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The Western Times from Exeter, Devon, England • 3

Publication:
The Western Timesi
Location:
Exeter, Devon, England
Issue Date:
Page:
3
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

UNCLE FRED'S YOUNG FOLKS' LEAGUE. RULES. 2 be Honest and Obedient. 3 hz Kind to Birds and Animals Lend a Helping Hand. $U'fn tuesie Rales carefully through, then 11 out, and send the Coupon to PI Western Times Office, MOTTO FOR AUGUST.

fi read to work, be ready to play, rea when duty calls; Pp to nil the well spent day, read whate'er befalls. ead to act in time of need, to help always; to do a kindly deed, eady to smooth rough ways. Gapt. GIRLIE BUDGE. Hy uear Nephews and Nieces, ay 011 which I am writing this letter leti August 19th, and by a coincidence oi llVl looked at a certain newspaper a few a w' ago 1 saw that 11 was tllc bir thday llown American man.

There is a mrin 'hich may prove in naillc ls Herbert Hoover and 11 rl got to know a good bit about Ul the great war. On August 19th. viJla ge blacksmith of a small ist er Colrmi unity in Iowa knocked at his door and when she opened it, a ht Well, we have another General Jnu st at ur house General Grant, I fh you, was at that time President of ed ta te of a good ou eri Tliis was Jesse Hoover's way of ne the birth of his son. This son, i ov er, is now a candidate for the a 'eiicy of the United States, and as he trf rl Inan ancl stands for all that is best hfe of the nation, I hope he will win. a of nine lie was orphaned, and with various relatives.

In each which he went lie did what in Ca is called "chores" for his keep, Ucn money as he got hold of he carefcense nse ved to pay for his university on. He went to the University an old i California, and made good n' seems to me, from all I have a to read about Herbert Hoover that good all the time. Some of fallow students were one day talking uc What do you mean by about Hoover's luck?" the principal hasn't had luck, he has had Ward cr Hoover on leaving the university a.m way in a mmc lie foreman Then he walked into the the first mining engineer in San th 4 and asked for a job. He was told a typist's job was on offer, and be Was ri ht 111 take iv and ITI thT 6 lext Tuesday." He didn't know JOy about, typewriting, but what be Between then and the esd lie learned to work the 0 a when he got to the office was able required of Later he Eondon and was a junior partner in ne world's biggest mining 0 He was happily married and bard with the idea of saving up mone to go back to California. ately a crash came, and he was a firj financial obligations to meet.

He wife left their dream home in rrna for the future, so while she made fir llats lie set tn work to again place 1 a sound footing. While he was haj to do this he was asked to become la of the Commission for the Relief during the war. It meant put- acl a side for the sake of humanity all he VPr worked for, but his reply was, I guess I'll have to let the fortune aze s- I'm going to take the Belgian ir Be igi an ol) meant the giving of a ti(j bread to seven million people, tasjj Herbert HooveT accomplished this 8 one of the great things in history. This comes with love from UNCLE FRED. COMPETITIONS.

My 1 lk for the best correct entry. Jkfy irst is in child, but no in girl; Aty Cond 'B in ringlet, but not in curl; Ajy is in maid, but not in man; lo urth you will find in bath and in tn i in king, and not in queen; blxt in both flower and rose will be I eve is in teacher and also in whole is the name of an old Alport. le Jn Was sent by Gertrude Feltham and four marks. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. PliZe will be lor the best correct lUegti', yoa cannot answer all the 1 virV do as many as you are able.

composed the famous Moonnata?" sr vote the River Jordan with his ir 3 and divided it? 6 (litc at is known as "the key to the Vbo was St. Denis? aro the words inscribed on the 6 -MVi Cross? does Mizpah mean" tr at was the capital of England This udoi as sent by A. J. Hockin and he may 4 111 arks. ZE LETT ER COMPETITION.

j'j" ago I did not set a 54 to way but invited niem- ly a a letter to me, promising to rize lor the best, one received. As rest 1S not an easy i 0 to say wnich is 0 of the many good ones I have Co 1 am most pleased with the result ir nB i ratulate most of the writers on ar In many cases a little more be taken with the liandwriting Ui itle Way the letter is laid-out." i en, luucb jumble of sentences and tl tar Ugb Punctuation; also in several nJhe tbe spelling is very weak. lor prize goes to BARBARA th Luckesses. Twitchen, near lii ar tt for thu followin oi! ci i le I was a tiny ust able to talk, I saw some Jj Liking and asked mummy why ssth ed when they drank. She told oWn 1 knmv so 1 said 1 ltS I 0 ti.

