The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on July 18, 1894 · Page 3
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 18, 1894
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Page 3
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is, Some discussion has been going on ia eoutherii papers as to the relative value of bafn yard manure and cojn- mefcial fertilizers. The bafn yafd ma* i in question resulted from feeding meal, bran, dor it and other foods. OnS Write* dressed his iaM With it, but caihe to the eonclu- ik*n that he would have had better crops if he had put the same money into commercial fertilizers, The edit* 6r of the Southern Planter differs With him and says: No practical farinef Was <§vef yet able to get out of any fertilizer its full value as shown by analysis. This is no reproach to the chemists, it is simply the result of the application of nature's forces to the extracting of the value of the fertilizers, as against the application of seientinc methods of analysis used under certain known and fixed conditions. Although our correspondent is of opinion that he could have gotten as good or even a better return Pn 400 acres dressed with acid phosphate, and costing the same money as the manure applied to the 50 acres, we will undertake to say that he could not have so permanently improved even 50 acres much less 400 acres with that value of phosphate. Sir J. B. Lawes, whom Prof. Massey ,will, no doubt, admit is one of the finest and most practical scientific farmers in the world, said in one of ' his annual reports a few -years ago, when comparing the value of farmyard manure and fertilizers in practical use, that he could distinctly see where he had applied farmyard manure twenty-five years before, and, therefore, would not venture to say how long such an application would benefit the land, but that the duration of benefit in the use of commercial fertilizers was only for a very limited period. In practice here, most farmers will affirm that the benefit is only to- be seen for, at most, two years. An incident in our own experience will tend to support the views of Sir J. B. Lawes as to the lasting and permanent value of farm-yard manure. When we first settled in Virginia we bought a farm in Goochland. The land was poor, having been badly run down for more than twenty years. Previous to that time it was known as one of the best farms in the county, and carried a heavy herd of stock and produced large crops. We plowed a field and applied 200 pounds of bone to the acre, and sowed in oats. This field was near the house. After the crop commenced to grow a large patch near the middle of the field pushed ahead of all the rest and grew luxuriantly. We were curious to know the cause for this, as the land there appeared to be no better than elsewhere in the field. We asked an old colored-man who >had: worked on the farm when it was in a high state of fertility, and had known its condition every year since that time, if he could tell us the cause. He said; •"Yes, sir, that .place was where old master had his cow-pen, and it always, when put in crop, makes a good one." 'Now, this cow-pen had not been on 'the spot for more than twenty years 'and yet the acquired fertility of the soil, when it was there, was returning results at the end of that time, and had continued to do so every time It 'had been called on in the interim. This is entirely confirmatory of our own experience in the use of farm yard manure when made from well-fed stock. .It has a value outside that found by : the : chemists, to which no other fertili- ,zer can compare. and is hardly established sufficiently to make it breed to a single type; 6on- sequently they vary to some extent, both in size and appearance, resembling sometimes one and sometimes another of the two original breeds. T/hey ate claimed to fatten more readily than the large, and are more prolific and hardy than the small. They are liked by the Small farmers, and are regarded as a profitable breed. ,' Tlie Yorkshire Hog. >' In point of fact, there are really two I breeds of Yorkshires, and some claim three, says a Michigan agricultural "report. These are known as the -large Yorkshire, the small Yorkshire ^nd the middle Yorkshire. The original Yorkshire was a large, coarse hog, •flop-eared, long-nosed, long-bodied 'and slab-sided; slow in maturing, but hardy; growing to an enormous size, and carrying a good deal of lean meat. Many of these characteristics are yet to be found in these hogs, but they have been greatly improved in form, and are now classed as the best bacon hog in England. They are finer in the •bpne than their early progenitors \ ."their eare much finer; npses shorter, but'gtill quite long, with more of the njpie shape than other English hogs, .which ajpe ge»e,ral}y dished, with a ,fhpr$ snout , The modern Yorkshire is 'a rangy* d§ep'b,o,die.d frog, pure white 'bejttl. rather large, gars lopped, rftt-her Jong ia tbg leg, th$ back, narrow and l &rebea, l »with a grow tp a gpp4 ten, a»4 lean meat, r,ump. $PW to makes them , ' .eurers, as tfe t&estreak-el tot' i«V, which *nak,es.tto v *- ,'',* j.1 _J*___ X 'T*_-_.