Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 19, 1975 · Page 6
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 6

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Saturday, July 19, 1975
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AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER Published daily except Sunday and six legal holidays by The Freeport Journal-Standard Publishing Company FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1975 FREEPORT, ILLINOIS Guest Editorial Key To Effective Service By ROBERT RIMINGTON* America, since its beginning, has relied on men and Women of good will and high principles to volunteer themselves, their time and energy, in the interest of building a better society. Every community large or small, rural or urban, looks to these citizens for direction and leadership. They are associated with schools, churches, service groups aand local governmental units. These persons are drawn into service by their desire to use their influence and expertise for a cause. However, there are times when individuals are elected to office who are not informed, poorly prepared or are championing a cause. When this happens the service of the unit is impaired for the period of time necessary to orient the official to his responsibilities. Our representative form of government could be improved if candidates seeking membership on public boards were better informed of the responsibilities of the office they aspire to prior to becoming candidates. This could be accomplished by a seminar supported by all local governmental units and conducted by a non-partisan panel of experienced individuals. The public service division of the community college could sponsor this activity. A one day or two evening workshop could accomplish the necessary orientation. This seminar would point out that all elected representatives should: • Be persons of high personal integrity with high standards of ethics, who recognize the meaning of conflict of interest. • Be able to distinguish between the policy making functions of a lay board and the professional responsibilities of an administrator. • Have wide experience, broad knowledge and a full understanding of people and affairs. • Have a broad social point of view and an awareness of current changes in the world. • Be able to relate to the power structure, but be independent of it in question and decision. • Demonstrate that decisions, are made in the interest of all the people in the community and based on fact and reasoning. • Be available for meetings and consultations. Also, such orientations would explain the scope of the unit, its authority, philosophies, goals and objectives, sources of revenue, taxing and bonding authority, how units relate to one another,,and to the public, and that they are not the power structure of the community. In addition the seminars would inform the would-be candidate, before bias and loyalties were developed, of the advantages of a close working relationship with other units under a comprehensive master plan for the community. The sessions would show how the governing bodies could effectively motivate the power structure into a prime mover for community betterment as was done when the schools were enlarged, the college district developed and the park system golf courses expanded. A current example is the hospital expansion. After being involved in public service, the effective member soon learns to appreciate the understanding employer and the tolerant spouse. • Robert Rimington, past chairman and member of the Highland Community College Board of Trustees from 1967-'74, has been Farmers Home Administration supervisor for Stephenson and Jo Daviess counties for 37 years. He served on the Freeport School District 145 Board of Education from 1956-'67 and is chairman of the Highland Community College Foundation. Hard Times For Democracy Democracy is clearly on trial around the globe, even in strongholds where it has long appeared to flourish. Where it is a new growth, as in India and all third world countries, the soil is unfavorable for its development. The situation created by Prime Minister Gandhi has caused suspension of rights of justice, free speech and press. It illustrates on a grand scale the fragility of the democratic principles and processes under powerful pressure to abrogate them. Most governments of the third world, a term applied to a large number of underdeveloped countries, are dictatorships. They usually call themselves democracies, a title assumed in deference to the masses whom they rule arbitrarily, ostensibly or actually for their own good. , s ' This is sometimes regarded as evidence of the spread of Communism, because dictatorships are in varying degrees copies of the system set up in Russia, where the beneficiaries of the state are underprivileged by tradition and presumed to be incapable of self government or self determination. One of the lessons of Vietnam should have been the futility of attempting to impose democracy upon a people unaccustomed to its , ways and skeptical of its feasibility. To be sure, there are all sorts of dictators, ranging from Amin of Uganda to Gen. Yabuku Gowan of Nigeria, whose success in uniting a nation composed of innumerable ethnic strains and divided between Christians and Moslems, has been extraordinary, and caused many to believe that, given a dictator of genuine good will and wisdom, dictatorships can be not only tolerable, but possibly more adapted to the needs of a population largely illiterate and unschooled in self government at any level. But democracy remains under trial even in the most sophisticated countries of the West, and its leaders are continually under compulsion to yield to the demands of self interest groups who threaten to pull down the whole structure of government if they are denied what they seek. In Argentina, which is not a democracy, Mrs. Peron