The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas on July 14, 1923 · Page 20
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The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas · Page 20

Hutchinson, Kansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 14, 1923
Page 20
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"ill..1.1 fll .ll .1., PACT' FOUR. THE; HUTCHINSON KEWS. A tnong the Farmers, CHICKENS PAY WITH DAIRYING Furnish Outlet for Slum Milk Where Farmer Has Herd for Butter Fnt. The location of a ilatry muni lnrgo- ly determine tho manner In which thp . product. \H marketed. Naturally wo "expect (lulrlos* located rloae to townB ' Anil cirH-a to HUpply whole milk, while i farma located some distune© from . town find lit ailviHuuIo to product} cream for the nmmifucUtre of liutt;»r. Tho proUufcr of often looks upon tho milk producer as havlnfi "tho best end of the hnfllness. The soiling of whole milk when expressed ' in terms of qunrtH nnturnlly looks ,'VIMV litri*p and tt'inptlnpi hut there la n, his overhrad i mmei'teil with the. (linn Uniting of milk and the producer le apt. to overlook the vnluo of the fiklinmflic. When we take all of these m;itti'rfl into fnitsiderdtion there la reully very little difference In the proTit und the man who llvoa some miles from town, tuo far to supply milk, enn be content with tho knowledge ihut he' has just about as good a business In the production of croam. 30 Per Cent Cream. ' Most of the milk produced tn this country Koes Into the manufacture of butter and the cream producers make up the great majority of our ralry f nrmerH. The keeping of duiry cows la en- pecially profitable to a farmer "who lives some distance from town, and Jt is wise for him to produco a heavy cream testing 30 per cent or more for In this way ho van condense MB product to a small parcel that can he transported easily and cheaply. The ekimniilk 1H U valuable asset of the dairy and should he jsivon. due credit fur It;; worth in feeding. A gre«( many experiments hav* 1 been conducted to determine the value of idtimmilk for feeding pur- I poses for all kinds of stock, and all 1 'of these tests tend to show that nkim- jnilk on the farm Is worth from 30 cent« to $1.10 per hundred. In feeding c;tlves sklmmilk has the Rreatest v:dii", especially if the young stock he of Kund finality nuch as purohreds of high grudetf. Tliis i« trim because it Is the natural food of the calf, and the butlerfat which ha^ heen extracted enn In a Inr^e way be replaced by gral nand mill feeds which are high In fiit. In feeding young pigu expert- znentM have nhown that sklmmJlk 1M worth per hundred weight about aj much for feeding hogs ns corn is worth per bushel. Tins, of, course, la - figured mi ii ration comjtoscd of milk und pain. Milk for Chickens. farmnrH in 1922, according to reports to tho United 'otates Department of Agric.ultnro. More than 470,000 farm- era attended extension schools or short courses to learn new fanning methods "which the agricultural colleges ami experiment stations have found profitable. Tho total number of farmers attending extension meetiuga of all kinds during the year Is estimated to he over 14,000,000. CARE FOR STACKING AND SHOCKING WHEAT GETS TON OF PORK IN A HALF YEAR Record Production for a Half Year by Ohio Sow—Make* Corn Raising Pay. Th(> lack of enro usually glvfln wheal ufter harvest anil boforo It In marketed Is responsible for much damage to tho Rrttin and material Ions to tho farmer. More attention in shocklriR and tho stacking of the crop will prevent losses and Increase tho quality of the grain. Kxlra caro In sotting good BhockB In the field or goln^ over a field sot­ ting up bundles blown down will aid substantially In raising the grade of the wheat. Bundles blown down sprout quickly duo to tho moisture In tho soil and sprouted seeds lower the quality of the gruln at..threshing time. II is highly Important that wheat be stacked If possible. Wheat weathered in' the shock loses quality in texture and protein. As n result Ita price at the market Is lower. This Is a IOKH that can be remedied by stacking. The advantages of stacking are of such importance as to JUHtlfy that process by every farmer raising ft crop. Stacking assures a vastly Improved quality of grain. Wheat that has yone through tho "sweat" in the .stack Is of better color and quality than if It Is permitted to weather In the. field, permitting the early preparation of o Beodbed so essential to a profitable crop production. Especially is this truo if wheat is to follow In the fall. In addition, all volunteer wheat can be killed an dthe Sesslan fly <<i »i|.roll«tl; two alenionts of prltno Importance to a successful and profitable crop. Too much attention and caro cannot ho given to the advantages of stacking wheat. county farm agent, Mr. CHIklnson. He pronounced tho disease Hemorrhagic