Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on May 13, 1897 · Page 8
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 8

Sterling, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, May 13, 1897
Page 8
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Arbitirattoii It is ft tr«ll kncrwn that the Arbitration treaty was def e»ted|by a very small margin. The principle of arbitration is a'good one to go by, but in this case the foreignness so prominent in this treaty, waai the objectionable feature. While oar people believe that the most of the misunderstandings between nations can be settled by a board of arbitration, yet we must acknowledge the present treaty contained several objectionable clauses*, Of our Senators, Mr. Cullom voted for the treaty and Mr. Mason voted against it. Senator Mason gives his reasons for voting against it, as follows: ' I believe in arbitration and I • am opposed to war, but I could not vote for the treaty as it was finally presented lor my vote. I may be wrong In the legal construction I give to the treaty. '• < Article 6 provides for the arbitration of territorial questions, and, in my opinion, we wOuid be bound to submit •questions, under that treaty, which involve the well-settled principles of the Monroe doctrine. • I would not, as an American citizen, arbitrate that question before any •court a majority of which is composed of those who are opposed to republics and inJavor of monarchies. No ench •court could be found which would not decide that England could buy Mexico, South America, or any of the islands of the sea if she had the price and was willing to pay. The Monroe doctrine, to which we ciing as our rock of safety, is in direct opposition to the common iaw right to purchase. . I know that the friends of the treaty claim that the Monroe doctrine would not be arbitrated under the treaty. All I ask any fair-minded man to do ie to - ositton^IlZ-_L_I_I 'l^r _1_^_1_ " -' An amendment was offered twenty minutes before the roll call which fieemedto cure that mistake. Under the ancient and unfair rules of ihe Sanate one objection stopped theamend- ment, although every friend of the .treaty was willing it should be made, and the chairman of the committee having the treaty in charge consented to the amendment.' We were compelled to vote on the resolution as it was. ftlore "Fusion" Tickets. "Oov. Tanner has signed the bill to prevent .the placing tho name of any - candidate for" office upon the official - fcaiiot under more than one party appelr - -Ifttlpn, and hereaf for it will be impossible for the Democrats and Populists tte resort to "fusion" schemes which - they practiced generally last year, at least BO for aa Illinois is concerned. -Hereafter it.wiUl)e.necesBaryjror_can-_ -didates to sail under their proper colora «nd»the official ballot will notbe encumbered, as it was last November, with a lull list of electors and other — , . «t Rnd with the same Il8t*of names on , a Bryan and Watson ticket. Consequently, the breed of Popocrats promises to become extinct. • vlf a candidate is neither a Republican nor a Prohibitionist, he must go before the voters either as a Democrat or as a Populist, but not as a combination of both. Democrats can no longer pose as Populists nor Populists as Democrats, nor both as Popocrats. They must decide which party they really belong to, if they can, and then stick to it and take their chances, but they cannot procure votes under false pretenses by placing their names on the ballot under two or more separate party appellations. The justice of this new act cannot be questioned, and it will ceaulf in greatly aimplifying the work of marking the official ballot at future elections,— Illinois State Journal. Prince and Old Soldiers. Congressman Prince was present at the Soldiers' Encampment at Galesburg last week and there were very few minutes of his stay there that he could call hia own. He has been very successful Jn lookjng after the claims of the old soldiers of his. district and daring the Encampment there were hundrad of the old boys to see him in regard to their pensions. Some pensions had been cut down, some discontinued and other old .soldiers wanted pensions. Mr. Prince listeped care- tally