BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 64 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader BlythevUle Herald • BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JUNE 5, 1954 EIGHT PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CUNTg Unification Of Korea Is Studied Geneva Talks On Indochina Are Recessed By MICHAEL GOLDSMITH GENEVA (AP) — The stalemated Geneva conference turned back today to the question of how to unify Korea— a task already written off as hopeless by most Western delegates. With the stalled Indochina peace talks in recess three days the 19- party Korean parley scheduled a plenary session today. Communist delegates were expected to reply to a 14-point pro- postl made two weeks ago by South Korean Foreign Minister Pyun U. S. Negotiating With Red China To Get Prisoners GENEVA (ffi— The United States opened direct negotiations with Communist China today in an effort to obtain the release of over 200 Americans detained in China. This was announced by the U. S. delegation to the Geneva conference, shortly after the first talks were held. It was the first direct contact the United States has had with Red China at Geneva. The United States previously had refused to deal with the Peiping regime, which it does not recognize. The U. S. representative at the talks was Alexis Johnson, American ambassador to Czechoslovakia. Yung Tai for free elctions throughout Korea under United Nations supervision. The Communists have maintained throughout the conference that the U. N. — as a belligerent in the Korean War — was not qualified to supervise all — Korean elections. They were almost certain to reject the Pyun proposals and repeat their demand for Communist-style elections repeatedly rejected by the West- Allies Agree The 16 United Nation Allies of the Korean War agreed yesterday to a proposal by U. S. Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith to call a restricted session on Korea Monday Apart from a brief procedural debate early in the conference, Monday's session will be the first to discuss the Korean problem privately. It will be limited to the Big Pour. Red China and North See CONFERENCE on Page 8 Theater And Hotel Here Sold A hotel and a theater here were sold in separate transactions during the past week, it was learned yesterday. Sold were the Glencoe Hotel at Second and Ash and the Mox Theater at Main and 21st. Wert Aiken of Jonesboro purchased the Glencoe Hotel for $100,000 from Filmore Gibson of Blytheville this week and plans to take over operation of the establishment personally. No immediate plans have been made for any changes in operation or in redecorating the building, Mr. Aiken said this morning. Realtors F. B. Joyner and J. E. Stevenson handled the sale. Mr. Gibson had owned the Glencoe for the past 10 years. The theater was sold by W. L. Moxley of Blytheville to Sam Becker of Memphis. Mr. Becker took over operation of the theater Tuesday and plans to move to Blytheville soon. The name Mox Theater will be retained. Mr. Moxley said. He also said he will devote all his time this summer to operating the swimming pool at Walker Park. OFF TO GIRLS' STATE — These 13 delegates selected by Blytheville civic groups left this morning for the week-long Girls' State encampment at Camp Robinson sponsored by the Arkansas Department of the American Legion. They are (left to right) Peggy Taylor, Polly Deer, Linda Rayder, Gail Whitsitt. Carmen Gary, Monya Blankenship, Peggy Young: of Burdette, Ann Seay. Pat Partlow, Janet Johnson, Martha Bean, Delores Adams, Patty Scott and Evelyn Bowen, junior counselor. (Courier News Pholo) Stevenson Says U.S. at Crossroads Of Democracy, Totalitarianism NEW YORK (AP) — Adlai E. Stevenson said today America is suffering from a "national neurosis" of self-doubt and may be at the crossroads of democracy and totalitarianism. "That we are not invulnerable, ... Is, I think, demonstrated by many symptoms," he said, "of which McCarthyism ... is only one." Untaxed Cigarettes Bring $22,950 Fine A $22,950 fine—largest of its kind in the state's history —for attempted sale of 918 packages of untaxed cigarettes was levied against W. W. Roland, Pecan Point merchant, by Circuit Judge Charles Light in a Circuit Court hearing at Osceola Thursday. Arkansas Revenue Commissioner <f> —— Vance Scurlock said in Little Rock yesterday tht the judgement constituted the revenue department's j biggest penalty to be obtained under I the 1941 cigarette tax law. The' statute provides a maximum $25 per pack fine for possession of untaxed cigarettes. The case for the State was argued by O. T. Ward, attorney for the revenue department, who told the court Rowland had admitted getting the cigaretes in Missouri Bruce Ivey. Osceola attorney representing Roland, argued the law was unconstitutional in oral arguments presented in the judge's chambers in the Osceola Court House. Proceedings against Roland were Monthly BVD Slated; First To Be June U begun in September by the reve- gust Plans for revised Blytheville Value Days trade promotion, this summer were announced yesterday by the* Merchants-Division of the Chamber of Commerce. This year's promotions will be once-a-month affairs to be held during June, July and Au- nue department after the untaxed cigarettes were found on the counter of his Pecan Point Grocery, located about eight miles east of Joiner, in April, 1953. Evidence was presented during the trial to show that the cigarettes were obtained in Missouri to escape the 6 cents-a-pack Arkansas tax. According to representatives of the revenue department it is hoped the heavy penalty assessed Roland will prove discouraging to heavy bootlegging of Missouri cigarettes into the Blytheville area suspected by the department. