Page 2 article text (OCR)
T *?H, '^^i^*^^3v^^^i^^,^^^ t y^i^^i, f3^^^ra^p^J?. f ^| l<r *,. J Tv **"- -• - n "- vy i r ' J *- -' v ^""'*~\V« ~ ' >T* h" 4 ' **•? > 1 -*' ^'' '^' ~"' ^'S H *'-' ^c% f^/^-C"^* "~" ~ i '*~ i \',^° f * '. \^ J J ' ' ^ ^ r - *~ rt ** ' H ,i,' v u >-^ ' * ,s ,*','. t ~ v ~ - < , * EN ftntdwin lived With his parents on a farm not many miles^from New York city. One day Ben nnd his father were out in the field, hard at work in the hot sun, when the boy said: "Fnther.Iwant to talk with you about garden truck." "Well?" "You don't get a good price for it?" "A mighty poor price, Ben." •'And you can't do better?" "No; I've tried all the commission dealers, and none of them pay better than Bobbins." "So it hardly pays for you lo go to New York?" "No, it don't, for a fact." "Then why not let me go?" "That wouldn't be a bad idea," said the farmer, thoughtfully. "Ycm're getting- old enough to drive to New York now, and you ought to do that job just as well as I could. At the same time, if I let you go and stay at home myself, I can do a good deal more work about the farm. I'll think it over." That was all Mr. Baldwin said at the time; but that night, after supper, he suddenly announced: "Bon, I think I'll let you cart the produce to New York. But you must be careful when driving through the streets of the city." Ben promised, and then asked: "Don't you think, dad, that it would be possible to gat more money than Robbins pavs yon?" "No, I tell you; I've tried the whole lot of them." "Perhaps I could get more money." "But you can't." "If I do, will you let me have all I get over llobbins' price?" "Yes; provided you bring home cash eticli night. I've got to have reivdy money, for I'll have some help to pay off this summer." Ben went to bed that night and dreamed; that he hail grown so rich that the.Goulds had taken him into partnership. In the 1 morning he startled both of his parents by coining downstairs just after he was caUe'dthe first time. He helped his father to load the farm wagon, received the farmer's last instructions, and drove off. "This is a heap bettar'n hard work," the boy reflected, as the horse jogged along- the shady Westchester roacl. "May be a little more money in it, too," ha adclud. with a thrill of anticipatory delight. It was still early, according to the city ways of thinking-, when he drove across One Hundred and Twenty-fifth street and kept on toward Yorkville. But instead of keeping on toward ths markets, he turned down East Ninety- sixth street. and drew up before one of the apartment houses. Going to the basement he. pressed one of the row of buttons that stood near the dumb-waiter shaft. "Well?" demanded a woman, showing her head at the shaft door. "Want any vegetables?" "No." "Hut these are good—better'n any you ever get." '•That's what all you fellows say. We can't get any vegetables in Yorkville that are not four or five days old." "I know it, ma'am. That's why I've come around. I brought these in fresh from the country this morning." "The same old story," mumbled the won>an, but she regarded attentively This sale made, Ben tried the other ( people. As Soon as they saw how good and fresh the vegetables were, they were even anxious to buy. Out of the ten families in the house, Ben made seven sales. Then he went into the nest house. Here he was almost equally successful. By the time Ben Baldtt-in had canvassed Ninety-sixth, Ninety-fifth and Ninety-fourth streets, between Park and Third avenues, his big wagon- load of produce was gone. It was now a little past noon. Witt the air of a prosperous man who could ivfi'otc! such trifles, he stabled the horse and then went to the best restaurant he could find in that locality. A sumptuous meal followed. It was the best he had ever eaten. At least it seetned so to him, for, like the majority of boys, anything that he got in a restaurant was rather superior to home cooking. When he had finished eating ho took a pencil