^SA^DAY,' JULY »14, 1923 THE HUTCHINSON NEWS- PAGE THREE. SAYS WOMEN CAN END ALL WARS | nRarrie Chapman Call Also Believes Fate of Europe Lies in Hands of Her Sex. WOMEN VOTE IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA < "Th& VfOTOCn of America can save Europe. It is In tholr power to avert another world conflagration It thoy •will net 'berfore tho gathering resentment abroad makes Intervention J>y , this country unas- •eptable* and be- :oro Europe slides . n t o , eompleto chaos." ' So de- iiaros Mrs. Carrio Chafman Cult, noted suffrage leader and prominent in national nnd international •women's organisations. She lias Just returned from a atudy ot European conditions. r "Once women six* e.e.c^rr have talked tilings over and ma.de up t&elr n\U\da," said Mrs. Call'recently, "it In doubtful whether men ever go against thorn. Men may not have much respect (or women's udgmcnt, and they may not realize just why they are acting as tboy jdo, but thoy follow the promptings of women when It is from a matured,and [united opinion. It was never the business of worn- |cn to attend war. TUey never fhvltod :wnr nor counseled war nor declared ivar. Men were the belligerent sex, omen the conserving Sex; and worn- 1 fared better when there was no nr. Whon they talked things over it was always with the thought or sav-*l up life and property end happiness, nd men came to think of them null f their advice in that way. They amp to be recoznlzed by every one as the conserving sex - ; but the newer livas never utilized In a constructive [way. "Now nion all over the world aro riming to sense this force. They are timing to women in the hope that hoy will make use of It. Politicians Cannot 3ave Europe. "In every country or Kurono there re men who are tremendously Inter- sted In solving the present difficulty's and in finding a way out without he use of -force. I mean by that not rely armed force; I mean Intimida- 1011 and economic force. Hut these ton fool their own helplessness In the of the governments that havo set up. Thoy realize that tho olutlon does not He with politicians. ; nd so without exception they have nrned. to women, because they know j [hat women have the instinct which Is | •>fded in this crisis, although Uiey ive never made use of it. "The woman's movement is tho niy united movement In the world • day. The women of America have a innce now to show whether they aro rely voters by legislative enaet- Brouklyn, July 14.—Day by day Anna Longorgan sits foe- oldo her mother In the stuffy courtroom hero encouraging her during tho trying hours other ordeal — trial tor Iter Ufa. Mrs. Longer gan Is charged with the Wiling «f her hus- liand — shooting him to death In a frenzy whon he beat ono of her daughters. Mrs. Alton /nuKmiAu Longergan, mother wnwwimw ot fourtet . n chll . dren Jo pleading self defense. New, York, July 14.—Prince Moham- mod All Ibrahim, son of 'King 'Snad of Egypt, came to America to induce American beauties to live in Cairo for tho admiration of Egyptian vrvyalty, according to Mabol Withoa, charming stago star upon whom the prince, once showered his attentions. The prlnco recently returned to Europe MABB-WfTttEE after his second visit to the TJnlted States In less than ono year. —A hostage ot love. That's Mary Lambert, member or an opera compnny. She Is being held by police here In tho hope that she will reveal the •whereabouts of hor sweetheart, Honry T. Kraft. In tho event that she refuses, K raft. Wanted in connection Willi auto thefts, may make LMBEftr np his mind to sur- ren-icr Hi order to release her, police believe. Miss Lambert came here recently. Miss Anne Caldwell., Miss Anne Caldwell has Just returned from a,year spent In the new republic of Czechoslovakia. She was formerly a national financial secretary for tho Y. W. C. A., with head quarters In Cincinnati. In July, 1022, she was sont abroad to raise money for the work of the association which was badly In need of new buildings and equipment In the countries in central Kurope. Incidentally ,lt should bo mentioned, that this was the 'First American campaign in tho republic of Czechoslovakia. Miss Caldwell also visited the association's vork In Poland, Iloumnhla and other countries. "The women ot Czechoslovakia have been given tho vote," says Miss Caldwell, "but only tho