The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 19, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, September 19, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 153 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE. ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1953 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS UN Delegates Get Day Off Russian Answer to Dulles 7 Talk Expected Next Week UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — United Nations del egates to the current General Assembly meeting took a day off today — because no one wanted to talk. The lull is due to last only for the weekend, however. Polish UN Envoy Asks U.S. Asylum Diplomat Flees; Eludes Guards At His Hotel NEW YORK (AP) — Dili Marek Korowicz, Polish diplo- ' mat who got his first look at America last Monday,'is seeking political asylum here after a pre-dawn .flight from his country's Communist-dominated United Nations delegation. "Life in Poland was a nightmare," Korowicz said yesterday. The graying, 50-year-old Koro- wiczleft Polish U.N. headquarters Wednesday. Pretending to be working on a document in the early morning hours, he eluded armed guards and slipped out of his midtown hotel to telephone an old friend from the Polish underground. Safe in the friend's home, Koro- wicz, first alternate of the Polish delegation to the U.N., wrote identical letters to Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, president of the U.N. General Assembly, and Dag Ham- marskjold, U.N. secretary general. The letters said: "I have the honor of bringing ^ to your attention that I formally renounce my membership in the Polish delegation to the assembly of the United Nations. "The members of the delegation, headed by Messrs. Naszkowski and Katz-Suchy, do not in any way represent either the Popish nation or the people. It is thus absolutely impossible for me to collaborate with these representatives—not of my beloved country but solely of the Soviet regime in Poland." Once Taught Law Korowicz, author of some 20 books and former professor of international law at the University of Krakow, said he is unmarried and has only distant relatives in Poland. Last Thursday Korowica sat as grim-faced ns the rest of his delegation listening to a speech by Secretary of State John Foster Foster Dulles before the U. N. General Assembly. Yesterday, Korowicz said he was deeply moved by Dulles' speech. Later, Dulles smiled when asked for comment by newsmen then Municipal Court this morning with quoted from his U N speech- ! drlvting while intoxicated and fined "Our hope is that the Soviet I s100 Plus, costs and Communist leaders, before it is too late, will recognize that love of God, love of country and sense of human dignity always survive. Repressive measures inevitably lead to resentment arid bitterness and perhaps something more.' Dulles added that America^ icy was in favor of granting asylum, but that each case must be considered separately and in conformity with the law. Korowicz is the fourth Polish national to flee to the West in the past, six months. Two Polish jet fliers and a Polish interpreter in Korea previously sought and gained asylum in the United States. Korowicz made his formal appeal Russia's answer to United States overtures for global peace is ex pected by the middle of next week when Assembly President Mrs, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit hopes the policy debates will be concluded The organization of seven committees to tackle the Assembly's 72- item agenda also is due to be completed by that time. Today's scheduled meeting was canceled by Mrs. Panidt after delegates still to voice their country's opinions on issues before the Assembly, indicated they were not ready yet to speak. A .tentative schedule of speeches for Monday, however, lists El Salvador, Peru, Greece, Libria and China. Tusday's program now in- cluds Cuba, Canada, Ecuador and Venezuela. The Soviet speech, when it does come, is expected to couple some kind of a disarmament proposal with heavy emphasis on Soviet claims that Russian scientists have mastered the hydrogen bomb secret. The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission announced last month that the Soviets had conducted atomic tests Aug. 12 that involved both fission — atomic — and thermonuclear reactions. Thermonuclear is a term scientists often use to describe a hydrogen- explosion. Nothing New Expected Although there has been no indi- ition of what any new Soviet disarmament proposals may involve. Western diplomats did not expect them to differ materially from previous Russian offers which the U.N. has rejected repeatedly. In the past, the Russians have called for an across-the-board one- third cut in conventional arms and the immediate banning of mass destruction weapons. The West has insisted instead on step-by-step disarmament with ironclad safeguards against violation leading to strictly supervised .. international control of atomic energy produc- ;ion. U.S. Secre tary of State Dulles opened the policy debates Thursday with a new American cal Ifor Russian cooperation in deeds—not words—to ease world tensions. Australia and New Zealand yesterday seconded tne appeal. The Assembly also is still waiting for an answer from the Communist Chinese and North Koreans on when and where the Korean peace