The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 29, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

Iola, Kansas
Issue Date:
Monday, January 29, 1945
Page 1
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THE lOLA REGISTER .fooJ?.f^Ji^°::i°al society Comp. ' ' tnsas VOLUME XLVIII No. 80 Tha Weekly BegUtcr. EsUbluhsd 1807: Tbc lola Duly Resixter, EstabUshed 1897. lOLA, KAS., MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 29, 1945. Saoembr to Tba lola DaOr Beiiitar, Tb« lets DtOy B«eaid. and Iol> Duly Indax. SIX PAGES ) Yanks Near Key Road Junction Within Three Miles of San Fernando, 33 Miles From Manila; Rosario, On Nprth Flank, Falls (By the Auoeitted PreuJ The Japanese Dome! news agency said today two more American divisions have landed on Luzon, brinrini: the total 5 :trensth of V. S. forces on the leaf 1 island in the rtiilippines to Ktvt-i divisions, inclnding two lank divisions. There was no American confirmation. Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 29. (AP)—Sixth army spearheads were on the approaches to San Fernando, 33 air miles from Manila, headquarters reported today, as embattled American units captured Rosadio in a major break- thj-ough on the bitterly-defended left flank. Angeles, five miles southeast of captured Clark Field, was taken Sunday by the 37th division which by-pajsed stubborn Japanese resistance in the hills and sent patrols down the highway toward San Fernando. Antreles has four airdromes. Elements of the 40th division meanwhile reached Arayat, 12 mles east of Angeles, and the road junction of Mexico, only three miles northeast of San Fernando. Rosario Is Taken At San Fernando, the "gateway to Manila," the highway forks off westward into hLstorlc Bataan and southeastward down the home stretch to the commonwealth capital. January 29,1909, was Kansas's Windiest Day Topeka, Jan. 28. (AP)— Today Kansas Day. was the anniversary of the windiest day Topeka ever bad. Weatherman 8. D. Flora recalled that on Jan. 29, 1909 the wind blew at ja rate of more than 60 miles an hour for 13 straight hours, then It dropped to a mere 40 m. p. h. "We never had .anything like it, before or since," he said. Americans Decorate British Tank Men Third Fleet Heaps Woe On Japs Greater Destruction On Nipponese Than Any Fleet in History Ever Meted Out to An Enemy By REMBERT JAMES With Third U. S. Fleet in Far Western Pacific, Jan. 24. (delayed) (AP) — (via Navy Radio)—In five months Adm. William F. Halsey's Third fleet has inflicted greater destruction upon the Japanese than any other fleet in history has caused to an enemy. "We began sealing the tomb which the Japanese have created for themselves In their ill-gotten, treacherously-obtained empire," Halsey said in a press conference summarizing his fleet's accomplishments in the last five months. The fleet, Halsey said, materially aided reconquest of the Philippines. The admiral paid tribute to Gen. Douglas MacArthur and the Filipinos. And he gave part of the credit thiough a narrow plain between two i for Japan's desperate plight in the large swamp areas. The shores of ~ Manila bay are only 18 miles beyond thi! road Junction. Rosario, contested almost from the start, of the Luron campaign, was caotured by Yanks of the First army corps, who pressed on toward a junction with another American force moving northward from Sison The two columns are heading toward Baguio. summer capital of the Philippines, 15 air miles north In the ruzged Benguet mountains. Jap Forces Decimated Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported that one Japanese division and one brigade defending Rosario had been "practically decimated" In the long fight, and "the enemy has been forced to move his northern reserves from the Baguio sector to supple- mer^ the remnants of his forces guarding the approaches to thej north." Eighteen miles to the southeast. American trooos were beyond San Manuel but stiff fighting still raged in the burned and blasted town which the Yank-s had been trying to capture for five days. Bitter Fight at Stotsenburgr A third point of resistance wa.