has yielded to trade union demands for a 100 per cent rise in pay in the face of a 200 per cent annual rate of inflation. Comparable pressure is exerted on governments in the few remaining democracies. What Other Editors Say Domestic 'Baby Lift' (Ebony) A good number of black Americans were upset with the baby lift not because it was a bad thing, but because it took place at a time when the federal government is doing almost nothing abput an adoption problem that is much larger and of longer standing than the Vietnam war baby problem It is estimated that today there are more than 100,000 babies and children available for adoption right here in the United States. The majority of these tots and youngsters are black and many of them are rapidly reaching an ago when they will no longer be adoptable. They will live out their child- flood and adolescence in orphanages or being transferred from one foster home to another. . . , Now that the Vietnam adoption emergency has been taken care of it is tune for this country to initiate a domestic "baby lift." If thousands of babies from abroad can be absorbed into American families, why can't homeless black American children find sanctuary? All Around Town With The Staff "50MEW6Y PUSHEfr." JAMES KILPATRICK Guidelines Elevated To Status Of Law WASHINGTON - In its rush to adjournment, the Supreme Court erupted, as usual, with so many opinions that only a couple of cases could get much attention. Among the overlooked cases was Albemarle Paper v. Moody. Employers everywhere will read it with justified alarm. In this case the court went farther than it ever has gone before to uphold the high-and-mighty demands of the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission. The effect of the opinion is to subject a highly respected corporation, the Albemarle Paper Company, to what Justice Rehnquist described as a "ruinous liability" for backpay. The opinion has other effects. It elevates the mere "guidelines" of an executive agency to something approaching the laws of the Medes and the Persians. It further diminishes the right of an employer to test the aptitude of prospective employes. And the opinion casts some ominous shadows upon principles of equity that had seemed fairly clear. This case began in August of 1966, when a group of Negro emplpyes filed a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission, alleging racial discrimination in hiring and promotion at Albemarle's mill in Roanoke Rapids, N.C. The Equempoppo- com, as William F. Buckley has dubbed it, advised the plaintiffs of their right to sue, and suit thereupon was filed in U.S. District Court. It is important to understand that the plaintiffs, as a class, did not demand backpay at the outset. "No money damages are sought for any member of the class not before the court." Not until nearly five years later, after constructive ownership of the mill had changed hands, was the demand injected. One of the ironies in the situation is that Albemarle should have been singled out for punitive treatment. It is beyond dispute that Southern employers, as a class, had discriminated against blacks for a century prior to enactment in 1965 of the Equal Employment Opportunities Act. But Albemarle had launched affirmative efforts to remedy this discrimination before the law was passed. Voluntarily, it was taking its own steps, not then required by law, to discontinue the practices the 1965 act would make unlawful. The company's personnel policies prior to trial of the suit in 1971 were in no way exceptional. Back in the 1950s, as its equipment became more sophisticated, Albemarle required at least a high school education of employes entering skilled production lines. It be- gan using standard aptitude tests, such as the Beta Test, the Wonderlic Tests, and the Bennett Mechanical Comprehension Test. In agreement with the Papermakers Union, the company in 1968 "end-tailed" the black workers to its several lines of production. As the District Court found, Albemarle .acted "in good faith" at every step along a difficult and uncertain road. Immediately after the Supreme Court's historic opinion in the Duke Power Company Case (March 8,1971), the company attempted to validate its aptitude tests. A personnel expert found a fair correlation in some cases between test scores and job performance. The company abandoned some tests and revised threshold scores on others. In brief, Albemarle did just about everything that equity might reasonably demand of a conscientious employer in a changing time. The trial court concluded that the labor-management agreement on seniority could not pass muster - it would lock black employes into bottom seniority positions - but the court refused to award backpay. Now, nearly nine years after the original suit was filed, the Supreme Court has sent the case back to the trial court, with implicit instructions to compute and to award backpay. The Court brushes aside expert evidence on personnel tests. Even though the "guidelines" of the Equempoppocom are not administrative regulations, the guidelines nonetheless are to receive "great deference." It used to be a rule of equity that one seeking equity must come to court with clean hands. Here the plaintiffs delayed nearly five years in raising the backpay issue/This employer - and by extension, every other employer similarly situated - now faces the un- reckonable task of determining which employes would have been promoted, when, to what jobs. Freshly armed with the Albemarle opinion, the Equempoppocom can use its guidelines as a club against employers, not only in the South, but across the land. Washington Star Syndicate Anonymous letters to the editor will not be printed, nor read, If the absence of a signature Is immediately detected. When letters are signed and pub- Ushable, the name of the writer may sometimes be withheld, depending on the contents of the