The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland on October 14, 1939 · Page 8
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The Daily Mail from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 8

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Saturday, October 14, 1939
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THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD. f SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1939. Published every eveninf except •unday by The Mail Publishing- Com* • •• Hasrers- J. A. HAWKJCN Editor National Advertising Representative!: R urke, Kuipers & Mahoney. Inc. •w York. 1203 Graybar Buildinf; Chicago. 203 North Wabash Avenue: Atlanta, 1601 Rhodes-Haverty Build- ln»: Dallas, 807 Southwestern Life Building: Oklahoma City. 558 First National Building:. NO MEDIATION i Address all communications to Th« Dally Ma.il Editorial, Business or Circulation Department, not to individuals. §. E. PHILLIPS... General Manager C. * P. Phone 104-105-106 Bam» numbers reach all departments Member Audit Bureau of Circulation SUBSCRIPTION RATES (All Subscription Rates Payable in Advance) •ln*l* Copy OJ One Month 5» One Tear (by carrier) 6.00 By Mail (Up l<- Fourth Zone).. 6.00 Fourth, Fifth aud Sixth Zones. 8.50 Seventh and Eighth Zones 9.50 Entered at the postomce at Haf erstown as 2nd class matter Dec. 2. 1898. KEMBEB. OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tft« Associated Pr«st !• «xclus- Ively entitled to the use of publication of all news disp&tches credited to it .or not otherwise credited in this paper and also local n«w* published therein. All rtchts of publication of special dispatches herein are also resented. In Justice To Press Will Hays' office at Hollywood has demanded that motion picture producers stop caricaturing the American newspaper mam, No longer will the scribe b» portrayed on the screen as "ft drunkard who goes about 'cadging' drinks and generally conducting himself In a thoroughly offensive and unethical manner." And to this the journalists of the nation will shout a hearty "Amen!" Modern newspaper life has no room for the irresponsible Bohemian of tradition. It is an exacting field of activity, and the sooner the movie fans of America are made aware of th« fact the better it will be for public opinion as well as for the reputation of a craft that in adhering to the highest of personal standards. AND NOW IT'S FINLAND Although not unsympathetic toward the plight of small nations in these days when power is the controlling factor in determining national destir.ies, Americans find it difficult to work up more than an academic interest in the fate of the Baltic States of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. The seal of doom is ttpon them, regardless of how events in Europe eventually turn out It is taken for granted that they must accept either Germany w Russia as'their master, and that whatever they have enjoyed in the •ray o£ independence must end. With respect to Finland, how- *««r, the feeling cf Americans is quite different. They cannot view without emotion the possibility that this little land of frugal, honest and independent people, whose attitude toward their financial obligations has s'.ood out in refreshing contrast when compared with that of Europe generally, may suffer the fate of those lands that are too small and weak to resist the aggressions of mighty neighbors. The record of this twenty-year- old republic is one that stands out resplendently in a world of insolvency, of conflict and oppression. Finland is tV" only nation borrowing from the United States during the World "Var that has since met every payment when due. All of the- rest, even such wealthy and highminded Alii— as England and France, have defaulted. And Finland is ths only nation that has successfu'V werthered the worldwide depression. Through the courage, the integrity and the industry of its people, Finland has earned the right to survive. The little land's status is that of a symbol of all that is best in ths government of a people and in international relations. It is a beacon of enlightenment In a .dark world. Only a lew months ago when President Roosevelt took the initiative In an effort to maintain th« peace of Europe, H«rr Hitler and his inspired statesmen and presa were scornful. The President'! proposals were subjected to ridicule and abuse. Germany, it was mad* clear at the time, was quite capable of working out and controlling Europe's destinies. Now from Berlin comes the suggestion that Mr. Roosevelt assume the role of "peacemaker" for Europe. This manifest eagerness for American mediation is deeply significant of Germany's anxiety