and a piece of paper and began to do some figuring. The result that he obtained cavlsed a gleam of delight to shine in his eyes. Then he drove slowly home to the farm. His father was waiting for him at the gate. "Sold all out, I see, Ben." "Yes, sir." "Any trouble about.it?" "No", sir." "And the money?" "Here it is." "Ben counted it out, and Mr. Baldwin took possession of it. He knew the prices which Robbins paid, and found the account correct to a cent. After that Ben drove tho market wag-on regularly three times a week. He visited the same district each time, and never failed to speedily sell out, for the customers that he had found on his first trip remained with him and even brought new customers. So it went on until the end of the summer. One clay Ben woke up too ill to drive to market. There was nothing for it but for Mr. Baldwin to drive the wagon into the city. When he arrived at the market where llobbins had anofiice, that gentleman came out. His first words were: "Well, Baldwin. Where have you been selling? Haven't seen you all the summer?" "But you've seen my boy right along. 1 sent him." "If you did he never got here."., "Are you sure of that?" "Positive." "Ben," said his father, when he returned from New York, "where have you been selling the garden truck all summer. "Sold it on my own account, dad; sold it direct to families." "Then you must have got a little more money than you gave me." "Yes, sir; I did." "Then where is the rest of the money?" "In tho bank. You know, clad, you said I could have all I got over Robbins' price." "So I did," Mr. Baldwin admitted.re- fiectively. "Well, what did you do with the money you kept for yourself?" "Banked it. You'll find the bankbook in the. top bureau drawer." Mr. Baldwin got the book and whistled in intense astonishment. His son's deposits footed up to $31(5.4:2. Thon the farmer took out his own memorandum book, and figured up that he had received from Ben during the whole summer $194.73. "I gave you Robbins' price each time, dad." "I know yon did; I kept track of that right along." "If you're not satisfied, clad ffife RfirtlBUCtS, AWSfjSi, fflWi, Wfe 4, FARM DEPARTMENT. USEFUL AMERICAN! 6<ri«ntifi« ftttiiafti e* ttfcftftfifit tft« iibd**tt faftti And t»»fa«fi—ti#« Stock, Poultry, bftlry, ApUfrf ftnd Orchard. _ Tlie C6fn6ll Unitfirsity agrleilltttfat experiment station has beett daffying ott some experiments with raspberries and blackberries and has arrlfed at the following conclusions'. 1, Black raspberries can be made a pfotttable farm Cfop Wnett gf dwn for evaporating purposes, and gathered by the aid of the berry harvester, regardless of proximity to markets. An average yield with good culture is about *}!> to so bushels per acre, 2. An average yield ot red raspberries is about'70 bushels per acre. An average yield of blackberries is about 100 bushels per acre. 3. A majority of growers find low summer pinching of blackberries best for. most varieties. 4. Growers are about equally divided in opinion as to whether red raspberries should be pinched back at all in summer. If pinched, it should be done low and early. The canes should bo made to branch low. 5. Evaporating- red raspberries has not yet proved profitable. 0. There seems to be no immediate prospect that blackberries can ( be profitably grown for evaporating purposes. 7. Berry canes which made their en tire growth after July 0 stood the winter as well or better than those which grew during the whole season. 