and made notes of all important points la each case; all this entailed great deal of time and labor. While Mr. Pripce is not an old soldier ae taken a great interest in the Wftlfare of all old soldiers and he has ''- worked ,eome .pension bills, through \ that tiave befeflrfaanglng for some time \By the timiotaeampojent was over he •was completely'-tired out He returned to Washington on Sunday,' i Abie Journal. The American, a national Journal weekly IB, Philadelphia ia g, the ablest fra* stive* ftdvoo* published. The Editor, Wharton r, is a very oagaWe man. Ilia • a vary sxfceanive know ss ia geasruj and his 46 tot tywti ^o ^paeto nmt n them as 4o f ri «~f tin* \ or i with w<* hop* with prosit The }a#t issue of th<j Atnerifan contain*, be^ld* 1 ? three shd s h»!f p»R*«» of 8&^ri comments on economic sab- j6ct», tbrw Jong editorials 63 follows: "'threatened Usurpation of Coisgtsss- lonal Authority," nearly two pages In Isoghth, "The Tariff of Selfishness arid Sectionalism," and "Tariff Stumbling Blocks," $b.ont nine pages of extracts of letters recently received in praise of the work Mr. Barker is doing, The most of these commendations are from free silver and Democratic sources, bat not all of them. The STANAKD has quoted The American on more than one occasion and a.ltho' it does not believe that the editor i3 correct in his diagnosis of the economic and political situation, it gives him credit for writ- ng the only silver editorials that we lave seen that are not so much twaddle. We consider the American the most comprehensive journal of ita kind published. DUN'S weekly review of business eays that the actual sales in April by eading houses in each line of business n the principal cities. east of of the Llocky Mountains average only about 10 per cent less than in April, 1892, the rear of the largest business hitherto, and were 0.1 per cent more than in the same month last year. Yet this is the ummary of 357 reports, each covering actual sales of 4eading merchants in a ine of business in . one of fourteen cities, which are given by cities and jy different branches of trade in .his issue. They are especially encouraging in view of the great 'all of prices within the five years, and he exceptional floods and other re- arding influences this year. ARE the promoters of the Humphry ding" bribery"to their induce- lnta~tblgeF votes for the ^passage of hese bills? is a question that the Leg- elature should settle and do it quickly. Iteport is. that Mr. Garrard, Secretary of the Board of Agriculture, called a man out of the House, supposing him ,o be a legislator, and offered him two ihousand dollars if he would vote for .he Humphry bills. The man approached was not a "statesman" but a clerk, and the latter gave the matter away. If all this Is true it should have the sun- ight of publicity shed upon it. GREECE can now realize the fact rhat it is best not to start a fight if you have to depend on carrying., it on successfully on problematical contingencies. The contingencies in this case were the probable uprising of the Balcan States and the dssire of Russia to iavB-^an_opportnnity_^to—gobble—up ionstantinople. The contingencies did not pan out. They seldom do as per theoretical program. ' SnEHitAN celebrated his seventy-fourth birthday on Monday. President McKlnley and the , other members of the Cabinet paid their respects to the Secretary of State. Mr. Sherman is a well-preserved man. His mind is clear and he bids' fair to do jood work for the next ten years. He oolongs to a neryy family. SENATOR ALLISON thinks Congress will pass the -new_tariff- by July firat. He says it will add $40,000,000 to our revenues the first year and more each year thereaf terr: : ~~ ~~ • FINANCIAL reports'say that the London money centers have abundance of money. ^ Dentil of S. 8. Patteraoui Samuel S. Patterson, son of Hon. J, M. Patterson, general agent of the Keystone Implement Co., at Kansas City, Mo., died at his father's home April 30, 1897,from consumption. Samuel wa,s well known here, being born in this city and having lived here until the family moved to Kansas City. He was thirty years old and had just returned from Oklahoma, where he and bis mother had been for the benefit of