^ Port Stotsenburg, adjacent to Clark Field. General MacArthur reported both as captured in his Friday com­ munique, but field reports said the Japanese still were offering resistance at the fort three days later. Associated Press correspondent Russell Brines said the enemy at Fort Stotsenburg—which he described as In "flaming ruins"—apparently were determined to fight to the last man in a delaying battle. General MacArthur said his men captured a tremendous amount of supplies at Clark Field, biggest airdrome in the Pnlllppines. These Included 200 new aircraft engines, large .stores of ammunition and food, more than 40 pieces of artillery and great quantities of signal corps equipment. Fighting since D-Day as part of Cjeneral Slmpsdn's American ftth Army, tiiese BrtUsh tank foea of the Buffs (Royal West Kents) Regiment were recently awarded American deotmtiDns. T^is plpture shows this ceremony, so symboUc of the unity on the fighting ftonte, wfeh Oeneral Kmpsofi reading the''citations. Junior High Grades Reflect Abnormal Times The grades made last semester by the boya and girls of the lola junior high school reveal that the students fall into three groupsi two large and one surprisingly small, Harlan George, principal', said this morning. Of the 413 pupils 153 arc on the "outstafading" list which is an .exceptionally fine record. To offset this, however, is the fact that 167 boys and girls did unsatisfactory work in one or more subjects during the semester. This leaves only 93 students in the portion of the student body which is doing average work.. Normally this should be the .largest group. scholastlcaUy speaking, in the school. At the beginning of each semester the teacher of each class establishes the number of points which any student can make by dolus the class (Continned on Page 6, No. 4) Philippines to the Nipponese commanders themselves — "the .siKv fools." Blocked Reinforcements "We started operations five month.s ago below the fifth latitude and ended up around the twenty-fifth. We moved west from longitude 135 to longitude 110," he related. "We have prevented i excessive damage to Oeneral MacArthur's forces by destroying air power which might have been available for reinforcements in the Philippines. "The Japanese have lost control of the South China sea. Forces of the U. S. Pacific fleet can go into it any time they want to." Piles Up Destruction Figures showed that during the last five months the Third fleet sank 89 enemy warships with an estimated 241,00 tonnage and 563 merchant and support ships estimated at 776,000 tons. A total of 4,370 enemy aircraft were destroyed, of which 1.904 were shot down in aerial combat and 2.466 burned and destroyed on the ground. Numerous enemy naval bases, military installations and industrial areas were bombed, strafed (Continued on Page 6, No. 3) Leo Remier Gets Pfirple Heart 26 Years Late Last Friday Leo Renner. 706 No. Washington, received the Purple Heart award in recognition of the fact that he was wounded in action in France on September 29. 1918. During the World War I he wa.s a private in Company L. 137tli Infantry, which wa.s composed largely of national guard troops from this j beWg vicinity. Mr. Renner. himself, was -ourse in "bmin'ps.s a member of the national guard • '^""'^''^ unit which was formed at Yates Center. In the Meuse-Argonne offensive BuysS.6?H. Bakery Eugene DeLoe, El Dorado Takes Over Active Management of Firm Ownership of the S. &c H. Bakery in lola changed hands today. The plant, equipment, and good will have been piu-chased by Eugene DeLoe of El Dorado. Mr. DeLoe was production superintendent of the S. & H. Bakery ih El Dorado and has been working for the firm the past 18 years. He holds a degree from the Siebel Institute of Baking Technology of Chicago. Mr. DeLoe said today that he has not yet fully decided what his fhrnii name or the new trade name of his products will be. He expects t^ make that decision within the next few days, but it wll be a matter -of at least two months before he cai^ get new bread wrappers made. In the meantime, with the pennlssloii of S. & H.. he win continue to usi the S. & H. name, labels, and packaging. Explains Salp W. W. Hofsess. S. & H. partner, was in lola over the