The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on January 25, 1945 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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THE lOLA VOLUME XLVIII No. 77 The Weekly Register, Estsblished 1867: The lola Dtily Kegister, Established 1897. lOLA, KAS., THURSDAY ^ENING, JANUARY 25, 1945, Sncceuor to The lola Daily Register, The lola Dally Record, and lola Daily Index. EIGHT PAGES Nazis Strike In Alsace Hit Along 20-Mile Front May Be Last Reckless Effort in West; British Push to Within a Mile of Roer in North By' EDWARD KENNEDY Paris, Jan. 25. (AP)—The German.s have opened a desperate new offensive against the we.stern front in northern AJKace, it was announced late today at supreme headquarters, possibly in a supreme effort to win back the whole northea.st France province. Attacking a 20-mne front from Haguenau northwest into the Vosges mountians. the enemv crossed the Modcr river at places 15 miles below the Reich frontier. Par tn the north, the British Second army drove under guns o* the Slcsfried line to within a mile of the Roer river, where the fixed defenses begin. Seven towns within 30 miles of Duesseldorf fell to the Tommies. Still More Eastward The Allied air force again pounded on thinning German traffic faltering out of the Ardennes salient In the center. German troop movements toward the east still were seen. The First and Third armies captured nine more towns in the Ardennes sector, three of them inside Germany. First army troops pushed close to the Reich frontier around Wallenrode and Ambieye, above St. Vith. The First division' trapped and captured 300 Nazis. By mldaftemoon, pilots of planes over the First army front reported they had destroyed or damaged 496 trucks, 37 armored vehicles, and 160 rail '-arK .i Nearly 7,000 vehicles and tanks had been knocked out In three days before today. A First army dispatch said the Germans appeared to have switched every available fighter plane to the Russian front. May Be Last Blow The Germans struck in Alsace in what mav be their last reckless effort in the west. They smashed Into U. S. Seventh army lines after heavy artillery preparation and cut the Haguenau- Sarreguemines road. The Americans (Continued on Page 8, No. 1) Troopship Is Sunk In European Waters Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)— The sinking by enemy action in European waters of a troopship carrying U. S. army personnel of whom 248 weic- killed and 517 are listed as missing—was announced today. Secretary of War Stimson made the announcement at his news conference today. The remainder of the troops aboard, more than 1400. were ^aved, Stimson said. Stimson said the ship, carrying more than 2,200 soldiers, sank swiftly. The sinking was "recent," but he gave no other particulars as to the date or other circumstances. All of the next of kin have been notified, the war department stated in aiLswer to an Inquiry. The transport was the third which the war department has announced as sunk by the enemy with heavy loss of life. Two others, the army disclosed last year, went down in the Mediterranean with a total of 1,498 missing. The dates of those sinkings and the names of the ships involved were not announced. The Weather Army Chief Calls For Big Hike in SinallArms Flow Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Paris, Jan. 25. (AP)—U. S. production of small arms ammunition must be increased 200 per cent over last November to prevent a shortage on the western front, Lt. Gen. Grehon Somervell, chief of the "army service forces, KANSAS—Fair tonight and Friday, colder tonight; lowest 15-20 west, to middle ZD's east; Uttle change in temperatnre Friday. Temperature—Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 55, lowest last night 30; normal •for today 32; excess yesterday 9; excess since January 1, 64 degrees; this date last year—highest 62, lowest 55. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date, .25; deficiency since January 1, .80 inches. Simrise 8:33 a. m.; set 6:36 p. m. Thermograph Readings Ending 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m 28 9 p. m 39 10 a. m 30 10 p. m 38 11 a. m 37 12 noon 41 1 p. m 44 2 p. m 48 11 p. m 39 12 m 40 3 p. m. ji p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. 8 p. m". .52 .55 ...51 ...48 .44 ...40 1 a. m. 2 a. m, 3 a. m, 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. 8 a. m. 41 40 38 36 34 32 31 30 WMGPlan pets Results Of 110 Men Culled from Non-Essential Plants Most Are in War Jobs Allentown, Pa., Jan. 25. (API- Most of 110 men "tapped" by the area war manpower commission for transfer from non-essential to war jobs were at work in top priority plants today, dazed by the sudden change of work and, in many cases, sizable wage cuts. The men, culled from breweries, soft drink plants and one cement mill, were the vanguards of 439 to be called in the first installment of this area's drastic "war work or no work" program. The rest of the 439 arc to come from other cement mills. The reaction of William LauseV, 47. first of the men to be transferred, .seemed to typify the general feeling. Tokyo Says Yanks I^ke N^w Mindoro Latidkig , (Br th« ^noHMrA Pn«») " An unconfliined Tokyo. lHCDf|d;* cast today said a tbou^gd Andean amphibious W^B* landed on the nortU^asfCepi coast of Mindoro island In PhiliiH>ines Wednesday. aii4 started driving toward Calapin. ^^nerican forces hold.,; tbe southern end of Mindoro .i^iteh was invaded last December. IS. Oalapan is on the northern doast of Mindoro. 