upper, educated classes aro able to intelligently exercise the privilego. Very lltle Is done tor the laboring classes at present, Womon and young girh} fourteen years old are employed in loading and running coal wagons. "The special work of tho Y. W. C. Women Must Act to Secure . Needed Social Legislation Linna. Bresctte Hopes to See Time When Law-Proof Minimum Wage Law is Given Kansas—Tells of Great Work in Americanization in East. The women's organizations will roller which in many cases will not have to see tlKit BOclal legislation Is oa'? ,fraTC Jlf « '>ut reason also, enacted in each Mate according *\^^^^ Miss^Llnna Brcsotte, formerly.director ; tho plcturesqueness was lost to mo, I of "Women in Industry under tho In-'couldn't holp romember. Dr. Shippy's dustrlal Court ot Kansas betoro being! Blor y and wonder about tho women In removod from otflco under Govornor Henry Allen'e administration. Miss' Breaetto Is still interested In women' in industry and women In all avenues of endeavor. She ia now with -tho the little cabins down in tho foo ihllls. Fight for Common Cause. "Everywhere I go 1 find interest being aroused on tho Americanization programs. Wo havo one, the Fedor atiou of Churches has one ami tho A, Is with these classes, providing] Miss J them with edueatlomil and recreation-' problo: al facilities. They are so anxious to learn. In fact, \ may say that the full strength of tho new republic Is being used for education. "In the Y. W. V. A. and Y, M. C. A. centers young people or all nationalities are welcomed nnd they work and play together. Sometimes It happens that girls of four different tint- loiLalities .are in tho same elapses. They find they have much In common •—that the.-e other girls aro 'real nice.' This discovery makes for International good feeling. A well known diplomat once said that he considered that the work of the Y. W. C. A. along this line was one of tho strongest forces now working toward world peace." Catholic Welfare Council working in j ow ]«h Welfare Council has one. the department ot Social Action. These three organizations ilmve mm* In hor travels all over tho nation \ tl conl mon and have worked in conjunction with one another in many things, such as "ono day rest In seven," and the fight on tho 12-hour day-in the steel mills in ronusylvari'la, "Our department got out a pamphlet railed the Rights and duties of American Citizenship, printed it lu Kngllsh but the social workers wanted It also printed in the language of the could understand those explanations, ! and I am sure wo couldn't. ; "Uapldly this disappointment H turning to resentment.". - QuitB District Club Work. Mrs.i Frank .Rospaw, formerly a leht or have the higher qualities of member of the Montezuma Study club, tatesmanshlp. Hut thoy have no time anil w^ho has been civairmairof legisla- > lose. Unless they act promptly the ' tiou of the Seventh District -Feder- Ipportunvty will have passed Two Big Reasons. *"Thero aro two reasons for this: ) is tho rapid decline of Europe; eliel does not come soon conditions till havo reached such a pass that re atloiiihas resigned as she is leaving for California to mako her home. A Chinese Girl. St. Louis: Miss Kva Chang, a 21- yoar-old Chinese girl, has enrolled in Miss Drosetto has found that the urn which she had to combat in Kansas aro to bo found In every state in the union and each haa to solve these lu tho way best suited to tho local conditions. Says Time Will Come. "The fart that the supreme oonrt deckled adversely on the minimum wago of the Kansas Industrial Court People with -whom they were -working does not mean that legislation on • «o It was tried out printing in one minimum wage is knocked out in all; column the questions and answers in states. We may yet see Kansas have Kngllsh and opposite in the fore! a law-proof minimum wage on the language, first in tho Slovak, Polish statutes whon the women of the stato and Italian, The Idea took well, as become alive to tire necessity ot tho : you can see when I tt«l you that 8(1,- leglslatlou. | 000 Slovaks have called for the little Miss Brosotte's work is most Inter- 1 books. Now we have printed the estlng, going, as she does, before'booklets in Lithuanian, Slovenian, of Social Workers which meets on Oct. 10-12, in Lawrence. The Council which Is composed of persons