Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 19, 1936 · Page 14
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 14

Pampa, Texas
Issue Date:
Friday, June 19, 1936
Page 14
Start Free Trial

TttE PAMPA DAILY NEWS.-PaftipS, fe-*ai PfttD'AV JUMfi 15, POLAND'S FOURTH PARTITION TO GUIDE DESTINIES OF RICH, POOR By FREDERIC J. IIASKIft .WASHINGTON, D. C., June .— Poland once was the m.-ghtisst king- flbm In Europe. Its borders extended from the Baltic to the Black Sea, and from the Rhine far into what now Is Russia. The Cossacks were vassals of the Poles. Then came long periods of disintegration, interspersed with spasmodic resurgences. Mazed in the cauldon of European politics and waifare, Poland suffered three separate partitions, Ru?sla, Prussia, and Austria dividing the territory as one would cut cheese. There were reconstitutions of the kingdom but the last and, final partition came more than a century ago. But nothing in history Is final and, at the Versailles Peace Conference and, laigely at the Insistence of President Woodrow Wilson, the Republic of Poland rose again as an independent nation. Now there Is taking place what might properly be called the Fourth Partition of Poland. Partition Within State It Is a partition within the state, n partition of the rich and the poor, the rich supported by a semi- fascist dictatorship, the poor kept in their places by the direst destitution in all Europe. This may not appear a geographical partition, but actually there Is, within Poland, a. geographical partition. An area extending along a strip varying from JOOO miles Ion, reaching from the the border of Soviet Russia, and 1000 miles olng, reaching from the southern boundary of Lithuania to the northern boundary of Czechoslovakia, has been designated as the Pacification Area, It Is In this area that the greatest poverty and the greatest unrest among the very poor exists. Although the communist party in Poland has only some 16,000 members, with half of them in jails or concentration camps, there are esti- ma'ted to be some 2,000,000 sympathizers. The Polish police are tireless in ferreting them out. Because of the sympathy of so many for the active communists, they are difficult to apprehend. When police descend on a village to arrest a suspected communist, he is hidden or his presence denied. To combat this, the police have adopted the system of common responsibility. If the communist agitator is not delivered, the whole village Is lined up and every fifth person, man, woman, or child, is severely beaten and then imprisoned. On one known occasion, soldiery fired machine guns into a village delegation consisting chiefly of children, led by a woman teacher, which was seeking free schools. Twelve children and the teacher were killed and many were wounded. The people were not permitted to bury their dead. Thus the pacification proceeds. Deeply Disturbed Country Such and many other kindred Incidents and facts are revealed by John L. Spivak, American reporter, in his book, Europe Under the Terror. In explaining his mission to one from whom he sought information on Polish conditions, he said that what happens in Poland will influence what happens in Europe, and what happens in Europe will have a profound effect on what ha'ooens in the United States— politically and economically. While Mr. Spivak was investiga- ed conditions in other European countries, especially those under dictatorship, he found the most abysmal distress in Poland. Brzezlny is a city given over almost completely to the manufacture of gar- CONSTIPATION* MAY BE MORE SERIOUS THAN YOU THINK It Causes Discomfort, May Even Lead to Disease Constipation* is not a condition to be treated lightly. Continued neglect of regular habits of elimination tend to lower your resistance. Then there is the actual discomfort. For constipation* is one cause of headaches, poor appetite, listlessness. Common constipation usually develops when you eat meals that lack sufficient "bulk." Your system fails to get needed