The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 26, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Friday, January 26, 1945
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THE lOLA REGISTER VOLUME XLVIIJ No. 78 The Weekly Kegister, Established 1867: The lola Daily Register, Estoblishcd 1897. State Historical Society Gomp. KAS, FRIDAY EVENINd, JANUARY 26, 1945. ,SnceenOTito Th« lola Daily Begister, Th« lola Daily Beeoid. and lola Daily ^dex. SIX PAGES Prized Glark Field Seized by Americans Roll On Toward Manila Japs Show No Signs Of Making Stanii Short Of Capital Cityi; Hard Fight On North Flank Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 26. (AP)—Clark Field, with its ' 17 air.strips within .striking distance nf the China coa.st, was rirmly in American hands today alon^^ with adjacent Fort Stotsenburg. • Triumphant Yanks rolled- on South again.st such light opposition that combat Officers expressed doubt the Japanese would make a determined fight short of Manila, some 40 miles South. Vast Clark Field, most highly tieveloped aviation center in the Philippines with its extensive network of landing strips, shops and other installations, was | captured early Thursday by Maj. Qen. Oscar W. OriswoWs 14th armyjcoips. The Americans found fjew Japanese hut numerou.s land rnines and booby traps ns they swarmed over Clark in pursuit of an enemy garrison of perhaps 5,000 which fled into the hills where artillery positions could keep the airstrips uiusable. Joy to MacArthnr The main body of Japanese was being hounded by American artillery'. Gen. Douglas MacArtljur's com­ munique today said "our forces are engaged in clearing enemy troops from I he nearby hills." Capture of Clark Held, certainly a major prize of the war constituted a personal satisfaction for MacArthur whose main air .st|rength in the Philippines was wipcjd out in December. 1941. as Japanese dive- bomb<'rs struck dcvafetatlnij; blows Id open the Nlpjxjnise ct)nqui 'Kt of the i.sliind:;. ' Sixth ;irmy Yank-s moved onto Clark Fidel so ffust the ; Japane.se failed to put up a stiff flphl from defen.ses cincfullv dug In'o ridge;, ut the northern approacheis. Pn.sh Field Maj. Gen. Raup Brush's 40th divi- .sion overran the fielri nnn Fort Stoisenbur?. a lar^'e military inst.il- lation before 'he war. and then Tokyo Says Americans Mass for New Attacks The Tokyo radio .said today American ships and troops are being massed in the Philippines for new attack-s. Tlie unconfirmed broadffi .st. recorded by the Federal Coni- municalions, linked bombardment of Corregidor and carrier aircraft attacks on Formosa and Olilnawa, with Japanese reixDrts that increasing numbers of U. S. surface craft are moving into Linfeayen bay of Luzon island and waters south of ihe Island. The Japanese Domel news agency said in a dispatch intercepted by FCC that "the enemy intends to attempt new airborne operations on Luzon." Tlie story .said a "sizeable force" of American airborne units have been assembled on Leyte in the central Philippines. Clark Field Capture Birthday Gift to "Mac" General MacArthur's Headquarters. Philippines, Jan. 26. I A P) — Spearheading American infantn,' on Luzon island presented Clark Field, one of the greatest single military prliMs in the Philippines, as a birthday present today to Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger. Today is MacArthur's 65th birthday, and the 64th for Kreuger, comm.ander of the Sixth army. The two generals celebrated their joint birthday anniversary by commanding a victorious army in the islands where each began his active career a.s a coninii.ssioned officer. Rotary Has Twin Bill Review of "Oklahoma;" Captain Explains Service Allotments Fight Hitfe^ From France German Refugees Work In Collaboration With Underground in Rddi By LOUIS P. LOCHHKR Pai^, Jan. 26. (AP)—Ocrman exiles and refugee in Franeei including former army officers, aije carrying' on an active anti-Hltlerlan resisti^ce movement involving dangerous collaboration with iaeabers of the German tmderground. SeV^n million propaganda leaflets have been introduced Ipto Germany!, by one group of d^Umin4d yoimg men in France, jxusb ivow Date Limit On