The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on July 25, 1894 · Page 2
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 25, 1894
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FARM DEPARTMENT. INPdftMATIOlSr AMERICAN FARMERS, Scientific Method* of AlftnA&tAe the Modern farm ftnrt Garden—fcl»* Stock, l»ot>Ury, Dairy, Aptaty and Orchard. Itoot Crops. Now the leafy days of June are come the rush of spring work is about over as regards seeding, we begin to think of getting in some of the crops that bear late in the season. These cropc are of the greatest possible importance to all owners of stock, as they furnish feed in the dry fall weather when the grass is parched up and green food at a premium. First in order of importance as a fodder crop cotnes corn—either sweet or field corn—and we need scarcelyremind our readers, says the Farmers' Review, that a good area should be thickly seeded BLOW, either in drills or broadcast, to furnish fall fodder for cows, preference of course being given to the drill method of culture. • But it was more especially of root crops that we intended to write, as little attention is yet given to the subject in the west. In Great Britain and Canada roots are the chief "standby"of the stock raiser, no matter how abundantly and profitably he can produce grain. It is true that roots contain some SO per cent of water, hence would seem to be very poor food; but as the Englishman said: as scon as possible, btttthe greatest possible care should be taken not to work the land too fine until just before seeding, when it can not possibly be too fine for these crops. When the surface is pulverized very finely months of even weeks before seeding, 1 it is apt to become badly packed during the first heavy rain, and this makes much e&tra work getting the seed bed in shape again. What is needed is a deep mellow rich seed bed, the surface inch or two of which should be made as fine as possible at Seeding time. The seed should be sown in showery weather and the main thing in putting it in is to just cover the seed sufficiently and press the soil Well doWn upon it. Sowing seed in soft, porous, dusty soil and not firming the soil afterward explains many of the failures in raising a crop. the plants should be thinned when in the rough leaf, and after that surface exiltivation should be practically continuous. Cows. One of the most important questions connected with the dairy is how to fasten the cows. Wrong methods of fastening without doubt cause a great deal of positive suffering to th e dumb brutes, which might be easily avoided by a little thought. Not only so, but cows poorly stabled often lie in filth and make the milkers no end of trouble, and more frequently than not cause the pollution of the milk. We have known of men who had this trouble for years, and believed there was no remedy for it. But by shortening the length of the platforms on The seasoft will sooii be hew the production of bttttef Mil fre largfety i& e*ceaa of the consumptive r&quir$i ineiitfc&nd the problem ol Where te put ot whftt td do with It ttrill b6 A serious question to pf odncei-a &nd dealers, says Elgin D&ify Hepoft, The tmfdrtuuate e*pe*iea6e of many deal* efs the past season will hot be encouraging to themselves or dthef s to utilise the. splendid storage facilities that have been provided in all the large centers. Thett the large amounts of oleomargarine that hate been used in place of the genuine article hate taken the place of millions of pounds. Pilose two factors stand in the way of speculation in butter, and just what the effect will be on prices during the early summer and the flush of milk is a question that is being very general lv discussed. I'he fact that production has not kept pace with consumption will be forgotten most likely, and dealers who Would under a different condition of affairs invest in butter during 1 June and July will doubtless hesitate before they risk their money, except at very low prices. The low prices for other agricultural products will be used to bear the prices on the products of the dairy, and it will be well for the factory men to keep posted and seek, if possible, a broader market for their goods. Storage butter can now be so well kept that the difference in value between it and fresh