letter, but the request for withholding must be a reasonable one. Explaining Taxes "Why are my taxes so high?" is just one of the questions asked in "The Illinois Property Tax System," a booklet produced by the state Department of Local Government Affairs. That question is not really answered, except that the book does report that schools get 59 per cent of the property tax money raised in the state, cities get 19, counties get 8, park districts get 4, townships get 3, sanitary districts get 3 and other special districts get 2. But the book, uhich is free of charge from the Springfield office of the department, gives an explanation of the tax system a layman can understand. Pear-Shaped Tomatoes? Gardeners can never be sure what will develop when they put those seeds and plants in the ground. A newsstaffer was surprised to see funny pear-shaped tomatoes hanging on what she thought were Better Boy hybrid tomato plants. Anyway, that is what she supposedly was getting when she purchased those dozen plants. Her next-door neighbor tells her they are Italian tomatoes. If they are, it will be a first for her-and lots of sauce. Crater Lake Warning Have you been to Crater Lake National Park in the state of Oregon this . summer? If so, best see your doctor right away. The National Park Service this week said between 500 and 1,000 visitors and area residents have become ill since June 10 because of bad water possibly contaminated by untreated sewage, and the park was closed. illnesses have been characterized by sudden nausea and vomiting, followed by cramps and moderately severe diarrhea with chills and headache. The National Public Health Service strongly recommends that park visitors obtain a dose of gamma globulin to counteract the contaminant, which may have contained hepatitis virus. Gamma globulin can be prescribed by a physician. Park officials said the park will be reopened as soon as the problem is corrected, possibly within 10 days. A Happier Day Seeing the picture of Japanese Crown Prince Akihito and Princess Michiko in Thursday's Journal-Standard reminded a staffer of a happier day for them in 1959 when they .were married in Tokyo. It was a festive day, complete with a parade which drew millions. As we recall it, the security was unbelievable because at the time the Japanese were protesting renewal of the Security Treaty with the United States. For those who missed the news, the royal couple was forced to move back from a tower in Naha, Okinawa, when Molotov cocktails were thrown,near them by radicals. Anonymous Friend Dr. M. E. Boyer, Freeport veter- ^ inarian, shares this experience on a recent morning. He arrived at his office on Empire Street to find a shoe box with a baby robin inside. Attached was this note: "Here is a small bird. Please do what you can. Doesn't seem to be hurt but can't fly." Dr. Boyer responded with treatment for the bird but it died several days later. His further thoughts on the experience, prompted in part by an article in The Journal-Standard several months ago, concludes that wisdom ought to be used with compassion. "It seems to me that although there are hazards for the wild animals and birds when they seem to stray from the care of their parents, it is better to leave them where they are if the site of their origin cannot be found," he observes. Labels For Letters What use is made of the brightly colored round labels appearing on some letters? We asked Postmaster Don Clark that question and he noted that the U.S. Postal Service is using them to provide better markings for mail headed for areas, states, cities or organizations. There are five colors used and each is marked with a different letter or number for the following purposes: The red with a "D" is used for Freeport; The green with a "3" denotes a sectional area such as Rockford which it is in'this case; the yellow with a "C" is for a mixed city designation; the orange with an "S" is for Illinois and the ablue is mail headed for one organization. All of the labels are attached to the top letter in a bundle and Clark notes that several of the colors are rarely seen in Freeport. Used A Wheelbarrow Some burglars in Ogle County this week tried a different mode of transportation to haul away their booty but they still got caught. . The would-be thieves loaded up a wheelbarrow with about $500 worth of tools from a farmhouse. However, they were spotted and the Ogle Sheriff's Department later arrested three men. An Explanation Due to a last minute substitution of pictures on Friday's front page, some Journal-Standard readers received the wrong caption information or none at all to describe the two bicyclists in the lower right corner of the page. The picture showed William Meyer and his 15-year-old son, Jeff, cycling down a San Diego, Calif., street. Jeff, who has been blind since he was 2, and has epilepsy, rides with the aid of a whistle his father blows. They recently made a 150-mile trip. Law For Today Wills From Other States Q. Can a will drawn up in another state be probated in Illinois? A. Yes. Illinois law provides that a will executed in another state may be admitted to probate in Illinois when: a) The will has been admitted to probate outside Illinois; or, b) execution of the will was in accordance with Illinois law, or was in accordance with the law of the place where the will was executed, or was in accordance with the law of the testator's domicile at the time of execution. -Illinois State Bar Assn. Look At Trash Power (Minneapolis Tribune) The City of Fairmont in Martin County wants to burn trash in its electric generating plant - along with coal - to make up for the loss of natural gas when that fuel is cut off in 1978. (Fairmont, along with many other municipal and industrial users, has been told by the region's major supplier, Northem Natural Gas, that due to dwindling supplies gas will be available only for residential users in