Stamps Food Ration Coupons Again Have Definite Invalidation Dates Washington, Jan. 26. fAP)—The OPA today reestabUshed a policy of definite invalidation dates for food ration stamps, with each series good roughly four months. As at present, a new series of red stamps for meat and dairy products and blue stamps for processed food will be validated each month. In- j stead of being good indefinitely, however, they will expire after about 16 weeks. The agency al.so re.stored its expiration policy for sugar stamps. The musical comedy, "Oklahoma" wlilch has had phenomenal success on the stage, -was reviewed before the Tola Rotary, club last night by Mrs. Milton Worthington who gave a brief synopsis of the story and sang six or seven.of the songs in the play. ' - • • "Oklahoma" is imique in several ways. Both in Chicago and New Yorlc it has had unusually long runs and tickets to performances are almost impossible to obtain. It is one of the few musical comedies which have appeared in book form and it was this book which Mrs. Worthington reviewed. The book contains the lyrics but not the musical scores of the songs wl'ich form an important part of the play. Mrs. Worthington obtained the latter. She was accompanied by Miss Elizabeth Sifers on the piano. Capt. Miller Speaks After Mrs. Worthington's review. Col. T. F. Limbocker introduced as his pruest Capt. Albert L. Miller of the Office of Dependency Benefits who has been in lola the past three days interviewing relatives of serv- months Instead of two and a half announcing that coupon No. 34—the ; icemen who are now receiving fam- only one now good—may not be used : ilv allowances, after February 28. Tlie ODB. Capt. Miller explained, .May Shorten Period is the department of the army serv- Sugar stamp No 35. good for five ' ice forces which administers fam- pounds beginning February 1. will ; ilv allowances and Cla^ E aUot- be valid through June 2. Overlap- i mrnts-of-pay on behalf of more ping thLs coupon, a new stamp is t-^an 14 million dependents of army due to be validated May 1. OPA "^V} ^J^° women. „ , ^ . j.^jjj It has two equally Important A .S previuuslv announced, the new f"'-ct|o»«- enriphasized. One Is to sugar stamp will hiue to las: three p^'* tljf bona fIt^e dependenU get ^ !what thev are entitled to: the other also get and that ineligible I Di 'iions. Prohe Questionable Cases Capt. Miller.is working with the filed investliration branch of the ODB and it has been his job to in- vcjiiiate questionable cases which have run all the way from simple misunder.^tandings as to some phase of eUaibility to outright fraud. The most common case he Inves- tiyates is that of a "dependent" who it wajif done or who did it taas^, re^ main's a secret at present. -But the fact is that two dozen ardent; antl^ Nazis-risk their lives constantly <p passii£g handbills, news sh^ts and appeals into German territory. TrainlMore Vohmteera I have met several of these men. Some were deserters froni Hitler's army" las It fled from Frahce after D-dayi Others were Laborltes who quit Cfermany in 1933. All had assumed napies. They told me 49^ JBd- ditional volunteers wer^ tt^Q? trained for this work wiBi more to foUW. Leaflets circulated amohg^ German troops acquaint them with conditSsns at home, desc^^be dra- matic^ly. how German pitteth are being flattened whUe the Naal-rt*ih. ies carry on their hopetedH fit^tl and recall pompous predieniMU) of victory^ made by the Fuehrer at' various tjmes. The^most recent pamphlets contrast the facts of the Soviet drtve with Hitler's assertion latje to ^1 that "She Russian arnjy wfll' mwer recover from the deadly bIo«B> we have Inflicted upon it." Play On Love of Home A Christmas edition of a little four-page paper entitled "Volk vpaA Vaterland" seemed especially effective, for it played upon the sentimental attachment of the average , German to this time-hallowed fes- | Take Clark Field Li Son FerrHindo MILES •30 'Sofluio Pozorrubio Kotolet ... • GeroM :€omiliii9 a* Toftoc Lo^»» pnica Bomb^ ^LUZON fMobolacot MololoC tORREGlDOR Yanks surije across the great ClaJ-k Field cluster of airdromes and move on toward Manila. All eleven airstrips of the field ap- par&htly were taken without a major battle. montlis a.s in the past. If supplies;the taxpayers improve, the latter ration period ^^^^ entitled to £ will be restored and liu- ..vcrlai. ' "'"^'''"""'••^ P"''^ ' time when two slani)j.s in:iy l>c med will be increased to one ;iii(J ;i hall mtntlis. OPA said. Colder Weather Is Moving In iHvTnrefi n'-trols five miles i^uth lo i '^°P«'"' Ja"- 26. iAP i --Li£;)-.t rt.in oither never was or no longer is de- nd%anced p.