Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 21, 1936 · Page 9
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 9

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Pampa, Texas
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Sunday, June 21, 1936
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Page 9
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SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 21, 1936 THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pain**, TexM PAGE NINE OTHER NATIONS FOLLOW U.S. LEAD IN ASSISTING FARMERS By FREDERIC J. HASK1N WASklNQTON, D. C., June 20— The production of food being the most Important concern in the world, nearly all countries have undertaken some measure of agricultural assistance. The United States unquestionably has gone farther than any other nation, •With its expenditures of hundreds of millions through the Agricultural Adjustment administration and Its various-control measures. Other nations have ' not been backward, however, and the farmer is a favored claimant of public attention and public assistance, direct or indirect. In the United Kingdom, for example, the desire to aid the farmer was one of the controlling factors in prompting that country td abandon its traditional free trade policy. Import tariffs were levied against farm products. One Is not inclined to think of the United Kingdom as an agricultural country. Seslde the United States, It looks too small to produce for so many millions. Yet It is a thousand miles from land's End to John o' Groat's and the acres are fertile. Prices of farm products collap-- sed in 1930 In the British Isles just as they did in the United States and elsewhere. British farmers were In great distress. The government was faced by the dilemma of bettering, the farmers' condition and yet holding 1 food prices low enough to avoid too much .distress among the industrial population and the then numerous unemployed. The Ottawa Agreements, reached at a conference In 1932, sought to help the condition of farmers throughout the British Empire. These Agreements provided for Imperial preference. This meant that the various members of the British family of nations such as Canada, Australia, South Africa, and so on would admit each other's products at lower tariff rates than those tvt which the products of foreign countries were admitted. The protective tariff, on the one hand, kept home markets from too severe foreign invasion while the Imperial preference provided for exporting dominions a favored outlet. ; '. The United Kingdom has un; dertalcen some schemes very similar to those adopted in the United States. The British Agricul: tural Marketing Act was passed in 1931, two years before the AAA was set up here and, it is understood, the designers of the AAA imported some of the British 'ideas. The act empowers farmers to form organizations for the fixing of prices and for the control of ; production in the interest of sustained prices. A recalcitrant minority may be forced to accept majority plans under the Act. Coupled with this is the provision which empowers the government to place quotas on imports of agricultural products. Price • Guarantees Further, outright subsidies have been granted. The first, one goes back to 1925 and was in behalf of sugar beet growers. The subsidy was not paid to the growers direct but to the beet sugar factories on condition that ,they pay the farmers a prescribed minimum for their beets. Then there is a subsidy in the form of a guaranteed price to wheat farmers. A price of $1.32 a bushel was fixed. If the market brings that, it costs the government nothing, but if the open market price falls, the government makes up the difference. A limit of 50,000,000 bushels on which the price is guaranteed is fixed. This Tins the effect of restraining over-sowing. Similarly, the government guaranteed a price of 10 to 12 cents a gallon to milk producers. Also a subsidy of $1.10 a hundredweight on live cattle and $2.00 on carcasses sold within the United Kingdom was voted. The amount of these subsidies will be repaid to the government through import tariffs on llvestick and meats from foreign countries. The Dominion of Canada for many years has done everything It could to encourage the farmer. The great transcontinental railroads were built and free grants of land were given. Special rates on farm products were provided on the state^owned railways. These were general aids. When the general price decline set in with the 1829 collapse, more active governmental steps were taken. American students of what has happened in connection. with New Deal legislation should find some restrained amusement at hearing of some things which happened In Canada. It will be recalled that the general tenor of American Supreme Court findings in invalidating New Deal measures has been that states' rights have been invaded. Canadian Provinces, which are roughly comparable to American States, passed certain acts to control grain marketing. The Canadian Supreme Court, if you please, passed on the British Columbia grain control act, as a test case, and invalidated it, finding that the provincial legislation was- an infringement upon federal rights and that only