Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on April 26, 1950 · Page 4
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, April 26, 1950
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ALTON fiVflNINO TBLEORAPM WEDNESDAY, APRIL 28» !9f& ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH flftttttHM flatty f*t»pt Sun<ta>, fttfieertptk* Ml 96 wwkljr by earner; ft* mall, ».m • put Within 100 ftffcti W.TO beyond 100 a HKonA'QUi fiwttw ti thi pottafflei, Alien, ill., Art ef Contra* Mtith 8, ifffe at not AMacunt) flM AMO^AIM PWM U MtJMM •««»'»*!> » «« •» lot MpabllrtUoi) ol til iM '*»• J** 1 Loetl Adw«Ml»ln« - i « 1 •ppllMtloti it uw ftmrraph btntncM 8 »'£» Bwidww. Allen m Wjticmii Adi;»ft»«Mi WHt-Hnll(M» Co. N»1» *otk ChleifO Parking Rule* to Fit Shopping Hour* Making the hours of the parking meter enforcement conform to the open hours for stores is a commendable and wise move of the city officials who have advanced the proposal following a recent con- fwion on parking meter houti that resulted in 40 persons being fined for overpaying on the first Saturday night following the switch to Friday night hours downtown. The officials found themselves in a position where a decision was called for—but night store hour arrangements appear to be not definite enough over the city to call for a permanent action. Hence, the decision was made to make the parking meter hours coincide with merchants' night hours on both Friday and Saturday nights—but with the provision that enforcement be only on the night the stores stay open. This decision is taken to mean the meters are to be in Operation on the night most stores stay open, It was unfortuhatc, and in no way a reflection oa the-official! enforcing the traffic laws, that so many persons were fined for violations on the first Saturday night of the changeover to the new hours. The DBMA, it was learned, had been considering repaying,a dollar to each of those who were fined '• for overparking on that Saturday night. This is a ' goo<jimc)ve from the standpoint of public relations, thoujh^ the merchants were not responsible for the ; situation. More than that, however, a good point in public relations will be for city officials to »cc that the parking meter laws are applied only on the business Anights in Alton's business districts. It is not to the ; interest of business or good public relations to have confusion exist on the matter of parkifTg. In the interest of good business,' motoring and parking facilities in the business districts should be made easier—not harder—for customers. Ciis Holler's Fine Record ns Chairman GUI Haller of Wood River township has been elected to his eighteenth term as chairman of the Madison County Board of Supervisors. No one in Madison County's long history—perhaps none in the state—can boast such a record for heading the county legislative body. ... Mr. Haller has given the county a high order of public service. He has shown himself to be a diplomatic chairman, and a body that might: have been •••unwieldy has been a smoothrWorKing legislative as- se'mblyrMr. Haller has displayed. through his near score of years as chairman a talent for achieving i harmony. The board has performed its duties smoothly tinker his guidance, with a minimum of delay; yet, Mr. Haller always has been one to move slowly when the issues before the board were the kind to require careful study. Particularly in the field of finance, Chairman Haller has proved himself a valuable county official. Like most political subdivisions, Madison County was "in the red." Under Chairman Hallcr's careful leadership, the county achieved a black-ink standing •without crippling any of the county's services, His lias been a progressive leadership, yet tempered with enough conservatism,to keep the county from embarking on untried, expensive experiments. Gus Haller's election to his eighteenth term as chairman of the board of supervisors was an honor richly deserved, and in paying the deserved honor the members of the board did credit to themselves and a service to the county. Awards for Kindness At Alton State Hospital Something new has been added in-the way of awards. At Alton State Hospital, three employes were honored with awards because of their kindness, consideration and helpfulness. This type of reward should be practiced by institutions and business houses on a wide scale. Ic is a basis for judging a person that is probably more accurate than .any other single method—except that employed in determining heroism. To be kind and considerate to one's fellow workers and the public, as well as those over whom one hat jurisdiction such as was the case of the honored hospital employes, is one of the great distinctions in life. Human kindness is a quality that must be a continual process