The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on July 4, 1894 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 4, 1894
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Page 7
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f MS arm, lots o? Aft idWa bulletin says: til studying the (ittestion o! how to make the dairy most profitable, two- problems &F6 pte* Seated for solution. The first oi these' pfdfeieflis is, how to prddfles the gfeat- dfit aniount oi butter fat at the iMi east} tke second, how to save all the fat produced afid market it In 'the fcfM of hitfh-prieed product, fioth of these problems are beifig' stildi6d, not tttily on thousahds of daify farms, bilt at many experiment stations, touring the past nine taonths We have been devoting especial Attention to a study of the loss of fat in the buttermilk in churning, With the hope of ascertaining the causes of the loss, Whether it catt b6 avoided* and if se the conditions necessary to secure the best results. This repott gives the results of the' Work we have'dotte so far in this line- If the value of the butter fat annually lost in the buttermilk in the creameries and dairies of the state of Iowa alone could be accurately ascertained the figures would teach such astounding proportions as to be almost incredible to those, who have not investigated the matter. During the past summer we have tested a great many samples of buttermilk from creameries and private dairies. In only one sample did we find the amount of fat as low as two-tenths '6'f 1 per cent, while in a number of cases We found the fat in the buttermilk to be abbve 4 per p»?nt. and one sample tested as high as 7 2-10 per cent. The loss on the farm and in private dairies is much higher than in the creameries, but we have found as high as 2% per cent of fat in buttermilk from creameries; but tliis we believe to be exceptional. It is quite common, however, to find as much as one-half of 1 per cent of fat in the buttermilk from creameries; and if the amount of fat lost was carefully determined by daily tests it would be ** Mrs. G. fa. Sice of Ramsey, La., Writ&s to AftM&fi fig$ JbHrHftl IB follows: J have* seen the several article! in tl& Bee Journal and Gleanings, about the poisonous yelloW jasmine haasf of- the sduth, and thought i Wotild git6 otiir stfpefisnee with it. in 1883 we cut out eomb from otif h'ves, which was filled With pollen (ot hee- bfead), with & few cells of honey in* terspersed. FiV6 bf Ouf children ate freely df this "bee-bread," as it is Called by old bee-keepers. In a short while they became so Weak that they could not stand, and complained of blindness. In alarm we sent for a physician, who pronounced it an overdose of yellow jasmine. We Were beginners in those days, and had only one Story to our hives, and squeezed the honey. Now we Use two and three stories, and extract, and so we never get the pollen' and honey mixed, At the time our children were poisoned, other members of the family ate of the honey alone, and were not in the least affected, We now use extracted honey without fear of the resHilt'. Is it not possible that all cases of honey-poisoning could be tracedL to the pollen? I know many old beekeepers advise eating the "bee-bread' 1 with the 'bee-honey," consequently some are made sick, especially by honey, taken from the tree at the famous bee-tree cutting picnics. The yellow jasmine grows plentifully around us, yet 'we never have had any sickness, as the result of eating extracted honey. The flowers open in the very,,early, spring, before the orange, and I should think the honey would be used in rearing brood. Dr. Brown says, in Gleanings, that it kills the bees; but'%hy'db6s it not kill all? I rather think the disease mentioned in Gleanings, is bee-paralysis, for it is not the Whole apiary that becomes affected—only, a few cplonies, wherein will be found a quantity of sealed honey from last year's harvest. With due respect to the experience of others, I submit the foregoing, hoping to see the subject sifted to the utmost limit. DAftf, Rational Stockman says: It won't pay to let the CoWS fall dff ih thei* yield fof want of grain feed; the corn meal and cottonseed meal may be reduced somewhat, but bran, middlings and linseed meal must be fed as usual. Cows going to pasture in good 'condition