the Dominion might impose the control. The Dominion did and now has a system for wheat control. It is directed toward the marketing end rather .than production . control. Not wheat alone is the subject of Canadian governmental aid. Potatoes, tree fruits, and a number of other farm products, including manufactured farm products such as marmalade, are given governmental regulation to assist in orderly marketing and price maintenance. Like Canada, Australia is primar- IE VI NEC ••• fft •< t i r \t./< **F 16TH ANNIVERSARY Birthday Gift Prices On All These Silk Dresses Including wash silks and san.. prints. A few Eyelets are in the group at this birthday price. All Sizes 14 to 46. Actual $5.95 Value and Even Better! Sizes 14 to 42 and include better dresses to ?7.95. Marvelous new spring and summer styles. Hundreds of Choice Styles to Choose From Don't Fail to See These in Our Store Another Endeavour to Lift the America's Cup British yachtsmen made a gala occasion of the launching of Endeavour II, T.O.M. Sopwith's new Class J yacht, with which he is expected to challenge for the America's Cup next year. The beautiful hull is seen afloat In Oosport Harbor, England, Immediately after taking the water. Nearly four feet longer than Endeavour I, defeated in last year's challenge, the new yacht incorporates new and secret features. ily an agricultural country and it has been a long-continuing governmental policy to aid the igrlculturist. Both the federal and ;he provincial governments give measures of assistance. There are mport tariffs against competing goods and then there are various subsidies and bounties. The butter scheme is illustrative. A butter price' is fixed as standard for the Commonwealth. It Is above the World price. But Australia makes more butter than she consumes, so the farmer is faced with a lower price for his export. The government makes up the difference and pays him the home price. It s a notable circumstance that al- ;hough nearly every other product las some aid or comfort, wool— which is far and away the most important Australian farm product—is left to shift for itself. The Union of South Africa has followed the subsidy plan as to practically all agricultural products. It lias a protective tariff on most such products designed to keep the home market for South African producers. Normally a wheat importing nation, the Union, in an effort to encourage home production, has provided a measure whereby, when it appears enough wheat has been grown to meet home needs, all imports may oe excluded. In New Zealand, principal efforts have been directed toward marketing aids. Meats, fruits, cheese, and hides are principal exports and there is close semiofficial control. A law provides for producers' control boards which handle the marketing. While the control is thus in the hands of the producers themselves, they have the backing for their rulings of the government. In practically all of the schemes through these British dominions, there are provisions for the lending of advances on farm products to producers. Most of the farm-aid plans have come into existence as special measures to meet the emergency of the depression years. Some of the plans have set terms. It is expected that there will be a withdrawal of some of the operations when conditions become normal but it Is likely that the best-working machinery, especially us to mar- geting, will be indefinitely retained. By JOHN SELBY A year or two ago the writer missed a train at Grand Central station in New York, and to kill time wandered into the art gallery. The place looked strange, at first. The walls were covered with scrawls, some of them most amusing, some less so. It developed that the scrawls were being shown under the heading of drawings, that they were the work of a neighborhood group in Wyoming, N. J., and that the moving spirit of the group was a man named Van Dearlng Pcrrlne. Mr. Perrine has a peculiar theory about teaching art to children. He is quite unconcerned with the technical side, at least in the beginning. He found that his little neighbors like to sit around and put their impressions on paper, and he encouraged them to do it. Gradually talents began enlarging, and the help these needed Was forthcoming. But always the matter of untrammeled self-expression came first. It Is first in the handsome little book Mr. Perrine has written about his children's classes, and their work. Being an almost completely untutored layman in matters of art and art instruction, the writer Is not qualified to judge the value of Mr. Perrine's method, but few parents (for example) will read "Let the Child Draw' 1 (Stokes) without seeing In some of the illustrations the same sort of raw material their own children have. Perhaps some will get practical suggestions for developing their offspring's urge to draw. Thumbnail Reviews "Death Is a Little Man," by Minnie Kite Moody (Messner); the long via crucis of Eenie, a Georgia negro whore man just wasn't any good; one of the best negro novels in years. "The Champion Cross Word Puzzle Book," by J. Van Cleft Cooper (Winstan): the second book by a puzzle constructor who for six years held the New York cross word championship; for the guest room bed table, and don't forget