Samuel's', health. Rev. Drf. Jenkins conducted, the funeral exercises Sun* day afternoon et 2 o'clock, Daughters, i Mrs, Mary Goodwin, State Secretary of the King's Daughters, will address the King's Daughters of the county Thursday, May 80, in the Trinity Evangelical church in Sterling at 2:30 o'clock p. m. Not only are all the members of the various circles invited to ty prea ent but everybody else. —Aaron Heckman, of Jordan, began work this morning on the stone work of the new Congregational church, i Suavely began to canvass this morning among the farmers east of town for corn in aid of the starving natives 0? India,aud FredfShuler is ex peeled to do the same among the farm- era north of the city, However, farm ers who are willing to give, need pot wait to be called UJJGO, but may take their earn at once to the ^warehouse of Moses Dillon. It is hoped; by the end of the month, our towitship will have a ear load at oora ,l$r our Hindoo brtit sasafh to save 400 people from for moclhs. Whl-h C»r»l«f« "The following in the ATOeriesn Bee Jonr&al may b» of Interest to some ef otrr readers, Query. — When a colony swarms, •which orders the • "walk-our'-Hhe queea or the workers? — Florida. The workers.— -J. H, Larrabee. The workers, no doubt,— R. L. Taylor, Both. They work in unison,— P. H. Elwood. I don't know. Tb.e workers, I think. ,-— J. A. Greea. In prime swarms, the workers. — Eugene Secor. , Both, in harmony with Nature's laws.— G. M, Doollttle. ' Workers are "boas," and control the queen.-"-Mrs, L. Harrison. The queen— for want of room Co deposit her eggs. — E. France. I 'doubt If there Is any, ordering about It. No order is needed.' The queen Is late in going.— A. J. Cook. The workers, many of them, will be in the air before the* queen makes her appearance. — S. I. Freeborn. It must be the queen that leads— not orders — for the simple fact that if she leads back, they go.— -Jae. A. .Stone. ' ; Nature; but it seems there is occasionally internal dissensions, as the queen falla to go.— J. M. Hambaugh. It would seem— tho workers. But no doubt the "walk out" la ordered by "Nature's first law."— J. P. H. Brown. I suppose a little like it was in the late great railroad strike. The chief boss (queen) sort of "requests" the swarm to march forth.— C. H..Dibbern. We think they OTQ unanimous on that point. The queen is.angry. because young queens are reared, and the bees are uncomfortablo.for want of room.— Dadant & Son. Neither of them. Each one has a mind to work the best she knows how, d^'hen^er-tlnie-comes T f or /doing a thing, they all do it without any order-^ Infr~:The~'w6fkefr generally " go' out first, however. — merson T. Abbott. ^ 'Does any one know? I don't;: and I dott't see how one can ascertain; As a guess, I will say, there is probably a community of interest that governs tho. matter.— J. E, Pond. .'.'"'"; •'.! The 'workers. I have repeatedly seen them persecuting the queen and driving her out. When a queen cannot fly, the bees will endeavor to prevent her return to itne hive. — M. Mahin. "'.'.I v don't know; but I think- there 'la usQally an understanding between 'bees and queen. Possibly the bees create the emergency, and the queen gives tho "signal."— -W. M. Barnum. ' With a normal first swarm the 'queen Is among the last to leaye theUiive; while with • after-swarms ); with jVirgln ijueens, the qu«en is about the first one to leave the hive.— Mrs. J. N. Heater. ; rTsupppee'bcjth must~\jfprk rfogeTfieF to get things in shape for swarming. 1 suspect. the immediate instigators are the workers, as I have_kDp'wn a swarm to issue with no queen in .the hive, ^--^ fore.— C.C. M»ler. V . I never have -yet been fortunate enough to hear the orders given,' but I have often seen bees mak,e a rush, and I believe Nature has taught, the -whole business— queen and workers— to -move out when jie proper time cornea. I do not think there are any orders at all, but the bees sometimes seem about half way mad at their queen at swarming- tlme.— Mrs. Jennie Atchley. The worker-bees control the.' whole proceeding, 'This very season. I waa watching for the queen at tho entrance of a ihive where the bees were in the act of swarming, and the queen did not make her appearance until. three-quarters of the swanq .was in the ajr, and when she did appear, she was being hustled out by force of arms. 