1 for their nk don 't you?" a gu ls a good thought for all the Go for all good gifts come Ur a am we should be like the chicks: dr id thank God for them. ls conies with love from gUj BARBARA GEEN (age 7). aud -ackman (1075), gets 10 marks. of the senior prizes are: Capt. 11- -ACH (676).

Brooiuhill, Pancrass "WESTERN TIMES" YOUNG FOLKS' LEAGUE I desire to become a Member of the Young Folks' League," and promise to keep up its rules. Name in full Address Age Birthday Year School Introduced by No 31-8-28. week, Holsworthy, and Col. PICKARD (338), 4, Higher Maudlin-street, Barnstaple. Their letters will be printed next week, and I think all of you will enjoy reading them as much as I have done.

The following get 10 marks each. Schoolhouse, Buckland Brewer, Bideford. Dear Uncle Fred, it been lovely weather lately I am sure that 'God's in His heaven, alls right with the The lovely flowers deck the shady country lanes, and the stately trees, with their fresh green leaves, give shade to many a traveller. In the country lanes Mother Nature has been very busy indeed. There are glorious sunsets, and as the sun slowly sinks in the West, it illumines the sky with a red hue.

Don't you think that summer is a joyful season when the birds sing their gay songs of melody, and the laughing brook ripples as it wends its way past fairylike ferns and velvety moss'? It must be beautiful at the seaside where the sparkling water ripples in to the sandy beach. Doesn't the sun look picturesque as slowly sinking in the West it sheds a path of golden light across the calm blue sea for fairy feet to step on. The poet is right who says: It is good to be alive when the strong winds blow, The strong sweet winds blowing straightly off the sea. Great sea, green with swinging ebb and flow, It is good to be alive and see the waves lun by. Don't you think, Uncle Fred, that now the beautiful weather has come to make everybody happy, we ought to make someone happy too Sidney Smith says: "There is only one way to be happy and that is to make somebody else so," and I think he is quite right.

It's the songs ye sing, and the smiles ye wear, That's a-making the sun shine every, where. Are not the flowers beautiful at this time of the year? They look so dainty in their gorgeous dresses of different hues, and dance like little fairies. Autumn will soon be here and then the leaves will flutter away to the call of the autumnal breezes. I always think that the mother tree must be very lonely when her children, the leaves, flutter and twirl away from her, for she has no artistic leaves to cover her bare boughs as she sways about in the breezes. The poet is right who says: Some who say that they know about it, Tell me the earth is a vale of sin, But I and the birds, and the flowers, we doubt it, And think it a world worth living in.

Well, I must close now. Good-bye for the time. With love from DOREEN. BABB (Age 13. No.

922. Schoolhouse, Buckland Brewer, Bideford). Dear Uncle am telling you a little story about a noble and clever dog which shows us that if we are kind to animals they will show their love to us. A little girl named Ellen and her dog Rover, were great friends. One cold day in winter, Ellen took Rover with her to the pond to skate.

After skating a while, Ellen said to Rover, We will have a race." As they were lacing, Rover got in Ellen's way and caused her to fall and knock herself. This made her very angry and she said Go away you clumsy thing," and she lifted her hand as though to strike him. Poor Rover trotted to the other side of the pond and looked back to Ellen with pleading eyes, but Ellen would not make friends with him. As Ellen was skating, the ice gave way beneath her and she fell into the water. As soon as Rover saw what had happened, he forgot her unkind words and went bounding to her over the ice.

"Run home, Rover," she said to him, and off he went. On reaching the house he barked loudly. When Ellen's father opened the door he tried to pull him along by the coat and looked up in his face as though he wanted to tell him that Ellen was in danger. The father followed Rover to the pond and found Ellen still clinging to the ice. He soon got her out of danger.

Ellen was very thankful to Rover for what he had done for her and she never spoke an unkind word to him again. ETHEL B. CLATWORTJIY. Dear Uncle am telling a story from which I think we could all learn a lesson. Some years ago two men set out to cross the Alps.

It was a day in late autumn but no snow had yet fallen. As the men started on their long journey, early in the morning, there was every promise of a fine day. Higher and higher they climbed, the.v found it hard work, for they could not stop and rest by the way. They had a long journey and wished to reach the end of it before night came on. At noon, they sat down by a spring and crank of its cool waters and ate the food they had brought with them.

But they were soon on their wav again. -As they were still some distance from the top, a change came on; dark clouds gathered in the sky, the wind rose, and big flakes of snow began to fall. Ihey pushed bravely on, and thicker and faster came the snow, and the wind beat in their faces. "Let us rest" said the younger ot the two men. No said his friend, if we fall asleep we shall not wake again Quite numbed with cold he sank to the ground.

