Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 20, 1941 · Page 66
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 66

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Thursday, February 20, 1941
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ARUQNA PUBLISHING- OOMMXT* HweoU, ArUon* Chairman or the Board wd PubluJier ........................ Charles X SteuKer PreHdent mnd General Manager w i „, •*•»• "• -B. P- Secretary «"<i Business Manager Treasurer and Circulation Mannger Oliver King ARIZ THURSDAY MORNING From its very inaction, idleness ultimately becomes tlie most active cause of evil; as a palsy is more to be dreaded than a fever. —Cotton. With The New Expediter In Operation Things Should Hum On The Atlantic U. S. Senator W. E. Borah of Idaho who shortly before his death was universally recognized as a man of superior perception described the world conflict then getting under way as a "phony war". There was then some doubt, which still persists, as to what Mr. Borah meant by "phony"; whether he regarded the war or the preparation for the war in which we were threatening to engage as something different from what we were pretending it to be; whether, so that when it was all over, we could say in behalf of the administration that it kept us out of war." Should war however ensue then the actual fomenters could say for the administration that it had tried to keep us out of war. That is to say that our policy in respect of war is best described by that phrase sometimes heard in sporting circles, the art of "playing both ends against the middle." We think that that was what Mr. Borah had in mind when he called the war a "phony" war. We believe the senator had in mind a comparison of the administration's "peace-war" policies with the Missourian's patent trap which "ketched 'em comin' or goin'." Things, however, have come to a pass that robs the war of a phony character, if it .was ever intended in Washington to deceive the people so that they could the more easily be led through the slaughterhouse. We have little doubt now that a very large majority of American citizens now believe that we are already in the war, or else we are definitely committed to war as if a declaration of war had been made. The situation must be regarded as a most serious one, and by which we are again shown that no situation can be so serious as not to be lightened here and there by some touch of humor. We learn, among other things, that the President, on his own admission, unawed by the sacred character of Noah Webster, has laid impious hands upon the "Unabridged" and has caused to be inserted into it a new phrase, "Production Expediter." The circumstances attending this emendation of that sacred book are funnier or phonier than the act itself. The foregoing phrase describes the functions of the new title holder, Expediter William Averil Harriman, a New York socialite, whose business it now becomes to hasten to Britain with the greatest possible expedition by clipper or otherwise, to make room there for everything short of war, which is now being piled up on our shores. Thus the impression-is created that we too need room for armament of every kind, which under the lease-lend act has already created a congestion at all Atlantic ports. Casual news readers had somehow gathered an illusion that there is no congestion of armament in this country; that, on the contrary, all avenues to our factories and shops are overwhelmed by patriots bearing blueprints of planes, range finders, bombers and other lethal weapons designed for the undoing of Hitler. . Gentlemen who have charge of rearmament production have been complaining because of the lagging war defense program. What with strikes and other causes of delay we have only a surplus of raw materials. Plane factories which we had been told would turn out 10,000 a month feel that under the circumstances they are doing well to turn out 720 a month. Now in view of these facts we think our "Expediter" will have a juicy job indefinitely; until at least in both Britain and the United States there may be something to "expedite." Mr. Jones Speaks With Clarity Far-Reaching Decision Jesse Jones, who holds the dual role of jecretary of commerce and federal loan administrator, probably came nearer speaking the truth when he said "We (this country) are nearly in the •war" than a great many persons realize. The remarks of tht secretary were stricken from the record of the congressional committee before which _he made the statement, but that in no way changes them, nor refutes them. The President termed the declaration of the secretary a lot of words that did not mean anything. The reverse was true. They were a few words with