THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 25, 1986. THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pa»i>», Texas PAGE SfiVEtf ONLY ONE OF NEW DEAL MAJOR ALPHABET BUREAUS TOTAL LOSS By FREDERIC J. HASKIN WASHINGTON, D. C.—Although the New Deal of the Roosevelt Administration has suffered one defeat after another at the hanads of the Supreme Court of the United States, only one major alphabet bureau has been obliterated. Parts tit other agencies, certain activities carried on by them, have been ruled out by the high court, but substantial yestiges remain and large organizations continue to function. In-tUfe first two years of the Roosevelt .administration, far and away the/most spectacular of the alpha- bje't bureaus was the NRA. Those Initials became known probably to more people than the names of some of the executive departments which had been in operation for many years. This fame was due In part to the showmanship of General Hugh S. Johnson who had been named National Recovery administrator. ': With a gift of almost lurid oratory, a knacK for a telling phrase, whether written or oral, and a way of doing things with a bang, he capturecl the imagination of millions of -Americans. The • Washington Corps of correspondents, ever eager for the picturesque as well as the Important and-fundamental in developments at Washington, became voluntary and enthusiastic press agents for the fiery General. His military background, the glamour of West Point, his Unquestioned record for efficiency in shaping the draft in the World war, all these added to his prestige—most of all his actions in his new role. One day he was issuing dynamic statements to the press. The next found him, after a night airplane journey, addressing a business group in a distant city. The following saw him back at Washington laying--down the IE.W to industrial leaders or appearing before a/ Congressional committee. Moreover, he was known to have in a high degree the confidence of President Roosevelt. Then the National Recovery administration itself marked a new departure in American conceptions of government, Just as no other man had held such a job as National Recovery administration, so no such law as the National Industrial' Recovery act ever had been placed on the statute books. It reversed, it inverted ' ideas and practices relating to the conduct of business. It was'inevitable-that General Johnson and the NRA should become famous and come, in the minds of many Americans, to represent the very- genius of the New Deal. For long, other activities appeared pale beside it. Supreme Court Decisions Then, on May 27, 1935, the Supreme court, by a unanimous decision, sot at naught the whole system of NRA control of business as being contrary to the provisions of the American constitution. It devolved on the. president immediately to suspend the operation of the codes. As the codes, governing minimum wages, maximum hours, and many other business practices including price fixing and control of output, constituted the very soul of the NRA. Their suspension meant, the death of this great agency. For a while a diminished force was maintained to clear up the vast- amount of loose ends of administration left over and to • carry on a certain amount of statistical work. Finally, even that remnant was discontinued. Only the ghost of the NRA now hovers over the national capital. It is as dead as the sick chicken, the lawsuit involving which brought the Schechtcr case before the Supreme court, thus ending the great NRA adventure. The'supreme court handed down a decision denying to the Agricultural 'Adjustment administration, the second most famous of the alphabetical bureaus, the right to levy'-.processing taxes upon manufacturers and processors in order to 'ra;ise money to pay farmers benefits-for refraining from production. That this was a blow to the New Deal was not denied. It deprived the- AAA of power to continue in' definitely the gentle rain of checks over,'the'-farms of thp land. Contracts already' entered into had to be car- rie.iv'out so the shower could not stop'w'ith the same suddenness that He'll Present Garner's Name operation of the NRA codes stopped. But, failing some, adequate som-ce of further funds, there must come a halt. But even though the AAA was crippled in its chief function, it was by no means wiped out. There are other activities which remain, and the organization, to the outward eye at least, seems to be as big and vigorous as ever. It survives. It has not joined trie NRA in Hmbo. The supreme court found the first Railroad Retirement act contrary to the constitution and that put a question on the Railroad Retirement board which had been created to administer the law. But this was not a large and important agency. Indeed, It had scarcely begun to function. In the same category comes the Ouffey Coal act. While an office had been set up and preparations made to administer the act, there was but a corporal's guard in office before the supreme court found the law invalid. There have been supreme court decisions which were hostile in effect to New Deal policies, but which did not destroy any agency. The Frazler-Lemke act was declared invalid by constitution, but no organized agency was thereby destroyed. This act provided for certain special measures of relief for farmers deeply in debt. The court held that Interests of creditors could not be destroyed in such a manner, but no organized bureau was obliterated as none had been set up. Then, too, there was a high court decision which found against a part of the Home Owner's Loan act. The decision was on a technical point regarding the change from state to federal incorporation of a building and loan association. The decision was critical of a