His friend tried to get him to rise but he could not. There is no reason why too. should lose my life, "hj said, as he left him and went on his way alone. Soon a nobler thought came to his mind, and he went back and he rubbed the frozen limbs of his friend, until the blood began to move' and he was able to go on the way once more. The man who had saved him was much better, for tho work of nibbing his friend's limbs had brought new life and warmth to his own body.

So they finished the journey in safety. How often it happens, that in doing good to others, we do quite as much good to ourselves. This comes with love from (Capt.) WINNIE CLATWORTHY. These get. 8: Captain Lilian Cottle (601), and Major Edward" J.

Ryan (106). UNCLE FRED'S POSTBAG. Captain LILIAN quite envy you having been able to have a holiday on Dartmoor. There is no holiday I enjoy better, and I wish it was possible for me to go this year. In imagination I can see what you saw: the beautiful scenery formed by the majestic tors crowned by the splendid sky and the fairy-like clouds; the.

lovely purple heather and the browned turf with the ponies and black cattle forming a picture past human skill to transfer to canvas. ELSIE is pleasing to know that you enjoy the Young Folks' League so much and that page 3 is the first one you turn to when you get the Western Times." If you keep the rules you will find life not nearly so difficult as it would be if you ignored them. Major EDWARD JOHN RYAN. was a capital letter, but you spoilt it a bit by not punctuating it properly. By that I mean you did not put the stops In the right places and so by running on your thoughts got the meaning a bit mixed up.

I liked the story very much for it truly showed that love and self-sacrifice and not looking out for honours as so many do to-day, bring happiness and contentment. FRED PEARCE. if you- have not yet received your shilling mr the General i Knowledge Comnetitiou." 1 will sec about itJ Capt. WINNIE You. too, seem to have been missed when the prizes were sent out for July 27th.

I will look into it and no doubt the shilling will be forthcoming. Possibly I forgot to send the list of winners to Exeter that week. Like everybody else, I forget things sometimes! ARTHUR for the Bright Bit. When it is printed you may count 4 marks. That will make you 20 altogether and so you must keep on trying if you want to be a Captain.

That needs 100 and five of them must be for introducing new members to the League. Thank Doris for her contribution. The Auntie and Audrey are quite well, thank ypu. Audrey is two years old on September lst. A.

HOCKIN got your letter and the suggested competition and thank you How did you enjoy your holiday Col. KATHLEEN Kathleen, that I made a mistake. I really had the impression that you were nearly 16, but am pleased to bud that the birthday does not come until December 27th. In the meantime I expect you will win some more prizes, and that at any rate you will send me some more nice letters. lam glad to know that the Young Folks' League has always been a source of pleasure to you and that you have benefited by the teaching 1 have tried to impress on the members.

Yes, Audrey did get well "painted" when she picked whorts on Molland Moor I Major RUBY FOLLAND was delighted to have such a long and interesting letter after so long a lapse of time. That "putting off" trouble is a danger to most of us. Sorry to learn of your accident and hope by now the ankle is fully recovered. You seem to have had a good time at Plymouth and Minehead and also at Bude. Why, you have been quite a traveller.

That puppy of yours seems to be a fine animal. JOSEPHINE Mill seems to have forgotten me lately, so I am more than pleased to see that you have written. Being so busy with your school studies does take up a lot of time, I know. Glad to know that you have got better from your illness, and that you were able to go to Ilfracombe. MEMBERSHIP LIST, 1146.

WONNACOTT The Village, Sticklepath, near Okehampton. Age 9. Birthday, September lst. Introduced by No. 725.

1147. WONNACOTT, The Village, Sticklepath. near Okehampton. Age 8. 4th.

Introduced by No. 725. 1148. DANIELS. Ford Farm, Sticklepath.

Age 13. Birthday, May 2nd. Introduced by No. 725. 1149.

POWLESLAND, Devonshire Inn, Sticklepath. Age 14. Birthday, April 3rd. Introduced by No. 725.

1150. MAY MALLETT, No. Council Houses, South Tawton, near Okehampton. Age 8. Birthday, May 21st.

Introduced by No. 725. JAMES HOLMAN, Taw River Cottage, Sticklepath. Age 11. Birthday, January 30th.

Introduced by No. 725. EVELYN, Tha Grove, Sticklcpath. Age 9. Birthday, October 20th.

Introduced by No. 725. JOHN POWLESLAND. Edington Cottage, Sticklepath. Age 10.

Birthday. April lst. Introduced by No. 725. ILA-DORA POWLESLAND, 'Edineton Cottage, Sticklepath.

