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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 157 Blythoville Courier Blytheville Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevlllt Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS * Judges Pick Winners at District Fair FFA Day Today; 4-H'ersi Take Over Friday Judging of exhibits and animal entries was completed yesterday at the Northeast Arkansas District Fair here and lists of winners were being turned in to the Fair Association office by department superintendents. Robert E. Biayiocx, secretary of the Mississippi County Fair Association, said this was the first time all judging had been conducted on one day. Warmer weather yesterday and last night brought the anticipated jump in, attendance over the chill opening night. Mr. Blaylock said attendance yesterday ran about 15 per cent over last year's corresponding day on a dollar and cents basis. Since lairs are no longer required to pay the 20 per cent amusement tax. he said, tickets are not being used at the gate and hence there is no way to determine the exact attendance except by gate receipts. Total gate receipts do not reflect the number of adults and children attending and free admission Tor children under eight also affects the attendance figure. Britain Calls for New Talks; Gl Prisoners Sing Red Song BEST EDUCATIONAL EXHIBIT — LeachVille's Home Demonstration Club won first,place in the educational exhibits of the Northeast Arkansas Dls- trick Fair here with this dietary display showing right and wrong ways of peeling off ihe pounds. The poster on the front of the booths explains that this diet plan was tried by five Leachville club members who £hed nearly 10 pounds apiece in five months. (Courier News Photo) The free grandstand shows tomorrow and Saturday night will be followed by stock car races. Because of the races, the starting time of the grandstand shows has been moved up to 7:45 p. m, on these nights. The Sunday afternoon races will begin at 2:30. Today was FFA Day at the lair, with various team judging and inter-club competitive events under way. Tomorrow will be 4-H Day as well as Kids' Day, when all school- age children will be admitted free! to the fairgrounds.., Winner Named Named first place winner in the community booth exhibits yesterday was the Lost Can Home Demonstration Club's display on "Eat See FAIR in Page 5 Defense Leaders Perturbed— Fantastic H-Bomb Pr By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON ( A P ) — Scientific predictions that the hydrogen bomb may'soon explode into practical reality — a prospect that set off soul- searching in the Pentagon — steeped in significance today an unusual meeting of the National Security Council. , The new Joint Chiefs of Staff, who comprise America's high military command, already are overdue with recommendations on the size and shape of the armed forces for the year starting next July 1. This entirely "new look," it was learned today, was ordered by the White House and Defense Department primarily because nuclear experts warned that the H-bomb Is well on its way to becoming frightfully real. President E ; senhdwer summoned in unusually large numbers of his government aides and advisers to today's meeting of the top level National Security Council. Normally fewer than a dozen persons—Cabinet members and advisers from the armed forces and other agencies—attend the weekly meeting. But today 26 names were listed in addition to that of the President who serves as council chairman. Besides the full membership of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the secretaries of the armed services, the White House called to the meet- in six special consultants on continental defense, among them Lt. Gen. Harold W. Bull, retired, now attached to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Report Late Eisenhower and Secretary of Defense Wilson, when they picked the new staff chiefs last spring, let it be known their orders were to take a thorough look at the military machine and produce a report. ; This report, aside from its general aim of remolding the armed forces, would be the basis for budget recommendations for the Defense Department But Sept. 15. the deadline set by Budget D- ector Joseph R" Dodge for i. W, *e l i™~ IF ^•^•fc^ej^t estimates carne and went without any recommendation by the Joint Chiefs. Wilson was reported considering a mandate to the chiefs to have their report ready in two weeks. Recasting of the defense setup is compelled not only because American physicists .have brought their hydrogen explosive research virtually to the point of a practical weapon. It gains impetus also from ample and ominous evidence | that Russia too is racing along the same path. • The United States government thus is confronted with two prob- llems of the utmost urgency and gravity: ' ; 1. To convince the world of the utter de-vastation that would come | with war' using the new weapon. 