for the future. Combined with other aspects of the European situation, it is indicative- of an altered spirit, of gathering doubts and «ven of swiftly developing fear that Germany will r.ot be able to endure the ordeal of fire which, unless peace suddenly dawns upon the scene, it will b& compelled to face. Germany, in fact, has run its course and is at bay. Having conquered the pushovers—Spain, Austria, Czecho-Slovakia and Poland— the- Great Conqueror now faces a foeman worthy of his steel and, realizing the agony which th« future holds, draws back from the fearful prospect. Even now, with the war hardly a month old, the blockade is having its effects and the German people are enduring the pangs of want. Hitler realizes that when this suffering on the home front is intensified by the mounting casualties in battle, his hold on the loyalty and the support of the German people will be precarious, indeed. His indicated desire that President Roosevelt "mediate" a peace must accordingly be interpreted as a gesture of desperation, his first effort to prevent the ultimate triumph of those forces of destruction now beginning to encompass him. The United States ,however, must not permit itself to be drawn into what is palpably a maneuver by Hitler to save the spoils of his predatory operations and to escape retribution. It is creditable to the President's judgment that he shows no haste to take up the task of mediation. To do so would involve the country in complications which might assume serious forms and which could not be anticipated in advance. We would apporach our responsibilities in the matter with idealism and sincerity, qualities which would be altogether out of place in negotiations with such conscienceless realists as Hitler and Stalin, roering and Molotoff. Today's Hero Washington Daybook •By Preston Grover- WASHINGTON, Oct. 14.—Right "big brother" among the western A STRAW, poll in California •hows the ham-and-egg proposal , running behind. The smart pen»toner will nettle now for a western sandwich. n WITH food rationing already in~ tok«d in the war's first month, the w«n» wwtet may be no fad* BACK TO THE WARS The words of an old war song come to mind as one reads the announcement that fifteen pilots who fought in the Royal Air Force in the first world war have enlisted to fight again under the French flag. 'How're you going to keep them down on the farm?" is a fair enough question in a case like this. America is trying to keep as far from the arena of war as possible. Neutrality is now the chief aim of our government and people. But individuals still have freedom of action in this country. Six of the fifteen veterans who flew for the allies are American citizens. One of them abandoned his job in Cincinnati and paid his own way to Canada in order to enlist again. All of these men are over forty. They remember clearly the experiences of the first World War. They are old enough to have learned common sense, to have become cautious, to have espoused the cause of neutrality. However, they refuse to be kept safely down on the American farm or anywhere else. They will, if the French medical board in Canada passes them, form the nucleus of a new LaFayette Escadrille. Foreign volunteers are found in every war. China has had them. Spain found them rallying beneath her banners. They are the adventurers of the world. In many instances they are young men eager to see what is going on somewhere else, young men who haven't yet had an opportunity to weigh idealistic dreams against hard reality. But these veterans returning to the wars are qnite different. Perhaps they also have their dreams of recapturing something of lost now prospects for peace seem only moderate. Yet some persons see a possibility that President Roosevelt, by good diplomatic headwork, could score a grand slam by bringing peace not only to Europe but also to Asia. Washington did not respond immediately to Berlin's unofficial suggestion that the U. S. mediate. But that opportunity remains open. It is a "developing" situation. Wholly overshadowed by the European war, is the dawdling conflict in the Orient. Persons here with wide diplomatic contacts, especially with- far eastern figures, say the time already has arrived when the U. S. could put an end to the Japanese-Chinese affair with one warm gesture. The hitch lies in the fact that the warm gesture would have to be made toward Japan. That would take considerable public "preparation." Americans lately have become soured on the Japanese. Americans are disposed to call for hard treatment—not for warm gestures. * * * We Arc Japan's Silk Stocking District But that Japan is more amenable to U. S. influence just now is clear. She