Age 9. Birthday, August 9th. Introduced by No 725" MALLETT, Eoundrv Cottage fcticklepalh. Age 6. Birthday, August 2nd.

Introduced by No 1156-chrissie Evelyn mallett, Foundry Cottage Sticklepath. Age 10. Produced by No. 725. 7 BAJ MALLETT, The Village.

S.K-klepath. 9 Birthday, April lst. Introduced by'No 725 UNCLE FRED. PHILOSOPHY 1 TILLAGE "Gentlemen," said the Parson as 'c looked the chair, "this evening we are to have friendly argument. We are to decide which has the greater power, the spoken word or the written word.

I conTess I should not find it easy to have such great effect, I think, more than we imagine. But we are lucky in having two skilled debaters to open up the matter. Mr. Johnson will advocate the spoken word, whilst Mr. Simpson will introduce the arguments for the written word.

We will ask the (Schoolmaster to begin." So Mr. Johnson got up right away. "Gentlemen," 'c said, I shall introduce my side of this debate by asking: 'What makes a great public speaker or preacher It is not the words he uses. They help, but they don't do it all. The greatness is in giving those words the pow er and force of his own personality.

When staid, quiet men are led to wild enthusiasm, when women show the intensity of their feelings by tears; in a word, when people show the very depths of their hearts, it is not just words that can cause this. It is personal force, magnetism if you will, the triumph of the speaker. Again, to take a quite different illustration. When we express sympathy, perhaps to one who has lost someone very dear, our words matter very little, it is the heart-feeling conveyed in speaking. Written words are cold, formal, almost heartless is only the spoken word that can adequately convey sympathy.

It is so in every other aide of life. Somebody 'will say, perhaps, that talking is not doing. Well, the very use of this saying in itself shows the power of the spoken word. I think, gentlemen," said the Skulemaister in concluding speech, "it cannot be gainsaid that to make the best of words they need to be spoken, so that their force, their shades of meaning, their inmost character can be shown." The chaps clapped Skulemaister as 'c sawte down, but I don't fancy 'c was so wtill as usual. What 'c 'ad to say was all right, but somehow it seemeth too heavy like.

Twadden Skulemaister just a chap making a speech. Howsumever Mr. Simpson was called on next to let us 'aye 'c's side. "Gentlemen," 'c started in a bright sort of manner, "Mr. Johnson was certainly well-chosen to 1 say, the speakers.

But somehow I think his arguments lack are just dead words with not even the dormant life which even the Schoolmaster will admit lies in the written word. Which brings me to my first of course, personally connected with Mr. Johnson. If some speakers can give to words, life, authority, strength, it is certain that other speakers can kill the natural beauty of words and make the most moving passages a mere jumble, without character or even sense. So that rather cuts away Mr.

Johnson's main point, especially if we admit, as we must, that far more speakers kill the words, rather than beautify them. But let us get on to some positive arguments. What of the power of educational books, technical books, travel, fiction, study daily life is surrounded by books. Then take the vast power of the Press. We all read newspapers, our knowledge of the world, its troubles, fashions, strengths and weaknesses is founded on this great arm of the written word.

We buy because of the written Ouv opinions, our lives, our whole environment is determined by the written word. One last don't ant to lay it on too thick. Nobody can store up a spoken word. So in business everything is confirmed in writing. Legal points must be in writing if they are to be kept and honoured.

I will suggest that the spoken word has some power, but compared with the written word it is infinitesimal." So Stationmaster sawte down, all of a glow and the chaps clapped too, 'cause 'c spawke wull. Nov. 'twas open to anybody to 'aye a tull and first of all Eli Wilkins lawsed up. Gentlemen," 'c said, "it seems to me that Mr. Simpson's speech is very wull if you agrees to one that is that everybody reads a lot and ants to read.

But you can take it from me there'e a lot that don't What they yers and what they passes on is all by word of mouth. They stands to the corner and lulls one to the other, and 'ayes a word with they what passes by. The 'written word' as Stationmaster calls it don't matter to chaps like that. But if they goes to Church or Chapel of a Sunday, or to a meeting anytime, what they yers there they takes notice of. Besides wdiat Mr.

Johnson says is 'idden no go nor feeling in words, whether they'm in books or rate out the man. speaking what counts." "I reckon," said Jack Harper who follied on, "that the wimmin folk gives the best argyment for the power of speech. When you comes to think how they keeps us menfolk in order, just by their talk 'tis marvellous to me. There's all these men what reads the 'written woid' of Mr. Simpson and listens' to the 'spoken word' of Mr.