2. To seek tighter defense of-the Noi 'h Amei ica.n continent aepinst -*— -— t^".j£ ta ** uci , F 1 "*"!' ? en fhe ( most optuw Uib do not believe can be absolute. Outline Given Those responsible lor planning continental defense must reckon with more than atomic or hydrogen bomb air raids. They must consider the possibilities of "suitcase" bomb attacks—a ship coming into harbor with a bomb concealed in her hold, an innocent- appearing trailer truck fraught See DEFENSE an Fuge 5 50 Firms Sip For Coffon Days More Entrants Sought in Window Decoration Contest More than 50 merchants have signed up for the King Cotton Days trade promotion of chamber of Commerce's Merchants division, Mrs. R. F. Kerbough, chairman, announced today. Employers and employes Mrs. Kerbough said, will be judged on their cotton costumes on the morning of Oct. 2 from 9 to 12- Prizes will be awarded in the stores of the winners, who later will make an appearance at Walker Park fairgrounds. Mrs. B. A. Bugg is heading the judging committee for this event. In addition to articles specially- priced during the promotion, the merchants will feature a "low-low" priced item for the night of Oct. 1 when they will be open from 7 until 9. Mrs. Kerbough said entries on the window display contest are coming in slowly. "We would like to see more entries in this event which will help dress-up Main Street for the contest," she said. Any merchant who has not been contacted, and would like to participate in the promotion, call Mrs. Kerbough at the Darling Shop. Weather . ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and .Friday; with widely scattered thundershowers extreme north tonight; little warmer this afternoon. MISSOURI—Generally fair-southeast; partly cloudy elsewhere tonight and Friday; warmer southeast tonight and Friday. Maximum yesterday—87. y Mlnlmu myesterday—45. Sunrise tomorrow—5:50- Sunset today—5:55. Precipitation last 24 houra to 6:30 p. m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway between hlsh an-i low)—66. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—.12.88. This Date .Last Year Minimum yesterday—51. Maximum ytsUVday— 11,^ R ">clpltntlon January 1 to date— 37.00. Robber Gets $51,000 At Marmaduke Bank MARMADUKE, Ark. (AP) — A roughly dressed man today walked away with some §51,071 in a cotton picking sack after cleaning out the vault of a small branch bank here. M. W. McFarlin, agent in charge of the FBI office in Little Bock, revealed the bank's total loss. McFarlin said the robber was seen alone in a car driving east of Marmaduke. The bandit left C. W. (Zeek) Taylor, manager and only employe of the branch, imprisoned in the vault. Taylor was released after 20 minutes. The robber accosted Taylor shortly before 8 a.m. as the manager started to open the bank to sweep out—one of his many chores n the one-man operation in this Northeast Arkansas town of 643 persons. At pistol point the hold up man forced Taylor to open the bank, the vault and an inner time safe nd to fill the large cotton sack with bundles of currency. Then he locked Taylor in the vault and left. Branch Bank The bank is .a one-window branch of the Security Bank and Trust Company of Paragould, Ark., 12 miles to the south. Taylor said he saw nothing to indicate that the robber had accomplices. Taylor told John Troutt Jr. of the Jonesboro (Ark.) Sun in a telephone interview that he had started to open the front door of the bank when the man stepped up carrying the cotton sack over bis shoulder. . There was nothing unusual about the sack. The cotton harvest is in full swing in this area. The man asked Taylor "what time do you open up?" , "I said between 8:30 and nine nnd turned around to go ahead with opening the door," Taylor related. "As I was opening the door, the man pulled an automatic from under the sack and poked the gun in my, back. "Then he said, 'I'm fixing to take the money; don't try any funny stuff. Open up and go to the vault.' "I walked inside the bank and with him holding the gun at my back we went to the vault. "The man then said 'All right open that thing up.' I had trouble with the combination and he said See ROBBERY on Page 5 Jusf o Weelc Left to Pay Poll Taxes Mississippi County residents today had just one week in which to qualify as voters in elections to he held during the coming year. Deadline for obtaining poll tax receipts is midnight Oct. 1. Voters must hold poll taxes in order to be eligible to vote In any election between Oct. 2, this year and Oct. 1, 1954. Oct. 1 also is the deadline for payment of real estate taxes. Forfeits $720 Bond James V. Adams forfeited $120.25 bond in Municipal Court this morning on a charge of driving while intoxicated. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Society News . . . ratrc . . . Blylhcvfllc Bees, Paps, Chicks All See Action This Week . . . Wclll Says La, Starz.1 Passed Up Good Fights . . . Sports . . . Sports . . , Pages 6 and 7 ... • . . Plan Puls New Dimension In European, Germany Unity . , . Editorials . . . P.IRC 8 ... . . . Comics . . . Television Schedules . . , Pace 17 ... But Soles Tax Wrong Way to Raise Revenue, Senator Declares GREEN BAY, Wis. IJR— Sen. Wiley (R-Wis) said today the United States must increase its defense spending, but he said a national sales tax is the wrong way to raise the revenue needed. Such a tax, he predicted, would be "thunderingly rejected" by Congress. And he said the Eisenhower administration would propose and push through a sales tax only "if it wanted to dig its own political grave." Many Republicans in Congress have been talking hopefully