The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on November 28, 1894 · Page 2
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, November 28, 1894
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Page 2
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DAffitAND POULTRY.! CHAPTERS OUR RURALREAbER3. JSncccsslot frafmcl-d Of>etate UopartttK-nt of the ttomtstctd- -Hlftt* M to the Care ol Live Steak and Poultry. took nt Iron* 1'otiltify ttottse* To THE FARMRB'S REVIEW: Just at this time of the year is When inost farmers overlook their poultry. I am not a farmer myself, but have served many years in tliat capacity and know fi'om actual experience that such is the case. What are the consequences, of what dangers docs he make his poultry liable to? Let us see. Usually _the "hen house' 1 is made of green, inch boards. These shrink after thcv are nailed on, and there are cracks that you can poke your finger through, admitting too much fresh air. So in a few days he notices some of the birds have oiio eye swelled completely shut; others have what is called the pip, or Colds: these are the direct results of all this iresh air admitted through the cracks. Now, other farmers have comfortable coops, but leave out the windows, or leave the doors open, or leave the top ventilator open, and on cold or stormy nights drafts of cold air arc constantly pouring over the poultry, and the results a,re as bad or worse than those already mentioned. A swollen head may get better or a fowl recover from the pip. 1 say they mi.)/, but the probability is that they will not. And usually in a few days some poultry man gets a letter (as I did this morning from your city) asking what shall 1 do.for my fowls have theroup?" Now, my farmer friends, the object of this article is not to tell you how to cure this dreaded disease, but how to prevent it in a marked degree. Get some tarred felt (it costs not over 0 cents per yard in any market) and nail it on inside, using lath or sti-ips to hold the felt on. If this is unnecessary,then close up the windows and doors and also close up tight the top ventilator, leaving the doors opeii during the daytime and thus airing out the building. Do not be afraid of injuring the fowls by having the house too close at night for it can't be done. My poultry house is 140 f«et by 14, feet and is double boarded, double papered, and has a double roof with ten inches dead aii fliese rbxnns should be 8*13. My plafi ^vould be for the feeding and scratch* mg room: Say let it be 8 feet high, have floor on north side 2 feet from ground, and 3 feet 6 indie's on south side, with as much glass as you can afford. The upper part fof millet in the straw, to put in lower part as fowls shall need daily. This plan is on the ground that the building is one story, which I believe is the best plan as a rule. The lower room should have 6 inches of sand or fine gravel for floor. 3. The Care of the fowls is now very important; right here is Where so many faiL Those fanciers who confine their labors for present results will not succeed, while those xvho Work and plan for present and future results Will find a sure reward. In a former article 1 went over this ground, and yet 1 must not entirely omit fresh water must be constantly before them, except in extreme cold weather, then twice a day Will do the best; chopped clover cut in % inch lengths mixed with an equal amount of wheat bratt. I put a tablespoon of salt and one quart of Bokar meal (made of ground bone and meat and di-icd, will 'keep any .ength of time) to two pails of above amount of bran and clover, the clover being steamed and covered the night before, is ^ in fine condition for the morning feed, as Biddie will soon show you To feed them economically I take a 0 inch board 4 feet long, could be 6 feet (I prefer 4 feet as it is quiet handy to carry around), to this board I put end pieces running up 0 inches for top strip, to board Iput3 and 2% inch strip nailed on edge of board running whole length, from this to top strip 1 put strips of lath sawed in middle so as to have as much open space as possible; the other side is made the same way, only this difference: the one side I will nail fast to the trough and the other side I put on leather hinges, with little wire hook at top hooked to staple on the other side. By this kind of an arrangement plenty of fowls can get the feed and can not get inside to muss it: the very smallest chicks can get some feed with the large ones. No monopoly here. I lost some young fowls or'chicks by not having a shallow trough. It is my plan; 1 give it freely to my fellow fanciers, as I am too old to attend shows. As I keep L. Brahrnas and B. P. Eocks of the larger size and S. C. White Leghorns, I am served by the arrangement herein described. Had an experience which has cost me something; may help some new settk. Tte *Sighi dl ensfltgS It t j siio wheft sisttle-a is f Foih forty to fifty pounds pSif efobic fotft, attd the