part of this New Deal legislation, but did not have the effect of eliminating an agency. The Home Owner's Loan corporation has plenty of other activities to bestir it. The decision of the supreme court which has, by many observers, been regarded as the most far- reaching in its economic effects of any was the decision in the gold clause cases. This was, in the main, a victory for the 'New Deal gold policy as the chief points involved were ruled on in accordance with the president's contentions. Other aspects of the policy were criticized but this resulted in the abolition o£ no bureau or agency, for there was nothing to abolish. The issue involved merely a general policy, almost one might say an abstract policy. Not a man lost a job because of the decision, so far as the government service goes. The court's decision in the Tennessee Valley authority case was a victory for the government and a vindication of one of the pet New Deal schemes. The right of the government to sell power was upheld. There are. other aspects of the law which may come before the court. There is always a possibility that some lawsuit may result in the court's decreeing the almost complete downfall of the TVA, but as matters now • stand that agency stands apparently as firmly as the Norris Dam or the surrounding everlasting hills. In recapitulation, then, while the New Deal has been considerably buffeted and knocked about by the supreme court, therNRA is the only ghost that stalks around the national capital. said, "the commercial life of Texas, especially North Texas, still Hows from St. Louis. That's been true since pioneer days." On the day Gov. Allred was to meet President' Roosevelt at Texarkana, he flew to Waco where he addressed a convention of peace officers, then to Palestine, where he met Mrs. Allred, and the two boarded a train for Texarkana. Although Mrs. Allred went to Palestine by railway it was no indication she had not flown or especially disliked it. Nor had she made objection to the governor flying. "I don't fly much," she said later, 'but I'm not afraid of it. I don't have many opportunities. Moreover there are the children. Jim Boy has gotten sick in a plane." For Centennial opening day, Allred flew to Dallas, leaving Austin late one afternoon while Mrs. Allred left by train before noon. They arrived in Dallas about the same time. At the Democratic national convention in Philadelphia, Gov, James V, Allred of Texas, above, will have an enjoyable role. He is scheduled to otter for renomi- nation the name of his good friend, Vice President John Nance Garner. Just what part the secret servic plays in guarding the preslden was not quite clear to inexperience< observers during the visit of Mr Roosevelt in San Antonio. Very few secret service operative were recognized as such and report were there were not as many alon as most people thought. It was sug ested they were mingling with B crowd. "The secret service depends a real deal on psychology," said a eace officer. "That's one of the easons for the advance bally-hoo nd the mystery. "If the crowd thinks there are million secret service men about nd doesn't know where, It is likely a observe the rules." The first daily news broadcast ever given at a world fair has been naugurated at the Texas Centennial Exposition. International news reports will be given from 6 to 6:05 3. m. daily over the Exposition network. Housing problems of visitors to the Texas Centennial Exposition during the first 10 days were solved on a gigantic scale as the Centennial Housing Bureau placed 63,000 persons at an average cost of $1.75 per day. _ Police within and about the Texas Centennial Exposition grounds an really walking information booth: rather than bogey men. That goe for traffic officers too, said Rober L. Jones, Chief of Dallas police. "A visiting driver would have to d something awfully bad and reall prove himself an incorrigible befor we would give him a ticket," h said. .1STOL SHOT JEOPARDIZED LIFE OF BARRYMORE SIRE AT MARSHALL MARSHALL, June 25, (/P)—Interest In Texas history incidental to he celebration of the state's Centennial has revived the story of a pistol shot that jeopardized the life of the founder of the Barrymore family of actors. The shot struck Maurice Barrymore, a leading actor of his day and father of the Barrymores of this generation, in the shoulder a few seconds after Ben Porter, a fellow actor, was shot and killed at a railway station here. That was in 1878, when Marshall, because of its railway facilities, was the eastern gateway for theatrical companies touring Texas. Theatrical troups invariably stopped here for performances at the Opera House, with its kerosene footlights and the primitive trappings of its day, and then went on to Dallas, Fort Worth, Austin, Waco, San Antonio Houston and Galveston. Several accounts of the Incident have appeared, the one usually accepted coming from Clifton Seymour, then a messenger boy who saw much of the occurrence. Seymour told his story several years ago in the Frontier Times, a month- ly publication devoted to Texas history and published by J. Marvin Hunter at Banderia. Barrymore, Seymour said, was nursed back to health by Miss May Cummings, member of his company and over whom the shooting as- sertedly took place. Jim Currie, a railroad locomotive engineer, was charged with the shooting but was acquitted. It was a winter night, Seymour' chronicle related, and a compna; headed by John Drew had pre pared to take a midnight train afte a performance. Barrymore, Porter and Miss Cum mings were sitting in a lunch stani near the station when Curri entered. Exactly what started the trouble Seymour was unable to say. "When I first saw Currie," h related, "he was addressing a maud lin remark apparently