Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on February 20, 1941 · Page 45
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 45

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Thursday, February 20, 1941
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IQEN1X GROWS 1940 -O $780,373.23 W Today 22 Pages 112 N. CENTRAL AVE. . TELEPHONE 3-1111 Thursday Morning, February 20, 1941 INVADE GREECE Senators Back Aid To Britain ^ *. i Cold Wave Captures North, Blasts South (By Associated Tress) M IDWINTER cold besieged the North yesterday and pushed on toward the South. A huge mass of Arctic air, accompanied by subzero temperatures at many points, stretched from Western Canada to iir.-i-. ... . k of consequence in Singapore Ready To Meet Foes Forecasters predicted Ihr frigid > Across the border. Devils Lake jlront_-«-ould move south and past. N. D.. recorded 30 helow and Heavy snow began falling in Northern and Central Arkansas at noon. Chill rains and snow were forerast for all the southeastern states except Florida together with siib- freezing conditions in the [Recess Is Taken, Body Runs Out Of Speakers f ' ASfflNGTON. Feb. 19— (AP)—Throe southern j northern reaches of nixie and I «««, V> 9 r> lr p H 1hr loacp- '«•<>**»• weather as far south | senators b a c K e a inc jeabej as lhc full coast lend 1)31 today, and one OI| strong winds buffeted New Eng• them. Bailey, Democr at,jland although thermometers there I ^Iir ™iin= a«ertert that the' rcmained at normal winter levels. Fresh snow descended on Kansas I (forth Carolina, asserted that tne ]Buffa]o N y> ^ rakpd by a gnd Wesjern Nebraska and more Tjltmost help should be given to, blow of more than 40 miles perl was in sight. I tnclsnd«ven if the ultimate result'hour. New York City expected an i Alaska, meanwhile, enjoyed a r*,, ; overnight low of about 35 above, j balmy spell. Nome, for instance. .* i, in*, thk intervention Thc stln & ln S S P P " ° f the Yukon'had a reading of 31 above and "I am hoping this imenemion hovcrpd ovpr mosj . o{ westernleven Barrow's high was eight de, naynotTnean \yar, nerom a .un- Canada. The lowest reading wasigrres on the comfortable side of I; jenly hushed and solemn senate. ! 49 bplmv al Prin „ AIhert Sask . : thn 7Pro mark I'"But if it does, I nm ready for it. ;___ _______^___; ^__ Bemidji. Minn.. 27 below. Watertown. S. D., reported minus 22; and Decorah, la., minus 17. Wisconsin's range included Milwaukee's seven below and Eau Claire's 20 below. Chicago, ' festooned with icicles, saw the .mercury column shrink to five helow at X a. m. and heard that no relief was expected for at least two days. i'iAsia Air Power Is Dominated Britain By Nazis Bomb British Tan J Unit Fascists Routed By Ethiopians R OME, Feb. 19—(AP)— Formidable masses of British tanks and armored cars—poised as though for a | o t . r-p Libya-arYbeing'assaulted'by'Ger- ^^135516 1 IfOOpS final thrust into West. ern man dive-bombers, official Italian reports said tonight. Italians see in the report of the new concentration an indication that the British intend to sweep on into Tripolitania from Cir- enaica, the eastern part of Libya, Where Gen. Sir Archibald P. Wa- /-»TTvTr- A DnTJTT 1 TToK 10 >»nere v.en. air Arcmoaio r. wa- | QINGAPORE, Feb. 19— i velrs Imperi al Army of the Nile I ij (AP)—British, AllS-jhas established itself. itralian, Malayan and Indian! Only the besieged Italian garri- i •*«•»•" » •> f jcnn nf f^iaraniin an nacic trt\\rn regiments stood in strength in Malaya tonight, manning the mighty bastion of Singapore to more mee t any spread of the war in the Pacific, and by bringing in heavy reinforcements of warplanes the i> Great Britain is standing vir- btially alone against n combination lint forces whose one purpose is I revolution, he said. And if flBn'tain falls, he sd^ed. America, !•'*« lone republic in a totalitarian | wld," will be in peril. Plea Made For Action "Are .we capable," he asked, ipactas his words to give, them onphasis, "of sitting here as a [ ~ ' "of! Strike Threat Made In Big Steel Plant (By Associated Tress) A THREAT of a strike in a defense plant, employing 14,000 men was voiced yesterday by Philip Murray, Congress of Industrial Orfie custodians of the security of! ganizations president, a short lime after William S. Knudsen had that country—are we capable of;told n house committee that labor difficulties had not seriouslv ham- toing here with money and guns . —__ _ pered the defense program". I find .planes and ships, saying we l!