-tiois uve mues .soum . ^^^^ ^j^^^ ^^.^^^ ^.e^ther : pendent in fart upon the soldier Ls forecast lor southwestern Kan-.; vi-h,)se .illotment is being received: sas tomorrow. Skies were cl^ar in a mother, for example, who was de- most of the state this morning but pendent on her son before the war Meantime the 37th division of i <=^''"'^ were expected to move into ^ho has obtained a job since, Meanumc me j,ui u:5ibiuii .western sections tonight. ' .ivho i<; now self-supporting and Snow still covered the ground in therefore no longer entitled to the Angeles on a mni.'i Manila high- ,wa v Engineer.? followed to put^ the field into shape. y Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beighter sent patrol screens .across the valley to | ^^^^^^^ K&nsR^ where Goodland ft- dependency'allow-ancc. '''>''i'./hV7hrhiahw .v ^wr^ P°^^^^ - ^^'"-'"^^ ''l^"'^'"^ =inci: X"? he'told of investigating the imit reached h'^h'^ay lo'.n of ^^^^ ^.^^ ^^^^ .^^^^ ^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ Magalane 10 miles east of ClarK. j^^^^^^^^ ^.^re recorded in the last; ceiving an allowance as mother of a On Parallel Koaas 24 hours at Topeka. Concordia. : o-i-vear-old soldier. The "mother." This "';^'^^\llf':'°J'lZT con! Wichi'a and Dodge City. i ^-hen .he showed up for the inter- on parallel highways '•njcn con | temperatures today were expected , yj ^.-j,-. turned out to be 27 years old, >._. -= 43 after ac-uallv g gj^j frfend of the soldier esterday at ^V^Q w-as deUfaerately defrauding the Concordia. Lowest reported last •• government out of a fake allowance night was 17 at Goodland but thc,cf a month. Mercury barely got below freezing seek Cooperation in eastern Kansas. Capt. Miller said that questionable Readings of 35 to 40 were fore-:cases in this county were consider- east for tomorrow but even that. below average but that he Weatherman S. D. Flora commented.; hoped citizens here, as everywhere^ "i.=nt bad for midwinter." i would keep their eyes open and re: jport any cases of family aUowances RITA HAYWORTH-S which do not aopear to be strictly MOTHER DIES i in accord with the law. Tanta Monica. Calif.. Jan. 26. Bri?. General Harold N. Gilbert tival. i Illustrations of peacetime families under Christmas trees decorated; with candles and bells were obviously calculated to awaken nos- taleia for a Germany at peace. Geripan resistance members In France said the first outstanding results', of their efforts were achieved during the withdrawal of the German armies from France. Posters, naUed on fences and btilletln hoards.^n the path of the retreating German units,, gave them a terse picture; of the hopelessness of their posltlojj and urged them to surrender. "We: feel certain our appeals aren't *ln vain," said one; member of the resistance movement. "Numerous desertions prove this/' iStrt. Glen Wayman No Longer Captive Glen which converge 15 miles to the south ut San ( Fernando, capital of Pampanga i'° ''^"^^ between 35 and 45 province. Prom there the : hiuhway . '^'"'"5 a high of 50 yesterd; threads berwecn two extensive raai)shes along the home stretch to Manila, where Filipinos are reported starviner by the hundreds daily. At Ma^alans the Americans flanked .Mi. Arayat. where the Japanese had been expected to put up a defense against Yank colunins moving down the eastern side of the central Luzon plain. Heaviest lichting of the Luzon campaign .still was north iind east of the Linpayen gulf beachhead. Maj. Gen. Inni-s P. Swift's First corps had lo fight for everV inch of ground. ' Ralph Jordan Johnson Wins Four Awards Ralph Jordan Johnson, igunner's mate, 3-c. has been awarded two Bronze Stars and two Blue Stars during his 18 months in the navy, it was revealed on his recfent