Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on May 20, 1897 · Page 2
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 2

Sterling, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, May 20, 1897
Page 2
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O Ofle to the tJrtett Sl*v#. K* by jmore than Mos- Jpm fetter? thralrd! tnarble prison of a radiant thought, -* Where life is hair recall'd, And beauty dwells, created, not en- v wrought— "Why hauntest thou iriy dreams, enrobed in light, And atmosphere^ with purity, wherein - - ' Mine own soul la transfigured, and prows bright,Aa thniiKh nn angel smiled away its Fin! of Art! tnaldcrt shape makes O chastity Behold! this solitude ' Of all the busy mart; •beneath Tier soul's immeasurable woe, All sensuous vision lies subdued. And from her veiled eyes th« tlow Of. tcarn. Is Inward turned upon her ' . ' heart; • While on the prisoning lips Her eloquent spirit swoons, . And from the lustrous brow's i*t'llpso ' / Falls patient glory, as from clouded moonsl Kfvero In vestal Brace, yet warm And Hoxilo with the delicate glow of youth, ' She stands, the sweet embodiment of Truth; • Her pure thoughts clustering around her form, ..•••.- Jjlkc seraph garments, -whiter than the Bnowra Which the wild sea upthrows. O Genius! thou canst chain Not marble only, but tho human soul, And melt the heart with soft control, And' wake such reverence In tha ' brain, That man may be forgiven, ; If In the ancient days ho dwelt Idolatrous with sculptured llle, ana knelt •"...• To Beauty more than Heaven! adore••••"• - "The Inrtnlte Source of all their glorloua thought. • ' ?So blessed Art, like Nature, la o er- fraught With, such a wondrous store •Of hallowed Influence, that wo wno gaze ,'•'"•'•-' Aright on her creations, haply pray , nnd.praise! . •Go, then, fair Slave! and in thy fetters teach What Heaven Inspired and Genius hath designed— . "- iBe thou Evangel of true Art, ana preach ' The freedom of the mind! - : John Brown'* I>»»t Day*. The following characteristic letter from John Brown, written only a few days before his execution, has Just been published for the first time. It was addressed to the great grand uncle of Misa Julia King of the faculty of the Emerson College of Oratory. It is worthy of a wide circulation:. ' Char.testp.wn, ± Jefferson Co., Va., 19 Nov., 1859. . ~~~"~ : """•""" Rev. Luther Humphrey: My Dear Friend—Your kind letter of the 12th inst. Is now before me. So far as my knowledge goes as .to our ft iVtf I *>ti.?f'ft 1 "TM flod, •who Rirpfh lit thf victory through Je e n«! Christ our Lord. And mow, my old, warm-hearted friend, Good-bye. Your affectionate cousin, JOHN BROWN. Gen. FcHerton'ft D*ath. "A remarkable chain of circumstances is connected with the weath of Gey. Joseph S. Fullerton in the -wreck of the east-bound 'Baltimore & Ohlcv express on t&e Youghlogheny bridge, near Oakland, Md.," said Albert Swasey, who accompanied Humphrey Fullerton to the scene ot the wreck, to a St. Louis exchange reporter. "Gen, Fullerton came to St. Louis at my Invitation to see the first iron work put into his building ftt Seventh and Pine streets. Tho day h'e arrived was tho first of three days of rainy weather. The men could not work In the rain, and I asked the general to stay over until the next day. He did so, but the day was no better than the first, and I had a few 1 minutes of .hard talking to Induce the general to stay over for the'third day. I finally succeeded, however, but tho rain continued to fall and the work was not commenced. Tho continued bad weather put tho general a little out of sorts and making an engagement for the following day wo parted. f? "That night ho happened to glanca at the weather forecast and seeing rain predicted for the next day ho wrote mo a note of apology and departed on the 3 o'clock train for Cincinnati. Tho train arrived at Cincinnati two hours late and as a consequence Gen. Fullerton missed Iho eastern connection. He occupied berth No. 6 in the Pullman going to Cincinnati. "When the train failed to make connection he was told that the sleeper would be sent back and was given a check for a berth on another car. This car was attached to tho rear of. the next train and Gen. Fullertou, instead in tho first of the three cars, went Into the berth he had occupied on his way from St. Louis. About 8 o'colck one of the conductors noticed the general in the berth ho had been assigned to while in Cincinnati. The general said that ho did not like the