Page 1 article text (OCR)
BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS i'OL. XLIV—NO. 299 BlythevUle Daily New* Blythevllle Courier BlythevUle H«rald Mluiulppl valley Leader THE DOMINANT MEWSPAPER O> KOBTHEABT ARKANSAS AMD BOUTHEAM IUBBOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 1«, 1949 trtugal May Be *xf Nation on Itlantic Pact List I Diplomats Predict Agreement Despite Some Objections ..By John M. IHglilower VASHINGTON, March 16 (/F) |)lomalio authorities predicted to- that Portugal probably will the proposed Atlnnllc sec- |ty pact despile Portuguese ob- Itlons to Spain's "exclusion" and |ier matters. Portuguese eznbassy statement It night made clear that the Jibon government lias not yet liched a final decision and that leslions about the treaty are sttl Jng asked of the American gover- fticnt. Porgual's chief objection appear- to be its expressed determina- In not to make nny treaty com- Itment which would compel It to •ant peachtime buses to a foreign |wer In the Azores Islands. ":ie government also emphasizes ' It would not join any group o! Iwers which would have the auth- lity to decide by vote that it lould grant bases. •It was [earned, however, that the late Department Is assuring the prtuguese government that 'the leaty would carry no commitmen grant bases and that the other lember powers in the alllanc lauld have no authority to decide lat issue for Portugal. I Optimism among treaty negotia- Irs here as to Portugal's eventually lung up with the other Atlantii Jiwers rested on two things. First iiere was Ihe ready assurance to Jortugal about bases. Second, then las the declaration in the embass; laternent that "the Portuguese gov- rnmcnt was one of the first gov |rnments to express satisfaction the Idea of a pact of the At linttc nations." j Portugal with the Azores, the is •md republic of Iceland and Den liark with oreenland nil contro llghlv strategic positions in th llortft Atlantic. Iceland and Den Iiark have both raised the question fihether they would be compellec the treaty to grant peacetlm 5ses to the United States. The lave been assured- that they wouli lot be. ruman KEY WEST, Fla., March 16~</P I—President Truman maintained |;lght-lipped silence today in th Itace of continous setbacks from tl: |31st Congress. The man who travelled 31,50 nlles last year to denounce th Oth Congress as the "second worst lin history because of its oppositio Ilo his proposals withheld a fina •decision on whether to stump th •country to win a better showin •from Its Democratic-controlled sue Iccssor. Presidential Secretary Charles G IROSS said he had nothing to adc • however, to Mr. Truman's Jefferson •Jackson Day dinner threat to stum Ithe country In behalf of his fal |deal program. He said there has been no officia |discusslon of the. trip here. "Is it safe to say the Prestden I is not happy about the action o I the filibuster, the local option ren 'nutrol bill and the tablituj of th !*i':illgren nomination?" Ross wa I asked. "Yon may draw your own con | elusions," he replied. The tabling by the Senate Armr I Services Committee of the confirm lation necessary for former' Qoi MOM C. WaJgren as chairman I the National Security Resource i Board was a heavy blow to M I Truman, who regards the ex-chief I executive of Washington state as I one of his best friends. This action yesterday piled up L the score Mr. Truman would like to settle with the current Congress, dominated by Democrats, but many I of them Southerners who launcher! filibuster to prevent passage of tho President's civil rights measure?. Mr. Truman also watched from afar as Ills Congressional lieutenants [might a bluer battle with opponents of his labor, rent control and olher proposals. J.S. Soys Russia Sroke Promises To Return POW's WASHINGTON, March 16. CAP) —The United States today accused Russia of violating at least six separate promises to return all Qer- nan war prisoners in Soviet hands iy the end of last year. In a not* delivered In Moscow 'esterday, the State Department In Reel renewed Its demand that Rusia set free the hundreds of thou- ands of German prisoners still beloved In Soviet custody. Russia has claimed that It was never bound by any agreement to repatriate the captured Germans by December 31, 1948. The United States, Britain and France contend that such an agree- nent was reached by the Big Four "orelgn ministers In April of 1941. State Department officials