'I dis- tinctiy saw ^an ireful worker bite her as she sullenly • Vyacatied/V, I once: had a : swarm to issue while I had. tb,e, hive open, and saTy the internal iexcltepnent, and I saw the queen make repeated at-» tacks on a sealed queen-cell, 'but, the guards stood firmly, and even .used force to drive. ber away. The old Idea that the queen "leads out the swarm," looks romantic, and. all that, hut it is not according to solid facte. — G; W, Demaree. ."••.•'••'•' • • '.'• ' . Driving Draft Horses.—The strength of the draught horse. enables him to make good time for a short sprint, despite the excess of weight-be' carries. But unless on soft dirt roads Is/si driving of draught horaea should not be atteiopted, becauae the excess of ;w*Jght nvikes the pounding of, the horse's f««t on the har'd surface all the more severe. It is well known that heavy horeea are quite apt to have defective feet. This we believe tq be the cause. Kept to their appropriate pace on the road and on tlie farm, draught horsw will live and do good servica year*/ after they are twanty years old, It l& nervous worry that shortens life, rather than hard, muscular toil, both in horses and in men,—Ex. • ' Porridge for Pigs.—Warm skim or new milk is the most perfect feed for pigs, and wlien this cannot be had, the nearer to It the food can be made the better the result. will be. made into a thin slop (steamed if convenient) and a little oil meal added, is probably the best substitute for milk. I,: promotes growth of bone and and does not make the young pig tod fat. Cora m«al porridge, witit a {rood propoj-Uoa of oil meal, i* a tioa, esesfpt 4&«-t twa com caa,/ Ss-j' <r;vni<)<Mttno*>t In th? mllrt c*w may wiolK th? howok^opfr ft tho farm, writer In "Smilhern States." From an iWdustrinl and! econotafc standpoint she Is the TnamifaetMrer of all forms of spare food products made upon the farm. For this reason her numbers and products speak more eloquently oftentimes, with, regard to farm a«d family thrift, than almost anything else the censn^ counts. Let m see, therefore, what her stAtietlcs teach us with.regard to the couth. In 1880 the census--'tells uk there were only 2,500,000 milch cows reported in the south; in 1890 this had increased to 2,800,000, and ttoe,reports of.,the department of agrdculture Indicate that the cows in the southern states now number about 8,000,000. This is not a great Incre&se, btst the butter production tells a more favorable story. The Southern States under consideration produced la 1880 only 90,000,000 pounds of butter, -which waa less than seven pounds per capita of the^entlre population, this .is only enough'to give each person a fair allowance of butter for each Sunday. In 1890 tho same states-produced 156,000,000 pounds, or over ten pounds per capita of the population. In other words, between 1880 and 1890 the output of butter from a slightly Increased number of cowa has been increased three-fourths. How shall we account for. this? Those who have made extensive observations in the south confirm us Sn the statement that while it had In the earlier years a great many cows, they <Were pOoriv cared for and, more spoorJy fed.,. The introduction of the so-called "n0-fetw:e" laws, -which requires that all stock shall be kept at home or fenced In, has, however, led to the elimination, of worthless cows &nd the better care/of those remaining. The production of cheese has doubled aVso, Tlhis Industry has recently been firmly established in the Souttr~Csrol i Grndutttlon of WeM llottles. Many of the Babcock bottles, thermometers and pipettes which are purchased from the dairy supply houses arc improperly graduated. The .following method for testing such bottles is simple, rapid and accurate enough for all practical purposes. Fill the bottle to the zero.