Johnson, upstanding great chaps, knowledgeable and any woman, simply by the power of speech can keep'm in order." Jack sawte down exhausted like and of course the chaps didn't forgit to somebody, think 'twas Harry Rogers called 'out 'Twould take a purty good woman to keep you in order I reckon." Howsumever, Mr. Higginson got up next. "Gentlemen," 'c said, "I'm afraid 1 cannot support the Schoolmaster. It is true that spoken words have great power and influence. But they rarely last.

The only speeches we remember, with a possible exception or two, ara those which have been written down. I'm afraid sermons are the same, they are forgotten almost before the hearers reach home. But look at the matter in another way. If anybody has any influence by word of mouth it is surely schoolmasters, and all due respect to Mr. we learn at school, or did.

is what we read and studied. The oral tuition possibly directed our studies, but the hard grind at the books actually taught us. Well, then, if a supreme Diety like a schoolmaste could see Mr. Johnson get his work done by the magnetism of his speech, it must be obvious that the written word is the stronger." 'Twould seem as if the book chaps i was getting the best of it but Mr. Curtis got up to back up Skulemaister a bit.

"It seems to me, gentlemen," said, "as if we are in danger of forgetting that the greatness of most of our public men depends upon their personal influence in tiirn depends upon their powers of speech. Mr. Simpson mentioned the power of the Press, quite rightly too but Press reports come after the speeches, they simply set down what has passed. The men responsible for the government iv the country, whether in the Houses of Parliament, Town Councils or small parishes, are men able to talk, to express their view clearly. This is the power of the spoken word." Us didn't vote, 'cause 'twas too late, but I think 'twould 'aye bin a toss-up anyway.

P'haps sometime us'll 'aye another go at the same thing. FLASHLIGHTS FOR FARMERS. Ewes met witli a keen demand at the annual show and sale of registered Southdown sheep at Chichester recently, and 4,128 of all ages averaged £3 os od. The top price was £0 apiece. The King's winning shearling ewes made guineas.

Trade for rams and ram lambs was very keen, several being bought for Argentina and New Zealand. A record price was paid for ram lambs, a winning single lamb being bought for 130 guineas for Argentina. Two two-shear rams made 100 guineas each. Altogether 339 rams aveiv.ged £14 9s, and 513 ram lambs averaged £8 8s 2d. -X- Since the weather broke a little more than a week ago, the corn harvest has proceeded at an average pace.

There has been a good deal of interruption, and last week's heavy showers caused work to drag. Furthermore, mist and drizzle was against drying. According to a correspondent there are no reports as yet of injury from exposure, but, as he points out, there is the risk of sprouting, should the ripe grain remain for long in a damp state, current temperatures being high. -X- The President of the North Ribblesdale Show, Mr. J.

A. Farrer, speaking after the luncheon at their recent show, said that some people laid part of the blame for the depressed condition of agriculture on the Government. Farmers now had more influence in Parliament than ever before, and he did not think those present blamed the Government At Settle they relied largely on self help, and he hoped that they would continue to do so. Agriculture would revive with the general prosperity of tho country, but he saw very small signs of this at the moment. He hoped that everyone would continue to keep up their stock and to get people interested in shows and According to a Washington message there is a prospect of wheat prices becoming lower, because the harvest! of twenty corn-growing countries in America have indications of totalling 2,873,000,000 bushels.

The Acting Secretary of Agriculture has issued a bulletin, which estimates that the harvest of all countries in the Northern hemisphere will total approximately 73,000,000 bushels more than ltust year. As against that, the bulletin adds that the possible increase in the world supply of wheat is offset largely by the prospect of a smaller rye crop in Europe. X- It is pointed out that the rye production of countries from whom leports are available, is estimated to reach only 557.000.000 bushels, as compared with last year. Belfry Topics With tlie increasing popularity of the carillon more bells than ever before are being sent to the United States and the Continent from England. The United States is now a good customer for carillons, and the workmen at the Loughborough bell foundry have been busy despatching for the wonderful carillon to be erected at Mountain Lake, Florida.

This carillon consists of bl bells, ranging from 141b to the flat which weighs tons. These bells, given by Edward William Bok, will be placed in a beautiful white marble tower now being erected in the Bird Sanctuary by the American Foundation Incorporated. Belts can be sent from England to the" United States with a duty of 40 per cent, paid, and supplied there at a lower price than bells produced by Americans in their own country. Although English bells are cheaper, they are infinitely better in quality than the American products. Another carillon at present in the Loughborough foundry is almo6t similar to the Mountain Lake one, and is for Springfield Trinity Methodist Episcopalian Church, Massachusetts.