idea of sleeping in the rear coach and had changed his mind about occupying his old berth. ' '/The general was sick most of the night and rested uneasily. Whon the train was wrecked he was in hie berth and this was probably the cause of his death. When the train left the track on the curve approaching the bridge they were on the inside of the curve and tho engine and all but the three sleepers rode over the (bridge safely. The Iwo Pullman th» rear of tho train were left on the bridge approach, owing to the-breaking ot the coupling nnd the first sleeper was carried about half way over. Its coup- first sintie the landing of 'Peter Brown from' the Mayflower, that has either been sentenced to imprisonment, or. to the -gallows. But, my dear old friend, -.lot not that, fact alone grieve you. You cannot have forgotten how and where our grandfather (Capt. John Brown) -fell. -in' 177.6, and that he, too,, might ,. have perished on the scaffold had clr- ciimstances been but very little different." The fact that a .man dies under the. hand of an executioner (or otber- ed over the bridge into the river, leaving the trucks tottering on the edge of the bridge. After it reached the water the heavy trucks fell'with a terrir eljrfj; ^or^**s for fnffv yf^r^, and will pir? ray exreTifnf^ ^^v-^rn- ing the shoeing and the care o! the feet, writes William Quinter, Sr., in Farm Journal. I would first eay it is cot the bestttfacftsmith that makes the shoe stick the longest on the horse. That depends ou the quality of the nails and the good of toe feot. I am not anyways backward in stating that there are more horse's feet injured In shoeing than any person would thfnk there were. When the smith goes to shoe a'horse "he should take a good look at the foot and see whether the foot Is straight or not, and then dress and set the shoe so as the foot becwnes straight. First, don't lower the heel too much; don't cut tho ..frog; only the loose fragments. Pare the foot hollow BO aa the shoe rests on the horn of the foot Cut eome of the toe of the foot off as it grows Jong. Keep the foot ns round ns possible. Don't fit the foot to the shoe, but fit the shoe to the foot. Here is where the trouble Is with nine out of ten smiths—they, don't shape the ehoe right. You take a colt when ho is first eEod and his foot Is round, and so It ought to be kept, and then there would bo fewer narrow, contracted horse's feet than, there are. Take a good look at the most of horse's feet, and just see how narrow and pointed nnd long they are. Not round and broad as nature would have them, just because tho smith shapes the shoe narrow, 'and puts it on the foot and cuts off the sides of the foot, and in a short time you will have, a narrow, contracted foot, and every time the horse is shod it becomes more so. I have many n, time, or always do, alter the shape of a shoo by.rounding it on the toe. If you have a narrow foot that has been spoiled In thus shoeing, you can in a short time have it Vide and broad by making the shoe rounder on the toe, and in several shoeings as the foot grows i). will 'become wide. Another point, jjetjhc shoe straight on tho foot, range it in line with the frog aiid the toe of the shoe. Look at the foot and seo whether one side has grown out more than the other side'and set the shoe over so as tho foot beco'mes ctralsht."! will aisO give you my-way of shoeing a horse that interferes or cuts his ankles In traveling. In dressing tho foot cut down the outside of the foot as low as possible; leave the inside high. In fitting the shoe for summer have a spring heel shoe; have the Inside of the shoe the highest and in setting the shoe set it In a little of the foot. A horse never strikes or cuts himself with the heel of *he shoe. It is always with the side of the foot or the side ot the shoe or the clinches 'of tho rails. For winter shooing raise the inside calk the highest. A horse Will cut or interfere most^when the roads are rough or uneven. In thus shoeing you will observe that when the horae seta his foot down on level ground the ankle _wilLin | cline out, and as thejother Jpot; passes by it will n6tj3trlke. On rough! and Uneven roads, he sometimes sets his fool down the lowest on the inside, and thus will strike or cut the ankle. t-tfr-lnr fTj " n f t? Asrr'fTi!H>r*i.t F,T7T»T'm< v nt Potion Prof, Fred W. Morce- writes: The time for purchasing fertilisers having come, the station •wisheatocall the attention of farmers to t?i¥ writable composition of wood ashes and