THE lOLA REGISTER State Historical Society Topeka, Kansas Comp. VOLUME XLVni No. 84 The Weekly KegiBter, EsUbliBlied 1867: The loU Daily Register, Established 1897. lOLA^ KAS., THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 1, 1945. Snocauor to The Tola Daily RcgiUer, Ths lola Daily Record, and Tola Daily Index. EIGHT PAGES Yanks Punch Deeper Into Siegfried Line Amazed At Light Resistance Lack of Artillery Fire Indicates Germans May Have Pulled Out for a Stand Farther Back Pari.s, Feb. 1. (A?) — Shock troop.s of the Fir.st x*' and Ninth divisions penetrated deeply into the central Siegfried Line *(oda.v and era.sed the ve.stipre of the bulge driven into the American Fir.st army front before Christma.'s. Patrols of Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hedges' Fir.st army stormed the Siegfried line rampart-s in three .sectors, encounterin? opposition ranging from scant to heavy. His Ninth division advanced more than two miles through Hitler'.^ West Wall and ran into heavy ma- L -hinegun and rifle fire in an attack on the main enemy supply crossroads nine miles southeast of Monschau. Fighting was in a dank fir forest. .Meet Light Resistance The fighting First division penetrated the Siegfried line at a point 16 miles east of Malmedy, meeting only negligible opposition. The Second division likewise drove ahead. The 82nd airborne division entered the outskirts of Loshelm, which Ls Inside the lightly manned Siegfried line—drained by exigencies of the Russian front. An eerie silence covered the big Na2i guns In the lines, but American artillery of both the First and Third army laid a barrage on the fortiflcatioiis along a 40-miIe sec- 1 tor opposito Belgium and Luxem^ bo'urg. Tne heaviest enemy resistance was limited strictly to small arms and accurate mortar screening. Troops frankly were amazed at the complete lack of artillery and. in most cases, the enemy's reluctance to stand and fight. Defense Weakening The First army alone captured 1,332 prisoners in the 24 hours to midnight, its largest haul since Jan. 3. That was a commentary on German morale. "The absence of strong German reaction suggested the possibility that the Germans have jerked everjlhing farther back," AP correspondent E. D. Ball reiwrtcd from the First army .sector. Tne German cross-Rhine holdings north and .south of Stra-sbourgh also \began to collapse, reflecting a weakening of the enemy along the whole Western Front. Roads Are Jammed Allied planes spotted heavy Ger(Continued on Page 8, No. 4) "American Warships Nearing Corregidor" (By thfl .\s3ociated Press) American warships are nearing CoiTegidor while others in Subic Bay are .shelling northwestern Bataan peninsula m the Philippines, unconfirmed Tokyo radio broadcasts reported today. "The enemy is .sending warships to the vicinity of Corregidor island," one broadcast .said. •From Corregidor (at the entrance of Manila bay) cruising of American shipping in adjacent waters is reported." Vern Austin A Suicide The Weather KANSAS— Cloudy, snow this afternoon, tonight and Friday exc^ mixed with freeziniT rain or drizzle extreme south and extreme west; moderate snowfall east portion; little change in temperature except slightly warmer extreme east tonight; lowest temperatures tonight middle 20 's. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday 28, lowest last night 18; normal for today 34; deficiency yesterday 15; deficiency since January 1, 81 degrees; thLs date last year— highest 48; lowest 27. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, T; total for this year to date, .54; deficiency since January 1, .81 Inches. Sunrise 8:27 a. m.; set 6:45 p. m. Thermo^ph Readings Endlnf 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m 10 9 p. m -.22 10 a. m 12 10 p. m 20 11 a. m 18 12 noon '. 23 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. 