are all feady to increase theif milk, but if they are in poor order they must use a lot of spring pasture to make flesh. The ttile should be never allow the cows to go hungry^ The.full fed cow is the paying one* It pays to seed a field especially iot pasture if it can be spared from the rotation; a mixture of grasses is better than the old stand-bys, timothy and red clover. In seeding for pasture don't sow grain with the grats to "protect^tj" you might as well put a lot of, 'big pigs with the little ones to protect them. • • There is nothing equal to atop dreSs- 1 ing of fine -manure to give grass seed a start, and the more manure the sooner, the grass will be r«ady for grazing and the better the feed. Give the young grass rich soil and it won't need protection frOm the sun. Sometimes a loss is made by turning put the cows too soon; the way to tell is not to judge altogether by the size bf the field, but by the forwardness of the grass and the kind of weather we are having. If a pound of butter sells for only 26 cents wholesale, and a bushel of wheat only sells for' 58 cents, which pays the better to produce? A good cow will make enough pounds of butter to count up -against many acres of wheat; and tae butter crop is the surer of the, two. The butter does not take any of the farm's fertility when it is sold, but the wheat doea We have to feed the wheat as well as the cows, but the latter convert a good per cent of their feed into wheat feed.^ Is it not a far,t that on some farrne fCUfeE JOE A rJfewt« THE ILLUSTRATION IS OF A FLORIDA PINE-APPLE FIELD.—FROM FARMERS' REVIEW. $•" NV &M- i^' ^>' y ^-, WVift L *4S*r < $4 tr ; ' found that the creamery that is not suffering a loss of several dollars a day from this cause alone' ,is the exception,- while in some creameries, where large quantities of cream are handled, the value of'the fat lost in the buttermilk, would pay for several extra men" and then leave a very comfortable profit. We have before us the report of one day's work- in a creamery in this state, The amount of milk received was 10,493 pounds, in running this milk through" ( the separator a total of 4,3 pounds of fat weye lost in the skim' milk, but in churning the cream the next day twenty-nine pounds of fat were lost in the' buttermilk, Considering this fat W0l?tb- §Q cents per pound, which was e-bquij its value at that time, the iB the buttermilk for one day gome creameries re' the amount of milk above, and in &t tfre earn 6 rate, would " the Epizootic Abortion In Cows. From the evidence which has recently been brought to tho notice of the society, it is , considered desirable) .to, recommend to the special attention of stock owners, in whose herds abortion has appeared, the system of preventive treatment, which is described in the following quotation from the article on abortion in the Society's Journal, The plan which Prof, Nocard recpmmends to ( be used in cow sheds and v premises in which epizootic abortion occurs ye'ar by year is the following; 1, Every week the places in which cowe are kept must be well cleansed, and especially the part behind the cows, and then disinfected by a strong solution of pulphRte of copper (b.lue vitriol), or a. solution of carbolic acid, one to fifty of water, §, The under,part of the tail, the anus, vulva, and parts below of all the cows mufit b,e sponged daily with the following lotion, which is a strong poison; ' < w&tet 9? distilled water., 9 g&4<W Oorrpsiye gnbjjmats,,,,,.,,,, ,$})£. < aoJd,,. M ,,,,,' M ,g^ the fir$t season of thJ •a; ! is to be expected, but mM$Q&j$m ,$§ jo JVTnA'<Bftnor\vi''rt-f /w»Ao4-Aa4- it ro§ffifeeps pf tafrwttw nwp '- the'dairy pays for growing the wheat, but the owner of the farm believes that the wheat' is the better money crop? The butter comes in in small sums,but the wheat inoney in a lump; the lump makes the man feel big, but the small sums keep him out of debt. Wheat is'a good crop to grow on a dairy farm; it is a good crop to seed to grass with, it supplies bedding' to the cows, and if the price of wheat is low the 1 'cows will eat it and 'turn it into butter) ^ivhich will make the wheat net a good 'price. : J Wheat in the cow is all right, but a cow in the wheat is all'wi'ong; vhis is the time of the year to put the fences in good order, / > ' OF CBEAMJSBY case of some general