The Baytown Sun from Baytown, Texas on March 17, 1966 · Page 4
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The Baytown Sun from Baytown, Texas · Page 4

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Thursday, March 17, 1966
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Thursday, March 17, 1966 Editorials And Features Inflexibility Is Big Danger In Red China The Red Chinese leadership, old now and inflexibly set in its ways, makes noises like a revolutionary force but has become a reactionary one. It has happened before in this century. In the Soviet Union. Stalin, once he took charge, became a reactionary, murderous force, as his successors admitted later. The Russian people may have improved a bit economically under him but freedom became a joke and terror a way of life. Because he remained inflexible in his hostility and ambitions, the Western world had its containment policy which held him tight. Sen. Stuart Symington, D-Me., figures the average age of the present Chinese leaders is 68. Together in the 1920s and 1930s they dreamed of their revolution and takeover and made both a reality in 1949. They made a true revolution in their homeland and for millions of their poor and hungry countrymen it was probably good. But, like Stalin, they gradually became a menace to the world, and certainly to all of Asia. It is possible their successors, like Stalin's, may be more reasonable and modern and that the whole world then can enter a more peaceful era. But it is hard to see any such change, so long as the present leadership survives, despite any hopes of American Chinese scholars or the Johnson administration. And outside its borders this leadership has been inept. In its zeal to spread communism outside China it has made one mess after another. It can't even get along with other Communist states, much less Western ones. It split with the Soviet Union, split Fulton Lewis Speaks — Republican Favored In with and antagonized Fidel Castro's Cuba. In recent years Indonesia looked lost to communism under President Su- karno. But last fall when the Indonesian Reds tried revolt, the army crushed them and, reportedly, slaughtered thousands. Now the army has stripped Sukarno of much of his power. The recent overthrow of Ghana's Kwame Nkrumah was considered here a reverse for Red China. The Communist-backed war in Viet Nam resulted in a massive American military buildup in Southeast Asia. Still thinking of a Communist takeover of the world, the Communist ideal of 30 or 40 years ago, Red Chinese leadership through its defense minister, Marshal Lin, last September talked of strangling the world's advanced countries from bases in undeveloped countries. Last week two American Chinese scholars urged, before the Senate's Foreign Relations Committee, that while the United States should continue to "contain" China to prevent aggression, it should begin to try for fritndly relations with it. And Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey, over the past weekend, indicated what may be a new Johnson administration policy toward Red China. While China must be contained, he said, "we must take every opportunity to show our friendship for the Chinese people" who should not be isolated from the "family of mankind." The Red Chinese leaders gave a quick and predictable reaction, predictable because they never seem capable of anything but the same old frozen reaction, by calling Humphrey's remarks "a kiss of Judas" that must disgust the Chinese People." Governor Alabama By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON 7 — Alabama voters are expected to elect their first Republican governor since Reconstruction — Rep. Jame D. Martin of Gadsden. News reports thus far have centered on Mrs. George Wallace and Arty. Gen. Richmond who is challenging the Wallace forces for control of the Democratic Party. They have obscured the fact that the Republicans are now favored to capture the governorship and a sizeable number of seats in the State Legislature. As s political novice, in 1962, Jim Martin stunned the experts by polling 49 per cent of the vote against veteran Sen. Lister Hill (D.-AIa.). Two years later Martin and four other Alabama Republicans were swept into Congress. For the past two years, as Democrats have engaged in savage intra-party battling. GOP leaders have worked toward the 1956 elections. Full-time paid xvorkers have crisscrossed the state, creating a grass roots organization that is unrivaled anywhere in Dixie. Martin goes into the gubernatorial campaign amply financed, with a vibrant party behind him. He is well known throughout the state and is certain to benefit from Democratic bloodletting. If the Democrats nominate Mrs. Wallace, a large percentage of the state's Negro vote could go to Martin, an outspoken conservative. If Flowers or some other moderate is the Democratic nominee, Martin's vote will be swelled by thousands of conservative Democrats. In recent weeks, three members of the State Legislature have renounced their party and