internal exercise. Fortunately, today, you have a generous source of effective "bulk" in Kellogg's ALL-BRAN. Within the body, the "bulk" in ALL-BRAN absorbs moisture, and forms a soft mass, which gently cleanses the system. This natural laxative food also supplies vitamin B and contains iron. Serve ALL-BRAN as a cereal, with milk or cream, or cook into muffins, breads, etc. Two tablespoonfuls daily are usually sufficient. Stubborn cases may require ALL-BRAN oftener. If not relieved this way, consult your doctor. ALL-BRAN is guaranteed by the Kellogg Company as an effective laxative food for constipation.* Sold by all grocers. Made by Kellogg in Battle Creek. 'Conitipation due to {mufflcicnt "bulk" Odus Mitchell and Bill Anderson, Want to See You at Koad Runner Service Station North of Post Office ments, largely for ths export trade. When, as the workers say. God blesses them, they have work. The work is piecework mid done in their homes. The blessed work means an 18-hcur day and the pay will run ns high as one zloty or 30 cents for that day. Every member of the family woiks, the children beginning at 5 to 7 years. A 15-year old lad will sometimes have the stature of one cf 6 or 7 years, so confined has h° been to his task. It must be understood that this Is not the Independent recital of this newspaper or of this writer. It is a report upon the findings of Mr. Spivak who armed himself with a trunkful cf documentary evidence. That there is another side to every picture must always be borns In mind. Mr. Spivak did not confine his investigations and interviews to the poor. He had as many interviews, if not more, with highly placed government officials,'owners of mines and mills and factories. One important factory owner told him of his sorrow at seeing his country in so lowly a state but, he explained, it was a question of who should starve, the employers or the employes and, as he said, the law of self-preservation has not ceased to function. All agreed that they Wished for better conditions, but ho* to obtain them was a problem they had been unable to solve. Mr. Spivak was told that it was believed by Polish rulers and. employers that when Great Britain and America emerged from would recover. depression, Poland Ca«e Reflects Despair Meantime, Mr. Spivak learned of a case at Brzeziny which reflects the - despair, at his sewing A man, working machine, suddenly had a hemorrhage from the lung disease, an occupational disease of the industry, falling forward on his machine, dead. It cost his wife three days' wages to make good the cloth the blood had damaged. The peasants are not better off. Mr. Spivak found one engaged in splitting matches. with remarkable skill, he'tdok an ordinary match, split in In two with a sharp knife and then split each half. He explained that matches were a government monopoly and so high priced the peasants could not buy them. They resort to promitlve flint and stone. This becoming known, a government decree was Issued making it an offense to use flint and stone to make fire. So the peasants had to buy the matches, but they learned to make four out of one.'If caught at that, they are punished. Salt Considered Luiury Another peasant, asked by Mr. Spivak what ne would like above all other thifigs as a splendid luxury, answered yearningly that If he could have salt with his potatoes he would be well pleased. Potatoes constitute the' chief "diet.'Bread IS a luxury. There are peasants In Poland Who have riot tasted meat in a 1 year. While In Italy and Germany there are few strikes, strikes having been made illegal, In Poland there are constant strikes. There were 14 major strikes In one city In a year. The Poles have Invented a new kind of strike. It Is called the occupation strike. Instead of quitting the factory, mill, or mine, the strikers remain on the premises and their wives bring them food. This prevents strike-breakers from taking their places. The scheme has been fairly successful, the authorities fearing that failure of a settlement would