result is ;hat it settles sti gompaclly as to tifite thep,if otttand the Chsilftge kee|fs so lon^ as the air is noi fciltiWe*d t« Come in contact With It. frews Mr. Sterafte* mentioned that ensilage ifi his slid Wfis at times of a light colof and that this light colored ensilage became soil* ftfad was not so good. 1 think he Would find upon investigation that it was toee-atise it was light ensilage. Fof instance* if yon were filling' your silo and the ele- tatpr which carried up the eof fi de£0s» ited it fn the center of the silo, you would find that where it drops down from the elevator that the leaves Will form one pile and the heavier particles and ears of 'corn another pile. Now, wherever those leaves fall, unless you take particular pains to move them and mix them With some 6J the heavier grain, you will find that it will make practically worthless ensilage, it will not settle sufficiently to exclude the air, aiid it will ttot become cured, or cooked, as you might say! there is not sufficient heat developed to preserve it, The better ensilage is Where it settles 'down in a compact mass and excludes the air. t want to say the best ensilage I ever fed is of a dark brown color. Where it is of a light color, as Mr. Stouffer mentions, it is not as good and does not keep as well. I think the gentleman stated correctly when he said that yon could not get out of a silo any more than you put into it. I would not hesitate a moment if corn got quite ripe to go on and fill the silo, but it is best where it is just beginning to dent, the stalks then arc softer, and the cattle will consume more of the hard part of the fodder. ffltfft'~kr*ri131frttt* TJlly A\JI JtfiiiaS WOMfeN WHO HAVE Mitt dtefttfeja, «h lM»fi AfctWs**, the ldt«i* to Win A Mnibftrtd—9oi»* St«§6 Hcfttt* tie! ol ttMs Past Who Ate in Bofclai feettitft. AL- of at iflatfi* imonial chafactei 1 bceift consummated betweett Great Britain^ aris^ .tocraey and the [stage* Tills time it is the second son of the earl of Howe, while the lady is an Irish girl by tlio nanie of Miss .Teffreys, who is the principal attraction just now at Tetfiry's theatcl' ill London. The affection between the two is of long standing and they Were to have been married two years ago, when the engagement was broken off in deference to'the protests of Lord and Lady Howe. It is Understood that neither the earl ttor the countess have relented in the matter, and that they have cut oft' the allow* ance of their son Freddy as a manifestation of their displeasure, the result the dtoehess iMe&t and ot Of ftoatso fete was llso the 1 M6f gan atid Wife of the duke of Cambri who was a tMblltt ftfetressi while the continent there are a nttfflBef &i ttfyal pf inch's find grefti iidbles who hate sought their wites uprJii the stage, the most notable* ease being that MILK TIIK MAINSTAY.—Now that the ranches are chiefly abandoned the small farms of the states must produce the cattle and milking qualities of all our beef breeds and stock must be developed to meet the new order of profitable stock .breeding. Milk is essential on the stock farm; even if no milk or butter is sold the young calves, colts, pigs, and chickens should have milk; they do so much better with liberal supplies of milk that it is found to pay to include milk in the properly balanced ration for the young things and milk is always a desirable and profitable product of every farm. The pigs want it all the year round after the calves and colts have outgrown it. The creamery man can conic around and whirl off ,^|.x MISS JEFFREYS. being that the new Mrs. Curzon has thrown up none of her theatrical engagements, bufkeeps on performing 1 , presumably with the object of keeping the pot boiling for herself and her husband. His older brother, Lord Curzon, as well as Lady Curzon, the best four in hand whip in England, and their only boy, a 10-year-old lad, were upset with the coach the other day and came narrowly near losing their lives, in which case the husband of Miss Jeffreys would have become Viscount Curzon and heir to the earldom. It does not necessarily follow that because a peeress or lady belonging by marriage to the aristocracy has been on the stage she is barred forever from SOPHIE «yal ( who married as his second wife a Boston actress of the name of Sophie Hensler, upon whom he conferred the title of countess of Edla in her own right. Prince Alexander of Battenberg, the former ruler of Bulgaria, jilted Eui,peror William's sifter, Victoria, to marry the actress Mile. Lois- itiger. Prince "Windischgraetz, uncle of the present prime minister of Austria, married, not morganatically, but in the fullest sense of the word, one of the Tuglione girls, the most notable ballerinas of tlie present century. ...The reigning duke of Saxe-Meiningen is married morganatically to an actress, and so, too, is the eldest brother of the empress 'of Austria. : . _ • SQUAW MEN. Ht', At* & Hood's Has No , Ad A Wood twriflof.and toftia., it di^Otti of Btpinaoh trouble and niitterifig of the t<*&ft(f 's °""""'" C ures •%%**% relieved my wife of Waterbrash and OMittt Tired Peeling. Wo put Hood's Sarsapatllla —- ••—-~.