uve T£X4TIQN--TH£ FUNDAMENTAL QUESTION, • >*.,-, V^" mom««at ISP h4sfd that was of the •party. He '4Id not know that Lady "Wallace had asked her, and felt angry with, his fair young hostess for the indiscretion, "Whaft's tfte fascination in Segwell?" ijnutiredl a. gueet irrelevantly. "Look ; Mm £nd Miss Clifford." "He deceives us all," answered a Ajnarlcau. "He's enigmatic and *.'lie's the only i<;reta specimen of evil 1 know. We a good 4eal about "bad tfhings and bad books, but on the whole mod-' p;7%ralty ts very good—don't you think " '.lfer '• : -- • ' ; — . "Some of you faave a ferocious bark, 'lltes "Swift," r- "'Most peraona' bark is worse than J&tttfMr blie; Rait Segwell's bite is much than hla bark. I guess that's he's so uncanny. In fact, he barks at all—he just walks up to itt a. friendly sorT of way and bites. 1 Jjope they have consigned him to the Baurited room!" "They baVe, 1 believe, but he doesn't &oow«. They never tell their guests, nothing ever happens. .There's to happen, for they haven't a you "know; only a- door that ids nowhere. 'An obtrusive thing ;at forces'its personality or doorallty you. It has not been opened for undreds of >ears—no human power force It." :• • .".-••• * * «•-..,*"... * . *•• • '. asked Mary Clifford to please you," ;*atd Lady Wallacfe. They were sitting ^together in the great hall, "You were uueh friends. I am sorry—it's a host- '5 $s»' duty to know all these things. I ' H apologize." -She noticed a weary ex- ypresslon settle on his face. Her sympathies were touched. When their eyes I 'Jttet. she- flushed and smiled with a A* winning^ intimate uraco that was'dar- 'ing without being bold. "How shall I £ >r ;Btone?" ••• **• , §< You witch!" ho said in a very, low then suddenly he stood up as a ;,' -little white figure passed .at the end of le hall.' ' j'lt was Mies Clifford! 1 .' she said; "Was it?" he answered indifferently. it us talk about you.'.' ' *••*'' That night as Half Segwelf shut him'-' jhfJ/B«K In his room the feeling of depres- c *'. «i^~ ne experienced on arriving 'at returned. His thoughts wan-. the>house party—nineteenth men and women, effervescing ;,;• with spontaneous epigram, locked iip ^jyln .these vast, gloomy rooms. . How .strangely the place dominated the peo- The old seemed .the significant ^pet/the Infesting butterflies n but sha- .thlngs inhabiting for a brief pe- tf this great somber pile. He looked and noticed a^doof that had escaped, observation in the afternoon- He 3d the handle, then a. cold shudder "wenfr through him as he turned from it crossed the -immense room, only y lit by candles that spluttered at intervals. He glanced again at the door. What a miserable hole 3iad consigned him to! \ A wild Desire tq sneak away elsewhere became iftlmost irresistible. L '/< Unable tojrest, he flung himself out >,/ of bed,-stirred' up the fire to a blaze, I ,'i4jndjlt every candle In the roc-m,; • As . ; fe$ held the match .to each one he -V,looked with renewed fear over his ,'rflhoujder. Then he placed a chair near f,'-'; the fine, yet facing the dreaded quar- <V fter, aafl eat dowu, determined to watch '*?!* •.'••.'....•• •• • "".* ' '•'-• ' "RALF, COME JBACK;" |1| daybreak. But with inactivity and ixe ,<iea<J silence and the blaze of light Incomprehensible terror The sound of his breathing , became painful. . He of Mary,Clifford,'then some^ [Sfeiag ino'ved. He sat etUl as one parr blood romped through his a, and icy hands seemed to grip hla ft. The handle before him turned, the door that had not opened for ' years swung back,and a man slowly into, the room. He was in evening clothes, and seemed all appearance like other men, but a, startling expression in his gray Ralf rose to hla feet tongue-tied :J© his visitor walked to the flre- sftt down, "I can glVe you '. Ijiour," he murmured. There was a for?" said Half, at last, live,"* he answered, indifferently. leaped to RaU'Segwell's mind that entertaining a madman. The was full, which necessitate^ the of. this ?oom. -The mysterious was undoubtedly the entrance to %JSMrt«»stB at some insane relative. |jg*a caused by & Meat catt- "How do you propose to fnfre my life?" "Through your Imagination. * * * I shall look at you." He glairced. up. Ralf shrank from the gaze, then said with a ghastly attempt at a smile, "Well, I hope my light still burns. I cling to life, you know, here and hereafter. I shall fight for that second hour." The smile withered on his lips, as his visitor again turned his terrible gaze from the fire to him. . "Mary Clifford has saved your soul, profligate 1 ." .The voice reverberated through the room. The walls echoed •back "Profligate," and