A-4 Alton Evening Telegraph Monday, January 11, 1971 What WO think about... tegwlotirc self-interest ... Hard drugs Voters against pay hike? While the Paul Powell scandal provided a temporary shock for the state, wr have a feeling the long-range point of discussion — perhaps verging on scandal — will center On the just expired legislature's raising of salaries for itself by 45 per cent. It's time that the new constitution provides annual sessions for the legislature and i! is probably they will be extended to virtually continuous sessions —a la Congress. They may eventually make the pay hike valid. This could add a further extension. Legislators should be required fo devote full time to their jobs and abandon ot lid- professional or occupational responsibilities. Certainly the legislature faces a rough year ahead, with the hundreds of bills required to re-orient state law under changes dictated by the new constitution. Yet the taxpayers at home will he sure to relate the sudden pay-raise with the stale Income tax approved during the 10(58 session as a source of increased revenue, and ask where it all will end. Many demands during the past year for sharp increases in union scales throughout the country sooner or !.?fer involved references to Congress' gauge of the treasury through its recent sharp pay increases. Can we expect another wave of this sort, of reasoning, growing out of the Illinois legislators boost, as a further element in speeding up our general inflation? With their $17,500 a year salary plus $(5,000 expenses, Illinois legislators top all others in the nation for pay scale. California conies fairly close, with $10,200 in salary, $25 a day expenses for times when assembly is in session, and state cars. In fact, some of California's legislators might have it a little on the Illinoisans. Though we've just finished adopting a new slate constitution, there may be room for further improvement. Our recommendation is an amendment requiring the legislators to act on any salary changes for themselves belore the primaries. While the old constitution and the new one prevent a legislator from voting himself a salary raise in that no changes are allowed during terms of office, many of '.he lawmakers who voted the latest increase already had been re-elected before the action look place. Others had been defeated, had retired, or were moving to other posts and were not interested in public: reaction. They were subject to "buddy" pressure. We believe the General Assembly members should be made subject to public opinion for their votes on their own pay rates. Throat to young lives Traffic and use of "hard" narcotics no longer are an imaginary threat in another ( ity, county or stale. Raids in Edwardsville coordinated by federal, state and local authorities netted a surprising array of drugs and drug paraphernalia. Some readers may find it shocking that officials feel the drugs are supplied by Mafia linked pushers. However, it's time eyes were opened, especially those of parents. The student set .seems to take drugs, their availability, and dangers for granted. "It's all part of the scene," they say. Nevertheless, the throat is real and it's only as far' away as your neighborhood school, street corner or student gathering place. The raids should make supply more difficult. All agencies involved deserve full public support and cooperation as efforts continue to rub out this menace to cur youth. Poor corporate example Granite City Steel Company has challenged the constitutionality of the Illinois Environmental Protection Act seeking dismissal of charges against the firm of excessive air pollution. The definitions of air pollution are at issue in (lie case. Heavy fines over $400,000 are being sought against, the firm by the EPA, which possesses quasi-judicial powers under the act. Outcome of the case could determine whether the act. is to have any teeth at all. Our own philosophy is that industry can and must show a determined interest in trying to eliminate its pollution contributions, even though it is difficult for steel mills and power plants. If the steel company's challenge is successful, the pollution bill will be weakened at a crucial time when the EPA seems to be getting operable. We don't advocate putting industry out of business by excessive fines but we do favor punitive measures if corrective steps are not taken to seek pollution elimination. Somewhere between the hard line and no controls at all lies a workable agreement. On water pollution, the Illinois Pollution Control Board finalized a Dec. 31, 1973 deadline for municipalities and industries to have secondary treatment of sewa&3 and wastes completed. This, too, will pressure Granite City Steel and other area industries. If the groundwork under way to eliminate or curb pollution is to be successful, cooperation will be necessary by all agencies and parties involved — not the stalling, negative approach of the smoke belching, water polluting steel company. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Readers forum Why not recycle? 