Soptctml'n, and It Is very ssrloua. He reported that there woro four cases of this in tho county at tho present time. Tho sick chickens woro removed from tho flock and measures tn refrain from further tosses of. the eblckons In Iheso flocks were taken. Mr. Hnxton Uvea two mlloa south of Sterling. ONE SURE MEANS OF PREVENTING FLY PEST Hcpln now to fight the Ifeaalnn fly and protect tho crop this fall and spring. Tho infestation will como from two Nources —tho stubble of the crop and volunteer wheat. Plow all Infested wheat stubble from five to pix- inches deep aa eoon aa the crop IH removed. A special effort should bo inado to thresh early, or stack Tn egg production many tests have wheat that Is Infested, so that the fc-hmvn Hkimniiik to he of high value, stubble may ho plowed very early. tim\ even on a basis of eggs at. 2D ! Since the adults^ usually begin to contH per divert, sklmmilk in worth f emerj fl.rtn per hiimlre<) wljeii fed to hiving fowl'-;'. For thr* grow in*; of your chicks it. is wuj'i ii • rven map'-, as t heir diet imi;;| i,"ci:s:-arily he made up of hia- X» vial which It; easy te di .ueht. Tip' '.Ti '.wn producer has tli" advan- ta^f of nbtjlniiw' this viiluaiile skim- inIlk wv.ttn and froth from the K ' J p- iir.i i or \ wii-e a u.iy wiiieh injures a nyr-t liiual :<• lei-ding that resultH In j prut'Jt. Tin- dairy bnsiin-ss i'it:-i Into thi jiiamigwni'nt of "iir farming anil Vel\»> iu many ways In make other defiar' iifnt s profitable. The cow a . ut ilize much fonvge which otherwise j uii;;ht he wasted. Straw \» turned in- t4, valuable manure. The fertiliser' eleni 'Tit 'm worth considerable and'the. dairy farm will invariably produce' larger irups and sell at a higher price. { T )K' delivery of tho cream amountfl •to litth' for by cn-upeniting with a few* jn:)t;hher .4 trips to town need only lie made at such mterwtla us nre re- Qtu'red for trading, Hy using cooling tanliu the creain t can be kept in a cool und tanttary jdaco and the very heat quality of croam can ho produced and delivered at the town even though It be [on mlloii or more away. Cream j .»roduction ha« many advantages oYoy *»eliii\g the milk in bulk, and on the average Mock farm It file In wonderfully well with tho bent and. most profitable farm management. Sweet Clover For Hay. "First year sweet clover makes practically as good hay nn alfalfa. It should not be mowed until rather late lo the hoaaon, however, or tho stand might I" 1 Injured. Secnid year sweet clover lb more rank in growth and makes «>araor hay but if cut at the proper 'time a very good ijuallty of hay can he obtained. It should he cut before It Blartn to bloom and preferably on a cloudy day or In the lata afternoon. Tfiis will allow the leaves) 10 draw much imiro moisture out of the stonis befom they wilt and they will not ahatter off nearly as badly us they will when cut during the hot part of the day. Demonstration Work Growa. Meeting* on farms where crops or live utock were brilng grown under the direction of tho agricultural extension agent to demonstrate approved method*, or other demonstrations in farm jiracLlccs given'by extension irtfeuU. were attended by over 88.&00 from the "flaxseed" hy the middle of August, the plowing should be finished not later tbftn that date. . If plowing cannot he done after harvest, disc the stubble. This conserves | the much needed moisture and makes jplov,hiir easier. About three to four ! weeUti after discing, the ground should j h<- plowed to a depth of at le;ist six inches to cover all stubble and volunteer wheat. Uy doing this practically, all the flies and infested volunteer wheut are thoroughly hurled. Immediately alter plowing, the ground should ho renewed and worked into a seed bed. U should also he kept met" low and free from weeds and volunteer wheat. REAPS PROFIT FROM USING STRAW ON LAND A winter fod ton of pork from one sow in six months, and another litter threatening to make a ton within n year la the unoqunled record-made by II. M. Uaunifrartlner of l'"airfleld county, Ohio. A litter of nlno Pigs farrowed August 17, 1SI22, was marketed February 7, 1S23, weighing 2,035 pounds, averaging 226 pounds. In addition to good care ami feeding the main factor whlph contributed to this accomplishment was the use of n "better sire" of which farm advisers and experiment stations talk so much. Me used a pure bred, registered- Poland China 'boar of npproved modern type—not extreme—weighing around 600 pounds. The boar is rugged but of easy feeding typo. Weaned In Ten Woeks. The dam v*»s a grade Duroc-Jersey sow, weighing 350 pounds. This was her first litter. During tho gestation period sho was fcxl a small amount of corn and tank- ago and had the run of a blue grass clover pasture. Sha was oontinued on ; pasture during the sucking period, and alter two weeks was allowed all the corn she would oat, with a Pound each of ,bran and