week-end completing details of the transfer. There is no secret why we are making the sale." he said. "My part-- ner. Mr. Smith, and I are past the aee where we are interested In ex^ panslon. We have enough to take care of at El Dorado and Manhattan. "We were glad to come to lola r.nd we feel that we have established a sound and successful enterprise here: We are extremely grateful to the people of this community for tho friendliness and cooperation whicli have made this possible. { Confidence in DeLoe •But we are also glad at this time to turn the plant over to one we know so well as Mr. DeLoe and lii whose ability we have complete con-{ fidence. We feel certain he will con -j tinue to manufacture the highest quality products and that he will make a success of the enterprisei And it will mean another home- owned plant for lola." John Stein who has managed the Inla plant since it was opened several years ago said that his only immediate plan is to take a vacation. HP intends to rest for a week or so deciding upon his future The Weather Temperature—Highest for the 24 hoiu-s ending 5 p. m. yasterday, 35, lowest last night 19; nohnal for today 33; deficiency yesterday 4; excess since January 1, 68 degrees; this date last year—highest 57; lowest 34.; , Precipitation for the 24 hours ending'at 8 a. m. today. .21: total for this year to date, J51; deficiency since Jknuary 1, .69 Inches. Sunrtee 8:29 a. m.; set 6:41 p. m. Thermognph Readings Ending 8 a. m. Today. , 9 a. m 22 9 p. m 23 10 a. m 22 10 p, m. 22 11 a. m 25 12 noon -.28 1 p. nv 31 2 p. m 35 3 p. nr. 33 4 p. nf. .32 11 p. m ..21 12 m. 20 1 a. m ..T .21 2 a. m 23 3 a. m .22 4 a. m 20 TfucfeRoll Into China Fi^t Alllied Motor Cohvoy to Use Ledo Road Nears Kunming Chungking, Jan. 29. (AP)—The first AlUed triick convoy to enter China over the new Ledo-Burma road rolled toward Kimmlng today on the final lap of a 900-mlle journey from India which Generalissimo Chlang'^l-Shek liided as "an omen of def^t" for J|ipan's warlords. The convoy, mmibering more than 100 vehicles loaded with supplies for China's hard-pressed armies, crossed ' ;r IZ'" 9n ' the Chinese bonier near Wanting a p. m.. 31 5 a. m _.zu „^^ji.,, _.^t.ii— .—n-. Berlin Sees Flash Froin Soviet Guns Allies Mass On German Border Forces On 200-Mile Front in Position For Onslaught Against Ruhr and Rhin6land 6 p. m. 7 p. Tl{. 8 p. nt .30 28 25 By JAMES M. LONG Paris, Jan. 29. ; (AP) — First army divisions advanced as much as two mil^ in deep snow NE of St. Vith today, capturing three towns and moving within a mile of Germany and the outer works of the Siegfried Line. BuHange, Herresbafb and Holx- heira' all toppled. The ma^n works of the ^est wall were broi^ht within six mile artillery range. The First infantry division took Bullange after a nlne-hotir fight hi bitterly cold weather, (n taking "Pied" Paper Mr. Renner was wounded and spent | (riitf\/jc Hjffitr /Ti'i about six weeks In the army hos- ; \Jl Ut^O IVlUr Ull pital at Exermont, France. At the ' ^ "il, time the war department .sent to ; ^ i^ntlClZle his parents a certificate stating that j he was wounded in acion but the awarding of the medal to him has ' ^o]ks. we re not been delayed more than 26 years. | He is a past post commander of '' dnmk but dam near played out" was the headline which first, caught the eye of thVVrtera ^of'F^reliii "vi^V7Wd ; ^ the Moran Herald for many years has been employed Hopkins Is InEnrope On "Information Tour" Fo^ President Before Bigi-Three Conference 8 a m 19 yest^r^^y after rumbling 470 miles 7 " Ijv across the mountains and through I o a' „lo the JungleSi of northern Burma. ' Thejhlstoric event, cuhnlnatlng a potentltOly threatening the Ruhr and three-year campaign to open a new Rhineland and their great cities. Herresbach. First army troops killed 138 Oennans and captured 180 without the loss of a single man killed, wounded or captured. Push Nearer Cefanar American and French ^troops advanced more than two i>Ues to a point on the Cohnar canal barely more than a half mile from the out- skhts of Colmar (46,00^), historic capital 6f Upper Alsace. Colmar is 38 miles southwest of Stntsbourg. The IWrd army reached the German-Luxembourg frontier on an eight mile stretch of the'Our river. North of the First army, the U. S. Ninth and British SecAnd were closed up to the Roer aiid through the Siegfried line In mtoy places. overlartd supply route to China, was celebrated at Chinese-American cnr- emonles In both Wanting and ChungUng, during-' which Chiang broadcast a special. address to the United .States proposing the road be renamed in honor of Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell. His suggestion was endorsed by MaJ. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley. U. S. ambassador to China. . (In Washington, where he is now serving as commander of U. S. ground, forces, Stilwell expressed his London Jan. 29. (4p)_Harry 1 gratification at the opening of the L. Hopkins has visited London and new road, which he said was arfiieved I Paris, "meeting Prime Minister '~" " ' ' On 200 Mile Front To the oouth, the Third army was either near or acroa the^ border all the way to gaarbrudcen.; Thus Oen. aaenbowefr's forces The War at a Glance (Br the AnorUtcd Prau) The Western Front: American attack northeast of St. Vlth closes within a mile of Germany; Allied armies deploy along or beyond 200-mile stretch of Siegfried Line. French gain at both mds of Colmar pocket. Deep snow , drifts hamper advances: Bnssian Front: Russians on direct Warsaw-Berlin road within 109 miles of RMeh capital, Stalin annoonces; Berlin saya Orba river 95 miles from Berlin was reached. Konlgs- berg in East Pmssia under attack. Bed Army In SUesia at- tacln Oder river line after winning vital coal industrial area of Southern Silesia. Italian Front: Snowbound, but patrols active and planes hit enemy communications in Northern Italy. Paeifle Front: Sixth army fights on approaches to San Fernando, 33 miles from Manila; Rosario captured in breakthrough on left flank. Super­ fortresses hit Iwo Jima Islands again. First Allied truck convoy to cross New Ledo-Burma road enters China. "Berlin Fate In Balance" Germans Urged to Last Ditch Resistance As Refugees Swamp City London, Jan. 29. (AP)—Nazi leaders began preparing the Geman people for the assault oh Berlin today by summoning them to last- ditch resistance In the hinterlands. "We will fight before Beriin. In Berlin, around BerUn and behind Berlin," a German broadcast declared. This slogan was given to the German people by the old-lin? Nazi party leader. Dr. Robert Ley, and was broadcast by Transocean with the comment: "The fate of Berlin is In the balance." Officials to Munich The summons was broadcast on the eve of ffitler's 12th ajfaiversary as chancellor. The Paris radio said many Nazi party leaders were moving from Berlin to Munich to set up "reslst- Churchiil. King George and General De Gaulle, and has gone on to Rome to see Pope Pius 331 In an "Information tour" for the president before the big-three parley. An American Imposed censorship had banned any mention of Hopkins' movements imtil today. Hopkins' tour of European capitals underscored the role that discussions of the postwar political shape o| Europe may play to the Impending conference of Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin. Hopkins spent a week in London, and recalled Par- Is last Friday. "Immediate Surrender" CaU? Diplomats are speculattog that an immedia'te surrender call to Germany might Issue from the meeting of Allied? leaders. A British foreign ofiBce commentator difclosed tiiat its propaganda to Europe was "plugging Churchills January 18 speech In commons in which hi' told the Germans "if you siurendej now nothing you will have to endurf after the war will be comparable JO what you otherwise are going to .suffer In 1945." Hopklijjs and U. S. Ambassador John O.JWlnant were closeted for (Continned on Page 6, No. 2) by the leamwork of all branches of the arined iforces -working, imder "unbelievable" conditions.) The |irst .convoy -to enter China had beijn waiting at Myltkyina in northern Bunha for more than a week. was led across :;he border by Brigi^ Gen. Lewis Pick of Auburn, Louisiana. With Pick was his aide. Capt. George West, Kansas City Kas. British Draw Noose Tighter On Mandalay Calcutta. Jan. 29. '."