«ill build up our defenses at home &it we will bide our time; we will fBke the chance of being the vic- |;tas of a totalitarian triumph in |ifhich the world will be divided three nations not one of Wch has ever cared for the hts of men?" >The day was devoted 1o speeches raMe to the bill. Senators Hill, locrat, Alabama, and Connally. Democrat, Texas, urged its passage. ;fte tatter calling on America to hce its foreign problems as "B- oited people." Rum Out Of Speakers Late in the afternoon, the sen- ite ran out of speakers who were prepared to go ahead with their iddresses and Senator Barkley of Kentucky, majority leader, proposed that the senate proceed to on Amendments offered Murray, who also is chairman of the Steel Workers Organizing Committee, notified defense authorities in Washington that unless they were "prepared to see" that the Bethlehem Steel Company "discontinues its unlawful and discriminatory" practices, the company's Lackawanna, N. Y., plant would be closed. Hillnian Hears Complaint Murray protested to Sidney Hillman, associate director of the Office of Production Management, that the company had "locked out" j300 employees He said he understood the company had employed deputy sheriffs, private police and a "large number of professional strike breakers." In Buffalo. N. Y., a national labor board official declared the steel WASHINGTON. Feb. 19—< API —;committee had filed charges against A plan to develop naval outposts] Bethlehem in connection with the House Votes Unanimously For Guam Plan Quick Action T; On Request Of Navy Heads British appeared also to have seized the balance of air power in Southeastern Asia. The irrepressible Australians, who arrived yesterday in singing thousands after a 3,000-mile trip under convoy, took up their stations along with fellow imperial troops at every vital position in Malaya and the already mobilized civil defense units—including the Chinese—prepared to do their part. Trained Shock Troops | Maj. Gen. Gordon Bennett, thejfrontier. j Australian commander, who; j brought a wholly-equipped force (dependent upon Malaya only for son of Giarabub, an oasis town 100 miles inland from the sea, is holding out in Cirenaica. The Italians report the British forces about the oasis outnumber the defending garrison by 10 to one, with constant increases. The Nazi bombing of the mechanized masses was reported to have had "excellent results" and other German bombers were said to have swept over a British base on the North African shorn (identified in Berlin as Bengasi), nttackinc ships in the harbor and the harbor works themselves. Giarabuh. the beleaguered oasis, is only 30 miles from the Egyptian Sell Drive Toward Addis Ababa C AIRO, Feb. 19—(UP)— Ethiopian tribesmen led by British officers have driven to within 150 miles of Addis Ababa, capturing En- jabara, south of Lake Tana, and routing 9,000 Italians including crack Blackshirt units known, as "Mussolini's pride," military dispatches said tonight. In their greatest victory since the Ethiopian uprising under Haile Selassie's red-green-gold banner, Go- jjam warriors were reported barely 50 miles from the big Italian base of Debra Marcos which is the gateway to Addis Ababa from the hat hs were tnedsck HUVI. «»l CU11U4U111CII1.3 UAJ.C1 tU 1'J ^* f l nlL IV vn-.*.v*,- .-—•-— , | i»trl.i lltTl IITJI1 HI V-U1I lhc foreign relations committee. I at Guam and Samoa won speedy; alleged "lockout." apponents of the bill objected thatiand unanimous house approval to- ftereSad not been sufficient time!day after the navy's high rom- or consideration, and the senate'mand recommended strongly that men recessed until tomorrow. jany protest by .Japan against thr , On behalf of the administration i Guam project be "totally rtisrc- jeadeiship. Senator Byrnes. Demo-! garded". trat, South Carolina, had proposed i In sharp contrast to the furor * substitute lor one of the com-i created at two past, sessions when aitteeamendments which he con-;the house rejected requests for tended clarified the language with- harbor development funds for «lt changing the intent Guam, there was not a word of Befers To Destroyer* protest when the item went amendment : Wiring appropriations or con- ; °P me " 1 . on ta authorizations before 1he'g° es to T lhe senat ?: , could send war goods! Japanese Denounc «I Knudsen, director of the production office, made his assertion concerning labor troubles while, testifying before the house judiciary committee in Washington. During the same appearance he expressed the view that the. four-week-old strike at the Allis-Chalmers plant in Milwaukee would be settled tomorrow. Conferences in Milwaukee •ought no signs of an agreement, "The'measure now i however. Company officials and representative? of the ClO-United Auto Workers continued discussions abroad applied to equipment now on land and nartfcularh- to Unusual criticism of the Japan- se as individuals developed on the rip'stroveWto house floor during the relatively -.