the pencil. "Surplus Prophets" (no author named'. (Viking): some curious prophecies, some strange reversals ot position; several prominent Liberty Leaguers get special attention. "The Conquest of Yucatan." by Prans Blom (Houghton Mifflini: colorful epic of Spanish aggression in and near Yucatan, together with n first rate introduction to the understanding of Mayan culture. Thumbs Down "The Soviet Union Today," by P. Malevsky-Malevitch (Paisley): the Soviet Union is condemned out of Its own mouth, with its own figures; bravely, the book includes tin adverse review from Communist sources. "The Doctor," by Mary Roberts Rinehart (Farrar & Rhinehart): the long way to understanding and acceptance of Chris Arden, young surgeon; a beautifully written story against a perfectly realized background. "A Manual of Walking," by Eton Jesson (Dutton); everything one needs to know before locking the garage door on the car, and starting out; costume, speed, all that sort of thing. "Mexican Interlude," by Joseph Henry Jackson (Ma'cmillan); by motor to Mexico and elsewhere; a literary critic with a flair for having a good time paints Mexico In bright color. "This Way to the Big Show", by Dexter Fellows and Andrew A. Freeman (Viking); the country's most famous circus press agent examines his adjective strewn past; grand yarn by a grand guy. •»" : Tlie News' Want-Ads bring results. Lassiter Rites To Be in Clarksville The body of H. N. Lassiter. 50, of rort worth, was token overland ;o Clarendon by G. C. Malone Funeral home Friday night, from where it Was sent to Clnrksville for burial. Mr. Lassiter died suddenly of a neart attack Thursday night in a :ocal hotel. He was here on business for his firm, the Drake Tank cdrh- pany. Surviving Mr. Lassiter are his wife and one child. Roy O. Pearce entered St. Anthony's hospital In Amarillo for medical treatment Friday. Mr. and Mrs. B. V. Hinkle are the patents of a son, born Friday night at Pnmpa-Jarratt hospital. FISHERMEN! Spend Your Vacation at the THOMAS RANCH Antonito, Colorado On the Conejos River Fly fishing season now on! Big roomy cabins, electrically lighted. Tub and shower baths. Saddle horses and Competent Guides for the more remote fishing. Meals available, lunches put up. For further information write or wire FRANK E. THOMAS, Antonito, Colorado. EDWARD WILLIAMS Authorized Teacher of First National Institute of Allied Arts Graduate of Bush Conservatory and Kimball Hall Studio in First National Bank Building Suite 9 Violin Concert at 4:30 p. m. today Over Radio Station KPDN Skellytown News SKELLYTOWN, June 20.—The Baptist Missionary society is to meet Wednesday afternoon at 2:30 in the home of Mrs. B. F. Hayes, Mr. and Mrs. C. S. Tiffany left Friday for a two-week- vacation in Colorado. Mrs. T. F. Shirley of Magic City has been a guest this week of Mrs. C. Guerry. Mr. and Mrs. T. N. Hasten and family left Wednesday for a visit in Bonham with relatives. Mrs. Joe F. uones is improving after a recent illness. Mrs. J. J. Devine is visiting her parents in Marietta, Okla. Mrs. Allen Black has as her guest this week her mother from Oklahoma. Mrs. H. Bratcher and little daughter, Mania Faye,. are visiting Mrs. Bratcher's parents in Bockwood. Misses Alice and Mildred Tarrant and Raymond Acklam of Pampa. were dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Parker Wednesday evening. Glen Cossey is visiting his parents in Wichita Falls. BUTTONS ARE SMART THIS SEASON! Self-covered buttons are Important this season. Let us cover them for you. HEMSTITCHING Let us Hemstitch that new summer dreaa for you. Singer Sewing Machine Co. Phone 689 114 No. Cuyler AUTO LOANS Se Us for Ready Cash to • Refinance. • Buy a new car. p Reduce payment*. • Raise money to meet bills. Prompt and Courteous Attention given all applications. PANHANDLE INSURANCE AGENCY FORD V8 ECONOMY MEANS HIGH If '* MORE MILES \ PER DOLLAR J WELDED FORMANCE 3 STRUCTU RE AS WEU N O MATTER how you classify your expenditures for car up-keep — it's your total expenditure that counts. How much "dollar mileage" is your car giving you? Dollars do go farther in the Ford V-8. Modern improved carburetion gives you unusual gasoline mileage with brilliant V-8 performance. Most owners of today's Ford change oil only'at 2000-mile intervals and never add a drop between changes, And after the first few thousand miles you know what Ford V«S "dollar mileage" really meana. It gives you more miles per dollar because it gives you all-round' economy — low first cost, low up-keep cost, low depreciation and long life — as well as low gasoline and oil consumption. All these help to make the Ford V-8 the most economical car.' FORD MOTOR COMPANY BE OUR GUESTS . FRED WARING AND His PENNSVLVANIANS on Tuesday nights (Columbia) and Friday nights (N. B. C,). See radio page for details. $25 A MONTH, 0 /« r u .m,f c/o ten-payment, buy* any model 1936 Ford V-8 car, from any Ford dcaler t anywhere in tho United Stotet. Aak your ford dealer about thg new Univertat Credit Company ~*/z% per month finance Plant, SEE THE NEW FORDS ON DISPLAY AT OUR SHOWROOMS TOM ROSE (Ford) PHONE 141 PAMPA 121 NORTH BALLARD E. L. TURNER MOTOR CORP., McLEAN AUTHORIZED FORD DEALERS

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