wag made toque by the great civil war The beat; 4«ftji«es were given, prom nence. fey^ that- tyemjn^ous co --- tal un ihjs bJH,> prdjr- ftsr sonfe 8l te amend by inserting ta idncoin, flu t» What is the When f ver, it ern get mlv , m £• Md,llttt;«| Highest 6f all in Leavening Powefr.^Latest I. S. Gov't kept! « Powder PURE FIVE O'CLOCK TEA, The "Napoleon craze'' is illustrated Sn some spring 1 and summer fashions. Women with back-pleated skirts on are seldom tired enough to sit down. Some new souvenir spoons have a favorite Atlantic steamer in miniature. Fashionable education must include the ability to detect and name flue china. What vsed to be called the "Lang-try knot" has been revived in hair dressing 1 . Sympathy for women with wasp waists is confined to those who suffer as they do. It is a good siprn of the times that women are getting back to common sense shoes. Velvet is in high favor for ceremonious gowns among matrons who can afford them. " Hand painted chamois skin cloths are the proper thing for highly polished tables. To Teachers an<l Otlicrs. For the meeting of the National Educational Association at Denver, Colo., Jn July, next, the Western trunk lines have named a rate of one standard fare, plus two dollars for the round trip. Variable routes will be permitted. Special side trips at reduced rates will be arranged for from Denver to all principal points of Interest throughout Colorado, and those desiring to extend the trip to California, Oregon and Washington, will be accommodated at satisfactory rates. Teachers and others that desire, or intend attending this meeting or of making a western trip this summer, will find this their opportunity. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway (first-class in every respect) will run through cars Chicago to Denver. For full particulars write to or call on Geo. H. Heafford, General Passenger and Ticket Agent, Chicago, 111. In world building God lias no opposition, but in salvation, man and the devil are both against Him. Home-Seekers' Excursion. The Chicago Great Western Railway will sell excursion tickets to western and southwestern points February 12, March 5 and April a, 189."), at one regular tirst-class fare plus $2.00 for the round trip. Tickets good returning twenty (20) days from date ot •ale. Further information regarding stopovers, etc.j will be given on application to any ticket agent of this company, or F. H. LORD, G. P. & T. A., •;<":•" •.'-'.;:.,- Chicago, 111. The true Christian will Iteep right on growing In grace, whether he can have -his own way or not. Send For It. It's Free. Everyone who is dissatisfied with bis surroundings, who wants to better his condition in life, who knows that he can do so if given half a chance, should write to J. Francis, Omaha, Neb., for a copy of a littla book recently issued by the passenger department of the Burlington Route. ,It.is.entitled .'.'A New.Empire". and contain's 32 pages of information about Sheridan county and the Big Horn Basin. Wyoming, a veritable lijnd of promise towards which the eyes of thousands are now hopefully turned. Goi and heaven aru with is in his right place. the man who The Modern Way Commends itself to the well-informed, to do pleasantly and effectually what was formerly done in the crudest manner and disagreeably as well. To cleanse the system and break up colds, headaches and fevers without unpleasant after effects, use the delightful liquid laxative remedy, Syrup of Figs, The wicked have no possessions that are Ore-proof. _ The AVabash Line, April the 2nd the Wabash Line will sell excursion tickets to southern points at one ' fare for the round trip. Liberal stop-overs allowed. , For information call on or address Horace Seely. Commercial Agent, 320 Fourth street, Des Moines, Iowa. When we dp not give according to our means we do according to our meanness, Coe'a Con git |s the oldest and best, • It win break up ft Cold quick- f>f (ban aiiytfalng else. Xt Is always reliable. Try It. A woman's brain d clines in weight after the age of 80, _ "Hanson's Magric 'Corn Salve," Warranted to cure or money refunded. As>k your drugtfibt for (*• Price 15 cents. ''You thjpk you know it all, don't you?" "Me? Goodness, no! I'm married." If t|»e Bftl»y Is Be sure and use ttmt old and well-tried remedy, MBS. Wjxst.ow'8 SpoiHHjQ BYBBP for Children Teething, A. f nil moon, reflects one three-thousandth part of the .SUB'S light, _ I have found Pigp's Cure fop Consumption an. unfailing medicine,— Jf\ tf, LOT?, 1805 Scott St., Covlngton, Ky., 0<?t. 1, 1894. True greatness has no peed to carry a tag t9 A HUNDRED* VEARS ACJO* Imprisonment for debt was a Cora* mon praclica. There was not a public library in the United States. Every gentleman wore a queue and powdered his hair. An old copper mine in Connecticut was used as a prison. Almost all the furniture was 1m* ported from England. There was only one hat factory and that made cocked hats. Crockery plates were objected to because they dulled the knives. Virginia contained a fifth of the. whole population of tlm country. A man who jeered at the preacher 5 or criticised the sermon was fined. "~ OMEN'S FACES —like flowers, fade ami wither with time; thcltfubni of the rose is only known to the heulthy woman's checks. The nervous strain caused by the ailments and pains peculiar to the HCX. and the labor and worry of rearing a family, can often be traced by the lines in the woman's face. Dull eyes, the sallow or wrinkled face and those "feelings of weakness" have their rise in the derangements and irregularities peculiar to women. The functional derangements, painful disorders, and chronic weaknesses of women, can be cured with Dr. Pierce's Favo'rite Prescription. For the young 'girl just entering womanhood, for the mother and those about to become mothers, and later in "the change of life," the "Prescription " is just what they need ; it aids nature in preparing the system for the change. It's a medicine prescribed for thirty years, in the diseases of women, by Dr. R. V. Pierce, chief consulting physician to the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute^! Buffalo. N. Y. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription will cure the chronic inflammation of the lining membranes which cause such exhausting drains upon the system. It cures nervous prostration, sleeplessness, faintness, nervous debility and all disorders arising from derangement of the female organs and functions. Mrs. JJSNMIS WILLIAMS, of Jlfoftawi. Lane Co., Oregon, writes: "I was sick for over three years with blind dizzy spells, palpitation of the heart, pain in the back and head, nud at times would have such a weak tired feeling when I first got np 5u the morning, and at times uervcms chills, , , , The'pliysiclnus (lit fered as to what my disease was. but none of them did me any good. As soou as I commenced taking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, I besan to ,,„_ ... get tetter ; conlcl sleep MRS - WILLIAMS. ^ well nights, and that bad. nervous feeling: and tlie pain in my back soon left nie. I can walk several miles without getting tired. I took i» all three bottles of' Prescription' and two of •Discovery.' " HIGHEST AWARD WORLD'S -FAIR, m "A UUP of Parfc^ Ten at e PQyyeJf JB the morning, " The inhabitants of Bap jsjanxj, in tfee plate hair, Dyspeptic.DelicateJnf irrri and AGED PERSONS THE SICK ROOM FOR INVALIDS r^_O NVAUESCE ,r ^NURSING MQTHER§,INFANTV* ^^^^ ^^^ ^^R ^^w ^RM^V ^Bi^^ 4^k ^fffjgngjjl ^fjf; ^| f .tfl! s vm Mrmlm m fr« »'-.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month