announced for re-elction as Republicans. Other Democrats are expected to follow their lead. But Alabama is not the only Southern state in which the GOP is expected to score major gains this fall. In Georgia, Republican Rep. Howard (Bo) Calloway is an unannounced candidate for the governorship. A graduate of West Point, an articulate, attractive conservative. Calloway is afforded at least an even chance to become Georgia's first Republican governor in history. As in Alabama, the Democrats are badly split and demoralized. W i n t h r o p Rockefeller has launched his second campaign for the governorship of Arkansas. The millionaire brother of New York governor Neison Rockefeller received 40 per cent of the vote in 1964 as a Republican. He is expected to improve on that performance as dissatisfaction with incumbent Gov. Orval Faubus grows among conservative Democrats. Faubus, who had posed as a conservative, state rights Democrat in previous campaigns, is now an unabashed supporter of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society and the War on Poverty. South Carolina Republicans have mounted a major offensive against the state Democratic Party and have in the past fortnight won to their side four influential Democratic stat e legislators. One of the defectors. State Sen. Marshail Parker, will be the P^epublican nominee for the U.S. Senate seat now occupied by Democrat Donald Rus- seli. Daily Crossword Puzzle -KING FEATURE- ACROSS 1. Traffic sign 5. Biblical verb 9. Pebble 10. Preserved 12. Fedora 13. Magna 14. Time designation. 15-Teut. nightmare demon 17. Child 18. Line of action 21. Acquire incisors 22. Spigots 26. Girl's name 27. Place for campaign buttons 28. Goddess of volcanoes 2S. Wages 30. City in New York 32. Hawaiian, food 35. Dock 36. Cry of distress 38. Pedal arch 40. Miscellany •41. Of a. mem branc 42. Calm 44. Rigid hair 45. Bridge loss DOWN 1. Panicky flight 2. He fled Sodom. 3. Ahead 4. Pronoun 5. Sunk fences 6. A wing 7. Classify 8. All: Latin 9. Shinto temple 11. "In the fire' item 13. Indian, originally of Canada 15. Heterogeneous 16. Pang 19. Stagger 20. More stagnant 21. Pat 23. Armadillo 2*. Individual 25. Cunning 27. Louise, for one 29. Small cut 31. La Tosca, for one 32. Abyss 33. Dollar bills 34. Wight or Man Letters To The Editor Editor, The Sun Dear Sir: Through the media of your columns I would like to express my appreciation to you and the to the success of the Lee College bond issue election. It was the combination of varied efforts pushing toward a common goal that brought victory in this progressive move for our community college. Yours Truly, Jim Harrop Chairman, Citizens For Lee College y«trrdaj's Answer 37. Route 39- Gambling die 40. Entire 42. Close to 43. Behold 12. 14- 2.1 32 41 2. 2> IS 44 54 IS •50 ' 5~TT 0 2V 4-S IT- 4* 40 24 3-n Mr. Fred Hartman The Baytown Sun Baytown, Texas Dear Mr .Hartman: The Baytown Chapter of the Texas Society of Professional Engineers deeply appreciates the fine spirit of cooperation of The Baytown Sun in helping publicize the recent National Engineers Week. The observance was most successful. The enthusiasm of the entire Sun staff is to be highly commended. Certainly, we owe special thanks to Preston Pendergrass for his most conscientious ar.d diligent attention. The special supplement printed on Feb. 20, was excellent, and the advertisements, arranged by John Wadley, were outstanding. Copies of the supplement have been mailed to our state and national offices of the society ,as well as to our out-of-town chapter members who live in several other states of the nation, and in France, Greece and South America. Please express our appreciation to each of your staff for its significant contribution to the success of Engineers Week. Sincerely yours, James A. Pridmore President", Baytown Chapter of TSPE 'No-Fair Planes Needed By HENRY McUEMORE I was polled by postal card recently on the subject of airline advertising. The card listed most of the known airlines of the world and I was asked to check the one whose advertising I considered the most effective in getting people to use its planes. Flattered no end by my selection and possible chance to cause a bit of an uproar on Madison Avenue, I thumbed through scores of magazines and newspapers, studying airline ads as I thumbed. One airline stresses its food. It intimates that the chef is the most important member of the crew. Frankly, this sales pitch has little appeal to me. Not that I don't like to eat well at 40.000 feet as well as the next fellow, but I like to think that the iron- jawed, blue - eyed captain is the most skilled and vital person aboard. In rough weather, I prefer a firmer hand on the wheel than I do on the crepes suzette skillet. Another airline stresses friendliness. It makes it quite clear that while you may not have another friend in the world, you are among people who adore you, who are willing to lend you money, have you out to their houses for dinner, and send you calves' foot jelly when you are sick. Another airline