— # V v ' % Sfe'-; ''^''S&ii <;'jfc'^T r **" 1 '"™ ?-^'fT^'~ f f'T<r^,-Kj-'^ff >yt"? •»•*'*"•(« '££&£" jpjpal t wp* Jft $£>&¥* ,Hs iptiwQjpft; ^'^YiS^fl.hknlMfd;! finerhoned hbk'his' hWd Their baps, a,n4; HotverS And When the conditions are most favorable the flower sends out a fragrance Which attracts the bees. Pro& Gray Calls this perfume the flowers' adveis tisement. The bees instinctively read therein that they are Welcome to all the exuding nectar they bear away if they will carry the pollen oft their legs and bodies to the pistils, says a Writer in Coitntry Gentleman. It has been suggested that honey is placed in the flower to attract the bees. After a bee has found honey in one flower it will be very likely to examine others of a similar appearance. In the spring, when the blossoms first open, many of the bees, very likely the young bees that have never before seen a flower, will be seen examining the leaves, branches and even rough wood at the trunk of a tree, until they find just where the coveted treasure is located. After a bee has dived deep into one blossom and tasted the nectar it knows where to look the next time. It is ' plain to be seen that flowers were not given their bright colors simply that we might feast our eyes upon their beauty. Nature, that most careful economist. not only deals out honey in small doses, but she places it in the most cunning nooks and corners that the bee may be obliged to twist itself into all possible shapes, around and among the stamens, until the pollen is most surely dusted all over its body and legs. Within the flowers of the barberry there is a contrivance by which on the touch of the proboscis of the bee the stamens spring forward suddenly and shower the insect plentifully with pollen with which it may fertilize some other barberry blossom. The flower secretes no honey until the pollen is ripe and ready to do its work; then the honey slowly exudes into the nectaries, so that the bees may be kept coming and licking it out, in every hour of the day, and the flow of honey ceases just as soon as the pollen is ripened and gone. Seeds lu Manure. It is a prevalent belief that the heating- of manure in the heap will kill the seeds of weeds that may be in it, says Rural Life. This is a very unsafe dependence. The heat of the manure is rarely so much as 100 degrees, and almost all kinds of seeds will withstand safely a greater heat than this, especially if the heat is attended by moisture, seeds of weeds seem to be endowed with greater vitality and power of resistance than those of the useful plants, and thus survive when others will perish. Some experiments made during a few weeks past showed thait corn, wheat, buckwheat, cabbage and beet seeds withstood a dry heat of 104 degrees in an incubator for four weeks, when planted in a hotbed all grew in the usual manner. At the same time a thermometer placed in a heap of fresh manure marked steadily 85 degrees, while a heap of dry horse manure marked 98 deg.'i and when opened was found to be fire-fanged in the oenter. Thus it will not do to depend on the common belief as to the killing of the weed seeds, and the better way is to avoid their mixture with the manure. The heat of an animal's intestines is a little over 100 degrees and yet we may notice that in the excrements of any animal both clover and grass seeds and those of weeds will sprout and grow in the droppings in the fields, thus conclusively proving that 100 degrees is not sufficient to destroy their vitality. This fact will be shown if the droppings of the cows in the late pasture, where the clover was in seed at the time, are now examined, for the young plants will be found sprouting freely in. them, • Bread for OhloUen The following , method of making bread gives a complete food and will keep for several days! Mix equal parts of bran, shipstuff, oat meal, corn meal, buckwheat -meal, and half as much bone meal, intimately together, says a writer in Minnesota farmers' Ins,titu te