The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 5, 1966 · Page 16
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 16

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, April 5, 1966
Page 16
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r- the early birds get the Planting early affects yields as directly as fertilizing, planting heavily and controlling weeds.., and it doesn't cost a cent extra. Early planting brought A. J. McQueen a lot of benefits... a lightened work load in spring and fall, knee-high corn by May 20, a better price on the early fall market and, best of all, 187 bushels per acre! yields HOLDING OFF PLANTING until oak leaves are as large as a squirrel's ear, or until the soil temperature has reached 55°, is just about as up to date as putting up loose hay. Those old wives' tales have no place in the Cornbelt, and should be filed away with the fable about planting potatoes in the moonlight and a few others. Early planting is a must for maximum profit. Modern hybrids, with their hardiness and increased vigor, plus new seed treatments, new herbicides and adequate fertilization have moved the planting date ahead at least 2 weeks. For the central Cornbelt, this means you should plant your corn during the last week in April. The second week in May, which was commonly the starting whistle for yesteryear's corn grower, is too late for maximum yields. The chart at lower right shows what happens to the corn yields when you plant after May 8. This chart is based on a 4-year average of planting tests conducted by DeKalb Agricultural Assoc. at Dayton, Iowa, and draws these conclusions: 1. For top yields in central Cornbelt areas, a full season hybrid should be planted as early as weather permits... but generally not before April 24. 2. Yields drop significantly in corn planted after the middle of May. In addition, plant and ear height jump up rapidly, lodging increases and maturity is delayed. 3. Early planting usually assures better pollination, which means well-filled ears, due to longer day length, lower temperatures and greater probability of timely rain. 4. Early planting, and its corresponding earlier harvest, spreads out the work load better on most farms, allowing you time to do a better job at both tasks. The latter advantage — spreading out the work—was realized last year by A. J." McQueen of Shelby County, Indiana. "I have a pretty-demanding-schedule^says- McQueen, who is a guidance director at a nearby high school in addition to being a first-rate fanner, ~"so I try not to let things pile up at any time." With unusually good weather, McQueen started planting on April 13 last spring. As a result, all of the benefits of early planting spelled out above were obvious on McQueen's acres. His com was knee- high on May 20, and in general was about a month ahead of most fields in his area. The benefits of thick planting were apparent in the McQueen fields, too. "I planted once and decided the stand wasn't heavy enough. So, I went over it again ... about in the same tracks," McQueen explains. "This double planting gave me a 24,000-stalk stand at harvest, in a staggered pattern about 4 inches apart on each side of the row. (See photo above) "I can see why everyone's so excited about narrow rows, because spreading out the seed more evenly over the field as they're doing it with narrow-row planters gives an even greater advantage than I got. I know you have to get plenty of seed in the ground — from what I've seen of this DeKalb XL-45 I planted, it makes the same size ears planted thick or thin!" McQueen poured on plenty of fertilizer, used insecticides and herbicides, and never cultivated at all. The field was harvested with a self-propelled combine on September 18, with the corn at 22.2% moisture. Due to the early harvest and short stalk hybrid, every stalk was standing and scarcely a kernel was left in the field. The ears weighed about 4 pounds each. The yield? McQueen got a record busting 187.1 bushels of No. 2 corn on a measured acre of the field! This was verified by the local elevator. And the rest of the field looked just as healthy. It wasn't until then that McQueen discovered another advantage of early planted and earlier harvested corn. "It has two markets," he points out. "It can be sold as ear corn, without drying, to cattle feeders who like it with the moisture and cob. "And there's an early market at higher prices for corn that's dried down to .safe storage moisture," For this reason, McQueen gave his grain dryer a real workout "and hit this peak market with much of his high yielding crop. Plans for this spring? "I'm planting even earlier, weather permitting," McQueen replied. In fact, if the weather has been mild in southeastern Indiana, his corn may be in the ground as you receive this issue, "I feel a little freeze won't hurt corn yields as much as planting it too late," he says, "And every tillable acre will be in corn this year. Very likely, I'll go to 30-inch rows all the way, too," McQueen concludes. "I'm convinced I can get a $ 10,000 return from $1,000 invested in a new 30- inch planter." MCQUEEN'S ROUTE TO PROFITS * • Disked corn ground twice on April 10. 2- Planted on April 13 ... again in same tracks few days later for 24,000 stalk stand. 3- Fertilized at planting with 200 Ibs. per acre of 6-24-24 with trace elements. Ten days later, broadcast-sprayed 20 gallons of 28 % nitrogen solution mixed with dieldrin insecticide and 2 Ibs. of herbicide per acre. 4- Side-dressed on May 20 with enough 28% solution to supply 80 Ibs. of nitrogen per acre. Placed it down deep — 9 to 10' inches in soil — where corn roots would pick it up when nitrogen demand was greatest. 5. Never cultivated at all, yet corn was weed-free. 6- Irrigated with 3 inches of river water in two applications during June. 7 - Harvested on September 18 with combine. Acre yield measured 187 bu. of No. 2 corn. 8 - Dried and sold much of the gram at premium price on early market. YIELD Myr.ov*) 1 30 IB. 120 b. II* h. 1Mb. tot*. Mb. 101 DAY HYIMO IM PAY WHIP Convinced he hadn't planted enough seed, McQueen planted again in about the same tracks, giving him a 24,000 stalk stand in staggered pattern 4-inches apart on each side of row. Results proved to him the advantages of narrow rows and high populations. AWtll ID AMUl 14 MAY MAY 11

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