Interested in the social betterment work is meeting for tho 11-lth annual meeting. Among tho .speakers at this meeting win he Klnier Scott, director of the Civic Federation, Dallas, Tex., and John M. Keuderdlno, a member of the staff of the "Survey" a publication devoted to social problems. Dr. Florence Sherhon ot tho Kansas Unlvorslty faculty will talk on "The Stato as a Foster Parent" and Mrs. John Nltchor, a graduate of the university will talk on "Does tho' Juvenile Court Pay?" MONTEZUMA CLUB HAS GIVEN TOWN LIBRARY Took Hard, Persistent Effort by Women to Raise Funds- City Gives Building. WOMAN MANAGES • WAKRKNTON, DUE. WOMAN BUILDS HER OWN Ml clubs, schools ami colleges and carrying to tliBin a constructive analysis of social problomsi. "I am showing to these girls that a wide field of en Spanish, Roumanian, l'ortuguose, Hungarian, German, Croatian, French, Arabic and 'Bohemian in addition to first three named. It not only teaehos deavor Is ope-n to thorn through tho thorn good citizenship but also a use social sorvico work, that teaching Is not the only profession for thorn to aspire to. I havo hecn lecturing this winter at the social service school which our organization is maintaining in Washington, D. C, where girls of the English. Women In All .Trades. "I wished so much for some of my Kansas friends to he with me In Washington to attend some of the wonderful conferences which hav from all states and even from tho \ been held during the past year. Bs- Dhlllpplncs and the European coiiu' pocially tho one in January called'' by tries are taking lessons which thoy the Woman's department in tho de- will In turn carry to hundreds of partment of labor which dlil not.come others," she continued in telling of; together to discuss remedies hut more The Study Club of Montezuma has a past year's work of which it is very proud, tho establishment of n public library at Montezuma. A comjiilltee made up of Mrs. Frank Rospaw, Mrs. I J. W. Mclteynolils, and Mrs. Delia Me- Cormicii worked with the president, Mrs. LlUiau Nelson on tho project most or the year giving spelling matches and box suppers, writing letters ami trying to Interest, tho people of the community. After tho spring eli ction, at which time J. W. MclloynoU.s, husband of one of tho eonimtttoo l'l^mboi-s was elected mayor, the city officials bo- came Interested and offered to furnish- a building. A nice brick building was secured and today Montezuma boasts a real library with several cases, and many -hundreds of volumes of fiction, history, encyclopedia, reference books, etc. The library is well patronized. The Study club had an lntorvsUng program throughout the year, much civic work was accomplished and besides the social affairs outside of tho regular programs a homo talent play was put on at Montezuma, Copoland, Satanta and Meade, which cleared over $100. Managers tor cities are getting mora and more popular, hut women as city managers are something new. Mrs. K. K. Barrett, however, has ac- coptod that job, and Warrcnkm., Oregon, [« the city that she Is to manage. Mrs. Itarrott was offered the position only after the field of masculine possibilities had been very well canvassed. No man with tho requisite qualifications being sighted and Mrs. Barrett'* talents having come to tho notice ot the city, she w-,vs offered tho Job. It. took some time to convince her that she should take hold of this new -work, but finally she coivacnt- <*i and now she has gone wholeheartedly into the business of "putting Warretiiton on the map." She Intends to Install a budget systf-m and e.o In for strict economy except in matters where the entire municipality will bouent and lu such cases there will be ho limit. Mrs. llnrrclt was conducting a •thriving, real estate business In Tort- land, Oregon, and suburbs when Warrenton first asked her to come and manage Its affairs. She is now starling a business revival In her new homo. * lef will bo too late. The other Is, to' the School ot Journalism at the Unl- ( ly mind, the saddest thing I saw vi»r there—the changed opinion re: arding this country. It was a dlsap- olntmont that wo hadn't seen tho ar through. fWo had gone In at last, had won It, and then we had quit. ( hey can't'understand why. Kxplana- ons wore given hy the correspond- its In the magazines and tho dally