Ukiah Daily Journal from Ukiah, California on May 7, 1993 · Page 18
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Ukiah Daily Journal from Ukiah, California · Page 18

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Location:
Ukiah, California
Issue Date:
Friday, May 7, 1993
Page:
Page 18
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2-FRIDAY, MAY 7,1993 ON THE MARKET Fluorescents are a thrifty light source By READER'S DIGEST for The Associated Press A fluorescent light bulb generates about four times as much light per watt as a standard incandescent light bulb. This makes fluorescents by far the most economical light source for the home today. Once used only in kitchens and workplaces because of their harsh light, today's fluorescents produce light in a wide range of whites and colors. Bulbs come in many shapes and sizes with socket pins to fit fluorescent fixtures or screw-type bases to replace incandescent bulbs. Because of the power surge needed to start a fluorescent, frequent turning on and off of a fixture wastes power and shortens tube life. When leaving a room for a short time, it is usually best to leave the lamp on. Fixture types The ordinary fluorescent fixture consists of a bulb and a ballast in a metal channel. The bulb is an airtight glass tube with cathodes — metal conductors of electricity—at either end. It holds argon gas and mercury vapor and the interior is coated with phosphor, a substance that can be electrically stimulated to emit light The ballast is a transformer that boosts 120-volt house current to the 300-plus volts needed to light the bulb when you turn the fixture on, then it reduces voltage to the level needed to keep the bulb lit. When the switch is turned on, power flows between the cathodes, heating the gases and phosphor so they glow or "fluoresce." Older fixtures (and many small modem ones) have a separate, small, silver- color, cylinder-shaped starter built into the fixture to preheat the gases. Another fluorescent fixture is an instant-start style preferred by industrial users for its low maintenance. However, bulb life is only about 9,000 hours. In contrast, most homes have rapid- start fixtures whose bulbs may last 20,000 hours. As the name implies, the instant start goes on immediately; the rapid-start flickers for two or three seconds before lighting completely. The older starter-types take 15 to 20 seconds to light properly. Fluorescent bulbs give off less light at temperatures below SO degrees. If the fixture is to be located in an unheated garage or basement, install a cold-rated ballast Bulb trouble The light output of fluorescent bulbs decreases with time. Blackening at the ends of a tube means that it's worn out; replace it If only one end of the tube is discolored, remove it, turn it over, and reinstall it. Replace an old or burned-out bulb with a new one of the same type (double-pin or single-pin), length and wattage. Double-pin rapid-start and older starter-type bulbs are interchangeable. Instant-start bulbs have single pins. If the bulb is missing from a fixture, check the ballast to find the right size. Dispose of old bulbs carefully. The gases and phosphor aren't poisonous, but the bulb may explode if broken, sending glass fragments flying. Never throw a fluorescent bulb into a fire or incinerator. Fixing fluorescents Fluorescent problems are rare and usually easy to fix. A starter is inexpensive to replace, but a ballast costs so much that when one fails, it's often more economical to buy a new fixture. If a fluorescent lamp fails to light, check for a blown fuse or tripped circuit breaker in the main panel. If the tube still doesn't light or if it flickers or blinks, turn off power to the fixture and twist the tube slightly back and forth to make sure it's firmly seated in the sockets. If that doesn't work, give the tube a quarter turn toward you and pull it out, handling it carefully. Use long-nose pliers to straighten a bent tube pin. Spray the socket contacts and the pins with electric contact cleaner. Clean a dirty tube with a damp cloth; let it dry before reinstalling it. Tighten the socket