A feature of this carillon is that it can be coupled with the organ keyboard by tha operation of a stop, and thus played by the organist as carilloneur. Another carillon in course of preparation is for a new cathedral at Indianopolis, and is to be given by the Ancient and Accept Scottish Rite (a branch of Freemasonry). This will have (32 bells, and a carillon for Bathurst now being cast will have 3o bells. Among carillons sent from the foundry during the year have been one for Germanstown M.E. Church, Philadelphia, 61 bells; Albany City Hall, New York, 00 bells Christ Church, Cranbrook, Michigan, od bells; and the Sydney (Australia) University War Memorial, 62 bells.

An order has been received to construct a carillon for a new church, St. Mary's, St. Helens, Lancashire, comprising 47 bells. A ton bell recently cast for the new Nottingham Exchange has the deepest tone of any bell in England, even though Big Ben is three tons greater in weight. A quarterly meeting of the Exeter and District Branch of the Guild is to be held at Colaton Raleigh to-morrow.

Service in church at 4 p.m. A 'bus leaves Exmouth and Sidmouth at 2.20 p.m. ABEL ROPER. Notes and Notices By ANNOTATOR. THE DEVON RUBIES." In view of the meeting of the Council of the Devon Cattle Breeders in Exeter Friday, it is interesting to note that the Devon, as a dual purpose animal, has achieved a reputation even outside the native district of the breed.

Some years ago many farmers in the Culm Valley, a fertile district famous for the quality of its milk and of its beef, the Shorthorn and also the Ayrshire in the hope of improving the yield of milk. This did not answer, and farmers who desired to sell their steers found a decided preference for the pure bred Devon. Now. as Mr. Robert Cook was pleased to point out at Hemyock Agricultural Show luncheon on Wednesday, the farmers in this district are turning back to the old Devou breed again.

Every breed, indeed, belongs to its own locality. It may have something to do with the soil and the feeding of our Devon pastures, but the fact remains that the Devon is pre-eminently the breed for Devon. -X- -X- Readers of the story of Scott's The Heart of Midlothian" will remember that during a drive from Richmond Palace, where the advocacy of Jeanie Deans had won from Queen Caroline the promise of an acquittal for her a conversation between Ihe Duke of Argyll and Jeanie ensued about the rural pursuits in which they were so deeply interested. Sir Walter Scott tells tis that the Duke entertained Jeanie with his opinion of the various breeds of cattle in Scotland, and in return received so much information from Jeanie that he promised her a couple of Devonshire eov.s in reward for her lesson," Jeanie, referring to the promise in a letter to her father, stated that the Duke has promised me twa Devonshire kye, oi which he is enamoured, although I do still baud by the real Hawkit Ayrshire breed." '-If, A TOTNES INCIDENT. It is to be hoped that some way will be found of healing the differences which have cropped up between the Mayor of Totnes and the local Chamber of Trade.

Hitherto the Mayor has been President of the Organisation, but owing to what he considers to be an act of indiscretion Mr. Revell feels that he can no longer continue in that office. The Act of indiscretion was the debate in course ot which members of the Chamber though, apparently, not themselves subscribers, had criticised the action of the Council in going outside the Borough to purchase the chain of office for the Mayoress. It would, of course, have been more pleasing all round had it been possible to make the purchase locally, but the Council were guided by the design, and iv this respect, it so happened that the best was submitted by an outside firm. According to Mr.

Revcll the Chamber of Trade discussion took place before this fact had become known to the members. The criticisms were therefore a little premature, and possibly now with a fuller understanding of the circumstances the Chamber may on second thoughts modify its attitude. After all it is a small matter, and one hardly sufficient to justify a between the civic and trading interests in the Borough. His first aud natural resentment having cooled down, the Major will, perhaps, give ear to any explanations that may be forthcoming from the Chamber, and possibly induced to withdraw his resignation. "Is it worth while (says a wise epigram) to cast away the rose just because oi the thorns 6a the stem 4fr -x- EPIDEMIC OF SHOPBREAKING.

The shopbreakers who have been carrying out raids in the South-West recently have left behind them a trail which is being keenly followed by the Devon The raiders are obviously motorists, and the thru of certain accessories from the HaLdou Chalet may provide a useful clue type of vehicle they run. During the weekend they appear to have been busy in the Plymouth district, but it would not be surprising to find them working their wav back towards Exeter this week for the Haldcn race meeting. There is reason to believe that the thieves are petty pilferers rather than crack hands out for big game. Ready cash seems to be their first objective, but the systematic thefts of tobacco, cigarettes, and chocolates are not without interest, and suggest that quite probably there may be a lady or ladies in the party. "yfc" WHEN TAWSTOCK PEOPLE SWORE.