made is very small indeed, and as the supply decreases the value of fresh advances more than enough to cover the difference. f OS Wftfcninf tie trunks d! trees repel the attacks of borefe, and to destroy such insects as May be upofl them, th6 Carbolic acid and kerosene emulsion is excellent. The kerosene emulsion is made exactly as fof any other purpose, except that one quart of Soft Soap should be substituted fof the hard soap, aiid, without the final dilution) one pint of crude carbolic acid of g6od strength should be added. When scale insects are on the large? branches, they can be easily destroyed by this wash. The emulsion will eon» sist Of i qiiart sbft soap, 1 pint kero* seneand 2 quarts water, to which! pint of carbolic acid is added, other tree Washes contain, instead of kerosene, lime, sulphur, or arsenites, but they are less reliable than the one given above* Where borers afetrdiible* some, however, the addition of a small amount of Paris green to the kerosene wash will render it more lasting in its effects. THE eminent Prof. McCall of Scotland in a recent lecture on bovine til* berculosis, strongly urged increased vigilance in guarding against infection of the disease. Much more risk to human life, he stated, is entailed by the use of milk and meat of animals infected with tuberculosis than from those affected by plexiro-pneumonia. He expressed the belief, however, that thorough cooking destroyed the bacillus of tuberculosis. He emphatically denounced the sale of milk from affected cows as a means of spreading the disease, especially among infants. I \ FARM SCENE IN BRAZIL.—FROM FARMERS' REVIEW.- ''They be verra fillin'," and afford a succulence that proves most beneficial to heavily fed steers or ciws. Years ago It w ;;.s almost impossible to raise good wops of roots without employing an army of field hands, but now machinery has been so much improved that any farmer provided with the right implements can afford to seed and tend a comparatively large area of roots. The time seems at hand, indeed, when roots will be grown upon every stock-raising farm of the west, the sheep breeders being the first to set the example. No wonder that the sheep men are commencing to raise roots annually, for they have found that this feeding material has more than anything else to do with the production of that splendid quality and finish for which British gheep are celebrated the world over. Mangolds aretlie most important roots to these men, as they keep well during winter,improving with age and furnishing "the needed succulence for sheep at the time most required. Mr, William Gibson of Delaware, Canada, writes in the Country Gentleman that he has had good old roots in Ms cellar when storing the new crop, and speaks in the very highest possible terms of the mangold for sheep to be used in summer and especially when the grass begins to dry up. As to other roots, the position of the Farmers' Review is well known, having very earnestly ad? vocated the raising pf carrots on every farm for the winter feeding of horses, We are alsp of the opinion that turnips as an adjunct to other food, such as CPrn, for the finishing off ot prime fat steers, pay well f pr the trouble of raising them.as they give a polish and quality to beef that even oil cake will not prpduce. Now a word oy twp as tp .cultivation. We believe the most comjupn cause of failure in the prp- ductipn of a good crpp of yopts i§ top eaijly sowing and secondly, Door seed. In our experience but few \ good crops are obtainec from early seeding, for althougJ a gopd "stafcd" is often obtained a»<i the plants/gTpw luxuriantly time, they\&re apt to "spindley" ajqVwopdy 4 u JWg 4rv won the, axHi can jio$ recpyey the cppl moist das$ P* late fa wh#n eee^gcl p,QV 1 a which the cows stood it was found ;hat the necessity for uncleanliness was obviated. The dairy readers of ,he FARMERS' KKVIEW will confer a benefit on their brother dairymen by a full discussion of this subject. We would be pleased to receive answers to the following questions: 1. What is the best method of fastening cows, taking into considera- iion the comfort of the animals? 3. What method will keep the cows ;lie cleanest? 3. Is not the custom of fastening cows in rigid stanchions, cruelty to ;he animals? 