The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 23, 1953 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, September 23, 1953
Page 3
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WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 23, 1953 BLYTJIEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE THREE Scientists Feel Antiserum Best Hope for Cancer Cure By PAT McGRADY Science Editor, American Cancer Society (Written for NEA Service) BAR HARBOR, Me. — (NEA) — The jackpot question in research is: Will antiserum • —• blood loaded with gamma globulin antibodies cure cancer? A group of distinguished scientists — some resident and others from many parts of the United States and from abroad — met at the famous Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory here recently to seek an answer to this problem. The American Cancer Society helps support the research. Many of the scientists think that antisera offers one of the great liopes for, eventual control of cancer. But all of them know that some of life's innermost secrets must be solved before this power- Docttors have pitted antisera with telling effect against a variety of viruses and bacteria. Such diverse diseases as diphtheria, measles/ meningitis, tetanus and a spectrum of rare blood conditions have been helped with antisera. Antiserum is that jiart of the blood which carries antibodies- gamma globulin moulded to fit over the specific vicious and vital molecules of viruses and germs. The principle of antiserum is based upon the body's known ability to produce antibodies against large foreign cells, particles and poisons which invade the system. When the disease germs of humans are injected into hovses, sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs, the animals produce antibodies which destroy the injected germs. The blood then is withdrawn from the animal, and the antibody-rich serum is injected into human patients. In some cases, the antibodies then seek puf the germs in the blood and tissues of the patient and destroy them. Dr. David Pressman, a visitor from Memorial Cancer Center in New York, has devised a technique which brings double disaster to foreign molecules. He has prepared antibodies against specific cells and incorporated in them atoms of radioactive iodine. The radioactive antibodies then seek out their prey and destroy them, not only ( with the powerful chemicals that nature has devised, but with atomic rays as well. Dr. Pressman developed h i s methods during years of painstaking research in which he pro- MICE MAY PRODUCE AN ANSWER: These tiny mice at Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory at Bar Harbor, Me., may lead the way to antibodies that could, in turn, control cancer. duced radioactive antibodies against normal tissues of laboratory animals. He produced antibodies against mouse kidney, for instance, by injecting that tissue into rabbits. When the rabbit antiserum was then placed back into the mice, the antibodies localized in the mouse kidney. Now Dr. Pressman Is preparing radioactive antibodies against some mouse cancers by the same process. The results so far show that this technique is not yet ready for use on human cancer patients. Besides concentrating in the cancers, the antibodies also settle in sonic of the normal mouse tissues, notably the liver. At this stage, antibody treatment might make human cancer patients sicker. The big hope is to isolate from various cancers a unique molecule which is found in cancers only. Then antibodies could be produced against that molecule specifically —and they would hit only the cancer cells carrying it and not disturb the normal cells. Such a molecule could be a virus —or even a part of a virus. But there is no evidence as yet that viruses cause human cancers. They are known to cause a half-dozen animal cancers, however. Some scientists also consider it possible that virus-like particles—like genes —might be a basic agent of cancer. Dr. Francisco Durnn-Reynals of Vale University, a veteran virolo- glst, has shown that the viruses which cause some animal cano?rs can be changed by the animals In which they live. Their chemical ability to attack specific kinds of cells can be altered, Dr. Duran- Reynals has shown. He has found that a virus which causes cancer in chickens will also cause cancer in ducks. But it will not cause cancer in pigeons. However, when the scientist placed the chicken cancer virus in ducks and then withdrew it from the ducks, it was capable of causing cancer in the pigeons. What has happened to the virus to make it capable of attacking a once-invulnerable animal? Dv. Leon Dmochowski of Leeds University, England, another visitor to the Bar Harbor Laboratory, thinks it is possible that viruses may be able to break up into still smaller viruses—with the smaller viruses having powers of attacking cells which were immune to the larger viruses. One indication that this might be true was presented here by Dr. Ludwik Gross of the. Bronx Veterans Administration Hospital. He experiments with two strains of mice: one which develops the blood cancer, leukemia, readily when it inoculated with a virus and a s ond which resists the virus. When Dr. Gross strained tl virus-freighted fluids through a fl ter fine enough to hold back tl leukemia viruses and then injccte the apparently virus-free liquid In the resistant strain of mice, caused not only leukemia but cai cer of the salivary glands as well Dr. Gross is inclined to beliei that the fluid contained at lea two kinds of viruses. He is n< convinced that the larger viri broke down into smaller virusi with new powers of changing HOI mal cells to cancer. * * » Bat there Is still a long way to g aefore scientists find answers I iich vital questions as: Why is each virus equipped t attack only specific kinds of cell usually in only one or a fe 1 species? How are antibodies manufacture by the body, and how do they f certain molecules only—as a ke fits only one lock? What is the relationship of genes to susceptibility and resist ance to a virus? How do hormones increase decrease antibody production—an hence the ability to' beat off di; ease? Dr. C. C. Little, Director of th Korea Vets Calmly Face Crash G-T-D... • Plus Fed. Tax llngi ond Diamond! •nlarged to ihew diloil DREJFUS Meet Dreifus W- Wear Diamonds FREE CREDIT! 