-Bri¥in:-Byrnes'^Xt»ute:brief debate. While *•?•««««»« JBfo it specific that no such limi-lFaddis, Democrat, f enns >^f nl ^: TOM was imposed and he argued:was urging a strong United State.-, ^l such was the original intent; policy toward Japan Represenlla- « the committee amendment, live Gore, Democrat, Tennessee, «™or Vandenberg, Republican, arose and interrupted: which have been going on almost continuously since the strike began. A truce was worked out in Washington Saturday but company and union have interpreted it differently. Other J-abor Disputes These other labor disputes were reported in other cities yesterday: Connally, in speaking ling his respects to these scrubby. — said "the democracies]contemptible, squint-eyed sons °i;,£' Ml hang together or thev the rising sun." .. |L" the International Han-ester Com- they the rising *""•" ,„„;,,.,,:.._ t h e ! panv7 About 6000 employed there. In approving the legislation, me i ,,-.•. -. - r -.'.. ,,,o<.'cave its first formal sane- Miami, Fla.—< ".. ' :.=.=-_ of tnp At .,i Wpsndence was signed. ,,, lt: lluw „„,„.,.. ' Ouuyes Denounced destroyers. The bill included r »f the rest, he denounced authorization for expenditure of "-*- ^d mischev?o U Js" 1h a ej050.000 for Development of itedly made by the op- navy's _sha_reof_ the outposts. would dictator. Need Of Bases Stressed - — ^.-raiaeni a dictator. Representative Maas, R«. ». he said was it. a "war can, Minnesota, senior minontj M«assertions of that nature!member of the naval committee, *ttacks "upon the sincerity told the house in response to ques- «jPresident and upon his oftltions that "forever more, so long *d intention to keep Amcri-!as the United States is a nation, 'ofWar." we will have •"•«« in 1hpse 1S " [ prefaced his speech with ivould be tabulated in Washigton March 28. At issue is the question whether the workers !should receive two-week vacations I with pay. o troops, and added: "Your war is our war. Should any enemy come this way, Australia will be there!" Sir Shenton Thomas, governor of the Straits Settlements, said the Australians were here for defense and not attack, and their arrival "need not cause anxiety in any of our neighbors." "But," he went on, "if attacked we shall fight." Tokyo Sees Crisis In Tokyo, Japanese observers charged that Britain is trying to create a crisis in the Far East: in Shanghai a Japanese army spokesman described the Australians' arrival at Singapore as "a belligerent action" intended to put pressure on Thailand (Siam), "which is co-operating with Japan in bringing a new order into the Far East." Saigon, Indo-China, received unconfirmed reports that two flotillas of the Japanese navy were in the Gulf of Siam—one off the mouth of the Menan river leading to Bangkok, Thailand: the other on the eastern side of the gulf near Rejection Of Japan Peace Action Is Decided After ^alks With U. S. north. Capture Reported LONDON, Feb. If^fUP)—Brit- ain, after consultation with the United States, will reject a Japanese peace proposal which has been received from Tokyo, it was understood tonight. The contents of the Japanese note already have been made known to the United States, it was understood, and Viscount Halifax, British ambassador in Washington, will confer with the department of state before this . . the Thailand-Indo-China border.;country's reply is sent to Tokyo. --""-" nl.T aJJTT^V.Il Wll.,1 o! the foreign situa- saw it—the axis ready ^against^ Gibraltar, Suez *"" "" axis we bases in these islands." In the deal with Britain, the United States was promised 99- year leases on the sites. As debate on the bill opened, Vinson, Democrat, Nazi Raiders Bomb London LONDON. Feb. 20—(Thursday)— (AP)—German raiders, attacking Farther to the south lies Singapore itself—the largest British naval base in the Pacific. Destroyers at Bangkok Bangkok reported that four Japanese destroyers were or had been there; at least three Japanese cruisers are known to have been in Indo-China waters in recent days. The Tokyo newspaper Asahi asserted that British action in laying mine fields in the