Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 21, 1941 · Page 1
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 1

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Friday, February 21, 1941
Page 1
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lENK GROWS >• 65,434 . 379, Phoenix, Arizona PUBLIC Today PagC!S 112 N. CENTRAL AVE. TELEPHONE 3-1111 Friday Morning, February 21, 1941 BALKAN SHOWDOWN SHAPED .S. T o Bolster Pacific Fleet Pension Bill Voted U A 11 49 A AlU Uu V Post Office Destroys Tons Of Propaganda __ l n 10 YV7ASHINGTON, Feb. 20— (UP)—The post office depart-! I yv merit disclosed tonight that more than 15 tons of foreign propaganda mail has been seized and destroyed. Confiscation of the mail—75,000 pieces—was announced by the postmaster general, Frank C. Walker, in a letter '- Kenneth McKcller, Democrat,' _ Reynolds To Oppose British Aid Defense Plans Unit Named Per Month Asked to Tennessee, chairman of the senate post office committee. Walker suggested that congress provide new and more stringent regulations governing movement of foreign mail in the United States. Seizure to th public" be invoked by congress "as opposed to censorship." He suggested legislation "in the direction of requiring that all propaganda material be properly la- of the propaganda wasjbeled, copies be filed with the r regulations designating) government for inspection by ap- (Additionil Stories, Log, Page 6)'it as "nonmailable" because the! propriate officials and by the pub_ „_..,,,,-, f + v, -i =«.!, j sender had failed to register with'lic, and that certain information as "THE HOUSlti 01 me 10U1 the United States government as a j to the source of the material be! 1 Arizona Legislature Stole! foreign agent residing abroad. . _l..nV nn +Vio conato vpitcr- Walker said most of tlie ma- 6 march on the senate yester inM enianated from Gcrmanv and Russia and came to this country via Pacific mail routes. came from p day and sent it a measure to increase the maximum old- age assistance allowance in this itite from $30 to $40 per month. Then, turning from the run of more or less minor chaff which has been Jed through the legislative millstones «o far, the house adopted a. d sent to the senate two other Important, constructive measures: To aathorixe the state board o{ education to construct, on lind already owned by the state near Mesa, the Arizona Children's colon}' for care and education of mentally deficient children,.and appropriate $31,615 for building of the initial units. ~ To impose upon J oanks a net income tax of eight per cent in' lieu' of the present ad valorem tax on capital .stock, at the •me time including in the ad valorem tax rolls all real eg- > tate owned by banks, wherever it may be located, within or Mithont the count}' in which a bank operates. Snoe last week the senate has been chewing on its own old-age assistance increase measure, which started out ES a duplicate of the bill in the house. Having gnawed the maximum allowance down to 535 per month instead of the $40 pledged in the Democratic state platform, and inserted a provision for legal investigation; of income tax-paying off- ipring with parents receiving such assistance, the senate sent it for further study to its committee on judiciary, where it still reposes. Before sending it to the senate, the house simplified its Ml to include only the paramount factor—increase of the •HoR-ance to £40 per month. Stricken from the original *ere provisions for periodic re- eoniMeration for change in tnounte of actually paid as- wtwice, which already is car«d for under the federal-state tetup for old-age assistance, Md for appropriation for ad- mnonal assistance, already jandatorlly taken care of by There was little debate on the aeasure in the house, which pass- wit through its committee of the wnole and adopted it on third read'"8 the same day. On the final roll call, the vote ™f f" to 1, Robert Crable of Ya- TTT wunty voting "no", me old-age assistance increase measure was sponsored in the house nv iii^. ^_ Dudl ey of Yuma Claire W. Phelps, Laura .Louise A. Moore, W. W. I. T. M. McGowan, C. J. and R. F. Kilpatrick of n.^ -« ^"unty, and John H. «% of Pjm a countv. "Will Of The People" ttpTn? semative Ra PP presented toe"*. 0 "-!? 