to be recognized, whereas bravery or special excellence in just one instance is noc nearly as good a criterion of those who deserve recognition. Credit is due those officials of the Alton State Hospital who helped promote the awards on the basis of kindness and consideration. When It's lied Hot in Moscow The caprices of the spring weather have led to many editorial comments, usually by those who would speed the perfect weather of the springtime to send away the chill hangover of winter. But we of the Middlcwest, in the Mississippi Valley, arc better off, it appears, than London and Paris, where snow fell this week, and Britain, France and Belgium, where unseasonable, low temperatures prevailed, While all this was going on, Moscow had the warmest April 25 in 70 years. The temperature climbed to 85 degrees. That seems hot, even for Red Moscow. The Reds may not be so hot in this country, at this time, but in the Red capital the Reds are red-hot, at 85 degrees, Tfte giant efforts of the building Industry have resulted in millions of new dwellings and on ell sides there are signs that we are catching uj> with the housing ?hortS£e.v-Sen. John W, Bricker (R) of Years Ago 6, 1925 Earl Miller of Hartford, who had hart the misfortune lo lose n hand In an accident about « ypar before, had accepted a position In the office of Alton Automobile Co. He had juil completed ft course In bookkeeping and general office work at. Brown'* Business College. Mr. and Mr*. John Flynn of Morrftyvllle were guests of their daughter*, Mr*. M. G. Ryan and Ml«s Louise Flynn. C. A. Ifnlsey had gone lo Memphis, Tenn., on a business I rip for Standard Oil Co. Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Malcolm had taken fhc fteall dotf.age and were planning to spend the summer at Clifton Terrace. Miss Frances Caakey, who attended school In St. Charles, Mo,, hart come to Alton to attend the musl- cnle nl the Ursullne Academy In which her sister, Celesln, look par). The filrls were daughters of Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Caskey of the Godfrey road. Miss Hnzel Ash had accepted a position In (he office of the International Shoe Co. Mrs. E. O. Merlwelher of 1820 Maple had left for Camp Harrison near Indianapolis, Ind., lo visit her son, LI. Clement Merlwether, Mr. and Mrs. O. L, Blackburn of Williams street were announcing the birth of a daughter, born April 25. The Bud Krug addition, adjoining Falrmount addition, had boon subdivided Into lots. Trees, plants and shrubbery had been set, out on each lot lo beautify It. Krug had spent a largo sum of money Improving the addition. Ho contemplated building several houses. Mrs. Fred Maul of Ridge street entertained a party of friends In celebration of her birthday anniversary. Games wore played and favors presented lo Mrs. Dean Cnlllson, Miss Alma Frnnler, Mrs. William Miller, and Mrs). Blanche Yost. Guests at the pitrly Included Mrs. Dean Calllson, Mrs. 1). Woolsey, Mrs. Klhol Whlll.cn, Mrs. J. Kenney, Mrs. Gertrude Maul, Mrs. Walter Calvey, Mrs. Wllllarn Miller, Mrs. B. Yost, and the Misses Floss Dlellker, Alma Frusler, Mary Taylor, Beulah Taylor, Emmn Stroker, Minnie Strokcr, Ruth Schmoeller nncl Edith King. Miss Eleanor Horlon had been elected president of the Town Club In St. Louis and Miss Elizabeth Cueny, vice-president. Miss Cuony, who Was well known among Alton lovers of music, was secretary of the St. Louis Civic League. Miss Ha/el Green was hostess to a dinner party, enlurlHining members of the Cho Cho San club. In addition to members Miss Green had as guests Miss Marlon Gent and Miss Irene Lucent. Miss Mary Esther Cousley entertained 18 of her friends at the Cousley homo on Bolleviow avenue with a luncheon-bridge. She was assisted by her mother, Mrs. P. B. Cousley, and Mrs. Amy Sinter of Wood Elver. Mrs. William McKlnncy of College avenue entertained her pinochle club and prizes were awarded to Mrs. John Hetge, Mrs. C. G. Martini, sr., Mrs. George Ott of Belleville, Mrs, Henry Sen/ and Mrs. Albert Volper. Np matter how you measure it, the economic git- uation now l« my strong.—keen H. Keyserling, act. Jag tiwlraWD <tf tt»* CawocU ot ficononUc advisers. 