;UUto»i Evening Telegraph Jan. 12, 1971 • • . Seeking real answer In proposing faster lax writeoffs for capital expenditures by business and industry. President Nixon is hardly bringing out anything new — for either praise or criticism. This approach to speeding up the economy has been introduced and eventually backed away from several times in the last couple of generations — beginning with the great Innovator, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Our observation has been that it usually helped to relieve the problem at hand — a pronounced slowdown in the economy. Currently one of our economic needs is for an immediate speedup by direct spending on improvements. Such tax relief is generally aimed at speeding up construction as well as equipment building payrolls by encouraging such investments. But these increases filter on down through many other levels of the economy, adding more people to more payrolls. We face at least two negative features: A reduction immediately in the amount Of taxes payable to the federal government and therefore an additional threat to the budget balance; and The future hazard that new processes and new equipment introduced in the capital What We think about... Nixon's plight Strike breaking test improvement processes will also cut future payrolls. Throwing the budget, out of balance is regarded in some economic schools as a sure inflationary trigger. But the administration must already be disappointed in the influence of its efforts toward balancing the budget on de-inflation. Looking at the problem the longer way, economists expect spinoffs from the increased expenditures to set in motion movements that will more than mmpensate for the immediate budget swing. Theory stresses that a speedup in the nation's economy will build additional tax resourros — the payrolls of those additionally employed and the profits of the businesses involved. Thus, while income taxes may lag ;\\ first as an outgrowth of the capital investment writeoff speedup, strengthening of the all-around economic picture will eventually catch up. While current, rises in unemployment may give reason for concern over introduction of labor-saving process and equipment in manufacturing, the general history of this cycle is that new labor forces are required continuously to create the equipment, and buildings involved. The trick has always been to have the compensating forces generate the proper amount of push to overcome the negating influences. If you're puzzled by all this 'economese', consider the President's plight. He has to come up with the real answer! Could clear the air For a while it appeared the city's anti- strikebreaking ordinance might not get a test for some time. But the occasion has arisen now. And, we believe, the striking unions at Alton Box Board Co. deserve recognition for giving it the test. Of course all of us regret the fact that it took a strike to set the stage. Hundreds of men have been thrown out of work for weeks because of the work stoppage, and the shrinking Alton Box Board payroll has reflected itself many times over in other areas of the community where any slowdown in money circulation hurts — in addition to creating much hardship on families more immediately affected. The ordinance had been placed on the city's books over the protest of then Cor poration Counselor John Hoefert in 1967 during the more extreme phases of difficulties at the Duncan foundry. So Mayor Paul Lenz was perhaps within the area of reason when he didn't jump Immediately to invoke it. The law declares illegal the hiring of people to replace workers on strike. The test may well be a lengthy one. We hope the box board plant doesn't have to lie idle during the whole period. By the same token, we hope the union workers, themselves, can find a formula to . continue the test to its conclusion without forfeiting their paychecks during the whole time — in short, that they can find an approach to settling the strike and proceed with the test while they work. We believe, however, that it is important to determine the legality of the ordinance. A labor victory could well set the pattern for spread to other communities, since other employe groups would be sure to want to make its structures available for their own use. A management victory could wipe it off the local books. In either case, Alton would be on more nearly equal terms with other communities eventually with regard to their relative attractive power for industry and business. Vote paves the way Cottage Hills — Forest Homes is off dead center at last, sanitarily speaking. The two unincorporated communities have approved — by a narrow margin, It's true — a plan by which they can avail themselves of the township's power to provide them with sewage disposal. While the vote margin was narrow, as Supervisor Rodger Elble points out, it nevertheless gives Wood River township's officials an opening to apply to the Housing and Urban Development administration for assistance in financing the half-million dollar project. And the supervisor is losing no time In notifying HUD of the situation. Experience has indicated that, no matter where they happen, these undertakings rarfily run through smoothly. One can always expect opposition to arise even on a minority level and cause delays, even if through court procedure. This, however, would be extremely unfortunate. The area urgently needs a public sewer system. Cost of construction is unlikely to go down; in fact the contracts already are signed which will escalate it during the current year. No time should be lost. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Readers forum Legislature pay grab 3-alarm tire This is an attempt to reach your slumbering audience and to arouse their response to the totalitarian tactics of their "elected" officials. From time to time your own newspaper has reported the clandestine operations of an Illinois Supreme Court Justice, the director of the Illinois Conservation Department, various superintendents of the Highway Division and numerous lesser guardians of the state taxpayers' money. Of course, we have the best to come when our officials attempt to unravel the mystery surrounding the found fortune of the Powell beneficiaries. The state income tax was handed to the people of Illinois without the inconvenience of a vote. Of course, this method of determining taxation was proven to be outdated by our neighbor, Missouri. The people's apprehensions were soothed whtn they were given the privilege of abolishing the personal property tax. They did. State representatives and senators now have raised their salaries to $17,600 per year. This is an increase of 46.5 per cent. How many> of your constituents received a 46.5 per cent increase in their paychecks? Many people are simply happy to have a job at this time. It is time for taxpayers in this state to adopt a motto dating from the Revolutionary War, "Do not tread on me!" WILLIAM R. EDMISTON 224 Cindy St. Brighton Back to the Indians In 1787, the first full declaration of United States policy was embodied in the Northwest Ordinance that stated: The utmost good faith shall be observed toward the Indians. Their lands and property shall never be taken from them without their consent; and in their property, rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars authorized by Congress." This was made on Aug. 7, 1789, as one of the first declarations of the United States Congress under the Constitution. Since that time, the American Indian has been treated unfairly and cheated by the while men. On Aug. 13, 1946, a special Indians Claims Commission was created. The commission claimed $14,789,000 to the Cherokee nation for stolen lands in 1960. Now the white man educates, houses, and provides jobs for the Indian. The Congress of American Indians now speaks for the various tribal groups. And for the first time the Indians are taking an active role on deciding their own future. BARRY L. SASSER Rte. 1 Moro Critical losers Why can't our losing politicians be good losers? This applies to both parties. I read Ralph T. Smith's article on one page of the Telegraph and Phyllis Schlafly's on the next Jan. 4. They both told the public not only how they were beaten but. how the Democrats did it. Now it seems Mrs. Schlafly is trying to dig up all the corruption she can find about the Democrats, and Is worrying about the taxpayers' money. I haven't seen a Republican yet who worried about a laborer or a taxpayer except to get more taxes from the laborer. I am not for sending all this money to foreign countries. This country is in bad enough shape already with all the poor and unemployed, and we could use this money to build up a better and stronger country. We get these other countries back on their feet so they can fight back at us. Also in the Jan. 4 Telegraph was an article telling how Gov. Ronald Reagan of California launched his second term proposing that California lead the nation in reforming welfare 1 o weed out those whose greed is greater than their need. Reagan critici/ed President Nixon's welfare plan. Why? Because people such as he want to see the poor and needy bog. He will fall soon. JESSE IIAUSMAN, 401 Condlt Wholesale killers I read in the papers where some people wanted abortions legalized, and that thousands were performed in the first 3% months where this legalization was adopted. Women gel into trouble, then go to these sympathetic humanitarian doctors (or ungodly butchers, as you will). There is no name I can think of for the person who will legalize slaughter and debauchery of this sort. God's law says "Thou shall not kill." "About the population explosion: Don't worry. The United Stales government and big industries and Ihe abortionists will take care of that. Our legislators and- Ihe lobbyists, with other government officials, will use the payoff to let the big industries pollute themselves and everyone else off the face of the earth. The United States government is supposed to be permitting additional drilling in the Gulf some place to replenish the oil supply. Will these drillers keep on until they turn loose one too many — one they can't seal off? And lhat will be the beginning of the end. IIUNRY J. MORGAN 110 Illinois Ave. South Roxana Victor Riesel When is dissent ^loutish'? NEW YORK — A miracle on 43rd Street! The New York Times actually lost its temper the other day. A most unusual thing. They raised their collective editorial voice. They characterized the longshoremen's boycott of a Communist bloc passenger ship as "loutish." According to the Random House Dictionary, of the English Language, this is the act of being a lout, which is "an awkward stupid person, clumsy, ill-mannered boor, oaf." Certainly it is the Times' right to dissent from the International Longshoremen's Assn. (AFL-CIO rank-and-file refusal to service the S.S. Stefan Batory, the first Polish passenger ship to dock here in over 20 years. But jusl whal is boorish, slupid, and oafish about protesling against the government — whose secret police infrastructure still is intact and cruel — which has shot down fellow workers, women and children and now slill keeps imprisoned some 2,500 to 3,000 Jack Anderson Soaring Blue Cross premiums to be probed WASHINGTON. — When a family is hit by a $10,000 three-month bill, as tho cheery commercials suggesl, Blue Cross Is Ihe next best thing to a Daddy Warbucks check. Blue Cros"s, for all its institutional Incompetencios, can be counled on lo pay a share of the bill. Bui lalely, its costs have exploded to Ihe point