4. What is the best length for platforms, considering size of cow? 5. Are partitions between the cows necessary? 6. What should be the elevation of the platforms above the dung-trough? 7. What one point is most important in insuring cleanliness for the cows? A VALUABLE PABTUBE.—There is a man in Chicago who pays $18,000 a year for the privilege of keeping a cow- He is a sane man, a business man, a man of'family, and generally respected in the community, His poor relatives call him a freak, and his neighbors shrug their shoulders and murmur things about rich men's whims. The way of it is that lie possesses a valuable building lot in a choice residence portion of the city, having nothing else to do with it, he put a nice little fence around it »nd quartered therein his pet Jersey cow. The cow was an artistic cow, and har- inonised well with the green turf and lUac bushes., so people rather admired the arrangement. One day 'a mw came along whp thought he would like tQ build a house on that' particular }o.t, so he hunted up the owner and m»4e him a spotca&b, offer of $300, oOO f or the land- Jfis offer wa& refused, decisively and politely. "But," remonstrated 8* relative, agha&t, "that would pay you §18,000 a yearl Why on earth did you it?" The rich man HJ a d twne4 a protesting face op accuser, "yes/ 1 he asBen|e4 in % aled way, "but what would I b.a,Yg my eow?"—'Chicago . Ix the breeding of good dairy cows there is always "room at the top." A great deal of talk is made about breeding fine horses for sale, but few farmers make a specialty of breeding first quality dairy cows. Yet the demand for sueli cows is always good, and generally in excess of the supply. Thousands of town people every year get it into their heads to keep a cow. Such people want a very good cow, and are willing to pay a very good price for her. A medium cow can hardly be sold at any price to town buyers, for the latter buy cows for a luxury, and want a good thing, and know it. Such cows to sell well may generally be 3, 4 or 5 years old. If they have reached their maximum capacity they are judged by that. The town buyer does not want a young cow, giving little milk, with the promise of giving more, Keeping her in tho town is expensive, and the townsman can not afford to wait lor his purchase, to "grow up with tixe country," But while the farmer is developing lier he is getting enough in the way of milk and calves to pay ex* penses, Altogether we believe tiat this is an opportunity for the fariOir, and a demand that will not be fu.ly met in this generation, AN association of farmers i» county on the eastern shope of land, sent a committee to investigate the . proftts of market gardening) pr >truck-f»rming, §s the phr&se is, jn Lancaster county, Pa, The cpmni^ tee retwned to report having seen 090. farm of eighty acres, from half of which a market gardener sold yea-Jy $16,000 wprth of fruits and vegetables, and anpther f arm pf twenty acres foa^ yjeidfj ft gross mm of p.QOO^.e.r year. Anptoer market gardener Ji|4 a. prpftt of fQ.OOO yearly' from still wwUhep sells f r«p $15,OQQ to 00*1 wortfe P$ products, frew acreg, Tfoe cpwmittee HP g ee bers p{ the assocjatiqn tpgiv culture and take to market gar Suph a change pf policy meanji ML-,.: '•'$«. 'fi'-t SUCCESSFUL PLANTING OF PEAS ASH BEANS.—Peas for late use may be planted any time during this month. This vegetable is easily grown and gives, with beans, more of the nitro- enous element of food than do most other garden vegetables. Even in the green state they are highly nutritious as well as palatable foods. Beans can not be planted until danger of frost is past, but it is safe to risk some at the beginning of May, and continue them for late use until July. Peas can not, however, be grown tp advantage if planted in June, as they will set their pods during the hot months of July and August and will mildew badly, But by this time beans are preferable to peas, especially after sweet corn comes into the right stage for cooking-. Corn and beans cooked together is the Indian dish known as "succotash." For this dish the Lima bean is better than any other, '—Ex, DON'T PASTURE TUB MEADOW--A correspondent asks if pasturing mowing Jaud in autumn injures it Well, tUat depends, If 1 the grass is timothy, feeding cattle on it in the fall or early