said the exact number of Germans still ;ield by the Russians Is unknown. According to figures furnished by the Russians hi Moscow In April of 1947, 443,165 still were In Russian hands at that time. American officials believe there are at least several hundred thousand more still In Soviet camps. Aldermen Create Park Commission Action on Purchase Of Playgrounds Delayed by Council A five-man Park Commission was appointed by the City Council last night but -\ will have only a "de facto" existence until a favorable ruling by the state's attorney general will permit passage ot an ordinance giving it full status and authority under Arkansas law. The council had been called into special session in city Hall to consider passage of an ordinance authorizing purchase of three lots playground sites but lack of specific authority for a city to purchase real estate for use as parks delayed that action. The council, however, voted to proceed with appointment of a park cominision of five members with staggered terms. Members of thi new commission and their terms are: Jamefe Terry, one year; Alvin Weather Arkansas forecast: Increasing cloudiness and warmer this after- neon and tonight. Turning colder extreme north portions late tonight - and in nprth portion Thursday. Occasional rain late Thursday. Missnuti forecast: Cloudy, rain _ beginning «•«;( a ,,d north tonight. F spreading over southeast Thursday, turning to snow in north. Warm •.onighl and extreme south Thursday Colder Thursday central and north. Low tonight, 35-38: high Thursday, 40-50. Minimum this morning—27. Maximum yesterday—39. Sunset today—6:08, ~~ Sunrise today—6:08. Precipitation 24 hours to 1 a.m today—none. Total since Jan. 1—14.65. Mean temperature imidway Isc- Iwren high and low)- 33. Normal mean for Mnr.-h—51 2 This Date Lasi Year Minimum this morning—£7. Maximum yesterday—64. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date —H.31. Mr. Craftoii said last ntglit tha J. W. Adams had worked with thi Chamber of Commerce Playgroum Committee and the new commls sloners in planning the park set-up City Attorney Percy A. Wrigh cited Arkansas statutes giving citiea authority to set up park commissions but said he could not find authority for them to purchase rea estate with public funds for use as parks and recreation centers. While the statutes do not stat that a city can not buy real estate to use a.5 parks, Mr. Wright said city councils have no implied pow ers. They have only authority spe cifically delegated them by the stall laws, he said. Asks for an Opinion Mr. Wrifht said he has written Attorney General Ike Murry for ruling since the statutes in this case appear "open to question." The commission, can however, accept donations. Of the five sites under consideration by the City Council and the Playground Committee of the Chmber of Com merce. two have been donated. Under Arkansas law, the Par'. Commission members will serve without pay, but can be relmbursei for expenses. A new member wil be named each year, or the out going member reappointed. A surety bond of $5,000 is require! for each member. Premiums on th. bonds can be paid from funds ap preprinted tor use by the commis SLOll. The commission has full contro over any park or recreational are that is set up. It can regulate use See PARKS on Faje 7 Collections Near $3,500 Mark in Red Cross Drive Collections for the 1919 Red Croi Campaign being conducted by th Chickasawbn District now tota 53,453.60, Jack FInley Robinsoi chairman aununced today. Reports made by W. P. Pryo: chairman for solicitation in Blythe ville show that the section froi Broadway to Railroad Streets be Ing canvassed by o. E. Knudse has brought In an additional $442.75 The section from Railroad to Sec ond Street being worked by R. , Morris and C. P. Rambo rcporte $92.50 and Mrs Earl Buckley, chair man for Ward 1, $78.75 and Mrs Wade Jeffries, chairman for War III, Me. William Wyatt, chairman for sol tcitatioris In outlying districts re ported on additional SIO from Man tla's chairman C. w. Tipton; $15 from Milton Hunch, Yarbro chair man; $175 from R. L. Galncs, Pro mlsed Land chairman; and $23 from the Rev. M. L. Grlffcn, chair man of Dell solicitation. There previously hart been n tola of £2.246.60, and today's total wl bring It to S3,453.1.0. Two commun lues, Manila and Gosuell, have ceecied their quotas. The, quota set for Blythevllle I 48.143. and the chapter quota $13,743. World Kftws Roundup— Yugoslavia May 5e Scene of Next ted Turbulence As Balkans Situation Warms Up, Atlantic Pact Signing Hears By The Associated Press Euro)« eyed Yugoslavia and the Balkans with renewed nervousness oday. French Foreign Ministry sources n Paris say the French government Is devoting close attention o reports of some Impending: move by Soviet satellites against Premier-Marshal Tito. Unconfirmed reports trickling out of Yugoslavia tell of domestic trou- )Ies, with Kremlin propiigndu spreading RgRlnst the Belgrade regime. Tlie conservative trleste newspaper UJUsslnio says Tito soon will neet "some Western world personalities In view of the Internal situation in Yugoslavia." Diplomatic and Intelligence sources Iti Istanbul say something may >e about to pop In Yugoslavia. One Imformant said he believed the ovcrlhrow of Tito's regime Is imminent. French Ministry officials say they ud no definite (information of any nmilnent move into the Balkans, Jut concern Is felt' at the prospect of a revival by Russia of an independent Macedonia Idea, which would he likely to encounter stiff opposition from Yugoslavia, Tito has been under fire from Moscow-Hue Communist outside his country ever since the Yugoslav Reds split with the Kremlin and Cominform <Communlst Inlernat- ional Information Bureau.) End Pact Meellng The foreign ministers of Britain, France, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg wound up a tu-o-daj' meet- Ing in London Inst night a/ter a close perusal ot latest developments In connection with the North Atlantic pact, Including arms, needed from the united States. • Most of the European Union's foreign ministers are expected to depart for Washington March 25 to sign the treaty with the U. S., Canada and Norway. Iceland, Italy and Denmark and probably Port- tugal are expected to Join. Premier Ho Ylng-Chln said In Nanking he believes peace negotiations with the Communist <n*U open "very soon." HO is still trying to form a cabinet. He has the problem of finding ministers acceptable to the Communist and at the same time men who will enable the government to present a united front. Sources in Lebanon said today Israeli and Lebanese negotiators had approved the draft of an armistice agreement to be submitted to their governments for ending that phase of the Palestine war. In Athens, police have formally accused Greek Communist Journalist Gregory Staktopoulls and his mother of complicity in the muder of George Polk, Columbia Broadcasting Correspondent. Polk was shot and thrown Into Salonika bay last May. Spectators Flee Blast Wage Agreement Ends Walkout at Lion Oil Co. Plant EL DORADO, Ark., March 16. (/Pi —A 13-day-old stoppage of production at Lion Oil Company's chemical plant ended today. About 420 CIO union workers were back on their Jobs this morning after an apreement was reached with the company over wages. Production was resumed at Hie plant. Morris Akin, spokesman of till CIO oil Workers Union, said the company's olter of 15 cents an hour wajc increase retroactive to last Nov. 1 has been accepted by the workers. The union originally asked W cents an hour boost; the company offered eight. Akin said the new contract provides that a five-cents an hour "cost of living" bonus be eliminated and the base pay be boosted 15 cents an hour. Representatives of the company and the union were to meet here today to iron out other points In the new contract. Just what these points wtre neither side disclosed but representatives of both said they were hopeful of an agreement. The chemical plant was the only one of Lion's units involved in the dispute. Officials of the company would not comment further on the issue Some spectators (foreground) begin to gutter as tunwntlnc drums explode with a terrific roar and burst of flames at the Oakland, Calif., Army base. A raging waterfront fire destroyed the Army's largest west coast dock and warehouse, shooting flames 700 feel inlo the nlr from the 2,000 foot pier. Army authorities estimated dnim.ga at more thnn one million dollars. (AP Wircphoto.) New York Stocks (1:30 P.M. duolalions) 146 3-8 66 3-8 31 1-4 31 7-8 53 7-8 Am. T & T Am. Tobacco ... Anaconda Bclh Steel Chrysler John Deere Gen. Electric Gen. Motors Int. Harvester ... Montgomery Ward J. C. Penney .. National Distillers Sears Hot-buck ... Radio Republic Sleel 24 i-s Socony-Vacuum 16 Slanctard oil N. J 68 1-4 Southern Pacific 41 3-8 u. s, suei ...!!!!.]