Bulletin, Placp in a/pot a quart of beans and a quart of riee, with enough water to cook it well, Add a quart pf milk, twp tablespponfnlis pf teaspppnf u.i pf red p spoonful pf tincture pf .jrpn, the we and beans »r§ cooUed ad4 a pound of and slowly thipkeji with tbj mixture until thick enough tp crumble when eold-. Wbs n , the grain throw in a little 8»§ cpfkipr parched bran, ft will , m.a.k? the mixture into cakes, and It$»»be Unproved if a tea- , ,gVa.yj gfeftS* tooBt*toj»6fa«*oft* Canadian Bee Journal #i*e& its readers thft benefit, of some expef ien$8 out together. "As we walked intb of our bee yards the other day a swarm Was hanging on a tree several tods ffota the apiary. This swarm had very early in the morning, pf o' because the Weather of the two . vious days had been unlatotable fof swarming. As we neafred the center 61 the yard, whidh contained about tWd hundred colonies, We eaW the foreman run and pick up a Wire tent huwiedlf and Set it over a hive, about which he noticed indications of swarming. The! tent was scarcely over the hive ,befOf6 the swarm commenced to issue. Afte* the swarm had about half issued, and the entire Wire tent, which is about three feet wide, five feet long and fife feet high, was covered with bees, the queen came from the hive, alighted on the front of the wire cloth and crawled up. Soon they all clustered on the top of the Wire. Then, in a min-> ute more he raised the tent, lifted out the parent colony, and set another hive With combs in its place for the new swarm to occupy. Then by tap* ping the wire a little with the fingers on the outside, the bees came down and commenced to run into the hive. In a very few minutes they were all in the hive with their queen. The wire tent was tipped back, the hive carried to its permanent stand, and the parent colony set back on the old stand again. By this means he hived the new swarm on the old stand by merely set* ting the parent colony outside the tent to catch any stray bees that might return from the fields, and prevent the swarms from uniting with the one hanging on the tree. On the morning of the 17th, as the foreman went into our home yard with some of the students, he found a swarm issuing. He immediately caught the queen and hived them. The work was scarcely over when two more commenced to issue. While getting the wire tent to place over this one, two more rushed forth, and it was evident that they all intended to alight in one cluster. Before he got the tent over one, another started to issue. This one (the sixth) he secured from going in with the otheis. He might have got the tent over one of the other hives, but as they started to issue he rushed from one entrance to another, catching the queens. He succeeded in capturing three, slipping them into cages and dropping the cages into his pocket. Soon the four swarms clustered together on a tree; then he took a stepladder, a dipper and a light box wife wooden sides and wire bottom, about 16 by 20 inches. Before going up the ladder, he placed hives at intervals in front of the tree; the queens he placed one at the entrance of each hive. He then commenced dipping off the bees, holding the screen under to catch any that might chance to fall, handing each dipperf ul down to the students, who poured them in front of the hives, dividing them as equally as possible. In a few minutes they were all separated and running into their hives. While; they were passing in the queens were liberated and allowed to pass in with the bees. Soon all the swarms were hived separately and set on their new stands, as well as if they had alighted in different clusters and been hived the same as single swarms. MAIL Another Test on Milk Fat*. The New Hampshire station has just published a bulletin giving the results of their trials on feeding fat into milk. In part the bulletin says: In previous investigations to determine the effect of foods upon the character of the butter product, we found the gluten meal produced a very much softer butter than did corn meal This result was hardly to have been expected, since gluten meal is a byproduct from the manufacture of glucose from corn, and it might naturally be supposed that the butters would have the same general characteristics, The fact that the gluten meal fed was very rich in oil (eon- taiping 18 per cent), suggested the carrying out of an experiment to determine the effect of oils upon 'the quantity and quality of milk and butter. In the course of the experiment the following were fed; Cottonseed oil, corn oil, palm oil, cocoanut oil, oleo oil and stearin, No