8. Removing all young canes from a plantation bearing its last crop of ftfS now requiring tfre tts« ol wtfol, glo*efttakef3, hatmakers, shtre- makers, etc., besides clothes for men's wear, dress g oeds ior ladies, hosiery, upholstery, et& Some minds are sadly impressed by the stocks ot the Bales tb term ih thH-djsg, but it doi&S not anidtinl td efeit 100,000 bales, while the cofl* sumption of the world is monthly ol 300,000 bales, in fator of a rise in sticks is the actual cneapflesa, making iheuseoi wool attainable for many lines, speculators tfrili get eu to it as seen as confidence is restored, «,nd fabrics hafe beem lowered frdffl §5 fcd 20 per cent, ana itt certata lines more. The actual effects of this latiott en German trade, 1 am not ure ^ared to state, but 1 kndt* that the step is hailed with jay by ths British manufacturer who is Germany's only serious rival." Hay Sheds. f he current range of prices for farm products renders it imperative that the farmer should use economies such as.he4as»never practiced before, says Hay Trade Journal. In fact, in this enforced economy lies one of the sweetest uses of adversity. Men and nations that have been compelled to use economy before they Were too old to learn are uniformly prosperous, while those who have developed without such lessons usually have a rough road before them. One of the greatest wastes on the farm is that of hay after it has been cut and stacked. The waste is in many directions. The waste in stacking is reduced to the minimum where farmers stack as they do in the older countries, where the climate is such as to render large barns or hay sheds impracticable. Under these circumstances the stack is built with a skill such as few Americans possess, raked as no American will take the time to rake it, and _ t»fi ine Mde-f, oft tfca t&cicheun *nd bttentiffi€s ai&fcg the milk teifis. th| ftttfttbtt of opening bodies tsf animals which AH uftder suspicions Mrciim- staasw is one whieH should noi be eh* Cburaged amofcg farniefs, unles* pfecauti&n& are ebserted. If, U v,,T=.or, this p-dst t&of tern work is attempted oft Texas fetef carcasses, the coldrolthe blddd« the enlarged ftnd yellowish liter, the ettdrmauslf eft 1 larged afid congested spleen or milt will attract attention. As antraxdias ifl twd sections bf Delaware «»T -»M5 -to fftst twd years, it is ne'cea* nary to state that danger of confusing It with 1'es^ fever exists. If the blddd bf a tiCtim I* f blind ta be thick nog black instead of thin and red, fo no further with the exa tiou, and telegraph at once to an w periment station for assistance. Unite* nnd elifceae Etpoftfc A writer in New World says; A large increase In the Canadian exports of cheese during the past year was en confidently expected that the increaoa of only 100,000 boxes is a great disappointment. The explanation is that owing to the prevailing hard times the consumption of cheese has been much smaller than in ordinary years, and certainly the Canadians have no reason for disappointment if they contrast their increase of 100,000 bosai with our decrease of nearly 460,600 during the same period. This same 450,000 decrease tells its own tale. Foreigners will not have our skimmed milk and "filled" cheese, and we are rapidly losing our export trade. Th« fault lies with ourselves, and if we do not speedily correct it we can not aspect to supply foreign markets. Wo are making the same mistake with butter. The export demand is steadily diminishing, and there is only a ealu lo g o, and tb'e latter asked: " 4 " -T, &h<m we ttalk ot tfifce th6 stneef , papa," replied the lit tie girl, "111 <&alk if you caffy me.*' iti the Jjcfrtiift ot .LQuugd fetidowed tfritn "tfrfi<h ^wj^—— the dreams of avarice." the! Wretched jam- E6fef front chfohic dyspepsia is plii&ged ifl the deptliS of toiSery from -which he oT »n» seldom emerges even for ft day at a Stf6tch t There is ft ^&y to dowfi the Imp. Intdte the aid 6f Hostet bet's Stomach Bitters ftttd he departs. KeepnaiUg the medicine, httd the relief you pt&mptlv experience finally b'8cbiheg pel-maflent dttd ft thorough cute IS effected. Heartburn, fi&tulencte, tihe&st- fiess fttid sinki&g at the pit of the stom&en, nervousness, insoM&ift—these ftre symjj- toms fifst relieved and finally cured, With their cause, by tWs ineffably reliable specific. LiVef complaint ahd constipation, brother tol'tnebtors of dyspepsia, are ftlso scttt to limbo by the Bitters. So are rheumatism, malaria