8 p. m. ...26 .27 ...28 ...28 .28 ...28 ...26 ...24 11 p. m. 20 12 m 20 1 a. m -.20 2 a. m 20 3 a. m. 20 4 a. m. 20 5 a. m 20 6 a. m ' 20 7 a. m -.19 8 a. m 18 Russian's Story Rebuilds Faith In Democracy "Anything Can Happen," a recent addition at the lola Public Ubrarv, is a joyful book and one which will rebuild your faith in democracy and America. George Papashvily, a native of Georgia in Russia, migrated to the United , States convinced that it ' was a place where anything coiild happen. Nearly ever^hlng did happen to George during the twenty years which foUoA'ed. The story of his adventures, his triumphs and failures. Is vividly tcld by his wife, Helen Papash- vilj-. An lolan who has read it .says that "Anything Can Happen" should be on the "must, list" of everyone who loves Americi. Those who are interested in the art of ceramics will be delighted with "The Book of Potterj- and Porcelain" by Warren E. Cox which is said to be the most complete volume on this subject. Containing more than 2000 photographs it covers the history, technique aqd development of ail types of china, pottery and porcelain. Win Durant's "Caesar and Christ" is the third volume in the author 's ."^erles entitled, "Tlie Stoi^ of Civilization." Like the others ^. is an Independent and self contained volume and deals with the Igng story of Rome's rise to dominance over the Mediterranean world and Its subsequent decline. The book contains many parallels to jnodern history and Dr. Dtirant pr *ents them lui^db'. Rome, for example, had Its pork barrels. Its WPA. its OPA and many other of the social and political conditions which we today believe |\are unique and without precedent. Ssrt Georgre T. Garvie Wounded in Action Sgt. George T. Gdrvie, son of Mrs. Roberta J. Garvie, 219 North 12th street, Humboldt, was wounded in action in Europe recently according to a release by the war department received here today. No details were available. Vern N. Austin, a member of one of Allen county's best known families, was found 'd'ead ihLs morning on the enclosed back porch of his home about two and a half miles north of lola on State street. Dr. A. R. Chambers, coroner, reported that Austin had killed himself -toy placing a shot gim in a window and discharging the weapon. Most of the upper part of his head was blown oft by the blast. No note was found and the motive for the act is not known. Friends of Mr. Austin say that he was deeply concerned about the war and that this might have been a contributing factor. He wa.s a veteran of the first World War. Mr. Austin was bom In Rice county but came to Allen county at an early age with his parents and has! lived here since then. He was active in the Farm Bureau, the 4-H club and other farm organizations. He was 54 years old. He leaves a son. Pvt. Charles Austin. H. A. A. F., Hobbs, New Mexico; two daughters. Miss Ruth Austin, Wichita, and Miss Margaret of the home; two brothers. Luther and Ira, and a sister. Miss Nellie, all living on the Austin farm. Vern Austin lived alone in a small house about a half "mile north of the larger home occupied by his brothers, sister, and daughter. The body was found late this morning by Ira Austin who became alarmed when his brother did not call to take the daughter. Margaret, to lola where she^ is attending school. After taking the girl to school Ira went to his brother's house and discovered the tragedy. Death had occurred several hours previously, officials said. Funeral arrangements have not been completed and will be announced later by the Sleeper mortuary. Smash Closer To Berlin Red Array "Units May Be Less Than 39 Miles From Capital As Forces Mass for Final Push Snatch 513 Prisoners From Japs Empty Camp 25 Miles Behind Enemy Lines omage To Ragged Captives The War at a Glance By JAMES F. KING London, Feb. 1. (AP) — The Russians with their fast- paced tanks and infantry have smashed to the banks of the Oder northwest of Kustrin at a point about 39 miles or less from Berlin, the German high command announced today. It was possible that the Russians were even closer than 39 miles, for the German communique did not give the exact location of the pe'n- etration to the river. The Oder swings to within 28 miles of Berlin fRv the A««<>ciiit«l Prenri) The Western Front: Nazi withdrawal from SiegfHed outposts hinted as Americans advanced with ' artillery support; Nazi abandonment of Rhine bridgehead north of Strasbotu'g *ug- gested by American capture ot Oambshelm; French closed in on