!!!". W j.i 1949 Legislature 'Most Expensive' Representative Autry Reviews Session at Lions Club Luncheon The recent legislative session was Hie most expensive In the history of the State of Arkansas, L. H. Autry, Mississippi County representative, said yesterday, when he reviewed the session before members of the Blythevllle ,Lions Club, at their luncheon meeting In the Hotel Noble. Mr. Aiitry pointed out that the session was expensive because of the great pressure the lawmakers were subjected to form various state departments, institutions, welfare and public school—all asking for more motley than they had ever had. Appropriations wer» made In the excess of $300,000.000, Including federal Uimis, he said. The representative stated that agencies participating In the Revenue Stabilization Act were allotted funds in excess of $80,000,000. ... and that would call for $12,000.000 I llme for merger activities until Mny School Mergers Delayed by Board Action Involving Three Mississippi County Districts in Abeyance Consolidation action Involving three districts enumerating less thru 350 was delayed by the Count, Board of Education at their quarterly meellng In' (he office of the county Judge »t the Court House yesterday. : Tho delay wns brought about bi a ruling by Attorney General Iki Murry, which stated that all mer gcr proccojice should have been completed before March I to be valid, and although petitions hac been, brought by electors In thr Boynton, Rosa and Btlllmnn dls trials, a consolidation could not l» put In force'by a hearing of thi Ixmrd. According to John Mnyes, sccrc tary of the board, the Senate bll mvnttlng the signature of Cover nor Sid McMath, will exlcnd tin In new revenue. He explained, however, that even though the taxpayers were threatened nnd frightened, they were not particularly hurt, since no new tax levys were authorized. More Revenues Anticipated He explained that the use tax should provide $200,000, the Income tax revisions, $2,500,000, sales tax fiom liquor, wine and beer, Sl.OOO,- 000 and the increased truck license fee.s 5?,000.000, and that the remainder would be received by taxing sales, and income tax collection. According to Mr. Autry the chief recipients of additional funds were the public schools, colleges and welfare. He explained that the schools received nn additional $6,000,000; colleKcs. $1,000,000 and welfare, $5.000.000. Turning to the other side of the action taken In the legislature he reminded the Lions Club members thnt cigarette tax had been reduced by two cents, and farmers would receive S2.500.000 refund on gas for tractor use, and both the proposed three-cent sales lax and restoration of the state ad valorem tax were defeated. $50,000 for District Fair Among the major allocations wns the authorized construction of a *6.200.0DO medical center In Llln» Rock. The Northeast Arkansas District fair, which Is held annually In Blylheville, received an appropriation of 450.000 for the blcnulum for new construction. The Mississippi County Pair Is held In connection with the district fair. In closing his review Mr. Autry said that all legislative sessions were neither better nor worse thnn the public they represented, since their mistakes reflect on the voters and their accomplishments arc a tribute to the people they represent. Prior to Mr. Aulry's talk Joe Bill Mcllaney was Inducted as a new member. Guests of the Lions club Included Richard Sherick of Memphis, John Williams ol Cairo, 111. and Jesse white. 3* 3-» • Blytheville Man Seeks 8, Perm/I for Truck Lines 37 1-8 59 3 24 7-8 55 5-8 45 3-4 IS 1-4 3C 1-2 121-4 LTTTLE ROCK. March 16. M>) — The Arkansas Public Seryice Commission today scheduled hearings April 5 on (he application of Joe D. Marti)), Blytheville, lor authority lo 0)«::.tc a truck line from Blytheville to West Memphis and Joncsboro, from the Arkansas- Missouri state line to Leachville, nnd from O.^reola to Marked Tree and Tiunianu. 