plays up the fact that none of its planes looks alike, each being a distinctive color or colors. What appears to be hundreds of people are always standing on the wings of the planes of this airline in ads. I don't know whether this walking about on the wings hurts the planes, but certainly it doesn't help them. As for planes of various bright hues, what is the benefit? Once inside a plane, passenger? trust they won't get a look at the outside of the plane until it lands. Still another airline makes much of the way you enter into a strange land the moment you pass through its doors. This can be confusing. A man should have half an hour at least to adjust to kimonos, saris, curry, and a double feature in a language he doesn't understand. Actually, none of the airline advertising suits me. I wish one of them would advertise — and mean it — that there were no possible way for its airplanes to fall. If this were true, I would provide sandwiches, bring along a friend in case the crew was unfriendly, and care not a hoot for comfort, which all the airlines brag about. I'd sit in a seat, or provide my own straight- backed chair or camp stool. The airline with foolproof planes wouldn't have to make 50 kinds of special rates, separate tourist from first - class, or have pretty stewardesses. "Guaranteed safe" would be enough. Passengers would swarm aboard, content to huddle on the floor, as happy as birds. Bible Verse PURE RELIGION and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. James 1:27 Never Sure Til flie Body Comes Up Washington Merry-Go-Round — Red China's Isolation Is Opposed By Experts By DREW PEARSON WASHINGTON — A parade of distinguished scholars and professors has been testifying before the House and Senate Foreign Relations committees during the past two months which would make Sens. Joe McCarthy of Wisconsin, Styles Bridges of New Hampshire and Pat McCarran of Nevada turn over in their graves. The experts have been telling Sen. William Fulfaright, D-Ark., Rep. Clement Zablocki, D-Wls., and other solons that there is nothing traitorous about having contacts with Red China, but on the contrary it's a mistake to isolate China. They would resume diplomatic relations and admit China to the United Nations. For saying almost exactly the same thing at the end of World War n. Gen. George Marshall, wartime Chief of Staff and one of the wisest military statesmen this country has known since Grant and Lee, was called a traitor by Sens. McCarthy and William Jenner of Indiana; Secretary of State Dean Acheson was also called pro-Communist, and the top Chinese experts of the State Department were read out of the foreign service. The latter were not brought back for advice until last month when O. Edmund Clubb, formerly Chief of Chinese Affairs, testified before Rep. Zablocki's Foreign Relations sub-committee. Leafing through my back files §>un Fred Hartman ............................ Editor and Publisher James H. Hale ................................ Genera! Manager Preston Per.dergrass .......................... Managing Editor Beulah Mae Jackson ................ Assistant To The Publisher Bill Hartman ........................ Assistant To The Publisher Ann B. Pritchett ................................ Office Manager ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT John Wadley .......................................... Manager Paul Putjnan ................................... Retail Manager Corrie Laughlin .............................. National Manager Entered as second class matter at the Baytown, Texas, 1 1521 Post Office under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Published afternoons. Monday through Friday, and Sundays by The Baytown Sun. Inc.. at 1301 Memorial Drive in Baytown. Texas. P. O. Box 303. Baytown 77521 Subscription Rates By Carrier $1.60 Month, $19.20 per Tear Mail rates on request Represented Nationally By Texas Newspaper Representatives. Inc. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Th« Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for rer>wbi!cat!on of any ne-s»» dispatches credited 10 it or not otherwise credited In tllis P«p«r and local news of spontaneous oriplr. published her-in. RJenU of republiciUon of •.11 other natter herein are also reserved. and columns I noted the reason why we have become so isolated from China that some generals propose dropping the bomb now. It's the story of how a small group of Chinese politicians and influence peddlers called the China Lobby succeeded in completely changing American policy in the Far East. BEFORE THAT period, the United States had been the traditional friend of China. Thousands of its students were educated here. American universities and missionaries educated others in China. In international conferences, we championed China against the British, French and Japanese. Suddenly the American diplomats who advocated patience with the new Chinese revolution, who cautioned that Chinese Communism would shift back to called traitors. Despite their advice, we adopted the doctrine of hate, isolation, suspicion. Here is part of the significant story as noted briefly in my columns of the past: May n, 1950 — China Lobby made the senate so preoccupied with State Department's Chinese advisers that it's overlooking the importance of French Ir.do- China and the spread of communism there. March 27, 1951 — China Lobby poured money into New Hampshire Republican primary to back Wesley Powell, assistant to Sen. Styles Bridges, and defeat Sen. Charles Tobey. Bridges was the chief backstage Senate operator for the "China Lobby. May 4. 