his own lips moved to utter the word, but he said under his breath, "Mary Clifford," and the sound was as water to a thirsty man, "The pure love that she alone was able to wake in you, and that still lives. In your heart, though you stifle It under the clogging weeds of gross passions, has kept burning the flame of your spiritual life." He leaned forward. "Another woman here would stifle it this time forever, and wduld^ kill her you have wronged; but," he" ended with a shrug, "you will die tonight", Ralf sat still a long time, trying to guess how knowledge of the details of his own life had reached his companion. Was this mad philosopher a friend of hers? And even so,.how had he divined that she still held the greater place in his heart, though he had been wantonly faithless to her? Would she mind were he in truth to die? Had he any right to ,hope even that she should? Would • she care? he said. "Your hour is passed!" ^ Ralf started and turned pale to th%\ lips. .He. saw his Visitor's aspect had changed; he had become a phantom creature with a living face. A terrible, -awful human physiognomy stared at him with preposterous, hideous fixity- He writhed a»d wresteled, but the eye* d_efled-«hla—-:movementS7 : "he i ~coTitd noT look away; all the nerves of his body, the consciousness of his mind, the very vitality of his system, were/absorbed by paralyzing fear. Time brought no relaxation, every moment seemed an eternity. "Pity! pity!" he cried,.but the gray eyes watched him.''""HelpI help! help!" The Impotent words echoed back on-his hearing. His voice was a whisper. He tried to listen for the sound of footsteps he knew would not come, then again, struggled with superhuman effort to release himself from the power of. the phantom figure, the ghastly face-^and the eyes!—the eyes that watched without mercy! But slowly in torture life was waning from his wearied frame. He ,sank on the ground, clutching at the rug with distended fingers, J."Mary !„" he murmured, and the.;eyes.still stared. .. Susan Swift felt herself awakened by a hand on-herl shoulder..! Recollection of the haunted room kept her listening to the throbbing of her own heart, with eyes firmly closed. It was a moment which necessitated the staring of a real 'live apparition i in the face.'.;. She did so,"however,~ at last,"and behold nothing 'more._frlghtenlng than Mary Clifford;., pale, indeed, as a ghost, and her great eyes wide open as if. It were not the middle of the night and time for reasonable b'elngs at least to feel drowsy. ' ..."".•• "Get . up, ; Miss Swift—oh! quick, quick." • '.•'.,.. "Is it a fire?" said Susan, sitting up suddenly. • .'./•• , "No!" said the girl. "You.must come with me to Mr. Segwell's room!" . The American was fairly aghast. "I think not," she said, deliberately. A Mlss Clifford,—you-musU '• be—considerably- scared about something, but nothing could Justify such a preposterous notion." ., ' - "• ...' ' •.' .; . ' / < ..; '-.; A look of despair crept Into the girl's face. She turned away. ,'T thought you, being an American,' would be brave and kind. I thought I could trust you * * * but T must go alone." And in a moment she was at the door. Susan leaped from her bed. She didn't see why an American should be expected .not 'to. mind., prowling about la the middle .of the night in a man's bedroom, but she knew she wasn't going to let Mary Clifford go alone, any^how! As to feeling brave—she simply felt terrified! They stole together along-the gallery, down ;a winding staircase, and theuce through an interminable corridor. *' Susan Swift began to feel very miserable, A sensation of • 4ea.r was growing over her, when suddenly they both stopped^ each affected by some unaccountable emotion; Mary turned round and said gently, "You are not afraid?" : v • "Is there, anything about me that looks afaid?" the American ahsw.ered, her heart in her mouth. Then they w.e'Hj. on through a great swing door, which seemed to cut them off from the habitable part of th$, house. Neither had.ever been there before, yet. Mary hastened as one who knew the way by iuetiuct. At last they stood etijl. A sense of imminent calamity overpow- j ered them both, then in a moment Mary Clifford opened a door. A keen draught extinguished her candle as the two i entered the room. A door opposite them inside was open, and on the floor in a flood of light lay the body of Ra.lf | Segwell. ' • . : - ••''' ' '', • ''' i The unhappy girl knelt down and chafed the dead hands. "Ralf, Ra.lt! : come back!" she cried, despairlBgly. "Anything, anything, only cdaie bacjt!" Then the click of a'turning lock vibrated through the, room. The