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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THB DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 155 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi VaUey Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS $200,000 Sought For Industry Here Building Fund Is Needed To Bring Metal Plant to City This week Blytheville will set the wheels in motion to begin its largest fund-raising campaign when businessmen begin solicitations for $200,000 for industrial purposes. Last night, at a mass meeting attended by an estimated 225 persons, representing practically ev ery Blytheville business interest, it was voted to raise the $200,000 with the funds earmarked for an intlus- Reds Say 20 GIs Refuse Repatriation Truce Teams To Receive Them Thursday PANMUNJOM (AP) — The Communists said today at least 20 Americans, two Britons and more than 300 Koreans refused repatriation in the big Korean prisoner exchange. They are scheduled to be turned over Thursday to Indian custodial troops. A Red -correspondent. Wilfred Burchett of the Paris L'Humanite, unofficially put the number at 23 Americans, one Briton and 335 South Koreans. Burchett said they , are being held in an unguarded camp at Kaesong. By terms of the "armistice, reluctant POWs will he held 90 days in the demilitarized zone while interviewers try to persuade them to change their minds about going home. --—Answering a U. N. Command re" quostjRK" a. Si-ea&down by nationality of" captives they claim refused repatriation, the Reds reported to a joint secretariat session of the Military Armistice Commission that "more than 300 are Koreans. Over 20 are non-Koreans, of which all are American except one British." Although in round numbers, this report by Jn Yon. North Korean representative, was the most detailed breakdown of unrepatriated allied POWs the Reds so far have provided, Miiscnt Americans returned in the. exchange have told of fellow POWs who elected to stay behind. Burchett said the Americans at Kaesong had a dog mascot which they had named "Non Re- pat." The' 300-plus captives the Communists say refused repatriation would just begin to account for more than 900 Americans and 2,500 other Allied soldiers whose whereabouts the U. N. Command rtas demanded of the Reds. The Allies Monday rejected as "totally unsatisfactory and unacceptable" a Communist preliminary report that most of these 3,400 men believed missing were "never captured." The Red report said of the 3,400—519 already have been returned to the Allies; 380 j "released at the front, escaped or were previously accounted for as de,ad; some refused repatriation, "but most of them have never heen captured at all." Allies Deliver 1,500 Delivery by the Allies of 22,605 Chinese and North Koreans refusing to rejoin the Reds will end officially Wednesday when 1,098 sick and wounded anti-Communists are brought tp the' demilitarized zone. Two Chinese and six North Koreans who changed their minds and trial foundation in the event a current industrial prospect fails to locate here. The meeting, presided over by Chamber of Commerce President C. Ray Hall, was called to explain the needs of a midwestern steel fabricating company which will employ 200 men in their new plant to be located in the south. Earl B. Thomas, of the Chamber's Industrial Committee, explained that after conversations with company officials, the committee reached the conclusion that this amount will be necessary if Blytheville is to meet competition of other towns, notably those in Mississippi. The company, he said, will take a ten-year, option at an annual rental in (access of $10000, with option to renew the lease and another option to buy the building at a price "agreeable to both parties." Would Better Chances "If we can raise the money, and then tell this company we're ready to build them a building, I believe our chances of bringing them to Blytheville are good," Mr. Thomas, who has conferred with officials of the company, reported last night. Announcements .regarding fundraising organizations are expected to be made by Mr. Hall this week. In making the motion which expresses the opinion of the group and was approved unanimously, Billy Boone asked that donations to the fund not be refunded immediately in event of failure to locate this industry. "Let's leave this money up, so we won't have to go through with this same thing every time we come up with a new,industrial prospect," he stated. , , In lively discussion which flared during the two-hour session, the See $200.000 O n Page 5 OSCEOLA GETS SAFETY AWARD — Faber A. White, American Automobile Association representative, is shown presenting to Osceola Mayor Ben P. Butler a safety award from the AAA for having no pedestrian fatalities in the year 1952. This is the third consecutive year Osceola has received this award in competition with 1.860 other cities of between 5,000 and 10,000 in size. Shown watching the presentation are (left to right, top row) John Buckmiller, of St. Louis, Elmer Smith, C. Franklin Sanders; second row, Judge Philip Deer of Blytheville, A. F. Dietrich of Blytheville, Judge W. W. Pruitt, Chief of Police J. W. Thrallk.ill. If no pedestrian fatalities occur before Nov. 18, four years will have passed with no deaths. Since the AAA started the safety campaign in 1927, fatalities have shown a 47 percent decrease tn spite of the increase in the number of automobiles. Osceola will receive another safety award from the State Police tomorrow. (Courier News rhoto)* Exhibit-Packed Distric^fair Gets Under Way at Waiker Park Here The 1953 Northeast Arkansas District' Fair opened at Walker Park fair^dtmd.