16 floor as represent- In^ T U of ^ e people", which «tte.end will be carried out whe- «!?orjiot the legislature does it "~ed that failure of this lo heed the people's will _ 3 to old-age assistance urn™' eas r y brin S about an even tiw ^H? P ro POsal via an initia- "" on the next election published in the printed matter itself along the lines of existing regulations with respect to second-class mail." . , Observing that it might be "im-j Ro b ert R- Reynolds, Demo- Some came from Japan, "with: portant to know who is receiving! small amounts from Italy and Eng- !tne propaganda as well as sending land," he said. |it." Walker told McKeller "the pos- The postmaster general told Mc-isibility has been suggested that the AV/ASHINGTON, Feb. 20— yV (AP)— Harry L. Hopkins, who inspected conditions in Great Britain recently as i personal representative of President Roosevelt, was named today -to a nine-member production planning board designed to survey defense industry and study the problems of postemergency re~adjustment., John D. Biggers, defense production director, appointed the board. The board members will receive no compensation. Senator's Stand On Measure Is Reversed (Additional Story, Page 3) AV/ASHINGTON, Feb. 20— r W (UP) — Senate foes ofl^Samuel Richard Fuller, New the British aid bill gained a'"""'' surprise adherent today when Stronger Air Force Is Planned Japanese Moves Make America Suspicious Keller that the department's action! and addresses of those to crat, senator. North Carolina, said he would vote against the measure because it might lead to a United States "declaration of war." Reynolds' defection was olfset, ey was consistent with international :«'hom^ the propaganda^ material jsj nowe \. eri by Harold H. Burton's """'~ 1 *" ' *~' *""* " *""" " *""" ~ " --"••• J ~ postal agreements and was taken after a period of "careful study" in co-operation with the state department and the department of justice. To curb continued distribution of foreign propaganda, he recommended to McKcller that * "policy requiring disclosure sent be made available, provided, of course, that appropriate safeguards have been established for the protection of such recipients." Walker stressed that the procedure he suggested did not propose the establishment of censorship." Government To Tax New U. S. Securities WASHINGTON. Feb. 20— (AP)—The treasury today wiped out federal tax exemptions for all its future issues of securities—from $25 baby bonds to 51,000 units of standard bills, notes and bonds— and prepared to issue about $2,000,000.000 of new taxable securities - | within the next two months. Less than 24 hours after Presi- i announcement that he favored the bill. Burton. Ohio Republican, had been listed among the "doubtfuls." Reynolds revealed his stand during a three-hour blistering attack on the pending measure, which he labeled as an attempt to pay for York industrialist, was appointed chairman. Other members are: Adm. William Harrison Standley, retired. James Henry Burns, formerly executive officer in the office of the assistant secretary of war. George W. Meany, New York, secretary-treasurer of the American Federation of Labor. James B. Carey, Washington, secretary of the Congress of Industrial Organizations. John L. Pratt, Fredericksburg, Va., retired executive vice-president of General Motors Corporation. William E. Levis, Toledo, O., chairman of the board of the Owens-Illinois Glass Company. Robert E. Doherty, Pittsburgh. of the State of Wash- went to the noils in such ance, he said, and while it they voted a law in- i free medical attention •""other things which will 2"• wat state an additional «»-000,000 per year. Mil I -P^ase voted by the house the !n ** a flat 510 per month, b^^wance actually paid still ™W subject to federal regulations told i,i. ,, Representative Dudley of»»r, coUea S ues the state board awe?7i, iecurity mA welfare esti- "« the state's share in the ac- increase will range from $3 aomh Per case. j?°, us e arid senate worked a a .?. ve day ' the senate Burning to 10 a., m. 