has asked to revive the trade treaty denounced by the U. S. last July. She can't afford to lose her major source of international spending money—her large sale of silk to America. The U. S. could use that situation to press upon Japan for improved conditions in the Orient. nations, as she once had in Eng- and. That relationship was ended In 1922, when the U. S., as a condition of naval disarmament, insisted that the British-Japanese al- iance be dissolved. Prior to the dissolution of that xeaty, British diplomatic influence had kept Japan from such blunders as her new Chinese policy. * * * Japan Could Sell Guns To Europe The exact course for U. S. mediation to follow in the Orient isn't 'ully charted even in the minds of those now advocating it. Roughly the idea is this: The U. S. would prepare for mediation under circumstances which would permit Japan to "save face" n the Orient in her withdrawal from her present policy of pacification by conquest. It might be possible for Japan to say, as has Germany in the case of Poland, that she has accomplished her purpose in China. Diplomacy can readily handle such matters. A more important aspect is Ja pan's need for an internationa' JUST FOLKS By EDGAR A. GUEST What on TRIUMPH earth can he expectec more of any man than this That his day should be deserving of his children's welcoming kiss That his mind stay free from ma lice and his home stay bright with cheer And his neighbors give approval to his conduct through the year? I Fame and fortune 7iiean but little Man may both of them attain And still be a fearful creature- selfish, cruel, sly and vain. While another not so grasping anc content with winnings small Mav be everywhere respected and admired by one and all. It is difficult, precisely here to judge another's worth. Sometimes the richest spirits owi the fewest ?oods of oarth And sometimes the fattest, purses and the fruitfulest of lands Fall by curious circumstances into most unworthy hands. So the final test of triumph doesn' lie in gain or skill, And it isn't strength of muscle and it isn't strength of will. It's in something fine and tende by the soul of man possessed Which achieves the admiration o the ones who know him best. youth and hierh spirits which mad life worth living even on the bat- tl» line twenty years ago- One suggestion wag that the XL S. Invite Japan, as a prelude, into an informal group of neutral nations, including the Americas, Japan and Italy. The central idea would be to discuss keeping out of the European squabble. From an economic standpoint that could be tremendously inviting to Japan. The munitions and airplanes she now is using against Chinese could be sold in Europe. Japan might recover part of the terrific losses she has suffered. The thing has. real possibilities, as seen by observers here. It could be worked independently of the European "business, so that "U. S. influence could.be credited with some accomplishment toward peace. There is time in which to work. The trade treaty denounced by the United States does not die until January, time enough for diplomacy to turn the trick. RECORD CLAIMED Los Angeles, Oct. 14 (/p).—Clyde Schlieper and West Carroll, young Long Beach aviators, claimed a new endurance record for light planes Friday after passing the 344,hour mark in the air at 5 P. M. (PST). They continued their flight with the announced purpose of trying to exceed the 30-da3 r endurance record for planes of all classes. WHAT'S THIS-) YHAI 5 lirufO I A THIS YOUR NEWS I.Q- WEEK By The AF Feature Service 1. Is "Fritz" a name used by French troops for (a) a new type airplane bomb, (b) a German, or (c) a deserter? 2. The New York Yankees won the World Series from Cincinnati in five fames. True or false? 3. Who is the Polish patriot, right, and under what circum- * stances did he get which big [ Polish job? 4. By what name does the world know Joseph Vissarion- ovich Dzugashvili? 5. What was the main deci- sion of the recently-concluded Pan-American conference in Panama? 6. Germany is repatriating Germans in the Baltic States. True or false? 7. What does th* Johnson act do? 8. Fill the blanks: Thirty- eight members of the Parliament were arrested. 