The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on February 20, 1895 · Page 4
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, February 20, 1895
Page 4
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V THE BKPUBLICAH, ALOOSA IOWA, BY MILTON STARR. SUBSCRIPTION HATES: One Year, in Advance ,$1-5° Six Months 75 three Months 4o lation first Homestead's STORY OF AN AD. It is strange what a run some things will take. Almost every paper in Iowa, and a number outside of the state, have made mention of Ex-Gove^r .Larrabee's land speculation in this county. It has gone the rounds of the press from one corner of the state to the other The beauty of it is that while our county has been favorably mentioned time and again in connection with the item, the advertising we get out of it comes free. Great is the pressl-Couner. And now that the story has had its run, and has been the subject of voluminous editorial comment in all the Iowa press, it will be a matter of interest to hear how it got its start in the world. The facts in regard to Gov. Larrabee's eminently successful speeu- appeared in the Iowa "Field Notes," which are pure advertising matter, and which nobody is expected to read unless in search of a promising animal or other adjunct of his farming. It was clipped therefrom and reprinted first in the llEruiiLicAN, which acknowledged the source. It was picked up at once and lias had the run for a couple of months, and when old enough to seem to come from some distant source was reproduced and made much of by our cotem- poraries. We take it that this item which has gone the grand rounds was an ad. pure and simple, and the REPUBLICAN was very willing to use it as such. It is but another illustration of :the tribute curiosity is so frequently made to pay to brains. It was an ad. without seeming to be such, and poor and rich have been parading Larrabee's bill board, to the end that the millionaire may rake out of it, at an earlier day than he had first hoped, the multiplication of his modest investment. their highest point and must inevitably go lower. V The one mill tax now proposed for the benefit of the library would amount to $1.00 on every $1,000 of assessed valuation. For $500 it would be fifty cents. The average wotild probably not exceed 25 cents to a man. The total sum that would be realized on the present assessed valuation of $370,117 would be $370.11. A good many men in Algona have paid $10 apiece for the library we now have for the past year's expense, and they do not grumble. A TUBERCULOSIS DISCOVERY. Twenty-three Head of Cows in the Lund & Nelson Baity Mefd IJeclaf- ed to Have the Disease. In order to have the matter fairly understood, it should be kept in mind that the voting of this tax at the coming city election involves the continuance of the tax from year to year. It does not have to be a 1 mill tax, if the library board think best to place it at a less rate, but it cannot be in excess of 1 mill. Spencer, for instance, levies a half mill tax. The sum devoted to the increase of the library from year to year is small, and so can never be a burden upon anyone, but in the course of years a library of great value and great credit to the town would be ac- cummulated. When we consider the cheapness of books, the accumulation will be seen to be rapid. LIGHT ON THE TAX QUESTION. One great objection urged against the levy of a library tax at this time is the high rate of taxation to which the city is already subjected. It is claimed that Algona taxes are abnormally and outrageously high. It is worth while to investigate that question, and perhaps, as everything is relative, we ought to inquire what other towns are paying. First taking the incorporated towns of our own county, we find these rates of levy: Algona 57.7 mills, Burt 61.7,'Bancroft 46.7, Lu Verne 39.7, Wesley 46.7, Whittemore 49.45. These are all the incorporated towns in the county, and we find that the average rate of tax levy is 50.3 mills. Algona, with her splendid system of waterworks, her well lighted streets, her sewerage and excellent sanitary condition, pays only 7.4 mills above the average or the towns in the county, not one other of which enjoys more than the beginning of these facilities. The village of Burt pays a tax this year 4 mills higher than Algona, but no business man looking for a location, and noting the fact that not one of the towns outside of Algona is more prosperous or progressive would turn away from Burt on that account. People know that a dead town or one on the ' road to death has slight expenses, as it has nothing and is making no moye for anything, but the little tax it has to pay comes harder than the larger tax comes to the citizen of the live and prosperous town A PROMISING SPECULATION. A tax-payer may have a house and barn worth $850 and cows and horses worth $150 more and exempt personal property worth $200 or $300, and his assessed valuation will probably not be above $250 