area of Singapore and American steps to strengthen naval stations at Guam and Samoa "show that, instead of trying to prevent war in the Pacific, the United States and Britain are actually adding fuel to the crisis." In Saigon, a Japanese military official said, "We are not informed that the Australians have arrived in Singapore." Despite this avowed ignorance, however, there was noticeable concern in Saigon. Japanese naval, military and civilian officials dashed about upon hurried errands and consultations. Japanese sailors were sticking close to their posts not wandering about as they had been. Let Your Budget Solve Your Money Worries . -— r, Suez Chairman Vinson, Democrat, sinj , Iy in thc face of heavy anti- ire. The axis nations, Georgia, of the naval committee, j a j rcr aft fire and rough snowy state is nresented to the house letters from; .._ ,j ron ned scores of incen- i^-X'TCueved that "the state is :*SSj™g: man is nothing" while ifivw B ? tain historically and to- IJ-^JWStfways stood for the rights e British lion, he said, an ally nnd at bay." faced the United Slates. " it could sit hack and course, or it. could pass Y I; I aircraft fire ana rougi presented to tne nouse jencis irom; wpatheri Cropped scores of incen- Frank Knox, secretary of war, ana djarv h om b s on one London district Adm. Harold R. Stark, chief; of. last - nigh t and scattered high ex- naval operations, calling speciiic-| p ] os - vps on anot her. ally for approval of thc 54,(uu,uw shops and houses were damaged item for Guam to make the haroor and some persons were injured, but safe for patrol planes and surlace| 1hc rjres were extinguished quickly, vessels and to provide hombprooi B , ore n p _ m., the "raiders passed" vessels and to provide . shelters for some of the naval personnel and the island's vital com- Packed Found —, -..., Feh. 19—(AP) warning to children to in picking up stray •™j"* in the streets was is' Mark Taylor, police chief. "S authorities investigated •ances surrounding the dis- l«5US! a r>cnci1 ' packpd Pencil was found by a man .•™ne was not disclosed, and [Wn to police. ' , C !J ic>£ Taylor said ' r xploded and maimed a JS? 1 f P u P a here last Oc- --__ ...... jir;in,ii ivunu rteh- y had ho ? J1 "P lanted " Germany Loses 3,101 Planes LONDON, Feb. 19—(J>"S>— The German air force has lost 3,101 planes and more than 7 000 aviators since the raids against England began. It was authoritatively stated todaj. Of the 7,000 in personnel, fewer than 1,000 German airmen are in interment camps in dicating the Nazis have only one chance in seven of surviv- inc if shot down, it was said. This figure excludes an unknown number brought down by naval ships and merchantmen off the coasts. British losses in and around Britain were 851 planes. A total of 42" pilots were, saved, •ccordinc *° tne »pokcsm»n. Anthony Eden, foreign wc- retary, now is studying the Japanese communication, signed by Yosuke Matsuoka, foreign minister, and is outlining a general statement of the British attitude towards .la- pan's suggestion that the whole world situation is capable of mediation and that London and Washington, therefore, should cease their military preparations in the Far East. R. A. Butler, parliamentary undersecretary for foreign affairs, revealed in the house of commons this evening that the government is • studying the message from Matsuoka, couched in courteous terms and following the lines of a statement by Koh Ishii, Japanese spokesman, in Tokyo Tuesday that Japan stands for peace and is prepared to mediate anywhere in the world in an effort to restore normal conditions. Informants said that the promptness with which Berlin yesterday rejected a proposal identical to that received by the British from the Japanese foreign minister was regarded here as an indication that Germany had been informed In advance of Tokyo's offer. Matsuoka. informants understood, questioned the need for British and American military preparations -in the Far East and to this Eden will reply that all the British preparations are "purely defensive." Today's war communique of the British Middle-East command announced the capture of Enjabara "with many prisoners" and gave full credit to the Ethiopian "patriots" determined to wipe out Benito Mussolini's 1936 conquest of their country and restore the bearded Selassie in Addis Ababa as "the King of Kings." The communique said the Italians abandoned their post at Piccplo Abbai. just south of Lake Tana and the source of the Blue Nile, after losing the