Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois on May 13, 1897 · Page 6
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Sterling Standard from Sterling, Illinois · Page 6

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Sterling, Illinois
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Thursday, May 13, 1897
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Treaty It is a well known that the Arbifera- treaty was defsatsdfby a very imsll margin. The principle ot atbitrfttion In a good one to go by, but iu' this case th« J'oreignness eo prominent in this tresry, was the objectionable feature. While our people believe tbftt the most of the misunderstandings between nations can be settled by a board of arbitration, yet we must acknowledge the present treaty contained several ob- jectiwmble clauses. Of our Senators, Mr. Cullom voted for the treaty and Mr. Mason voted egainst it, Senator Mason gives hia reasons for voting against it, as follows: I believe in arbitration and I.*am opposed to war, but I could not vote for the treaty as it was finally presented for my vote. I may be wrong in the legal construction I give to the treaty. Article 6 provides for the arbitration of territorial questions, and, in my opinion, we would be bound to submit questions, under that treaty, which involve the well-settled principles of the Monroe doctrine. • I would not, aa an American citizen, •arbitrate that question before any •court a majority of which ia composed of those who are opposed to republics and in.favor of monarchies, No such •court could be found which would not decide that England could buy Mexico, South America, or any of the islands •of the sea if she had the price and was willing to pay. The Monroe doctrine, to which we, cling as our rock of safety, Is in direct opposition to the common law right to purchase. . I know that the friends of the treaty claim that the Monroe doctrine would not be arbitrated under the treaty. All I ask any fair-minded man to do is to read article 0 in answer to that prop* An amendment was offered twenty minutes before the roll call which «eemedto care that mistake. Under the ancient and unfair rales of the Seaiate one objection stopped theamend- naent, although every friend of the " treaty waa willing It should be made, • and the chairman of the committee having the treaty in charge consented to the amendment,' We were compelled to vore on the resolution as it was. • -~Nd More "Fusion" Tickets. "Gov. Tanner has signed the bill to prevent the placing the name of any - candidate foi? office upon the official 1 b£Uot under more than one party appellation, ^nd hereafter it will be impos- »-aible for the Democrats and Populists tto resort to "fusion" ;8chemes which they practiced generally last year, at least so for as Illinois is concerned. Hereafter it will be necessary for candidates to sail under their proper colora and*the official. ballot will n otbe encumbered, as it was last November, with.a full list, of electors andptheir candidates,pn a Bryan and Sewall tick— ctand^with-the isame-llstof names on .aBryan and Watson ticket. Consequently, the breed of Popocrats promises to become extinct. vlfa candidate is neither a Republican nor a Prohibitionist, he muat go before the voters either as a Democrat or as a Populist, but not as a combination of both, Democrats can DO long- «r pose as Populists nor Populists as Democrats, nor both as Popocrats. They must decide which party they really belong to, if they can, and then stick to it and take their chances, but they cannot procure votes under false pretenses by placing their names on the ballot nnder two or more separate party appellations. The justice of this new act cannot be questioned, and it will cesul|i in greatly simplifying the work of marking the official ballot at future elections.