Weofher OoHook Fair, Warmer Tuesday (Details on page 8) 128th Year, 16 pages FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD Freeport, Illinois, Monday, July 21, 1975 Nationwide Postal Employe Strike Is Averted V WASHINGTON (UPI) - A tentative agreement was Beached early today averting the possibility of the first nationwide postal strike, and Postmaster General Benjamin Bailar predicted it would spawn increased mail prices this year. Negotiators for the U.S. Postal Service and unions representing 600,000 workers agreed on the new pact slightly more than two hours after the midnight Sunday deadline. Postal wages, "one element of our cost... are going to go Up ' under the new two-year contract, Bailar said, reiterating his prediction the increases will bring higher-cost mail service to Americans this year. May Lift Turkish Arms Ban WASHINGTON (UPI) - House Republican Leader John .J. Rhodes pre- licted today Congress will approve re- noval of the ban on the sale and shipment of American arms to Turkey. Rhodes spoke to reporters after a meeting at which President Ford discussed the issue with Republican confessional leaders. He said Ford "still eels very strongly" the ban should be Iropped to help in mediation of the Greek-Turkish dispute over Cyprus The GOP leader said he thinks a House bill to partially restore military lid to Turkey "will be adopted" in a :rucial vote later this week. A broader Senate bill already has been approved. On Sunday, thousands of Greek- Americans rallied on the Capitol steps n opposition to resumption of Turkish aid. • They cheered and waved Hags and signs as a message from Archbishop Makarios, the Cypriot leader, was read to them - warning that "resumption of American arms to Turkey would be disastrous to peace in our region." In a telegram read to the rally marking the first anniversary of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, Makarios said President Ford's proposed renewal of arms sales would deepen the Cypriot crisis and threaten stability of the Mediterranean area. "Is Ford a U.S. President or a Turkish agent?" one sign carried by demonstrators said. Others were critical of Secretary 61 State Henry Kissinger. Police estimated 4,000 persons were at the rally. Gbngress*''angered that American^ supplied weapons were used in the invasion of Cyprus, imposed a ban on arms aid to Turkey Feb. 5 until the Cyprus crisis could be resolved. . Turkey has begun renegotiating the future of 26 American military bases there in efforts to get the aid restored: Ford and Kissinger, saying the bases are vital, have lobbied to get the ban dropped. The Senate has agreed to the negotiation. The House has scheduled a vote this week on a compromise approved by the International Affairs Committee. Teresa Loses Her Fight To Leukemia CHICAGO (UPI) - Nineteen-year- old Teresa Sadauskas opened her eyes, drew a deep breath and died, her yearlong fight against leukemia ended. She had known for some time death would come soon. But still she fought, living days longer than her doctors had given her. : "Just about everybody was here," Alice, her 29-year-old sister, said minutes after Teresa's death Sunday night. Alice said her parents, four sisters and Teresa's twin, Ted, were "holding their own. "The financial situation of the Postal Service is pretty grim," he said. The agreement, which will take about a month to ratify, came 81 days after the start of bargaining that chief federal mediator W.J. Usery called some of the "toughest I've been in." Although neither,side was entirely satisfied, union leaders predicted the pact would be accepted. Different procedures by each of. the four unions involved account for the lengthy ratification process. Salary and fringe benefit terms were not disclosed*. Bailar said the settlement struck "a proper balance" between the interests of the postal employes and the American public. • James Rademacher, president of the 193,000-member National Association of Letter Carriers, AFL-CIO, agreed "The contract was the best possible we could get," he said He added that bargaining made it "very evident" post workers must have "the benefit of the right to strike." "I anticipate ratification by a large majority," he said But he indicated everyone will not be happy with the pact "We must realize that if we 6utpiice ourselves we won't even have a job," he said. p r' P resldent of the 318,000-member American Pos al Workers Union, AFL-CIO, also said the settlement was not going to make every member ... happy."« Rademacher said union negotiators "were able to preserve the no-layoff guarantee" - a key issue that "was solved in the last moment." Retention'of the clause was opposed by the Postal Service and apparently deals a blow to its plans to streamline some operations and cut down its payroll, one of the largest in private industry. F Union sources also said they had retained previously won cost-of-livlng raises. Mideast Plan Near RUSSIAN FLIGHT TECHNICIANS monitoring the Apollo- Soyuz space flight at the Johnson Space Center in Houston,* Tex., share congratulations with each other as the Soyuz made a successful soft landing in U.S.S.R.'s central Asian wheat belt earlier today. The technicians and people around the world were treated to live TV of the event. - UPI Photo. Socialists, Communists Still Clash In Portugal LISBON (UPI) - Four Communist party headquarters came under attack in the north today despite the military regime's warning that it would tolerate no further violence in Portugal's five- day-old political crisis. A mob ransacked one party office in Estarreja, firebombs destroyed ah- Bill To Cut Price Of 'New' Oil Vetoed WASHINGTON (UPI) - President Ford today vetoed legislation that would have rolled back the price of "new" domestic oil by about $2 per barrel. Press Secretary Ron Nessen announced Ford's decision to reporters at the White House. He said Ford and his energy advisers believed the bill would increase U.S. reliance on foreign oil imports. The President's energy advisers unanimously recommended