mkldllugs and a Quarter of a pound or tankage dally. The pigs wero wenned at ten weeks, and for one month won* given all the skhn milk they would consume. Corn, tankage and a commercial mineral tulxturo thereafter made the ration until maturity. "1 found they would eat more corn by feeding both ear and sholled corn." says Mr. Haumgardner, "They would frequently squeal at the crib for corn, when the self feeder was full and vice veraa," he sai<l. Two Pounds a Day. An account of weight and feed was kept only during the paBt thirty days, but the figures for this period Indicate a good profit. On January 17. the litter weighed 1,497 pounds, and thirty days later when marketed 2,MG, making a gain for (ho period of 633 pounds. The gain per pig per day for the last month was two -pounds, and twenty- two Pounds per pig per month for the six months. During the last thirty days they consumed 10.6 bushels of shelled corn and 24.4 .bushels of ear corn ,and 28.5 pounds of tankage. Figuring the corn at 70 ceutB per bushel and the tankago at %\ per hundredweight, the cost for the 530 pounds of grain at the market price of fS.-!0, was ?25.39 and the prof- It -was $9.S0. $3.68 on Hundred. This Is a profit of ?3.GS per hundredweight or a total profit on the litter of $74.39, or 43 per cent on the cost of production. If Ihc cost of tankage for tho thirty days is deducted from tho receipts for the gain made it will bo seen that ?44.05 wero received for 34.(14 bushels of corn or $1.27 per .bushel. The. business man talks of "volume" "low cost' and "turnover." Tho farmer under Present conditions must do the same. Baumgardner gets volume when he can market two tons ot pork from one sow In u yea>- Ho has low cost 'when he can make a profit of 43 per cent on relatively high priced fe«d, and two pay checks Annually is some turnover for a farmer. NEED TO CONSERVE FUR BEARERS SEEN o/veyy{o Golden^ U. S. Agricultural Department Agent A<Ure{ie« Convention— Animal*-Are Valuable. Noah Cheatum, who la considered one of the large vhent raisers near Kingman, has seen tho results of putting the straw back on the land, this year. Mr. Cheatum bought a piece ot land a few years ago that was yielding four or fh'o bushels to the acre. Kvery year since bo has owned the land he hnB scattered the straw on the Innd after threshing his wheat and plowed it In when the ground was turnod again for another crop. This land Is yielding as 7iiueh as fifteen bushels of wheat to tho aero tills year. Hi! believes It Is duo to the straw being put back in the ground. Methods of conserving the country's fur-bearing animals~wora outlined before members of Iho fur trade by Frank 0. Ashbrook, ot the Biological Survey, United States Department ot Agriculture, at the first-international Fur Exposition and Convention hold at New York City recently. v He discussed tbe attitude "of that bureau toward the industry. Mr. Ashbrook stated that tho most Important problem of tho fur trade at present 1* the future fur supply, and that the Biological Survey Is Interested In conserving the Bource of tho-Taw product through protection of wild llfo and Is experimenting In raising fur bearers in captivity. The bureau has taken a leading part In molding public opinion on tho conservation of all kinds of wild life. The value of fur bearing animals to a State must be recognized, he said. There Is need for better legislation-in Qvery State to prevent the killing of young fur bearers and of fur animals during the breeding season. Uniform Jaws also are needed la regard to a shorter open season and tho licensing of trappers. Unprlmc pelts which are valueless to the fur trade should not be taken. If trappers were required to report their catch before their permits could be renewed, accurate records could be kept as to the number ot fur-bearing animals kllied nnnauUy. Depleted areas should bo closed for several yearn and restocked just as are streams, lakes, and game preserves. Tho niologlcal Survey consllders fur farming a commendable and hopeful adjunct to the fur industry. It aleo belloves that tho fur trade.could render a most valuable service to itself, to the public, and to wildlife conserva- I tlon If It would make itB rbcommenda- I Hons general rather than local In scope, an daid in disseminating Information on mottors that lead to legislation bearing on practical fur conservation. FARM BUREAU BUSY IN JUNE Betides Work of Crippen, Expert AccomplUhed Much Instructing Women. According to'roports for tho month of Juno In tho Farm Bureau wbrk, 543 jg|v c « very much higher returns," Is peoplo attended meetings or demon- the statement of-Dr.- G. F. Warren, of stratious hold In connection with tbe \ ' n <? New York College of Agriculture, T. rn>,~ ~—i. ... ~ „u.,v ,~i ,„ < in his treatise on farm management. Bureau. The work accomplished In-. , , . , T„ lions, one clvib picnic and twe, club • , 09 „ Btock from meetings Three twrty .,lx fc » wfiether ; t0 women attended 16 meetings on Jttdg-1 ,„ .. n .