of cutting military expenditures further. But Wiley, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, declared in a speech prepared for a luncheon meeting of the Green Bay Rotary Club: "Defense expenditures are going to have to increase because we simply are not adequately prepared on a continental basis. "We are all, of- course, hoping that we will get increased efficiency in our armed forces and in other government departments, EO we can make necessary savings. "As we know, the Elsenhower administration is leaving no stone unturned in order to try to save every possible dollar which it reasonably can. New Source Needed "But it cannot accomplish budget miracles. So, inevitably, we arc having to search for new sources of, revenue. . . It was only- natural that people should at least consider a national sales tax," Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey has said a federal sales tax Is one of many proposals being considered, but that no final decisions have been made on what to recommend to Congress. Tax law changes scheduled to take effect automatically next year will cost the Treasury about eight billion Sec WILEY on Page i | 23 Americans In Group Handed To Truce Team By SAM SUMMERLIN PANMUNJOM (AP)—The Communists today surrendered to neutral nations custody 359 war prisoners — 23 Americans, 1 Briton and 335 South Koreans — whom the Reds say asked to remain behind the Iron Curtain. The Americans rode in open Russian-built trucks loudly singing the Communist "Internationale." "Arise, ye prisoners of starvation, arise ye starvelings of want," chanted the tanned, healthy looking looking men. .. The South Korean prisoners screamed "American imperialists, get out!" at U. S. newsmen who watched the transfer of prisoners to custody of Indian troops in the demilitarized zone near here. Communist Correspondent, Wilfred Burchett told Allied newsmen the names of the Americans and the Briton, but U. S, Army censors would not pass the list. The cen- sprs said names would be cleared only", if prisoners change their rninds and decide to go home. The Americans looked happy and contented. The Communlls quoted them as saying they love their country and some day will return—when the American people have achieved "freedom." "We hope to play our part in Achieving this and we know the American people will receive us back on that day with open arms," said a statement the Reds said v.i' drilled and signed by the 'Americans while at nearby Kae- 'IF- ~ie Briton, identified as a Marine who had served seven years of a 12 year enlistment, was quoted: Explanations to Begin 'I am determined 'to play my small part in fighting for the better sort of world I believe in . . ." Allied "explainers" are to begin talking to American, British and South Korean prisoners at the camp a mile above Panmunjom Saturday, telling them they have the right to be repatriated if they wish. At the same time, Communist representatives will visit 22,600 North Korean and Chinese prisoners who refuse repatriation at another Indian camp five miles southwest of Panmunjom, trying to make them change their minds. If the 15,000 Chinese don't change their minds, said Brig. Gen. A. L. Hamblen, head of the U. N. repatriation group, "we will have won the psychological battle of our time." Hamblen noted in a statement that three-fourths of the Chinese "volunteers" captured in the Korean war "have elected to remain on the side of the free world" and he added: "We regard the choice.of these prisoners as being indicative of the See POWs on Page 5 NCPC BEAUTY ENTRIES — Betty Lou Ayers (left) and Maudine Pruitt are two early entries in the 1953 National Cotton Picking Contest queen event. Miss Ayers is being sponsored by Jonesboro's Junior Chamber of Commerce, Miss Pruitt by the Etowah Gin. The contest will be run off in Blytheville the night of Oct. 1 at High School auditorium. Dulles Urges Labor: Explode Red Myth ST. LOUIS (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles called today for a "closer partnership" between the government and the American Federation of Labor in a worldwide campaign to "explode the Communist myth" of a workers paradise behind the Iron Curtain. He said the Reds had used this myth effectively to extend Soviet power. In a speech prepared for the American Federation of Labor convention here, Dulles pictured Soviet Communism as being actually an exploitation of the worker. "No task is more important for us than that, of exploding ho Communist myth," he said. (See Mated Slory on Pag-e 5) He told the AFL gathering that "You have done more than any other single body to explode the Communist myth," and added: "In this matter there should be closer partnership between us." Dulles also declared on-specific foreign policy issues: 1. Russia has met American appeals for armament control—now more urgently needed to meet the hydrogen bomb threat—with repetition of "their old refrains" but the United States will persist in its "quest for peace." 