interest has reoentily been before two courts in Indiana. a$d the cirQums,ta.nqeB are that when a Joeal creamery was built quite a number of Business , men in, ^wntin^ton subscribed money $9 the en'ter'prige, RS tjiey alleged, only f py ite, purppf§ pf heljppg; .the matter alon'g, each pn.e ^ving 1 $50 "Q> §iQQ, ^ftey the &8§QQiftti9» fajlgd an effpr| torna,k§ thgrn liable pro rata e& ( dh p^jd, • The de&n, ' , pf , They A WJtt'ti ' c f 'tnmps !n All Size* ftotA it tfaft frrozftri to OfdeK An ingenious aparatus for the manufacture of "cube ice" is an invention. Recently exhibited in London. The fnaohino is a simple one, in which blocks of pure artificial ice are placed, emerging in the same but -Stronger shape and possessing some •peculiar characteristics. When tap- fred with an ice chisel or even a penknife, they break up 'into cubes Oi Convenient si^e, instead of shattering Into irregular and ill-assorted lumps. The invention is of 'hygiofaic importance, too, for the machine also stamps plainly on each of the* symmetrical cubes the trade-mark of the maker. Thus the consume i 4 is protected by-this "name^blown-in-the- bottle" device, the stamp beinsf ft;guarantee of the-p'urit'y of the arti* die and its origin-. The invention ha,s>.also the virtue of economy, as there is no Waste from broken ice ahd tho cubes are symmetrical and, attractive. Tho Lancet thus explains the invention: In the course of some experiments Mr. Vander Weyde observed that ice' at ^ a temperature below freezing point, when newly cut and left in contact, adhered so 'strongly that it. would noi break in the same place, whereas when, .exposed to a warmer "temperature it would split at the originally cut places with great ease; and so, with', this extended knowledge of the interesting phe-' nomenon of regelation, first brought to light by Faraday and afterward Studied by Tyndall, Mr. ^ 7 'ander Weyde developed his invention as the outcome of its practical application. The phenomenon of regelation is, tho result of the action of capillary force !.',t the boundaries of tho':film • of watsr which' connects the pieces 'pj.acec, in contact, producing un effect equivalent to attraction between thorn, just as two plates of clean glass with a film of water between them seem to adhere. Ice being wet by water, the boundary of the con- ^ectiug-film is concave, and this concavity implies a diminution of pressure in the interior. The film accordingly exerts upon the ice a pressure less than atmosphere, and as the remote sides of the blocks are exposed to atmospheric pressure there is a reluctant force urging them together and producing stress at the .small surface of contact. Melting of the ice therefore occurs at the piaces ot contact and the cold : t'hus evolved freezes at adjacent portions of the water film, which,- being at loss than atmospheric pressure, will begin to freeze at a temperature a little above the normal freezing point. It is necessary to allow the block to "warm" for a short time, so th'at the "cement'V of ice loses its previously tenacious hold upon the small cubes into which the : block is divided. Then, after this warming:.up process, the cubes are as easily separated as postage stamps from a perforated sheet. A sixteen-pound block of ice, for instance, can easily be divided into 512 half-ounce cubes, or a .thirty-two-pound block into 512 one-ounce cubes. A, Singular .Story. In a public ,address delivered in Pittsburg a few days ago, Eev. Dr. Sheldrake, of Kentucky, related these singular stories: "There was a member ot the Kentucky presbytery, whom 1 knew very well, who frequently went into a sort of walking sleep, While in this condition he would preach moat eloquent sermons, but when he came out he could not remember a word that he had said. On one occasion a copy of the French testament was handed to him to conduct family worship at tho house of a well-known oitizeu of Frankfort. Although utterly ignorant of the' French language, he read 'a chapter and then*- commented thereon at'length in Knglish. On another occasion, while in this condition, he remarked to his Mends that a certain minister iu Nebraska was in trouble, and that he had just written a lottei' to Kentucky detailing the circumstances, Hp then, proceeded to givf| the. content^ of the Better, and his 1 'words were taken down by gome qne present, Two days latei? the lf|tei' arrived from Nebraska, and i$f|p9 identical, word for- word, with 'tjjje., one the .minister, had dio ; tated ;,f,hij.e in the walking s^eep." The sj$al?er cited these 4pat'a.nces to showlthe. life of the souUqdepepdent of thejtody, and argued therefrom th-oiir - - ^T T — «?JWT "? VV* a-TT-- <rTj»^"^!Tf7 ^ ^hat g, me,n>hep p£ - n th^| Of onj^i repvim.ipd a.n4> (Jafltej 1 '"'Qf ,reo«;USpp«|P il'a'.'l^cyibiiiU' fa s.