1^ broadcast was recorded by the' Federal (Tommunicatiohs. Conunission. Reds Crash Oder Line; Through to Baltic said today. The general said the greatest, R^,„^-^ ^^^^^^i^y Lauser was washing bottles in a lola High School Honor Students The boys and girls enrolled in the lola,high school arc very evenly matched .so far as scholastic attainments are concerned. Floyd Smith, principal, points out that twelve boys and fourteen girls are on the il.st of those who made at lea.st two_ "A's" and no grade under "B" dur-' ing the full semester which has just closed. The boys lei«i the girls, 5 to 4, in the two top biackets which include only students who make four or more "A's" and have no grades below "B." Regardless of sex, inclusion in the honor list is a real' achievement realized, during the first semester, by only 26 of the school's 310 students. Their names are as follows: 5A—Scott Lynn, Marian Goodsell. 4A—Arlene Ableson, D a r 1 e n e Brown. Jack Boman, Harry Lacy, Andy Milne, Nancy Powell, Jack Schmaus. 3A — Charles Frantz,. Margaret Goodsell, John Hoyt, Bernita Kress, Jack McFadden. Celia Remsberg, Marjorie Remsberg, Elizabeth Sifers, Nina Pearl Stotler, Philip Smith, Paul Barclay. 2A—Carol Lewis, Norene Pearman, Lawrence Trout. Patricia Potts. Richard HelTern. Margaret Harris. pressure would have to be placed on production at home to prevent shortages in at least a dozen important Items including tires, heavy tracks, cotton duck and large caliber ammunition. The production of medium and heavy caliber ammunition must be increased 100 per cent over November and production of heavy trucks should go up 25 to 30 per cent, he told a Dress conference. He said cotton duck .should be stepped up 40 per cent. Despite thp.se needs. Somervell insisted that tlie Allies have enough brewery for $1.02 for an hour when this week opened. Today he is working as a steel plant laborer for 65 cents an houi-. Married, he isn't happy about the wage cut. He foresees financial problems. But, he says, "I guess it's no more than right. I didn't like the idea at first, but now I believe it's really necessary." He says a bonus system may bring his pay up to his former scale in time. Dr. Frank Maguire, area WMC director, explained the development of the "Allentown plan" this way: The manpower agency was faced supplies on hand in thi,s theater to' by a shortage of 1.052 men in eight mount an all-out offensive, should, top priority plants. in the ca.st front gels Pacific in the Ru.s.sjan advance- make it de-sirablo. He said the western first priority over the metiers of sunply. Deliveries of war materiel to Rus- .sla have not diminished since Gen. Elsenhower opened the western front, he said. Lt. Olen Tinnel Wins Bronze Star Medal Lt. Olen Tinnel has been awarded the Bronze Star medal for "meritorious service against the enemy," according to word just received by his wife who lives at 20 South Kentucky street. "* Lt. Tiniiel has been in the army for five years and is now serving with the Third army under Gen. George S. Patton. He is a member of an armored light artillery unit. His mother. Mrs. Nellie Tinnel. also lives in lola. Ask for Relea.ses Seekins; recruits for those jobs, the WMC surveyed 540 non-essential industries, found they employed IC'iSS men. Breweries, soft drink firms and cement nlanls, it -.vas decided, would be the first sources of new man- jMwer. Seven breweries, employing 464 men, were asked to release 63; 12 soft idrlnk firms with 254 men were as^ed for 34 and 14 cement plants With 2,395 men were asked to free 342. WMC agents selected the men to go. and they were invited to U. S. employment sei-vlce offices, where they were given the choice of taking war jobs or "sitting out the war" without WMC job referral papers. Early Hopes To Leave White House * . Washington, Jan. i25. (AP)—The White House is coaching Jonathan Daniels, former editor and author, as a Successor to presidential sepre- tary Stephen Early. If the change is made, Daniels will handle President Roosevelt's press relations and Early will step ou^ into private employment. Daniels now is one of five administrative assistants to the chief executive—those aides whose main qualification is supposed to be "a passion for anonymity." Before coming to the White House, he was assistant director of civilian deXense. Early has been asked, and has agreed, to go to Supreme Allied headquarters in Europe to look over press relations there. He expects to be gone for weeks. During his absence, Daniels will answer queries and issue statements for the press. Early hopes things will go so smoothly that Daniels can keep right on after the European mission ends. Early is not keeping it secupt Oiat