screws; replace broken sockets. To reinstall the tube, line up the pins with the socket slots, push the tube in, and give it a quarter turn. Still no light? Install a new tube of the same wattage and type. A new tube may flicker for an hour or two at first. If flickering lasts longer or if the new tube doesn't light replace the starter with a new one of the same wattage. Rapid- and instant-start fixtures don't have starters. If the ends of a tube glow but the center does not, replace the starter. If the lamp still doesn't work, hums loudly, or repeatedly blows a fuse on a circuit that isn't overloaded, the ballast may be defective. Replace the ballast with a new one of the same type and wattage or with a low- noise type: or replace the fixture. Fixing circular fluorescents Troubleshoot a circular fixture as you would a lamp with straight tubes. To remove a circular tube, turn off the power, grip the tube in both hands at the collar, and carefully pull down until the pins come out of the socket. Then disengage the tube from the tube clips. THE CHOICE OF TITLE COMPANY IS YOURS Buying, Selling, or Refinancing? Specify "THE COMPANY THAT CARES 11 about YOUR transaction. Ask for EMPIRE TITLE COMPANY of Mendocino County or call 462-8666 REAL ESTATE CHOICE SELZER REALTY UKIAH • 350 E. GOBBI 462-6514 WILLITS-111 SO. MAIN 459-6817 OWNER FINANCING!!! Remodeled kitchen w/new cabinets, skylight, 2/bdrm 2/ba plus bonus room! Very open & airy lovely covered front deck w/land- scaping. $63,000. BE ON TOP OF THE WORLD! In this custom built 3/bdrm 2/ba home In Vista Del Lago. Enjoy the panoramic views of Lake Mendocino & Ukiah from most every room. Situated on 92 acres, wildlife is in abundance. Quality oak cabinets, built-in appliances, tile counters, & Casablanca fans are just a few of the amenities you will find in this one of a kind home) $435,000. CELEBRATE LIVING!!! You can celebrate life In this Cerrllic country hornet Look and see what a difference the right home and peaceful surroundings can make. 3/bdrm 2/ba, Irg. open kitchen & din- Ing area, contemporary floor plan, two » acres, covered patio, fenced for livestock & a mini orchard all add to this one of a Kind property. $109,000. Full Time Professional PATTI M e MILLEN WESTSJDEHOME You'll never outgrow this spadout 4/bdrm 3/ba home In the wemlde of town. Lavishly built custom home with oak cabinetry a trimming throughout. Entertain with style In your back yard w/patlo • pool. This Is a one of a kind, uniquely designed horn*. 1295,000. OWNER FINANCING! S star park It the setting lor this 3/bdrm 2/ba deluxe mobile. A Irg living room surrounds the light • airy kitchen with an abundance of counter space. Muter bdrm • ba in extra Irg w/Mparale tub a shower-owner llnandna to qmOllled buyer. t54,900. BUILT WITH QUAUTYI Custom 3/bdrm 2/ba whh many top of the line upgrade*. New carpets and vinyl, double car garage, large tot, «ce4- tem location, > ore*! commute area. tiM.OOu ROOM TO SPREAD OUT! Privacy can be yours on this 6.3 acre properly with a roomy 2/bdrm 2/ba home & a 2/bdrm mobltol A paved road leads up to this great property consisting of an abundance ol trees, 2 seasonal creeks, room for animals, garden or whatever your hearts content! $155,000. ENJOY REAL COUNTRY LIVING! Gel back to the baslcsl Gel the benefit ol real country «v- Ing n this 3/bdrm horn* dtuated on 19.23 acres. En the (rath, dean air whllt horse back riding. h»0ng, or | stretching out. Detached sauna, vaulted ceWnge, wood burning stove, and spectacular views all add to the uniqueness of this properly, f 149,000. L OF OUR AGENTS ARE TIME "PROFESSIONALS Nancy Boredty ........... 4850173 Ken Carroll ................. 468-6206 P«n«laBredj«*i ....... 459-4191 aiHCreekmore .......... 46?6»7 JimiCatlerylT. ....... 459-2477 Ann Marie Denham.. ..46*0893 Sharon Cafiahan ........ 4634793 Lee Enemark .............. 462-6947 46343ft Pattv McMillon '46B4563 ..462-9129 Sharon Romo ..462-7615 Diane Pucker ..463-2085 RodShftey "ISSn ^h*^ 00 <**M ..462-6380 Kathy Wills 462-7215 EQUAL HOUSING OPPOHTUNITr • > • i t i •••>>•

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