9 Er ... would you consider the possibility that you could both be wrong? The smoke pollution reported recently in the Telegraph resulting from burning trees removed during the construction of a bridge on Rte. 140 in Cottage Hills is an example of a problem and a missed opportunity which is widespread on especially highway construction sites throughout the United States. The problem is obvious. Contractors, intent on their own projects, regard trees, even by the hundreds, as mere obstructions to be removed in the fastest way possible, willy-nilly, pollution or not. The missed opportunity seems also obvious. Large construction projects often involve careless destruction of saw logs, many of them hardwood, and of many cords of good firewood. Though a contractor may not want to preoccupy himself with using the wood, surely is seems like a business opportunity for someone. Cooperation between construction contractors and tree men would remove a problem for the former and provide business for the latter. One might go so far as to suggest that government contracts such as the one in Cottage Hills ought to include a requirement for the economical use of trees to be removed, thus preventing massive pollution; providing Jobs, and stopping a re,al waste of natural resources. PAUL 0. WILLIAMS Elsali Protesting too much? We are all uncomfortable because of too many, too much, in too small places. Forum letters I read have Impressed me as being motivated by the illusions of ambitious protesters. I agree only when protesters are honestly trying to improve their condition, not motivated by the desire to convert the world to the ideas in their organizations. I observed the Forum print- column averages about four to six words to the line. Too many printed letters used 80 to 179 print lines, or about. 716 to J.,074 words. The editor's note reads, "150 words preferred". 1 hope some person is not making the Forum a private promoting agency. Readers' Forum should inform. Air conditioning clous not remove tobacco poison. Any filter tight enough to remove tobacco poison would be loo tight to use as a filter. DANCEY R. SMITH 101 East Delmar Road (Alton) Mail R.F.D. 5, Godfrey Settlement now! How can the Alton Box Btjnrd Co. bring strike breaking men into its plant without, the city of Alton doing a thing? Is it just for the company? What about the people who buy their needs from all the Alton stores? They have no jobs, and can't buy the things they need. Alton's mayor should wake up and do something now, before it's too late and the city becomes a ghost town. Strikes, strikes! That's all we hear now. There arc still some people who like to work and not sit around and look for handouts and food stamps. The money for those food stamps, in the long run, conies from the working people who have jobs. We need the strike settled now, not six weeks from now. It is already too long. MRS. CALVIN DAVIS (Alton Box Board Driver's Wife) Hie. 1, Shipman Brakes needed It's about time the brakes were applied to the wild spending at Southern Illinois University, at. both Edwardsville and Cmliondnle. Since when are the likes of these given carte blanche in their budgets and in their spending? A million dollars for the home at, Carbondale! Absurd as this was, it truly characterized the attitude of disregard and contempt for the taxpayer's money, not only by SIU but by almost every spending body which feeds at the trough of public dollars. It's high time the so-called and obvious taxpayers' revolt hears some fruit. E. N. SCIIRE1TOK, 1021 Johnson, Curlmville How am tve ivin ? WtAPMlt WJ301M Victor Riescl LBJ determined to keep Kennedy clan out Our involvement in South Vietnam is not a war. It Is nol a conflict. Yet there are those who want the United States lo "save face" by "winning". llmv mi earth can you win a police action? CYNTHIA STHADEH, 228 Lincoln, East Alton Publishers-Hall Syndicate DALLAS — Meanwhile back at, Ihe ranch, Lyndon Baines Johnson, still tall in the saddle, may be restless — but he's nol foolish. He's working on his memoirs — and Ihese won't include another try at the vice presidency, the presidency or anything more than a crack at some ambassadorship-at-large under s o in e Democratic administration — if and when. Those memoirs will include reference to an old museum piece I once heard him call "the Austin-Boston Axis." The only use he has for it now is to clobber what's left of the Kennedy machine. "Mr. President" Johnson, politically, philosophically and ideologically, is determined lo keep the Kennedys out of the White House and, if possible, drive them from influence in the Democratic Party — which he has not the slightest intention of deserting. And he's beginning to niiikc waves, ripples still, but little waves nonetheless. Soon he'll speak out against the Nixon administration's economic policies. John Connally's acceptance of the Treasury secretaryship was never Intended to signal a deal of sill-nee on LIU's part. There are good reports that for the moment the former president thinks kindly of Maine's Ed Muskie. These stories spring from Ihe relationship be I ween Ihe M o I i o n Picture Assn.'s President Jack Valenti (who slept easier because Mr. Johnson was in the White House) and the continent hopping senator from Maine. Mr. Valenti is helping wilh some of Ihe writing and political counselling for the front-running aspirant from the most Northeast. Jack Valenti may be off on his own. But that's doubtful. Certainly he must have at least consulted his old chief before front-running for the front-runner as Mr. Johnson's old friend and counsellor Jim Rowe did for Hubert Humphrey in 1!)(!