1951 — Bill Bullitt. ex- Ambassador to Russia and spearhead of the China Lobby, flies to China on mysterious personal mission. JUNE, 9, 1S51 — China Lobby has become the most sacrosanct and powerful in Washington, sacrosanct because so many Senators receive contributions from it; powerful because it has Chiang Kai - shok's brother - in law. Dr. H. H. Kung. behind it. Kung has retained Louis Johnson, former Defense Secretary and chief money - raiser for Truman, as his attorney. Lobby has never been investigated. " That's why there was such a long pause when Sen. Wayne Morse, R-Ore., asked Dean Acheson about it and why Sen. Brien McMahon emitted a surprised whistle and why Chairman Richard Russell called time for Acheson to answer. June IS, 1951 — Heart of China Lobby is the Bank of China, masterminded by H. H. Kung, one of the wealthiest in the world living in Riverdale, N.Y. He left China after 1944 gold scandal which ousted him from the cabinet and from governorship of the Central Bank for leak about the increase in gold prices, a leak which made millions for speculators close to the Chiang government. June 23. 1951 — If senate ever carries out its threat to probe the China Lobby, it will unearth the attempt to organize the Chinatowns of 45 American cities with a view to putting U.S. in full-scale war with China. Sept. 14, 1951 — Sens. McMahon and Morse resolution to investigate China Lobby has gathered dust for two months. Sept. 15, 1951 — Scrutiny of China Lobby shows that money American taxpayers voted to help Chiang Kai-shek was siphoned into pockets of Chinese grafters and American middlemen suspiciously close to certain Senators. This is why McMahon-Morse resolution to probe the China Lobby has been stalled. Oct. 6, 1951 — Men behind China Lobby make money on U.S. commodity market and use money to smear Gen. Marshall and Secretary of State Acheson. June 22, 1952 — Cnina Lobby credited with preparing some of Joe McCarthy's speeches. April 25, 1953 — Leo Casey, doing public relations work for the Bank of China in the 1950 California race for the Senate, states that he accompanied Joe Kung, nephew of Chiang Kai- shek, to Los Angeles, and in the lobby of th e Ambassador hotel saw Kung give a large roll of cash to Richard Nixon. Reasons Interest Goes Up BABSON PARK, Mass. — Everybody knows that bankers de^'in money. The price they get for their money is called interest. When demand for money is high and its availability is low. interest rates go up. As money gets scarcer, bankers offer higher and higher rates to attract more money which they, in turn, can loan to borrowers. What is news now is that money has been getting scarcer and scarcer and its cost to both banks and their borrowers has been soaring. The demand for money and its ever-mounting scarcity are now on a collision course. The last time our country felt a crisis in money it was the direct result of the great depression of the 1930's. Then, fear- stricken people rushed to the banks to convert their deposits into hard cash. The panic of liquidity followed. Banks closed in droves and the President of the U.S. had to close all banks in the nation for a few days . . . to restore sanity. Today's lack of money i s quite different from that of the ear- lv 1930's. The U.S. economy has been stimulated and nurtured by massive increases in the monev supply, administered by government plan and by generous outpourings by the Federal Reserve and by the whole banking system. The developing money crisis now •= the result not of depression, but of too much prosperity. The collision between zooming demand and skimpier supplies of money is more like what happened way back in 1907. Then, too, things were booming. But the boom got out of hand and the "rich man's" collapse and panic followed. DEMAND DEPOSITS, the kind that back up our checking accounts, have not grown rapidly enough in recent years to provide bankers with funds sufficient to meet the insatiable loan requirements. So the managers of our lending institutions, together with the agreement of the money managers of the country, raised repeatedly the rate of interest paid on savings deposits and on certificates of deposit. Some of the biggest banks even sold notes to the public ... so great xvas the scramble. As borrowing needs rose and rose, so did the interest rate which bankers were willing to pay to attract funds. Recent figures show that our biggest banks have been paying as much as five and