another few years.) The city also wants to build a $2.5- million refuse-processing plant to pull out recoverable materials (such as glass and aluminum) before the trash is burned. The cost of converting the power plant is estimated at about $1.4 million. Fairmont is asking for state help to pay half the cost of the new refuse-processing plant, and two bills have been introduced in the Senate that would appropriate $1.7 million for that purpose. The Fairmont project has a lot of local support, especially since it might result in savings to the consumer and the county. It would also be a pilot project - since it would be the only trash-and-coal burning plant of its size in the country. If it were successful, the plant could be a model for the conversion of other small-city power plants that face the prospect of losing natural-gas supplies. The project is not without problems, however. A plant dependent upon trash could become an incentive for the continuing generation of trash at the very time that state officials are urging communities to curb waste. Martin County, furthermore, can't generate enough trash on its own to make the plant economically feasible and would have to reach out for the trash of other counties. This would require the setting up of a multi-county trash system and the signing of long-term contracts. "It has been our experience," says an official of the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, "that this is the major contributing^ factor in the failure of regional solid-waste management systems." Solzhenitsyn: Transplanted Hero Watching Alexander Solzhenitsyn on TV, on the Meet the Press program, one saw a transplanted hero, with a Dostoevskian growth of beard and fierceness of eye, coming on with the intensity of a major prophet. Because the setting was the familiar American one of electronic journalism the torrential flow of his talk had to be sliced up into question-and-answer segments. When the Apocalypse comes it will be measured out in two-minute driblets, with time out for a commercial. Solzhenitsyn's American tour is not just a case of another visit by another famous foreigner. It is a historic test of what happens to a hero when he gets ripped up from his native soil and transplanted to a foreign one. Does the magic of heroism get muted, the halo tarnished? Does the sense of the extraordinary dissolve when dipped into the everyday? The Soviet leaders, when they packed Solzhenitsyn off on a plane to Switzerland, may have gambled on this happening. They hoped that with the transplanting to Western Europe and America the bloom would wear off the rose. Critics Not Inhibited Will it? The danger of its happening is clear enough. As long as Sol- zhenitsyn spoke and wrote from within the belly of the monster itself, putting his life on the line, courting peril, daring the Soviet masters to stop him, the rest of the world - including his critics on the left - watched in awe. They didn't dare speak out against him. But now that he is out of extreme danger, appearing securely before American MAX LERNER audiences, visiting with a delegation of American senators, his critics no longer are inhibited. The whispers get louder. Isn't he a cold warrior, as witness his quoting Melvin Laird on SALT I? Isn't he old hat, hobnobbing with George Meany and the other old men of American conservative labor? Isn't he a fanatical anti-Communist, who will get the United States into trouble with the Soviet Union? Isn't it dangerous to talk of the Russian people being buried by their rulers? Isn't he just a Catholic writer carrying the same old anti-Com- munist message that other exiles have carried - the Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians and the rest? Isn't he a stick-in-the-mud conservative, and a mystical one, too, with all his talk about religion and love of the Russian earth and the soul of the people? Isn't he enveloping the American people of the Heartland with the same mystique? The answer is, of course, that one can disagree with particular views of Solzhenitsyn and still see his continuing heroic quality. He could have made an easy adjustment to his exile. He could now be mouthing all the fancy rhetoric that would go down beautifully with the intellectual elites of New York, Washington, Paris, London, and they would be carrying him on their shoulders - before they dumped him in time. But that isn't his style. He is in dead earnest, he is consumed with an inner fire, and he won't let anyone near him get out of reach of the- flames. No Common Climate On the question of President Ford's failure to see him, Solzhenitsyn's answer - that he didn't come as a guest of the American government and didn't expect to be received by Mr. Ford - is good enough in its own way. Yet something must be added. As long as the rulers of one great power would deem it an unfriendly act for the head of another great power to talk with a major intellectual figure from either country, there is no common climate between the two, and as yet no world intellectual community. Solzhenitsyn is especially good on the question of communication between peoples. The experience of pne people, he says, is communicated back to another by its great writers. He adds that the burden of experience borne by the Russian people has been tragic. This is true of the American people, too, if our writers and thinkers could only express it. Asked whether he regards the West as in decline, Solzhenitsyn answers no; that it is only the will of its ruling groups which is weak. He might have added that the perceptions of its Intellectual communities are also confused. If Solzhenitsyn ran art as a sccr, and invoke the experience of the Russian people to make the people of the West see more clearly, he will play a great historic role outside Russia, as he did within Russia. Los Angeles Times

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