altogether, property being usually assessed at not more than one- fourth of its actual value. Such a property holder would pay 25 cents as his one-mill library tax, supposing the proposition to carry. The large major ity of voters do not pay taxes on i higher assessment, and 15 cents woult be nearer what a considerable proper tion would pay for library purposes In return for this 15 to 25 cents the tax-payer would get free access at al times for himself and his family to; library that would at once numbe about 1000 volumes, and which ever; year's tax would increase. Let him take the tax for one year, however, a the basis of his calculations, and hi would be getting, for his 15 to 25 cent! tax the benefit of the $370 representhij the sum total of library taxes. It i the beauty of a city library that all ge the benefit of the contributions of al To the man who wants, for himself and for his family, free access to all the books he and they can read, there is no other speculation that will compare with getting out and carrying thai tax. Only Twenty-one Found to" be Sound— Drs. NSles and Sayers Make the test. Mr. Lund Declines to Accept the Finding. Thc democratic organs are talking very confidently about tho big surplus wo are eoing to have in the treasury, and are quoting Secretary Carlisle to that effect. But all the while Carlisle and the administration are working tooth and nail to induce congress to authorize 5500,000,000 bonds to run for thirty years. It docs look very suspicious. * * * Another instructive comparison will be that made between Algona and oth er leading towns within a radius of fifty miles.- Here we have these towns and the rates they pay: Webster City ................ . . .,53.75 mills Spencer .................. . ....... 68.50 mills Mason City ..................... -.55.50 mills Clear Lake ......... ............. 58.75 milis Esthcrville ................ ....... 50,00 mills Hampton ........................ 75.75 mills Emmotsburg .............. ....... 44.00 mills Here we have an average of 58 mills, and thus does it appear that Algona has a little under the average rate. The Emmetsburg rate is 14 mills below the average, but in the case of that town it is to be noted that it gets some $2,000, probably, from its saloons, which amounts to another tax upon the community collected in another way. With Emmetsburg left out of the calculation we should have in these outside neighbor towns an average rate of 60.37 mills on the dollar. That is the average rate in the towns with whjch Algona would justly be classed, If we draw comparisons, therefore, Algona's rate is low. . y In the case of Algona we have $30,, ooo invested in the single item of wat* er works, and aside from the benefit that a central water supply has been to the business portion g| town as a protection against flr,ej,it b,as unti cently been de,§4 capital. 1st Unje has now come when owy water rents not only tafce care of the interest When President Cleveland sent a message to congress urging the consent of this government to Great Britain's modest request that, it bo given a whole Hawaian island for au ocean cable station, the proposition did not strike congress or the country favorably. It served as a reminder of a project of which the president possibly was not aware, so stupidly blind is he to the movements of enterprise in his own country. He thought it would be a stroke of statesmanship to help the British to get a cable, as we could derive a certain benefit from it in tho way of a news service quicker than hy steamer. But congress has again shown itself farther sighted than tho president, and a few days ago tho senate voted to encourage tho long conlemplated cable to Hawaiia. The lower house may vote it down, but If it does the next congress ASTONISHING &ESULT. C. L. Lund, last week, took the nec- ssary steps to have the Lund & Kelson dairy herd tested for tuberculosis. Phere had been no indications appar- nt of the presence of the disease, but ,he newspaper reports in regard to its liscovery in unsuspected quarters had nade people nervous, and as the herd supplied rnilk to a good share of the ,own through the milk wagon, he desired to have all doubts set at rest. The test was accordingly made last week by Dr. Niles, of Ames, and Dr. Sayers, of this place, and twenty-three cows out of the forty-four comprising .he herd were found to bo infected by tuberculosis. Mr. Lund was naturally very much surprised, and was not at all inclined to accept the findings of ;he experts. Dr. Stalker, the State Veterinarian, came up on Monday and lad an interview with him, but while IB was not at any time inclined to resist the quarantine which the law required to be placed about the infected animals, he was hardly ready to sacrifice them without an effort to get fuller light upon the subject. This was the second test made in the county, the first being in the private herd of Capt. Ingham, west of town, where one infected