„ i-" f^if. v „,»i «w«, hr»»,i« .ml i 1 lrn tho <» lves into vgal or to save "Shall we raise\|t or send the calf to market?" Is tho question being argued out by the members of the hoys and girls' calf club with their fathers. "Purebred stock usually lng fruits, vegetables, breads and enkes for tho fair. "Much - Interest was shown," said Miss S. Schnoniayer, "In the canning and preserving of fruits. I believe •there will hn a lot leas spoiled canned fruits and meats next year In Ilono county." Hero Is what the Farm Bureau office did during tho month of June: Personal calla ... 160 Telephone calls 67 Personal letters 377 Bulletins 572 Labor placed 17 Demonstration meeting's 15 • Attendance 338 CInb-meetlngs '.. 4 Attendance 217 Miles travoled 1166 them tor the herd, Is the first consideration. E?ven In piirobreds, there are culU and they certainly should be Bent to the block. Of the remainder, some are Jmn good enough to bo savod.if thero IB plenty of cheap teed to fill thorn out, and every owner will have to decide for himself If tho--animal" Is apt to repay the labor, teed and shelter necoB- sary to bring It Into maturity. "A heifer from exceptionally fine stock Is usually worth tho trouble of raising," says Dennis A. Merrlman, ol tho American Steel »nd Wire company, "because aa so concisely slated by Professor 0. A. Plumb, of the Ohio Agriculture college, 'It there Is anything In the laws of breeding that has. been helpful In the past, It Is the knowledge that like produces like.' Class will toll.. 1 "The calf with soveral generations 1 of high-producing ancestors uu ......i sides of the pedigree Is truly tho golden calf, yielding the largest measure of satisfaction and profit to its owner, i "One of the really fine things about ' It Is that the work of the boys and girls' clubs Is giving the right answer on this question to Dad through practical example. REPLENISH NITROGEN OR ABANDON FARMS "Somehow and In some way tho United States must take immediate stops to replenish its nitrogen supply." So declares Dr. William H. Walker, national vice president of the Amerl can Farm Bureau Federation and representative of the secretary of commerce.. He says: "The condition Is really serious. Having just completed a survey from California to Maine, I Und tuuny farms especially in the east, abandoned because of the exhausted condition of. tho soli. Farmers are compllainlng because they are unable to make anything after freight charges have beon subtracted from the marketing their produce. If eastern farms contiguous to large municipalities could be made more productive there would be an economic Improvement. In fifteen years, at the rate tho sou Is being consumed at present, every bit of arable land will not be sufficient to supply our own needs, and we wilt have to begin Importing. By finding some means^of supplying the much needed nitrogen at a minimum ot expense the condition will be largely relieved." ^C*. NOW CO-OPERATION IN THE POULTRY CAME C. I». I-ockwooil, -traffic manager, explained many of the details. Okarche has the largest local organ­ isation of the Oklahoma Wheat Growers' Association In tho state, and more than 260 members. Poultry and e.gga arc already shipped In carload lots by tho farmers, it was said, but they desire to set up an organization capable of handling $100,000 worth of business annually, they announced. In Okarche, Okla., July 14.—Encouraged by the success ot Oklahoma Wheat Growers' Association at Okarche, 350 farmers near that city, are planning to organize a cooperative poultry and ea:g association and hire an expert to manage the business, of. Meeting was held recently at which Chicks and Hot Weather. extremely hot weather special caro Is nocescary to prevent -chicks if am being overheated by exposure to the sun, confinement where ventilation IS bad, or overcrowding. Skim milk, cither sweet or sour, and buttermilk sre especially valuable feed In hot weather, making the diet lighter without reducing its nutritive value. The milk should be fed In a drinking fountain or In u dish covore! with wire netting so that tho "chicks cannot get into it and become soiled with milk. The use ot milk does not do away with the use of water, which should be gllven as usual. Never Opened His Mouth. The farmer and his boy were driving to town with a load of produce and thff father had become peeved at the little fellow. Upon driving up to In. town, the old man turned tho lines over to the boy and said, "Now sit there and keep your mouth shut and people won't find out what a fool you are." In a few minutes a -prospective customer climbed up on the wafeon and [•asked, "Sonny, what aro those potatoes worth?" The boy did not answer. Again the customer Inquired, "Sonny, how njueh aro those potatoes'.'" Still