31G WEST MAIN ST. MILES CITY, Mont.(/P)—A pas- sengev in the non-scheduled airplane that caught fire and made a belly landing here yesterday said 37 homeward bound Korean veterans should be congratulated on their calmness. The passenger, who refused to be Identified, told the Associated Press there was no panic. None was injured. Seven crew members aboard also escaped harm. The C46 twin-engine Caribbean- American Airlines plane was carrying the soldiers from Seattle. Wash., to Boston and Baltimore. It had landed In this eastern Montana town of 10,000 to refuel. The next stop was to have been Kansas City. The plane was airborne before it was noticed that the right engine was afire. As it circled the city, crew members opened three escape hatches. Passengers were told to remain in their seats until the plane came to a complete stop, then make a break for the escape hatches. Stewardess Jan Minnlck, Wnbash Ind., a small blonde, said everyone ran from the plane as fast as he could after the landing. Told that several small children at nearby Sacred Heart school saw the plane afire and prayed for their safety, the unidentified pas< senger exclaimed: "They must have prayed awful fast, as we got around pretty quick." Laboratory, feels that answers to iuch questions' as these eventually may lead to the control of cancer. Government to Trim Payroll by 100,000 More Jobs, Official Says WASHINGTON (ff) — Chairman Philip Young of the Civil Service Commission says the government intends, to trim its payroll by 100,COO more jobs, but actually fire less than half that number of persons. The reduction, to be made by June 30, will be accomplished for the most part by not filling vacancies that come up in the normal turnover of personnel, Young said. He spoke last r.ight to the Washington Society for Personnel Administration. Pains, distress of "te dafs" stopped or amazingly relieved in 3 out of 4 cases in doctors' tests! • Here's wonderful news for women and girls who — each month — suffer the tortures of "bad days" of functionally- caused menstrual cramps and pain — headaches, backaches, and those "no-good," dragged- out feelings. It's news about a medicine famous for relieving such suffering! .Here is the exciting news. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound — gave complete or striking relief of such distress in an average of 3 out of 4 of the cases in doctors' tests! Yes! Lydia .Pinkham's has been proved to be scientifically modern in action! This news will not surprise the thousands of women and girls who take Lydia Pinkham's regularly and know the relief it can bring. And it should encourage you (if you'renot taking LydiaFinkham's) to see it your experience doesn't match theirs... to see if you, too, don't avoid the nervousness and tension, weakness, irritability —• How Lydfo Plnkhom'j'worki Jt has a "calming" and soothing effect on tiic uterus...quieting the contractions (see the chart) that so often cause ineiistTutil pain, cramps, other distress. and pain—sn often associated with "those days"! Remember Pinkham's, too—if you're suffering the "hot flashes" and other functionally-caused distress of "change of life." Get Lydia Pinkham's Compound or new;, improved Tablets with added iron f trial size only 5'Jt). Start taking PinklmnVs today I First of Knd The first women's medical school in America was organized In Boston in 1848 by Samuel Gregory. It had 12 pupils and was known as the Boston female Medical School. Although Leoncavallo composed other operas. "Pagliaccl" wat Mai only successful one. Homes stay cleaner with i£MOX Heating! When you hovs Lennox Airc-Flo HiMUinx, your walls, drapes, and furnishings will need much LESS frequcntcloaning than with ordinary heating. Your home Is cleaner because dirt anil dust entering your house are removed by special, larfje filters in the furnace. The /illcrcd-clean air is ci'r- cuhitfd fianlly and continuously . . . free, [mm stalcnesi . . . automatically ImmiJil'u'd ... mnmlainerf ntjtisl the right temperature to meet your family's preference. Lat u> demonstrate the healthful comfort you can enjoy with Lennox Aire-Flo Heating. Convenient terras. HEAT, AlOKE, IS NOT ENOUGH for complete indoor comfortl CITY ELECTRIC CO. 109 S. Fifth Phone 8181 Your Certified LENNOX D«al«r ear ream omn He used to stand on the curb in front of his father's house—and watch the Cadillacs sweep majestically by—carrying fine ladies and gentlemen on happy excursions. That's when the dream started in his heart—and refused to leave. Six times, before today, he has signed 'his name to an application for -a motor car title—and, on every occasion, he knew it was a compromise. But not this time! He is taking the keys to a beautiful 1953 Cadillac—and his 30-year-old dream is coming true. And what a fulfillment it will be, as he rolls out into the highway and takes the longest way home! First of all, he'll get those quick glances of approval which tell him the dream he dreamed for so many years is still in the hearts of others. And then the car's great performance will begin to unfold itself. Silence—almost complete silence—just the soft sound of the wind slipping by ... the quickest, easiest response to the accelerator he has ever imagined . •. , steadiness and readability and handling ease that remove all but the merest effort from managing the car. And, oh, what marvelous comfort! It's like sitting in the easiest chair conceivable—and moving smoothly and effortlessly through space. And then, almost before he knows it, he'll be home—and in the driveway—with the family rushing out with the final voice of confirmation. Man—this was worth waiting and working for! * * * And, of course, the years and the miles will add llicir proof as to the wisdom of his choice: dependability—long life—economy of upkeep and operation—and unusual resale value. Yes, there is every practical reason for owning a Cadillac—as well as every personal one. Better come in and see us today. It's probably easier than you think to make your dreain of Cadillac, ownership come true. SULLIVAN-NELSON CHEVROLET CO. 301 West Walnut Phone 4578

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