a world of meaning. Officially, this country is not in the war but unofficially it is practically in it. Those might, in the opinion of the President, be a lot of words without meaning but the actual step, if it is taken, which will place this country officially in the war is a very short one. In fact, the step it to short, that a slight stumble or a minute glide of the foot would do the trick. Not Sound Reasoning A great many Americans are persuading themselves that the United States is not in any danger of an invasion should Germany win this war. They point out that Germany has never been able to get across 22 miles of channel to Invade England, hence it is not to be expected that the Germans would be able to get across 3,000 miles of ocean. There is not good logic in such thinking. We have an idea that the Nazis can get across that 22 miles of water any time that they want to start. It is not the getting across that bothers them. The difficulty is staying after they get across. It is said that it is not the fall that kills one, but the bump at the end of it That is the position of the Germans with respect to invading Great Britain. The trip can be made without disaster. That will come at the end of the trip. Incidentally, Great Britain has a great navy which makes the passage of the 22 miles more hazardous. England also has prepared a great defense in anticipation of this possibility. That defense is confined to a comparatively short coast line so that one might say that the whole force against the invasion is concentrated. This country has a long coast line. It would be impractical to concentrate the defense of that coast line in one small spot as England can do Even if it were known exactly where the enemy was going to strike in an invasion, it would be rather hard to concentrate the repelling forces at that spot It Is dangerous thinking to reason that because the Nazis can't jump 22 miles of English channel, they could not jump 3,000 miles of ocean. We do not anticipate that this test will ever be made but if Great Britain is defeated to this war, the test will certainly come: These Americans who feel this courSry' is safe against invasion because of tl« Jn^SS? ° Ceans may awaken to End that 3,000 miles of ocean offers a much better highway of invasion than does 22 The decision of the United States Supreme Court unholding the efforts of the state of Iowa to force mail order houses outside of the state to collect Iowa's two-cent sales tax on all goods sold by such businesses to residents in that state is likely to have a far-reaching effect. Heretofore, it has been generally conceded that the tax jurisdiction of a state did not exceed beyond its boundaries. It has never been believed that one state could regulate or tax something that took place in another state. This ruling of the court is based on sales taxes on goods bought by residents of Iowa from firms outside of the state, the high court holding such taxes to be levied by the state for the use of the articles. Whether it applies to other types of excise taxes is questionable but it certainly paves the way for future decisions upholding the right of states to collect other excises outside of their . boundaries. If the decision in this case becomes a precedent, it will be possible for the Iowa tax officials to make shippers in Arizona of grapefruit, melons, lettuce, etc., their collectors and force them to collect a two-cent sales tax for Iowa on the produce they ship into that state. This is but one of thousands of similar examples, many of which would affect Arizona sellers shipping things to Iowa or other states similarly situated with respect to sales taxes. There arises another question in connection with this ruling of the high court The state of Iowa can know only through one method exactly how much mail order business any mail order house has done in Iowa and that is to audit the books of the concern. Does this decision of the high court give the authorities of Iowa jurisdiction to walk into the main office of a mail order house in another state and force that business to permit them the free run of its books? That was not made clear in the decision, but an audit of the books of the company is the only way In which the Iowa tax officials are going to know how much mail order business any firm did with residents in Iowa and upon which a sales tax should have been collected. Incidentally, suppose that a mail order house in Illinois refuses to collect the sales taxes on goods sold by it in ;r'W efUSes to pay the tax. ev en though the high court has said it must? What steps can the officials of Iowa lake to punish the mail order house for not complying with its law? Particu- 1 " ly , J are these questions pertinent should the officials of Illinois refuse to ° mCialS t0 take such lib ' This decision in the Iowa case is the first break in the dykes which have heretofore held the boundaries of all *>, a l! S te ] violate exce Pt in the case of the federal government Now that the hole has been punched, the question is how wide-sweeping will be the flood Ld how long will the dykes stand, once »n«^f » Pplne ° £ authori ties becomes general? A new era in the history of states rights has been written by the high court »Ues of stormy channel with certain death at the end of the trip acroa it. no matter which direction is taken. mil Mnlilpl* Wire.TrMKonUnental Trunk Services at ' ASSOCIATED PKESS UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL NEWS SERVICE The Associated Press Is exrlusively enUUed to the use for publlcaH™, -. news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper and ," "B local news published herein. All rights of reproduction of special dispatch.?? °* are also reserved. "" Why Not Make 'Em Fight It Out In There? Arizona Republic Staff Artist By Beg Manning Pneumonia Often Due To Tiredness Or Exhaustion A current movie shows an elderly physician and his assistant trying to find why every patient with pneumonia does not recover instead of only 98 per cent. Why should even two per cent die? As I followed the movie I had in mind the great number of cases of pneumonia that accompanied and followed the influenza epidemic of 1918 and 1919, when physicians felt that a recovery of 90 per cent in pneumonia was satisfactory. That the death rate should be reduced to about 2 per cent by the use of the new drugs, sulphanilimide and sulphapyridine, is a wonderful accomplishment, yet, as the picture teaches, why shouldn't all cases recover? The fact that pneumonia often followed the flu is not because of the flu In itself, but because the flu so exhausts the patient, particularly his heart, that when another infection, a serious infection like pneumonia, occurs, the patient may not have enough strength left to fight it We have all known of cases where the husband had pneumonia and the wife not only waited on him practically day and night but had to carry also the worry about him In her heart The husband re- covers but with the danger past the wife is stricken with pneumonia and, being worn out with her nursing and anxiety, fails to survive. The same may occur when the wife is stricken first and the husband, worn and worried, develops pneumonia and passes away. The loss of rest, and not eating enough food, while nursing or worrying about the patient, is a big factor in lowering the physical strength and the resistance to the disease. The point is that it is the tiredness and weakness of the body that enables pneumonia organisms already in the system, or in the air of the sickroom or home, to successfully attack the body and the symptoms develop. The thought for all of us, then, that when a cold hangs on, when we are attacked by flu, when we've been working hard and are very tired, we are in just the right condition for pneumonia organisms to get their hold. The prevention of pneumonia, then, is proper rest and plenty of nourishing foods. Should you get a cold or flu, go to bed and remain in bed one day more after temperature is normal for each degree of temperature that was present during the attack. Everyday Poems —By Anne Campbell — PACKING FOR CAMP He's traveling light, for he does not pack One bit of care in his new knapsack. He's folding his mother's prayers to take, His best girl's hope that he get a break. The firm regard of his loyal friends, And a smile for use when the journey ends! He's traveling light, for he takes along A pipe, a book and a college song; A letter that promises love to last Till the swinging, marching miles are past; A hope for the days that are to be, And a high resolve to live valiantly! He's traveling light, though he takes with him Love for his country the years won't dim, Or hardships cloud, or dangers mar. Though his pilgrimage should end in war. The boy of our heart is traveling light . On a road turning ever to the Right! PORTRAIT Always when she planned ahead, "If it be God's will!" she said. Making her small garden, she Leaned upon Infinity. Moving through her quiet days, On her lips were faith and praise. Hers was just a commonplace. Narrow life, though touched with grace. In her eyes, resigned and grave, Lay her hopes, exalted, brave, For a life that would fulfill The dimensions of God's will. PLANS FOR THE WEDDING The bombs are falling on ancient castles. Over the world the war is spreading. The tyrants lash at their loyal vassals, But we are immersed in plans for the wedding! The