spring will injure it greatlyj if heavy beasts are allowed' to gp on it in wot weather ttyey will hurt it by ppaeWng it, whatever be the grass grown. But if a variety of grasses and clover f ovm the bulk of the pasture, and the cattle are only allowed on it in dry weather, no damage will be caused; a »d this ie one of the great objections we fea.ve to timothy; it neyer be grazed. TJie ypo-ts of this, okheywi&e y»iuabl§ are-of a bulbpus growth, and the side* twitch, pf the, CQW i» e%ti«g BjifWy apt ^eatfcer, to pull the Ali tftdc*i*Stt»d fcitcc thftt Stftfe«i f fclfift t-et-t M*stfr In its SrelRhbofhrtffd. two miles south of GalnsvlllS IS ft prairie, says the PldridS Tinted Union. At certain seasbns stranger3 Wnndef why it is called a » r pfairi§<" fdf they 1 idofc uptm a broad stretfih of water «o dt!e"fi that storms ctiufn its surface ihto rolling white-capped billows. At times the commerce of the lake is done by a steamer, While* at other times there is toot Watef ettough to float a cahoe. In fact, 1 have crossed the prairie ih a steamS?, and again have gone over identically the same route in a stage from whose wheels clouds Of dust would roll. On the edge of the prairie, half walled iti by rocks» dense with im* mense trees draped in long festoons of moss, is a pool of water called ••The Sink*." The depth of it has never been sounded* 1/VOtti this sink nil UiidorgTound fiver flows anil makes its way no one knows where. Sometimes an! acre of land, trees and alt, will fall into the underground river-, and then the drainage of the prairie is obstructed and the prairie "goes dry." In a year of two tho river will have swept around tho obstruction ami.then the prairie "goes wet." Jir the neighborhood of Gainesville t.h.qre ai'o luindi'ods of these sinks, all of them as found as a dollar and averaging; from a qUar- tor to a half aero in extent. North of Gainesville is a pretty and mysterious spot callocl the ••Uovil's Mill Hopper." A large stream of water comes down the hill with considerable force and disappears in a pool that has no visible outlet. Near Brookviile is another pool very similar to the Devil's Mill Hopper. A stream of water pours into it and disappeat's in a whirlpool iu the center. Throw a log into it and it will circle the pool many times, gradually drawing 1 nearer to the center. Suddenly the log will disappear. , Some growsome stories are connected with the Brookville pool. It is said that the place is haunted, for the reason .that many a man, and woman, too, has mysteriously disappeared in it, never to be heard of afterward. In the pioneer days of that part of the country, so the story goes, there was .a secret society which washed all. its dirty linen in that pool In other words, if a man or woman pave grave offense.to any members of. that society ho or she was gagged, bound, and in the dark•ness of nig-ht thrown into the pool. Costly Togs. People do not realize that it costs a great deal of money for an officer of the army or navy to comply with the regulations as todroBs. He must have the same amount of civilian clothes; as an ordinary 'citix.en to wear when he is off duty. Then he must have a fatigue uniform, which costs him never lesj than $45, and usually more, a dross \muorm; which costs at least $100, and it special full dress, worth from $125 to $150, and an overcoat, costing from $50 to §60. He is requited to have a number of caps and hats with plumes and that sort of thing, which cost $5 to $50; his" epaulets cost from-$25 to $50, his swords and belts from $5 J to $65, and various other little fixings that are quite expensive. At the beginning of his service it usually cpsis an officer of the army or navy from $600 to'$750 to get his outfit of clothing, and whenever a change is made in the regulations concerning uniforms, of course tne expense is renewed. The Apple Curn for Dytfpopsia. Not only are apples of well-recognized hygienic value, but there is an apple cure for dyspepsia, just as there is a milk cure. Some physi- c'lans that practice the apple cure require their patients to eat from one to three apples for breakfast, about as many for luncheon, and permit them to take a dinner of moderate amount and variety. This diet is sometimes kept up for many weeks together and with marked success. Unconquerable