5O Years Ago April 26, 1900 August Neerrnan bid In the Piasa Woolen Mill properlles on Belle nt Eighth, at $9886, the amount of claims, when a public sale was conducted by Master In Chancery W. M. Warnock of Edwardsvllle. Neerman expressed doubt the properly ever again would be used as a woolen'mllt, and anriSunced tentative plans to remove the machinery. The stone building wns erected In 1857-58 by Nathan Johnson and Richard Emerson and was operated ns a foiui- dry, machine nnd hoilershop until 1861 when open- Ing of Ihe Civil War caused the enterprise to fail. Tho Nichols Woolen milling firm took over after the war. Later the Neerman, Boals, Tcasdalc syndicate acquired the mill and operated It until 1894. The special lale-nighl Iroln on the Burlington which carried the Root-Hope wedding party to the Union Station, St. Louis, made the trip in Ihe record lime of 27 minutes, not counting a 2-mlnule stop at West Alton. Engineer Crowe was-at the throttle, Conductor E. B. Haywood in charge. The train ran 60 miles an h«ur from West Alton to North St. Louis. Supervisor John Elble was being talked up ns a candidate for mayor. Mr. and Mrs. Archibald Mills of State street announced the blrlh of a son. Mrs. B. H. Eden of East St. Louis was visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Nelninger. § Mrs. W. A. Bode of East Eighth entertained with an evening party. Mrs. Lucy Machln of Farber, Mo., n former Altonian, was a guest at the John Burton home. C. A. Vanpreter, East End merchant, bought the Anlon Kremer residence property on East Fourth, Through Ed Yager, Theodore Bertier bought the H. A. Hoffman place on East Ninth,- between Henry and Liberty, at 51400. The funeral of Mrs. Jennie D. Perrin, wife of A. M. Perrin of Chicago, was conducted by the Rev. H. K. Sanborne. Ladies of the Dominant Ninth, of which Mrs. Perrin had been a member, sang two selections during the services with their director, Mrs. C. B,*Rohland, at the organ. Pallbearers were Jacob Wead, Edward Sparks, Robert Hnnna nnd E. M. Bowman of Alton, Harold Maxwell and E. S. Pierce of SI. Louis. Birdie, the little daughter of Mrs. Edward McLaln, died at tha-. family home on, East Third, near Oak, two month! after the tragic death of her father In a hunting accident. The Spalding Club baseball team had been organized with S. Sneerlnger as. Manager. J. Riley was catcher, C. Conley, pitcher. Other players were B. Gavstang, G. Bruner, H. Chalk, W. Cremen, S. Toole, J. Crivello and J. Burton. A contract for the repairing ol the First M. E. church, interior and exterior, was let to A. A. Neff, and a contract for pointing the stone work was awarded lo Ralph Dlxon. Some general repair work already had bean done, and money for the painting already was In hand. Mr. and Mrs. George Welch wei« afflicted by the death of their VNmonlh-oliJ son, William, of brain fever. The Rev. G. Shephard was to conduct the funeral at the family horhe, 211.4 Johnson. Carol B. Lathy of Upper Alton advertised a reward for Ihe return of his lost black and white pup whose collar bore tho name, Rose Klnlock. The Williams Bros, of Belhalto sent word to Police Chief Volbrachi asking that a watch be kept here for their horse, stolen during the night. Heye Mansholt was elected a village trustee at Bethalto to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of B. C. Meyer. Accidental discharge of his shotgun caused Lonzo Wood of Mora slight powder burns about the scalp. On observing some crows, Wood entered the house for his gun. But In his haste to pick it up, the hammers caught on his clothing, causing the weapon to lire. The shot load, narrowly missing his head, damaged the celling, It U my deepest conviction the future of the United Nations Itself and even the future of world peace depend, on the case presented by the Chinese government against Russia.—Generalissimo Chiang Lewis Buries Joe Dickmon's Human Rights WASHINGTON, April 26.-MI1- llons of words have been spoken In Congress and on the stump about "civil right?," and yet, when the case of Joe DIckmon is considered, one wondefr* If It Isn't nfler an In some Of Its aspects ju*t » phony l«nie which merely emphasizes the hypocrisy of poll- tic-Inns. For .Joe DIckmon has lost not only his civil rights—his right 'to speak and hi* .right lo work—but lie has been -punished for trying lo exercise them. ,Toe DIckmon Is n navy veteran with a wife and child. He wanted to work five days a week Instead of three at the only trade he knows—coal mining. But he made the mistake of trying to express himself In supposedly free America—he called John Lewis a "dictator." J'rornplly the totalitarianism of tho American labor-union move- mentthe "closed shop"—closed In on Ulckmon nnrl he was suspended from the union and immediately the employer wns compelled, of course, to dismiss him from his Job. He has been out of work three months. For In free America under the totalitarian "closed shop," or "union shop," the union dictates that anyone who Isn't "In good standing" In a union can be ordered fired from his job. Once a union member offends a union officer, he cnn be expelled from the union. He holds his job not hocnuHo of the <|uality of the work he does but because of his willingness to boollick his union officers. With his wife and child hungry, DIckmon decided to apologize and retract what ho had said. He Is hoping now (hat the union will give him work. Ho has