—Illinois State Jourrial. Prince and Old Soldiers. Congressman Prince was present at ~th<TS61cUerff "Encampment at ^Galesburg last week and there were very few minutes of his stay there that he could call his own. He bag been very successful in looking after the claims of the old soldiers of hie district and during the Encampment (here were hundred of the old boys to see him in regard to their* pensions. Some pensions bad been cut down, some discontinued and other old soldiers wanted pensions. Mr. Prince listened caret ally and made notes of all important points ia each case; all thU entailed a {treat deal of time and labor. While Mr. Prince is not an old soldier he take*.» great interest in the welfare of all old soldiers and be has wor&ad some pension /tills through . that have been hanging for some time, By the time Encampment was over he was completely-tired out. He returned to Washington oa Sunday.' The American* a National Journal, weekly iu .Philadelphia is> e, the ablest ftm silver advocate The Editor, Whsrton r, ia 3 very espa^ie man. a vary t«*M*> of t«sins, bpi?rt«» thtf* »M a half of short comments on 0eonot»!c snb- long editorials as follows: Usurpation of Congressional Authority," nearly two pages In 'ienghth, "The Tariff of Selfishness and Sectionalism," and "Tariff Stumbling Blocks," ^bont nine pages of extracts of letters recently received In praise of the work Mr. Barker is doing, The most of these commendations are from free silver and Democratic sources, but not all of them* The STANARD has quoted The American on more than One occasion and a.ltho' It does not believe that the editor Id correct in his diagnosis of the economic and'political situation, it gives him credit for writing the only silver editorials that we have seen that are not so much twaddle. We consider the American the most comprehensive journal of its kind published. DUN'S weekly review of business says that the actual sales In April by leading houses in each line of business In the principal cities. east of of the Rocky Mountains average only about 10 per cent less than in April, 1892, the year of the largest business hitherto, and were 0.1 per .cent more than in the same month last year. Yet this is the summary of 357 reports, each covering actual sales of -leading merchants in a Ine of business in one of fourteen cities, which are given by cities and ay different branches of trade in this issue. • They are especially encouraging in view of the great 'all of prices within the five years, and the exceptional floods and other re- .arding influences this year. ARE the promoters of the Humphry ments to get votes for the passage of ;hose bills? is a question that the Leg- Mature should settle and do it quickly, [teportia that Mr. Garrard, Secretary of the Board of Agriculture, called a man out of the House; supposing him o be a legislator, and offered him two thousand dollars if he would vote for ;he Humphry bills. The man approached was not a "statesman" but a clerk, and the latter gave the matter away, [f all this Is true it should have the sun* light of publicity shed upon it. GREECE can now realize the fact that it is best not to start a light if you have to depend on carrying it on. successfully on problematical contingencies. The contingencies in this case were the probable uprising of the Balkan States and the dasire of Russia to have an opportunity to gobble up Constantinople. The contingencies did not pan out They seldom do as per theoretical program. SECRETARY SiiEHsrAN celebrated his seventy^fouftlrTjirthday n on^Mondayr President \ McKinley and " th e other members of the Cabinet paid their respects to the Secretary of State. Mr. Sherman is a well-preserved man. His mind is clear and he bids fair to do good work for the next ten years. He belongs to a nervy family. SENATOR ALLISON thinks Congress will pass the new tariff by July first. Ete aays it will add §40,000,000 to oar revenues the first year and more each year thereafter. FINANCIAL reports'say that theLon- don money centers have abundance of money. ' Death of 8. 