dqor ! that led nowhere liad closed,—Prances. Forbes-Robertson ijj f* c • in. . To simplify the case, let n« troppose that ten men are shipwrecked on a fertile island capable of supporting a pop- elation of 100,000. They divide the land -among themselves and agree to recognize each other's titles. Later 500 people wo cast ashore from an emigrant ship. The ten' tnen meet these oti the beach and tell them they can come ashore only on condition that they become the- slavea-of the owners of the island. The wet and hnngrji; castaways declare they will die first. The? come from the United States, where people don't believe in slavery. "Well, they believe in owning land, don't they?" "Yes." "Very well, yon just agree that this island is ours, nnd yon may come ashore free men." "But how does this island happen to be yours? Did you make it?" "No, we didn't make it." "Have yon a title from its maker?" "No." "Well, what is your title anyhow?" _.i'-Oh, our title is good enough. We got here first. " "Well, that's a good United States title, so we'll recognize it. But mind, we*re free men. " ' 'Certainly you aro. " j But when it cornea to the business adjustment the COO find that before they are permitted to get a living off the land they must agree to pay to the 10 a certain part of the products of their labor. Tbo 10 confine their activities to inspecting tl}e growing crops of their tenants and seeing that the stipulated rent is promptly paid. The 1 0 who do nothing live luxuriously, while with tho, 500 it is just a.fl hard times as the landowners choose to make. Their absolute title to the land being recognized, all- present -and future inhabitants of tho island are practically their slaves. • '* Wo need not conflue ourselves to supposititious cases. Hero aro two actual islands, one settled centuries ago, the other within ! the memory of men uo\v living, Few People Own tho Land In Britain. Iu tho United Kingdom more than oue-flfth, probably one :fourthj of all the laud is owned by'525 nobles. Thennitod possessions of three of these gentlemen amount to nearly 8,000,000 acres, one- thirty-Bixth of the whole land of England, Scotland, Wales nnd Ireland. Four-fifths of all the laud of the kingdom is owned by about 5,000 persons. Tho owners of four-fifths of the soil on Which, live 88,000,000 people "could meet within the compass of a single voice iu ono of the great public halls of the country," and out of the whole population less than 800,000 own any land at all. In u general way you knewtheso facts before. But did yon ever think of their full significance? Thirty-eight million jpeople must pay tribute to 6,000 for permission to *live and labor on British soil. Their only alternative is to take ship for some distant country. - .'•••• Tho EviU of the Land Shark. - -Aud ; whitber>shall they go? Where can they find a place within tho boundaries of civilization that Is withdut tho lamlshurk waiting for some one tocome and fatten hini?, To this country? Oh, the laudaharkl|s_^l>ere| both the foreign and the 'native variety—(fortune's flg- 'tires) over BO, 000,000. acres owned by English "acrecrats." To New Zealand perhaps? Yes, that ia as good u place as they can find, for there,the people have begun to suspect tho causa of the com : merciul crisis from which, they suffered a few years ago amd to apply tb^e remedy. • With a delightful climate, a fertile soil abounding in ull natural resources, settled by tho most intelligent and energetic raco in the world, why should this 'colony within the lifetime of its founders, suffer from hard times? Was it tariff or free trade, monometallism,or bi- ~metallism7^iatemperauco~orTmunicipal ^corruptipn? None of tliese; It was laud grabbing. It/was the attempt of a few enterprising uieu to make themselves, tho lauded gentry of the country and thus live off the labor of .others. But this is the nineteenth century instead of the eleventh, and laws niade by the people may be changed by the same power. These modern "conquerors," however, so far succeeded that more than half of the freehold area of the island is owned by 684 persous, n.nd^ three-fourths of-it is held by u little? over 3,000 people. This 9,000,000 acres' out of the total of i2.000.000 includes most of the desirable land.' It follows, therefore, of, necessity that the great majority of the 600,000 of white population must pay these 2,000 ineii for the privilege of living on productive laud (including all the cities and towns) or go off and try to make a living 011 unproductive laud aud away from • the advantages of civilization. What does this mean? Simply that they are not free men.v* They