and kidney comfalaiflt. Use this helpful medicine systematically, not by fits aiid starts. If there is any do apt to growl when taste. g in ft matt it is pretty his food is Bottohia Hall'* Catarrh fcttfa Is taittin internally. Price, 75d* rSr-sHflHlS^s^ ^-g.jgg, "d&^^^^S^^frr^^^^^S-^'^I^"""" The custard pie is the poor wan ( » legitimate dessert. There is no upper crust to It. , Cne'H Cough nm«am 's tho oinost, and best. It, will break tm tt Cold niilclt er than Anything olac. It Is nlwiiya reliable, 'll-y iu Asa rule the life of the conscientious real estate agent is filled with good deeds. Karl's Clovcf Kdot Tea, Thn RreatntootlpurlHei'.glves rreshni'HsiincI Plearne*! toUieUornploxloi>u,iiUcui'esOotisti|>aUoli. 25o.,50e.,»U It is perfectly safe to abuse the public. No reader ever takes it personally. "A. Cup of Parks' Ten atnightmoves tbe bowels in the morning." Unfortunately a man's funeral sermon comes too late for him to live up to. w Manson's Magic tJos-ii Sttlr*." Warranted to cih'e or moiley refunded. A*k your irugglst for It. Prlco 15 centK. A corset Is nothing more than a vratet basket without any poetry in it Dyspepsia,, indigestion are caused by bad blood, and by a run down, worn out condition of the body. Remember Scvrsa- parilla Be sure to get Hood's Hood's PlilS are gentle, mild and effeothj JSctncatlonai T-OlPjStJ^I^ESS. hand, Tolesrwpl-... catalogue free. Iowa R ness College, BOB la. A. C. J TTT » •vrmTJVn YOUNG PBOPL15 to flt tbrj W AJN TJiji' selves for business, forth O st Univerblty, or for touching. The Iowa City CM rnerclul College, Academy and School of Short!) offer unequnled facilities. Our praduates se( .^ir^v'lVlTa^Bf f^°a r SOT?^ UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAM THE FIFTY-FIRST YEAR WILL TUESDAY, SEPT. 4TH. I,a\r, Pull courses In Classics, tetters, Science, ] ilivll anclMeoUanloai Engineer lug. Tho Preparatory and Commen-lal Courses. St. Kdward's Hall for boys under 13 Is unique In tho completeness of A SCENE IN CHINA-GATHERING OF" TEA.-FROM FARMERS'^ REVIEW. TJIja STAR'/ 1 TO PB08PEBITV. the frsvnk honest face of the young' produce merchant, and her tone showed that she was mores than half inclined to believe him, Ben was quick to take advantage of the slight impression which he had produced. "Suppose you were going to buy some vegetables of me," he said, insinuatingly, "what would it ba?" "Peas and cucumbers, most likely." "If you'll wait just a minute, ma'am. I'll send you up some and you can see v.-hat'they're like." In a minute he was back again- Ho hwnlod tlie samples up on the durab- wf.Uor and the woman inspected the lot. "Why, they're really fresh," she ex* claimed in-suvprise. "Yos'm: I told you tUey were." "The best I've seen this ye'ir," "Will you tftke tUom?'' »'Uuw inuehv 1 " - • JJen named the price. It vyas tjiil fig-ui-o fo.r p,e>»e down, tlie ilnd tjw w.Q»fiy- "I'll have to be, for I gave you my word, and I'll stick to it. But until today I thought all along that you were taking the stutt' to llobbins. What put the scheme in your head to pick up a private route?" "Well, you know that woman that was visiting the Smiths? She lives in Yorkville, and I heard her say that it was impossible to get really good, fresh vegetables in that part of the city, Uy the time the garden truck got out of the commission merchant's hands up that way the stuff was pretty old and stale. So I thought I'd try and make money by supplying a long-felt want." "You're pretty sharp, Ben," said his father, thoughtfully. "When you roach 31 I'm going to tako you in as partner on tho farm." "Thank-you, dad, but I hope by that time, to be in business in tho city," "Yes, I guess you are too smart to pass all your life on , a. farm," the farmer assented. Tlu> Spirit Owl**—An liulUtu Uoliof, The ancient Mojavoj Indians be- lievod that all who died and wore not cremated turned i»N> owls. Even at the present time they always spealc of owls a,s being^the spirit of some detld brave returned. After any one of tho tribe clips they do not wash nor eat salt for ton days. In former times they had an annual burning of the property ot the dead, at which time tho living wore ex* peoted to sacrifice some article ol value. This seems to have been done with the belief that the smoke from the offering would asjpend to tho departed on the • •Great White : Mpuntaiu." vviucli is their Ueuvej* or ' y hunting 1 groumls." fruit materially increases the yield. 