to the the atrical company. "Just at the moment, actor Be Porter got up and said somethin about being unarmed but that h would defend a lady from insult. A this remark, Currie jerked out h big pistol and the shooting com- menced. The train caller and I lodged out to the platform. Peer- ng through the window, we saw Porter stagger and fall over dead. "By this time the debonair Mau- Ice Barrymore was on his feet. I saw. him glance at Ben Porter. His eyes snapped as he pushed Miss Cummings behind him and faced 3urrle. He must have known, he did not have one chance in ten thousand as he stood in front of Currie. "There was another shot and Barrymore, with a bullet through his shoulder, staggered and collapsed." Read The News Want-Ads. BUTTONS ARE SMART THIS SEASON 1 Self-covered buttons are Important this season. Let us cover them for yon. HEMSTITCHING Let us Hemstitch that new summer dress for yen. Singer Sewing Machine Co. Phone 689 214 No, Cnyler CAPITOL JIGSAW By HOWARD 0. MARSHALL HILL'S Shop First at Hill's AUSTIN, June 25, (/P)— If you want a real thrill out of the Centennial exposition, says Gov. James V. Allred. go there at night. "It is the most beautiful thing I ever laid eyes on," he said. "The lights afford a magnificent spectacle." On opening day the governor toured the grounds with Lieut.-Gov. Walter F. Wodul but said they did not go through the "Streets of Paris." Before the exposition, the governor frowned on the suggestion that nude or semi-nude women be put on display. A number of business men from St. Louis visited the Centennial, making the trip on a special train. Reports were that more wanted to go than could be accommodated. The interest of St. Louis in the exposition recalled an incident during the nationwide "bank holidays" several years ago. The government had made plans for re-opening banks gradually beginning with those at strategic centers. A newspaper editor requested special information on what the banks at St. Louis would do. "Whatever people may think," he SATURDAY ONLY MUSLJN Extra Quality 5' YD. Limit 8 Yds. to Customer Hill's can always fill your every vacation need,. . plenty of .sales people to serve you and with Quality Merchandise and most reasonable prices. ... Shop lust at Hill's, where First of all reliability makes its home. YESTERDAY'S STARS (lly The Associated I'russ) Earl Averill, Indians—Hit three homers in doubleheader defeat of Athletics. Mell Ott, Giants, and Jim Weaver, Pirates—Former's two run homer was major factor in opening game victory in doubleheader, while Weaver's three hit pitching clinched nightcap. Joe Di Maggio, Yanks—Hit two homers and two doubles to set pace for 18-11 triumph over White Sox. Marv Owens, Tigers—His eight- inning homer provided winning run against Red Sox. HAPPY RELIEF FROM PAINFUL BACKACHE Caused by Tired Kidneys Many of those gnawing, nagging, painful backaches people blame on colds or strains are often caused by tired kidneys—and may be relieved when treated in the right way. The kidneys are one of Nature s chief ways of taking acids and wastes out of the blood. A healthy person should pass about 3 pints a day and so get rid of more than 3 pounds of waste matter. If the 15 miles of kidney tubes and filters don't work well, waste stays in the body and may become poisonous. It may start nagging backaches, leg pains, loss of pep and energy, getting up nights, swelling, pufflnesa under the eyes, headaches and dizziness. Don't let it lay you up. Ask your druggist for Doan s Pills —used successfully by millions for over 40 years. They give happy relief and will help to flush out the 15 miles of kidney tubes. Get Doan's Pills. LADIES' PAJAMAS Hill's stock of ladies' cool Pajamas and gowns is complete with beautiful prints as well as pastel shades—all sizes. SUMMER FABRICS 33 YD, One special table of summer dress materials consisting of lace cloth candlewick sheers, voiles and organdies. These values run to 69c, all included. Why Gulf has anew Gas for June JUNE 19 IHi MONTH of romance— an4 the jnpnth for a >feu> Gu " gas specially jefined; for summer driving; For as the ten»P« raturie climbs, the formula of your gasoline must be changed, Otherwise you don't get top Wilwge-part of your fuel blows out yoiir exhaust uuburtied, wasted! Try That Good Gulf—it's "Kept in Step with the Calendar" so that all of it goes to tiotif of it $o& waste. Sold j»t the of |h« Orange Disc; THAT GOOD GULF LADIES' SILK SLIPS One special number of Ladies' All Silk Slips in extra full lengths, Adjustable shoulder straps, and full shadow proof fronts, 79- Men's UNDERWEAR Extra full cut, ath- etic unions, closed rotch. Pull seat. Re- nforced ribbed waist line. 49< MEN'S POLO SHIRTS SILK CREPES 69 Short sleeve, both button and lace neck, in colors of Gold, Blue and Brown, Rough crepes and printed silks, these are former values to 98c, Friday and Saturday with a limit of 4 Yds. to the customer at this low price. 39 MEN'S SUMMER UNIONS Short sleeve, Three Quarter length, porous knit, Unions, Sizes 36 to 42. 25 CHILDREN'S ANKLETS One table of Children's anklets. Values to 19c. Friday and Saturday only, your choice 8' CHILDREN'S PERRY TOG SUITS Keep the kiddies cool on your vacation trip with these short sleeve Perry Tog Suits. Others To 98c 39* CHILDREN'S KID-IN-ALL SUITS Serviceable suit that will stand that out-of-door vacation romp. All fast colors and all sizes. 49- LADIES' PURSES Closing out of all summer hand bags, we are including these beautiful shades of Yellow, Blue, Tea- rose, and White, all $1.98 Values I 49 LADIES' GLOVES This Vacation Sale of Ladies' Fabric Gloves include Chamoisettes, Lace, and Summer Knits, in colors of Gold, Brown, White Pink, etc. Values up to 98c.
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