groom may be called to be a defender, For of our destinies, that is man's. But we are intrigued by an age-old splendor, Busily making our wedding plans. Empires may fall and the world may perish! Love still endures. Though we may be shedding Tears for the death of the hopes we cherish, We must keep on with plans for the wedding! and Q University the Masses By FREDERIC J. HASKIN A A reader can get the anmver to any question of fact by writing The Arizona Republic Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haikln. director. tVathlnxton. D. C. Fleaae enclose three centt for reply. • Q. Are there any islands In Great Salt Lake? T. C. J. A. The lake contains nine islands, the longest being 16 miles in length. Q. What is a rain-tri ? B. H. A. It is a tropical South American tree so called from the fact that the ejection of juice by cicadas upon it causes it to appear to be always raining under its branches. Q. Is tea harmful to athletes in training? : K. C. A. On the contrary, approximately 70 per cent of all college football coaches serve tea at training tables. Q. Who was the oldest president to take office? Who was the youngest? A. J. P. A. William H. Harrison was the oldest president, taking office at the age of 68. Theodore Roosevelt was the youngest, becoming president at the age of 42. Q. What is the Oregon Boundary Treaty? R. P. J. A. The Oregon Boundary Treaty was negotiated with Great Britain in 1846. It settled the question of the boundary between Canada and the United States, from the Rocky Mountains westward. The dividing line was fixed at the 49th parallel. Q. Who was the earliest writer to employ science in fiction? A. M. V. A. Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac was the first writer to use the novel to teach natural science, and was thus a forerunner of Jules Verne and H. G. Wells. Q. Why was Edgar Allan Poe expelled from West Point? A. T. A. The writer was admitted to West Point on July 1,1830, his dismissal by court-martial taking effect on March 6, 1831. The reasons cited were a total neglect of his studies, drinking, and an attempt to undermine discipline. Q. What animal substances are used in perfume? T. H. A. Musk is the most important of the animal perfumes. It is a reddish-brown substance of the consistency of honey, obtained from the musk deer. Ambergris, from whales; civet, from the glands of the civet cat; and castor from the glands of the beaver are other animal substances used as perfumes. Q. Please Rive a brief explanation of the Monroe Doctrine. J. F. H. A. The Monroe ~)octrine is ex- sentially a declaration by the United States of opposition to any non- American action encroaching upon the political independence of any American state and to the acquisition of any territory in the Americas by any non-American power. Q. Why Is a presiding officer called a chairman? J. P. C. A. In the days of antiquity chairs were used only by chiefs and kings, others standing or sitting on the floor. Therefore to occupy a chair means to occupy the place of authority. Q. What was the longest battle in ring; history under the modern rules? A. S. P. A. The longest fight with gloves was that between Andy Bowen and Jack Burke at New Orleans, April 6, 1893. It lasted seven hours, 19 minutes. Q. In what year was Florida taken into the United States? H.T. P. A. Florida was admitted to the union on March 3,1845. Q. Where were the first are lights installed? B. M. A. The first arc lights for public street lighting were made by Charles Brush, and were used in the public square in Cleveland, O., April 29, 1879. have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance. —St. Matthew 9:13 The War As A Conspiracy By WUJJS THORNTON If it be true, and there is certainly a great deal of truth in it, that the natioi» : of the world stumbled blindly into war in 1914, that is surely not the case this Unit* The World War need never have happened. Certainly it need not have hapii pened when it did. One word of restraint from Berlin to the stupid and rasr militarists in charge of the Vienna war office would have halted the whofe,' ghastly business. There is some reason to believe that Berlin wanted to speak tha£ word, but dared not. And then, one after another, the nations followed one another into the war like sheep following their leader into the slaughter pen. In short, there always was a possibility in the kaiser's Germany that that great country might have gone on to greater scientific, economic, and even sodal triumphs, and thus found its true "place in the sun" without war. True, It dy not work out that way, but the possibility existed. * * * In the third reich, which took charge of Germany in 1933, there never was any such possibility. Seven million unemployed brought Hitler to power, .and the Nazi party never did have any plan for them except to build an immense military machine. , ' Had the billions spent by the Nazis on that military machine been spent In legitimate trade expansion, in social improvement, in the peaceful development ! of Germany into an expanded place in the world, today might have been far different. Perhaps, Germany being what it was, this was impossible. At any rate it was never tried. The third reich started oat with no other premise than the building of a huge military machine, no other philosophy but that of a "master race" with an evangelical mission to expand.