Coimar. The Russian Front: Berlin said Russians reached vlclnty of Kus- trln In Oder valley, 39 miles or less e^£t of Berlin, as crucial Oder 'battle loomed; Russians captured Beyersdorf, 63 miles north^t of Berlin; trip on Konlgsberg tightened; Oennans said 0der In Silesia was crossed at several places; Russians drove f arthCT Into Pomerania province. Hie Italian Front: Fifth army patrols stabbed deep into Nazi lines ^ast of Serchlo rtver In bitter'five-hour fight. The Pacific Front: Americans held Olongapo naval repair base controlling SubIc bay: other Americans speared to within 28 road miles of Manila; iSeventh fleet ^teamed into Subic bay. Pvt. Levi Beaver Jr. Wounded in Action Pvt. Lf'Vi H. Beaver.. .Jr.. wa.s slightly wounded in action in Bel- glum on January 8 according to a telegram received by his mother, Mrs. Florence Beaver. 924 North Chestnut. Pvt. Beaver is a member of a tank crew. northwest of Kustrln. But Immediately northwest of Kustrln it is 39 ] miles from the capital, and it seemed more likely that a point In the Kustrin vicinity was meant. To run is Captured Kustrln Itself, one |0f the chief defenses of the German capital, was entered by the swift Soviet tmits rapidly spreading the fires of war to the heart of the Reich, said Ger- m.in broadcasts. At a point 170 miles to the rear, the Russians liquidated one of the German knots of resistance In Poland. Marshal Stalin In an order of the day announced the capture of Torin (Thorn), a stronghold of 54.000 on the banks of the Vistula, after a week-long siege. Along a 70-mlle front Marshal Gregory Zhukov massed waves of tanks and infantry for a quick Bom and educated in lola Pvt. Beaver has been in the army about | smash at Berlin's greatest defenses. two years and went overseas last October. He has two brothers and two sisters. All live with their mother with the exception of Kenneth who ts at Hutchinson. Governor Denies Clemency to Nine Murderers Topeka, Feb. 1. fAP)—Gov. Andrew Schoeppel denied executive clemency today to Harry Pyle. serving a life term for the Stafford county torture murder of August Reiter. Pyle was convicted of murder and robbery in May, 1935, for his part in torturning Reiter and hLs bachelor brother and robbing them of $24,000 in government bonds. Pyle was one of nine first degree murderers whose pleas were rejected, along with the clemency applications of 22 other prisoners. A Good Report On lola Water AItho\|gh the degree of hardness and the'amoimt of turbidity in the water uacen from the Neosho varied from on$ extreme to the other dt^Tr ing 194^ Tola's water supply at AO times the approval of the state board <^ health, according to the annualreport given to the city commission this week by Chas. H. Klaumajm. superintendent of the water works. During the year a total of 243.931,000 fellons of water ware treated and: 236.602.00D gaUohs were pumped. In 1944 the city used 302,515 pounds of lime, 132.000 pounds of alum, 42.541 pounds of soda fish, 3,174 pounds of chlorine, 2,905 potmds of activated carbon, 693 potmds x)f copper sulphate, 1,090 pounds of calgon. The plant consumed 375,000 K. W. of electric power with Its pumps and other eouipment. In January, 1944, the river water reached its peak so far as hardness Is concerned with a total of 464 ppm (p^rts per million). The lowest was on April 24, during the flood, when the hardness dropped to 56 ppm. The high point In hardness of the water reaching the ultl- Return To Camp Dramatic Slowed In Center j mate coiisumer was on January 22 But at the ceriter of his spear- U ^hen It rated 272 ppm; the lowest head m the 40-mlle wide Frankfurt' salient between the Odor and the Warthe, the German high command said it had hurled in its reserves to halt the Invading columns which already had broken through a defense shield 23 miles east of Frankfurt. Red air fleet planes raked the Berlin-Frankfurt highways and Moscow dispatches said Nazi prisoners reported panic in the German capital because German civilians believed the airmen's red flares were artillery flashes. Toughness of the Oder defenses before Berlin was suggested by the fact that several days have now elapsed since the