(AP)—Elements of the British 14th' army, spearheading a non-stop drive down central Burma today, sent patrols on the liank of the Irrawaddy river 12 and 15 miles above and below Mandalay. An area of only 15 square miles remained to be cleared of the enemy in ^the elbow of the Irrawaddy before everxthing is in readiness for an ^ll-o;it assault on Burma's second dty. The principal Japanese stronghold left to be knocked out north of the irrawaddy- in the Mandalay sector IT the towp of Sagaing, already coming un4er assault from the air. were deployed along or !oeyond 200 miles of the Siegfried Itoe all the way from Holland to the south part of the Saarland. The slowa-eversal of the Ardennes bulge had squeezed perhaps 20 American divisions from the straightened salient, allowing them rest for the next battle. From dusk last night ontU dawn today Allied planes swept^over Ger-; "^Th ^ri^^^r:" ..--l^Y' man areas behind the west wall, dis-' headquarters there, ruptlng continued Oenn^ movements from the Ardenne8 .^Mosqultos took up where 2,000 bombers left off at nlghtfan. Surprise Naais Opposition to the prefdawn onslaught which caught the Nazis by surprise yesterday and ^dned two (Continned on Page 6^' No. I) by the lola post office. Takes Over Job Here As Highway Supervisor Dean W. Stone, Chanute^ has been promoted to the position of highway supervisor and will be in charge 6'f maintenance men and laborers In this district, filling the vacancy created on January 15 by the resignation of R. A. Try of lola. Mr. Pry intends to devote his time to private business. Mr. Stone has worked with the state highway commission continuously since 1929, with the exception of one short period, and won this promotion through a competitive examination conducted by the Kansas Civil service departmeat. Mrs. Martha E, Strong Dies at Age of 80 Mrs. Martha E. Strong died yesterday at her home. 212 South Third street. She was 80 years old. Mrs. Strong was bom at Easton. 111., and came to Waverly. Kas.. with her parents in 1880. The family Uved there untU moving upon a farm southwest of Moran In 1892. Upon the death of her husband in 1923 Mrs. Strong and her daughters moved to lola where she has since lived. She Is survived by four daughters, the Misses Ethel and Florence Strong and Mrs. Roscoe Hess. lola, and Mrs. Mary Fuller, (Siickasha, Okla. Miss Ethel Strong Is art supervisor at Jefferson school and Miss Florence Strong teaches In one of the grades. The schpol will be closed for Mrs. Strong's fimeral tomorrow afternoon. Other smrlvors Include a sister, Mrs. Mae Cobb, Herlngton. Kas.: a brother. C. R. Carmain, lola; seven grandchildren and three great grandchildren. Funeral services will be conducted by the Rev. Denton Wood at 2 p. m. Tuesday at the' Waugh Funeral home. Burial will be in the Moran cemetery. _ week. "The front page pled as we were putthig it on the press last night,' the Herald editor went on to explain. "It's morning now and we've reset the head, township statement, adys., and that's all. The news is here if you can assemble It: anyhow, you can have an interesttag time trying, and 'the show must go on'—G'bye. No sleep, but we've got to eat!" Herald subscribers say they have had considerable fun tryihg to unscramble the "pie" and figure out such paragraphs as: Myers. Mrs. George Hap- Pierce, Mrs. Chas. Mr. Lon Mattox has purchased Tuesday night of each month. Deseas. etable or flower I am goint to plant this year." The lesson on Melvln Davis. Refreshments were Mrs. Melvm Davis, and Mrs. Ray with a meditation, prayer and song, the Smith home. will meet February 2nd at 2 o'clock Mr. and Mrs. Roy FInley returned is here this week vlslttag his nieces know that his eye trouble Is not ran Wildcats on their home court by a score of 33 -44. The next game Nip$ Not on Scene A Jap propaganda poster amuses FOlplno iuerruia Sgt^ Ramon Abres, Bataan veteran since the "Ever Victorious lUppon Paratroopers," according to th^ lioster, were not in evidence whec the Yanks captured Tarlac, Luzon. w|iere the poster was found.