^ It is now clear (unfortunately it was not so clear to most people eight years: ago) that war was the logical and only possible outcome of all this. The agreement with Russia to partition Poland, which gave Germany the green light for the attack on that country, was conspiratorial in a sense beyond the alliances that preceded the World War. Those, at least, were comparatively open. Mussolini's entrance into this war was less conspiratorial and opportunistic, for no one could claim that Italy had any more provocation with France on June 11, 1910, when she declared war, than she had in September, 1939, when the war began. So too the Japanese advance into French Indo-China and southward Is made without even any claim that there is a provocation. It is simply part of the conspiracy, timed for a moment when Britain is ill able to protect the status quo The world of 1914 always devised a cause for its wars; often a phony cause, true but a cause. It remained for 1940 to usher in a series of conspiratorial wars launched without even a suggestion of a cause or provocation. The Once Over IT. S. CRUISER MIAMI "One of the 23 new cruisers being built by the U. S. Navy will be named after Miami."—News item. * * * "Well, I just can't wait for that one," declared Elmer Twitchell today. "I'll bet it will have $2 mutuel windows under the gun turrets, a swing orchestra fore and aft, and banners all over it advertising eateries, clubs, ston- crabs, the dog track and turtle steaks. * • • "I'll bet there's a fight going on right now to see whether Harry Richman, Sophie Tucker, Dwight Fiske, or Miss Miami Beach will christen it." * • * Elmer chuckled softly. "Imagine a war vessel named Miami!" he continued. "You just can't associate the two things easily. But I think such a ship would have a fine influence in any war. The minute the enemy sailors saw 'Miami* on a cruiser their thoughts would swing to bathing Beauties, cabana clubs, moonlight nights on white beaches, pink flamingoes, and all that sort of stuff. * • * "I understand the news that a cruiser will be named after Miami has already started the chambers of commerce of other Florida resorts on the warpath. Miami Beach won't stand for anything less than a battleship named after her, and Coral Gables thinks she rates some sort of naval recognition. Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood, Key West, St. Petersburg, Fort Myers, Tampa, Daytona Beach, and Kissimmee are all in the running, too. * * • "Palm Beach ain't doing a thing, how- ever. She knows she couldn't get a thing from this administration. # * * "I want to be around when the Miami is launched. It'll be an event worth seeing, if Miami has anything to say. Not just an orthodox launching, with some senator's daughter christening it in the presence of five or six dignitaries. Nothing like that will do. Why they turned out the governor, the lieutenant governor, the secretary of state, the mayor, the city commissioners, the fire department, and the troops down there the other day when Deanna Durbin got off a train. * * * "They put on a pageant there for Jockey Taylor, Milton Berle or any pretty divorcee arriving with her third playboy husband. Can you Imagim what Miami would do about christening a cruiser! • » * •There'll be a hundred naked women, scores of night-club entertainers and aH the best-known race-track figures at tie launching. There'll be bands, firework* Hawaiian dancers, diving stars and noted golfers, and over all will hanj the delicate odor of hot dogs, hamburgers, chili, and sunburn oils. * * * "I wanna be there when she goes over," concluded Elmer. "And I hope everything won't be spoiled at the crest of the festivities by armed gangsters swooping down on the cruiser, sticking up the whole party and escaping with the champagne, the compass, the skipper's wife, and the $350,000 pearl necklace worn day and night by Mable (Fatty) McGrunt, wife of Otto Mc- Grunt, the millionaire oilman." Do YOU Remember? 