- this af- MIG Pilot Claims: ternoon with everything from the cattle barn to the entertainment for fair-goers of all ages and interests. midway packed witrA exhibits and Reds Flyirlg Planes Into North Korea By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL (AP) — A young North Korean jet pilot who flew to freedom in a Russian-made MIG said today the Com- j imiiiisis have flown jet fighters and propeller-driven bomb ers into Korea since the armistice in violation of truce terms Exhibitirs were busy today put- ready to be stripped Of the$ pio- "" get- Trie ting on the finishing touches < I teethe cimis, i "ers f«r tirfe ojxn- prnpai ation for thi. 4 p.m tpelt. $ ing of tae sU-dar un 'Community booths, commercial weatherwise, the fair was displays and food concessions were ,. ~ the busy spots this morning as the I "" B off to "" aus »'™»s start last signs and decorations were put! u - s - Weather Bureau in Little Rock into place. predicted cjear. cool weather for the Cattle and hogs were being afternoon, tonight and tomorrow groomed and on the midway, the i -., , rides and concession booths were i Wltl1 '"'"Peraturcs somewhat high- U. S. Wins First Round; Soviet Move Defeated Lodge Surprises with Altered Stand on Conference Makeup UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — The United States today won the first round of its fight to keep the U. N. General Assembly from re-opening debate on the inclusion of neutral countries in the Korean peace conference. Chief U. S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., however, said in a surprise statement that the representatives of the U. N. and the Communists at the conference might decide themselves whether they want to invite any non-belligerents. The 22-year-old pilot, a senior lieutenant in the North Korean Air Force, told a news conference he did not know the Allies had offered S100.000 for a MIG when he landed his swept-wing fighter at a base near Seoul yesterday. He said he tied from Communist Korea because "I did not want to stay there." He voiced hope that he could study in the United States. The Air Force lost no time getting its prize MIG out of Korea. An official spokesman said the sleek fighter was dismantled, crated and put aboard a big C124 Globemaster which left for an undisclosed destination tonight. Presumably the -MIG ultimately will be put through tests the United decided to go home were turned over to the Communists Tuesday. This brought to 27 — 22 North Koreans and 5 Chinese — the number of captives who decided on repatria- xtion when they reached the demilitarized zone. The Allies Tuesday turned over 1,500 Norths Koreans to Indian troops with none of the rock-throwing or clamor marking previous deliveries. With the massive delivery almost completed, the U. N. Command said only 22 prisoners — or one In 1,000 — changed their anti- Red stand and decidntl to go home. Of these, all but three were returned to the Reds at Panmunjom and these three were slated to be turned over Tuesday or Wednesday. Red China's Peiplng Radio charged the Americans are Intimidating "even ,at the last moment of transfer" prisoners en route to the demilitarized zone for interviews. ' A broadcast heard by The Associated Press in San Francisco Monday declared "personnel of the American side were Been looking Viciously at prisoners who passed by them and' f- iled • to shout reactionary slogans." I exhaustive States. The smiling young pilot, clad in U. S. Army fatigues, also told newsmen : 1. He knew Russian pilots flew MIGs in combat against pilots of the 5th U. S. Air Force in Korea. Russians also were his advanced instructors, he said, but made no combat missions with Korean fliers. ' 2. The plane he flew to Kimpo Airfield, near Seoul, was definitely a MIG15 and not some other type as had been rumored in some quarters. For personal protection the pilot declined use, of his name. A South Korean newspaper earlier identified him as Noh Kuem Suk. From Unnamed Base He flew from an unnamed basi near the North Korean capita Pyongyang to Kimpo, waggled hi wings as a signal, and landed. He had no Allied escort. He said h made the flight to get away fr|>m communism and had been plan ning an escape 'since 1945. The pilot said he did not know how many MIGs the Reds had moved into North Korea since the armistice but added that some ar rived about 40 days ago. about two weeks after the truce was .signed The 5th Air Force said on Jul 30 that a big Allied radar station had tracked Communist planes fly ing southward from Manchuria into Korea after the 10 p.m. July 27 deadline for building up either air or ground forces. The Air Force said the planes presumably were MIGs. Although the