that the individual policyholders can hardly afford the premium. The disastrous premiums, up 100 per cent in the last few years, have also hit business firms and government agencies which help finance the! r employes' health insurance. The higher payments merely have been passed on lo the public in the form of higher prices and Forum writers, note The T e I o K r u p h welcomes |irOH» t<\|ir«HNlollM Of lit I'OUtl- cr's o \v ii opinions. Writers' iiuincN and midrosHCN iiuiNt l>u liiilillKhcd with tholr lot tern. Cuiltriluitlons Hholild bo concise, profrrahly not exceeding 150 \vordx, and uro ttubjoot lo conllciisutlon. taxes. In this way, the Blue Cross rises have hit everyone. Last year alone, Blue Cross premiums went up 35 per cent in some areas. The Increases were caused largely by administrative foul-ups. Our own investigation uncovered in- compelency and inefficiency in Blue Cross operallons In Washington, D.C., and Richmond, Va. Our findings are all loo typical, we understand, of the way most Blue Cross plans are administered across the country. We found hospitals charging for drugs, expensive treatments and special care which patients never received. The costs were paid, invariably without a murmur from Blue Cross. Other hospital costs, incredibly high for non-profil Institutions, also push up premiums. Example: Al the Washington Hospital Center, certainly not the most expensive hospital in the country, the ten anesthesiologists were paid $842,810 in H)(i!), an average of $84,281 each. The seven radiologists got $479,907 or $68,568 each. The pathologists averaged $67,857 apiece. Nol only does Blue Cross pay these fancy fees for its own members, but the policyholders' premiums are also used to help cover welfare costs. Washington's Welfare Department, for example, has been paying $38 a day for its hospital patienls. But. the costs to the hospital have been running $92. The difference of $54 a day for every welfare patient was paid by Bjue Cross, other insurance firms and the paying patients. Our welfare patient, a badly burned man near death from his hideous injuries, was under constant care for three days. His bill was more than $2,500, only $114 of which was covered by the Welfare Department. The rest of the bill was simply added to the charges against Blue Cross and the others. The problem in most, states is that there's no real control over Blue Cross premiums. Some states explicitly exempt Blue Cross from controls. Hospital rales are also unregulalecl and, Iherefore, unsupervised. Result: hospilal rales soar, Blue Cross pays Ihem wilhoul a squawk, and the premiums go up and up. Footnote: A full-dress investigation of Blue Cross, long overdue on Capitol Hill, has been scheduled later this monlh by Michigan Senator Phil Hart's Anli-Trusl Sub- commillee. Red-haired sub- commillee attorney Dorothy Goodwin has been in and out of hospitals like a chronic hypochondriac for more than a year. But she has been diagnosing the hospitals instead of the other way around. The subcommittee has also subpoenaed records from national Blue Cross headquarters in Chicago and from Blue Cross groups in California, Florida, Michigan, Texas, Virginia and Washington, D.C. At least 12 Blue Cross witnesses have been summoned to appear at hearings beginning January 26. President Nixon's credibility gap is showing again. From his vacation retreat at San Clemente, Calif., he lei il be known he was "very much upsel" over our story lhal his adminislralion was trying to pin criminal charges on ex-Speaker John McCormack while honoring the old man to his face. Press secretary Ron Ziegler was directed by the President to announce: "Any allegation thai Ihe Nixon administration tried in any way to seek or to pin criminal charges on Speaker McCormack is totally and absolutely false. It has no foundation whatsoever." v The President also asked Ziegler lo convey his "great admiration and respect" for McCormack. Before we wrote the story, of course, we checked it out carefully. of the men some of them dockers and shipyard workers who took to the streets late last year during the bloody food protests? Step by step/1 watched this American longshoremen's boycott action develop. I was there when they worded their telegram to President Nixon and Iherein wrole Ihey would not handle a ship which floated "in a sea of blood." To mock them for this fraternal action, to fault them for standing silently as a gesture of brotherhood towards the dead and imprisoned, to shove their lack of formal education down their throats somehow is not worthy of the dignified lady of West 43rd Street Firstly it denies the longshoremen their civil rights. Secondly it develops an ambivalent selectivity in the right to dissent. The longshoremen's chief, Teddy Gleason, made this point quite poignantly — even if not grammatically. "Those who criticize me have forgotten," said he, "what we longshoremen have done for those around the world in need of help — on the docks of Saigon, in the port of Mombassa as Kenya tried to struggle for right and in Lagos after the terrible war there. "And if our men refused to work the Communist luxury ship that, is their right. Don't we loo have Ihe righl lo dissenl? Honest dissent wilhoul any violence or pickels? We don'l hurt anybody down there. We go about our business. Even if somebody disagrees with what we do, isn't thai the key thing in dissent? Are we second-class citizens? Are our young workers not as good as young students?" Thus the Polish workers themselves prolesled againsl Iheir governmenl virtually Ihe same time the American longshoremen were protesling the arrival of Ihe S.S. Batory. Was. the Gdansk strikers' solidarity with their fellow workers "loutish"? And further, there is a communique from the Brussel-based