live by permission of the 2,000. They have the alternative of paying tribute to these or go- Ing off into the wilderness or the ooeau, It follows also .that the 2,000, landowner** are uot, or at least need not be, pro. duoers. They are relieved from the divine decree, and the extra burden is put on the rest of the population, The Corking members of the community bear all the expenses, pay all taxes. It must be so, for nothing is produced without labor, and if the 3,000 landowners are merely such it necessarily follows that they are not producers and can, therefore, contribute nothing to the state. Do they not pay- taxes ou their holdings? you ask: \ f Oh, yes. But where dp they get the money to pay these taxes?'From, their tenants of course. -They collect rent from, their tenants, pay over a portion of it to the government and pocket the remainder. .',•'.-. . , Uuderataud, law suppoaing./wfaat is quite .couceivaWe, thai they are mere laxidowiiera. Mituy of them probably carry ou industries of various kiuda uiid two thetefoce producers, &cnuv t on the other hemcu So «ofc yvwu live in the col' Tlv> They didrs'f I^STO ranry tho -workers* hrni^h nnd there w«« trouble in the hire. Th«> New Zealand |x>op]e were the first net of workets t<j ' ' get on to" the true cutrse of hard times. the of th« , Other people have listened to the diag- weses of variona political doctors, who ftkttred them, on the onehand.that.it Was lack of .silver coin, and on the other that it was too much silver; that i* was too high tariff or too low tariff, or overproduction or foreign immigration. But the New Zealanders concluded it waif just plain robbery, in the shape of a heavy toll laid on all industry by a fewtrienwho had monopolized one of the two essential factors to all production—land. The force of tradition kep them from applying a radical remedy. They baye taken steps, however, to lessen tho land monopoly, which, like the dragon of mythology, demanded its yearly offering of the people's blood. They have stopped the accumulation of holdings beyond 2,000 acres.. They have pnt a special tax 6ii nonresident owners and placed a gradualed'tax on large estates in addition to the tegular tax. They have exempted improvements np to the value of £8,000 and have adopted an income tax. They now raise tho bulk of their revenue from the land and the income 'tax, and New Zealand is the one country in the civilized world from which no cry of distress had come during the last year. 'New Zealand, then, serves as an object lesson ou the evils of laud monopoly and the good results of even a partial reform. Budget of Taxation. Let me give a few facts nnd figures-to elucidate tho situation in Great Britain. Let us see if thcro is not. in these some explanation of the poverty that prevails iu the United Kingdom: The total of imperial taxation, according to tho budget of 1898-4, was in round numbers £75, 000, 000. Two of the items are instructive. Tho direct tax on land was £1,035,000. Tho .tax ou tea was £8,399,875. The laud 'tax is paid by the nobles, who by- thoir very code are iionproducera. ' Tho tea tax fell on the working population. The land own- era were apparently reached through the income tax and tho geural property tax. But they didn't pay either. Their income is drawn from the reutals of their land and is therefore paid indirectly by tbo tenants, while, according to the terms of English leases, all taxes, general and special, are paid by the occn- panta of the property. Besides imperial there is local taxation which for the year "1890-1 (the latest flgurea available) was as follows: Forjjolico, sanitary and other worlia. £15,005, 533 For relief of tho poor ............. .... 10,088,008 For school boarda. . .................... 7,049,586 Total. Look at 'that. Ten million pourids for poor relief und £7,000,000 for education; .£10,000,000 for euro and£7,000,000 for the more hopeful measure of prevention I And nearly all of this money ia paid by tho great middle clase, tho majority of whom have to work and scheme and pinch to livo decently and pay their rates. • ' ' The pepplo of Great'Britain, then, have to pay annually out of their earnings for the support of the government a total of about (in round nnmbera) £128,000,000, over $000,000,000. But 'this is not all. Tho estimated rental of London 15 years ago was £25,-. 000. It is by this time certainly £30,000,000.. The "New Doomsday Books" of 20 years ago gave the 'annual rqptal of the kindoni outside of the metropolis as £99,353,303. Setting off the'fall in agricultural lands against the increase of .