Jlubit. "Isn't it a beautiful night, Clar» onoe!" sho whispet-ed tenderly aa lior houd rostod against his shoulder, "Yes," replied Clarunce, the bar" bo i', very absent'iniudodly, as he van his fingers softly through her golden luiir. "line night, Better have tbat haii' trimmed up a little, though, hadn't youP Looks pretty ragged, you know, and it really needs a ahumpoo, too." 4 new remedy fop tUpbthei'ia^s be* ing tried with success iu New 2ea/ laud, it is very simple,. Pvit flvq drops pf sulphuric acid, in a tumbler, given so the olulcl can/swallow it, Jt the cliroat is obsttmotocl gjve it with, u teaspoon until the passage ia (jleai'ed, then wdministera wine glass every two hours. JJvjni stilpljuv in th« room a§ sU'°ng as it borne, _ I Can't Sleep i.&ve&tifeil,wdffl*titfeefl2t. 'rh^ma&ia Ifaftt tttf fitttona Sfrstett IS ml i>l 6rd6t. WtaStt deeded id purif ? and vitalize tto blood, and tbtu "Tftk'eltno%. and only Sood's. pttvltta C ures ***** H60d*8 PHIS om-0 all liver ills, biliousness. "THE TRIUMPH OF LOVE IS HAPPY, FRUITFUL MARRIAGE," Every Ittan Who Would Know thi Griiud Truths} tl»c Plain Faet»l tli» Now IUwcovcrlcs of Medical Svletic* JIM Applied to married lilfe, Who Would Atouo for Pa«t Errors and Avoid Future Pltlulln,. Should Seen ro tho Wonderful Iilttlo Book Called "Complete Mauhood, and Ho \v to Attain It." "Here at last Is Information from a high medical sourco that must work wonders with this generation of men." • Tho boo.k fully describes a method by which to attain full vigor iind manly power. A method by which to end till .unnatural drains on the system. To cure nervousness, lack of self-control, despondency;'etc. . To exchange a jaded and worn nature for one of brightness, buoyancy and power. To euro forever effects of excesses, overwork, worry, etc. To give full strength, development, and tone to every portion and organ of the body. Ago no barrier. Failure-Impossible. 3,000 references. " ' , ..,. The Ijook Is purely medical and scteMlflc, useless to curiosity seekers, .Invaluable to tnert only who need. it. A despairing man, who had applied to us, soon after wrote: "Well, I toll you, that first day is one I'll nover forget, i Just bubbled with joy. I wanted to hug- everybody and tell them, my old self had died[•yesterday and my new self was born today. Why didn't you tell me when I first wrote.that I would find It this way?" And another thus: . • "If you dumped a cartload of-gold at my feet It would not bring miuh gladness Into my life us your method has done." Write to the ERIE MEDICAL COMPANY, 60 Niagara St., Buffalo, N..Y.. and ask for the little book called "COMl'LETE MANHOOD." Beferto this paper and tho company promises to send the book, in sealed envelope, without any marks, and entirely free, until it' is well • Introduced. Davis' Cream Separator Churn, power hot water and feed cooker combined. Agents wanted. ,Sendforsclrcular. AH sizes Hand Cream Separators. Davis & Kankin B. & M. Co. Chicaco. FREE! Kr&Fflei BLEACH Appreciating the fact that thousands of ladiefl oCthe U. S. have not used tny Face Bleach, on . Account of price, which in $2 per bottle, and In order that ALL may givo It a fair trial, I . will send a Smnplo Bottle, safely picked, all ^chargesprepaid, oil receipt of SSc. 'pACG I BLEACH removes and cures absolutely all •frecklra, plmpUs, moth, blaukhead.1, sallow. 1 ness, ncne, eczema, wrlnMen, or roughness of •—.A skin.andbciuitlticMhecompleilon. A(Mr«a( Mme.A.RUPPERT.OE.14thSt..N.Y.Olt]f, WEL^MAGHIMEBY Illustrated catalogue showing WELL ATJGEB8, BOOK PRILLS, HYDBATJLIO ANP JETTING MACHINERY, etc, SENT EBB*. Have been t^Bted and oil uiprrantecl., gioni Cltf Eiiglnt & Iron DR. Sioux city, Iowa* 1217 Union Ave., Kftnaas Oity.Mo, 18 ^aB ONtT PRIVATE DISEASES, Weakness ivnd Secret MEN ONUY, yory puro Bwaranteed, 0 years, .experience. Permnnently Jopated la Omnba. nook (19$, TOURIST TRAVEL To COtORAPO HESPBTS Will net in ctivly this ye ft r, and the Great .Ro Island Route baa alrenay amplejwo port B cs ti»8 3t is said that w eat'lv as 1669 Dp. Clayton, cUstJUeU coal in a retovi and prpcluoeol gas, whloli upon4c4 to by wl _ awua? Ufs ft>j.end^ by ' This was l&Q yeSfty b9tQV9 gj»§ A Beae was i n / el ft to at>»te tke b,een Jpng |q

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