-mirk '.of the' scale with water, removing,any drops that may adhere to the neck with a strip of blotting or filter' paper. Then add a two cubic centimeter pipette full of '*vater to the test bottle. - It the bottle la properly graduated the water added, will fill |t to,the ten- per cent mark. Jf the water comes two-tenths of a per cent or more above or below the ten per cent mark the bottle. should be 'destroyed. In' making this test always yead ""om the* lowest point of the curve formed -by-the-surface of-the-'WAtei- on^a-level with the eye. Pipette: for 'the; above purpose carj be ordered by residents of Pennsylvania through the .experiment' station at a" cost of 35 cents each in a'd- Jyance. : .- ;: Cgmmon.dairy....thermometers are liable to b^j several degrees in error; and should always be compared with a standard instrument before using. .Correct thermometers for this purpose; as well as standard milk and cream pipettes, test bottles, etc., can also be ordered through the station on the' terms named In Bulletin 33.—M. E. McDonnell, Pennsylvania Experiment Station. Straining Milk.—Straining should begin before -commencing to milky by brusliing off all'the dirt, IbJaSr, straw, etc., from the udder, teats and body of the.cow. Let it 1>e th» duty.of-Bome one person to go over all the - cowa with a. Boft brush, or a damp cloth before the cows are milked. An ordinary wire sieve strainer does very.well, but we add to this -by doubling cheese cloth or thin cotton so as to-have it four *hicknes?es. . Lay the cloth across the bottom of the strainer'and ' then fasten it on • by means of a tin ring which slips:over the cloth and bottom part,of the strainer. For quickness'.we use a strainer that a pail of milk^may be put into at once. This sete in, a wooden frame over the can, /Some uae a woolen cloth to strain,\vlt!u Cloth of: some kind is necessary to catch hairs and fine dirt, • This cloth must be kept clean. Scald it thoroughly, each time after using,—Ontario Experimental : Parm. ..-••''- :..•:,- - .' ;'.'. ••; •":•;'•: .' •, Number of Cows to Each Creamery. r-^Creameries are, of; no beueflt to a neighborhood linlees there are a sufficient number o£ cows to supply the milk necessary to run them economically and successfully. The best of our creamery men differ in regard to the number o? cows necessary to run one? and *x» definite number can be easily fixeu upon, for the reason that, some POT . will give more milk than others und aome farmers feed more generously than others. I would not advisa the cdnBtruoUc." of a creamery where ttotre are J*BS than 500 cows in the liar mediate vicinity. Before building a creamery, farmers should look tM0 matter fairly in the face, procure the cows, and learii how to manage them. Then they can e&fely go ahead.'—John L, Giubs, eX'Fresldent ,. Mlnpeaota Dairymen's Aasociatloa. "Dairy farms dO not run down. Do not expect the pasture to do all tlM» work. The cowa should have some additional feed. . to are farmers BO the paasaga of a law oS*<>mfergaria9 tQ ba sold oa Jniy.... Sept«... Uora. May ..i.. July.... . . . e U*tt. fliay .... July«... Sept,... Measprk May.... July.... May .... July.... Sept.... 8.60 8.0t - 4.00 4.10 8.C7 8.67 4. 4JO s 8.67' 8.67 - 3.fl7 4.05 I8a 8*88 8,65 92 18 O'OLOQK— CASH MARKET. -Wheat. '. .-"'' -. - ,. ' : .'•-, . No. 2 Bed, 90@92. " 8 " 80@87. " 2 Spring. 75. "8 " ?2@74, " 2 Hard W., 73@75. " 8 " " 70073. "1 Northern Spring, 78«^79. Corn, No. 2 White, " 2 " 2 Yellow, i «« 8—24. "8 Yellow, Oatfl. No.2 — 18. -« 2 White, «« 3 — i7 " 8 White, 19022. v Car lots today r— Wheat, 26; corn, 131; oate, 150. : Estimated car loads-^-wheat, 1; corn, 125; oats, 140; hogs, 80,000. . . : NORTHWESTRBN HBOEIFTB. Minneapolis Dulnth Chicago TnrlA» To-day ... 141 ,.;.' 120 Wftek 182 109 Last Yeftr — : 259 103 AMD OATTLK HKOBIPTB. May 12, '97. UNION STOCK TABPS— ilog« 31,000; , . ($fettle 13,000, :'.,-•'• Sheep 11,000. ^ ,: Hogs left over 2,000. •, ; ;• Kansas City hogs to-day, 10,000. Kansas City cattle to-day, 7,500. .Omaha hog* to-day, 5,500. Omaha cattletO'day, 2,700. > Hogs opened steady. , , \ Mixed, 3.7503.95;, good heavy, 3.75 3.02; rough, 8.5003.65; light, 3.75O 3.97;':•'•••"'•••'•' '( "''•-•:'. '••••••:,--"' -"•' • • -.'•-•• Cattle, steady. ,•. . . Sheep steady. -.'.'. -, : ; ,' . ; i-: ''.._ '•;; ',,;;' ; - OLO8IHB. ; \ '.' .'•' ;.. -. ',' Hoga closed weak. ' .Light, 83.75@3.95; mixed,3.7503.92; heavy, 83.76@83.90; rough, 3,45@3.65. Cattle steady. " .. , ,: Sheepsteady. ' , ". The Irl«Ii'Fe>iiBnt and HI* tlgi From the < putlook: .The rents' of these little farms were from two to six J23ach.'l.'cottager ^grffira. 