^rbau reutala, it is well within the mark to call the total £100,000,000. This, with the London rentals,'makes a grand total of £180,000,000, , The Toiler* l'»y the Tuxes. Here, then, is an additional mulct ou the industry of the inhabitants. Certainly uo one will claim that the landlord pays the rent. The people, "therefore, carry this double burden—£128,000,000 for taxes and £180,000,000 for ground rent. Is it any wonder that their shoulders stoop and that the weaker backs ure brokea? • Would Natural Tax Raise Enough liev- • . , enu$? .The question of the ratio of. ground rents to government expenses 1ms often been raised by opponents of the single tax. Some' contend that.a single tax ou land values would upt yield enough revenue. Others arejjequully positive that the amount wouldn be BO unnecessarily large that it would lead to extravagance. These two, jt seems to me, may be left to fight'it out between themselves.. Whatever the* decision may be, it has 110 bearing ou the question. Since land values are '._ created by the community they belong to the community, and until every cent of this is taken there is uo justice iu mulcting the individual'of his earnings., But it happens, singularly enough, that the two totals given above are almost identical—£138,000,000 for taxea aud £180,000,000for ground rent. It is clear from this that «U the expenses of government, imperial and local, could be paid b^a auigle tax on laud Values, and thei>eople would thus be relieved of a burden of about $650,000,000, a year,. This would do something toward abolishing poverty. But this is uot all of it :/ , The increased opportunities for uelf support afforded by opening the laud to the people would bring great increase to this amount. The fact ia, this estimated reut value is far below the true figures, for it avowedly takes uo account of (Iquote) "the vasttucteut of eoxuinou aud waste lands » *'* claimed by these 625 uobles or the area of uuy lauda uot ratable for the relief of the poor. Their properties ia roudsaiid rivers (the water is owned tlniiv, as well as the laud), as well as in f osests aud ia alf timber grow- iug wixxlu, iu marketo, docks, eud Ctttials, «r*j all Everyone la cordially Invited to Attend oar Grand Summer Opening, on Friday and Saturday, | May7tKand8tb, 1897, when we will make the finest display of new pattern bate ever seen ia the two cities, including all the latest Summer styles, A specialty IB made of trimming and re-trimming. Prices lower than the lowest. HARTMAN and SCHRINER. Gait House Block, ~ Sterling; SPECIAL SALE -OF- Almond Oil Soap (Purely Vegetable.) It keeps the skin soft and smooth, and is bleaching to the glands of the skinr——---— .••Regular price is 200 a cake, but in order to- advertise it to the trade, we will sell it for loc a cake. . WILL P. HALLETT, SOLE AGENT. The Man Who took his and sat down In the middle of the field on a.rock, and waited for the cow. to back . up to be milked, was first cousin to the ..fellow who would not advertise but ex. pected the public to hunt him up and buy his wares. JUNIOR^' ^ ICigaisandDailyfejiMi PEAIODICAL3. I A choice line of Tobaccos and •• jit -, , Pipes. We solicit your patronage. . BERT WOOD, Prop. Until further notice, I will jell Lion Coffee at 15c per Pound Package, Cash. This is the best package Coffee on the market, and now is a good time'to lay in a supply.- FLOUR IS CHEAP, and will advance if thf wet weather continues, "WONDER" still leads. Have you tried it? The best gasoline in town. Leave your orders. This is the Majestic Sted Range, th^t stands &$* far ahead of al! other Steeij Ranges. War* ranted to never crack. SOLD ONLY BY J. E. PHILIPS & CO. Fresh Catfish, Pike, Bass, Buffalo, Corned Beef,| ..AT..'. ft: LEAV5 ORDERS FOR ANQEL FOOD CAKE. Upholstering and .,!'-• ', General -'Furniture Repairing By experienced workmen. • . ' . • , Your patronage : solicited. J. M. Pen rose, ; 122 W. Third Street, t Hi; KANDY KITCHEN HEADQUARTERS FOR -ICECREAM- Furnished in any quantity. A specialty made of Parties, Soela&Ieu, etc. Soda Water and all the Lateat Drinks. Chocolates and the finest lice of Candles in fa the two cities. H. H. OVER, Prop., 18 E. Third Street, . Sterling* SUouis&SafTFranciscoR.R, THROUGH CAR ROUTE ."'•'•'': BETWEEN LOUIS' AND, \ SPRINGFIELD < JOPLIN PITTSBURG WICHITA EUREKA SPRINGS FT. SMITH PARIS DALLAS ' SAN ANTONIO HOUSTON GALVCSTON Solid Veitibultd Tuiiu with Pullman Sl»»f>«t< and Reclining Chair Ca?* Huvo^ Otning H^Uo. Maps, tim* tablet und lull infoimatiOn iumi&hul upon application to , N. KBULTtS, SE8. '¥. IlOXttSW, Q«n'l Agant. G«n'i P*M't *i«n(, OHIOAQQ, ILL. ST. LOiHS, MO.
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