Russians have reported any appreciable progress from their Oder bridgeheads on both sides of Breslau In SUesIa. The Germans continue to declare (Continued on Page 8, No. 5) Slower Reconversion Plan Means Less Upheaval When Peace Comes BY JAMES MARLOW | bilizer Bj-mes' expressed beUef last Washington, Feb. 1. (AP)—Jobs, summer that war's end In Europe continued war production, slower would throw 4 or more million people return to the output of civilian; out of work? goods. These are all tucked into the simple dlsclosiu^ late yesterday of the like that before these plans were povemment's present plans to speed bom, or thought of. It seems to have gone out the window. He must have been talking the war with Japan. You'll notice you ha vent heard When Europejs war ends Amero-! any more Byrnes' statements in re- can troops shipped from there to!cent months about unemployment, the Pacific will leave their equip-' The Byrnes thinking seems to ment behind; in the Pacific they'll have tmdergone a change sometime pick up new stuff shipped directly last November, or thereabouts. That there from this country. i is when suddenly we beean to hear Only the gloomiest expect the of the need for tighter lines on the European war to last through 1945. •. home front. But our war production programs And the army, which last sian- are laid down for all of 1945. mer was thinking of cutting back Therefore probably a large part its war orders about 50 per cent of the war material in those pro- when Germany fell, about a month grams Is Intended to equip armies ago decided It couldn't back more in the Pacific. ithan half that figure. was on SJune 30 with 60 ppm. The ayerage for the ye^r shows that the plant reduced the hardness 92 ppm..; The average hardness for the river water was 217 and the average.' hardness of the treated water wsts 120. This is a good record, cits'- officials say. The riiver water was the dirtiest on March 18, 1944, when it carried 6000 ppm of turbidity. The lowest point was reached In January with 25 ppm:of turbidity. The average for the year was 557 ppm. At air times the bacteriological content of the water was low and met the Approval of the state board of health. A w.ar production board official .«aid tills is a pretty good guess. Snow Covers Mok of State Topeka. Teb. 1. (AP)—Sho*. blew into northern Kansas today, and was exi^cted to spread over the entire state by tonight. "Well liave to get out our snow sliovels,"-Weatherman S. JD. Flora commented in predicting moderate to heavjt snow by tomorrow. It was^ snowing this morning at Topeka, :Concordia and Qoodlaiid and a fr^e^ng raih was falling it Dodge City, where the tempen^ure was 33. Flora said the predldtfl- tion probably would take ifid form of freezing rain in most of' southern In wes^m Kansas the new sn<^ added to^a covering several wtuS old from;one to thrise Incnet deep. No severely cold weather #as forecast «rith the storm. States northwest of Kansas reported no zero readings this momix^ but In other pai^ of the midwest—id«;a. Illinois asid Indiana—^the.- mercdty was at ze^ or below. Temperatures In Kansas gener- So it comes down to this: Reconversion to peacetime work Then that means much of the: can now be carried cut on a much stayed below freezing yester- present shouting for manpower and slower scale than Mr. Byrnes was i ^thv Wichita's 30 and Coffey- stepped-up production is Uking into talking about last summer. I ville 's 2? the highest reported, consideration the Pacific as well is This slower reconversion pace i Readines, In the 20's were forecast the European war. .means fewer pe.ople thrown out of j for today and from 30 io 3S for Replacing the equipment aban- [ Jobs .suddenly. It gives the whole doned in Europe is a man-size job. country a chance to adjust itself to even for this country and ^sill keep i peacetime more gently without the many people working. I embarrassment of mass unemploy- But what happened to War Mo- 1 ment. _ tomorrow:. Topeka^s 17 was the loi^t oj:er- night reftdlng. Temperattlres -irere expected^to range between 25 and 28 tonlgbt. • ien Stmiggle to Control Emotions at First Glimpse;Into An Al- n^t Forgotten World By