particularly to some evidently fraudulent lots of Canada ashes, samples of wh|c,h were received at the laboratory last fall. Five samples, representing three different lots, were received during October, 1896, from widely different sections of the state, namely Plymouth, Stratfoam and Walpole. The nsbes were all bought of the same wholesale dealer, and analysis showed them to be quite uniform in quality, but noticeably Inferior. The proportion of potash Is low, especially if the soluble form Is alone considered which fact taken with tho quantity of water, leada one to "suspect that these ashes had been either leached partially or prepared by mixing leached and dry ashea together. Tho proportion of lime found in the most inferior sample disposes of any suspicion of adulteration with lime as the precentage Is not high. The price of these ashes Was $10 per ton delivered in carload lota at the respective railroad stations. This price Is lower than any quotations previously kn'own to tho station. The important point for the purchaser, however, is that the 'low price was accompanied by an apparently deliberate reduction in the quality of ashes. During the year preceding the receipt of the five samples above described, the Canada ashes sent to the station for analysis were of •good quality. One sample Is of Interest because, though very moist, it yet contains a. high percentage of potash. The ashes had most probably been exposed to rain, instead of having been leached and afterward partially dried. Three samples of domestic ashes are characterized by being very dry, and one was probably taken soon after the ashes were removed from the stove, __ __ character, as I suppose. John • Rogers perished at the stake, a great and" good man as 1 suppose; but his being so does not prove that any other man who has died in the same way was .good or otherwise. Whether I have any reason to "bo of good cheer" (or not) in view of my end, I can assure you that I feel so, and that I am totally blinded if I do not really experience that strengthening and consolation you so faithfully, Implore in my behalf. God of our Fathers reward your fidelity. I ueith- er feel mortified, degraded, nor in the least ashamed of my imprisonment, my chain, or my near prospect of death by hanging. I feel assured that "not one hair shall fall from my bead without my heavenly Father." I. also- feel that I have Jong been endeavoring to hold exactly "such a fast as God has chosen." See, the passage 1n Isaiah which you have quoted. No part of my life has been more happily spent than that I have spent here, awl I humbly truf t that no part has 'been spent to better purpose. I would not say this poastingly, but "Thanks be unto _God who giveth us the victory through infinite grace." f I should be sixty years old were I to live till May 9, I860. I have Qnjoyert much of life as it is, and have been remarkably prosperous, having early .learned to regard the welfare and proa- " perity of others as my own, I have never since I can" remember required a great amount of. sleep^ so' that I conclude that I have already enjoyed full an average number of waking hours with those who reach their "Three fi*or« Y«are and .Ten." ..- I hava not yet driven to the use of glasses, but still see to read and write, Quite comfortably, but, more than that, I generally enjoyed remarkably health. I might go on to recount Bibei'ed and nameri ted blessings, among which. would, be gome very se~ vere aSlictJoua and those the most Ma»Biaf58 of #11. And now, bow Easily I might t>* mediately over the berth of Gen. Fullerton and buried that part of the car iu the mud at the bottom of the river. "Search was immediately made for I he dead and injured. The only one missing %vae Gen. Fullerton and, although there are 125 men working nt the--river and immense quantities of dynamite have been use*, the body has not yet been recovered. It Is supposed to be buried beyond all hopes of recovery in the bed ot the river. The general's clothing, was recovered^ as -\vas-also-hte-P° c ketiboak, whlch,:_con- talned precisely ?13," -The death of Gen. Fullerton wiH not interfere with the erection of the building to be named after him. ^ Old Hickory. When Old Hickory resided in the executive mansion he invited his friends with hearty vehemence to wander at will through its > vastness, says the Washington Post. The blunt "hero of New Orleans" never affected any airs of state dignity. Gen. Dale of Mississippi he hailed familiarly as "Sam," and