conference will be held. The United States and her 15 allies in V. S. AIR BASE ON THE TOP OF. THE WORLD — This is a general view of a part of the D. S. Air Force Base at Thule, Greenland, from which far- rangirtg B-36 bombers already are operating. A half-dozen of the huge planes have tested Thule's facilities after flights from bases in the United States 3,000 miles away. Shown here are the oil storage tanks and the North Star Bay dock area. (AP Wirephoto) ' Public Meeting on Industrial Prospect Due Monday Night The problem of obtaining new industry for Blytheville will be put squarely to the ns at a public meeting at 7:30 p. m. Monday in the new Senior High School auditorium. citizens at a public meeting Sponsored by the Chamber of Commerce, this • citizens meeting has been called to determine what Blytheville residents want to — and will—do toward bringing to this city an industrial prospect. Ray Hall, Chamber of Commerce president said this morning that the meeting is being held "to explain about this prospect and see what the citizens of Blytheville want to do about it" "We have an outside chance of getting this industry if we come up with a goqd proposition, he said. This industry, he saidyrenTploy; an estimated-minimum i '6f^20{f''feen-' p. m. Monday in the new Senior High School auditorium, and would have a payroll of approximately S500.0CO a year. There also would be a good possibility of expansion, Mr. Hall said. "It will be up to the people them selves to decide if we get this industry," he emphasized. SenatorsPlan Drive On Juvenile Crime WASHINGTON fAP) — Through public hearings from coast to coast •investigataing senators hoped today to rally a new long. rangff tMVe against .teenage gangsterism, drug ad- ^aioiraij'J'^ienaWlt^iiess.-s'^'' •-•' .,'.:•••'•• '<,-.••• ~r agreed Thursday night to a new request to Peiping— Korea send via Sweden—to talk about those ites. The 16 nations also restated their opposition to Red demands that Russia .India, Indonesia, -Burma and Pakistan be seated at the conference table as neutrals. | Appeals DWI fine Hershel McKay was charged in sentenced to 24 hours in jail. An appeal to the Circuit Court was granted with bond set at $150. for asylum in the offices of Radio Free Europe operated privately by the National Committee F.or a Free Europe, Inc. He told how his chance came on Sept. 1, when he was "suddenly" asked to go* to New York with the See UN on rage 8 Weather FORECAST: ARKANSAS—Mostly cloudy, scattered showers and thundershowers east portion this afternoon and in extreme east tonight and Sunday. Cooler north portion this afternoon. MISSOURI — Generally fair tonight and Sunday; cooler east and south tonight. Maximum yesterday—98 Minimum yesterday—65 Sunrise tomorrow—5:46, Sunset today—6:02 Precipitation last 2-! hours to 6'30 m. yesterday— none. Mean temperature (midway between sn and low)—81.5 Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—32.79. This Dale Last Year Minimum yesterday—56 Maximum yesterday—85 Precipitation January 1 to Hate — p reed Roks Claim Reds Refused Their Release PANMUNJOM (AP) — Twelve South Koreans and a Turk were freed today by the Reds and some of the ROKs said they were held against their will, a flat contradiction of the Red story that all 13 originally had refused to return home. There were no Americans in the group of 13, but the South Koreans said they had seen some Americans at Kaesong, in a special camp for about 320 Allied prisoners the Reds say refuse to go home. The Reds said about 20 of these are non-Koreans but have not said if any were American. TJ. S. officers had expected some Americans might be included in the Saturday delivery after the him 'against his wishes-while telling the Allies he refused repatriation-because he was "uncooperative." Another South Korean, Kim Sang Bong, 25, estimated the number of Allied prisoners at Kaesong at about 400, including Americans. The freed Turkish soldier, Cpl. Kepebir Cavit of Ismir, was taken to the U. S. 121st Evacuation Hospital at Seoul by Helicopter. He Reds said Friday they would re- : was not ""mediately available to lease "10 or more" POWs, without; newsmen - At Fanmunjom he told revealing the nationalities. j an American officer who spoke _., ,, , Turkish he was "sick.' This was the first delivery of Allied prisoners whom the Reds say have changed their minds and decided to return home. The Allies have sent back 15 Red POZs they say reversed their earlier stand against repatriation to their Red homelands. The regular exchange of prisoners willing to return home ended two weeks ago. Those remaining in captivity reportedly wanted to stay. Others Detained However, Lee Choo Bok, a 20- year-old South Korean labor corps worker who was captured in Aug- Hew Plan Set For State Tax Collections LITTLE ROCK 1* — Arkansas will start using a phsycological plan with teeth in it next month to see that business houses paying all their state taxes. Revenue Commissioner Vance Scur]ock said 10 field auditors and ust. 1951, while working for the! investigators will "raid" a com- U. S. 3rd Division said most pris-! munity—without advance notice— 1 The special Senate judiciary subcommittee announced plans for hearings in possibly 20 cities, with precautions against subjecting youthful witnesses "to exploitation or public contempt." Chairman . Hendrickson (R-NJ) said the group will keep a sharp eye for evidence "that certain adults may be stimulating gang delinquencies to pursue their own criminal ends." The committee reported a 30 pel- cent rise m juvenile delinquency •in the United States since ID-IS. Whether any of the hearings will be televised "and how to handle Dirksen Lashes Dems; Farmers Reassured Benson Says He Won't Permit Farm Squeeze AUGUSTA, Wis. (AP)—Ezra Taft Benson told farmers to day he did not."become secretary of agriculture to sit id ly by wringing my hands and let the farmer be squeezed by lowered farm prices and high fixed costs." He said in a speech prepared for delivery at the National Plowing Contest that the Eisenhower administration, as it seeks improvements in farm programs, "has and will do everything in its power to enhance farm prices in 1953-54. us ing the implements at hand." Benson had said in advance the speech would be one of the most important, he ever made. It came after Democrats, meeting in Chicago this week .had criticized GOP farm policies and after the secretary had conferred with President Eisenhower at the summer White House in Denver.' Benson said he would assure farmers that both the President and he "are determined to do all within our power to protect and improve the living standards of "arm people of this great nation." Fanners can "look forward with confidence" in the Eisenhower administration, he said. He led up to his statement on us own attitude by saying. "It is 'line to speak bluntly and plainly in my position." He said that when he became iccrelary he held the view he honld not sit by while farmers rere squeezed and that "I hold t now and I will continue to hold A FISH FOR IKE'S SKILLET — President Eisenhower nets a fish while on a small side trip to the ranch of an old pal, Bal Swan, about 50 miles southwest of Denver as he wound up his Colorado vacation. One of the fish stories to come up from I!ie President's camp concerned a fishing companion — Circuit Judge Orie L. Phillips — who has been mentioned as a possible successor to fill the vacancy left on the U. S. Supreme Court by the death of Chief Justice Vinsdn. (AF Wire- Not In Thirties "You are not looking down the byss of the. Thirties," the secre- ary said. '"We are In the Fifties nd have tools and are fashioning ther tools to build a sound econ- my." The administration's help, he aid, will include "whatever, parity roposnls meet the lest of the ex- austlve study of the farm problem ow under way by the nation armors, the Department of Agri- ulture and Congress." Benson descrmed as "nonsense' barges by political opponents lat the administration is "talking rather than doing, studying, rathei than acting' ' to help farmers caught in a squeeze between high ; production costs and declining the matter of young offenders' tes- j farm prices, or facing drought and timony to protect them from ruin other emergencies of their future"-are matters the Thc record snow! . he ^ ^ the administration has used all the legal tools available to bring about three subcommittee members said are to be decided after further study. Hendrickson and Sens. Hennings (D-Mo) and Kefauver (D-Tenn) told newsmen closed-door testimony of young delinquents will "certainly be essential." The committee's listing of individual cities and conditions to be stablty and to help farmers caught in distressing situations. The OOP farm chief said the administration had succeeded halting a "deep drop in farm prices which already was under way when we took office." He said that during the last 12 months of studed in each brought a dissent | the Truman administration, farm ;!'. 0 ™-, JUVer " Ie , , n . ulll , ori ; ie s in San j prices had declined from 113 to ""'' '95 per cent of parity. He said the oners still held by the Reds are forcibly detained. He said some voluntarily elected to stay in Communist. North Korea. Lee said these included men who cooperated with the Reds in prison camp. Lee said the Communists held Congress Is Into 2nd Trillion Dollars Since 1872 By WILLIAM F. AEBGAST e WASHINGTON m — Congress is working on its second trillion dollars in appropriations in the last 82 years. Since 1872, when the House Appropriations Committee started keeping year - by - year statistics, Congress has appropriated $1,162,000 000,000, well over half of it to hnlf the staggering the the military. More than total appropriated during last 10 years, although the all- time high was the 147 billion dollars allotted in 1942, the first full year of World War II. Only once during the last 10 years have annual appropriations ' exceeded 100 billion dollars. That was In 1951, when the threat of World War III became real and Con-riTr.s shcllr-' nit mi billion. Congress didn't (tart thinking terms of billions, much less trillions, until , 1908. appropriations soared that year past the billion dollar mark lor the first time. They totaled $1,006,431,726. They haven't dipped below.the billion mark since. In 1917 and 1918. with the United States Involved in World War 1, appropriations took a big-jump -to $18,800,000,000 In 1917 and 27 billion In 1918. The following year they .dropped to $6,400,000,000, They remained at a comparatively low level until Hitler started World War II in 1939. In that year Congress appropriated »11,40,000,000 as the United States started preparing for war. The