animal was found. W. A. Chipman, of Portland township, will have his herd tested this week. THE TUBERCULIN TEST. IT IS THE LATEST SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY APPLIED TO VETERINARY PRACTICE. The test by which tuberculosis is detected in animals is called the tuberculin test. Tuberculin is the lymph discovered by the famous Dr. Koch, of Germany, some years ago, and heralded at the time as the long sought cure for consumption. It was a failure, as is well known, as a consumption cure, but Dr. Koch subsequently made a discovery which has given it a utility not at first suspected. When introduced into the circulation of men or animals who have consumption, or tuberculosis, it induces a fever which, though not uniformly high in every case, and not continuing for a "uniform period of time, is shown in a way so distinctly marked as to make its presence uniniutakeable. On the other hand, when it is injected into the blood of a man or animal not infected with the disease there is no reactionary effect produced. It requires two days in which to apply this tuberculin test. The first day is devoted to the work of ascertaining found to be rotten with tuberculosis. Incidentally, the baby had died. Oases at Waterloo attested the infallibility of the test, and a cow oh the Ihghafn farm, west of Algona, selected out as infected, was found to have the disease. It is certainly very fortunate we have reached that stage of scientific knowledge when one disease can be unmistakably cornered arid identified. And if this certainty is important anywhere it is most valuable in tho case of cows who may through their milk or their flesh give to the human family this disease from which 3,000,000 die annually—more than the sum total of all who perish from all other infections diseases, War and famine. Every Farmer • . ir • . ••' . ' t Who reads this t>&pei< and who c-wiis a herd of milch cows, and evefy man of wottiati who Keeps .ittsi one cow, should CALL AT MY FARM DtlfclNG THE- COM1NG f) OR 1. DAYS AND SEE will adopt it. cable. Wo shall have a Pacific How would it do to expel all the students in all tho United States colleges who criticise the president's gold bond message to congress? Wouldn't do. Would break them all up. But sixteen students have been expelled from the University of St. Petersburg for criticis- ing the czar's speech, and may be they will be given a free excursion to Siberia, if they donM$uit thinking- General Master Workman Sovereign, of the Knights of Labor, had done a good thing in making the announcement that "the day of successrul labor strikes is past." This was a timely word, though it raises the question whether a day that never was present can ever be past. The long fight for the resubmtssjon of the prohibitory constitutional amendment in North;Dakota ended in failure, Tbo proposition passed'the senate but failed in the house on a vpte -of : 36. to .35. The movement to resubinit Wa* pushed by, the salQpn forces, and it is gratifying to- see thai they were badly beaten- but accumulate a sinking to gradually ''pay off the eipal, The taxes, so tor pres.ent fund by many tests, at regular intervals, the average or normal temperature. If the first test is made, say, at8 in the morning, and the last at ten at night, the injection of tuberculin can be made at the latter hour, and the temperatures taken at corresponding hours next day will indicate the effect of the lymph in raising the temperature. A page in the record of the man making the test is set apart for each cow, and the temperature found at each test is carefully recorded and preserved. The test is, in short, made with all the care that is observed, in other scientific investigations in order that the data obtained may be above the suspicion of error, The results obtained are very striking, indicating in some animals a well defined period of fever or abnormal condition of which, in others, there is no trace. The test may be, possibly, without value, but iu indicates a difference in some respect between the animals, and that difference is so pronounced, so readily observable, that the animals may be classified in re spect to that difference with as much ease and certainty as the owner of the herd can distinguish the white from the red or black. All that needs to be added ia the result of investigation in regard to the condition of the animals upon whom such widely differing effects are produced by the injection of the lymph, It has been found that the animals in which fever is induced by this means are invariably infected.with. tubej^vHpsis, while in the others ;?)o trace of |ha| disease is Tito: b.e " TUBERCULIN. now TIIE WONDERFUL LYMi'it is DEVELOPED. A few words may be in place in regard to the discovery, additional to what has been said, It is a lymph developed from tuberculosis germs taken from animals. When otherwise perfected it is put through a process by which it is sterilized and made incapable of originating