despaired of getting work any other way. Me has learned that in freo America Ihe real government Is the labor union's government. For nobody in Congress took up the cause of Joe DIckmon. Nobody demanded an Investigation of totalitarian methods in American unions nnd put on a filibuster till he not action. Nobody told tho "Voice of America" to soft-pedal its proud broadcasts to Russia about how free the American workingman Is—nncl nobody In the Truman administration, whic-h boasts of n deep interest In Hie "little man," stopped-for a moment lo give Dickmon n word of sympathy, much less the benefit of an investigation by the Department of Justice or FBI such as occurs when Negroes are "lynched" In the South. None of the so-called liberal organizations active in promoting civil rights took up Dickmon's plight. Why wasn't something, done about, it? There is, of course, on the part of the administration no liking for the Lewis leadership in the coal-mining unions but to act In this case meant acting In scores of other cases of Intimidation and coercion in other labor unions separate from coal mining. It meant alienating the votes and the campaign money of those big labor unions which are^ the chief support of the Democratic party in the North today. The National Labor Relations Board is supposed to inquire Into cases of coercion of individual workers by labor-unions, but there is no evidence that the NLRB ever interested Itself in the case of Joe Dickmon. If It did, where would he get the money to pay lawyers' fees? There wns a time when the American Civil Liberties Union, a fine organization, interested itself in cases of this kind nnd raised money for defense and to take cure of a defendant who had been the victim of injustice. But apparently nobody took care of Joe DIckmon, so he decided to bow his knee and beg for work at the only place where he had found he could perhaps get his job back. Says the Washington Evening Stat In an editorial: "We hear a great deal these days about the dignity of the human being, Our public men, our church leaders, our educators work themselves Into a state of indignation when some poor soul is dragged before an iron curtain court nnd forced to confess sins he never committed so that his family can eat and survive. But here in tlTe United States, in this 'free' land, a young man who has fought for his country can be forced to recant a wholly truthful statement as the price of, being permitted to work, and it is passed by with n few paragraphs In the newspapers. "If this can happen to Joe Dlck- ToonoryilJe Folks Sitta Glances •i Ool bruit h com. IM« rr nt« tinvict, INC. T. M. »to. u. t. PAT. err "All right, maybe she never was in Polynesia—but could you do it?" Pearson's Merry-Go-Bound Brass Set Policy WASHINGTON, April '26—Despite the hue and cry about friends of the Chinese Communists In tho State Department, top-secret documents in tho files of the Joint chiefs of staff will reveal that major decisions on China were made, not by State Department advisers, but by hard-headed generals. The sally seadog, Adm. William Leahy; the sober military planner, Gen. George C. Marshall, and their associates on the joint chiefs pushed the most far-reaching decision made by the United States on the Far East. That decision, argued back and forth in the While House and the Pentagon for weeks, was to admit Soviet Russia to a partnership in Asia. Back of this were frightening military logistics and a lack of faith in !he atomic bomb. The somber argument given President, Roosevelt by his most trusted military advisers was, "The invasion of Japan will cost 100,000 American casualties unless a Russian attack across Manchuria pins down every Jap unit on the mainland." Simultaneously there were skeptical reports to the joint chiets from Gen. Leslie Groves, chief of the Manhattan district, which said the United States could not count on the atomic bomb to achieve major damage. Such leading scientists as Dr. William Oppen- helmer opposed Groves, pleaded that the new weapon could end the war, but Groves' view prevailed at the Pentagon in 1944-45. That was why the joint chiefs were prepared to make major concessions to Russia to prevent overwhelming loss of life in the proposed invasion of Japan. In fact, they even agreed to give the USSR railway access to the Pacific, Baltic sea and the Persian gulf. This was much further than FDR ever went at Yalta. Decision on China The decision that Chiang Kai- shek's nationalist government was a lost cause was recommended later by Gen. Marshall after his disillusioning experience in China. To a closed-door session of the Senate foreign relations committee, Gen. Marshall explained: "American recommendations are ignored. Chiang is an honest, If stubborn man, who is surrounded