'to lhe USB qUit t0 Barges (Gibraltar •• Feb. 20-(AP)-Two !es loaded with munitions ral smaller boats were Wbraltar in the hurricane peninsula, Los Angeles Area Swept By Raging Flood Marooned Canyon Dwellers Are Rescued LOS ANGELES, Feb. 20—(UP) A storm of almost cloudburst, proportions today made roaring torrents out of near-by canyons, marooning numerous persons in their homes, and for a time flooded streets and low areas. In less than 24 hours, the storm registered 2.26 inches of rainfall. Despite the heavy precipitation, a series of check dams and retarding basins built since a disastrous flood four years ago kept -the water under control in most areas. Eight Marooned Eight, persons were marooned for a short while in Topango canyon homes but sheriff's deputies in a rowboat rescued them quickly. The normally small stream through the canyon became a raging torrent 90 feet wide in some areas of the canyon. The rains loosened top soil of the Elysian Park "moving mountain" which three years ago sent thousands of tons of dirt cascading down'on Riverside drive, main artery of the San Fernando valley towns of Burbank and Glendale. Highway Cleared dent Roosevelt signed an act raising the federal debt limit from ,549,000,900,000 to 565,000,000,000 land giving the treasury discretion- iary authority to sell taxable se- |curities, Henry Morgenthau, treas- I ury secretary, told reporters of the . new program. Program Outlined He said he planned to: 1—Issue 5200,000,000 of 91-day treasury bills each week starting the first week in March and continuing until further notice. On this operation, the treasury will get 5100,000,000 of new money and use the other $100,000,000 to pay off similar maturing securities. 2—Refund S545.000.000 of 3-"t per cent bonds and 5677,000,000 of 1'i per cent treasury notes, both maturing March 35. Morgenthau said that "if nothing out of the ordinary happens over the weekend," new securities would be announced next week to be traded for these maturing securities. RFC Seeks Funds 3—Sell on behalf of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, possibly in March but probably in April, about 5500,000,000 worth of securities. He explainer! that, the RFC proposed to use 5300.000,000 of the proceeds to repay the treas- urv for its past contributions to the corporation. The RFC will keep the remainder for its own needs, particularly the purchase of strategic materials abroad and financing of defense factory construction. In announcing that these securities would be taxable, Morgen- thau said also that all baby bonds sold to the public after March 1 would also be subject 1o taxation. Britain's war at this country's expense. Camp As Surprise Reynold's opposition came as a ..,,,.„ - • . „ surprise since, as a member of the president of the Carnegie Institute senate foreign relations commit-!°f Technology, tee, he had voted "with reservations" to report the bill favorably to the senate. He was the first southern senator to oppose the measure. For the second time in as many days, administration forces were thwarted in their efforts to obtain action on amendments when Reynolds limited his speech to three hours instead of five, as originally scheduled. When Reynolds finished his speech, no speakers were ready to continue debate on the measure and the senate was forced to turn to other business. Alben W. Barkley. senate Democratic leader, asserting that Reynolds apparently had "suffered an unexpected attack of brevity," complained that it was "unfair to the senate" to expect it to quit after only one speech. Shortly afterwards, the chamber recessed for the day—making this the briefest of the four days of debate thus far on the measure. Aside from Reynolds' speech, there were these senate developments on the question of British aid: Nazi Bombers Raid London, South Wales Night Attacks Made After Forays In Daytime LONDON, Feb. 21—(Friday)— (AP)—Sirens signaled a second W. Tobey, Republican, Income from not however, income taxes. the" securities will be subject to state Other Sales Planned The secretary told a press con- Th. hig?v^r=Ihe.moun- ference f to -s^vorking on moved. Although today's slippage was considered of minor consequence, city engineering crews feared that continued rains might result in a major slide. The rains washed away dirt, from around a rock of several tons weight and the roadway was kept closed until *">-.'-"-"-•' ••—.-4 ...haihar thp 1BZ.U11. Jui engineers determined wJietner tne S26g6730126 of the tota i which huze boulder might crash down f • •_,'_, .-..