Mr. Van Buren he nicknamed "Matty." He strolled unostentatiously through the white house grounds for recreation and played ."mumble- peg" with his idolized adopted grandchildren in the. part where the equestrian statue of himself now 'stands. Mrs. Jackson had died just prior to tho inauguration. Her niece, Mrs. Donelson, was the lady of the mansion, and all three of her children were bQrn within Its historic walls. When a deputation waited upon the president to receive some precious article to lay in the cornerstone of the treasury department Jackson gave them a copy of the constitution and one' of little Mary Donelson's curls. There was always wine upon the president's table; indeed, his lavish hospitality compelled him at times .to draw upon the proceeds of his cotton crop aud even to sell some valuable land in Tennessee. y: r He bad his eccentricities, too. The h&lls of the white house rang with what have been, politely termed "emphatic-sentences," and he enjoyed smoking a corn-cob pipe, which he had bored and whittled with his own hands. He bad, too, the reputation of poss'eee- ing the largest assortment of pipes outside of a tobacco .shop. The Immense cheese, welgfti'"" •••• ""ral fo" • •••M] as large as a car v/hic! "nt to inlm as a ).-. was .->;i,-,., ',md haaded around ai tiocs. 'The Arizona experiment station has just Issued a timely bulletin upon the sugar beet. Never before in the United -States has there been manifested such deep Interest in the sugar beet and sugar beet culture as at present. The agricultural presefrom the British possessions to the gulf and from the Atlantic to the Pacific bear evidence of tfhe fact that the people throughout the United States are aroused in this matter and propose finding out whether it is possible for the United States to grow its -own-sugar ,.JnB.tea4_el T Bendingj|.brqa4. each year the enormous sum of $100,000,000 for this commodity. The remarkable success attained at nearly, if not quite all, the factories in operation during the past year has stimulated this Interest and now there is scarcely a locality in the United States which do^s not desire a sugar beet- factory and is not taking steps to ascertain whether beets cannot be grown, of euftl- cient richness of sugar to warrant the establishing of a factory in that place. In view of these facts thia bulletin will undoubtedly be welcomed by a large part of the farming community in many povtlons of the union. The bulletin is an exhaustive one, going to some length into tine history of the sugar beet Industry and giving numerous statistics setting forth the advantages to a community of a sugar beet factory. While destined primarily for regions in' which the beet must be grown by means of irrigation, it is not without interest to all localities. It will be beat gratis to all interested who will apply to William Stowe Devol 1 , Director experiment station, Tucson, Ariz. Beet Sugar Factories.—The first beet sugar factory erected in Germany was put upon the eetate of Baron de Koppy in 1805. This was a small affair, being capable of working up but 625 tons ot beet roots per year. This is in great contrast to the modern factory. The one at Watsonville, Cal., worked last year 1,400 tons of beets in one day, and a factory is being built at Salinas, Cal., with a capacity for working 3,000 tons of 'beets in twenty-four hours. At the Wataonville factory last year t£ere was manufactured a total of 20,000 tone of sugar. Never use a male bird unless he is pure bred. No matter what the breading s>f the hena, there Is no way to improve a flock that is better thau to cse pure bred males. They transmit to their progeny the goo<kauaHtiea, that fcave bjen bred into the>n and make the flock more profitable each year, Average Canada ashes contain about 12 per cent of moisture, which renders them as damp as the average chemical fertilizer. ' Buyers of adhes • should (therefore .look with suspicion on lota that appear excessively moist, because in such casea the potash' is seldom equal to the proportion in average &tfhes. The ret use ashes were samples from burned rubbish, principally wasto paper and refuse lumber. The analytical results speak for themselves. Ashea ifrom paper are as valueless as those from coal Iiecau8e_ the soluble mineral matter has been leached out of the paper •stock during the process of paper making. - ; Japanese Millet. . The Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station has recently Introduced three new varieties of millets from Japan. Among them is a variety' ot barn-yard grass, Panicum Crus.Gal- li.'