BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS FACE FIT! Communist Hungary Gets 'New Look': Golf, Cars and Homes for Upper Classes EDITOR'S NOTE — Richard O'Regan, chief of the AP bureau In Vienna, covered a conference of the Communist-led World Peace Council In Budapest last June. Now he has made another visit behind the Iron Curtain to Hungary's capital and fouud some major changes resulting from communism's "new look." Highlights of his findings are rounded up in the following dispatch. By RICHARD O'REGAN BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP) — It is rumored in Budapest that Hungary's Red rulers are planning to take up golf—hitherto regarded by communism as a decadent capitalistic sport. The rumor may be untrue, but it illustrates one thing: The "new look" in communism is bringing considerable benefits to the working class. But it is bringing far more to communism's upper and middle class group which has benefited all along. This segment of Red society is demanding still more privileges—and it is getting them. Hungary was the first Iron Curtain country to announce the "new look", a modification of the Communist drive for ever higher industrial and farm production to permit an increase in the output of consumer goods and restore some niceties of life. The Red bosses seem content with the progress. They have announced it will continue. But Hungary is still shipping huge quantities of her production to Russia and other Soviet nations. Thus her living standards, although higher than a year ago, remain lower than before World War IE and lower than those of West Europe. You can buy champagne glasses here today. On fashionable Vaci Utca, there's fishing equipment for the Communist man of leisure. All over Budapest there are night clubs and restaurants run by the state. But the prices are out of this world for the average well- paid whitecollar worker. Patrons are the Communist doctors, engineers, architects, artists, writers, musicians, high party members and government chiefs •who have all the big money in Hungary. Many are young. If you can manage the money, you can now build your own house. A state enterprise will do it for you. Or you can buy a second-hand automobile. Not a good one, because they are reserved for the select few at the top. Several members of Hungary's soccer team, for instance, are now car and house owners. So are half the members of the opera. These men draw salaries of anywhere from "4,000 to 20,000 forints a month ($363 to $1,800 at the legal rate). Former arch-reactionaries are among the new upper classes. One is Jozsef Vargha, now a Budapest University professor and prize-winning oil expert. He was formerly minister of industry under the re- gime'of pro-Hitler Adm. Nicholas Horttiy. Women of the Communist upper class benefit too. The party says— to those who can pay the price— it is now permitted to be pretty, to wear lipstick, to don high heels, to wea-r a girdle. Most Budapest women remain drably dressed and untidy. But I counted a dozen well groomed. A dre*6 in Budapest's high-fashion store may cost 900 forints, a month's pay to the best of secretaries. Even at the Nagyaruhaaz department store, a rayonlike summer frock bears a pricetag of 350 forints. And a bottle of eau de cologne costs 45 forints, or about 10 hours work. A man's raincoat or a half decent suit costs three weeks pay. The tab for a meal for two at a- good-restaurant runs to 50 or 60 forints, considerably more than an average day's pay. There is more to eat on the market than a year ago. The Red re- SOMEONE MUST BE FIRST—Along the coast of Cornwall near St Ives, England, a large sea gull swoops down on a daring young girl to get a bite to eat. Other gulls hover in the background, waiting to see outcome of the transaction before following suit. gime is even importing beef from France and lard from the United States (by the way of the Netherlands). But bread remains the staple of the average family because of the high cost of other foods. Working it out on paper, Western diplomats say Hungarian living standards have gone up 15 to 20 per cent. But they are *> still years away from rivaling those of West Europe. In Budapest, every other movie today is from the West, though no Hollywood products are shown. The imports are British, French, Italian, Mexican. Tickets are sold out weeks in advance. Western music is played everywhere, and here there is no bar on America. "Moulin Rouge" and "Oh, My Papa" are the new hits. George Gershwin and Jerome Kern are steady favorites. People have more time for home, children and amusement. The old sweat-shop practice of "voluntary overtime" — without pay — is almost a thing of the past. Newspapers