RUSSELL BRINES Sixth Kanger Battalion Camp, Luzon, Jan. 31. (delayed) (APj—rThereiaalong dusty twisting lane near here whicil? .shoujd become a war monument, for today it bridged t\Vo worlds. It leads across the .plain toward the death camp where 513 prisoners of war vere rescued by American • Rangers and Filipino guerrillas. A convoy of ambulffices and trucks transpojrted the rescued captives back to akisolute safety and freedom—except ^or two of the 513 who died en route. No men ever received more 'Sincere homage than ttvae lean, ragged.captives who had come back frain death. For^ four miles they followed a lane outside the American lines riding.^ vehicles and grass-lined Filipino carts. Thousands of soldiers • from yie reinvasion army formed wn Impromptu parade In their .ihonor, flanking both sides of the return roitte.: Strate on Em«ti)^ns / No faiyi ever tried more valiantly to regain the pride which the Japanese 3iad smfished 'and to control their emotions as these captives whose- first gjimpse of the almost forgotten out^de world came this evening. i Behind thenj was the awful hope- lessneits of Btftaan and Corregidor, and nearly tjirej years of unbelievably brutal' ira'prisonmeht. Finally, sttVnninglyvswlft rescue and an all night forced'march of 25 miles, the last of several marches for them. The first meeting of these soldiers and the trim officers of the present campaign was a tense, brave effort to span the ds?ad years. Some Almost Normal There were^ old men with grey hair, dazed, sunlten eyes. Several were surprisingly young looking men, still kee;fi and freshly shaven. Some were buck ta almost normal weight because the Japanese garri- M )n left temp(9rarily January 5 and the prisoners broke into the plentiful stores which liad "oeen long denied them. There were t;hose who looked up helplessly from Utters. They tried "proudly ;to be soldiers, carrying tjiemselverj as "erect as possible Many- saluted^ promptly and stayed Capt. Frederick Amos Among Liberated Men Capt. Frederick O. Amos, of Humboldt, was one of the American prisoners rescued from the Japanese prison camp. An Associated Press dispatch to The Register quotes him as follows: *T : was taken from Corregidor in a small boat and forced to swto the last several hundred yards. From Blblibid prison I w «8 moved to the Da- vao penal o^ny and then to Cabanatuan last June." On December 18, 1942, Capt. Amos was reported ofBclally to be a prisoner of the Japanese. He partldpMed ia the Bataan campaign iibd was believed to be on Corregidor when it fell to the enemy. The last word heard from him. until today, was received nearly a year ago. His father J, J. Amos, died In February last year. .His brother, MUton, is stiU living in Humboldt where he manages the Humboldt Vfkk and TUe Co. His slsterr Miss Margaret Amos, is In Seattle. There are two other brothers, John, now in Parsons and Richard in Chicago. Others from this district who have been ottclally reported as Japanese prisoners of war Include Pvt. Dewey C. Danlel- son, Bronson, and Lt. Harold FInley, lola. Mrs. Pearl P. Spencer, lola. Is in an internment camp In the Philippines. at attention yhea talking to officers. One man who did this crept Into a truck-and sank back exhausted a mljiute- later. These men-were so happy you could'see new life flowing into them, yet most of tjjem found It difficult and confusing to rettuTi to this world. Perpetually wearing a broad grin, some would start a conversation with "Hello, Yank, glad to see (Continued' on Page 8, No. 2) Subic Bay Bases Fall To Yanks Troops Find Fortifications Abandoned By Japs; Drive On Manila Still Unchecked Today Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Feb. 1. (AP) Subic Bay and its naval repair base of Olongapo, dotted with pillboxes but inexplicably abandoned by the Japanese, were back in American hands today as unblunted Yank spearheads to the east rolled clear of a dangerous bottleneck passsige only 28 road miles from Manila. WeU-fortified Grande Island, the "Little Corregidor" guarding the entrance to Snmc. bay, was taken without opposition Tuesday by Eighth army troops. Units of the U. S. Seventh fleet then steamed Into