real big spending started in 1941, the year the Pearl Harbor bombing brought the United States into the war. Appropriations In 1041, the year UM Petrl Harbor bombing brought the United States into the war. Appropriations in 1941 totaled $57,700,000.000 i and soared to 147 billion in 1942 nnd $114.500,000.000 In 1943. In 1944 and 1945 they dipped to respectively. Appropriations in 1948 the first year after the war were $35,700.000,000. They rose slightly, to $35,800,000,000 in 1947. But with the Soviets rattling their swords, Congress got back on the'big spending trail in 1948 and appropriated $41,600,000,000. Two years later, with the military buildup •going strong, appropriations amounted to 81 billion, and In 1951 they passed the 100 billion mark. Appropriations m.idc In 1952 were Bfi billion. This ycnr they tot»l«<J H'/4 billion. _ I and look into operation of every business establishment in town. Sales tax records, .taxes due. on cigarette vending machines, coin- operated music machines and similar devices will be checked. Apparent irregularities will bring a complete audit, Scurlock said. The new procedure, announced yesterday, will be initiated on .an experimental basts. Scurlock said he thought there would be some phsycological value in the canvass, although "we do not in tend-to depend on psychology to collect taxes." He said some businessmen are evading taxes through "Intentional neglect and a lackadaisical attitude..." Inside Toddy'i Courier News ,. , Society News ., . page 2 ... . . . Enlightenment Needed tn Weighing Durkln Case ... Editorials . . . page 4 ... ... Fiirhtlni? Chlckasaw.1 Turn Back North Little Rock 2-0 ... Sports . . . pajrc 5 ... . . . Comics and TctcvlKlnn schedules . . . paft 1,1, Francisco, which had been de scribed as having a serious delinquency problem and juvenile gang activities. Logical Follow Through Capt. John Meehan of the city's police juvenile detail declared he ! could "unequivocally say that there [ are no organized juvenile gangs in San Francisco." He said the committee statement '"seems to be out of the whole i cloth." ! Kefauver termed the new nation- I wide drive a logical follow-through on recommendations of his Senate Crime Investigating Committee, which held spectacular televised hearings in 1950 and 1951. Hendrickson said the group will create a number of national fact- finding committees to look into ju- ventile delinquency as a nationwide problem. He said it will work also through local fact - finding groups composed of police and judicial officials, members of the clergy, welfare workers and others. Hendrickson said the committee could not complete Its job before Its authority expires Feb. 1. But he said he hopes for an extension from the Senate plus a "substantial" appropriation on top ol the S-14,000 already voted it. Eisenhower administration had held prices steady at 93 and 94 per cent of parity. Parity is a standard for measuring farm prices, designed to be fair to farmers In relation to prices they pay. Ouochita College President Named ARKADELPHIA f/PI — Dr. Ralph A. Phelps, Jr., 32. has been named president of .Ouachita College here, the Board of Trustees announced yesterday. Dr. Phelps. a professor at Southwestern Baptist Seminary of Port Worth, Texas, succeeds Dr. H. A. Haswcll, who resigned in August to become executive secretary of the Education Commission of the Baptist General Convention of Texas. Ike Readies For 30-Day Talk Series Administration Policies to Be Discussed WASHINGTON (AP)—President Eisenhower returns from a six weeks' Colorado vacation today and gets set for a 30-day series of cross-country talks on administration policies. He has speak at accepted Invitations to Republican rallies and other meetings in five states and Illinois Senator RepliestoTruman And Stevenson By JACK BELL CHICAGO (AP) — Sen. Dirksen (R-I11) said today President Eisenhower is rapidly cleaning up a "scandalous mess" in a government the Democrats left "studded with Communists." Dirksen lashed out at the former administration as "one of the most riotous, reckless, scandalous administrations in the history of the republic" in replying at the GOP conference here to statements made at a Democratic meeting earlier by Adlai E. Stevenson and former President Truman. Previously, Secretary of Interior McKay told a gathering of women and GOP state chairmen that the federal government has no "divine right" to develop the nation's power resources. He said the Eis- ' enhower administration is going to give states and local communities a voice in such projects. Dirksen picked on a statement by Stevenson that "the greatest beneficiary of the Democratic party in these past few months has been President Eisenhower and I only hope he realizes it." "I'm sure President Eisenhower does," Dirksen said in a prepared address. "What he found when he came to Washington as President made the problems of the Normandy Beach 'invasion pale into insignificance." The Illinois senator said that besides "stalemated war in Korea," Eisenhower inherited "a government which was studded with Communists and Communist sympathizers who seemed to have no difficulty getting into the government and . no difficulty ' 'staying there, even though as early as 1945 FBI reports on the matter had 'lien made available to the President (Truman)." Mentioning the public