9. Who is this former governor, left, and what is his new job? 10. Where are the Aaland Islands? Each question counts !0; « tcora of 60 11 fair, 60 good. (Answers Found On Page 10) DISPELLING THE FOG By Charles Michchon Director of Publicity, Democratic National Committee We hare it on the authority of the Republican National Committee, if we are to assume that Senator Nye's speech—which that body circulated—represents what the lommittee desires, that retention of the existing arms embargo is the first requisite for American peace. Furthermore the- same source tells us that to repeal it would he "the most important step toward our eventual participation 11 the war in Europe." At the same time William Allen White, the most eminent among Republican publicists, announces limself as Chairman of the movement for a National Non-Partisan ommittee for Peace. He has issued a telegram to leaders of national thought to join him in urging the repeal of the existing neutrality act, advising them, among other arguments, that "by repealing the arms embargo our country is no longer aiding Hitler to the disadvantage of the democracies, who are resisting the spread of dictatorship." The last Republican candidate for President, Governor Landon; Senator Taft, one of the hopeful candidates for the G. 0. P. nomination next year; former Secretary of State Stimson; the New York Herald Tribune, foremost Republican newspaper, and a flock of other conspicuous spokesmen for the minority party accept and advo-' cate the same principles of Mr. White's announcement. Now I wonder, and the country gene-rally must wonder, where the leadership of that party actually resides? The G. O. P.'t No-Policy Policy I anticipate that the author of the publicity for the Republican National Committee will not admit that the- circulation of Senator Nye's address makes it responsible for the Senator's views. He will probably point to the circumstance that the Democratic organization circulates the views of Senators and others, who urge the embargo repeal. Of course we do, but we make no mystery of our stand for a measure asked for by a Democratic administration, and for which the Democratic majorities in Congress stand. According to Editor White, "To revise- the neutrality law goes as far as human ingenuity can to lessen the danger of American involvement." According to Gerald Nye, who diversifies his senating with Chat- auciua lectures. France and England "know that once this first step (embargo repeal) is taken it will be comparatively easy to get rid of any cash-and-carry requirements, and of the Johnson Act forbidding loans to nations that have forgotten to pay us what they owe us from the last war." Just why Senator Nye feels that almost automatically the Johnson Act, and the cash-and-carry provisions would be discarded is rattier difficult to fathom. Nobody has suggested the one, and the administration specifically asks for the other in the proposed revision of the present law. ludeed the pvo- gram to insist on belligerents taking away what they buy, after they have paid for it, in their own ships and at their own risk, suggests anything but a desire to permit incurring other debts by England and France. War Their Problem—Unemployment Our« One of the arguments in favor of eliminating the embargo, which destroys our legitimate trade, and helps nobody but the Hitlerites, is that American merchants and manufacturers should not be deprived of a market that would take care of our unemployment dilemma. Even Russia, co-partner in the rape of Poland ,is asking Scandinavian countries to lease her ships on which to carry her products to England, her half-way enemy. Besid-es this, the Soviet is selling to Germany, or any other country that wants to purchase, anything she can spare and buying of them anything she needs, and the same rule applies to every other country that has anything to se D—with the only exceptions unfortunate little nations under the actual or potential domination of Hitler. This war was none of our making, unless it may he that our restrictions encouraged the gangster nations, because of the difficulties it aroused in the matter of export? to the democracies. It is an advantage in position that Italy and Russia are where they can supply Germany, just as it would he a bargo. The idea that we are doing something in the interests of peace by selling materials from which such war engines as planes and tanks are built, but forbidding the export of the finished products, is an absurdity. It simply means that, for example, Canadian workmen will be- employed to assemble the war machines, while American workmen remain out of jobs. Does anybody imagine that if our country happened to he at war, any European nation would be kind enough to either us or our hypo- thetical enemy to abstain from supplying war needs to either because the other was handicapped in the matter of protected transportation? It is all being threshed out in the debate in Congress where, with infinite patience, the majority ii listening to long speeches from the minority, a process that will continue for weeks. They da not call it filibustering even, thoilsh one senator announced that he might, in the course of his speech, read newspaper editorials and accounts of the war of twenty years ago, for' four hours. It is a tedious process, but we are more or less used.to it. Perhaps the debate will last long enough for the oflicial Republican organization to make up its mind whether it is for or against the revision of the neutrality bill. Man About Manhattan •• ' Bv George Tucker NEW YORK, October 16.