Subic b^. Other elements of Lt. Oen. Robert Eichdbager's Eighth army moved by road along the iimer rim of Subic bay to captiuw the Olon gapo naval beae which, before the war, was an American depot. Gen. Douglas MacArthur said in his conununkiie today that "we are now using ttdl excellent anchorage, and devel<9idttit of a naval base Is ah-eady under, way." Sixth anny troops 35 miles to the east meanwDlIa reached the town of Calumpit, 28 nad miles from Manila, in a dnre down an easily- defensible ttretcb of liighway flanked by huge surmnplMnds. FaUure of ttw Japanese to put up a fight in this natural defense zone was as puaUntr as the enemy's lack of opposition at Subic bay. Turn 'Toward Batoan One column of Sixth army troops, (ContiitBed on Page 8. No. S) Luzon Landing Surprises Japs IT Surprise landing of the Eighth army on the west coast of Luzon seals off Bataan peninsula, cutting the Jap island defenses into four pockets. Thejforces tjjke the former U. S. naval base at Olongapo on Subic Bay, ' Oi& major objective.—(NEA Telephoto.) THE ROAD TO BERLIN (the Aanocuted Pnn) I—Eastern Front: 39 miles (according to Berlin; 63 miles, from Beyersdorf, by official Russian accoimt). 2—Western Front: 310 miles (from linnlch - Jullch - EHiren area). 3— ^Italian Front: 544 miles (from Reno riveiO. New War Shift Plan To Speed Moving of Troops to Pacific After V-E Day By Leaving Equipment Behind Washington, Feb. 1, <AP)—Prospect of a speedier end of the Japanese war developed today with disclosure of a plan for a quick shift of troops from Europe to the Pacific once Germany Is defeated. Under this system, which was described by high soiu-ces, troops In Europe will leave the bulk of their equipment on the continent and then re-arm in the Pacific with equipment piled up there from this country. • This could mean a savings of months in throwing the full weight of American forces against the Japanese. The campaign against them already has been described by War Secretary Stimson ^s ahead of schedule. Would Save Lives The plan will add to war costs, require a continuation of a high- rate of production and postpone the day of reconversion. On the other hand, it was pointed out that It would mean the savings of perhap.s thousands of lives that might otherwise be lost in a nroloneed campaign. Two other factors undoubtedly fl?ured In the adoption of the plan: 1—A scarcity of shipping to handle the tons and tons of equipment; and 2—the war aeainst Japan is moving along months ahead of schedule while the European war Is lagging, narrowing the time available to shift European forces to achieve the greatest benefit from their use in the Pacific. Use For Equipment While it was not disclosed what equipment would be left behind, trucks, construction equipment and perishable goods presumably would be Included. All of these could be used Li the rehabilitation of Prance, Italv. Belgium and Holland. Mbst of the airplanes still In operating condition, especially heavy bombers, imdoubtedly would be flown to Pacific bases. Small arms, some artillery and tanks also pre- simlably would be shipped. Months to Move Troops The balance might eventually be sent to the Pacific, brought back to this country for salvage or storage, or disposed of on the continent as surplus. From the first, it was planned that considerable amounts of supplies would necessarily be left abroad because the cost of shipment would surpass their worth. Even the movement of troops alone will require months. Relatively small forces have been employed so far in the drive against Japan. For example, fewer than a dozen divisions have been Identified as participating In the Luzon Invasion—one of the biggest Pacific operations so far. Veterans Of March Of Death 400 Picked Men Make Rescue After AU-Night Forced March in Most Daring Exploit of War Plan Four-Power Rule Of Rhineland After War London, Feb. 1. (AP)—Prime Minister (3huTChiU is takhig to the Big Three conference a plan for a foiu"- power government for postwar control of the German Rhineland and Ruhr, an unimpeachable source said today. The plan Is understood to call for separation of the Rhineland and Rahr from Germany and