1, with a deadline for completion set at June 1. The bill, however tins not been approved, nnd If It 1 not the three districts will becom a part of a large county district which will be under the jurlsdlclloi of the County Board of Ertucntloi and a live-member board to be EC up after June 1. Mr. Maycs explained that th County Board could. In that even 1 annex the three districts to nn of the present districts, ami It wa Indicated that Boynlon wished nn ncxjitlon to Lcnchvllle; siHIrnnn was trying t o establish adequnt enumeration to retain Its district and thnt Rosa hart petitioned fo annexation to Luxora. Enumeration Data Compiled The county board, composed o C. P. Tompkins of Burdeltc, chair man. P. A. Rogers, Clear I.uke. C B. C'hildress of Manila, O. n. Sea gravr.s of Osceola, C. J. Lnwrnnc of Driver and Mr. Maycs, also np proved an adjusted ciinmcrnllon lo the various dish-lets in Mlsstsslpn Sec SCHOOLS on PHRC ^ Operators Ask Lewis to Halt Coal Shutdown PITTSBURGH. March 16. MV A group of hard coal operators to day urged UMW President John L Lewis lo call off Ihc thrce-rtay old mine shutdown in their territory Directors of the Anthracite Op erntors Association at Wilkcsbarrc P.I.. wnt Lewis a telegram saying the two-week work stoppage wa seriously affecting the health an welfare of the entire ahthraclle re glon ol Eastern Pennsylvania. The Iclcgram snld: "Homes, has pttnls. schools and olher public In stituttorts are now short of file Furthermore, present and fuliir anlhracite markcls are being ser lously Jeonardi7ed. For the wel fnre of our employes, our comnnm Hies, our consumers and our Indus try. your 'no work' order should b re-winded as It applies to anthra cite." There was no Immediate commen at United Mine Workers headquar lets In Washington. Mnunvhllc, a district leader o the UMW said he saw no reasm why the work stoppage won't eui ,vs srlirduled on March 28. Some operators have expressci fear the shutdown might contlnu past the deadline set by Lewis fo nffpclcrl mines east of the Mis sistippi River. SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS 'robe of leaks' n Military Data Gets Under Way House Committee Head Starts Formal Security Inquiry WASHINGTON, March 16. W) — Ohntrman Vlnwm (H-Ga) of tho louse Armed Services Committee said today ho has Marled n formal iiquliy into reported leaks of secret nllitnry Information. Ho lold of the move nftcr Hop. Million (O-Tox) ID a Hoitxo speech md accused military official* and -ho Atomic Energy Commission of 'permitting release to tho press and our potential enemies of 1m- ,>orliint inllUury secrets." Rep. Cnso (il-SO) followed Million with n demand for n Oongres- •slomvl Invrallxnlloii of Iho .source of such material and of means lo cut off the How. Democratic Leader McCornuick <Mn.vs> Joined In Case's demand, nut se t off a general uprising In the House uRulusl possible disclosure ot secrete. Rep. short (Mo), senior Republican on the House Ariuod Services Committee, also protested (ho Infonuiillou might help any enemy. Then Vlnson told a re)x>rtcr the matter already is under Inquiry, Discussion In Hie House centered on recent publication In n. rational niaeiiKlne of pictured on atomic in- stiillutloRs. Several speakers, hoiv- 'cver, mentioned olher roix>rt.s on military matters, such n& how Riis- sla could bo bombed. ] Ask* Explanation Vlusou told newsmen ho bus written lo Air Secretary Symington for "a full explanation" of recently published stories dealing with Air Force plans and telling of suggested bombing targets In Russia. "1 n-onld not call Mils nn Invr.sll- gntlon, call It nn Inquiry." ho lold re)X>rleis. Vlnson said he linn no knowledge ot whether actual secret Information bus been released by military officials "or whether tho published stories were merely tho conclusions of tho me.n who wrote- them," "Hut I Intend to Ilmi out," he added. The Atomic Energy Commission, Mahon said, "recently made available to the people and our potential enemies what could appropriately bo railed ft bouibardlcr't^inap show- Ing the exact locution of nil our atomic Installations," "Time does not permit reference to ill-advised statements as to biological warfare developments and the recitation of olher Indiscretion* within and without the government." he added. "Secret discussions before tlio Joint chiefs of stuff, alleged lnfor- mnllon ns lo how we expect to hit 10 vltvd Russian tarKdJi, Informn- tlon as to the content of top secret maps in the Pentagon 'Army headquarters) is recklessly handled about. In the press." "It Is not nn exaggeration to say that America Is giving awny a billion dollars worth of Information each year to potential enemies. Saves Foes' Money "The fact Is Hint, with Ibo infor- miitlon which is being made publlo about the details of our military establishment and as to our future plans, potential enemies can conserve their expenditures