by independent war lords and thieves. I have seen Chiang give instructions in good faith that were never carried out down the line." Last winter, a secret military Intelligence report led lo a decision not to send American military aid to Nationalist forces in Formosa. This report stated that a majority of tho 6,500,000 Formo- sans look on Chiang and his Chinese as "carpet baggers." Hundreds of Formosans, the report stated, were ruthlessly killed In the early months of Chinese mon, it can happen to any one of his fellow miners. Why is it that the articulate friends of the 'common man remain silent?" (Reproduction RlKhtg Reserved) By Fontaine Fox CANE" IS A FEARSPM£ V/BAP9N OF MANY USES •1&-SQ occupation in 1945. During any battle for Formosa, the natives would be unfriendly to Chiang and sabotage his operations. Also, the report contended, the Chinese troops were in bad morale, because they wanted to return lo their homes and families on the mainland. One "If" was appended on Ihls decision. x If Chiang would voluntarily surrender authority to the Formosans, then the United States should support an independent Formosa. Note—An unpublished report by the Truman committee on corruption in China was responsible for President Roosevelt's distinct coolness to Madame Chiang Kai-shek on her last visit to him. Harry Truman, then senator from Missouri, advised FDR that as much as half of the American goods flown across the hump and hauled across the Burma road never reached the fighting fronts, and that one Chinese war lord was actually sending tungsten to the Japs. Bedsheets for KKK A delegation of prominent Jewish leaders called on Attorney- General McGrath the other day. Led by B'Nai B'rlth President Frank Goldman they presented McGrath was a copy of the Anti- Defamation League's explosive new book "A Measure of Freedom." In the course of their talk, Goldman, who hails from Lowell, Mass., asked the attorney-general, also a New Englander, to support a federal bill outlawing Interstate travel of masked or hooded Klansmen. McGrath, whose religion does not make him a Klan admirer, replied "the bill makes sense to me." Then he added, with a twinkle: "But we wouldn't want to do anything to Interfere with the sale of beclsheets manufactured in New England, would we?" Editors Hear Truman The august American Society of Newspaper Editors, meeting in Washington last week, was warned of- being investigated for "harboring Russian spies." The warning came from Washington Star Editor Ben McKelway in Introducing President Truman. "It's about time we made a clean breast of the whole matter," said McKelway. "Two years ago, the society had several Russians as our guests. As a matter of fact, one of them sat in the same chair as the President. We will probably be investigated by the House un- American activities committee. But Senator McCarthy will be here to- nighl, and I don't wanl to steal his thunder," The President enjoyed the joke. Washington Scene A tanned and dapper White House crony sits in an old courtroom with the paint cracking trom the walls and listens with straying attention to charges he lied to a Senate committee about his bank account. . . . Johnny Maragon, the onetime Kansas City shoeshlne boy who parlayed his friendship with Harry Truman and Harry Vaughan into big earnings, wears gold cuff links, a natty double- breasted suit, and a fancy silk tie admired by the reporters. . . .During the dull clashes of lawyers, Johnny plays with his fingers, stares into space with mournful eyes, or carefully watches the audience come and go. He has a poor house, nothing like the queued-up crowd Judy Coplon drew. ... At intermissions, Maragon makes a point of stopping by the press table to put his arm around reporters he met casually at the White House. t Hlg City Crime An eye-opening lesson on why big rackets operate so freely was given senators by the model mayor of Los Angeles, Fletcher Bowron. Mayor Bowron's testimony didn't make the same headlines as those who rattled off names of gangsters in the bookie racket, but he gave the committee its first clear look at the props behind organized crime. The cheerful, round-faced Bowron set down three major factor*: 1. Public apathy. "Thousands of bookies In Los Angeles," the mayor said, "are brought in to the courts and given fines instead of jail sentences. They go right took to Robert & Allen Rggggf? 