the disease. For one thing, it is kept for some time at a temperature of 250 degrees and then to separate from it all organic matter,, it is strained through unglaxed porcelain. It is put up in small glass vials, themselves sterilized, and hermetically sealed. The lymph ia manufactured by the Koch laboratory in Berlin, also by the Bureau of Animal Industry aud by one private institution in this country. In the use of the lymph, great care is taken by tho operators to avoid using on another animal, a needle by which an inje< tion was made in one, until it has been sterilized by immersion in a liquid. The outcry that is made in some quarters in regard to the liability of imparting the disease to healthy cattle by this process would only be warranted by a reputation for carelessness on the part of the operator. The scientific men who have developed this discovery may not have penetrated to all the secrets of nature, but they are at least competent to determine when a disease germ is present or absent. In what does the danger of using milk from cows infected with tuberculosis consist? Is a question which naturally and properly comes up. Dr. Stalker says the disease in conveyed in the milk and in the juices of the flesh. When the germ is taken into the stomach, it is not, of course, so dangerous as when introduced into the circulation, as it has many avenues of escape.. The fact that only two herds have been tested in Kossuth county so far, and that tuberculosis has been found in both of them, might lead to the supposition that the disease is in every herd. It is to be said, however, that Mr. Lund's herd has been gathered from many farms, Mr. Ne[son having made the selections, and as Dr. Stalker says, Mr. Lund has run fifty chances of infection to one which the dairyman is subjected who has raised his own herd on his own farm, practically quarantined from outside infection. The result of the stirring up of the subject is likely to be a demand for Twenty-toe Cows just Condemned To be killed by our State Veterinarians for being infected with that dread disease-—^-Tuberculosis.— Out of a herd of 40 head examined, 23, or nearly 60 per cent, were condemned, which is practically the same result as was reached in herds examined at Charles City, Waterloo and other places. Our hogs are dying from cholera by the thousands, and now our cattle, though apparently healthy, will soon be exterminated by the thousands by our State Veterinarians because of some mysterious hidden disease. Whither are we driftina ? Come and see the condemned cattle and suggest some remedy for the protection of our herds. We are all interested. Yours Truly, C. L. Lund. COST OF OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS It Takes Not Less than $80,000 to Settle Kossuth County's Bill for Public Education. We Pay Ouv Teachers Fifty Thousand Dollars a Year—School Houses Cost Us $18,000, and Interest and Incidentals Make up the Bill. wide spread testing of the herds of Kossuth. Such tests may result in the elimination of large numbers of valuable cattle, but unless they are of more account than the human kind to whom their use in the production of milk, butter and beef is a standing menace, everyone of them should go. Thege > JnyeJtigatiQnS and be§n goipg on all over the The Illinois and Mipnesot|. legislatures have made Lincoln's birthday a legal holiday in those states, The action in Illinois was peculiarly appropriate, in view of the that Lincoln,was a son of Illi- It is a dull >yeek when the democratic president is not called down by the democratic congress. J have wUGjiieT Jong or ----- In cup ,own state Prof, Stalker ando|h> ers beve faithf ully investigated eases of suspected tuberculosis when called upon to do so, and have invariably applied this test*. In every case where this test has indicated tuberculosis, ,, ,a postmortem examination bas shown M$ presence, At Charles City Prof* Stalfc? er selected thirteen cows out of a dairy herd for slaughter. After .some parley MR. LUND'S ATTITUDE. HE DOUBTS THE SUFFICIENCY OF THE TUBERCULIN TEST AND WILL SEEK FUKTHER LIGHT — THE COUNTY SHOULD DIRECT FURTHER INVESTIGATIONS. Mr. Lund has scrupulously quarantined every one of the cows condemned by the veterinarians, and nobody need be afraid ol getting a chance to drini any of their milk. We have no more honorable man in our midst, nor any mao who will go farther in the sacrifice of his property interests for the protection of the public health. But he is sincerely skeptical as to the infallibility of a test wholly new to veterinary' practice, which condernns to" slaughter 60 per cent, of a dairy herd as fine as the state can produce. These cows have been selected from the best herds •within a radius of six miles of AlRona. No cows in Iowa have been better housedi surrounded with better 'sanita* rv conditions, more carefully tended or more judiciously fed than those of the Oak view herd, Nor is there any other herd whose