.wthidh, while it differs in its habita of - - growth,—is—botanically identical with the common barn-yard grass The variety from Japan has been grown, for a few years at the Massachusetts Station. Professor Brooks' of thaLSJatlonJsjvery: enthuBiaBtlc_about It and recommends it as a fodder crop either for feeding green or for the silo. As a forage plant it may yield ten or twelve tons of fodder per acre, >and when thinly sown In rows about a foot apart a yield of fifty to ninety bushels of seed may be obtained. • Ordinary barnyard grass io a coarse annual, with stems two to four feet in length, appearing in mid-summer, in low, somewhat damp places or on cultivated grounds. Tine ordinary variety ia a very troublesome weed. Professor Brooks says: "This Japanese variety of the~sp~eciestha£rnot become^a-weed here, however, although the seed does aot 'lose'all vitality during the winter. Although it is possible that it mdght under some circumstances become troublesome, it is hardly liable to prove more B.O than clover or winter wheat, for instance." This plant is being quite extensively. advertised by seedsmen under the name of Japanese Millet, or its scientific name, Panicum Crua Galli. While this may prove to be a valuable acquisition to our, fodder plants and not become a means of spreading a bad weed, the Experiment Station would i-ecommend the farmers of Maine to be cautious about purchasing seed of this 'new plant. Certainly the^seed of Panicum Crus Galli should bo bought only of reliable dealers, who will be' sure" to furnish the seed ot'the Japanese variety. The mischief that would be wrought by sowing seed of ordinary barnyard grass is i self-evident, Chas. D. Woods, Director Maine Experiment Statlop. Australian Salt Bush.—Some Australian salt bush has been growing upon the experiment station grounds at Tuc- aon, Ariz., without water for over two years. The location of the plants • is upon the mesa .north of the city, where it is very dry. This would indicate that this forage planj; is valuable for arid regions, and aa experiments made elsewhere show that it thrives upon alkali land, it promises to be a valuable acquisition for Arizona.: The experiment station at Tucson has been distributing seeds gratis throughout Arizona for the purpose of having this plant thoroughly tested in that region. Charm of. Agriculture.—There is a charm about agriculture if one is successful. The man who would bring up, his sons to a fondness for agricultural pursuits should make It aa especial aim to present to them this successful .elde of th» prof«si»icm, There ia mutitt to learn and admire.— Bl. ' ' , '; - : " ' cnrno r>1 thii Jh«f>k. It was published afe a time when the battle for political liberty hsd sot been •won and "whew perm>nal serfdom was tolerated in tho freest eoantrie^ of the world. Btifc nearly 30 years before the publication of "Progress and Poverty" one of the most eminent philosophers of this century, the npostle of extreme individ- ijaliflm, published in his "Social Statistics" a brief argument against the tight of private ownership of land, which is absolutely irrefutable. It is based on the promise, •which I think no ono .will, call in question, that "every man may claim the fullest liberty to exercise his faculties compatible with tho possession of like liberty by every other man." The first deduction he makes from this .."first principle" is tbo equal right to life arid personal liberty, nnd the second tho equal right to tho HBO of the earth. The^e conclusions follow BO directly from the premise that demonstration seems superfluous. There is Hot time to repeat his ten pages of argument,' iu •which he meets all tho objections that havo.bcen urged, but let ino quote » few of tho positive expressions that embody his conclusions: "For if each 'has freedom to do nil that ho wills provided bo infringes not :tho equal freedom of nny other,'then ench in free to use tbo earth for tho satisfaction of his wants, provided ho allows all others tho same liberty. And conversely it is.manifest that no ono or part of them mny use tho earth in such a way ns to'prevent the" rest from similarly using it, seeing that to do this is to assume greater freedom than tho rest nud consequently to break tho law." ."Equity, therefore, does not r .pormit property_in land." klly miVinsr if f ny On tho subject of compensation to landowners, which ho admits to bo a difficult