reas, tut I doubt whether Eqropa varsity of Missouri. Miss Chang will ho tho first native woman journalist In China, Bachelor of Science. "Winnipeg: The degree of bachelor ot sotenoo has been nward-ed Miss Sheila Murryatt, the first woman graduato lu agriculture from tho University ot Alberta, Canada. HOUSEHOLD'HINTS By MBS. MOHTQN her yoar uway from KaiKsas. Meets Different Viewpoints. Tho different way in which women to talk over tho problems of women In industry. At this meeting it -was brought out through -the census de- live and tholr outlook In life was • ]<arlmen-t, that of the 572 trades listed brought out In Miss Urcsetto'a visit to' only 35 werji represented tn which Montana. When she got up thoro she - women did not labor. Bach year sees found a former Kansas man, Dr. Ship-! women in just a few more places of pey who was once, a nie5nber of tho! trust and just a few more trades be- Kausas stato board of health, in Jng opened up to her. Wife this great charge, ot the same work In Montana. I Increase the problems Incident there- "Whea he found that I waa In his j to become greater all the time." Marquette Co-eds Name Requirements For an Ideal Man woolen fabrics fee-1 that the peak of high prices has 'been reached und that any change .should be lu tho direction of lower prices. Tlus altitude la especially noteworthy with manufacturers without a surplus on whioh to draw lu ea,se of an unprofitable spring -season. The most important figure In tho woolen induuti-y, however, announces that an advance Is certain, eliu'e pros- ent prices are bas+'d on wool bought at less than the quotations now ruling in the loading markets for raw wool. —Dry Goods Kconomist. IVlrg. R. A. Bolen of Omaha Entitled to Claim Pretty Bungalow t »s Her Own. Omaha, Neb.. July II. When Mil It. A. llolcii points to In.'" homo and says. "This is eiy home," she's mora entitled to that reflection than most women in the Lulled 'Slates. For not only is it her home -tho home she lives tn—but its her homo •.--the home she lives In but It's bur home, tho Product O'f lu-r own hands, tho home she built! From foundation to gable, tho now five-room bungalow on La Fayette avenue, here, was put up by Mrs. llolen alone. Of course she had to leave tho plumbing and electrical work to licensed workers, but she did all tho carpentry. Working alone, on the building, lu corduroy knickers, high hoots and heavy work shirt, Mrs. r .oleu completed her tusk In eight months. Her husband came around Uireo or four times to look over the work and offer suggestions, and whenever slio struck a snag, she says, she went to 1-'. K. Sterns, of tho Lipdiko Lumber company, who'd tell her what to do. Own Plans, too. "I've enjoyed every mlnuto of it" she concludes, now that she's through. "My hu.'iband and I had been planning for two years on building a hotiso," she explains. "Wo wauled it to suit ourselves, and our pocketbook so we made our own plans. "Mr. llolen couldn't leave his business to supervise tho building, so 1 decided to quit work and do it. After I'd watched the cement workers put the basement in, I decided 1 couid do the carpentry work myself. So I started." As proof she could, Mrs. Helen points to her youthful days, when on a farm near Hiawatha, Kas., who'd rather handle farm machinery than wash dishes. So building her own homo wasn'L so difficult urtcr all. "The hardest manual labor was put- ling up the framework," she says, "my sixteen-year old brother helped uio wllh the llriinu." Broken Flnqer Nails. Otherwise she did it all, even to putting in tho windows, fitting the radiators, shingling the roof and burlm; the holes tor the plumbing. "I did sacri.'icc three or four linger nails," she confides. "No, 3 didn't swear, hut I'm not telling what 1 thought." Financially. Mrs, llolen figures she's uliVail of tho game. "I'm sure I've saved as much as the salary I could have earned," she concludes, "and I feol certain that I've made a good Investment by building In a growing part of the town. "And then there's the health side of It. I honestly nevor felt so well in my whole life." city ho aont for me and we had a fine | visit," • said Miss Bresette. "During his talk that afternoon 1 founil out why the Smlth-Townor Maternity bill had been pushed by tine club women of the nation, as he went on to tell of the