—(NEA Teleptioto by Wlllard Hatch. * J»EA PhotojpraiJher tot Wax Picture PooL). War Mothers Plan Overs^s Program The lola War Mothers' club Is undertaking a new "oveiieas program" in which they are tavHtag the parents of all service roerf to participate as well as the civic and study clubs. The plan is to provide three different types of recreational material for men who are overseas or en route. The first Is the construction and fitting of recreation chefits. These are substantially made boxes to be filled with various games, small musical Instruments, etc., ai^ are particularly designed for use of men stationed at isolated spots. The second is the collection of current magaztoes and reading material for shipment overseas. The third is providing small gftts to men who celebrate their blrthjiays while on the high seas. On each ship it is customary to have birthday parties for those whose amiversary occurs while en route. Gl^ are not always available. The plan will be explained to detail at a covered dish supl)er at the First Methodist church nSxt Friday night, beginning at 6:30 o. m. H. S. Thorgrimson, Red Cross field director at the Independence Army Air base, will outltae the.program. Washington All Set For President's BaU Washington, Jan. 29. (AP)—President Roosevelt's birthday present from the nation Tuesday may be a mile to dhnes" adding up to $5,000,000 for the fight on Infantile paralysis. V Mr. Roosevelt will be 63, and the occasion will be celebrated for the Earlier the Paris radio, quoting Stockholm reports, said "serious riots have broken out to the eastern and southern districts of Berlto and police and SS troops were called out to quell the rlstog waves of unrest to the Reich capital." The declaration that the Germans would fight to and behind BerUn was contatoed in a review broadcast by Georg Schroeder. Transnccan's chief correspondent, who declared that the German high command .'rtlll held trtmip cards against .the Russians. Fate in Balance "When win these trump cards be thrown on the table? everybody to Berlto Is asking, especially stoce Dr. Ley has said that 'we will fight before Berlto. to Berlto, around Berlto and behtod Berlin,'" Schroeder con- ttaued. "This statement (by Ley) more than the bare fact tliat the Russians are at the Brandenburg frontier has brought home to every Berltoer that the fate of the German capital is to the balance." The broadcaster said the anniversary of Hitler's chancellorship would not be celebrated in any form "to view of the present grave situation." 12tb time to a drive td bring nearer the conquest of polio. Last year, the "mile Of dhnes" campaign brought to $4,697,520, and a larger amount is expected this time. With the two-day affahr ah-eady started, the nation's capitftl was assuming a Hollywood atmosphere with screen, stage and radio stars arriving by plane and train. They will make personal appearances at hospitals, leading hotels and theaters and, along with other celdjrities, be received; at luncheon at the White House Uaaamnr. E. D. Shields Is Dead E. D. Shields, who has been associated with the men's clothtog business to lola for nearly half a century, died yesterday morning at St. John's hospital. Earlier this month Mr. Shields fell on the ice covered pavement near the comer of West and Washtogton streets and broke his hip. He was taken to the hospital at once but did not respond to treatment. He was 77 years old. Bom to Livingston county. Missouri, Mr. Shields came to lola to 1898 and opened the Barclay Shields Clothing company in partnership with J. H. Barclay. This btistoess oonttoued for 32 years. When this store was disconttoued Mr. Shields opened the Shields Clothtog Company which he operated for a number of years. For the past several years he has been connected with the Perham Caothing (Company. . Mr. Shields was a reguWr attendant of the lola chamber of commerce and took an active toterest to civic affairs. He has belonged to the lola Elks lodge for many years. He also' was a member of the First Christian church. He Is survived by two brothers. Wilbur M.. Ventura, California, and CHem H. Shields, Colorado Springs, Colorado; three sisters, the Misses K&te and Alice Shields, Tola, and Mrs. L. E. Head. .Chllllcothe. Mo., and a niece. Mrs. J. L. Comer, Camp Lejueme. North