and make the best possible apllcation ol their funds. "Military people are not the only offenders. ,7n some Instances Oon gross has not been blameless," McCormack said the pictures of atomic energy installations were of high value to Russia. Russia, McCormack said, would have been willing to pay "millions of dollars" for the published pictures. Case said he had inquired of the Atomic ETiprey Commi^ton about thn. plctuie.s and was given the impression that milllary authorities were responsible for their release. Since military officials have disclaimed responsibility for leaks of secret information, Case said, Con- frrc.i'i should Investigate to find out who Is responsible. Modified 'Gag Plan Faces Showdown As Filibuster Ends WASHINGTON, March 16, (AP)-Its long fi]ibu 8 1 over ami an alliance of Republicans and Southern Dem " in control, the Semite today moved townrd a modi lied tnlk-gugging change in its rules. Bottlers Elect Blylheville Man LeochviHe Man Retains Revenue Department Post Announcement of the re-appoint ment ol Billy Steed of Lenchville as su;,crvlso>- lor District 5 o! the SUUe Revenue Department was marie yesterday In Little Rock by rx-an R. Morlcy, jtate revenue commissioner for Arkansas. Counties in the Fifth District include Mississippi, Cralghe.id, Pain- sett, Greene. Baxter, Clay. Clc- bunie. Pulton, Independence, Iznrcl, Jackson, Lawrence, Randolph, Sharp, stone and White. At the same lime. Mr. Morlcy announced the supervisors for the olher four districts In Ihe stale Th':y are :Firsl, Alfred B. Cooywr of Hickory Ridge. Second, Aubrey Blanks of" Little Rock ;Thlrd, Milton Oates ol Texnrkana, and Fourth, Arnold B. Slkcs of Fort Smith. Syria May Talk Peace DAMASCUS, Syria. March 16. W) —Premier Khalcd Azem was reported today to have told the House of Representatives Syria has agreed July lo begin armlslice taiks with Israel. Mar. Jlmmle Sander* Jlminln Sanders, co-owner of I'op.sl Cola Bottllnx Company In iJIylhovlllc, wns elcclral president of the Aiknnsn.s Dottlers of Cnr- nltt! BevcniKCs, nt the mate coi.vcnllon. wlilch clawd yesterday hi Lltlle Rock. Mr. Sanders Is n pnst president of tho Northenst Arkansas Bottler* Awioclntlon, and Is vlcu president, ot tho Southern Popsl Coin Association. More Hum 300 bottlers attended the .stale convention tlita year. The bottlers adopted n re.wlutlon opposing tho Bnslng Polnls decision of the Supremo Court, handed down lost. April, Hie decision prohibit* manufacturers eriunllzirig Tr fight, The association plans to send copies of their resolution to President Truman, anil senator* nnd congre&i- mrn. Tlio group also recommended the formation of an Insurance committee, (o bo modeled on the one tho bottlers association In Texas has and Ilicy authorized the executive bonnl to set up such a committee A. O. Dlnkc, chairman of the Texas committee, presented the plan to the Arkansas nssoclallon. Two Blytheyille Firms Entered By Burglars City police today are Investlgnt- ln^ the burglnrles Inst night ol two business firms, Both locntcd In the snmc building on Enst Mnln Street Entered were Shields Edwnrds Grocery nnd Fred Fnught's Billiard Pnrlor nt 102 Enst Mnln Street Ohlpf of Police Chnrlea Sliort atntec thnt value of the loot taken from the two Business firms had not beei dclermlnctl. Entrance to the building wns be llcvcd gained through n aide door Chief Short snld. Only a smnl hook wns used to lock the doo: and It Is believed tVmt burglni used a fcnlfc or some other Instrument to pry Ihc hook Inose. A "Juke box" In the billiard parlor wns forced open, Chief Shor said, nnd between i!2 nnd $]3 In smnll change taken and severa cartons of cigarettes were taken from a cnfc In the came pnrt o: the building. Severn! Items of meat nnd other Krocerlc3 were reported tnken from Edwnrds' store. Reds in Italy Blast North Atlantic Pact ROME. Mnrch 16. (m— The Com munlst-Icd General Confedcrntlon of Labor (COIW Issued n nmilfes to today against the North Allan tic nllinnco. The utterance snlrf the pact would expose Itnly, a prospective member "to enormous dangers, not to de fend national interests, but lo seryi Imperialists nnd foreign Interests. 1 The Italian chamber of deputies Is debating a government proposa to adhere to the Atlantic accord. An affirmative vote may come tonight New York Cotton NEW YORK, Mar. 16—1:30 p.m. quotations: Open High Low Lasl ... 3233 3239 3231 3233 ... 3210 3215 3204 3207 ... 