-.I,, rf,,,,Mo (v, D sale of securities to raise" money for defense. Congress has been asked for S3,- 000,000 for publicity and advertising expenses of the sales campaign. During the day, the treasury disclosed that expenditures for the fiscal year which began last July 1, already had reached 57,00(1,182.011. Defense accounted for huge boulder might the mountain. The Lockheed aircraft factory in Burbank today resumed operations building warplanes for Britain and the United States after having shut down last night until waters which had seeped into the plant could be pumped out. The night crew of 8,000 workers was sent home early as a result of the flooding and the overnight crew of 5,000 men were told by radio an- ! was almost exactly federal revenues in nouncements work. not to report for Freighter Crispin Sinking Revealed LONDON, Feb. 2(MAP)-The armed auxiliary vessel Crispin has y week's offensive, been sunk, the admiralty an-thrust, the Albanian nounced tonight. •^-^— Lloyd's Register Shipping lists the British of Merchant Crispin as a ' •. built in double the the similar period. Borrowing to pay the S3,- 454,698,104 deficit had boosted the debt today to $46,047,846,690. Greeks Mop Up Italian Nests ATHENS, Feb. 20—(AP)—Little activity was reported today from the Greek-Italian war front in Albania except for artillery dueling and consolidation of minor Greek gains in central sectors. The Greeks organized new advance positions there, it was said, and mopped up nests of Italian resistance which remained after front has not changed materially for weeks.) Greek artillerymen were credited in one front report with capsizing boats in which Italian units were retiring across an unidentified river. Scores dumped from the shellfire were said Aid Committee Urged Scott W. Lucas, Democrat, senator, Illinois, introduced an amendment for a joint six-man congressional committee to consult with President Roosevelt on administration of the aid. The amendment, however, would not require that the President consult with the group which would consist of the Democratic and Republican leaders of the house and senate and the chairmen of the senate and house committees on foreign relations. Charles senator, New Hampshire, introduced a joint resolution authorizing the secretary of the treasury to make $2,000,000,000 available to Britain "in exchange for such portions of the various islands in the Caribbean sea which the President and secretary of the navy shall determine to be appropriate for the establishment of naval bases vital to the defense of the United States." Tobey's proposal would require the British to agree to immediate seizure of the islands by the United States if Britain sought to transfer them voluntarily or otherwise to another power. Homer T. Bone, Democrat, senator, Washington, demanded to know if it was true, as related in a story by Thomas F. Stokes of the Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance, that Britain was trying to give the United States "swamp lands" in exchange for the 50 destroyers transferred last year. "Britain is in a hell of a fix," Bone stormed. "Why can't the British government be as generous as this government, which is preparing to give- away its shirt? Certainly Britain, in her death grapple with Germany, should be prepared to give us decent land." Barkley suggested that Bone talk with Stokes and added that the United States had to deal with private citizens in chaining land for bases on British possessions. o Mexican Passport Scandal Uncovered MEXICO, D. F,, Feb. 20-(AP)- covered by immigration inspectors at the United States frontier. It said the holders 01 the passports "spoke a language believed to be Russian." Additional false passports had been found ontvisitors from South America, it saia? after German raiders had made another heavy assault on objectives in South Wales. London had had an earlier alarm, but it was over at 10 p. m. last night. Flying by starlight the Germans roared over London and towns in West England, Southwest England and South Wales where the industrial port of Swansea bore the brunt of a Wednesday night raid. South Wales Bombed Soon after nightfall, th- 1 raiders made a heavy attack on a town in (perhaps Swansea over in a steady South Wales, again) coming stream and dropping a large number of incendiary bombs, followed by high explosives. They were met by intense antiaircraft fire. The night raiders came after sporadic day attacks on four East England towns by lone warplanes, two of which were reported lost. No damage was reported in the towns. Nineteen dead and 52 wounded were removed from a large London municipal hospital, one wing of which was blown apart by a direct hit last night. Patients Killed In Beds Patients were killed in their beds and others were