visit to hLs wife and children. Donna Lee and Ralph. Jr.. and parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ora L. Johnson, all of whom live at 423 South Colborn. Before his induction into the navy Johnson was employed by I the Pet Milk company. His ship lias been engaced in escorting cohvfjys and has been under enemy attack four times in the South Pacific. iHe participated in the landings ujiwn Sai- pan and the Marshall Islands. After spending his leavp ^th his family here he is noW en route to the coast to resume activje duty. Plan Wolf Hunt 'West of Savonburj inday h wolf hunt will be ^ of Savonburg next Sunday afternoon in the same locality where during a '<A num- four coyotes were killed similar hunt last spring, ber of lola sportsmen ard planning to attend. The men will gather at the Odense schoolhouse £t|'l p. m. No rifles and no dogs wm be permitted. Albert "Dutch" iDeMerritt wi|l be in charge. All interested faf Invited to participate, west (API— Mrs. Volga Cansino. mother is director of the Office of Depen- of film actress Rita Hayworth. died dency Benefits, and communcatlons at St. John's hospital last night fol- may be addressed to his headquar- lowing a week's illness. Miss Hay- ters at Newark. New Jersey, at any worth was at the bedside. time. Luxembourg Prize Spot of Europe According to Son of Former lolatis HumVioldt. Jan; 26—S-Sgt. Wavman. who has been a prisoner of the Japanese since April, 1942. Is now tree, and expects to rettmi to the Uriited States in the near future, aiicording to information received here by his uncle and aimt. Mr. and Mrs. Ward Barricklow. He Is the ^n of Mrs. Cordia Wayman. Livermpre. California. Sgt. .Wayman was a gunner In the army air corns and stationed, nt Clark Field at the beeinnlni? of the war. He was captiured and put In Prison Camp No. 1 at ^a:riils. No word had been received from him for many months and hte motherrand other relatives believed that he had died. TTnon', reioinine American troops he wirpd hLs mother as follows:— "I have been through, Hell, but hope tch be home soon." Exupft Earlv Showdown On Poll Tax Issue ' Miss Jessie M . Fry. clerk of the district court, recently received the following letter, wxitten by her nephew, Cpl. George A. Fry. to his parentis. Mr. and Mrs. Vene D. Fry, former lolans, now living at Fairfax, Oklahoma. Cpl. Frj' Is a member of a reconnaisance squadron with an armored division which is probably part of the Third army. 24 December. 1944 Luxembourg .stepped out of a window dressed in evening clothes and a white jacket (we were freezing cold— about 10 above and snow all over the ground^ and passed out glasses of wine: a little boy came up with a bottle of Schnapps and gav? us all a drink (I gave him a D ration bar—a very concentrated chocolate, and was he delighted!): the proprietor of the hotel invited us in I where it was warm in the lobby and Dear Mother and Daddy: i gave us all another drink of wine; We have moved to the swellest | a civilian came up with a sack of little counio' in Europe and I don't j apples and insisted we all take a mean maybe. We are now located ; handful. The women were all very in Luxembourg which, when you I well dre.<;.sed in fur coats, etc., and look it up on the map. is a very i several housewives stopped to smile small nation—dhubt if it is as bie I and chat with us and welcome us as Osage county—but it Ls one | to Luxembourg. I'm telllne you it dandy spot. We stopped in the City of Luxembourg yesterdav and it was as near to being civilized a.^ anything I've seen since enterine this Godforsaken continent—hotels everywhere, even saw some Neon .siens: shop windows were filled with merchandise, streets were neat and °ven swent—and liest of all, neonle seemed to love us. Once we stooped in front of a hotel and while we Mfeie waiting for the order to move on a waiter was absolutely imbelievable how nice these peoole were to us. And all the time' there was an air-raid Boine on and a big dog-fight rieht overhead between ours and the German planes. In the hotel we went to the restroom and found ninnlne water and m'idern nlunjbinB —absolutely un- the j heard of in France—hope to eood- ness I dont