8. Patterson. Samuel S. Patterson, eon of Hon. J. M. Patterson, general agent of the Keystone Implement Co., at Kansas City, Mo., died at hit father's home April 30, 1897,f rom consumption. Samuel was well k^own here, ..being Jborn in this city and having lived here until the family moved to Kansas City. He was thirty years old and bad just returned from Oklahoma, where he and his mother had beeorfor the benefit of Samuel's health. Hey. Dr." Jenkins conducted, the funeral exercises Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock. * i Mrs, Mary Goodwin, State Secretary of the King's Daughters, will address the King's Daughters of the county Thursday, May 20, in the Trinity Evangelical church in Sterling at 2:30 o'clock p. m. Not only are all the memberd of thevajlijis circles invited to be present bgpverybody else. —Jaron Heckman, of Jordan, began work this morning on the stone work of the new Congregational church, ^-Levi gnavely began to canvass this morning among the farmers east of town for corn in aid of the starving natives of Indie.aud Fred|3huler is expected to do the same among the farmers north of ths city. However, farmers who are willing to give, need, not wait to be called upoo, but may take thait cora at ouce to the warehouse of Dilloa, It ia hoped; by the end of tha ttioate, our township will ^ave$ our Hindoo bxeib- tQ«4V9 400 p«ppl9 let Journal unay h* of interest to srtm<5 of oar readers. Query.—When a colony nwarnta, which orders the "walk-out"—the queen or the -workers?—Florida. • The workers.—J. H. Larrabee. The workers, no doubt—R. L, Taylor. Both. They work in unison.—P, H. Elwood. I don't know. The workers, i think. -—J. A. Green, In prime swarms, the workers.— Eugene Secor. Both, In harmony with Nature's laws.—0. M. Doollttle. Workers are "boss," and control the queen.-^-Mrs. L. Harrison. V The queen—for want of room to deposit her eggs.—E. France. I doubt if .there is any. ordering about it No order Is needed/ The queen Is late in going—A. J. Cook. The workers, many of them, will be in the air before the, queen makes her appearance.—S. I. Freeborn. ''It must be the queen that leads—not orders—for the simple fact that If she leads back, they go.—Jas. A. Stone. ' ; Nature; but it seems there Is occasionally internal dissensions, as the queen fails to go.—J. M. Hambaugh. It would seem—tho workers. But no doubt the "walk out" is ordered by "Nature's first law."—J. E. H. Brown. I suppose a little like it was In the late great railroad'strike. The chief boss (queen) sort of "requests" the swarm to march forth.—-C. H..Dlbbern. We think they are unanimous on that point. The queen is^angry. because young queens are reared, and the bees are uncomfortable for want of room.— Dadant & Son. Neither of them. Kach one has a mind to work the best she knows how, and when the time comes for doing a tli 1 ngTrthey^allddOrit-withoutHsiny- order-r ing. The workers generally go out first, however.—merson T. Abbott. ^ /Docs any one know? I don't; and I don't see how one can ascertain.- As a guess, I will say, there is probably a community of interest that governs the matter.—rJ. E. Pond. . ~.. Tho workers. I have repeatedly wen them persecuting the queen and driving her out. When a queen cannot -fly, the bees: will endeavor to prevent her return to the hive.—M.Mahin. ' I don't know; but I think- there ia usually an understanding between 'bees and queen. Possibly the.bees create the emergency, and the queen gives tho "signal."—W. M. Barnum. : "With a normal first swarm the queen Is among the last to leave the'.hive; while with • after-swarms i with/Virgin queens, the q««en is aboujt'the first one to leave the hive.—-Mrs. J. N. Heater, ; • . . : J f. • ' I suppose both must work together to~get"thlngs in shape for swarming. I suspect,the Immediate instigators are the wdrkers, as I have known a swarm, to issue with no queen in the hive, having been removed a short time be-_ I never have -yet been fortunate enough to hearjbe orders given; but I have often seen bees mak.e a rush, and I believe Nature has taught the-whole business—queen and workers—to 'move out when the proper time comes. I do not think there are any orders at all, but the bees sometimes seem about halt way mad at their queen at swanning- time.