found trapped in the wreckage. Some patients had to be removed from another wing in which a delayed-action bomb lodged. A few persons were killed in other places in London and there were several casualties and much damage in Swansea, in the Wednesday night raid. The government "also reported attacks in East Scotland and South England. The authorities permitted it to be' disclosed that Southwark Cathedral, only medieval structure which has been preserved in the oldest part of London, was damaged in a recent raid. Also called St. Saviour's Church, the cathedral was associated with the times of Chaucer and Shakespeare. It contained a chapel dedicated to John Harvard, founder of Harvard University. Spitfires, Two Aviators Lost DOVER, Eng., Feb. 20— (AP)— Two British Spitfire fighter planes plummeted to earth in flames near here tonight, victims of an aerial , _..,, dogfight in a snowstorm when a The newspaper Ultimas Noticias British patrol intercepted a or- said a "scandalous falsification of mation of German planes crossing Mexican passport' had been dis- the channel. Both the British pilots were reported to have leaped with parachutes, but both were believed killed. Witnesses said one of me pilots who jumped was carried out to sea by a strong witd. Both planes crasheQ ashore. \Y/ ASHINGTON ' Feb W (AP)— Swift steps will be taken to strengthen American air power in the Pacific, it was reported here today, while Shanghai accounts told of new Japanese military movements southward. Both army and navy fighting planes of the latest types are to be dispatched to the Pacific fleet, Gen. George Marshall, chief of staff, was said to have disclosed to the senate military affairs committee at a secret session. Situation Is "Serious" Some committee members said he described the far-eastern situation as "serious" and asserted army and navy chiefs had no intention of stripping American defenses to speed up war equipment deliveries to the British. One conimittccman said Marshall left the impression that the administration believed Germany was-«rgmg Japan tn enter the war and to come to grips with the United States in the Far East in order to divert American attention from the British-aid program. This was one reason, it was reported, that reinforcement of the air strength of the Pacific fleet :was in prospect immediately. Discussing England's needs, the army chief of staff was said to have told the committee that what the British wanted most was the long-range American bombers now coming off the production lines. Better Th?n Previous Ones He was reported to have observed that- they were considerably better planes than were being produced six months or even three months ago. Reinforcement of air fighting units in the Pacific and legislation just passed by the house for building up defense outposts at faraway Guam and Samoa were regarded in some circles as parallel to recent British moves to strengthen defenses at the Singapore naval base and in the Northern Malayan Peninsula. The number of planes to be dispatched to the fleet was not disclosed. Australian troops arrived this week at Singapore, considered possibly the first naval objective of Japan in any thrust which migh; be made toward the rich Netherlands East Indies. British air reinforcements also have been sent to the northern part of the Malayan Peninsula neai Thailand (Siam) and French Indo- China, on whom Japan was reported to have made sweeping military and economic demands. Stepping Sto-nes The Shanghai reports of new Japanese troop movements said army contingents aboard transports were headed southward from Formosa and Japan proper, presumably en route to Hainan Island or Indo-China, which were considered possible stepping stones for any Japanese drive against Singapore or the East Indies. As uncertainty over Japanese intentions kept far-eastern tension high, Kichisaburo Nomura, ambassador, was reported to be holding back definite proposals for improving Japanese relations with the United States until a more favorable opportunity arose. He acknowledged at a press conference yesterday that he found the "atmosphere" in the United States worse than he had expected. The American government, while apparently welcoming any Japanese move toward more favorable treatment of American interests in the Far East, has made it clear that far greater problems now exist in American-Japanese relations. These center on Japan's