have to enter Prance a?ain excent to eet on a boat for home. I looked in the window of (Continued on Page 9, No. 1) Atlanta, Jan. 26 fAP)—The poU tax Issue seemed headed today for an ear^ leel<slatlve showdown In two of-the eleht states retalnhisr the levylas a voting prerequlsl6e and In two "others there were signs of apnroachlng fights. In Georgia it was a clear-cut repeal fight. In Tennessee the effort was to lighten or restrict the levy, repeal there being possible only by! constitutional amendmait. South Carolina and Alabama efforts also 'were toward modification and not aba^onment of the restriction: The Weather KANS^lS—Fair east, inereasinic clondinen west portion* toni^t, warmer extreme west portion; lowest temjieratare 25-30; Saturday mostly dandy, light rain or snow 5outhwc*$, eolder west. Temperatiu-e—^Highest for the 24 hours eliding S p. m. yes^day, 49, lowest last night 38; normal for today 33; excess yesterday 8; excess stace January 1. 73 d^ees; this date last year—highest 69; lowest 50. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date, .25; deficiency since January 1, £5 inches. Stmrise 8:32 a. m.: set 6:37 p. m. Thermograph Readings EaAng 8 a, m. Today. 9 a. m. , 30 9 p. m _34 10 a. m....32 10 p. m 32 11 a. m. 35 11 p. m _.30 12 noon 36 12 m 30 1 p. m. 36 1 a. m. 29 2 p. m _ 39 2 a. m. 28 3 p. m 43 3 a. m. 39 4 p. m. 47 4 a. m. .._...._.28 5 p. m 49 5 a. m 6 p. m. 44 6 a. m. :.28 7 p. m.' 37 7 a. m. .28 8 p. m. 35 8 a. m. 28 Ships Rake Iwo Jima t!ask Force Joins Air I|lanes in Pounding J^p Island Stronghold Aboard a battleship Off Iwo Jlma, {Jan. 24. (Via Navy Radio). (Delayed). (AP):^triking 750 miles from Tokyo this Snighty battleship accompanied by crlusers and destroyers pounded Iwo ^Ima today seeking to blast the enemy's tmderground positions on this last major stronghold southeast bf Japan. (This is the first disclosure that a battlfehip particiisated in twmbard- Ing t|ie fortress-llice island.) Cans, Rip Island jCnilsing slowly along the shore, the tesk group tipped the island ffoifl Ahe level lands on the north to the dominating volcanic peak on the souttem tip. Only wherf stonn clouds and rain forced the withdrawal of spotting planes did the relentless bombard­ ment'of the 16 rnch rifles of the battlCBhip, the.eiyht Inchers of the cruis^, and the' .smaller gt^ns of the d^troyers halt. As Ihe force steamed away, three cargo ships were left in WTCckage. Results "Satisfactory" On;the little island, four by two miles, which dominates the Volcano group; hundreds of '.shells tore into the Airfields, heavy artillery positions,.unloading and dock areas and dual purpose batteries. "I was very will satisfied with the results. All primary targets were pin-p6inted." said the commander of the/force. East Prussia Trap Si)rung on Nazis THE ROAD TO BERLIN • (By the Associated Press) 1-f-Eastern Front: 125 miles (by'Soviet army newspaper Red Stap account: presumably from Steihau area). 2-i-Western Front: 310 miles (frojn Linnich - Julich - Duren area). 3-^Italian Front: 544 miles (frcfei Reno river). AlUes Hold 40-Mile Roer Front Germans Flee Siegfried Line Before Advancing Yanks; Seventh Army Smashes Nazi Offensive By JAMES M. LONG Paris, Jan. 26. (AP)—The American Ninth army captured the last four-mile section of the Siegfried line before it today and with the British Second army closed up to the Roer river all the 40 airline miles from Holland to Below Duren. strangely, the'Cermans had abandoned the Hitleiian fortfications and fled to the Cologne plain east of the Roer. The white-clad men of the Nhith closed ta. within 25 miles of Dusseldorf, 12 pf Munchen Olad- bach and 20 of Cologne in a limited attack which .overran Brachelen (pop. 5,000) and six nearby industrial villages of - Rhenish Prussia. Fighting in an Alsatian blizzard, the V. 3. 