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and warmer this afternoon, tonight and Sunday; widely scattered thunderstorms west portion Sunday. MISSOURI — Increasing cloudiness, windy and warmer this afternoon and tonight with scattered thundershowers northwest tonight; Sunday mostly cloudy and windy with scattered showers and thunderstorms. Maximum yesterday — 75. Minimum this morning — 53. Sunset today —. 7:10. Sunrise tomorrow* — 4:47. Mean temperature (midway between high and low) — 64. Precipitation last 24 hours to 7:00 t. m. today — none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to d«tc — 22.74. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday — 92. Minimum this morning — 6*. Precipitation January 1 to date — 29.45. Cotton Squares From Early Crop Reported Here Frost-bitten cotton continued to look good as it made its comeback in warm weather this week and first squares were reported to the Courier News. G. J. Whittle, veteran Mississippi County farmer of near Blytheville, brought in the squares today. It was among early cotton which was hit by a two-day cold wave which killed much of the early crop. Mr. Whittle said his crop "looks fine" now, however. Each BVD promotion will last three days. The first will be held June 17-19. according to Al Boyll, head of the BVD committee's planning group, which met yesterday. Forty Blytheville firms will participate in the BVD promotions, he said. These firms will be identified by the BVD flags that will be flown in front of the stores. Primary emphasis of the BVD days will be placed on reduced prices for quality merchandise, Mr. Boyll said. Supplementary promotional activities such as drawings will be left to the individual merchants, he said. A. 0. Hudson is chairman of the BVD Committee. First Nationwide Civil Defense Drill Planned WASHINGTON >'/P) — The Federal Civil Defense Administration is planning its first nationwide drill during which 41 major U. S. cities will come under mock atomic attack. FCDA announced last night that "Operation Alert," scheduled for June 14 and 15, is intended "to increase theo perational capabilities of all civil defense organizations, test communications facilities, and provide realistic training for civil defense workers." Wanna Be a Dogcatcher? City Gives Free-Lancers Chance * The 1952 Democratic nominee for president told a bicentennial conference of Columbia University he has been disturbed "by what seems to me the chorus at home and abroad of irrational criticism, abuse and mistrust of America, its motives and its peoples. "I don't mean just the . . attacks on academic fieedom, the pressure for conformity, our failures in the field of foreign affairs, or the present wretched manifestations in Washington of our national neurosis." he said in a prepared address. (Although he did not say so. the "manifestations" he referred to apparntly were the hearings involving the Army and Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R-Wis)). Surface Symptoms "Rather I am talking about malice, distemper and the new fashion of being cynical, sarcastic and skeptical about America, or about fellow Americans in large groups. ..." "What's the matter with us, anyhow?" He asked. "The usual diagnosis is ignorance and fear. . . . "But I wonder if all these alarming concerns are not America's surface symptoms of something' deeper; of a moral and human crisis in the Western world which might even be compared to the 5th and 6th Century crisis when the Roman empire was transformed into feudalism and early Christianity, or the crisis of a thousand years later when the feudal world exploded and the individual emerged with a new relationship to God, nature and society. ... "Since man cannot live by bread alone, is not the underlying crisis whether he is going to be inspired and motivated again by the ideas of the humanistic tradition of the Western culture, or whether he falls for the new pagan religions, the worship of the state and a leader, as millions of believers in the Fascist or Soviet systems have already done? "That we are not invulnerable, that there is a moral and human vacuum within us is, I think, demonstrated by many symptoms, of which McCarthyism — which has succeeded in frightening so many— is only one." Success Story • Recounting American accomplishments at home and abroad, Stevenson said "the plain truth is that we . . . have written the greatest success story in human history. . . "We here in America have in a few years made socialism obsolete, and shown communism to be a joisome, stagnant pool of reaction, a breeding ground for all the diseases of violence, slavery See STEVENSON on Page 8 A youthful volunteer brought in a stray dog to the police station this morning and asked for the usual $1 fee paid to a dogcatcher for the pooch. Since that seemed to be a fair trade, Police Chief John Foster accepted the dog and agreed that he would pay the regular fee to anyone who brought in a stray dog and deposited it in the city pound. After a short tim«, the boys and some pals, returned