alliance with Germany and Italy. Budget - Evening Board Is Named WASHINGTON, Feb. 20— (AP) A special senate committee of three, headed by Senator Tydings, Democrat, Maryland, was created today to study the federal government's fiscal setup with a view to formulating a plan for an "automatically balanced budget in times of peace," Other members, named by Vice- president Wallace under terms of a resolution by Tydings proposing the inquiry, are Thomas, Democrat, Utah, and Holman, Republican, Oregon. Tydings said the committee, which will have 510,000 for the study, will begin its studies promptly. Britain Maps Greek Aid To Offset Nazis (Additional War Stories, Fags 7) | (By United Press) G REAT BRITAIN appeared early today to be preparing for a showdown with Germany in the Balkans with Greece, Bulgaria and Rumania as the battlegrounds. The chief of Britain's imperial general staff, Gen. Sir, John Dill, and Anthony Eden, foreign secretary, arrived in Egypt by plane to map what British quarters described as "offensive as well as defensive" military and diplomatic action in the Near East. V;. v Belgrade heard that British naval and air forces had occupied and were fortifying the strategic Greek island of Lemnos in the Upper Aegean which is almost within sight of the Dardanelles and the Greek peninsula of Salonika upon which rests Germany's covetous eye. All Balkan reports seemed to indicate that Adolf Hitlei 1 is preparing to send his armies southward across Nazi-intimidated Bulgaria in an effort to fores the Greeks to capitulate to a dictated peace with Italy, thereby driving the British into the sea from their Southeastern European foothold. Nazis Bridge River From Belgrade, Budapest and Zurich it was reported the German army, of 350,000 or more troops in Rumania was throwing pontoon bridges across the Danube and that German forces already had crosse'd to Bulgarian soil, mostly around Ruschuk, although it was said these .may . have been "practice maneuvers" for a large-" Turk Threat To Repudiate Pact Voiced ISTANBUL, Feb. 20—(UP)—A Turkish foreign office source intimated tonight that Turkey's new nonaggression accord with Bulgaria will be repudiated if German armed forces are permitted -to use Bulgarian territory as a base for attacking Greece. If Adolf Hitler attempts to strike across Bulgaria against Greece, it was suggested in British quarters, Turkey may declare war under her alliances with Britain and Greece. In such an event, it was said, the Turks probably would con• fine themselves to defensive warfare, for which their army is best adapted, but would permit British warships to pass through the Dardanelles. British warships moving through the Dardanelles would . be able to bombard heavily Germany's supply lines and the Black sea ports and naval bases of Rumania and Bulgaria. Meanwhile, according to the suggestion of British quarters in Istanbul, British troops would establish bases in Turkey. The Turkish foreign office source said Turkey, despite the new accord of friendship and nonaggression with ' Bulgaria, retains "full freedom of action" in event Bulgaria allows German forces to pass through for an attack to force the Greeks to make peace, with Italv. The Turkish-British mutual aid pact remains as strong as ever, he said. In this connection, it was disclosed tonight that Franz von Papen, German ambassador, Hitler's No. I diplomatic trouble-shooter, repeatedly had attempted to get the Turkish government to mediate a peace between Greece and Italy but that Turkey had refused flatly. Greek diplomats, angrily denying that any Italo-Greek peace negotiations were under way, said peace would involve Britain's withdrawal from Greece and a German occupation to which Greece never would submit. Gas Escapes, 34 Collapse DETROIT, Feb. 20—(AP)— Fumigating gas—and "mass hysteria"—were said by Otto G. Lindemeyer, fire marshal, tonight to probably have caused the collapse today of 34 women employees of the Webster Eisenlohr, Inc., cigar factory here. The gas, Lindemeyer said, apparently escaped from a basement chamber in which raw tobacco is fumigated. The women were given first-aid treatment at receiving hospital and all but one were released within a few hours. At the hospital physicians said that laboratory tests indicated that not more than 10 of the group actually had inhaled the gas. The fire marshal said he believed some of the women'collapsed from