3003 3110 3006 3100 ... 2816 2823 2810 28!0 ... 2796 2800 2795 2800 Mnr. May July Oct. Dec. Soybeans + Before the chamber IB a maji backed proposal—bitterly opp ea Ineffective by a minority n up of Trumnn Democrat*—to.' tho "yes" votes of 64 ot the 9fl fctf. • alora end debate on most buslq Republican* »nd Southern _, ocn\U who apousorcd It wrote ij Mils compromise n provision for unlimited debate whenever * motion Is made to change the Senate liles. That's the kind of a motion- undo February 58 by Democrallo xmdcr Lucas of Illinois — which :cpl the Bennte knotted in a flll- uister thnt came to a dramatic md at 11 p.m., Eastern Standard. J'hno, Inst night. At Unit hour, bipartisan clrcu- ators of the compromise announced they had the pledges of 52 mem- >ei-s to support It. and it alone. The Included 30 Democrats and 23 Republicans. At a signal, Senator OHn Johnson (O-SO) ended a four hour and 20 mimito speech. He waa the four- .eenth Dixie lawmaker to hold the floor slnoo the controversy began as I month. Johnstr.n sat down. The filibuster wns over. Senators were summoned by * fliiorum cnll. Whon they had straggled In— Home of them, sleepy-eyed, from cots in nearby cloakroom*—Vice President Bnrkloy called for a Tot« on the motion Lucas had mad* W days before. Ask., Two-Thirds Vote That motion—It carried 78 to 0— wns to lake up a resolution offered by Senator Wherry of Nebrajkr, Iho GOP Iloor leader, and Senator Hayden (D-Arlz). It propose* that two-third* of Senators yptta? be permitted to gag debate'ift anj time. , „ . r Immediately after the vot«'mak- ing that the pending nwaanVbr' fore th« Senate. Wherry Introduced th«>»u!MtIuU« propcuat-^tOlim for a constitutional t«-o-thirda ; ot M senators—«« an amendment.": v That meant th* cubatl.Cute wouli!;. be voted upon J*for» stfte-origlncK resolution; And ctru^,Qt already it . backed by £2 senators It*, accept^ anc« become assured, In the beginning, the simple two- thirds plan was acceptable to Lucas, most of the Truman Democrats nnd most of tile Republicans, But Hie Southerners, lighting any gag that would pave the way foj President Truman's civil rlghtq program, demonstrated by their talli they could balk any action on It. When Truman Democrats rejected earlier compromise efforts; Wherry and Senator Knowland (B- Callt) took the land In forming th« new compromise with the Southerners. Assured that 52 senators will vote down proposals to gag debate either by a majority of those voting ot by 49 senators, the Southerner! Joined wllh the Republicans to taks command of the situation and mova the administration out. From the sidelines, Lucas nai bitter. He told reporters the GOP-Dixl« cornpiomise "closes the door on anj civil rights legislation." He said It will be almost Impossible to get 64 senators to agree to end debate on any controversial mntlcr. He said he will offer a proposal under which 49. a "constitutional" majority of the senate, could accomplish, that result. It seemed doomed to defeat. Wherry retorted that the compromise "opens the door for legislation that wo have not hod before the Sennte In years. "It will revolutionize Senate procedure," he declared. "It will give us an effective cjoture (debate- llmitlns) rule." (F.O.B. Chicago) Open High Low Close 217% 519 215X 216-215?i 212V. 213M 200»i 209M 228-li 220 % 227 J27U-22' Mercury Drops Below Freezing In Dixie States CHICAGO, March 16. (/P)—A mid- March cold snap hit parts of the South today. The mercury tumbled below freezing over areas of Alabama. Mississippi, Arkansas, Georgia and th« Cnrollnas. The cold air spread Into the Dixie area from the middle Atlantic states where temperaturej generally were below freezing. (In Blythevllle, the low this morning was 27.) Chattanooga, Tenn., reported a reading of 21 above. Atlanta's low was 26. The below freezing belt also covered parts of Kentucky and Ohio. The mercury dropped to 18 above at Lexington, Ky., and waa 19 at. Covlngton, Ky. Temperatures are rising over thi northern plains and north cerilrat states but were generally below normal early today. The nation'* coldest spot today was Bemldji, Minn., where the mercury hit flvs below ze.ro. There were a few wet belts. Light snow fell In eastern Montana, the Great Lakes region and In the New England states. Forfeits $45 Bond George W. Calvert forfeited • $45.25 cash bond In Municipal Court this morning on a charge of driving while under the Influence ef liquor.