^e natl'Qaal'QpuVjb oogtuwe- ' Tjiii§ Jact ifd dwirig 1 ' the past a Japge' l&nipy, ija.13. > was '•QM -' "-'- --'-*- A - ' fe^ra '• ".^"' fi'e'* r ' ^ ^M V ; J ft * ' f ' '- '• . M • t i jf ? .-:- •• ! ;/l • ( ' . i t aJ Columbus Discovered America, We Keep it Clean With Santa Glaus .Soap. Sold eve Made The Best Shoes for the Least Money. W. L, DOUGLAS $12 QUAftt FOB $*» ^OVC GENTLEMEN, $5, 84 and S3.5O Dress Shoe. S3.GO Police Shoe, 3 Soles, $2.60, 62 for Workingmen. $2 and $1.75 for Boys. < LADIES AND MISSES/ $3, S2.6O $2, $1.70 CAUTION—If any dealt* offers you W. :!.. DonglM Bhoes at a reduced price, or says ho has them without the name stamped on the bottom, put him down as a fraud. . § L. DOUGLAS Shoes are stylish, easy fitting, and give bette* satisfaction at the prices advertised than any other make. Try one -pair and be convinced., The stamping of W. L. Douglas' name and price on the bottom, which guarantees their value, saves thousands of dollars annually to those who wear them. Dealers who push the sale of W. L. Douglas Shoes gain customers, which helps-to increase the sales on their full line of goods. They can afford to sell at a less profit, and we believe ou can save mon . ca , and we believe you can save money by buying all yonr footwear of the dealer advertised below. Catalogue free upon application. W. t. For Sale in Algon DOUGLAS. Brockton, Mass. , o.va, by B. H. ANDERSON'.- , f '• V. ^ '• -is THE- MOST POPULAR MPCBLICAS NEWSPAPER OF 'HIE WEST • HHS THE LKRGDST CIRCULATION. 1=3 V DAILY (without Sunday), $6.00 po;- year. CASLY .'with Sunday), 553.00 per year. The WeeSdy Inter Oce-Tis, par year, $1.00 As a newspaper THE INTER OCEAN Iri'spn abroa'st of the tirhea in.nll raspecta. It spares neither pains nor expense in occurinp ALL. THU KSVVG AND THE BEST OF CURRENT LITERATURE. The Weekly O cean Is edited especially for Uioae vv.' i, on account of nail n?rvic<? or any other reason, do, not take a daily paper. In jts t columns sue \o bo found the v/fcV'a news of all the. world condensed and the cream o.' th-- Utvtvr, ii? tuuo ot iho Daily. GiM a11 Wcstcrn jcurnals - " con ^-.^,.-^^^ SlbtL of EIClHT PAGES, AS A FAMILY PAPBE !T J^Gi •••••»•••• ...... ........ mraJiiiFrHiTTri.^iT^";^?^!!.-^.-^^^^-.^,.- A Supplement, Illustrated, in Colors, of EIGHT ADDITIONAL PAGED, mal.ins in all SIJVTE^N PAGES, This Supple. ment, containing SIX PAGES OF READING. MATTER, find .TWO FliLL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS, is alone worth th'.- price charc<"d for the paper. THE INTER OCEAN IS PUBLISHED IN CHICAGO, the nev/s end commercial center of all west of the Allegheny Mountum*), nnd is better adapted lo the needs of the psople of that section th >n nny paper farther East, ' It is in accord with the people of the West both >n Poliflcq and Literature, Please remember that the price of The \j7eekly Inter Ocean IS ONLY OMB DOLLAR PER YEAR. Address THE INTER OCEAN, Chicago. and Elbows Out -Shoes in Holes and Slouchy Cap. How Hard That Boy is on If Is Clothe^! ', ' Buy Him The Hub's Head-to-Foof s Outfit }f,"},X$f «w»>\5>* "if f \V& $£• Ages 5 to H5 years—every ttjread all ;\ double breasted coat—pants made with i koe.es—double §eat§^»taped seams -(will P 1 3 pairs of tb§ usual kind)—A Stafctey, 'm.a^ like fetratiQtMo rpatch the £ult^a,nj$3 "Yy Pair of £hoes of 'solid leather, fet'Clbg, §ty6te$l Vd neat-the,entir§j putm for ||^ppr:,_;|^« 'Senjfcn, ye,$e.ipt of priW, BPCf Q» P. wfth privije§e.af f^TOlnf^^^^^f^l^^" 1 $BiJ«3 §&t§8 If $J?W deposit & gent wftfe qyde.r, Jff not 8^|||^ ff W|;|j^^i|| jnd the nurchase nrice. ftaialnnim anrl samnlas Rrea. In orrterincr inoliVHe fieri «nstn'tyf>j : .V'£)>'. ,**T,f|r° JrW*^??;" ff*" THE HUB, i V ( ( . fr ' 1 ' T ' '*V*f1- -^iH'-^f* 1 *lft^f "•n- CHICACQ, IL ., < ^j^fipd^iMa ^ ,-W ..fyvaj kltf^ 1

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