excitement when the words "escaping gas" were first whispered, then screamed in their workroom, Carl Jensen, plant superintendent, said he saw women "start dropping, one here, one- there," and rushed for aid. Four police patrol wagons and three ambulances were used to transfer the women to the hospital. Nearly scale occupation of Bulgaria to come later. Thus, the arrival in the Near East of Eden and General Dill, seemed to emphasize that Britain ' and Germany are engaged in "a race for the Balkans. Why, in view of the known fact that Britain has only meager forces in Greece at present, doesn't Hitler strike down against Greece without delay to beat the British there? The explanation is that Hitler's entire Balkan policy is ' based on intimidation and ac- • complishraent of his ends without spreading the war to a ; new front. If there is to be war in the Balkans—not only involving Greece but Rumania, Bulgaria and perhaps Turkey as well—he wants the British to take the initiative. .'=• " If the British should launch" the attack, perhaps after * successful German effort to obtain peace between Greece and Italy, Hitler would raise a howl of "aggression!" and hope thereby to neutralize Turkey by making inoperative her' mutual assistance pact with Britain which provides for joint warfare only in event of" an axis attack spreading the war to the Balkans and Eastern Mediterranean. Furthermore, before he moves across Bulgaria toward a further Balkan mop-up. Hitler must bring Yugoslavia into his skein of.iin-" timidation and, although there "are strong indications that Yugoslavia will'submit, the Yugoslavs haven't given their answer. With the promise of a slice, of Albanian territory and perhaps a p corridor across Greece's Mace- K donia to Salonika, Hitler wants P the right to move supplies across |?i Yugoslavia . which offers the only | : i feasible railroad route to Greece fj for him. The Yugoslavs are stall- £l ing, realizing that to submit would <H bring them under the menace of f'.'i British aerial attacks. . Si! Assault Delay Seen f:; There are many well-informed E;[! observers who believe that Hitler's f}{ real Balkan thrust will be -delayed, |S perhaps as long as six weeks or fi> two months, and will then become? p a segment of an all-out "supreme P axis assault." If'! This all-or-nothing assault |p may carry the Germans down || through France and Spain to JU attack Gibraltar and the west- <*! ern gateway of the Mediter-. |;j ranean, across the Mediter- Jyi ranean from the Nazi bases in ?;• Sicily to French North Africa K to hammer at Britain's victor!- -• £'•! ous Army of the Nile and may p even include a simultaneous fij Japanese thrust in the Far I;j East. j$ Then would come the grand as- f i; sault on the British Isles—German Is: bombers to fill the sky, hundreds fc":j of submarines and perhaps an f': actual attempt at sea-borne in- ri vasion following an aerial attack !': of "total destruction." ... p No one can profess to know Hit- £? ler's strategy and these surmises Si- are no more than the guesses -of EH European observers but it can b* & said that the British themselves I: foresee the big test of their re« §-' sistance on four fronts—the Brit- m ish Isles, Gibraltar, the Balkans M and French Tunisia. §1 Threat Remains Acute *$ The threat that Hitler may de- K] cide to strike across the Mediter- j' ; ! ranean, seizing France's Bizerta fll naval bases and claiming the im- S : .i mobilized French fleet even at-the I ; risk of war against Gen. Maxima fe Weygand's North African army, ifj remains acute. |;,' Hitler has made ' demands "on <•$ France so strong as to be tanta- $1 mount to throwing France back into the war. The 6S-day-old stalemate in French-German relations resulting from the Vichy government's refusal remained unbroken last night when Adm. Francois Darlan returned to Vichy and reported that in two days of consultations in Paris he had been unable to find a solution. Both France and Spain are threatened with starvation and, like Rumania and Bulgaria and perhaps Yugoslavia, 400 others were the ordered out In to Hitler even it It means war for them. Hitler doesn't seek these countries as allies, but merely as vassals for the emergencies of the moment, and his working principle like that of Machiavelli is that it jgf I is far more imj»rtant to be feared .•* Ithan to be lorfs, ' ...

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