with another dog which they deposited and then went after more. Chief Foster said this morning that this seemed like a growing thing and promised the fee to anyone who brought in a dog. Payment for the canines is made every Monday morning. The city does not have a regular dogcatcher at this time, since the last one quit to haul cotton choppers. The dagcatcher has always been paid at a rate of $1 per dog that he picks up. Anyone wishing to go into the dog catching business during their spare time, Chief Foster said, can bring the canine by police station before taking it to the city pound. Name of the catcher will be. taken and payment will be made the following Monday. Thus far, the city clerk's office has sold a total of 461 city- licenses for dogs. All dogs which do not bear a city license and a rabies tag are fair game for the free lance catchers. Korean Offensive Seen TAIPEH, Formosa i/P) — The Interior Ministry's Tatao News Agency said today the Chinese Reds are readying an all-out offensive in Korea if the Geneva conference breaks down and have massed 250,000 men on the Indochina border. French Planes Blast Vietminh Ammo Dump Red Convoys Pounded By Dirt Bombers HANOI, Indochina (Ji — French warplanes blew up a Vietminh ammunition dump 35 miles east of here today and dive bombed Communist-led rebel troops creeping toward this war capital on two roads. A French army spokesman said the dump apparently was "an emergency storage area for small arms and mortar ammunition." Direct hits by thousand pound bombs were reported on Vietminh convoys on Routes 13 and 41. the roads the rebels are using to move toward Hanoi from Dien Bien Phu in a pincer move. Pilots reported seeing several large explosions and fires. The most advanced Vietminh column from Dien Bien Phu was reported 50 miles west of the Red River Delta 'efense perimeter. Rail Line Cut Vietminh saboteurs cut rails on the vital supply line between Hanoi and the Haiphong seaport. A French briefing officer said the damage was quickly repaired and traffic only briefly delayed. Vietnamese rail guards withdrew under rebel attack from a post near Haiduong, 32 miles east of Hanoi on the Haiphong road, but the post was retaken by French Union forces at daybreak and the supply route for American war materiel was not endangered, the spokesman said. Meanwhile, U. S. sources in Saigon said plans to airlift three battalions of French soldiers from North Africa to Indochina with American Globemasters have been abandoned because of diplomatic difficulties. The red tape involved in getting clearances through half a dozen countries each time the airlift Is undertaken contributed to this decision, the informant said. Tremor Hits Cyprus NICOSIA, Cyprus itfi — A sharp earth tremor, the second in 36 hours, shook the Paplios arc:! of western Cyprus this morning It lasted only three seconds and no damage or casualties were reported. Young Escapee Recaptured at Caruthersville CARUTHERSVILLE, Mo. - Two teenage escapees of the Tennessee Industrial Training School at Nashville, Tenn., are being held in county jail on auto theft charges after being arrested at a police road block near Portageville, Mo. The youths stole an automobile in Memphis yesterday and abandoned it about five miles south of Steele. Taking another car in Steele, they were seen leaving town and county authorities were notified. Roadblocks were thrown up on several highways to intercept the car which was stopped at Portageville. Pcmiscot County officers were told by the two youths that they were on their way to St. Louis to visit Lcdford's sister. No word has been received from the Tennessee authorities as to their intentions of recovering the boys, according to the sheriff* office. State Hospital Fugitive Caught John Sparks, 32, Nabbed at Hayfi By State Trooper HAYTI, Mo.—State Highway Patrolman Ed Kelcy of Hayti arrested John Sparks, 32, the last of four escapees from the criminal ward of Arkansas State Hospital in Little Rock while Sparks was walking down a street in Hayti yesterday afternoon. The three others were captured within two days after breaking out of the hospital, last Month. On a tip from a person who gave Sparks a ride, Trooper Kelck picked him up without resistance. Sparks's father lives on a farm near Hayti, and patient was seen in the vicinity a few days after the break. He is being held in Caruthersville County Jail for return to Arkansas. Sparks told Pemiscot County officers that he had hitch-hiked to Blue Island, 111., and had received treatment in a hospital of the Chicago suburb. Money was raised for a ticket back to St. Louis by the hospital and Sparks hitch-hiked back to Hayti from there, he said. The four fugitives took the keys from an attendant at the Arkansas hospital and fled down a fire escape May 22. The next day, Calvin Gilmer was picked up the following day near Memphis and later police arrested Billy Phillips at Brinkley. Sparks had been transferred to Little Rock after killing a guard at the Ben ton unti of the hospital *bout two years ago. M'Carthy Says Army's Case Has 'Blown Up' Senator Claims Release of Phone Transcripts Prelude to Victory WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) claimed today the story told in long-secret monitored telephone calls "blows up" the Army's case against him in his bitter battle with top Pentagon officials. Before taking off for Ripon, Wis., to