owner could more confidently invite any other test of soundness, They are all apparently perfectly healthy, They show no outward symptom such as, in the human body; are connected witVj. consumptipn,. Lund's s'Uepticism'is ttyftef ose-n and in vi'ew of • the -immense property interest- fn the county involved, his #0" tjon is not to be condemned when he seeks further light, The further investigations will be watched with intense interest. And in view of the fact that this is a matter of deep publip concern The time of year has come when every voter is soon to be called upon to take a hand in the direction of the educational forces of the public school system. There are many questions .which are called up in the annual sub-district and independent district elections, and in the subsequent deliberations of the boards chosen thereat, who have committed to them tba actual employment of the agencies of public education, and one of these is the question, What does our educational establishment cost? With a view of finding out what is the money cost—for that is but a part of it-^-we have consulted the data collected by County Superintendent Heed and embodied in the advance sheets of the State Superintendent's bienial report. From this source of information we find that the amounts paid out of the several funds for the year 1894 were as follows: TEACHER'S FUND. Paid teachers $49,781.90 Other purposes. , 1,054.00 Publisher's Notice. For the convenience of REPUBLICAN 7 subscribers whose place of doing business is in some other town in the county than Algona, an arrangement has been made by the publisher whereby payments on subscription to the paper may be made at any one of the following named banks: BANCROFT—Farmers' and Traders' Havings .Bank. . i BURT—The Burt Bank. WHITTEMQRE 1 — Whittemore State Bank. - - ' WESLEY—Wesley State Bank. LED YARD—State Bank of Ledyard. GERMANI A—State Bank of Germania. SWEA CITY—Swea City Bank. ELMORE—Elmore Exchange Bank. Subscribers paying for the year in advance can avail themselves of our lowest clubbing rates, given herewith. This arrangement is made with a view to accommodating any who may find it more convenient to pay their subscription at their home bank. All business coming through these banks will be given prompt attention. $<, «H Go to the Opera House Grocery and see what ten cents will do. Total. ............... .......; ..... $50,835.90 SCHOOL HOUSE FUND. Paid for schoolhouse sites ....... $18,939.74 Bonds and interest ............... ^Hs Libraries Other purposes Bock salt for Hudson's. stock at Langdon Total ........................... 818,493.97 CONTINGENT FUND. Janitors, fuel, insurance, etc. ..... W-,001,78 Apparatus ..... , Supplies General supplies Other purposes ............. - , REPUBLICAN CITY CONVENTION, A delegate convention ' of the republicans of the city of Aigona will be held at' the Court House Thursday, February |1, at 7:30 p. m.,to place in nomination canal' dates to be voted for at the coming city election. The respective wards yJJI oava representation as follows: first waraf*, votes, second 5 votes, third 3 votes, fourth , 5 votes. " _, , J, W. WAPBWO.RTH, Chairman, WABIXCAUCUSES. , . '- JTOST WABD. The E/rst Ward caucus will bo held on , Feb.-80', 'opposite the Tennant House, in'J. F.'tifilra ore's coal office, At 7:30 p. -m,,"lor the purpose of electing delegates tQ at' ' tend the municipal convention on tnoSlst. E, TELWBSB, Chairman. 1 ^ A'S I -.f f& 3$ '-&. ;;,x< 'Ir tf *^ 'TW* $5,084.91 Asid r e from this we have as a perma* neht investment in the school system? $102,130 worth 'Of 1 schooihouses and sites, the interest on which sum at 6 per cent, will foot'up to $6,137,80, Consolidating these funds and incorporating the modest interest estimate we have: Teachers , , > • • $50,835,90 Schooihouses /... 18.483.W Contingent expenses *, ., - o,us4,tfi Interest on permanent invest inonts Total • .$80,543.58 ladies,^e<.were_ preparing tofwa SECOND WARD- The second ward caucus will be at 7;30,, Wednesday evening, at the Wigwam,", '!'; 0, M. DOXSBB,' , Chairman^ TJIUP> WABD. Third ward caucus tonight, (Wed»?§ day), Feb. 30, at the normal school bujlft ing at 7 o'clock, H, A. PAJNI,, . Chairmant FQURTJJ , ' Fourth Ward Caucus at Sheriff's office, Wednesday eyening-Feb, 80, 7:30 Q' , W, 0, PANBO*, ChaU'W •pfthe Io9k,qnites9 pretty now. as (need either a little less water or a tie more) but can buy them {OF a E, G, BOWYER, niDBHj \f Silv „,. Bepaitfpg the believes. that the, were killed, and they , faupd $o represent *u stages pf theajt* , but m the cwlray-y, cow MEATJW deal less money at the Grange Store n or address tKQtel, .,..,. , 2§tU 18.^'or Jgtgr R$ . county ought to have the direction of future Jnvei!tigati9n,s,.»a mil welcome such an avrangement, wtf $' would certainly best satisfy the people of the county »t large, who a.T/ mpre deeply interested in the cow than' ever. before,

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