the veto during a meeting Saturday. Republican congressional leaders met with Ford earlier today and some, including House GOP Leader John J. Rhodes, predicted Congress would reject the President's proposal to gradually decontrol the price of "old' oil over a 30-month period. But Rhodes held out the possibility Ford and Congress could compromise. The bill vetoed by Ford today gained final congressional approval Thursday. It would have continued Ford's authority to control the price of "old" oil through this year and roll back the price of "new" oil to $11.28 a barrel. The current world market price is about $13.25 a barrel. New oil is that which is produced from wells drilled since 1972. Old oil is that produced from wells in operation before 1973 and is currently controlled at $5.25 a barrel. Federal pric': controls .on oil will end Aug. 31 unless new legislation is passed. An end to controls would mean the consumer would pay sharply higher prices for oil and gasoline. He also said Ford's veto would be sustained, but predicted Congress in turn would vote down Ford's proposal. Rhodes told newsmen there is growing recognition in Congress that the public wants no stalemate on energy. He said he also senses a rising tide for decontrol of prices. Nessen told newsmen Ford's energy proposal aims at making America independent of foreign oil supplies. Ford wants decontrol over a 30-month period so the consumer will feel only a •gradual price rise at>the service station. ' . Under Ford's plan, gasoline would go up a penny a gallon by the end of this year and a total of 7 cents a gallon by 1978. (See additional story, page 12). other in Val de Cambra and attackers clashed with Communist defenders outside two others in Mortagua and "Moirfienta da Beira." No injuries were reported in the latest in a series of attacks against the Communist party, whose dominance within the military regime is one of the causes of the crisis. A Communist communique blamed reactionaries and said there was an "urgent necessity to impose democratic order:" The army had warned it would react with "the greatest vigor" to any more such violence following a weekend of clashes that left two dead. Police said some Socialists were among the attackers. The Socialist party, the country's largest, has demanded the resignation of Premier Vascb Goncalves. It said he' was partial to the minority Communists. The military rallied around Goncalves, pledging support and publishing a manifesto in which he declared capitalism to be Portugal' No.l enemy. Both the Armed Forces Movement and Communist labor unions reaffirmed their confidence in Goncalves to form a new cabinet and lead the country out of a sometimes violent crisis caused by the withdrawal of two moderate parties from the coalition .government. The AFM released a Goncalves manifesto declaring his intention to turn the country over to the workers. He said "the only exclusive enemy is capitalism and all organizations or isolated elements directly or indirectly serving it." It came as the 28-man Revolutionary Council he heads was going into another crisis session. But the departure of one key member, Gen. Itelo de Carvalho, for a week's study of the Cuban revolution indicated no immediate plans to announce a solution. Carvalho, the military security chief, said he would return immediately if events warranted it. By United Press International Egypt and Israel were reported near agreement today on a new three-year Middle East peace ' plan which the United States would supervise in a watchdog capacity. The strongest report came in the Beirut newspaper Al Anhwar which said in a Cairo dispatch that all major disputes had been settled except for duration of the pact, with Israel seeking a five-year pact and Egypt agreeing only to a three-year pact. The well-informed Tel Aviv newspaper Ha'aretz said the Israeli proposals transmitted to Egypt have received the support of the United States and in a dispatch from Washington, said U.S. Ambassador Herman F. Eilts had been instructed to favorably recommend the proposals to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. Sadat met today in Cairo with his leaders to discuss the proposals. The basic proposals were that Israel • would withdraw from the Mitla and Gidi passes in the Sinai, that Israel would give up the Abu Rudeis oil fields, that the U.N. peace keeping mandate be extended, that Egypt would sign a peace agreement one step below a pledge of nonbelligerency and that the United States would use modern electronic technology to oversee the truce. Ha'aretz said that if agreement is reached between the two countries then Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger can be expected to return to the Middle East in mid-August. Defense Minister Shimon Peres, the major hardliner in the Israeli cabinet and. a member of the team that negotiates with Kissinger, has agreed to the new proposals and thus has paved the way for parliamentary support of a new pact with Egypt, newspaper reports said. In the Sinai itself, Tel Aviv dispatches said Israeli and Egyptian troops on both sides of the U.N. buffer zone are taking precautionary meas- ures because the U.N. mandate guarding the cease-fire line may not be renewed when it expires Thursday. The Israeli military sources would not detail the precautionary measures but described them as low-keyed on both sides. They said there was increased activity on the Sinai roads but that U.N. forces have not been placed on an alert. There were some indications in Israel that an agreement might be reached although the Beirut report was much stronger. A government official said in Jerusalem that Israel is past the stage of seeking clarifications from Egypt and is waiting to hear from Cairo whether it accepts the new Israeli proposals. The government-run radio said the outcome of the negotiations was now up to Egypt "and depending on Egypt's answer to the latest Israeli proposals an agreement could be reached within days." The Beirut dispatch said Egyptian President Anwar Sadat has agreed to four of the five points carried to him from Washington Sunday night by U.S. Ambassador Herman F. Eilts. Under the agreement, it said, Israel will make the territorial concessions that Egypt has insisted on all along, withdrawal ^rom the MUla and Gidl passes in the Slnal and the Abu Rodeis oil fields. It said U.S. personnel will man electronic listening stations to monitor the military moves of both sides. The newspaper said Sadat was also expected to announce within the next few days "an act that will demonstrate Egypt's good intentions towards peace efforts." Sadat is scheduled to make what Radio Cairo has said will be a major policy statement on Middle East peace moves in a speech before the Arab Socialist Union's newly-elected national congress Tuesday night. Anderson To Lead Red China Visit WASHINGTON, D.C.