are more readable. Crime news is reported again. There is more Western news — without political comment. There is no more worshiping of Stalin, or of Matyas Rakosi, Hungary's bald Communist boss. There are fewer Red flags, and fewer secret police, spies and informers. For the moment, all this has strengthened the Red regime. What Western diplomats hope is that, having loosened the screws, communism will have to let go even more. This ultimately may turn to the West's advantage, instead of Russia's. But Hungarians, for all the improvements, have not regained much of the gaiety they lost when communism took over here. They still appear strained, nervous and frustrated. "They have become more tolerant of the regime," said a British diplomat, "but they would be more happy if they could get rid of it. They don't oppose it as much as a year ago, but 90 per cent of them are still against it." WHUR-WISI? IWf N IT'S MAYTAG MM YOVI 129.95 Adams Appliance Co. Inc. We Will Be CLOSED Wednesday Afternoons DURING JUNE, JULY & AUG. STARTING WEDNESDAY JUNE 2 Cash Grocery Southern Presbyterians Vote To Unite with Other Branches MONTREAT, N.C. Iff}—The 94th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States (Southern) yesterday voted to join with the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. and the United Presbyterian Church. Assemblies of the two Northern branches had voted for union last week. The move for union of 3 J /2 million presbyterians was started by the Southern Presbyterians and represented 16 years of planning. Plan after plan had been submitted and rejected. This General Assembly might well become the most outstanding in Presbyterian history. Only last Saturday it landed a blow at Jim Crowism and asked its churches to let down racial bars. First to Act It thus became the first major denomination to endorse with action the recent decision of the U.S. Supreme Court on segregation. Before either action becomes effective, it must have approval at the presbytery level. The desegregation matter is left up to individual churches and the union plan needs the approval of three-fourths of the 84 presbyteries in the 16-state section. In the other two branches it requires two-thirds approval. Commissioners favoring union gave much credit to Dr. James A. Jones, pastor of Charlotte's Myers Park Church, for a favorable vote on the minority report from the Committee on Interchurch Relations. The committee had split 16-22 on its recommendation. Dr. Jones told the assembly that "if Jesus Christ meant business when he taught his disciples to recite 'Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven,' be sure of our decision today." Later, on a proposal for a secret ballot, Dr. Jones said, "There is no secret ballot from God ... It now is the time to stand up and be counted." Dr. John R. Richardson, pastor of Atlanta's Westminster Church, headed forces against unification. He said such a step would cause the individual churches to "lose their present reality." Prince Edward Island is considered the birthplace of the Dominion of Canada. Club Women In Convention At Denver, Colo. Seek Answers To Major Problems Facing World Today DENVER (ft— The confused international situation . . . segregation in the South . . . integration of foreign-born populations in the big cities . . . Those are problems on the minds of women leaders meeting in Denver for the 63rd annual convention of the General Federation of Women's Clubs. The 3,000 delegates her e represent some 11 million members in the United States and 42 foreign countries. Sessions begin today. Some of the leaders said in interviews they expect to come up with answers to those problems. Balance On the international scene, Mrs. Zaio Woodford Schroeder of Grosse Point, Mich., sees women "adding a sense of balance in solving those problems." "They won't straighten out the international situation any more than men," I Irs. Schroeder emphasizes. "But women are biologically pacifists and they can contribute important influences on the world problems." Mrs. Schroeder, chairman of the federation's Department on International Affairs, said, "Women are numerically the majority and are becoming very eager to assume leadership." "Southerners will meet the problem in their own way," said Mrs. Chester E. Martin of Atlanta,. Ga. "TJime will take care of the problem," she added in reference to the Supreme Court's ruling outlawing segregation. "We must bring leaders of the foreign-born populations into the federation," Mrs. Harold Milligan of New York City said. She declared big cities have been dodging the problem too long. Milton Berk's Mother Dies NEW YORK (/P) — Mrs. Sandra Berle, who guided