women living out in tho Isolated districts, who, when motherhood comes to thorn, must face it often all lloiue. This bill will bring to thorn MENU HINT. Brankfast. Oranges. -Wliolo Wheat Porrldt-o Willi ilaislua and Top Milk, lined Kt -b'S. Buttered Toast. r Coffee. \_uncheon, liaLsln-Cheetje-Nut Sand wichea. Mock Chicken Suljul. Hot llliigerbreiul. . Milk. ' Dinner. Kscalloped Ham and Potatoes. Creamed Umt Helens. Fried Apples. Tomato Jelly BaUid. , Whole Wheat Peach Pie. Whipped Cream. pared tho same -as for oscalloped potatoes, but placo a piece of ham which has been -cut about two inches thick lu tho hottom ot tho bakiug dish. Sandwiches — The filling for luncheon sandwiches Is quickly made by putting ralsls, nuts and cheese through meat grinder. TODAY'S RECIPES. Shirred Eggs—Use as many fresh ,ga as you have persons to eervo. iparnte the white Irom the yolk. >at onch white separately, stiff, and ace In mounds upon a well-'buttored in. Make a nost in the center ot eh In which to placo the yolk, un- oken, season.wllh salt and popper id bit ot huttor. llako lu hot oven five minutes. Mock Chicken Salad—Combine tho ftovor portions of lean roast pork th equal portions of colery and cab- ge ad your favorite salad dressing. Whole Wneat Peach Pie — Place o contents of a can of peaches with o.ulco In a deep linking pan ,add gar to taste. Mako a BOft batter as ilows: Broak o«e\ egg into mixing^ wl, beat till well mixed, then add o tablespoon molted butter, one- ta- aspoon melted butter, one-quarter i p sweet milk, one-quarter cup sugar, en one cup wholo wheat flour and itly one-quarter cup white flour th two teaspoons of baking ppwdor. op tbla trom a Bpoon Into the aches, pla-eo lu oven and fetke. rve with whipped. cream, or wlth- <-It.ta.verx ^ppil,^. -ri. slims-, i &i „ P«Uto«» ilUl Vl» I »Wr CANNING AND PRESERVING. Four Fruit Jam—Gooseberries, currants, sour cherries and red raspber- rlos aro the fruit contained * In this lam which is particularly delicious. Prepare all tho fruits In tho usual way, using equal parts of all. After the fruit has heon prepared, ineasuro it keeping track of the number ot cups, then add three-quarters as many cups of sugar as you havo fruit? 'Some cooks allow tho sugar to stand on.the fruit overnight. .This draws out the Juices, so that it Is not necessary to add water. You will find, however, that you will have plenty of juice. Stir the fruit and sugar until well blended, thou put over the fire. Stir.from the •bottom. After It starts to 'boll simmer gently tor about twenty-five minutes. It you find that it Is not beginning to thicken after about twenty minutes o£ «ooklng add a small amount of pectin. This will allow tho Jam to retlu a fresh, uncooked taste which Is entirely lost. It you havo to >ug. 'boll It too long. SUGGESTIONS Linoleum —New llnoloum will last longer and clean more easily If given a -light coat of varnish. ' —-i To Keep Fruit Pie» From Being Soggy — When taking fruit pies, put the white of an ess over the bottom crust toQforo .tlie /rult Is put In yqur pl« wtH n«Yer,li» soegy, •,••....,••••y- Miss Bresctte spends tho greater part of her time In Chicago, Washington and New York, with trips out all over the nation as sho .Is In great demand as a speaker. She will come to Hutchinson in a few weeks to spend part ot hor vacation with her aunt, Mrs. Mary Johnson and her eousitw, Will 11. Johnson and Steven F. Johnson and their families. SIGNAL HONORS EARNED BY AN AMERICAN GIRL She is Fourth Woman to Pas* Sorbonne Examination and Tenth American. Milwaukee, Wis., July 14.—A man tall, with cither blue, gray or brown cyea; ambitious, a home lover, good talker, mixer and dancer and must have a college education; having good looks and wealth no essential; but must, bo of moderato means; and a man of bis word with the ability to concentrate his love and the methods of a cavo man—this is what Marquette university co-eds think an Ideal man should be and possess. In a questionnaire sent to twenty- fWo co-ods here, the abovo requirements aro a general Idea of what they expect of tholr future husband. In the questionnaire was asked the question "What sort of a man do you wish for your husband?" The following qualities wero thought necessary by the number of girls mentioned—Dark complexion, fourteen; light, seven; tall, twenty; blue