caravan junction of Danghela. which is 40 miles .north of Enjabara. The 9,000 Italians routed from Danghela, Piccolo Abbai and Enjabara were reported falling back to Addis Ababa by way of Debra Marcos, capital of Gojjam province. It is connected with Addis Ababa by » good motor road and from the Italian • base another highway • runs northeast into Eritrea where British Empire forces ' are laying siege to the railroad town of Keren, just northwest of the Eritrean capital of Asmara. To the south, Britain's South African land and air forces were driving deeper into Ethiopia east of Lake Rudolf in the Mega region. A communique issued at. Nairobi, Kenya, reported heavy and widespread Royal Air Force aerial attacks on Italian forces steadily retreating before .the British blows in both Italian Somaliland and Southern Ethiopia. Jan Yindrich, United Press correspondent on the Ethiopian battlefront, reported Gojjam Ethiopian tribesmen were pursuing the 9,000 Italian troops deeper into inner Ethiopia, mercilessly attacking them with rifle and machine-gun fire from hills, rocks and trees commanding mountain gorges. Little Hope Of Escape "It was indicated here that the Italians had little hope of escape as an organized body and that their defeat meant the loss by Italy of a big section of West-Central Ethiopia," Yindrich reported in a dispatch from Khartoum, the headquarters of Haile Selassie. A British-Sudanese force was pushing toward the important town of Gondar, 25 miles north of Lake Tana and 90 miles from Gallabat on the Sudan border. No mention was made in today's communique of the situation in North Africa. A Royal Air Force communique however, reported German planes had again attacked the captured Italian base of Bengasi Monday and yesterday but that Australian fighter planes had beaten off the attack, shooting down two enemy planes and damaging several others so badly they probably were unable to reach the!-- base. One British bomber was lost. Before 11 p. m.. the "raiders passed' signal sounded. Antiaircraft guns on the southeast coast were in action against, a long procession of raiders. Heavy explosions were heard inland from the channel shore. Snow flurries and humpy weather didn't stop the attackers. ' Finally, night fighters went up- to engage "the r' anes crossing the channel. . One coastal town received a shower of incendiaries and high explosive bombs. ]n sporadic daylight, raids, the Germans bomV>ed northern and eastern areas, causing a few cas-i ualtics and some damage. o Cardinal To Rest | BERLIN, Feb. 19^(INS>—The' archbishop of Munich, Cardinal Faulhaber. will leave Germany within a few days to accept the Pope's invitation to recuperate from his seven-month illness at the i summer residence Castel lolfO. - ^_vnu. Bomber Strikes Tower, Two Die EL PASO, Tex., Feb. 19—(AP) A bombing plane, en route from Burbank, Calif., for delivery to the British air force, struck a radio tower and crashed shortly after TV/TAKE a practical budget. *• consistent with your income' and your expenditures, and abide by it. Do this and you will find relief from your financial problems. THE HOUSEHOLD BUDGET BOOKLET, 1941, will tell you how your income should be apportioned as to rent, food, clothing, recreation, savings—there are model budgets for every income group. Simple, helpful facts that anyone can understand. A ruled njfots^ accounting page for every j The accident occurred during a • month; printed on special'paper .--•,,.. to preserve either ink or pencil records. Keeping a budget is a right idea. Order your copy of this excellent booklet today. Use This Coupon Arizona Republic . Information Bureau Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. I enclose herewith 10 CENTS in coin (carefully wrapped in paper) for a copy of the HOUSEHOLD BUDGET BOOKLET, 1941. Name Solons Approve New Scout Cars WASHINGTON, Feb. 19—(AP)— Two members of congress participated in a demonstration today of the maneuverability of the army's new midget scout cars by riding up the steps to the house wing of the capitol in one of the tiny machines. Italians Fire On Own Men A THENS, Feb. 19—(AP) A Greek government spokesman asserted tonight that members of an Italian Street or Rural Route City ......................... State ........................ (Mail to Washington, D- C.» 3:30 p. m. here today, killing both| Senator Mead, Democrat, New York, and Representative Thomas, Republican, New Jersey, made the breathtaking trip, accompanied by three sergeants from a District of Columbia National Guard unit now in federal service. 