7th army cleared the entire south bank 1 of the Moder river 16 miles above 5trasbotirg late today and stamped out the gains achieved In a new German offensive moimted yestwday •with seven strongly armored divisions. American lines were rest<^ed completely. Close to Frontier The First and Third armies drew close to the German frontier in the Ardennes sectloE^ and in many long stretohes were looking across the Ovu- river into the Siegfried line in the center of the western front. The Roer bffliks provided Gen. Elsenhower with a potential springboard for a de<3sive lunge into the forests of chlmfieys of the German Ruhr and Rblneland. The river possibly is frozen. Zero or near zero weather has prevailed most of this week. The Gei-mans repeated speculations of a new AUied offensive, and told of Americans massing west of Julich, 25 miles west of Cologne. Russian writers also said that ah Allied drive was perhaps imminent.) Save Rationed Shells With flame throwers ready but with field batteries saving their strictly rationed shells, the 102nd Ozark division advanced up to four miles on the Ninth anhy front. They seized 97 Siegfried pillboxes, some ten feet thick, in a sector from 10 to 18 miles insifle Germany. Foul weather limited aerial punishment of the Germans who" still were withdrawing^, eastward and northeastward from the Ardennes, possibly to bolster the fluid Russian front. After being paralyzed by debris- chcked roads and wreck-strewn rails and being compelled to shift their main movement to the south, the enemy yesterday was able to resume his northeastward trek from the Ardennes. American planes in the center, however, were able to destroy or damage 1,700 or so more vehicles. The War at a Glance (By the Assopiated Press) Western Front: U. S. Ninth and British troops cleared entire west bank of Roer river for 40 airline miles from Holland to below Duren. Americans stemmed Nazi advance in Alsace, refined some irround in Hagnenau area above imperilled Strasbourg; French continued attack on Colmar pocket; BrKLsh caved salient in German sonthem flank between Roermond and Gellenkirchen in quickening gains; .Americans in central sector drove closer to German border. Russian Front: Breslaa reported isolated; flanking movement swept north of Poznan, 139 miles east of Berlin; East Prussia cat off; Red army gained in drive on CzechosloTakia. Italian Front: Patrol activity reported. Pacific Front: Clark Field on Luzon firmly held by Americans; main body of Japanese pounded by tJ. S. artillery; Malang reached on U. S. left flank, 10 miles east of Clark Field. Ration-Free "Odd Lot- Shoe Sale Washington, Jan. 26. (AP)—OPA today authorized a ration-free "odd lot" sale of men's and women's shoes, beginning February 19 and ending March 3. The agency estimated that more than 4,500,000 pairs of shoes will be sold during the two-week ration holiday. This represents only about 3 per cent of rationed shoes in wholesale and retail .stocks. The last ration-free "odd lot" sale wis held July 10-30. 1944. when 5,785,000 pairs were sold. That sale Included youths' and boys' shoes (sizes 1 to 6), but these have been excluded this time. The sale price for shoes from a retailer's stocks must be at least 25 per cent below the" regular price. The retailer's mark-up on shoes P'archa.sed from another dealer must not exceed per cent. May Fire On U. S. Coast From "Artillery Subs" Ixjndon. Jan. 26. (AP)—The French news agency today quoted Ankara reports that one of Germany's new secret weaixins is an "artillery submarine" which might be used for terror bombardments of American coastal cities. Neutral travelers who reached the Turkish city were declared to have said the submarines were in the final stages of construction. But the program was reported delaved by . patriot sabotage .so that there was I have dreamed about 24 German Divisions Isolated White Russian Army Smashes to Bay of Danzig; Other Forces Near Brandenburg Line London, Jan. 26. (AP)—' Marshal Konstantin K. Ro- kossovsky's Second White Russian army has burst through the last German defense along the border of the former free state of Danzig and East Prussia, reaching the Bay of Danzig and isolating completely the German forces in East Prussia from the rest of Germany. With the capture of Marlenburg, announced by Stalin, the Russians stand only 24 miles from the city of Danzig, where the Second World War started September 1, 1939. It was estimated here that perhaps 25 German divisions were cut off In East Prussia. Marienbtttg Is on the main rail line from Berlin to Konlgsberg. Brandenburg Threatened Russian troops steamed past Poznan in an audacious drive westward toward the frontier of German Brandenberg, which Berlin broadcasts said was already threatened. Marshal Stalin announced that four more towns In southeastern approaches to Konlgsberg, capital of East Prussia, had been captiu-ed. Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov, leaving Poznan to be cleared by the infantry and artillery, carried the groimd war closer to Berlin than at any time since the beginning of the war. At its closest point the Brandenberg frontier is only' 91 miles from Berlin capital of the province as well as of the Reich. Breslau Threatened Breslau, another provincial capital, was likewise in great danger and was reported cut off from all direct communication. (The Federal Communications commission said that the Breslau radio went ofl the air at 5:01 a. m. Eastern War Time today and had not been heard since.) As the German radio annoimced the threat to Brandenberg, the Red army newspaper Red Star asserted "we have reached the last road little chance tliey could be used before the fall of Berlin. Japs Report B-29 Attack On Singapore (By the AsiinrinTed Presfl A broadcast Japanese communi­ que said today that "several enemy B-29 hfiavy bombers" attacked Singapore early today, and added the usual claim that "absolutely no damage was caused by this enemy nuisance raid." Germany's War-Heart—Between Rhine and Oder GenMny's naturaj-^defensive dikes agatast the tides of defeat which roU from east and west are the Rhine river on the west, ihe Oder on the east. Between thein Ues the heart of German war production. In the Rhineland are the great mines, steel works and factories of the Saar and Ruhr vaUeys. In SUesia, now under the shadow of the Hammer and Sickle, lies the only^big industrial region left to Hitler not attacked or threatened by the Western Allies. To SUesia were transferred many war industries bombed out of the Ruhr and Saar. the three long years." A Red Star dispatch reported that German defenses along the Oder river line were "cracking under iron pressure." Drive Is Unchecked Hitler's newspaper, the Voelki- scher Beobachter, admitted "there is no continuous line today." The Berlin publication said contact between German formations on the eastern front had beeh broken. The Moscow broadcast gave no details. It said, however, that the Red army was advancing with "im- abated fervor" at all sections of the front. At the same time the Germans asserted that the general Soviet advance had been "slowed down but not stopped." Capture of Breslau, a city with a pre-war population of more than 600,000, would be the Russian's greatest prize in Silesia. The city, center of many industries feeding the German war machine, Is the capital of lower northern Silesia. It straddles the Oder river. Report Stalin-Eisenhower Contract (As the Russian westward sweep continued, Merrill Mueller, NBC reporter, who has just returned to New York from Paris, said last night in a censored broadcast that "Gen. El­ senhower has established contact with Marshal Stalin"—a statement that presumably meant the eastern and western blows against Germany were being coordinated.) William A. Livingston Dies at Age of 76 WUUam A. Uvlngston died yesterday afternoon at St. John's hospital. He was 76 years old. Mr. Livingston was bom at Jacksonville, 111., coming to lola about 40 years ago. He was employed as a bookkeeper at the Lanyon Zinc smelters for a number of years. Later he was associated with the Sta- Patch company here. During the past few years he has been employed by Weaver's garage. He lived at 18 H East Jackson. He U survived by a son, M. E. Livingston; a daughter-in-law, Mrs. Lutie Livingston, Gamett; two sisters, Mrs. Anna German and Mrs. Julia Ury, Pasadena, Calif.; two brothers, Harry of C^ilcago, and Edward, Jacksonville, 111.; five grandchildren and four great grandchildren. Funeral services will be held at the Waugh Funeral home at 1:30 p. m., Sunday. The Rev. E. W. Harrison will be in charge. The body will be taken to Weir, Kas,, for burial.

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