9. Raspberries and blackberries can be successfully grown under glass, but require artificial pollination and a comparatively high temperature. 10. Under ordinary conditions, thin- •ning the fruit of raspberries and blackberries, other than that done by the spring pruning, date not pay, 11. Cutting off the bearing canes early in spring does not induce autumn fruiting of raspberries. 13. Frequent spraying with water throughout; the blossoming period did not interfere with pollination and sub' sequent fruit production. 13. The only remedy for red-rust is to dig up ani burn at once every plant found to be affected. Cut away and burn all canes affected with anthracnose pits and spray the planta^ tion with Bordeaux mixture, Hoot* galls weaken the plants, causing them to appear as if suffering from poor soil. Removing the plants and burn* ing the roots is the only remedy. 14. The dewberry of the Pacific slope is Rubus vitifolius. This species often jeays imperfect or pistillate flowers. The Skagit Chief bore pistillate flowers with us and was therefore in- ftite with itself. of Wool. No KUnu on Him. — YOU have drawn that donkey very mealy, Johnny, hut yos have foi'tfotten one tUiug, Where is jiis tail? Job,noy—Oh, that donkey doesn't need'any tail. There aVI n,Q flies on him,—Onoe a Week. „ Peachy is 9 very busy nja;,, nothjng. buyout CQu,paR8 &U i'voaj That the crisis in wool and skeep liusbandry is conceded, and a permanent progress is now developing in the change to mutton breeds, and the adoption of the improved breeds with improved care and management- A correspondent ol the Wool and Cotton Reporter says: "The crisis actually existing on wool is not to be denied, but it is not a? real as apparent and is not to be of a leng duration, that is, prjpes as low as those of to* day are not to last much longer, Ja looWpg at the always increasing con- enrnption Q| that material oypr »H the, world, one way eaisily perceive that, it is near &n advance to miees- Wha,t are tbe causes pf su$» uneasiness, &»& s^eh depression? Pessimists (will argue of large stocks and pygr praducs^ tion- y» c b is »ot stall the iet us figure the of sto«fes ^fuee, with tbe world- Wb^tare, )QO,OftO bales W9T« frga ., jjiter i?}atg §f tb^is§las1i yiai 1 *? It Mwr , Deeded ta co.wponA»tP, &3 always •«• » I l I _^ _.. J._J.1^4^^M *xMy«^ vmftn fl 4T1 1 then thatched as no American will ever thatch. Under our conditions hay can be put in large barns of almost any size, although it is dangerous to put clover hay in barns brer twenty feet high (to tbe square) on account of spontaneous combustion. As ordinarily stacked and especially in the prairie country, the stacks suffer first from tbe damage by the deposit of moisture on the outside during the heated period, a damage which has been estimated by scientists of not less than 13 per cent It suffers from insufficient raking, from leaning to one side or tbe other on account of unskillful building, from blowing off of the tops during severe wind storms and from waste that comes from handling these' stacks in the winter, many farmers having from one to five stack ^buttons covered with snow or wet with rain during the latter part of the winter season, The remedy for all this is the hay shed. A hay shed 30x10 will hold from 35 to 40 tons of hay, depending on the care with which it is filled. It can be made a cheap or expensive structure, a? suits the taste of the builders- Whichever it may be it will insure the crop going to