debt, high taxes and what he called the "dishonest dollar," Dirksen said the Democrats hadn't solved the farm problem. Democrats had contended that the Republicans had no answer to falling farm prices. "Prices were breaking before the last administration left office," Divksen said. "None of their policies, and all of their billions, solved it." CHICAGO <m— Secretary of Inthe District of Columbia—all the j '"''ior McKak said today the feder- way from New England to the Mcxicr.n border. Most of the commitments were made before the Democrats began sniping at the administration's handling of the farm problem in their Chicago meeting early this week and before AFL President George Meany accused Eisenhower of yielding to the influence of big business. In view of this and the fact that much spade work on the major talks had already been completed, some officials say the President will not seek to reply to these critics, preferring, as one put it, not to "engage in verbal duals." At Boston Monday But experience shows White speeches are subject to change •ight up to the time of delivery. And some other officials would not be surprised if the President, at least by implication, took a crack or two at those who have begun ;o unlimber opposition guns. Beginning Monday with a major lolittcal speech in Boston Garden at a night Republican rally, the President has scheduled speeches of varying length and sigmticnnce also in Pennsylvania, Missouri, Louisiana and Texas. A farm speech most likely will >e made Oct. 15 before the Future n armers of America in Kansas -ity, Mo. Here, Eisenhower would have a ready-made audience for a reaaflrmation of his 1952 campaign iledges to farmers—price See IKE on I'asc 8 sup- 'Breng Rlkkl' Soys Great Soviet Game of 'Beizbol' on Downgrade Court House Work Near End The final step in the face lifting )f the county court house here Is being completed today as workmen Jilt the finishing touches on the outside stone by sand blasting. Reflnishlng of the courthouse was begun last November with the paint- 'ing and caulking of the windows, j of interests" as "still another cvl- "cpslrlng the mnsonary foundation dencc o( the unresolved contradlc- or the first and itcond itory halls. I llor.i of capitalist loclcty wtwr* MOSCOW W>—Soviet readers who Ir-arned some time ago that "belz- bol" wns originally a Russian same distorted by the Americans were told today that a battle between big league club owners nnd broadcasters is ruining the game. The newspaper Soviet Sport cited "Brcng Rlkki" (Branch Rickey) of the "Pittsburgsky PIraty" as authority for a decline In the number of "bclzboll" leagues and spectators. With, the World Series in the offing. Soviet sport writer T. B»ysev -saw a "struggle of the two groups science, art, culture, and sport develop under the control of monopolies, where they know only the clink of gold, nnd where raging competition rules in the name of high profits." The writer commented on the creation of a special Senate committee which recommended that owners of baseball clubs be given the right on their own discretion to permit or ban radio and television broadcasts of games. Bclysev added that while the committee so far has decided to the advantagrf of the club owners, "radio and television businessmen" by no means have given up the b«ttl«. nl government has no "divine right" to develope the nation's power resources and the Elsenhower admin- fitration is going to give states and local communities a voice In such projects. But McKay told a rally of Republican women and GOP state chairmen in a prepared address that "We are not planning to give away or permit one person or any group of persons to walk away with any ol this nation's re sources." The Cabinet member's answer to Democratic criticism of the administration's power policies as a "giveaway" program came while President Eisenhower prepared to give the conference here a long- range shot in the arm by stopping off enroute from Denver to Washington at Glenview Naval Air Station, 30 miles northwest of Chicago. Eisenhower will greet a delegation of six representatives of the conference, make a brief speech, gather aboard some members of his family and wing on toward Washington 30 minutes after he lands. The brief stopover apparently was calculated in part to center attention on the Republican meeting, which had been expanded from a workshop session in an effort to answer the Democratic blasts loosed here earlier in the week by Adlal E. Stevenson and former President Truman. The conference program was such, however, that McKay and Sen. Everett Dirksen (R-I11) were scheduled to be speaking at a luncheon about the time the President arrived and few of the delegates would have a chance to see Eisenhower, Democrats Flayed Just as Postmaster General Summerfield flayed away at the Democrats as Communist coddlers at a banquet last night. McKay charged that his Democratic predecessors had been trying to sell the country on the idea that "the federal government, and the federal government only, was authorized, competent and able to build a hydrolectrlc plant on any or all of the hundreds of rivers In the United States." Mrs. F. Peavey Hcffelfinger, Minnesota national commit- :cewoniiin, told a conference session that the United Nations offeri •M COP Ml It* I

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