difll- culty was esperienqed in getting the cpws to e|vt "these oils in connection with their grain ration,' and in several instances a decided liking for them was manifested. Without going into details, the but- terVf at in the miifc wag at first increased; b.»t later fell o'&, though the tat ration was continued, The wn> elusions reached by the, experimenters were m fQliowsr The "variations in 0* f ftt ' iw butternaiife were Wide. &M • although ^ ey gven i» tf»« tatls'' I - will p no copjnant = Wjpon them, astkevery small quftfilaties pf crea,W ' 6V tORMAb6feS< ftefttiU of -tfcliirtiHiid* Mi tfc* At* Wioftphferfr Pa* Atoovfe tbft BttHli. The fact that hail is formed at an Indefinite but, in most cases, a great height above the surface of the earth, fthd that it is commonly precipitated When storms are raging, hfis prevented ftny direct observation of the process 6f freezing the vapor of the atttos- phere into ice pellets of lar.;e masses, and what has been decided regarding tho phenomena of hailstorms is almost Wholly the work of theory and logic. Nevertheless some points are pretty cleai-ly established. In the first place, hail is the result, hs a rale, of -whirling or tornado-like storms. There rnay be no whirling on the surface of the earth, but, according to the Cleveland Leader, it seems certain that in the higher regions of the air, where hail is formed, there is always an atmospheric disturbance resembling what is commonly called a cyclono when it sweeps the ground. A cm-ions indication of the soundness of this conchlslon was to be noted Thursdny afternoon, when the storm, which wrought such havoc with skylights had passed by. Out over the lake there was a great mnss of cloud, very high and dark, which had the f orm of an oval race track of enormous proportions. It might easily have been fifty miles in length and two thirds that distance in width. The formation of the cloud mass was noticeably such as might have resulted from the violent •whirling around a moving center of the whole bulk of cloud vapor. The appearance of the sky was thoroughly in harmony -with the accepted theory of the formation of hail. It is believed that the nucleus of a large hailstone is usually a bit of snow or snow-like ice which falls from the snow strata, or level, above the rain level, into the latter, and is caught up with a cloud of raindrops and mists into the higher, freezing regions of the atmosphere by the force of a whirlwind. Tho rain and -water in the form of mist, which clings to the snow nucleus, or touches Jt as it is whirled swiftly up into the intense cold, freezes around It as clear and solid ice. N.QW, Jn eone,lu|jo,n, J think ttigh&t ttf aft ifi Itttt&iflg f»oHr<*.*~lafe§t CURFEW BELL IN CANADA. The Knell of Parting JDiiy Menns That Children Mast Go Indoors. The curfew tolls the knell of parting day sometimes at 8 and sometimes at 9 o'clock in several towns in this province, says the Toronto Mail. It no longer means "lights out," but is simply a summons to little boys and girls to take themselves of the street to the shelter of the domestic roof, where their sphere of danger, of bad company and of mischief will be narrowed, while further scope will be given to their .capacity for rest. The curfew bell might be looked upon as a piece of socialistic presumption on the part of tho municipality, as an encroachment on. the inalienable private right of the head of the family to order the affairs of his own household. But the moral sense of the town will wink at this elbowing aside of the parent by tlie municipality.; The parent who is jealous of his prerogative as a ruler of his children fails to exercise that prerogative and delegates it to tlie town when he allows them to be a public nuisance, and such •aworry to the-public. The police should not be called upon to render service as nurse to truant officers. They should be left free to keep adults out of mischief. There is no more vexatieus, tantalizing duty than that of keeping track bf a company of mischievous boys. They are likely to absorb the attention of any policeman who has them on his beat. Consequently older anjd worse offenders are given a freer hand. Nor'is there anything that demoralizes a policeman more than that Wijul of service. He is apt to lose his interest in larger game and sink into a spy ou the conduct of urchins, who will then make it a point to Jill up his ,,time with larks and escapades. The curfew tends to take this strain off the police. GETTING IN THE SWIM. Ho TV a Southerner Schemed to Enter Jfew Yorls Society. ; But about money lending. An In- 'stance has just come to my notice that has a slightly novel flavor. A new- Corner in New York, call him Mr. 