one-eighth per cent to get time deposits. But they have been charging, on av- eruge, only around 5.30 per cent for their loans. This would indicate that the country's institutions will have to charge even higher rates for loans ... or suffer a damaging squeeze on profit margins. Already, it is notable that prices of bond stocks have failed to keep up with the advance in the Dow Industrials during the past IS months. . _ .. _ BUSINESS AND speculative needs of the borrowing public have been so great in recent months that our banks have been unable to add to their holdings of tax - exempt, U.S. government, or best - quality corporate bonds. Indeed, bankers have had to sell such bonds in order to make more loans. At the same time, the investing public has all but forgotten about buyine bonds ... so absorbed have they become in speculating in common stocks. The net result has been that bonds have been neglected. Their prices have fallen and their yields have scaled historic heights. Know Your Bridge By B. JAY BECKER TODAY'S GRAB BAG THE ANSWER, QUICK) 1. What is the theme of the novel. "The Cruise of the Ca- chelot?" 2. The inhabitants of what state "have to be shewn?" 3. What famous poet wrote poems to a louse and a mouse ? 4. What is a stirrup-cup? 5. What baseball c!ub led the American League in 3937? IT HAPPENED TODAY On this day in 1940, a ring of professional killers known as "Murder, Inc." was uncovered in Brooklyn, N. Y. IT'S BEEN SAID The world is <i comedy to those who think; n tragedy to those u-ho feel. — Walpolc. WATCH YOUR LANGUAGE SAGACITY — (se-GAS-e-ti) — noun; acuteness of mental discernment and soundness of judgment. BORN TODAY ] St. Patrick, the apostle of Ire- j land, is said to have been born | in 372 in any number of places, j His original Celtic name was ' Succat. Patricius being his Latin name. At the age of approximately 16 he was seized by pirates, carried to Ireland, and sold as a j slave to the j Antrim chief, Mi'.chu. After six years he escaped and, probably after a second captivity, went to he became a monk. He was ordained a. bishop at 45, and at 60 went to Ireland as a missionary. After 20 years in missionary work he fixed his see at Armagh in 454. According to legend, St. Patrick freed Ireland from snakes France. By RUTH RAMSEY Central Press Writer and taught the doctrine of the Trinity using the shamrock. Reportedly he founded more than 300 churches, baptized some 12.000 persons—including King Laoghaire — consecrated 450 bishops and ordained vast numbers of priests, monks and nuns. He died at Saul in 463 and is buried, in all likelihood, at Armagh. Others born this day arc dramatist Paul Green, actress Mercedes McCambridge, singer Nat "King" Cole, golfs Bobby Jones and football's Sammy Baugh. YOUR FUTURE Check all tendencies toward extravagance. Today's child will be happy-go-lucky. HOW'D YOU MAKi OUTt 1. Whaling. 2. Missouri. 3. Robert Burns. 4. A parting cup of liquor. 5. The New York Yankees. West dealer. | Both sides vulnerable.- NORTH 4 A K10 5 *9 4KQ7 4, A J 10 6 2 WEST EAST 4 Q4 4982 VAK1072 *J843 • A 10 4 +3 4.K95 4.QS743 SOUTH 4 J763 VQ65 • J98652 •" The bidding: West North East South 1 NT Dble Pass 2 + Pass 3 4 Pass 4 4 Pass 5 • Opening lead—ace of diamonds. This hand occurred in a team match. At both tables, aggressive bidding paid off when South went forward towards game even though his only high cards consisted of two jacks and a queen. At the first table, West, on lead against five diamonds, chose the ace of diamonds as his opening shot. Had he led the king of hearts originally, as most players would, South would have made eleven tricks quite easily by the simple process of ruffing 1 a heart in dummy. But when West led the ace and another diamond, the chance for a heart ruff disappeared and South had to look elsewhere for his eleventh trick. Upon winning the diamond in dummy, he cashed the ace of clubs, discarding a heart, ar.d ruffed a club. He then played a diamond to the king and ruffed another club. West dropping- the king. South then led a spade to the ace and played the jack of clubs. East followed low, putting declarer to a guess, but South guessed correctly when he discarded a heart on the club. As a result, he lost only a diamond and a heart, and made five diamonds. Ai the second table, the bidding started the same way, but, over three diamonds. South bid three spades instead of four diamonds. North raised to four spades and this became the contract. West led the king of heartr,. as almost anyone would, and South had no trouble making the contract. Peculiarly enough, at this table also, the lead of the ace and another diamond would have worked best, and, in fact, would have defeated the contract. A case can be made to show that the ace of diamonds is a highly feasible lead because North-South, are likely to have nine diamonds on the bidding, but this contention is much easier to prove after you look at all four hands. (© 1966, King Features Syndicate, Inc.>

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