In condemning "those absurd and unmeaning oaths which were once considered an essential embellishment of polite discourse," Dean Ramsay tells the story of a young highlander whose language gave his sister cause for much sorrow. Our John swears awfu', we try to correct him." she told a friead one day, and then sisterly pride softening her indignation, she added, but nae doubt it is a great set off to conversation." There was a time, it seems when the parishioners of Tawstock in North Devon also thought, as the Scottish lass did, that a little swearing gave a finish and a flourish to the spoken word. In fact, the rjractice became so universal in the parish during the eighteenth century that it became necessary to take legal measures to stop it. A convenient remedy was found in an Act of Parliament parsed in 1797 to more effectively prevent cursing and swearing." A copy of this Act is among the interesting old documents now preserved at the church, and it is amusing to note the class distinction which it made. Every "day labourer, common soldier, common sailor, and common seaman" caught swearing rendered himself liable to a fine of one shilling.

If he were a person under the degiee of a gentleman," he might be fined two shillings. But "every person of or above the degree of a gentleman had to pay five shillings for the privilege of embellishing his language. It will be seen therefore that these old swearing fines constituted a graduated luxury tax, and it would be a neat problem for Mr Winston Churchill to calculate how much revenue he could tap from this 'source to-day. "X- XTOLL OF THE ROAD. An inquest conducted by a South Devon Coroner on Monday was the seventh he had held within four weeks into deaths following motor accidents.

Everywhere the tide of fatalities is rising, though at this time of the year accidents are inevitably above the normal because of the holiday traffic As pointed out in the Registrar-General's Statistical Review just published, railway fatalities have reached a stationary point, but deaths from mechanically propelled vehicles on the road increase rapidly year by yetir, so that whereas they stood at in 1923 and 4,070 in 1926. there were 4,402 deaths in 1927. and this year's toil will be heavier still. It is not easy to institute comparison between rail and road traffic, but the plain fact is that whereas the former is scientifically regulated, road traffic regulation and facilities have not been able to keep pace with the amazing growth of the traffic itself. Despite the wonderful improvement in roads during the last few years they are still far irom being adequate to accommodate modern traffic with that high degree of safety which has been attained on the railways.

And perhaps they never wili be as safe, for on the road the undisciplined personal element is a factor which must always increase liability to accident. At the same time there is no need to sound an alarmist note, lor in proportion to the total number of on the road serious smashes are few. NEWS of the WEEK pj liems am a Nutshell Bj from Far and Near Train Crashes into Buffers. When an engine of a train from Manchester over-ran the buffer stops at Euston on Monday, it mounted the platform and stopped within a few ieet oi a waiting room. Twenty persons received injuries, but after treatment seventeen were discharged from hospital.

The train entered the station at normal speed, but fox some reason failed to pull up. Guardians Escape Surcharge. The appeal of twenty-one Gateshead Guardians against surcharge by the district auditor, in respect of £2,136, has been allowed by the Minister of Health. The Minister confirms the auditor's decision legal, but on this occasion discharges members personal liability. The surcharge 'was in respect of relief to men for whom it was alleged work was available.

18-Year-Old Channel Swimmer. Miss Laddie Sharp, an eighteenvear-old London nursemaid, swam the Channel on Friday, in 14 hours 5S minutes. Earlier in the week the "swim was accomplished by another girl, Miss Ivy Hawke, but her time was much slower. Miss Sharp learned to swim when site was ten, but had no idea of attempting the Channel until she was inspired by the success of Miss whose time was twenty minutes faster than Miss Hawke's. Death in a Bath.

Dr. J. W. Cox, an American visitor to London, was found dead in a bath at the Savoy Hotel last night. He was seventy, and his home was at Madison-square, New York.

He had been in London for some days, and was last seen alive on Sunday night. An hotel servant made the discovery. Receiving no reply to knocks on. the door of the doctor's room, the man informed the manager. An entry was made through a window, and Dr.

Cox was found lying dead, partially submerged in his bath. Dr. Cox was a prominent figure in New York, and it is stated was a very wealthy man. The hotel authorities believe that heart failure following immersion in the hot bath was the cause of death. Quicker U.S.A.

Mail. The Postmaster Generai announces that commencing with the despatch on Wednesday last by the s.s. de France, and on each future outward voyage of that ship (i.e., Sept. 19th, and Oct. 10th, and every three weeks thereafter), letters and postcards, registered and unregistered, for the U.S.A., will be accepted for inclusion in a mail to be conveyed to New York by an aeroplane which will be dispatched by catapult from the ship before arrival at New York.