20 Years Ago: Feb. 20, 1921 Dr. H. H. Stone has re-entered the practice of medicine in Phoenix after an absence of several years. He left here In 1916 to make his' home in Los Angeles. The Willard Skousen ranch southwest of Mesa has been purchased by Idaho people, who have shipped equipment here and are moving onto the place. The consideration for the property was said to be $85,000. Licenses to marry were issued yesterday to" Pontaleon Gallard and Cruz Haire, both of Mesa; Samuel M. Wilson and Mariece Seuvner, both of Phoenix; William H. Muderback, Phoenix, and Mary Carroll, Lake City, Colo.; Jase- marco Mendebil and Auroa G. Martinez, both of Mesa; Elesio Fiscaline and Lucia Garcia, both of Phoenix; Gregorio Nunez and Eva Alvarado, both of Phoenix; Gregorio Flores and Maria C. Vfflegas, both of Tempe; Bernard Hobold and Opal Bartrom, both of Phoenix; and Walter Goodwin Western and Esther Bernice Bowlin, both of Phoenix. A prize to the person who can refrain .from laughing during the evening will be one of the features of a box social and dance to be given by Phoenix Lodge No. 799, Independent Order of B'nal B'rith tomorrow evening. The highest temperature in the city yesterday was 72 degrees and the lowest was 46 degrees. There was no rain. Dr. R. C. Williams of the public health service has been ordered to Washington, D. C., for an examination for promotion to the grade of past assistant surgeon. He will return to Phoenix later to complete a survey In which he is now engaged. L. W. Sadler has been elected president and manager r,t the Carl H. Anderson Insurance Agency to succeed the late Carl H. Anderson. Mr. Sadler has been a resident of the city for the past 13 years. The Phoenix Rifle Club will hold one of its biggest shoots on Washington's Birthday, February 22, on the national guard rifle range six miles east of the city on McDowell road. Dean C. M. Butler of the college of mines and engineering, University of Arizona, has returned to Tucson after a business visit in Phoenix. Miss Ruth Burk of Gilbert is spending a brief vacation at her home after attending business college in Phoenix. E. O. Whitcomb, a former resident of Tempe, is now living in Phoenix. Harry J. Collins, golf professional at the San Marcos hotel in Chandler, has gone to Los Angeles, where he will lay out a golf course near that city. Later in the spring he will return to the Flossmor club In Chicago. 40 Years Ago: Feb. 20, 1901 The office of the board of supervisor! was turned over yesterday to the me-. chanics who are engaged in placing the new filing cases in the vault A close calculation was made in ordering the new boxes and there are just enough of them to occupy every foot of wall space in the vault. The Indian school line of the street railway is proving an extremely profitable branch of the system. Three taps last Sunday netted $25. There wasnt standing room on the cars and eventie strap hanging room was exhausted. Tie concert of the Indian School band was the attraction at the north end of the line. The maximum temperature in the city was 78 degrees and the minimum was 52 degrees. There was no rainfall. Another very large crowd attended the continuation of the Chinese New Year's celebration in Chinatown last night The fireworks exhibition was much better than that of the previous- night. H. Huning arrived from Showlow yesterday to spend a few days In the dry on business. J. B. Williams left on last nlghf! train for Williams. E. Hardy came in from Sacaton yesterday on business. , Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Baker arrlvM from Prescott last night on a visit « several days in the city. , Mr. and Mrs. George E. Sanders 01 Wickenburg are visitors in the city. Vernon Clark is entertaining his amu, Mrs. Lamb, and her daughter. Tney arrived yesterday from Kansas City- D. M. Riordan and two daughter came in yesterday from Flagstaff a™ will remain in the city for several nays J. C. Herndon and Robert E. Morrison came down from Prescott last nign to spend a few days in the city on iega» business. t, George A. Smith of Tucson, ft™'™ a Phoenix businessman, is here on short business trip. . ,. W. A. Kimball of Mesa was a uusi ness visitor in the city yesterday. C. E. Mills came in yesterday fi°» Morenci and will remain In the city « several days on business. . . M. Breen of Nogales is a visitor m the city, arriving yesterday. J. M. Woolf of Tempe returned yesterday from a business trip to \Vasflins ton, D. C. _ f Mrs. F. M. Kirkwood and Mrs. K- » Andre, both of Tempe, were visitors ^ Phoenix yesterday. ,. Ed L. Pomeroy arrived in Mesa yo terday from Minnehaha flat where « has been working in the Butter Miss Lou Hale of Tempe left day for Los Angeles on a business mi

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