adjustment, ho says: "Men having got themselves into the dilemma by disobedience of the law (of equal rights) must get out of it as well as they can, and with as little injury to the landed class as may be." "Meanwhile we shall do well to recollect/that there are others besides the landed class to be considered. In our tender regard for the vested inter- eats of tho few let ns not forget that the rights of the many are in abeyance and mufit remain BO as long as tho earth is monopolized by individuals. '. Let us remember, too, that the injustice thus inflicted on the mass of mankind is an injustice of the gravest natnro. Tho fact that is not so regarded proves nothing." In early phases of civilization : even homicide is thought lightly of. .The -suttees-of-India, together with the practice elsewhere followed of sacrificing a hecatomb of' human victims at' the burial of a- cliicf, shows this, and probably cannibals consider the slaughter of those whom 'the fortune of war' has made their prisoners perfectly Jtistifi- • able. - liuwas once also universally snpr posed that slavery was a natural and • quite legitimate institution—a condition into \vhich some were born and to which they ought to submit as to a divine ordination. Nay, indeed a great proportion of mankind holds this opinion still. A higher social development, however, has generated in us a better faith, arid we now to a considerable extent reooguize the claims of humanity. But our civilization is only partial. It may by and by be perceived that equity otters dictates to which wo have not yet listened, and man may then learn that to deprive others of-their-rights to ihense of the earth is to commit a crime inferior only in wickedness to the crime of taking away their lives or personal liberties." *\ . '•' ,. ••..:,,.:. •'• '••:'• I have given this much space to 'the argument of Herbert. Spencer because he is recognized as a great philosopher commanding the respectful attention of many who regard Henry George as an 'anarchist, and especially because Spencer's support of the idea shows that there is no communism or socialism about it. He is on the lookout for that charge and meets it in these words; ' 'But to what does this doctrine, that men are equally entitled to the use oi the earth, lead? Must we return to the times of nninolosed wilds and subsist on roots, berries and game, or are we to be left to the management of Messrs. Fourier, Owen, Louis Blano? v Neither. Such a doctrine is consistent with tho highest state of civilization, may be curried out without involving a community of goods and need cause no very serious revolution in existing arrangements." • ' . It is difficult to prove a eelf evident truth. If any one were to deny that fwioa two are four, I could only give him visual illustrations of the fact, and if he still denied it or. admitted it only in the particular cases I adduced and questioned it in all others I should be at a loss how to proceed. On the present question I might multiply illustrations and give detailed explanations, but all would be but the amplification of what .seemed to ine self evident truths or propositions as unquestionable as the theorems of Euclid. • and partisan religiooi' 3 *'* 90 per cent oi the mosi int* preachers regret that they sindipd ology, as they .know that it unfit-? i for tho real duties of Hie. Them Is a theology that is helpful, bnt St is tareljr taught- in our schools. Mr. Hooey's »*Bailing Dr. Lyman Abbott in tbo way Ife did ia not in tho interest of either religion or soholiirship. Fortunately the educated and thinking people of the country are not looking "to Mr. Moody for instructions, because they know that he has not ono single claim to srholar- Bhip; he has studied in a learned way 'nothing; ho cannot give a critical definition of n single word, or a critical exposition of n single sentence ill English or any other language, hence his statements ia ,The Independent are worthless, and that paper, iu spite of its unusual conservatism, '"rebuked the madness of the prophet," Another unfavorable indication is tho ambition of a few eastern preachers to become the president's pastor. This is very unseemly and ia not much akin to that spirit who said, "Blessed aro the meek, for they shall inherit tho earth." A minister of Jesus should follow Jjoana, Another unfavorable tendency ift a reckless handling of statistics. First, wo aro. '.given,. aB.evidence of the genuineness of n preacher's work, the number of converts lie