precipitate revolu- tion. American newspaper readers retail" tHe strike in the Klimontow mine in which some 20150 miners refused to return to the surface until their demands were me't. There Is not the persecution of Jews In Poland that exists In Germany, but there Is some persecution. It Is not confined- to Jews. Ukrainians and White ftusslahsj within Polish borders, are Included in oppressive measures. Mr. Spivak was told that the ruling class «n Poland, which numbers 100,000 or so out of the 33,000,000 population, Is friendly to Nazi Germany and friendly to the Idea of the treaty between Germany and Japan, the terms of which envisage a joint attack up on Soviet Russia. fipr trie most part, outwardly at Poland is sjalet. Mr. Sftvak , . feels thftt, underneath the surface, ft is unquiet and that conditions may hot long persist. It Is regarded by him as altogether possible that the first flare 6f the new European war may appear against the Polish sky in a revolt against this fourth partition of Poland. A philosophical analyst might be-' believe that the unrest existing nil over Europe is a result of the new forms of government ahd new experiments In government, which have -been such conspicuous postwar manifestations. Americans, watching the arena from a distance, might well consider that, under the guidance of alien forms of rule, their pwn lot might be no better. -.V-. '-.* e WE'VE WRECKED THE HIGH PRICE RING HERE'S OUR PRICES GOOD FRIDAY THROUGH MONDAY Prices go up fast, but they're slow in coming down! PIGGLY WlGGLY has wrecked the high price monopoly in Pampa . . .Our tremendous volume permits us to sell for less. . . And don't be FOOLED. We can still make a fair profit at these lower prices . . . WHY PAY MORE? — NO DELIVERY — NO CREDIT — Two of the many reasons why we sell for less? Extra Special 19 Piece Dinner Set Due to BO many request* we make this offer for thU week only. One set with purchase of $5 for Flour PEACHES In Heavy Syrup, No. 2y z Can BLACKBERRIES New Crop, No. 2 Sizes (Only 50 cases to sell at this price) SPINACH Full No. 2 Can TOMATOES No. 1, Full Can . GOLD CHAIN Made by the largest independent mill in the Southwest. MO I DQ 15c lOc 9c 5c Pinto Beans Recleaned 10 IBS.. 49e 2 IBS... 12k 5LBS....29c PORK & BEANS Regular Size Can TOMATO JUICE Regular Size Can : SOAP CHIPS Balloon, 5 Lb. Box _. CORN Fancy Country Gentleman, No. 2 Size So 5c 29c lOc PRODUCE ITEMS FOR FRIDAY AND SATURDAY ONLY CARROTS Large Original Bunches GREEN ONIONS Large Original Bunches '. , RADISHES Large Original Bunches •. MUS1 AHD GREENS Large Original Bunches : LEAF LETTUCE Fresh, Large Bunches ORANGES Full of juice, medium size, Doz. SWISS CHARR Large Green Bunches __ __ _ SQUASH White or Yellow, Lb APPLES Good Eating, Dozen 2c 2c 2c 3c 4c 19c 3c 4c 15c TALCUM Sweet Pea, large size SYRUP Penick's Gold, Gallon MARSHMALLOWS Fresh stock, I Lb,. Pkg. COFFEE Artmckle's Ambrosia, Pound for 57c 17k 14c FRYERS Large, Fat, Another 500 For C 45 EACH PEAS Brimfull, Extra sifted, 2 No. 2 Cans PINEAPPLE JUICE Del Monte, No. 1 Size PICKLES Sour or Dill, Quart Jar VANILLA Full 8 Ounce Bottle, Only . 29c 9c 15c 15c MEAT SPECIALS FOR FRIDAY AND SATURDAY BACON Decker's Slab, Per Lb. _ FISH Fresh Water Cat, Pound CHEESE """" "' Old English, Vz-Pound Package ___ ROAST Rolled, All Meat, Pound PORK STEAK Sliced, Soulder, Pound __^ ROAST Choice Suhray Chuck, Pound BEEF BOIL " Meaty Ribs, Pound PURE LARD " Bulk, Per Pound .__ ONLY 23c 30c 19c 18c 22c HI-- 12k BEANS Large Navies, 5-Lb. Bag COMPOUND New Car Vegetables, 8-Lb. Carton SOAP Crystal White, Giant Bars, Each — 33c 84c SOAP Palmolive, Regular Bar 5c Salad Dressing or Sandwich Spread Quart Jar for HYPRO Large Bottle TEA Vi Lb. Orange Pekoe FLOUR Worthmore, Guaranteed, 48 Lb. Sack PRUNES Good Pack, Gallon Can —_____• Sugar 10 100-Lb. Sack $5.40 3 TALL Armour* or Rote PICCIY WIGCLYI " ONE TICKET FREE WITH t ur I Pfcfc*f«t ef POST CEREALS 8un*«y. LA NORA >**

What members have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free