'Jittlji. . field ol oats, another of potatoes, 'another of grass, and some raised patches of cabbages or turnips. These crops were grown mostly on the thin soiled, stony hillsides. If a man took a field in the meadow below, his neighbor* thought he. was , too well of, and accused him of an inclination to put on airs and ape the aristocracy. Besides all this, it added an extra pound to the rent. Most oi! the people kept two or three cows, several sheep,' and a few hens. in. some cases they owned a, pony or a goat or a flock of geese, There were also two half grown pigs that frequented the village lanes. They, were sharp nosed,' long legged creatures, nimble of foot, and apparently capable, in their wanderings, of picking up their own living. When at home they lived in their 'master's bouse. This.. house, had 'but '-a single room, and, the pig pen was in one pornerl Aside from the pigs, the family was composed of & man and wife and three or four' children. Thel* abode was wlndowleas, aad light came in only through the two doors and possible chinks in the walls. ; Mud and refuse was almost universal "about the doorways,' and a '-uMddeiji" (manure, heap) was always handy near the house front. A skeleton horse was feeding in a waste near the quarry; gome old jnen, , working days part/were sunning themselves on the rocks.; one or two old women were altting or leaning on the walls near their cabin doors, some in Idleness, some knitting. In the oat fields the men were reaping laboriously handful by handful with jthjeir shsklee, .and the ; barefoot •woijaen followed behind to . bind the ahftevea. The woaaen fleaood over the ground as they worked, and picked up every s^raw. ' .••- •' ..- 1 ^ .. • i , ._-. , . Unabla to obtalu a view of the stage by reason of tho Bi*e of the hats worn by tb^ woisk^n Bested in front of them, thftjaale portion of ^ft apdlesce -in the tli*f t«rs at Br«»t have now, by way of protwt, adopted the faahioa of taking custtions with theai to the tfeeater, .whlcb/-wh*a placed on toa seats, add a considerable uusa her of inches to their jstature and enable them to see over the hats in front ot them. Inasmuoh, however, as this in turn interfores -wiife the view o£ the people behind them, th^ theatrical p^rforcaauces at Brest of late have been characterized by eo' atuch disorder that the authorities nave be*a abked to interveae la bejielf of the ra, failiog iu wbioh the latter that tfeey -wi^l b* semj^iied to York , f »«. , f t<3,. ..,..- ..»..*,..- .Me7rt! Bun..... ....... f f «hlis1nnf—.—.- Dwstaf- To ftfly persoa interested L matters, or who love,* animate, w» will send free, upon application,a copy of the " ALLIANCE," the organ «f this Society. In addKlon to Its la* tensely Interesting reading) it contains a list of the valuable and unusual pre* mlums glvfcn by the paper. Addres* THE NATIONAL HUMANB ALLIANCE, 410-411 United Charities Building, Ntw Yoffe.' Books, pen n««W*ind • fiftiiT botrad, in difl««et I STERUBC STANDARD HftBilT OUR STOCK OF MilliDery Goods and *• Novelties ...And 13 BOUKD TO INTEREST YOU. It is complete ' in every detail, . with the latest styles.. _ of Hats and Trimmings. Give us a call and be convinced. MISS ALICE-^ , «. -^^.WILKIMSON, No. s East Third St., Sterling, Illinois. Great Special Sale Dress Goods. r p Never before in the history of the dry goods trade have we been able to offer su'ch remark* * -i . * "* able values in Summer Bry? Goods. The backward season has upset values, which we. not slow to take advantage of, '. 'i 0 ' H isji2= THURSDAY 2,000 yards handsome Printed Dimities, all of the new and pretty coloring! of the seta- son, never before leaathai lOc, In this Special Ma Sale ........ • 1,600 yards Colored DimitieB " in new and pretty designs, very dealrabla for either dreaeea or , Waists, never be' fore IMS th»n. 12^0, in this • Special May Sale ...... FOB i , 1,000 yards pretty Printed > Wash Gooda, new colorinRS and designs, always 50, in this Special May Sale. .Fpa •' "-f *'v \ '- There will be many tages in early selections, . 'i. • • ' with the advent of • weather, "desirable goods these prices cannot be had. Ogf $ai|t

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