—. —-r ott the table every, meal the fiatno OS bre&d, ' - G, HYAMS. With T. V. flowiLt & SoSfl, • ' U '- J lrd Street, Hamilton, Oh o. . HOOd'8 PINS oro endorsed by thousands. ' Cleanses the Nasal Passages, Allays Pain mid Inflammation, Restores the Senses of Taste and Shieli. Heals the Sores. Apply Balm Into each nostriu ,,58 SV,arroa8t.;N.Y. AYRSHIRE COW "JANE," A WINNER "off FIRST PRIZES IN ENG&AND.—FARMERS' EEVIETV, space between the two roofs, and is as tight as a box and no ventilator^except the end door, which I close tight at night, This treatment, with fresh water and wholesome food and clean premises, will keep the flock in good health and they will be ready for producing 1 winter eggs in abundance, providing- they are kept free from lice. Some farmers will say "What, lice in winter?" Yes, my friends, did you never see them on stock in the winter? Use plenty of kerosene oil on the roosts, sprinkling 1 it on with an ordin- arv watering- can. Prepare a dust bath into which mix freely "Death Lice," for the dust bath is to fowls what water is to humanity, You can not raise two crops successfully, one small one of poultry and a big one ol lice. And please to also bear in wind that lice are often the cause of many of the poultry diseases. They sap the J.jfp out of the fowls and in this condition the fowls are an easy prey to eolds, roup and kindred diseases. Again I say stop all draughts, keep the Jowls clean and then watch them grow. M. F. ST Maokiqao county, Mich, workers in the same line, and as the REVIKW cheerfully publishes any profitable sug-g-estion it is entitled to a liberal patronage by those fanciers who well know that without the help of shows and papers they would not be known. WM. H. VAN DOBEN. Kunkakee county,'HI. To THE FA.BMKES' REVIEW; Here some timely suggestions for beginners; ' 1, Matiujrs. One m,ale with fifteen female* 4 think will bring good results a n tQ equality of &ex, and bring good progeny. Of course the male e nature, and therefore a (sock with ea.rjy hatched piillets. jts own reward. House aaeo^nmod^tions ays fQV cQByenience iu handing Jq bxit ftt ancl health ,of the fowls, the cream and the milk is just as good for man or beast. It is therefore beneficial to develop the milking qualities in the Shorthorn, Hereford, Angus and Galloway breeds; it will give to them a two-fold value,—Western Agriculturist. Some 1'oints on the Silo, At a dairy convention in Nebraska the sxibjectuof si..os was discussed, and Mr. Hassett, ' secretary of the state dairy association said: I would like to correct the statement just made conr cerning the fact that condensed milk factories would not use fflilk where the cows are fed ensilage, I took occasion to run down that very statement, and j from parties that were living near those factories, and the reason was .this; It ivas pot because there was any taste in the feeding of en&ilage that affected ;he niilk i» any way.but the condensed milk factories* said this; '-Our product is manufactured to-day; ib may be used a year from to-day, or two year? from to-day, or ttve years from to-day; it is a product that is often carried on vessels and sent abroad to foreign markets, and we do not propose to VTO any risk in the matter," That is all. There never was an iota of eyidenee that it inured, the milk in any way, or the milk w»s affected in any way, in answer to the question, J might that some o|» the finest butter, brings top prices m the open is jnade from cows that are fed »p,op ensilage. Now, ensilage is nothing 1 ta the world but canned fodder, ypu take fruit aaduan, ft and us,e it upon yov-r tables, 95,4 j$ H it is prpper}ysa»»e4 it is nearly '§s :paJfttaWe w fresh •trait, *B new Aft it fadder an.d.&'jneans ol it. tag, w a§ iuar it, and fr tt -to iw* ttw M te » » o w .. A DAIRY TEST,—Prof. Henry of Wisconsin once took three representative cows of their respective classes, a conv mon, a grade and a thoroughbred cow, and put them in the same stable undej nearly as exact conditions as possible, Each was fed the same e^aet ration, in amount, quality and kind, costing I 1 } cents each day. The common cow, from her 17 cents' worth of food, mad« a pound of butter, the grade a pound and five ounces, and the full blood one pound find fifteen ounces, > Why dwl not qua cow appropriate as much ej her food for butter making as thf other? If it is dairy produce that is wanted, does feed jnalte the breed ft»d produce the thing and amount we want? Does the common steer put as mupb food on to his ribs as the well bred animal? Poes breeding, even, in its moist successful aims, give animals that are essentially all alike—-where ind> viduality is lost in high average? Sfo, but it cowes Jar nearer it than whwe no breeding is in view, and feed is held up as the grea_t esjsientiftl Jw e$ Farmer, TtTlTPVO •ftBftJXOc ,,„,,„ „ T , ., wefttaAwitb weeds whiefi. if »Pt d$&ta'pye4> will ripen their sesds. $ the gard^a always jpipwed as sow &B the props were oj? a»d ^aw§d with winter eaveri ----••--- 6e|ispfl,'^«ftld •will aisp, igfee wauid be appearance at court. Queen Victoria merely insists that no lady should be presented, at court as long as she is on the stage. And as an illustration thereof it is only necessary to point out that Lady Martin, who spent a part of her life on the stage, is not only frequently admitted to the queen's dinner table, but is treated with the most marked friendship and consideration by her majesty, In this Victoria follows the example of her grandmother, Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George II. When the Lord Perby of those days married the famous Miss Farren, the newly wedded countess wrote to ascer- Characters Hold in Just Contempt Among Mexicans. '...,,.,.. The discovery that>Henry Graeme had been personating a girl, Etta, as a servant in a Brooklyn house, finds its counterpart among the Mexican house-, .holds in .the .Spanish- American^regions of the United States. Cases in these regions .are not infrequent of persons, male'by sex,-who all their lives have chosen to wear women's clothes and to labor at those household avocations reckoned distinctively as woman's. Such a case is thus described by a visitor to New Mexico: "Stopping to dine at a little plazita' about twenty miles south of Santa Fe, my driver, an old timer, called my attention to what • seemed to be a strapping woman working- among the female servants of the wealthy old Mexican don's, household across the way. This slab- sided, rather .ungainly person .with coarse features and a chin that siiggestcd the razor, was attired in a calico gown, wore gold earrings and had the hair braidcd'behind. 'It's a man, such as it is!' said the driver, 'All he'has to say about:his (Wearing of woman's togs is that when a boy his, mother always dressed him in giiTs, clothes, and he never learned to dress [differently. As he grew tip he was set to work about the house with the women, where he is now, treated with about the same soi-tOf forbearance and contempt that a "squaw man" receives among India lis. As I put it up, it was to get rid of being set to the hard, dangerous work of 1 .herding cattle and sheep when Indians were bad in the territory, that cowardly boys growing- up to be peons, virtually slaves, to*the wealthy Mexicans, chose to be squaws and work with the women. You'll find such cases now here and there in the Mexican towns and among .the Indian pueblos.'" ;p ATPHTS Wo fit» B ^«t]r^§SgSS: TAIIlll 10 talned. Wrfteforlnvcntor'samde. WALL STREET SS^ffl^^ HJ^^^y^caj^^^T^: MenterTrade^ • Advice as to Patentability of "Inventors' Giiiae-or How to Get 07ABBSLL, WASHINGTON, 2. a Are You •""' an tmfnrtiinato stift'erer iwitUBPItlii'SV/K S3, send us your name ' on a pottnl card and we will advice you of the ONtV known CaBI Msr. MON NERVE TONICI CO.. Kansag City. Mo. TDCCO fit Phi n plum,SPLENOORprune,Van 1 Ktto OT UULU DEMAN qulnee-c/wjtcf of Burbank's so Million "newcreatlons." STARK Trees PREPAID everywhere. SAFE ARRIVAL auar-, nnteed.The"greatnurserles"saveyou over HALF. Sli,ii.,:, B «f n,2 Hook tmea in vfiars* exnerience caa DOCTORS • ;\VHO TBEAT ALIi PRIVATE DISEASES Weakness and Soorot Dlsorflbrsot ' ^ WliEI^I ONLY.) .. Free book. Address, with stamp, , DRS. SEARLES & SEARLES, 1410 i?arnuin St.,Omalia,Neb. z^^ CLOTHIMfi Qnlrt rill-ant to gonaumcrfl AT LOWEST I'ltlCM , 7 ever before offered. Buy direct from ira- pouters and>'. manufacturer*, via snip Vrmi rmviuiBii OP EXAMISATIOS. Wo save you from SOto 60 per cent. A t»llor Ht P«it, «8.50. .Fall or winter °y«eo«s, , t 85.60. Boys' combination Stilts $2.18. M* FfltOTEKCO>T8ASPEflAI/fY. 6endt0^1«y ,*T % fort'BKE mammoth catalog. Address '"' OXFORD MFG,Cp;,CloHil»»Dfpt.O 409 '344WobashAve.» ! ChloagPtll'* <1 v 2 ,- \\ Illustrated oatalogue showta SwreKwa. Haye, teen tested and ' A Merry, Emperor. < The Emperor William is generally supposed to be a man of austere life, rigid and punctilious in his intercourse with those about him, and habitually absorbed in affairs of state, An evening" on the imperial yacht Bohenaol» lern is anything but dull, says the San Francisco Argonaut, Eccentric variety performances are provided, consisting of tinging and playing in character, exhibitions of rapid sketching in car|* caturo, impromptu verse making, etc, Among the participants in these merry" makings are embassadors, ministers and professors, who are included among- the emperor's guests. X'A L>\ /-y'iW "•Rn/\rr'-,,^ii DUtU^-ai BEST IN / t»in wivat Queen j»iore»slnff, Two statues lately exhibited ton were mpdeled ftfter wado from the average ^ average woman, The ptfttl* o average woman is the Tlie outer OP^P sole eii 3' : WNb^ >^m;iM ''?.Tw-.V.avAiu> aWTHrinlrlAV."'.»JflBhfl^tl up, fe Qflw fert ieg

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