—Mrs. Jennie Atchley. The worker-bees control the. whole proceeding. This very, season I was watching for the queen attho entrance ofjaJhiye _where the bees we're Injthe act of swarmingTand the queen did not .make her appearance until three^iuar- ters of the Bwarm was in the ajr, and when she did appear, she was :being hustled out by force of arms. ;I "distinctly saw.an ireful worker bite her as she sullenly "vacated." I once had E swarm to Issue while I had. the hive open, and saw the internal incitement, and I saw the queen make repeated aU tacks on a sealed queen-cell,Vbut the guards stood firmly, and eveii used force to drive her awayr-The old Idea that the queen "leads out the swarm," looks romantic, and. all that, but it is not according to solid facts,—G. W. Demaree. ....'• • , .• • , • Driving Draft Horses.—The strength of the draught horse enables him to make good time for a short sprint, despite the excess of weight lie carries. But unless on soft dirt roads fast driving of draught horses should not be atteiopted, because the excess of weight m'ikea tho pounding' of the horse's feet on the har'd surface, all the more sorere. It is well'known that heavy horeea are quite apt to have defective feet. This we believe to be the caiue. Kept to their appropriate pace on t&» road and on the farm, draught borem will live and do good servlca yearr< after they are twemty years old. It It, narvoua worry that shortens life, rather than bard, muscular toil, both in horns and In men.—Ex, • Porridge for Pigs.—Warm e&im or new milk is the moat perfect feed tor pigs, and when this canjiot be had, the nearer to it the food can be made the better the result; will be. Middlings made into a thin slop (steamed it convenient) and a little oil meal added, la pw&ably the best substitute for milk. Ic promotes growth of bone and ssuscle, a»a do*a not make the young »Ig t< fat. Gcara meal porridge, witlt ft good ef oil meal, in a §00$ ra tbe eo*» JB&X prov« nopk^^p 11 ? of Shf" farta, pays a In "Sourtiwn SfafM." From m ad eeotjowic standpoint she Is the manufacturer of »H foras of spire food products made upon the farni. For this reason her numbers and products speak more eloquently oftentimes, with regard to farm au»d family thrift, than almost anythihjf else the census counts. fl«et us see, therefore, what her statistics teach Ms with regard to"the- south. In 1880 tiie census tells uk there were only 2,EOO>- 000 undlch cows reported in the south; in 1890 this had increased to 2,800,000, and tihe reports of the department of agriculture indicate that the cows in the southern states now number aborjt 3,000,000. This is not a great incre^^e, but the butter production tells a mote favorable story. The Southern States under consideration produced in 1880 only 90,000,000 pounds of butter, which was less tlhan seven pounds per capita of the t entlre population, this is only enough' to give each person a f&lr allowance of butter for each Sunday. In 1890 the same states produced 156,000,000 pounds, or over ten pounds per capita of the population. In other words, between 1880 and 1890 the output of butter from a slightly increased number of cows has beon increased three-fourths. How shall wo account for this? Those who have made extensive observations in the south confirm us in the statement that while it had in the earlier years a great many cowa, they'Were poor} v cared for and more poorly fed.. The introduction of the so-called "no-fence" laws, which requires that all stock shall be kept at home or fenced In, ban, however, led to the elimination, of worthless cows and the better care of those remaining. The production of cheese has doubled also. This Industry has recently been firmly established in ths prevl oiisly'"unknown. Graduation of TOT* Kottle*. ' Many of the Babcock bottles, thermometers and pipettes which are purchased from the dairy supply houses are improperly graduated; The following method for testing such bottles IB simple, rapid and accurate enough for practical purposes. Fill the bottle to the zero mirk ,',-b'f the scale "with water, removing: any drops that may adhere to the neck with a strip of blotting or filter paper. Then add a two cubic centimeter pipette full of '*vater to the test bottle. If the 'bottle is properly graduated the water added, will flii it to the ten per cent mark; If the water comes two-tenths of a per cent or more above or below the ten per cent mark ..th'e bottle, should, be destroyed. In making this test always r-ead >om the/lowest point of the curve formed by the surface of the '.watd- on a level with .the eye. Plpettcr for the above purpose catj be ordered by residents of Pennsylvania .through the experiment station at a cost of 35 cento each in advance. Common dairy thermometers e^liableto-b^several-aegr'eeBln error and should always be compared with a standard instrument before using. Gor- reqt thermometers for this purpose, as well as standard,milk and,cream pipettes, test bottles, etc,, can also be ordered through the station on the terms named in Bulletin 33.