'Those machines could climb a greased pole," gulped Thomas after the demonstration. "My heart was in my mouth." Roosevelt Signs Debt Limit Bill WASHINGTON, Feb. 19— AP)—Legislation raising thc- federal debt limit to $65,000,000,000 and making future government securities fully taxable became law today with President Roosevelt's signature. It is effective March 1. The former debt limit was $45,000,000,000, plus a £1,000.000,000 authority for defense borrowing. whipping across Municipal Airport. The pilots, employes of the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, were thrown clear of the ship, ! which was destroyed by fire. i Bodies of the pilots were re- imoved to a mortuary. j The ship was described as a | Hudson bomber. It was one of 10 'which cleared through El Paso to- iday en route east for delivery to identified as the British. The pilots were Michael Guglielmetti and Robert McKee, both of Burbank Wage Hike Granted SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 19— (AP)—A wage increase of five cents per hour for straight time 'and 10 cents for overtime was granted Pacific coast longshoremen today by the Waterfront Emplqv- ers Association, effective at midnight tomorrow. >• Albanian front were fired on by their own comrades and forced to return to their line. This claim was made without amplification, along xvith a statement that during the day's fighting Greek troops ousted the Fascists from two fortified villages and took 300 prisoners, including a lieutenant-colonel and six subalterns, along with important quantities of materials. (These reported successes apparently do not materially change the long-static battle line, 'iow ever.) Through yesterday and today, the spokesman added, the Italians loosed three counterattacks after lono; artillery preparation, all "easily repulsed by our men, who inflicted heavy losses on the "enemy." Intense bombing activity by- Greek aircraft also was reported. In that connection impressive evidence _ of Britain's air aid to Greece has been seen over Athens in the past few days in the appearance of fighter planes. France Seen Ready To Wage War OirBritain Nation May Yielc To Strong Nazi Pressure PARIS. Feb. 12—(Delayed, via Berlin)—(UP)—A prominent for mer official of the French government asserted today that France "is at the point of fighting against Great Britain," probably in the Mediterranean, as the result o strong German demands. (The "former official" appar- ed to be Pierre Laval, who is known to favor France's reentry into the war on Germany's side and whose ouster as French vice-premier on December 14 precipitated a serious crisis in French-German relations which remains unsolved.) • Name Withheld The French informant would not permit use of his name but it can be'stated that he is a reliably informed individual who formerly held an important position in the Vichy government. Jacques Doriot, Paris editor and staunch supporter of Pierre Laval, meanwhile called for a close entente between France and Spain because "the presence of Britain at Gibraltar is a threat against both French and Spanish freedom in the Mediterranean." The French navy finds itself by force of circumstances at the point of fighting against Britain," said Doriot in almost the same words as the former . French official. The prediction that France may take up arms again, this time against her former ally, followed an assertion yesterday by Pierre Laval thet "things are progressing toward an ultimate solution of France's problem." Stalemate Stressed Laval sjJoke of the impending solution of the French-German stalemate in connection with Marshal Henri Philippe Petain's action in naming Adm. Jean Francois Darlan as his "political heir," the position Laval once held, and as vice-premier, foreign minister and minister of interior. (Darlan was in Paris Wednesday (February 19) seeking a solution to the French-German situation and, according to unconfirmed reports in Vichy may offer Laval the post of interior minister if the latter will return to the Vichy government.) Arizona Gets Showers, Hail (By Associated Press) Scattered sections of Arizona received rains yesterday, while a heavy hailstorm brought, stones the size of small marbles west of Casa Grande. The hail remained on the ground like snow for several hours four miles west of Casa Grande, while the town itself received rain. The storm damaged some trees. A severe thunderstorm brought .74 of an inch of precipitation at