Caroltoa. Funeral services will be held at 3 p. m. tomorrow to the Presbyterian church and will be conducted by the Rev. E. W. Harrison. Burial will be at Highland cemetery. Reds Less Than 100 Miles Away 1 German Officials Reported Leaving City; Konigsberg, Breslau, Poznan Under Siege London, Jan. 29. (AP) — The Russians have surrounded the Prussian rail center of Schneidemuhl, four miles inside the German border, a German spokesman announced today and Swedish eyewitness reports said flashes from Marshal Stalin's guns already could be seen from Berlin in the night skies over the eastern battlefront. German officials were moving their offices from the threatened capital and 20 trains evacuated part of the populace, said a Swedish national Just come from BerUn. Foreign diplomats were making preparations to leave and foreign correspondents were ordered to depart, he said. Encirclement of Schneidemuhl. a city of 41,000, cut the main Berlto- Danzig railway at a point 135 miles northeast of the capital, but directly east of BerUn German reports placed the Russians much closer, about 95 mUes. To Brandenburg Frontier Latest official Russian announcements said the Russians in their bee-ltae drive on Berlin were 109 miles to the east, but Moscow dispatches said it was beUeved Marshal' Gregory Zhukov's tanks had sp^Jted farther ahead and had crossed the frontier of Brandenburg, the prov- toce of Berlto, at several potots. While Zhukov's front, by official Moscow report, was spread on an 80-mlle arc wlthto 100 miles of Stet- tto on the Baltic and 77 miles from Frankftut on the Oder. Russian forces to East Prussia virtually surrounded Konigsberg. regal capital of the Prussian miUtary caste. (The Konigsberg radio came on the air she hours late today, the FCC reported.) Cities BMieged Russian siege artillery poured a steady stream of fire Into that stronghold, into beseiged Breslau. Silesian bastion on the Oder, and toto Poznan and Toriin to Poland where encircled Nazi suicide garrisons were beUeved on their last legs. Transocean. Nazi news agency, reported the Russians were assaulttog Breslau from the rear. The agency said that Marshal Ivan KoneVs First Ukrainian army forces, striking from Ohlau, on the Oder's west bank 14 mUes southeast of Breslau. "now stands at the gates of Breslau." AU streets toto the city of 650,000 have been barricaded, a German front Itoe report declared, and "tank traps multiply hourly." Scorch Silesian Earth The whole upper Silesian battlefront was "engulfed in flames" ss the Germans carried out a scorched earth policy, the account a.sserted. Whole towns are being destroyed and burning towns and villages and hamlets look like torches." Capture of Memel bv Gen. Ivan Bagramlan's First Baltic front in an assault which opened yesterday brought to perhaps 4,000,000 the number of Russian troops now on the march. There were reports from Moscow that the Nazis were speeding reinforcements from the western front, preseumably to bolster German defenses before BerUn. Try First of Officers In Black Market Case Paris. Jan. 29. (AP)—The first officer to face the U. S. general, courtmartial trying railway battalion black market cases here went to trial today on charges of wrongfully receiving looted army supplies and money which he knew came from sellmg such loot. The officer. Lt. John W. Springer, also was charged with conspiracy to defraud the United States and with neglect of his duty as an officer In falltog to prevent looting of supply trains headed for the front Itoes and diversion of their suppUes into the black market. Ntae more enlisted men were sentenced yesterday to terms of from 10 to 15 years for lootmg of cigarettes and other army suppUes for black market sale. Those sentenced tocluded Sgt. Oscar J. Jaimet. 42, of Osawatomle, Kansas. 15 years. Pfc. Lewis Sanchez Awarded Bronze Star with the Fifth Army. Italy—Pfc. Lewis Sanchez, son of Mrs. Visenta Sanchez, Humboldt, Kansas, recently was awarded the Bronze Star for heroic achievement to action. He is servtog on the Fifth Army front to Italy to the 337th Infantry Regiment of the 85th "CMster" Dl- vi«lon.

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