mar^ ket in good condition instead of at & discount of several dpllarsper ton, caused by exposure. Jt ?e¥na Fever B Farmers will do well to heed the vice given iw » recent bulletin t< the Delaware experiment etattoft says; }f it is customary lor drovers to use tbe public Wgbw&yii -fswops should satisfy themselves" ^t tbe im* loading steilo» on the, I'liUva&d $ja$ strange herds have ngfc epraj fy<?m, tejj. ritQry prescribed l?y fee 8««ret»py «* agriculture, jf jive, itpete dm swAfP ' ' -— eirpu.mst&»cet —"*- -'• — for the finest table butter and tho cheapest grades. The latter meana oleomargarine. To make butter exportation pay, only a strictly prime quality in a perfectly fresh condition should be sent, otherwise disaster ia certain. Canada, Australia and New Zealand, our competitors, not merely make good butter, but are shipping, it 10,000 miles, part of the way in the tropics, yet manage to y place their product in Ijondon, Liverpool and Glasgow in as fresh condition as when it starts, • ' . ; , Roquefort Cheese. • RO»«UBFOBT cheese is by many considered the rie plus ultra of dairy products. Being made from sheep's milk, it presents elements that render it unique. Its manufacture was for many years confined to the plateau of 4'^arzac—about twenty miles square- situated in the mountainous district of Southwestern France, and having an elevation ot over 000 feet, The in* creased demand for the cheese during the last half century has given a tre* mendous impulse to tb$ industry» which now extends many miles oyer the surrounding mountainous district The native sparse vegetation oi the hillsides being supplemented by «»!• tivated nutritious grasses and clovers, kaa increased both the quality and quantity of the cheese produced* *Kbe evening's mills is placed i» tin4iijed copper pots »nd kept warm, u.ntil morning, when the grgam is, removed. The skimmed milk ^ added to the fresh, wprning's 'supplyi feoth are heated and tbe rennet stirred in. When the curd forms it is gut in all dlrsojtfous with » wppdep fcnrfe, the whey T&gioi 1 d, ra ^rn off during tbe e,ut« $£g, Tbe surd te then lightly g<jij§§fed'»Bd worked with tbe Sa»dj The course of instruction In this Academy, conductor! by ttfo Religions of tho Snared Heart, embraces tl>e whole ranee of subjects necessary to constitute ft solid nndrennededucatlon, Propriety of deportment, per- Rnnal neatness and the piinciples of morality aieob- leote of iinceaBi B attention. Extensive grounds af- Jofd the pupulevery facility for unful bodl y• exw- else, theK- lUlth i« an oWo^of ^ftont^oUdUde, THE, SftGRED H&ftRT I CLIP. 101 'Dowenoe present »• smiling cotmtennnoeT Why »hcral(l, •wo not? « i» true ws Imve tieen overworked »nd«»w»wHI» ?ur Br».tl" ncrnwed facilities, hnvo Jmd tu «ork nijhh, «o iupply the demands made upon vs for Aermotors, taiiks and toilers This ever increasing, ne»er ceasing demand for our Bood" even iS times of g.rea» business depression, make, us fired, but h»ppy. " witness.the .smiling countenance in sring Aen tnesS M1O »nilMllB uumiwtmw^ ,u While others cannot get work ta the best thing that can material that la mica that eve; back it ell by the Lost reputation eter made made, at tho lowest TIM made, wit to do, how to do it and invariably ncconi- plibhuii; tho re eult. All the that the Aermotor how to make Wind and tanks, frdoro on us from every no°)t A business depression In felt py us. Tbo worW fore, any wonder ths* doubling our last yoar» 9f •world knpiri Co, alone knows mills, steel towera for them pour In up- ondcorner"'the earth, nny ono locality )9 not is our fleW. !» it, there- we arc busy anl »ro output, even in these Everyone on the Aerrao- office boy $e the owners, .-.- i» design- diiyTVf depression? tor premises, from tho « "prwro 1 "/ MHl - -»$ wmotor%nii"oyMi S>M»f I'riHs. W'SV "fc prosperous an4 wmotor '"Syn'tha^ifii c 9ro mot|on » n d great upheavjl .ww 4. ^theAeraptor peoplowere at WP*- 'gped cheer, ""ft read"*" 1 "" 1 " 1 " 1 "'