armistice permits only the movement of replacements under strict supervision the U. N. Command did not protest the plane flights as a truce violation. The pilot, whose only two words of English are "O.K." and "no' spoke through an interpreter. He apparently had been coachec by Air Force intelligence officers to shy away from certain questions such as whether the MIG: had radar gunsights. Glad of Reward However, he said that. the MIGs flown by Russians had radar equipment while those flown by the See REDS on Page 5 Jury Probe of Icebox Deaths Continues; TO Witnesses Slated MARION, Ark. UR — A grand jury probe of the suffocation deaths of five children who were trapped In an old icebox resumes here today. About 10 witness were scheduled to be called. Nineteen were heard yesterday. Proceeding are secret and the Jury's decision or action will be announced. The investigation of the "accidental" deaths of the five youngest children of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Hallman was ordered after the tragedy had stirred up persistent rumors of foul play. Hallman, 34, Insisted the youngsters, aged 8 to 2, were murdered. "I'm sure that whoever did this wants to kill my other two children," he told newsmen. The victims were found last Aug. 12; huddled inside an unused Icebox on the porch of the Hallman tenant farm home, located In an isolated sector near Proctor, about 15 miles southwest of here. Coroner T. H. Mcbgough said he believed the children were play- Ing Inside the box, when the overhead lid, tilted back against the wall, slammed down and automatically latched. No Inquest was held. McGough said officers did not call him to the scene. He listed the deaths as due to accident after viewing the bodies at a. West Memphis funeral home. .' The dead were Edward, 8, Wes- ] ey, 7, Barbara Ann, 2, and the r 4-ycar-old twins, Odic and Tommy, be 22 Inducted From County 10 More to Leave Here October 29 Twenty-two men left yesterday for induction into the armed forces, according to Miss Rosa Saliba, secretary of Mississippi County Draft Board No. 47. Besides the eleven men called, there were 10 volunteers and one delinquent who reported. The next group of 10 men will leave Oct. 29 for induction. Those leaving yesterday were: Jim Healey and Charles W. Jones, both of Leachville; Perry C. Hothrock, Jr., Reginald E. Koonce, Loyd R. Hocutt, Bobby W. Pate, and Chester C. Lunsford, all of Blytheville: William V. Alexander, Jr., and Robert H. Rake-straw, both of Osceola; Billy Gene Denton, James C. Carpenter, Bobby F. Bozarth, Alton J. Johnston, Eulis W. Deason, Jimrny D. Berry, Prentice A. Martin and Harold McGrew. all of Manila; Sylvester J. Bonds, or Luxora; Roland P. Majan and Lindsey K. Barnes, both of Dyess: Lynn C. Ingram, of West Ridge: and Johnnie G. Middleton of Wilson. Check on Beria Escape Story Continues WASHINGTON \ffi _ Several lovernment investigative agencies were described as trying to run down today the truth or falsity of a story that Lavrenty Beria, former police boss of the U.S.S.R., ias escaped from Russia and Is ;eeklng asylum in America. Vice President Nixon said In New York yesterday that such a report iad come to his attention about 30 days ago "and is in the hands of he propei- investigative orgamza- lons." He added he does not know whether the story is .true. There was no comment from the tale Department or the other ;roups Nixon named — the FBI nd the Central Intelligence Ageny. Officials In the executive ranch of the government indicat- d great scepticism. The seemingly far-fetched story hat Berla, who was denounced as traitor In July, had escaped first caked out over the weekend from Senate source who declined to named. ' er tomorrow. For tonight's opening run, however, it was slated to be strictly coat-and-jacket weal her. The weatherman's prediction was that tonight's lowest temperature would be from 50 to 55 degrees,. The parking lot will be the same as last year's—on the north side of Davis opposite the fairgrounds gate. . The free grandstand shows, for which tickets may be obtained from any fair catalog advertiser or at any commercial exhibit booth, will begin at 8 tonight and continue through Saturday night. Afternoon shows will be staged at 2:30. Stock car races will follow the Friday and Saturday night shows and also will be held Sunday afternoon. Judging for the 410,600 in premiums which will be awarded this year is scheduled lo begin tomor- roxv. Meanwhile, the county sanitary engineer's office reminded food concession operators of the state's public health regulations. These provide that: All food and drink must be served in single-use containers which cannot be used a second time. These must be protected from flies, dust and other contamination. Pood and drink must be stored and prepared in such a way that it will be adequately protected from dust, flies, insects and rodents. Food must also be refrigerated. Garbage must be placed in metal containers with tightly fitting lids and liquid waste cannot be disposed of in the immediate vicinity of the cooking area. Eating places must br kept clean at all limes, and all personnel must keep themselves and their clothing clean. All