'Southern, appeared to be a very good '^prt pf a fellow, and readily made ao* 'fjuaintances among the men he met In >Wall street and the hotel corridors, 'After a time he had invitations to "i, an4 was proposed at one or two, bis candidacy has not yet been act- on, as tine waiting lists where bis ;,»ame is Included, are tediously -long. i'JJe Is about forty-five years old, •tgopcj-natured, evidently anxious to rfplease, and very little given to those ligauoheries of conversation 1 and roan- |n,ers that generally eharacterjae the <*n«wvenu }n society dramas. It came in his way one day to be of financial service to one of nis newly "••--mxTft'tenfls a man more than twen- years his juniPV. The borrower was t a bad sort* cuf a chap, h© was cave- [ggg, extravagant an$ injudicious, but ,e was »pt the utterly worthless spend -,,.!«• tii^t be might have been, I * n w "* had purposely "played" fpp tbe purpose pf getting ft be found bimsslf sinking that be 4« r e4 not tbe bea$ of tbe bpup§, Time ran pn, " ~ J hem an4 tbe yousg -" , pf each ptber. Vbey "'" an4 •i, •-;,-, 1-11.--- WM*V lv Baking ^p^ tm tsw^ Powder ABSOLUTELY PURE FIGURATIVELY SPEAKING. The thinnest tissue paper measures 1-1,200 of an inch in thickness. One Sunday's census of church attendants in Liverpool gave 63,000 out of a population of 500,000. The Bureau Veritas states that the number of vessels afloat throughout the world in 1891 is 43,514; of these, 33,8TO are sailing vessels and 9,038 are steamers. Of the latter number England owns 5,312, Germany 689 and France 471. There are about 30,000 locomotives in the United States—being one to every five miles of railroad—and 1,109,000 cars of all kinds, of which 27,000 are passenger coaches. The locomotives cost §450,000, 000, the cars §300,000,000, making the approximate cost of the rolling stock $1,500,000,000. • Taking No Chances. "Madam." said Meandering Mike, "I'm terrible hungry." "Poor man \" exclaimed the sympathetic housewife. "I wanted to ask you it' ye have any work that I could do,'" "AVhy, yes;l could give you something to do." "Much o'bliged. I jest asked for information," and he moved along toward the next bouse. No Danger of That "Do you think, doctor," asked Cbolly Thistletop, anxiously, "the sympUms indicate softening of the bwain?" "Not at all, sir," replied the physician, decidedly. "Not at all. There are no indications of brain disorder. The trouble lies at the upper end of the spinal cord. Let me see your tongue." As to Advertising. Merchant—"Do you think advertising pays?" Book agent—"No, I don't." Merchant—"Why not?" Book agent—"why not? Because it takes all the people to your store to buy gooris and I can't find anybody at home to sell a book to; that's why not." Not Mated. He says that he is wedded to the muse, (Ah, what a curious combination 1) I do not see how she can help refuse To sue him for a separation. Irrigated Fruit .Lands. Did you see the fruit in the Idaho Exhibit at the World's Fair? Nothing finer, first premiums and all raised on irrigated land. It's sure, it's.abund- ant, it's profitable, it's your opportunity. The country is new, the lands are cheap, and the eastern market is from uOO to 1,500 miles nearer than to similar lands in Oregon, Washington and California. Advertising matter sent on application. Address E. L. Lomax, G. P. <fc T. A., Omaha, Neb. German dentists are now using glass in filling teeth in some instances. When Traveling, Whether on pleasure bent"or business, take on every trip a bottle of Syrup of Figs, as it acts most pleasantly and effectually on the kidneys, liver and bowels, preventing fevers, headaches and other forms of sickness. For sale in 50o. and $1 bottles by all leading druggists. Manufactured by the California Fig Byrup Co. only. More than four-fifths of last year's murderers were men of no occupation. Wabash to Toronto. For the meeting of the Baptist Young People's Union of America, July 19th to 22nd, shortest and best route, elegant tourist sleeping cars from Chicago to Toronto, berths only $1,50. For further information call on or address HOIUCE SEBLY, Commercial Agent, Wabash B.y., 380 4th St., Des Moipes, Iowa. A machine has been invented to count dust particles in the air. H and H. Will clean Silks, Woolen Goods, Ribbons, Curtains laid Carpets, Unequulecl for denning bouse, kill- Ing moths ana renovating grease spots. Price 15o, 2 cakes for 2Sc. {Tor sale everywhere. Address B. & H., Des Alpines, Iowa- All express engine consumes ten gallons of water a mile, FOB SAMS.