6 Amerasla 9 Pnzzle WASHINGTON, April 26—While Senator Joe McCarthy is busily trying to make something out of his latest sensation, the 1945 "Amerasla" case, House officials are privately trying to get at the bottom of a curious fact they have uncovered regarding this mystery- cloaked affair. They have discovered that while McCarthy and the backstage elements working with him In his tumultuos jeremiad apparently have a copy of the secret Investigation of the case, no record of It Is In the archives of the House. So far, House Clerk Ralph Roberts has come up with no answer for this mystery. Under House procedure, a copy of the Investigation of the "Amer- asla" case should have been filed with Roberts' office for a permanent record. There Is no evidence thai this was done. His files contain no copy of a tran- scrlpl of Ihe secret probe, which Included the proceedings of. a grand jury Investigation of the case, But this secret testimony Is in the possession of McCarthy. The probe was made by a House judiciary subcommittee of three Democrats and Ihree Republicans headed by Representative Sam Hobbs (D., Ala.). As reported in this column April 18, the investigation was conducted under hush- hush circumstances. Some of the hearings were held in Hobbs' private office. Velma Smedley, assistant chlet clerk of the' judiciary committee, has given this column additional information on the secrecy ol the probe. She was the clerk of the Hobbs subcommittee and describes the proceedings as follows: "Rather than take the chance that the regular committee reporters might be submitted to pressure to make extra copies of the hearings, Mr. Hobbs had a reporter brought in from the outside to do this work. To the best of my knowledge, only one transcript of the hearings was made. Everything was so secret that even I wasn'l allowed to see It." Chief Clerk Bess Effrat Dick, asked about the matter, replied, "No comment." Note: On Oct. 23, 1946, the three Democrats on the subcommittee issued a "majority" report. It declared: "The evidence disclosed an astonishing lack of security In some departments," but exonerated authorities of any charge of mishandling the prosecution of the case. Of the six defendants, only three were indicted. Of these, Phillip Jaffe, editor of Amerasia magazine, pled guilty and was fined 52500; Emmanuel Sigurd Larsen entered a plea of "nolo contendere" and was fined $500; and the case against the third, Navy Lt. Andrew Roth, was dropped. Big Surprise Senator Ed Johnson (D., Colo.) got quite a surprise at the Jefferson-Jackson day dinner in Colorado last week. He was one of Ihe main speakers and in the course of his remarks went out of his way to heap praise on Representative John Carroll CD., Colo.), militant Fair Dealer. Although the two men are opposite poles on most issues, Johrfson acclaimed Carroll in these glowing terms, "He proved to be the 'freshman bongressman of the year' when he was first elected and he has continued to grow in stature and favor In Washington from that day to this." A few minutes later Carroll rose and announced his candidacy against Johnson's old and warm Republican friend, Senator Eugene Mlllikin. Clearly startled, Johnson remained silent. Utility Probe The utility Industry staged another of its "briefing" breakfasts for Washington newsmen, but it's doubtful whether It was worth the cost. Less than 12 reporters snowed up, and one of them put Purcell L. Smith, $65,000-a-year lobbyist for the National Association of Electric Companies, on an awkward spot. The correspondent asked Smith how utility profits in 1949 compared with those of 10 years ago, when public power development was a great deal • less than it Is now. Smith replied he didn't have the figures at hand, but was certain that 'profits had declined. The newsman smiled and let It go at that. Later he showed colleagues an article from the Wall Street Journal reporting that 1949 utility profits had broken all records. According to the Journal, these earnings were 16 percent above 1948 and were due to "the highest sales on record, plus a substantial drop in the cost of producing elec- tricity, due to greater efficiency of new equipment, lower fuel costs, and an increase in rates Itftn $40,* 000,000 to $45,000,000." "Stockholders also shared in the Industry's improved showing," the article concluded. "Common stock, dividends are calculated at $465,» 000,0000 or 15 percent ahead of lha $403,000,000 dispersed to common stockholders In 1948. . . .Preferred dividends for 1949 totaled $105,000,000 compared to $100,000,000 a year ago." Best Seller The House lobby investigating committee certainly hit pay-dirt with its first witness. The committee has received hundreds of requests for the statement by Herbert U. Nelson, $25,000-a« year lobbyist of the National Association of Real Estate Boards, that "democracy stinks" and that "no woman should be allowed to vote." The requests have come from individuals and state and local organizations all over the country. One American Legion post telegraphed for 100 copies of the "bestseller." Despite the hullabaloo caused by his blunt comments, Nelson stuck firmly by them at an unreported Session