eyes, twelvo; brown eyes, eight; gray eyes, throe; wealthy, two; moderate menus or good salary, twenty; college education, seventeen; sense of humor, home lover, flftoen; good BOSTON WOMAN WAS FIRST HELLO GIRL IN AMERICA Miss Theresa TJonnoy, or rather Mile. Therese. Bonnoy, as she Is known in Paris, Is a brilliant young American scholar, the tenth one o£ her country to pass the Sorbonuo examination and only tho fourth wo- 1 man to do It. Already ehe haa translated or adapted several Froncih plays tor. production in, New York, and*., tier critical opinion has been recognized in Franco since •that day a little more than a year and a half ago, whon her defense ot a thoBls for the doctorate, "Doe gun at the University of California ami continued at Harvard and Columbia until a commission to assist the French government In tho choice of young women students to fill scholarships in American collegos brought her to Paris. Her work at the Sor- bonno was done while holder of a " v ' on ty fellowship founded by Mgr. Baudril-i f al . ker ', am i (1 » nc °r, fifteen; athlotlcal larl of tho French academy. ly . Inclined, five; experienced lover It was during her undergraduate a,B, »' : , Uone8t ? ud futWo'. fourteen work, at California that.Miss Donjiey 1 ' lmh, "' m, ' began to speckUlr.e in French. After taking lior A. B. there she went to Harvard for her study of romance languageo. THEOESij.&OHUEV lu this practical side of her dramatic, work Miss Bonney la greatly aided by lier exporleuce as personal secretary to M. Jacquo3 Copoau during tho American season of the Vteux-CoHoni" bier, which offered opportunities for the observation ot American roaotlon to French plays. Despite her activities as translator and adaptor Miss Bonney finds time for original work. ambltloiiB and energetic, twenty; 'striking personality, seven; cavo man, I ten; jealous ot wife, fourteen; kind land thoughtful, seven; lover ot child,-' ron, six; chivalrous, fifteen; neat, six; good natured, eight; high Ideals, four; must love wife, twenty-five; serious minded, two; musician, five; real man, twonty; lover of art, ono; not goody-goody "j nor tho othor extromo, one. Ot all the qualities expected ot tholr future husbands, these twenty-five girls were unanimously on only ouo point—that their husband must lovo his wife, Idoes Morales dans le Theatre d'AJex- aud-ro Dumas Fils," brought to the SSVlft fx>ul» Idavd not only th .0 usual audience of amateurs of audi academic oiMoals but also many Parisian, Journalists and representatives of the 'theatrical world at largo, curious to learn what an American girl could add to French existing opinion on tho subject. That examination was the last chapter of a briUlaat acajiamte career bo- HUTCHINSON WOMAN TO ADDRESS SOCIAL MEET Caroline Fairdiild on Program for Convention at Lawrence in October. Miss Caroline Fairohlld, who has acted as school visitor at Hutchinson, an office which was created under the Joint jurisdiction ot tho local school board and tho Commonwealth Fund Survey of Now York in trying to find out means of combatting delinquency among cWldrou of the lower grades, | will apeak before the Kansas Council SEE HIGHER PRICES FOR WOOLEN GOODS Mills making woolen ami worsted coatings und dross-goods are engaged In filling orders takon early In tho season, but buyers seont -hesitant la operating for tho fnturo. ThlB cautious uttltude is attributed to tho varying opinions emanating from many eourcoa rogardlng tho coni- tlnued strensth or weaknoss of tho market for raw wool, a subject now being given serious consldoratlqu by dealers in raw wool, aud more especially by manufacturers ol woolen und worsted fabrics. Ia some Quarters manufacturers of The first woman telephone operator in Boston—and lu tho entire world, according to the Boston Globe-sat in a rocking chair at her Chelsea homo an afternoon recently and read tho news of tho Boston strike, thou lookod up over her glasses and said: "Yos, 1 was an operator in Boston In 1878, We got %i a week to start nnd a 60-cent raiso at tho end of six months-- und 60 cents a year raise— Bome years. Wo worked from 8 o'clock In the morning to G o'clock at night, and had a half hour off for lunch. Wo worked every other Sunday." This woman Is Miss Kiiima M. Nult. She went to work lu tha first tele- phono