the early career of her son. television comedian Milton Berle. and backed up his jokes with enthusiastic laughter, died last night. She was 77. Berle often quipped that "Mom" was his best fan and he would call her from the audience to take bows with him. In theaters across the country her high-pitched laugh cued crowds in response to his gags and stories Efficient Producers Denmark probably has the most highly organized agricultural industry in the world. The agricultural producers have achieved a high standard of efficiency through cooperative enterprises in production, quality of production, and distribution. LAST 4 DAYS TO SAVE 2O% ON ELGIN WATCHES Sale End* Saturday, June 5—to hurry! Choose the watch yow want NOW — for graduation, anniversary, or a birthday and save yourself 20% This is absolutely your last chance to save so much money—a. full 20%—on Elgin Watches. Make your selection right away, while your jeweler has the style you want. Brilliant Elgin dress watches, sport watches, self-winding watches, and shock, dust and water-resistant models. Even lovely Elgin Diamond Watches. Buy the fine Elgin Watch you've always wanted NOW! LADY tLGIN PANOU. I8K applied gold nufn- •ral*.21-jew«l movement. WAS $71.50- NOW $5720 ELGIN HENDRIX. Self- winding. Shock, duit, water-resistant.* 17 jewels. WAS $69.50— NOW $5560 ELGIN VAIEENE. Richly styled. Hadley expansion bracelet. 17 jewel*. WAS $45.00- NOW $3^00 ELGIN THORNDA1E. Handsome 17-jewel watch. California saddle •trap. WAS $33.75— NOW $7700 ELGIN Wear an FIKllH watch, the beautiful way to tell time rty/'tfcd original Me/ il »r»p«r/y rtitorerf ofttr op»w«f for uniting. All pr/cM iflc/ud* futtrtil Tex and an **pcf f» <fte»ee wi*e*» NO ONE "NOSE" WHATTL HAPPEN - Comedian Jimmy Durante walks into a lion's cage to rehearse for a television program in which he's scheduled to appear as a Lion tamer Whether he'd appear with the lion on the program wag problematical M a Hollywood, Calif., insurance company has refused to accept the risk. Double Duty Squad NOETH ANDOVBR, Mau. (*) — A National Guard firing squad performed a double duty at Holf Sepulchre Cemetery yesterday. The men no sooner fired the traditional volley of shot* at Memorial Day exercises when they spotted a lire inf a nearby parked car. They filled their helmet* wttfc sand and put out the blaze. Cut Hearing AM Battery Costs! Save! There are no "8" batteri* to buy or replace in the new ALL-TRANSISTOR, ALL-MAGNETIC MMOEM C«n IM tor a demonstration of the tinrn- tuted hearing aitf that mryoM wintt. • HEARING SERVICE • 132? Sterick Bldf, Memphis J. C. Cowen, Mfr. Represented by MRS. H. L. HARP 910 Walnut Blytherffl* Out for o Stroll- From New York To Son Francisco DES MOINES W)—John P- Frey, toughened by hikes in his mountainous native Switzerland, likes to walk. He likes it so well he is walking "every inch of the way" from New York to San Francisco, roughly 3,030 highway miles. "This is something I've wanted to do for years," said the 59-year- old professional lecturer. "When I was a little boy I always read about the United States and marveled at the size of, the country The idea came to me that I'd like to walk across it." He took to the open road April 1 and had completed 1,258 miles of the Journey when stopped here last night. He averages 21 miles a day. By mid-November, he hopes to reach San Francisco. Rescued Soldier Reaches Hospital FAIRBANKS. Alaska (&) - A Brooklyn soldier injured May 16 in a fall on towering Mt. McKinley was evacuated by Ah" Force helicopter early today and flown here for hospitalization. Doctors said the soldier, Pfc. George Argus, whose hip was broken in a 1,000-foot fall that killed a companion, was alive but unconscious when lifted from the mountain by a helicopter pilot who "squeezed every inch out of the altimeter" to reach him on the ice of Muldrow Glacier. DfXTFR twin-a-matic washer 2 washers in 1 double CAPACITY double SPEED double VALUE LIFETIME GUARANTEE \ See Your DEXTER Dealer Today Moore's Furniture Co. We are pleased to announce the appointment of Mr. Gerald Adams Superintendent at Blythtvillt with offices at West Main & Broadway Phone 3-3619 GrmfMtny tf> cfor EAT BETTER AND SAVE With A Yes ... an Electric Freezer saves TIMI . . . saves MONEY . . . saves FOOD. Ifc stretches your budget dollar because you can buy food in quantity at bargain prices and store it 'till you need It! Think of having FRESH strawberries whenever you want thetn-at Summer prices! See the new Electric Food Freezers today. Get yours NOW while the marietta are full of bargains. Tent Electric Ark-Mo Power Co.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 8,800+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month