multi-use utensils must be properly sterilized. Hamburger and other ground moats must be pur- Lodge also offered "in view of the urgency of the situation" to send a United States representative to Geneva, Honolulu or San Francisco to discuss arrangements with a representative of the Communists. Soviet Delegate Andrei Y. VI- shihsky promptly turned down the U. S. proposals as a "chess move." British Minister of Stnte Selwyn Lloyd said Vishinsky's reaction reminded him of the Soviet delegate's statement in Paris in 1951 when he said ho stayed awake all night laughing at a Western disarmament plan. Lloyd reminded Vishinsky that he later regretted that statement. After hearing this exchange, the Assembly's 15-member steering committee voted to reject a Soviet proposal that the Korean conference be put on the agenda as separate item. The vote was two in favor, eleven against and one abstaining. Only Russia and Poland voted for inclusion of the item. India, sitting in the chair did not vote, Yugoslavia abstained. Vishinsky had warned that rejection of his proposal might wreck any chances of agreement at the conference. To' Seek Reversal The Soviet delegate was expected to seek a reversal of this decision in the assembly itself, but appeared to have little chance. In any event, delegates argued, the question can be brought up under general item on the Korean problem. In advancing his new position i the participation of neutrals, Lodee said: "ne que. ! t;oa of whether any neutrals should be Invited as the North Korean note declares, is a matter for agreement between both sides. Lodge told the committee the U. N. has already selected its representatives and that the Communist .side wus established in the armistice agreement. "If developments at the conference warrant it," he said, the other side wants to include others they can make such a move." He added: "We are most anxious to facilitate a conference. We arc prepared at once to dispatch a representa- tive to meet a representative of the Communists at any of the places we designated." This was a reference to the recommendation of the 16 D.N. allies that the conference be held at Geneva, Honlulu or San Francisco. Lodge said the United States had already transmitted to the Communists, through the Swedish government, its proposal to permit the conference itself, to determine whether its membership should be See II. N. on Page 5 Apollo Choir CMA May Book Young Singers The Apollo, Boys Choir probably will be brought, to Blytheville again this year by the Civic Music Association, Mrs. C. G. Redman, CMA president, said today. The choii-, which appeared here last, year, will have at, least one new face. He's Byron More. Jr.. son of Mr. and Mrs. Byron Moore of Blytheville, who joined the popular boys' chcir this summer. Mrs. Redman said she has received a letter from D. L. Cornetet, vice president of Civic Concert Servlvces in Chicago, that assured her the choir would be available for a Blytheville appearance. They have been scheduled, she said, for the afternoon oi Nov. 22, which is a Sunday. The group, which Includes .boys j of 9 to 14 years, was one of CMA's J most popular concerts last year. By coincidence, the booking date falls nn Byron's birthday. Ike Hints at New Sacrifices, Taxes By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH BOSTON (AP) — President Eisenhower solemnly declared last night that no sacrifice —' no tax, for example — is too burdensome for Americans determined to thwart "enemies of freedom equipped with the most terrible weapons of destruction." Kicking off a Republican drive to hold control of Congress in th 1954 elections, the President got round of applause in making tha statement at a $100-a-plate part Humphrey Says Taxes Will Be Cut As Scheduled Solon Tells Bankers Excess'Profifs Tax Won'r Be Renewed WASHINGTON Wl—Secretary e the Treasury Humphrey said toda the 10 per cent Income tax cu will take place at the end of til year as scheduled, ami also ther will be no request for renewlni the excess profits tax. He said. In a speech for the con ventlon of the American Banker Association: "The excess profits tax will ex plre Dec. 31, and there wll Ibe request for renewal. At th same time an average of 10 pe cent reduction in individual incomi taxes is scheduled to go into effect •md It will become effective.' ' Humphrey's statement to the bankers also stressed the need, in light of the Russian threat to exercise caution in cutting taxc: •md defense expenditures. He said there is a "real possibility of an atomic Pearl Harbor hanging di ectly over our heads." This threat had caused som speculation that the scheduled tax reductions might not take plac and that there might be some new 'onn of taxation to raise defense money. President Eisenhower had said only last night in his Boston speech that no sacrifice was too burdensome for Americans deter mined to thwart "enemies of freedom equipped with the most terrible weapons of destruction." It was learned reliably tha 1 Humphrey's promise that individ ual and excess profits tax cuts w!l igo through on schedule Dec. 31 was cleared with Eisenhower before delivery. The administration source who reported the