--A $8,000 first mortgage at nine per cent, due in three years, on Omaha city property valued at $9,800,00. Interest- end principal guaranteed. Address, P, T, Allen, UOO Paxton block; Omaha, Neb, Female frogs have no voice; only the males pan Hall's Catarrh Cure Is a constitutional cure. Price, 75p, Scotland has over one hundred deer forests. _ ____ Warranted to cure or money refunded, AsK ypur tv. Pr ICQ *$ veBts. Chppse aq author as you <?<iqose a, friend, ~B,pscpinmqn, *w e twwQrtftl SOBS deifying tbeir 's, " |tapj; *« — i. , liKe the city pi better IQJP epg burnedTftm Bro W n, EXAMINE ALL$2 NOTES* A. Well Executed anil bnngerbiil Ootttitetfelt is Wow lit Clfenia* Hon. There is a new $2 counterfeit bill in circulation. It is of series 1891, check letter B, J. Fount Tillman, register; D. N. Morgan, treasurer; McPherson portrait. The note ia described by the Boston Herald as a trifle smaller than the genuine, and is printed on very soft, flimsy paper. The numbering is poor, both as to formation and color, being almost brown or chocolate instead of carmine. The seal is about one-sixteenth of an inch smaller than the genuine, aud is a dull, dark, faded red instead of a bright pink. In the portrait of McPherson the hair and whiskers are almost wholly represented by solid black color, vrith the exception of a few scratchy lines above the forehead, instead of having a neatly brushed appearance. In the counterfeit, also, the whiskers are trimmed evenly all round, showing the Avhite collar below, while in tho genuine a small part of the white collar and the coat collar are hidden by, the whiskers, which are unevenly trimmed. Two points of a second star can be distinctly seen in the left shoulder strap on the genuine, but in the counterfeit this appears as the white border of the shoulder strap. The small words "two" which appear in two places in the figure two, lower right hand corner on the face of the genuine are not to be found on the counterfeit. The lathe work on the face of this counterfeit is well executed, but on the back of the note it is mu -Ji broken and disconnected. The letter "o" in the word "two," lower right corner back • of the note, is poorly formed. The distributed silk to be found in the geru- iue paper is represented in this conter- feit by splitting the paper arid tracing the Irregular creases of same with red ink. Taking the note as a whole, it is a very dangerous counterfeit. ™ In France the ballet girl begins her career usually at seven years of age. HE1LP IS OFFEREB every nervous, exhausted, woman suffering from " female complaint" or weakness. AH pains, bearing-down sensation, and inflammations are relieved and CURED by Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription. Ilaydmtaion, Pa. WORLD'S DISPENSARY MEDICAL, ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, ,N.Y.: Gentlemen — We cannot sufficiently thank you for tho great amount of benefit my wife : received from the use of your medicine. My wife had a bad case of leucorrkca, and she used Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription for it, I cannot praise it above its value. I have a daughter who has been poorly over a yeai-; she is taking the' r ' Favorite Prescription," and is already feeling better, after taking two bot- MBS. SWEENEY, tics Yours. GEO. W. SWEENEY. , { ^'TTP i'nt v«- T"y« ICWS von ta havav ^< -eun¥iri the- ELYS CREAM BALM CURES JPRICE 50 CENTS, ALL DRUGGISTS TOURIST TRAVEL To COLORADO RESORTS Will set in early tills year, and tbe Great Rook ... Island Route Ua» already ample.and Perfect ar- ,H • rangements to transport the many who will take tn\ -fti: thelovely cool ot Colorado's ,\,tg HIGH ALTITUDES, Tbe Track ia perfect, and double over important " ' ' " ' it, and a solid) _ _ ^ , „ ..eaves Chicago 110 p. in, and arrives second morjilng at Denvsr Divisions. Train Equipment the very best, and a soli4 > Veatlbuled Train called the BIO FIVE leaves Chicago daily at 10 p, in, and arrives second mo ~'~ ~ or Colorado Springs (or breakfast. Any Coupon Ticket ' —' — furtber information v „, , epoDded to'Viy addressing —,_,—,— Qeneral Pagienger Agent, Chicago. W. L <S *fc W9 ket Agent can jive yon rates and>,.Vt on will peoheer?u»yand<mipklyye.'>! 'j rearing «THO. SEBASTIAN, 3,^« "-moral Pasienger Agent, Chicago '• •••' DOUGLAS '—'— 18 THE BEST,;'-? NO SQUEAKING. ,. ^ .< v -| $5. CORDOVAN, FRENCH&ENAMPULEP SAlFf * You can , w, i*, pmtiM ss.qo we arc the tersest wawtffM!

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