(). Objective then was lo stop Jack Kennedy. Objective now is to stop Ted Kennedy who, despite a bad back, is standing by in the still-to-be-built wings of a still-to-be- scheduled national nominating convention — waiting for Son. Muskie lo be deadlocked with some other hopeful such as Iowa's Sen. Harold Hughes. And let no one und c r e s I i in a t e the built-in political power of Mr. Johnson. Thai power is in the labor movement. Mis relationship wilh chief of chiefs George Moany and the rest of the union's coalition was closer than labor has ever had wilh any president including Jack Kennedy and Franklin Roosevelt. You can't get much closer. It's generally overlooked — especially in the magnesium- white heal of Ihe Vietnam W a r discussions, rioting, bombings and slreel protests — but Mr. Johnson signed at least 100 bills inlo laws sought by the labor movement. Add to this the pragmatic facl of polilical life — that labor's Committee on Political Education (COPE) now is the nalion's strongest, vole- winning machine and it becomes obvious Ihal Mr. Johnson has clout. And while we're on political arithmetic, remember that labor had 102 actual delegates on Ihe floor of Ihe 1068 D c in o c r a 11 c nominating convention plus some 200 alternates, 3 headquarters and scores of lobbyists those hectic days, in Chicago. Certainly it's a pragmatic age and someone will ask what did LBJ do for them lately and what can he do for them comes '72. He can turn into quite an ally. He's going their way. They're going his way — and that's not the way of Ted Kennedy, Harold Hughes, George McGovern and others of the new politics. of course I don't, doubt that organized labor will endorse Carl Roivan Ready for health care battle? Ted Kennedy and most any olher Democrals againsl Richard Nixon in '72. -Thai's the lore of Ihe land. Bui Ihe labor leaders would prefer a Muskie or a Humphrey — or bolh. It's too early to conjecture. But there's no doubt of the value of LBJ and the AFL-CIO to each other in this passion. If you lake Texas oul of COPE, whal have you got? And the likelihood is that Texas Democrats will follow their old leader. That involves a powerful lot of powerful delegates to the nominating convention — and 25 electoral votes. So both forces keep in touch with each other. Some time ago Lyndon Johnson invited George Meany lo come and lead a seminar on labor relations next year at the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas when the division opens its doors. Mr. Meany said he'd be glad to come. And that's a long way from Washington just to teach a class. Forum writers, note The Telegraph welcomes prose expression)! of its reader's o w n opinions. Writers' nutncN uml addresses must be published with their letters. Contributions should be concise, preferably not exceeding; 150 words, and are subject to conUensutlon. WASHINGTON — President Nixon has announced Ihal a hcallh care program will be one of Ihe lop priority items which he will push upon the 92nd Congress. I have no idea what Mr. Nixon will propose, but of this I am sure: health care will become as important and controversial as perhaps any issue to be dealt with by this Congress, so Americans who care had better begin preparing for the battle. Excepl for a few people who have a chronic fear of change, it is generally conceded thai our heallh care system is a wasteful mess Ihal borders on chaos. We are spending aboul $65 billion a year (more lhan for educalion or Social Securily) on all phases of heallh care, slill millions of Americans in cily slums and rural areas hardly know whal decent medical care is. In vital areas like infant mortality and life expectancy we lag behind 15 countries although we spend a greater share of our money for health care than they do. What is wrong? That is where the controversy will begin. Random House will publish a book Wednesday (''The American Health Empire") that claims a "medical-industrial complex" has taken over and thai heallh care and prevenlive /medicine have laken a back seat to "profit-making, institutional expansion, and research development." The authors, Barbara and John Ehrenreich, reflect the views of a group of young activists in the Health Policy Advisory Center. They claim that for America's rich "the medical system produces a luxury commodity — the most painstaking super- lechnological I r e a I m e n I possible ... Ihe poor, on Hie olher hand, serve chiefly to subsidize medical research and education . . . with their bodies." This group of activists opposes a national health in s u r a n c e plan on the assumption it will still be in Ihe grip of Ihe "medical- industrial complex." The activists want community and worker control of heallh programs. Nol many members of Congress will diagnose the problem as severely as do the Ehrenreichs. Congressinal liberals are likely to demand some form of national health insurance. Even that will be distasteful to much of the medical profession — and probably to Ihe White House. Medical men will foresee a prison of bureaucratic entanglements and more of the kind of waste thai has attended medicare and medicaid in any nalional insurance scheme. Which is a reminder Ihal lo the queslion '"whal's wrong?" many people answer: "Doctors!" Fortune magazine said last year Ihal "Ihe nalion's 313,000 active physicians are quite properly the main target for the critics of the heallh care system. The doctors created the system. They run it. And they are the mosl formidable obstacles lo ils improvement ... Ihe U.S. alone among Ihe world's developed countries has given the medical fraternity such free'dom." Jack Anderson Old crimefighters are running FBI WASHINGTON — The FBI is run by two fading old crimefighters, J. Edgar Hoover and Clyde Tolson, both bachelors, both in their 70s. Both deserve to, retire to a place where the pace and , weather are kinder on the bodies of old men whose work is completed. Tolson is so feeble, in fact, that Hoover had to use a loophole in the law to keep him on the job without taking a physical. Our investigation indicates that Tolson belongs in a nursing home, not at the helm of the FBI. Edgar and Clyde, as the pair are known irreverently in law enforcement circles, are inseparable companions. They not only quarterback the FBI together; they also lunch together, dine together and spend their leisure together. They slip off to the Maryland race tracks, vacation beside the Pacific at La Jolla, Calif., and soak up the