makes, tho number of. people who bear hini preach and the number of dollars ho raises. To tho thoughtful man these are evidences of nothing but pride. Our foreign secretaries in the midst of an unprecedented financial, panic are urging us to tako up tbo usual largo collection for foreign missions. Yea, they even ask us to increase them. Has nny foreign missionary or secretary or treasurer cut down his salary voluntarily? When most of us laymen are living on half as much. ns is our-wont, theso gentlemen, who are supposed to be patterns of jpiety, ought to set noble "oxamplsrpf self 78aQriflc0r~AYp nreTrot" opposed to religious, missions, but they ought to bo conducted on a reasonable basis. ' These are some of the unfavorable, tendencies that' are;to bo noted, and they indicate that there is yet much to do within the church to. secure that lofty living that its' founder designed it to set forth. There is ( a kind of church that is always \veloome—-the church 6£ the meek and lowly, the church of the righteous and faithful. Such churches will doubtless increase. •r 4 (1 •;.JJ "Cl IN SOME UNPLEASANT INDICATIONS RELIQIOUS CIRCLES. We aie so anxious to see religion kept pure and undefiled—believing that religion is the question of the greatest coiioera nnd that the weal or woe of the race is bound up with religion—that we see any abandonment of its prinoipl&a with anxiety. But it is well enough to to these indications of decadence, THE WEALTH OF THE COLORED, RACE ,'•;.,'. IN AMERICA. There is a prevailing idea that the negroes aro a thriftless race and that they have no promise of. a future b^ 4 cause of their lack of business ability. But statistics show otherwise, and those given below are valuable as indicating quite a remarkable growth in property ^holdings, everything being considered.- They are slowly awakening to the needs of education, and yet despite these facts the outlook for the negro in America in one sense is not very bright. The statistics of the increase of population are unfavorable, and the,race is growing more slowly every year. ." t The following statistics as to the diversified wealth of the new; negro in the Union has beeu given out as official: In Alabama, $10,120,137; Arkansas, $9,810,846; California,. $4,416,989; Colorado, $89,400,637; Connecticut, $650,170; Delaware, ,-$1,820,190; Idaho, $16,411; Illinois,, 11,880^562; Georgia, $15,196,885; Florida, $8,090,044; Indiana, $4,404,524; Iowa, $2,760,409; Kansas, $4,296,544; Kentucky, $10,976,411;Louisiana, $19,918,681;Maine, $196,782; Maryland, $10,882,180; Massachusetts, $9,904,624; Michigan, 200 * 122;—Minnesota.-? 1,210,259; siesippi, $16,742,340; Missouri, $8,866,474; Montana, $132,419; Nebraska, $3,750,OQQ; Nevada, $270,200; -New Hampshire, $381,78 1;~ New Jersey, $8,087,882; New Yoi-k, $19,848,898; New Mexico, $305,244; North Carolina, $13,-, 681,717; North Dakota, $84,103; Ohio, $8,580,000; Oregon, $98,600; fennayl- vania, $16,780,689; Bhode Island, $8,'-' 740,000; South Carolina, $16,760,121; Utah, $82,600; South Dakgta, $188. 787; Tennessee, ' $11,448,292; .Texas, $82,862,996; Vermont, $1,112,781; Vir-_ ginia, $10,982,000; Washing^ton, $028,616; West Virginia, $0,164,796;' ^is- oonsin, $166,818; Wyoming, $248,387; DiEtriot of Columbia, $5,881,707f Indian Territory, $761,111; Oklahoma, $4,-' 218,408; , thus giving a total of over $400,t)00,000 free from all inourn- brances. ••'.,-.; During the year just passed, 181 persons were lynched, of whom" 123 were in the south and 9 in the north. Of the lynched all were meu except one. Eighty were negroes and 51 whiten. Of the odium of lyuohings Louisiana has to bear the greatest share, as more people were put to death through this method than iu any other state, uo lees thau 25 persons in IJauiniftna having been ushered out of existence iu this informal way. ',''••' ' . ..'* W. T. Stead is'doing a noble work in the publication of the Masterpiece library, consisting of the Penny Posts, Peu- ny Popular Novels and Books For the Bairns and Penny Prose Classics, Tfaifl is a most noble •enterprise, and every commuuity should make good uso of the opportunity to put this cheap, good literature into the hands of the young. The late Professor E^Lucaa of Paris was o«e of the greatest of mathematicians. Ho reached a'very sensible conclusion after years of experience—-that the common methods of teaching arithmetic are "funereul 1 ' 1 jmd result ia tha "iuttirmeut" of the mind.

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