2. Atomic and hydrogen weapons may have given Communist rulers the possibility of setting off destructive forces which could threaten "the survival of civiliza- See DULLES on Page 5 Travel Fund Sought For Base Delegation A short campaign to raise a $600 travel fund to send a three-man delegation to Washington is to begin tomorrow. Sfep-by-Step Plan Urged For Easf-Wesi Issues By STANLEY JOHNSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP)—Britain today welcomed apparent moderation of Russian policy since Stalin's death and called on the Soviet Union to agree to step-by-step negotiation of East-West quarrels. Agreement on individual issues sucli as Germany and Korea, Minister of state Selwyn Lloyd told the U. N. General Assembly, would "maintain some momentum behind the improvement." Negotiations with the Soviet Union on one issue at a time has been the policy favored by the United States. Lloyd today paid tribute to Secretary of State John Poster Dulles (or his "temperate and statesmanlike" exposition of those views In a speech here last week. Prime Minister Churchill called last May for a top level conference of leading world powers, presumably Including Soviet Premier Georgi Malenkov, to ease world tension. The United States opposed this, and today's British statement appeared to put the two Western allies side by side in the policy .to be followed in dealing with Moscow, Netherlands Foreign Minister J. M. A. H. Luns also called on Russia to negotiate directly or? Korea, Germany and Austria and said ' such parleys could achieve more important results than the current debates In the assembly. Lloyd said "We believe It to be a mistake to assume that nothing can, be .settled with Soviet • Russia unless and until everything is settled. A settlement of two or three,, of our difficulties would' be an Important gain to every peace loving country," he added. He urged the Kremlin to accept the invitation extended by th»United States, Britain and France for a foreign ministers conference on Germany at Lugano, Switzerland, Oct. 15. He insisted, how. ever, that the conference deal prl- niarlly with setting up free elections throughout East and West Germany—a view which the Soviet Union has previously rejected. Lloyd previously had told the Assembly in procedural discussions that Britain was against reopeninj See U.N. on Page 5 Worth Holder, E. B. Thomas and Alvin Huffman, Jr., will make the trip to Washington where they will meet with Secretary ol Defense Charles Wilson, Budget Director Joseph Dodge and Air Force Secretary Harold Talbott, Sept,. 30. The conference, aiTanged by Sen. John L. McClellan, is to bring to the attention,of the high officials Blythevllle's position regarding deferred plans for air base reactivation here. Sen. McClellan also will be present at the conference. Johnny Marr, A- O. Hudson, Oscar Fendler and E, M. Terry, Jr., are heading the travel fund committee. They wilJ ask for no contribution in excess of $20 and hope to complete solicitations tomorrow. Any amount In addition to $600 is to be turned over to a travel fund to be used in connection with either subsequent sir base or industrial trips. Personnel to make the Washington Journey was selected by the citizens' air base steering comittee. AWARD FOR DEATHLESS DAYS — state police Sgt. Mack Thompson yesterday presented Bly- thevlllc an award tor no traffic deaths during 1952. Blytheville was the only town In Arkansas with more than 10,000 population to get the award. Accepting the National Safety Council certificate Is Mayor Dan Blodgett. Others are (from the left) City Engineer Clnude Alexander, City Clerk W. I. Malln «nd Chief of Police Cecil Graves. (Cuurier News Photo) Truman Visit To Pemiscot Fair Is Set . CARUTHERSVILLE, Mo. - James T. Ahern, president of the American Legion Fair to be held in Caruthersville Sept. 30- Oct. 4, has announced plans for the visit of former President Hnrry S. Truman to the fair next Thursday. Truman's last visit to the event was In 1945 when he was president. He also attended before when he was a United States Senator. Ahern said that while phases of the day's program are tentative, subject to the approval of the former president, he expected it to be generally as planned. The plans call for Truman to be picked up at Lambert Field in St. Louis next Thursday morning by Joe Lambert, a pilot of Sikeston, Mo., who will Ily Truman to the Caruthersvllle^airport. He will arrive before noon. The fair's reception committee will meet the plane and escort Truman to the Majestic Hotel in Caruthers- le for a rest period before going to the fairgrounds. On the way from the airport to the hotel the program calls for a stop at the CaruthersviUe High School where Truman may give a brief talk to the students. A luncheon and a reception for the former president is scheduled in the new Legion Memorial building on the fairgrounds at 12:30 p. m., to be attended by old friends ol Truman. Ahern said space limitations in the building will hold the attendance to a maximum of 150. The reception is scheduled to last one and one-half hours after which Truman will appear in the racing Judges' stand in front of the jandstand. He has been invited to give an address. A tour of part of the fairgrounds will follow. Tha time table calls for Truman to leave the fair at 4:30 that afternoon for a rest period at the hotel, At 7 p. m* the plans call for him .0 make a brief appearance on thft stage In Iront of the grandstand to present a bouquet of roses to th» queen of the (air, Miss Bernict caltt of Caruthcrsvllla.