sun at Key Biscayne, Fla. — always together. The 76-year-old Edgar has survived the years belter than the younger 70-year-old Clyde. We have learned thai Tolson has suffered a series of minor strokes and has received delicate aorlal surgery. We nol only had access lo Ihe medical evidence but, in FBI fashion, we interviewed Tolson's friends, neighbors and associates. Neighbors told how his brisk step has now slowed to a painful shuffle us he gamely climbs into his car to go to work every day. Associates said his steel- trap mind now sometimes seems vague, and he h a s occasional speech lapses. At times, his voice becomes no more than a tremulous We also kept Hoover and Tolson under surveillance, FBI style, once while they lunched together at the Mayflower Hotel's Rib Room: The contrast between the two old friends was sad. The older Hoover was still ruddy and erect. But Tolson showed his failing health. His skin was fleshy and sallow. One arm and one leg seemed affected by his illnesses. When Tolson reached the mandatory retirement age of 70 last May, Hoover performed some bureaucratic sleight of hand to keep his friend by his side A presidential waiver to stay on Ihe job, s uch as Hoover has received, was out of Ihe question. This would have required Tolson to take a vigorous physical examination to make sure age hadn't sapped his vilalily. He never could have passed. So Hoover, wilh the concurrence of Attorney General John Mitchell, simply allowed Tolson to '"retire," then to return as a "reemployable annuiant." This is a technical term used to describe a retired specialist whose services are so urgently needed thai he is brought back lo complete a vital mission. As a "reemployable an- nuiant," Tolson is technically retired and, therefore, needn't submit to a physical. He draws his government pension, and the FBI pays him an additional amount to make up the difference between.his pension and full FBI salary. From FBI agents, both active and retired, we found thai Hoover is slill Widely revered. Bui Ihe enfeeblement of Tolson has caused a morale problem inside the FBI. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago JANUARY 11, 1946 Labor and management had joined to provide a system of training for apprentices in Alton trades, paced by the local unit of Carpenters and joiners Of America. Most trainees would be from the ex- servicemen of World War II age bracket; the program would not provide a general system of employment and training for all; unions would accept a stated percentage in a particular trade, and management would hire a stated number. Wood River high school board of education had appointed a St. Louis architect to draw plans for instruction of a war memorial field house and field, and industrial arts classrooms. Also —f needed was the larger facilities to cope wilh the state's order that each .student would receive 200 minutes of physical education per week. The new field house gymnasium would seat more than '1,200 persons. The school expected to clear ils $28,00!) indebtedness by Ihe beginning of the next school year thus could anticipate taking on another indebtedness. A citizens committee urged that the money accumulated through voluntary contributions to operate and maintain an aerial ladder for the fire department be used to purchase a new pumper, which was badly needed by the city since purchase of the equipment had been delayed because of war restrictions, subsequently boosting the price $4,500. Lawrence Crawford of Kane was listed as dead, after having been reported missing in a bombing of his ship on Mar. 1, 1!M2. After serving five years as vice president of the East End Association, "Pat" Muguire was finally induced into becoming president of the organization. A Medora family learned that then 1 son, John Walter Robinson, Jr., was declared killed in the sinking of a ship on which he served off the coast of Java in 1942. 50 years ago JANUARY 11, 1921 Senator Knox, chairman of the Congressional committee on arrangements for the presidential inauguration, said there was a possibility a request by President-elect Harding for the simplest possible ceremony might have to be referred to both houses. He was doubtful the committee would wanl to assume responsibility for such a sharp change from the conventional. Meanwhile, a House committee was seeking views of both state and navy department officials regarding world disarmament. An offer to provide the city with a second new fire pumper with capacity 20 per cent larger than the one just purchased at an attractive price within the administration's power to pay djsclosed at the city council finance committee's meeting. Mayor Sauvage, indicated he would seek to have the purchase made before his term expired. Possibility was seen that the new pumper would so increase effectiveness of the fire department that one house could be eliminated. Henry H. Unterbrink announced he had decided against seeking election as mayor at the urging of his family and business associations. His decision left the way open for Charles Huskinson to enter the field. The two had not wanted to oppose each other. A. W. Sherwood was being spoken of as another prospective entry. Payments on special improvement bonds installments reached record proportions, said City Comptroller A. F. Cousley, as he issued a special call for premature retirement of $60,000 In ttie securities. Granted permission by the Illinois Public Utilities Commission for increased rates at East Alton and Wood River, the Madsion County Power & Light Co. asked further permission to issue |27,000 in first mortgage bonds, $38,000 in bonds secured by notes, and $32,000 in preferred stock.
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