-Cong. John B. Anderson of Rockford today accepted a personal invitation from President Ford to lead a bi-partisan Congressional delegation on a 10-day visit to the People's Republic of China in August. 'The choice of Anderson underscored the Rockford Republican's high stature with the Ford administration. "This Is a welcome opportunity for me to increase my knowledge of the future of Chinese-American relations first hand during the August Congressional recesss," Anderson said in accepting the chairmanship offer. The visit begins Aug. 20. The trip will be sponsored by the Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs, an arm of the People's Republic government. Details of the informational tour, which was .agreed to in principal during Secretary of State Henry Kissenger's 1974 trip to Peking, are now being worked out by the State Department. A congressional group headed by Senate majority leader Mike Mansfield of Montana visited China earlier this year. President Ford In a letter to Anderson expressed pleasure at his willingness to go. "Having visited there, I am certain you will find the journey most interesting," Ford wrote. Recognizing that some may criticize American dealings with Red China, Anderson said "As a trading nation, we cannot ignore countries with one fourth the world's population. "Despite the hostility that has existed between the United States and China in the past, there are vast opportunities for commercial, technical' and cultural Interchanges between the two countries," Anderson said. "I am sure that my participation in this delegation will give me a much greater understanding of the Chinese system and people, this knowledge will enable me to make necessary decisions in foreign policy and trade legislation more effectively." The upcoming trip will be Anderson's first visit to Communist China. The congressman was in the Far East during the Easter recess for a tri-lateral conference. Prior to his election to Congress, Anderson was a foreign service officer for a time, serving in Germany. Cosmonauts Back Safely "SEVERAL THOUSAND GREEK-AMERICANS rallying in Washington Sunday heard a message in a telegram from Archbishop Makarios which was a warning that resumption of U.S. military aid to Turkey would be* "disastrous to peace." The group formed at Capitol Hill and marched down Pennsylvania Avenue past Lafayette Park near the White House and disbanded. The White House can be seen in the background. - UPI Photo. HOUSTON (UPI) - Russia's two Soyuz cosmonauts landed gently and triumphantly in a cloud of dust on a Central Asian prairie today, carrying five United States flags to symbolize their historic meeting In space with three Americans. The world watched on television as Valeri Kubasov, 40, and Alexei Leonov, 41, emerged smiling from their scorched spaceship after it came to rest on its side in the middle of the wheat belt, of Kazakhstan. Moscow control said they were in excellent health. "This is wonderful place," Kubasov said after he climbed from the Soyuz capsule and greeted rescuers with a bear hug. "It is a happy place of landing. I will remember it always." Leonov, obviously tired from his six days in space, staggered slightly when he emerged and said, "It was difficult, very difficult. We are a bU shaky due to tiredness and to happiness." U. S. astronauts Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand and Donald "Deke" Slayton remained in orbit for three more days of scientific work. Their Apollo, 3,450 miles to the east at the time of the Soyuz landing,, is due to return to a Pacific Ocean splashdown Thursday. The astronauts were asleep when their comrades returned to earth but later radioed congratulations. One of the Apollo experiments planned for today - a scan of the sky with an x-ray detector - was delayed because of frouble with the Instrument. But the pilots went ahead with I plans to make earth observations and measure dust particles in the atmosphere. The Soyuz was eased to a gentle landing at 6:51 a.m. EDT by a big parachute and the cushioning of four landing rockets fired a few feet off the ground. The thrust from these rockets • kicked up much of the dust. The Soyuz came down only six miles from its bullseye 33 miles from the town of Arkalyk. The site was 310 miles northwest of the Baikonur Cosmodrome from which the cosmonauts rocketed away last Tuesday-. Television cameras aboard two helicopters followed the big orange and white parachute and the capsule swaying below it for five minutes before the landing, described as a "thump- down" by U. S. officials. It wasthe first telecast of the end of a Soviet spaceflight. Russia's leaders quickly radioed congratulations to the spacemen and praised the joint project as a major step in cementing peace and furthering cooperation between the two superpowers. Leonov and Kubasov replied in a special message to Russia's officials: "In this space flight, important tor the cause of peace and progress of all the peoples of the world, we were inspired by the high assessment of the work of scientists, designers, workers, cosmonauts and the warm words of greeting by Leonid Brezhnev.
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