International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (1CFTU) with which the AFL-CIO is not affiliated. The Confederation's General Secretary Harm G. Butter angrily said: ''By their spontaneous strikes and demonstrations, the Gdansk shipyard workers were using the only way left open to them to protest against the drastic rises in living costs. It was when the police opened fire on the workers thai food shops and food stocks were plundered and the Communist Party headquarters attacked. It is significanl lhal Ihe Polish workers never once appealed to their so-called trade unions for help. By labeling the workers as 'hooligans' and by using the most brutal weapons of terror and repression, including tanks, against them, the Communist authorities have shown once more that the regime has nothing in common with socialist human ideals and that the trade unions there are nothing but tools of the system." .. It is of relevance that Mr. Gleason risked his life to clean up the Saigon docks, kill some of the black marketing, and rationalize unloading there so food as well as munitions could flow into the tragic land. But the criticism of Ihe longshoremen's refusal lo handle the S.S. Batory, a 15,000-ton liner, raises significant issues. First let's look at the blood-letting and cruelty. The liberal Swedish dajly "Espressen" reported that at least 300 persons were killed during the Gdansk food riots. According to this eyewitness reports some 3,000 shipyard workers, many of them later killed or imprisoned, burned down the Communist Party headquarters. i The flames were fueled by their hatred of the regime which, despite some official changes, still is struclured as it was before Ihe abortive revolt. Further, the Stockholm "Aftonbladet," owned by the Swedish LO (the AFL-CIO of thai nalion) reported lasl Tuesday that some 3,000 shipyard workers had struck in Gdansk. The Swedish labor- owned daily said the strike was in protesl against the arrest just before Christmas of 2,000 shipyard workers who participated in the December demonstralions. Then is a boycott "loutish" only when it is aimed at the Communist bloc? Is dissent permitted only when it conforms? What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago JANUARY 12, 194G County coroner Fred Pieper returned identical verdicts in the deaths of four Western Cartridge workers on Dec. 18, 1945. The men had died alter drinking Methyl alcohol which had been stored In a solvent cabinet in the old primer laboratory at the plant when impounded by Deputy Coroner Streeper. The can had originally contained USP alcohol, 190 proof, which was mistaken by the em- ployes as grain alcohol. Telephone service in the Alton - Wood River area returned to normal, when long-distance operators, WlW had refused to cross a one • man picket line Uwur jobs. Critical housing shortages in Alton were reflected at a meeting of the Board of Education when members proposed investigation of school-owned buildings as possible apartment houses for teachers in the public school system. The old Boals building near Hnosevelt school was an example of the type structure being considered for the housing needs. Nuw inductees of tlte Alton chapter of the National Honor Society were Jean Conrad, Billie Corn, Merril Davis, Judith Dean, lUissell Kaley, Hosemary Kgelhoff, Harrison Farley, Paul Ilarrawood, Donna llirtman, Donald Long, Robert Long, Mary Mesiter, Marjorie Myer, Shirley Rends, Betty Hlvos, ( arol Roberston, Eugene Schultz, Jean Struif, Marjorie Veit> Wanda Vinyard, Martha Ware and Patsy Williamson. Joseph R. Kurre, managing editor of the Wood Hiver Journal, resigned to accept a position as field auditor with the retail stores of Montgomery Ward &- Co. A damp thaw began under the heavy blanket of snow which covered Uie area, which was expected to be short-lived as prediction was for 16 degrees. Only gutterside remains of the snow storm remained. 50 years ago JANUARY 12, 1»21 Federal regulation of the coal industry, including power to fix prices in times of emergency, was proposed in a bill introduced by Chairman Calder of the Senate's finance committee. The bill also would provide for publication of data on coal production costs, to be assembled by the Federal Trade Commission. President-elect Harding proposed that he be given the oath of office on the easl porch of the Capitol, rather than in the Senate chambers as planned. Testimony before the House ways and means committee by businessmen was to the effect they were experiencing difficulty meeting fierce competition from aggressive tatties of German manufacturers. Mayor \V. M. Sauvage announced that the state division of highways was making available to the city a truck with which local street work could be done along routes of the state's highways. The truck was to cost the city $100 a year. A drunk who yielded up information as to source of his liquor — an East Broadway address — made possible the first arrest under the state's attorney's new policy of enforcing prohibition through means of the Illinois search and seizure law. The old W. H. Cartwrtght home, made a part of the Alton Stale Hospital facilities, was saved from destruction when an inmate noticed the roof was ablaze and ran into the house to call the administrative office over the phone. Hospital employes carried a hose kept on the grounds and connected with a fireplug nearby to save the building. Plans to make Turner Hall the largest recreation center in the city were included in the proposal for merger of the East End Improvement Association and the Alton Turnverein. The Turnverein had owned tlte building for many years. Extension of the dance floor was among tho physical improvements proposed for the structure immediately.
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