make a speech marking the 100th anniversary of the Republican party, McCarthy left no doubt that he regarded yesterday's hectic developments as a prelude to final victory in the swirling controversy. He told newsmen thnt disclosures *•———— •— "• during the televised Senate probe into the dispute of hitherto-unpublished transcripts of Army-monitored phone conversations, between Senate Investigations subcommittee senators and Secretary of the Army Stevens, "blows up their whole case." The culls spilled into the hearing record one nfter another yesterday, breaking a logjam over their release that had held them back since soon after the public inquiry began April 22. The colls quoted Stevens, in a March 8 talk with Sen. Symington (D-Mo» shortly before tine Army filed its "o r e s s u r c" charges against McCarthy and his aides. as saying that the current reports of preferential treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine "were very much exaggerated." The Army's formal charges accused the McCarthy camp of seeking by improper means to win special privileges for Schine. a former consultant to the investigations subcommittee headed by McCarthy. Symington Joined Army The calls also disclosed that Symington joined forces with the Army side at one point in the dispute before it got to the hearings stage. Symington was quoted as advising Stevens to seek advice from Clark Clifford, a former top aide to President Truman, and ae telling Stevens that Deputy Atty. Gn. William P. Rogers was "one other fellow that is on your side." The Missouri senator gave this explanation as the content of hi transcribed discussions with Steven$ came to light: He had willingly taken "sides" with the Army in nn effort to help stop McCarthy's reported abuse of Army witnesses; that he had not talked to any principals in the case outside the hearing room once the subcommittee took, on ibs investigations; and that he did not know if Stevens ever went to Clifford. Rogers, already named in McCarthy contentions that administration officials outside the Army had a hand in the case, said in a speech at Willimantic, Conn., last night that "there are many more important things" to attract the attention of the American people than "these congressional hearings." He refused comment as to which of the two battling groups he sympathized with. With the hearings in recess until Monday, several more of the phone calls between Stevens and subcommittee members and the McCarthy carnp principals remained to go into the public records. The calls were originally taken down in shorthand by Stevens' secretarial staff. McClellan Calls Slated Still to come are the calls of Sen. McClellan (D-Ark), and of McCarthy and his aides—and all were promised when the proceedings start again before the TV cameras Monday. The six-weeks-old hearings came to an explosive climax yesterday in fast-b r e a k i n g developments over Army charges that McCarthy See McCARTHY-ARMT on Page 8 Tomato Area Hit by Tornado Damage to 11 Tomato area houses was reported today by Charles R. Moore. Red Cross disaster chairman for Chickasawba District, who pointed out that none of the home were damaged severely. Mr. Moore inspected the area yesterday. A tornado struck there Wednesday night. One man, Charles Wagner, elderly Tomato resident, was brought to Blytheville for treatmtnt and diagnosis. He is not believed seriously injured. Ike Scores Victory For Tax Program WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower scored a big victory for his 1954 tax program in Senate Finance Con> mittee action yesterday on the omnibus tax revision bill. Senate Approves 'Atomic-Age' Amendment Would Keep Congress In Business in Case Solons Killed in Attack WASHINGTON (/?)—The Senate has voted its overwhelm inn f proval of a proposed constitutional amendment aimed fit keeping Congress in business even if an atomic attack should wipe out many of its members. The proposed amendment, approved 70-1 by the Senate yesterday, would empower state governors to appoint interim members of the House of Representatives if jts roster should be severely cut House vacancies now can be filled only by special elections. Goes to House Under the "atomic age" amendment, governors—who now can name Senate replacements in the event of death, resignation or ouster—would have authority to appoint temporary Hou.se members after a presidential proclamation that "by reason of acts of violence during a nntional emergency or n national disaster" the number of House vacnncies tops 145. At full strength, the House has 435 members. The proposed amendment now goes to the House, where two-thirds approval of those voting Ls required to send it to the states for ratification by at least 36 of the 48 legislatures. During two hours of debate before the vote, some senators stressed the need for quick action. Sen. Case (R-SD) noted that ratification by the states can take up to seven years and that an atomic or like disaster could break over the nation before that time has elapsed. Vandals Raze Rural Route Mailboxes An outbreak of vandalism in destruction of rural mailboxes was reported today by Blytheville Postmaster Ross Stevens, who said several boxes on Route 1, East of Blytheville have been destroyed recently. The boxes have been knocked lat, posts destroyed, and in some .nstances the boxes thrown away, according to reports. Persons found