—M, B. McDonnell, Pennsylvania Experiment Station. Straining Milk.—Straining should begin before commencing to milk,-by brusfcdng off all the dirt, teir, straw, etc., from the udder, teats and body of the cow. Let it Ue the duty of some ono r /.par^n^to~Eb~overCall-"the-cowa with a soft brush or a damp cloth before the CTXWB are milked. An ordinary •wire sieve strainer' doe^"very well, but we add to this toy doubling cheese cloth or thin cotton so as to 'have it four *hickneeses T . Lay the cloth across the bottom of the strainer and A then fasten It on-by means of a tin ring which slips.ovej the cloth and bottom part ,of ttoe Btrainer. For quickness we use a strainer that a pail of milk may be put into at once. This Bets in a wooden, frame "over tne"cp,ri. Some u&e a woolen cloith 'to.'strain,with.." Cloth of som'e kfead Is necessary to catch hairs and fine dirt. This cloth must be kept clean. Scald it thoroughly each time after using.—Ontario Experimental Farm, • .'; •-..-• Number of Cows to Each, Creamery. —Creameries are of no beaoflt to a neighborhood unless there are a sufficient number of cows to supply the milk necvsaary to run them economically and fluccessfully. The best of our creamery men differ in j-eg&rd to tie number o? cows necessary to run one; and ^o definite number can be easily fixeo upon, for tho reason that some COT will jtfve more milk than others tmii name farmers feed more generously than others. I would not advise the conBtrucjcic.* of a creamery where tfccre ar« :»6s 'tUan 600 cows In the 1m- medlat-i vicinity. Before building a creamtt 1 ;.', farmers should look this matter fairly in the face, procure tlia cows, and Isarn how to manage them. Then they can safely go ahead.—John L. (Jlbbs, ex-l*resldent Minnesota Dairymen's Association. Dairy farms <Jo not run down. Do not expect the pasture to do all the •work. The cows should have some additional feed. f&raers eo fsboitsJghA&l as to oppose t&e paasaga of a law that oltotmjrgftriae tg be fcolcj oa mstit*. -,-^ftftK9(f**,ftSi9yfiS' ,*'9«SSfl[WP!=JS«e'St«»- ^ <i ^ J p SMSMB!¥ ),- ? ai->» t »<y>«w»»«t»«*™J~«BS»i ,^-S-"- C11PJ w rfi '-,.-^|f| •», -i * v ** >T ¥ r^ $l>^&^ -"S^f^r t*& St. T^fe^^^lP'l*^*---. v v^-^^ff* ^^ I^Afa^ 1 1 4f^3.|'|4rU i^^l-^'iJsi "^r^flrt.?, ^"=^ f , , , f ^ s . 1e ^^_ *- ^ May ... July ... Sept ,,, Core. Jnly -,*.. Sept ,..« UaU. May .... July.... Sept .... Meesprk May.... Beat*,.. ard. May,... July... Sept.... Hf'Jfl, 8.60 8.67 i!66 4.10 25J 269 m 8.67 8.67 4.00 4,10 78 18 i 8.67' 8.G7 3.97 4.05 m* 8.62 8.65 .1.92 3 4 18 6'OLOOK—OA8H Wheat.'-.'-'.'-' '••'•..'.',•'".'•.: , No. 2 Red, 90@92, " 3 " 80@87. " 2 Spring,^. « 8 " 72@74. « 2 Hard W-, 73@75. «' g. V •"-'" 70@73, "I Northern Spring, 78^79. Corn, No. B White, «« 2 •• 8 Yellow, •i 8 —— 24. « 8 Yellow, Data. : No.2 18, " 2 White, «> 8 17 " 8 White, 19©22. • Car lota today—Wheat, 20; 131; oate, 150. :Estimated oar loadfl--wheat, 7; 125; oata, 140; hogs, BO.OOO. NORTHWK8TBHN RBOBIFTB. corn, corn, Minneapolis Duluth Chicago 141 1?0 Week 182 109 Last Year, ' 259 103 HOG AND OATTLB BKOBSPTB. May 12, '97, UNION STOCK YABDB— ilogs 31,000'.' . ($»ttle 13,000.; ;/,- ' .• Sheep 11,000, - , Hogs left over 2,000, ; Kansas City hogs to-day, 16,000. Kansas City cattle to-day, 7,500, Omaha hogs to-day, 5,500. Omaha cattletd-day, 2,700. . Hogo opened steady, . v Mixed, 3.75O3.95> good heavy, 3.75 3.92; rough, 8.50Q3.65; light, ' 3.750 3.97; • ••;'•.-•• ^ -.'•.•• •••••;. ••. -I'. Cattle steady. •', • . ..;'.