no reply from tho boy. The prospect climbed down and, disgusted, snarled, "You must be a dum fool!" The father soon returned and the boy said, "Pa., I never opened my mouth, and they found It out anyhow.' —Forbes Magazine. INROADS ON FLOCK. Sterling Farmer Hit By Epidemic Removes Sick Chickens. The chickens on the W. A. Haxton farm have heen dying off for the past two weeks so ho called the Rice Barrier Stops Chinch Bufl- Other ruennn may bo utilized In special emergencies, but the ditch- log" barrier Is tho first and most Important line of defense against the vast broods of young chlinch bugs that will soon advance upon the corn flel'ds. DESCRIBES METHOD OF SPIDER IN SHROUDING HIS VICTIM Why and When to Cull the Hen. Some hens are loaferB and can bo found and removed from the flock by fulling. This practice eliminates hons of low vigor and lessens chances of dlm.'usc outbreak. Itemoval of the poor producers allows more room for Iho belter producers and for tho pul- IOIH. Ofton morn etrgtt- can bo se' cured from smaller flocks, better fed and housed. Oulifng tho hens for egg production should lie done during tho period from July 15 to October 1. Culling either too early or too lati> groatly increases tho llkllhood of discarding heavy producors (oniporaiily out of production. Normally, there is a good market for live poultry about September 1, with n declining In prloo from that linm until after tho holidays. Neglect your weed cutting for a tew. catch may bo a tiny gnat hold by one WRY WM days this Pall and thus get acquainted with an experienced garden decorator and bug killer, your friend the spider. The tlower ot all webdom Is the orb of tho black end yellow garden upider, writes E. P. Jenkins in Nature Magazine of Washington. The orb weavers build a plain w.eb with a small carpet- Hike patch of fine, closely woven dry web nt the center, but the black and yellow garden spider adds a jnost unusual and distinctive pioco" ot construction. Always approximately from top to bottom across the space, where there Is no spiral, he lays a zigzag ot dry wob back and forth between two spokes of bis wheol. This zigzag Is composed ot a great number ot very flue strands ot white web which seemingly would require an Immense amount of tabor and travel back and forth In tho building; but hero is where ho Kprlugs a surprise if ywi are lucky enough and early enough to see him build it some morning. He bus ubout oue hundred and fifty spinnerets In that rear tool chest ot his, each capable of spinning a wpb, and lnxtcad of running the one hundred and fifty strands Into one web as usual, he spreads those spinnerets npnrt aud makes a ribbon. The zig-zag Is niado In much less time than it takes to tsll about It and forms the finishing touch on a masterful piece of work. When It IB completed the spider takes position head down at the center of the wob, on tho underside, where his legs command thetlghtly stretched lines radiating to all parts of his Ingenious trap. He stays on the Job day and night With the slightest motion ot his legs be often keeps this web vibrating back; and forth tor minutes at a time, Uft«t -IWMMsBfl A yab, tka ilrit small strand of wsh, but with some one ot his eight tegs the spider gets the meS'Oge sent by the hum of the lns«ct's wings over tbe tightly stretched web. If ho is uncertain as to which one of two or three spokes will lead to tho prey, tho spider takes Tiold ol two of the spokes with his two front logs and gives a little jerk like shaking crumibs from a tablecloth. If still uncertain 5io takes two other spokes and repeats the motion until satisfied not only of the location but also as to tho size of the catch, which he can determine hy this method. It too small to bother with, he waits lor something better. When a large catch Is made, the spider displays all his resources of skill and craftiness. Botore starting after his big prey, he takes care hurriedly to attach a Hue which he spins cvs ho goes, it thrown from tho web in the combat, he climbs heck up this lino. He endeavors to keep a safe- distance and with one leg begins throwing loops ot fresh web on the kicking, struggling creature. Somotlmes tho spider misses and prey almost oscapos, only to trip and fall among more ot the sticky strands. Than, If you can keep on watching without taking a stick and heiplng the "under dog" out of the net, you will soon, ace the spider setae his victim and with three or four legs begin whirling him around end ground, while one ot the white "ribbons' like that ot which the beautiful zigtag is made rapidly forma the death robe. The spider then cats the web from around tbe oateh, picks up the line ho brought along, attaches It to the spoke he has lost out, thus mending It, and runs lack on this line, carrylnu the whlta- robtd bundle, to the cents* of tha Wat*. 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