clearance said there was no conflict between the President's and Humphrey's statements This source said other taxes would See HUMPHREY on Page 5 \Premier of Georgian Soviet Republic Added to Purge List LONDON Wi—The premier of the Georgian Soviet Republic—home- chased fresh each day and any sur- land of Joseph Stalin and ousted plus must be destroyed or cooked. I Red police boss Lavrenty P. Beria — was added todny to the growing list of Soviet purge victims. The first secretary of the republic's Communist Party also was fired. The government radio in the republic's capital, Tiflis, announced that Premier B. M. Bakhradze had been replaced by "Comrade Gala- tishvili" and that "Comrade D. D. Merkulava" was dismissed as Osceola Man Hurt in Wreck OSCEOLA — D. E. Harlan of Osceola was in the county hospital here todny In fair condition from injuries sufered when his car and another collided Sunday night at the intersection of Hichwnv C and Highway 61 near steele. Mo. party secretary. It was the second shakeup In the strategic Georgian Republic In three months and part of a continuing Kremlin purge of the sub- He vvas thrown from the car and ordinate republic governments he- suffered back and arm injuries and - ' -••-•----• possible concussion. Mr. Hnrlan was tnkf-n to a fily- thevllle hospital for pmwui'ncy reatment nnd later brought to Osceola Memorial Hospital. after Bern's nrrest was announced last June. The radio said Bnkhrndze was ousted by a decree of the Presidium of the Supremo Soviet of the republic. That the Kremlin apparently considered the change of great importance was indicated by the broadcast's note that "Comrade Shatalin, secretary of the Central Committee of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party took par in he work of he, Geroghn plenary session" at which the premier was kicked out. Tuesday's broadcast said the work of the Council of Ministers, which Bakhradze 'leaded, and of the party bureau headed by Mer- kulava had been "unsatisfactory." It also quoted criticism of those two bodies by the Georgian newspaper Zarya Vosloka, which charged they failed to carry out orders from superiors. It was obvious from the announcement that Bnkhradze lost his Job because of failure to carry out a housecleRning of Beria elements. , rally in Boston Garden. His remark touched off speculation that the White House may be thinking about a new tax levy to help meet the Russian hydrogen bomb threat. There has been unconfirmed speculation the administration might "ask Congress to approve a national sales tax. House Speaker Joseph W. Martin (R-Mass) told the same rally of New England Republicans, however, "it is universally agreed that next January there will be a reduction In personal income taxes and the excess profits tax will be eliminated." / The Present made »»' mention of those 'scheduled tax cuts. It was tne first time he had anything to say publicly about "terrible weapons of destruction" since Russia announced last month that it had exploded a hydrogen bomb. The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission confirmed it had de- lected a Russian atomic explosion, which Included hydrogen reactions. Eisenhower's speech was carried by nationwide television and radio networks. He spoke to a crowd of about 5,000 persons in the Garden, and dinner committee officials said 4,700 purchased $100 tickets, Iteluriieil to Washington The President flew back to Washington last night, completing a one-day round of speechmakinp in Massachusetts which took him to Springfield as well as Boston. Police estimated a quarter of a million persons turned out to welcome Eisenhower on his arrival Boston. Other thousands saw him before he left. In Springfield, the President told crowd of about 6,000 at the Eastern states Exposition Coliseum that the American form of lovernment is "threatened by a Godless philosophy," communism. In Boston, Eisenhower took no direct note of criticism of his ad- ninistration by former President Truman and Adlai E. Stevenson, ,he Democratic presidential nomi- • riee in 1952. But he listed what ie called the accomplishments of his administration thus far. He said the record since Janu- u-y is "too shori to be anything ike definitive." While Eisenhower took no direct ssue with the Democrats, some of his GOP colleagues at the rally did. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, 'hief of the U.S. mission to the United Nations, referred to Stevenson's contention that the admin- See IKE on Page 5 Vet Plans River Trip on a Dare CARUTHERSVILLE, Mo. Wl — A 'ormer Army tank driver shoves iff downriver today in an 18-foot >owerboat on a roundabout cruise o San Fransisco. Jimmy Brown, about 35, of Quin:y, 111., said he'll make the trip lone to settle a dare. He figures t will take about 20 days. The routo leads down the Mis- issippi River to the Gulf of Mex- co, across to the Panama Canal hen up the West Coast. Brown wouldn't say who made he dare. Preparations for the trip, ic said, have taken three months. Weather ARKANSAS — Generally fair ils afternoon, tonight and Wednosay: warmer Wednesday. MISSOURI — Fair tonight tind /ednesday; warmer west and north >nlght and over state Wedn««liy.