Kingman. At. Ash Fork .32 of an inch of.rain fell up to yesterday morning and showers during the day boosted the reading .02 of an inch. Two inches of show fell at McNary. An overnight storm in the Salt River valley sent the moisture reading to .14 of an inch and light showers fell in Phoenix during the day. The U. S. weather bureau pre- Greek Aid Planned By Britain Germans Draft New Yugoslav Treaty (Additional War Stories, Page S) ISTANBUL, Feb. 20 — 1 (Thursday)—(UP)—Netfr tral diplomats said early today they were convinced that Greece, under German pressure, was on the verge of submitting to peace with Italy. Therr was nothing to indicate, however, that negotiations had begun on armistice terms or that formal German demands had yet been served on the Athens government. Any British aid rushed to Greece from North Africa, these diplomats said, probably will be too late to bolster the Greeks enough to permit them to refuse the German pressure. The German army, it was . said, may overrun all of Greece except Crete and the other British-held islands. .In this manner, it was speculated, Adolf Hitler would seek t» deliver a coup de grace to Britain in the Balkans. Turkish authoritative quarters last night denied that any Turkish troops had been withdrawn from the Bulgarian frontier, despite the new Turkish-Bulgarian accord of nonaggression. These quarters recalled that it has been repeatedly pointed out that the Turkish military concentrations along the frontier have been directed agaiast a German menace rather than against Bulgaria. Thev also described as "ridiculous" all reports tha' the accord with Bulgaria serves to nullify Turkey's mutual aid pact with Britain. NEW PACT PLANNED SOFIA, Feb. 20— (Thursday}— (UP)—A joint declaration 'of non- aggression by Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, instigated by Adolf Hitler, is expected to be announced within a few days and make more acute the position of Greece and her British ally, authoritative sources said last night. The declaration, it was said, wilt be almost identical to the Bulgarian-Turkish statement of ' Monday which served to "neutralize" Turkey and open the way for m German push across Bulgaria to drive the British from their Balkan foothold in Greece. The linking of Yugoslavia to the Turkish-Bulgarian accord of friendship and nonaggression would encircle Greece with a network of Nazi influence and enable Hitler to enforce his reported demands that Greece submit to a "quick peace" with Italy under threat of a Nazi invasion. BRITAIN PLANS ACTION . LONDON. Feb. 20—(Thursday)— (UP)—Britain may seek to transfer formidable land and air forces into Greece before Adolf Hitler can consolidate his Balkan diplomacy and move to force the Greeks into a dictated peace %yith Italy, it was intimated in British quarters last night. Determined to keep their foothold n the Balkans, the British were reported in informed British quarters- to he preparing to fight It out against the Germans on Greek territory, if necessary. A canvass of Balkan envoys revealed growing belief that it may je a month or six weeks before jermany's Balkan army occupies Bulgaria and moves against Greece. In the meantime, it was suggested. Hitler's army and air forces now established in Rumania may be used as a club for political pressure against Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey, seeking further concessions tw the axis. If this pause occurs. It was pointed out ; Britain will he abl« to transfer from the African front substantial forces of troops and planes to Greece, as well as supplies and equipment. Balkan diplomats in London said they believed Hitler's next move would be to increase and speed up German aid to Italy in the form of more German planes, troops, staff officers and technicians and elaborate German co-operation in "reorganizing" the Italian armed forces. Belief appeared to be growing in Condon that Greece and Britain vere preparing to turn the Greek leninsula into a battleground if -Htler attempts to occupy the coun- ry and drive the British off the European continent. PACT EFFECT MINIMIZED ISTANBUL. Turkey, Feb. 13— AP)—The Turkish press insisted onight that the Turkish-Bulgarian nonaggression agreement in no way affected Turkey's relations with '"reece and Britain, and that Bui- dieted cloudiness with occasional „ „,„„ „,„_ showers in Arizona for today and garia would atUunpt to prevent any tomorrow,^ ," I German marchjiowards Greecfc

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