—Impossible events come to pass along Broadway. Every girl who thinks she can dance or sing or act often dreams of walking cold into the office of a producer or bandleader and boldly asking for a job — and getting it. Four years ago a girl who thought she could sing walked into a room where Louis Prinia was rehearsing a swing band, and asked for a. chance to show him how well she would fit into his organization. Prinia asked her to sing several numbers. "You have a nice voice," he told her, "but you lack style." Without charging her anything Louis began teaching her. After awhile she would drop into his place in 52nd street and sing a number or two each evening, with the band. She got the "feel" of swing band crooning. This was a lot of fun, and it was good practice. One night while she was "practicing" a film scout called her over and offered her a tiny part in one of Bing Crosby's pictures. She came out of this "bit" with a name of her own, and you'll recognize it as Martha Raye. * * * A few nights ago a quite pretty, demure little girl whose age is 17 and whose name is Patricia Miller, left her mushroom sandwich half eaten and advanced to the bandstand This was Hickory House, and Louis Prinia (he does get around) was again on hand. She wondered, please, if Mr. Prima would let her sing a song, just one, little song. Most band leaders are pestered unmercifully with people in public places, and ordinarily Prima would have said he was sorry but not now. In this instance he surprised himself by saying, okay. Do not leap to conclusions. She ig not a strange glamorous unknown who leaped from obscurity to the big time. She hasn't done anything yet. But she sang that night "It's like this," Prima r mumbled, "You have a nice voice, but you lack style." So he is teaching her style . . . But not in public places, where film scouts can drift by and take hii discoveries away to Hollywood. If this girl is another Martha Ray«, Prinia wants to make the discovery himself—and not by going to the movies. Rest Social Club." In Chambers street is a window with a most peculiar sign: "The But In thli window is a machine-gun, a trench helmet, a hand grenade, and a bayonet. I can't figure it-out. The fight in the Stork Club the other night between. Sidney Solomon, who used to run the Central Park Casino, and George White, producer of the "Scandals," adds two more names to the long list ot notable* who have setled their differences with fists in public places. Everybody remembers the flght between Max Eastman, who wrote "Enjoyment of Laughter," and Ernest Hemingway, who is famous for "Death in the Afternoon" in the office of their publisher a couple of years back. Rudy Vallee has been in half a dozen squabbles; Sinclair Lewis, the author, exchanged blows with a fellow author at a hanqttet in New York. Sherman Billiugsley, owner of the Stork, was so angered that both contestants, aud indeed all people who ever have Indulged in public brawls, have been forbidden his door. Which, if you aslt me, is rashness of a most amazing character considering how many customers of the night spots are on that blacklist. * * * Douglas McPhail. Youngster with a voice three times as big as he is. Singled from the chorus by Jeanette MacDonald when the voice boomed out. Married to Betty Jaynes, another youthful warbler. Both sing in "Babes in Arms." . . . The hairy Ainus of Japan are » primitive race occupying a position comparable to that of the In* dian In America. CUSHION AGAINST WAR? UNITED^STATES FALKLAND IS. (BR.) T1ERRA DEL FUE6O O c e disadvantage to the British and French for us 10 continue the em- countries. The shading indicates the "American safety zone" proposed at tha neutrality conference of American republics, meeting at Panama. Warring nations would be asked to consider the zone neutral territory and refrain from belligerent activities while in it. The area probably would he patrolled by naval vessels of the United States and other American DICK TRACY —SLIPS OVHR BANK WITH THE BARREL AMD DOWN IKJ THE: A HLV5E TRUCK ROLU5 DOWM THE HIGHWAY AMD APPROACHES THE CURVE — TOO LATE:/ THE DR\VER FEHJ5 THE FROTAT WUEELS LOSE TRACTTOM AS THEY STRXKHiTHB OU_. THE TRANSPORT ^UTHER- AND SLIDES ... TURN OVER ANY . SECOND/

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