-..:. ' . Sheep steady. v , •'' '' ' ' ' ' . HogB closed weak. . . ' .Light, ®3.75@3.95; mixed, 3,75@3.92; heavy, 83.75@83.00; . rough, 3.45@3.65. Cattle ateady. ,. " ,.., , Sheep steady. ;' , The IrUh'Pemaaut; and J3.lt f If, ;From the . Qutlook: .The! rente of these little farms were from two to six pounds. Each cottager grew a little Held of data, another ofypotatoeB, aa* other of grass, and some raised patches .of cabbages or. tumlpa. These crops were grown mostly oil the thin soiled, stony hillsides. If a man took a field in the meadow below, his neighbor* thought he was too well; of, and accused him of an inclination to put on airs and ape the aristocracy. Besides all this, it added an extra pound to the rent.' Most of the people kept two or three cows, several sheep, and a few hens, in some cases they owned & pony^or a goat or a flock of geese. There were also two half grown plga thaMrequented ,the&illage- laneo. They, were sharp nosed, long legged creatures, nimble of foot, and apparently capable, In their wanderings, of picking up their own living. When at home they lived in their 'master's bouse. This house had but'a single room, -and, the pig pen was in one cprneri Aside from the pigs, the family was composed of a man and wife and three or four • children. Their abode was windowless, and light came in only through the two doors and possible chinks In the walls. Mud and refuse was almost universal about the doorways, and a ''njlddea" (manure heap) was always'handy near the house front.' A skeleton horee was feeding in a waste near the quarry; some old men, working days past.were sunning themselves on the rocks; one or two old women were pitting or leaning on the walls hear their cabin doors, some ia idleness, some knitting. In the oat field* the men were reaping laboriously handful by handful with th^lr Blcklee, and the barefoot woman followed behind to bind the rshMves. •The women $!ean«4 over, the ground as they worked, and picked up. every " a»ts. ' Unable to obtain a view of the stage by reason of the size of the hats worn by the women (seated, in front of them, the male portion of the.audie&cg-iu tha theaters at IJrest have now, by way of protert, adopted the fashion of taking cusiilons with them to the theater, which, whsn placed on th« s^ats, add * considerable number of inches to their stature : and enable them tq see over the hats in front of. them. Inasmuch, however, ag this in turn interferes with the view of the people behind them, the theatrical performances at Brest of late have been characterized by 'so much dfeiordoF that the authorities hav« been nuked to ictervoHft in behalf of the , failing in which the latter that they 'wiU be eoajpeJled to flon* their h,eu»«»,-~New York TP3&BXB& To Any person Interested in matters, or nyho loves animals, we will Aettclfree, upon application^ copy of the '«ALLIANCE,'' the organ of this Society. Ia addition to Its Intensely Interesting reading, Itcdntains a liai of the valuable and unusual premiums given by ths paper. Address THE NATIONAL HUMANB ALLIANCE,, Ualted Charitie* Bunding, N«w Yoi*. "a 1, Booka, I inUlwll 1 1 SSr bdofi'd, in [irtT!w»nd»tprio<wtosDlttlietlt 8TERLIHC 8TAHDABD liNDElY OUR STOCK OF ...and Miiiicery Goods and N < NoTelties 18 BOUND TO INTEREST YOU. ' t It is complete-' In every detail, • MISS - with The lateiTsTyles of Hats and Trimmings. Give ua a call and be convinced. ' WILKINSON, * No. 5 East Third St., Sterling, Illinois. Q'reat ;: "" ;•'•.;"'% * - t -* i ~^~ Special Sale Waslr : Dress Goods. • Never before in the' history,', of th.6 dry goods.trade have we been able to offer such remark: able—values-in-Summer'Dry : Goods. The backward season has upset values, which we wefe not slow to take tage of.. THURSDAY TO-MORROW 2,000 yards handsome Printed Dimities, all of the new and pretty coloring! of the season, never before less than ^.' lOc, in this Special Ma Sale 1,500 yards Colored DlmitieB v in new and pretty designs,' very desirable for either dresses or, Waists, nersr be- 1 fore leas than 12Kc, Jn this •Special May Sale......FOB 1,000 vards pretty Printed Wash Goods, new coloring and desigiiB, always 5o, la this Special May Sale.. FOB , There will Be many adv»n-. </l tages in early selections, for "J * / ^ ^«E? with the advent of weather, desirable goods these prices cannot be had.'

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