The arrangement should enable the corrbspondeiue to reach New York about a day before the arrival of the ship. A special air fee will be payable in addition to the ordinary postage, and a registration fee if necessary. Lord Darling on Cricket- Lord Darling is the author of a characteristically delightful letter to The Times," which he discusses the i.b.w. rule in cricket. After confessing that he has no deep knowledge of the game.

Lord Darling suggests that an umpire, instead of declaring a batsman out 1.b.w., should order the offender tj remove the defensive armour at present protects his legs and muffles his in that condition to continue to affront the bowling." Expert opinion in inclined to regard the suggestion as a leg before-pull." JacK Hobbs said it is not tbe first time I have heard the suggestion, but it is always jegarded as a joke. Sometimes a batsman gets hit on the legs without any intention of projecting his wicket. iWNrtWJi Zoo Trainer's Death. A Burmese mahout, San Dwe, who was a former guardian Pa Wa, the sacred Burmese white elephant, appeared at lcbonc Police Court, on Monday, charged with murdering Said Ali, elephant trainer at the Zoological Gardens. Prisoner's age was given as 22, and that of Ali as about 38." Early on Saturday morning Said Ah was found in the quarters which he and the accused man occupied above the Tapir Socee, at the Zoo, suffering from severe injuries.

He died while being removed to hospital. A detective-inspector, who made inquiries into. the affair, said there was a statement made by the accused which he did not propose to put iv at that stage. Dwe was remanded until September and it was agreed that he should be taken to Brixton Prison in a as be Was not very well. His solicitor said he had hurt himself very much on Friday night and had been in hospital.

Ali's injuries consisted of severe wounds in the head. Peace Past Signed. The Kellogg Anti-War Pact, for the renunciation of war, was signed at 3 o'clock Monday in the Clock Room of the Foreign Office in the Quai d'Orsay in Paris. Fourteen statesmen sat round a horse-shoe shaped table, and they represented five hundred million people. No fewer than five of the fourteen were delegates of the Britisii Empire.

Lord Cushendun, who represented the Motherland, had to sign twice, once for the Home Country and then for India. By this new Pact war is deemed to be unlawful. Pulpit references to the Pact were made in many churches on Sunday, when it wai enthusiastically appraised by the "clergy. M. Briand, the French Foreign Minister, said of it, It is an unconditional condemnation of war," while Lord Cushendun, interviewed afterwards, said that while nobody imagined the Pact would definitely banish war from the face of the earth, and people must not be terribly disappointed if from time to time a minor war broke out somewhere, still the signing of the Pact was a significant and impressive demonstration of the urgent desire of the nations to maintain peace.

Argyle Finances- Plymouth Argyle lost £3,671 17s. lid. on the last year's wording. Bad weather affected the gates adversely at nine of the principal League matches, so that the match receipts were down by over 000 as compared with the previous season. The sura of £11,291 was taken at the first team's League matches, the average attendance being 10,250.

The Reserves' gates fell by £500. Expenditure was reduced by £2,160. tbe principal economy being the wages and benefit account. The report shows that the bank overdraft is £5,79 a 12s. and for this sum the directors are personal guarantors.

Tempting offers for the transfer of certain players would have cleared off this liability if ihey had been accepted, and tbe report points out the need for satisfactory match attendances to enable the club to retain its best players and' tdso relieve the directors of some of the financial responsibility. Match receipts last season totalled 112 16s. of which the first Xl.s League and other fixtures accounted for £13,550 16s. lOd. Salaries, wages, bonuses and players' benefits absorbed DEVON M.P.'s AND PROPOSED REFORM OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT.

Letters were read at Friday meeting of the St. Thomas Board of Guardians from local M.P.'s in reply to the Guardians' resolution on proposals for reform in Local Government, i Sir Robert Newman, Bart. (Exeter), Sir Clive Morrison-Bell (Honiton), and Mr. Cedric Drewe (South Molton) wrote that they were giving the matter careful consideration. Col.

Acland Troyte (Tiverton) suggested that it would be helpful tf) him to meet members of the Board and discuss the the Board agreed to arrange. THE WESTERN TIMES, FRIDAY. AUGUST 31, 1928. iContmued from Preceding Column). (Continued at Bottom of Next Column).

(Continued in next Column.) 3 A t-( OOD Trump's Cyder "THE CHAMPAGNE OF DEVON." Bright, Sparkling and Refreshing. Per dozen Champagne Pints. Per dozen Champagne Quarts. Real Devonshire Cyder ON DRAUGHT. Supplied in Flagons, Jars and Casks.

THUMPS The Old Established Family Wine Merchants, SIDMOUTH, AXMINSTER, COLYTON, OTTERY ST. MARY and SEATON ESTABLISHED 1813..

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