exchange ever organized in tho •world, lu 1S78, and remained with the telephone company until 1911, when Bbe was retired on a pension. Her Sister Thero, Too. Miss Niitt haa seen the telephone grow from about one hundred subscribers In tho ilruslnoss heart of Boston to Its prosont world-wide proportions. ..Hor slater Stella A. Nutt, went to work as operator lu Cue exchange tho same day and remained with tho company about six years whon slit married. Thoy both live together now. Miss lOmma's claim to priority lies in tho fact that she took her seat at an operator's table a few minutes be- f^ru her Hlster. In reality they were the two first women telephone operators In the world and If, for any reason they had struck at that time, all the women telephone operators lu tliu world would have been on strike. It was only February 12 ot the previous year —1877—before such a thing as a telephone oxehangu had -been hoard, of. The Boston Olobo used the telephone to transmit a lecture by Professor Hell, tho Inventor ot the telephone, it was this way: Professor Boll..delivered his lecture at tho Bssex Institute In Salem before a distinguished audience. Ho had his telephone with him on tho platronn und It was connected wllh tho phono in Boston, eighteen miles away, by means ot tho railroad company's wires. Thomas Watson sat at the Boa- ton end and talked to Dell In Salom so clearly that all In tho hall could hear tho voice and many could even hear the oxact words. Report Over Telephone. At that time Henry M. Ilatchelder. now president of the Merchants' National Bank ia Salom, was the Salom correspondent of tho Clobe. Professor Bell gave Mr. Hatcholder permission to send a report of tho meeting over tho telephone The experiment provod a great BUCCPSS and tho Globe story w»d copied all over the world. In fact that story did much to awaken tho world to the Importance of tho telephone. •Soon after this event Edwin T. Holmes organized that first little exchange on tho-fcccond floor of a building. It was a rathor c*rudo atlair when measured by present day methods. It wus organized at first to con- . noct the,various express offices In Boston with each other and hud about thirty-two subscribers. Tho growth was slow. Most people regarded It as an Interesting toy. At'tho end of tho first year Ihero wero only 23U telephones in tho entire w-orld, aud uiu.-it of those were lu Boston. _ Four Wires to Table. In that first llttlo oxehangu thoro was a long switchboard - like a telegraph switchboard- and when a eub- scrlber called a hater was uucovered on the switchboard, lu talking about It, Miss Emma Nutt said: "Tho operator sat at llttlu tables about tho size of a sowing machine table and thero were four wires at each table. The letter exposed on the switchboard was noted and the operator connected with that subscriber answored. The operator wrote on a llttlo ticket the namo of the aubsciibor wauted and a boy took the ticket to another table that was connecod with that particular subscriber and the necessary connection was made. Thero wero no numbers at that time, the names of the subscribers were used in making calls. But thero were so few subscriber;! that very little time was lost. "The present style of switchboard was riot developed until wo moved to 40 Pearl street In 1880. Now, as you know, the operator makes the connection directly." "How did they'happou to select you and your sister as tho first women operators?" "At that Lime we lived opposite Nat W. Lillie, who was superintendent of tho now telephone exchange. Wo knew him well, At the time they had all men operators-young men -but they were boisterous In Hie office and I guess they were sassy to the subscribers. They were very d'flicliH to handle. So, alter a lime, Mr, Mills thought he would try women for op- orators and ho came to us and asked us to try it—myself and my sMter. "Was Professor Bell around much?" "Yes, he used to come lu a good deal and stand behind watching us, Mr. Kdtson used to come in a good d'-al, too. He and Profeseor Bell were tpH-ni friends. -Mr. tilnke, who invented tho Bluko transmitter, was another who used to he around a good deal, and Mr. Watson, who helped mako tho first telephone, A good many people used to tome In and watch us work."
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month