of the Committee. "How long ago did you come to the conclusion that democracy stinks?" asked Representative Clyde Doyle (D,, Calif.). "My philosophy from childhood has been founded on the conception that our country Is a republic," replied Nelson. "That is not an answer to my question." "Well, I have always felt that way about it." "Do you still feel that way about It?" demanded Doyle. "Yes, I do." "You know what the common conception of the word 'stinks' is, don't you?" "That is my personal view," said Nelson. "It is not the view of th« organization I represent." "Then you ought to be ashamed of yourself," retorted Doyle. Note: One item of undisclosed information in the committee's files is that the National Association of Real Estate Boards arranged for Senator William Knowland (R., Calif.) to address a banquet in Philadelphia for which he received -"over $500. Vanished Surplus The government isn't being stuck with all the crop surpluses il ha* bought up. There is one exception. It is the $6,000,0000 worth oi tung mils purchased from Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and Louisiana growers last year. Three months ago it looked as if the government would not be able to get rid of its large stock of tung nuts, but the situation has changed and all have been sold to commercial buyers. Getting Hot Iowa Democrats apparently think it's worthwhile to go after the seat of Republican Senator Bourke Hlckenlooper. Seven can- diddles are now entered in the Democratic primary. The latest is former Gov. Nelson Kraschel, who is running as opponent ol the Brannan Plan Adm. Forrest Sherman has issued a second reprimand to navy officers on duty in Washington. He has ordered them to spruce up their appearance. Several months ago he issued a rebuke for their failure to salute the President House and Senate conferees are at sharp loggerheads over how much life insurance companies should pay in back taxes. The House voted to require them to pay §90,000,000 on earnings from investments during 1947, '48 and '49. The Senate wants them to pay $112,000,000 for 1949 and 1950. . . .Representative Melvin Price (D., 111.), member of the joint atomic energy committee, who contends there is nothing to flying saucers, has received several hundreds letters from individual* who claim they have seen the discs. (Copyright. 1850, Post-Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Questions Answers To — By HASKI/V — • Mall Inquiries to Ilaskin Information Bureau, Hoskin Service, 1200 Eye St., N.VV. Washington 5, D, O. Enclose 8 cents for return postage. work. The courts reflect public indifference." 2. Corruption of public officials. In his own city, Mayor Bowron threw out any possibility of corruption by appointing as police chief the hard-hitting, efficient marine, Major Gen. W. A, Worton, "I gave him a free hand," said Bowron, "no political obligations. He can go into anything without fear of interference." ,1. The indifference of the federal government to some types of crime, Bowron brought up a little known fact that slot machine operators point to their federal licenses or tax receipts when local police arrest them and argue that they are condoned by Uncle Sam. Also the Federal Communications Commission has yet to crack down- on the network that leases 16,630 miles of wire to send race results to bookies. "I am not trying to shift the burden for stopping crime," Mayor Bowron explained. "I realize thu local responsibility, but we can't stop the bookie rackets when the information that Is their life blood comes across state lines." Q. What does Viet Nam mean? M. C. R, A. It means "Distant South,'' and is the ancient name for Annam, a province of what was formerly French Indo-China. Viet Nam and Tonkin now form an independent republic. Q. What Is the color of crude petroleum when It first comes out of the ground? F .B. M. A. Crude petroleum varies In color from almost white through amber and greenish brown co black, depending upon the different hydrocarbons it contains, with such Impurities as phosphorus, sulphur, nitrogen, and occasion* ally some other negligible suo- stances. Q. Are chives onions? J. I. B. A Chive Is closely related to the onion but unlike the onion the stalks or leaves of the plant are the edible portion, being used as seasoning and as garnish in cooking. Q. How many men does It take tp perform the equivalent of one horsepower in work In a day? Nt J, H. A- The late Charles P. Stein- meU once estimated that It takes more than 92 men to perform one horsepower's worth of work In the course ot a. whole day. On the other hand, Dr. J, Q. Lester of Emory University, Atlanta, esti> mated that t man who runs a mile in 4 minutes flat wlU to develop f horsepower,

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