placing them under economic and political control of Great Brttlan, Russia, the United States and France. The same source also said British, Russian and United States representatives have signed an "Instrument of surrender" to be presented to the Germans when they capitulate. This was signed by U. S. Am- ba»ador John G. Wtaant, Sir William Strang, British imdersecretary of state, and Fyodor Gusev, Soviet ambassador to Britain. By C. YATES McDANIEL Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 31. (delayed) (AP)—Men of Bataan, Corregidor and Singapore—513 of them—were snatched from under the flaming muzzles of Japanese guns last night in an exploit of unmatched daring. Some 400 picked men of the Sixth Ranger battalion and Filipino guer- diUas made a commando raid 25 miles behind Japanese lines to empty a prison camp and partially fulfill one of the Philippines objectives closest to Gen. Douglas MacArthur's heart. They took Japanese guards by siu'prlse and rescued 486 Americans, 23 "British, three Netherlanders and one Norwegian—all that were left In the prison camp In Nueva Eclja province of eastern Luzon. . Many more hundreds of more able-bodied war prisoners had been sent to work camps in Japan. Hundreds of others had died. Two Die On Way All but two of the men were brought alive by the 121 men of the Sixth Ranger battalion who stormed into the prison stockade under command of Lt. Col. Henry MuccI of Bridgeport, Conn. Their enfeebled hearts flickered out when they were in sight of American lines. The Rangers attacked with such merciless precision that not one of the Japanese guards was left alive or able to resist. And they attacked with such care that not one of the prisoners was scratched. Within a matter of minutes all had been released and were on their 25-mlle Journey to freedom, walking, carried on backs of huslcy Ransers or riding in carabao carts. Nearly 100 Very Weak Nearly 100 were so weak from malnutrition, disease and 3-year -old wounds that they could not walk when thye were cut loose from Japanese bondage. The rescue cost the lives of 27 Rangers and Filipinos in a guerrilla unit led by Maj. Robert Lapham of Davenport, la., who fought off a savage tank-led attack along the escape corridor. The raiders killed 523 Japanese— more than one lor every prisoner released—and knocked out 12 enemy tanks. This first mass liberation of Allied prisoners of war in the western Pacific was accomplished by an all- night forced march east of the American lines to Cabu. Attack a Surprise The commando force, made up of the 121 Rangers and 286 FUiplnoa In the guerrilla unit, left American lines under protection of air covet and reached the prison camp without detection. Their swift, fierce attack caught the guards completely by surprise. The Japanese struck back violently and persistently as the rescue col- imin headed back toward the Sixth Ranger camp and freedom for the valiant men who had been at the mercy of Japanese guards for nearly three years. The heavy, disproportionate Japanese losses were inflicted In battering down these tank -fed attacks. The commando raid, ordered on short notice when Intelligence reports disclosed the whereabouts of the camp, was such a success that General MacArthur decorated every man In the force. Homage from Soldiers The lean and rugged captives received the homeage of thousands of American soldiers now fighting to redeem the Islands for which the i veterans fought so valiantly and hopelessly. The youthful GI's formed an Impromptu honor guard, flanUng a military highway down which the rescue party passed after It returned ;to American lines. It was the last of many marches marches which WAITE RITES FRIDAY Funeral services for Qeorge Lew- ' Is Walte. whose death was reported ' „_ In Tuesday's Register, will be held for the rescued men- _ „ at the Wilson-Johnson Funeral began with the brutal "death march Home In CJhanute, tomorrow, Frf- , of Bataan." day. at 2 p. m. Interment will be at Highland cemetery here about 3:00 p. m. The freed men showed their hap« piness, despite theh- sores and ul- (Continued on Page 8, No. 1) s.
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