guilty of tamper- ng with rural mailboxes are subject to fine of $1,000 and possible imprisonment, the same penalty provided for destruction of city boxes, according to postal officials. The ocmmittce voted by the unexpectedly wide margin of 9 to 4, with two abstentions, to accept the lust remaining major provision in the House-passed bill — the controversial, plan to give substantial tax relief to stockholders on dividend income. This provision — strongly sought by the administration — involves the biggest revenue loss in the bill except for the accelerated depreciation section which the committee approve! Thursday. The Semite group now expects to clean up work on the 875-page measure next Monday or Tuesday. However, the staff will have a lot of drafting work to do so the bill is not expected to be ready for the floor until about June 21. One big 1 question that still may come up in the committee is a proposal for a general income tax cut, by raisin g personal exemptions. General Cut S«en One veteran member, who declined use of his name, said the chance for a general reduction had been improved greatly by the group's decision to retain the divis dend income relief provision. TJiis also was the view of Sen. George (D-Ga), senior committee Democrat. Asked after the vote yesterday whether the action brightened the chances for a general income tax cut of some kind, he .said: "I would think so. I would hate to yo to the floor with a bill which gave this dividend relief and didn't do anything for 90 per cent of the taxpayers." George came up yesterda-y with a surprise plan which he offered as a substitute for the dividend relief section. It would give a $20 tax credit to each taxpayer, who would be entitled to knock this amount off his payment each year. It was rejected 10 to 4 with one committee member not voting. Republicans immediately speculated this was the Democratic substitute for the broader income tax relief plan previously sponsored by George and two efllow Democrats on the committee, Senators Kerr tOkla) and Frear (Del). $4.5 Billion Cut But George declined to confirm this. He said he still might offer the earlier proposal in the committee next week. This would cut income taxes $4,500,000,000 the first year by raising personal exemptions $200 and bring a $7,800.000,000 annual reduction starting in 1965 by a $400 exemption hike. Estimates varied on the revenue lofis from the $20 credit plan. George said it would be about 850 millions a year. Finance committee experts said their quick guess was at least $1.300,000,000. The dividend income relief provision would lose 240 mil-lion in revenue in the first year, 814 million at full effect. The relief would work this way: The first $50 of dividend income would be exempt from income tax in the first year, $100 annually after that. In addition, the taxpayer could deduct directly from his tax 5 per cent of his dividend income above $50 in the first year and 10 per cent above $100 thereafter. The administration has fosght See IKE on Page 8 5 Huge Blasts Rock Chemical Plant CHARLESTON, W. Va. W)—Tons of water pumped from the Kanawha River held at bay today a dangerous chemical plant fire after a ;eries of five "atomic-like" explosions shook the countryside and inured at least 52 persons. Company officials said as far as they could tell all personnel were accounted for. About 200 men were working in the Institute plant of ;he Carbide and Carbon Chemicals 2orp. about 11 miles west of here, when a tank car exploded and set off a chain of four other blasts. A spokesman said there was a •possibility" some might have been jaught in the blast area. He would lot elaborate other than to say .here had been no "roll call" of :mploycs. About 40 of those hurt were em- ployes of the plant. The others in- ;luded numerous persons cat or otherwise injured by glass and fly ing debris. Uncounted property damage resulted from the blasts heard or felt within a 15-mile radius of the sprawling plant in the heart of West Virginia's chemical valley. It was more than five hours before firemen got the upper hand on the huge fire in the styrene plant. Until electric power could be restored afad water pumped from the nearby river, the fire raged unabated. Homes and business places were shaken and windows shattered in South Charleston, St. Albans, Institute and Dunbar, spotted a few miles apart along the heavily-industrialized river front. The first explosion, with a. fireball strikingly like that from an atomic blast, occurred about 7:40 p.m. E8T. Tour hours later, fire•men wer« beginning to gain on the chemical-fed blaze. Delbert Simmons of Dunbar, driving past the plant at the time of the first explosion, said, "all I could see was a big flash of white fire and my car turned around." The original blast and four succeeding ones spread fear and consternation throughout the area. At Watt Powell Baseball Park in Charlestan, the first explosion sounded like a roll of thunder. Pete Droddy, who resides about l\s miles from the Institute plant, said the first blast rocked his house. "The third blast looked like a gigantic mushroom," he said. "The smoke and flames Deemed to rise about 300 to 400 feet into the air. It jarred pictures from the walls in houses all around here and broke windows." Droddy said he felt th« "H*at on ray face but I didn't Itl any shock."
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