he wojild like to give up the $10,000- a-yea^ job as presidential secretary and take one or more of several private ^ffers that would pay considerably more. FDR Nominates Son , Elliott Brigadier General Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)— President Roosevelt today nominated his 34 -year-old son. Col. Elliott Roosevelt, to be a brigadier general in the army air forces. The proposed promotion went to the senate in the midst of a controversy over the army's air priority system which gave a dog owned by Colonel Roosevelt precedence over thre? iervice men. The; nomination goes automatically to the senate military committee, which voted only last Monday to inauire into the whole priority practice as well as the dog incident itself. The committee recommends for or aeainst confirmation of such nominations. The nomination was given to reporters at the White House. It was on routine list of anhy promotions, includlhg 77 other colonels to be brigadier generals. Jonathan Daniels; presidential aide, said the Roosevelt nomination had been received in a routine way from t^e army and was being handled in. a" routine way. Declaiies Mass Unrest Breaks Out in Prague • Londoiv, Jan. 25. (AP)—The Moscwo tadio said today that "mass unfest has broken out" In Prague; old Czechoslovak jjapital, i,nA the Germans announced that a state of siege had beenr clamped on the city. ' A state; of siege was imposed on other eastern, cities of ibzecho-rSlOvakia, Berlin disclosed as Russian armies drove Jo within 170 miles of Prague Irom the Oder river sector. ; The Germans said they were ietreatlng in Slovakia. , In Prague, said Moscow "workers have gone on strike and the population Is trying to prevent t|ie German evacuation of machinery and material. The popiflatlon is fighting the Gestapo in various districts." Frederick A. Vogel Dies at Home Here Frederick A. Vogel, retired cigar manufacturer, died yesterday at his home, 210 North Chestnut. He was 60 years old. Mr. Vogel was born at Leavenworth, Kansas, coming to lola when he was about 22 years old. He formed a partnership with Herman Pancoast and established a cigar factory on the north side of the square, manufacturing P & V cigars for the local trade. He continued this business until he retired about 10 x'ears ago. He leaves hLs wife at the home, three daughters, Miss Wanda Vogel, lola. Miss Josephine Vogel, Wichita, and Mrs. Elvln Robinson, lola; a son, Floyd, lola: three sisters, Mrs.. Bertha Casper, Central. New Mexico, Mrs. Louisa May. Harrison. Arkansas. Mrs. Emma Harris, San nieeo, California, and throe grandchildren. Funeral services will be held at 2 p. m. tomorrow at the Wauch Funeral home. The Rev. E. W. HarrLTOn will be in charge. Burial Will be at an lola cemetery, Kiwanis Celebrates 30th Anniversary The lola Kiwanis club will celebrate the thirtieth anniversary of the founding of Kiwanis International at its weekly meeting at the Kelley Hotel tomorrow evening. Harold G, Ingham, director of the extension division of Kansas University, will address the local club. Mr. Ingham is past governor of the Mo-Kan-Ark^ district of Kiwanis. Police Warn Public Of Theft Danger Clothing valued at from $15 to S20 was stolen last night from her clothesline, Mrs. Elmer Remsberg, 409 E. Monroe, reported this morning. The garments had been washed and left on the line to dry during the night. Police Chief Harry Gardner said this morning that two or three similar thefts have been reported recently and that lola seems to be having an epidemic of minor robberies. The chief sugge.sts that housewives do not leave small articles outside their homes at nieht. All thefts, large or small, should be reported promptly to the police. London, Jan. 25. (AP)—C!ol. Elliott Roosevelt, commander of a photo reconnaissance wing In the U. 8. Eighth air force, was not {available for comment tonight on hU nomination for advancement to brl<?adl(»r-peneral. Innuli-y at his base disclosed he was,"somewhere on the continent." The president's, son has commanded the unit for 18 months as a colonel, although the organization calls for a commander with the rank of brigadier-general, a spokesman at U. S. strategic headquarters said. Roosevelt has been in charge of the wing since the African campaign. Texas Sergeant Finds Chow Line More Dangerous Than Front Line BY HAL BOYLE With the American First Army in Belgium, Jan. 17. (Delayed). (AP) Foxhole flashes: For more than 150 days S'Sgt. Buford Turner. Killeen, Tex., fought in the front lines without suffering a scratch. . . . But standing in the chowllne he slipped and cut his head en a china plate. . . . SSpt. William Muml^y, leader of a mortar section, was told some new replacements would arrive. ... He wasn't prepared for the surprise he met when looking over the new men he saw his brother, Cpl. Michael Mumley of Wheeling, W. Va. . . . The brothers hadn't met for a year and a half. An enemy artillery barrage knocked out several important communications lines and Pvt. Bob Holata headquarters Holata asked the supply sergeant for a set of wireman's tools or a new set of teeth. After two Nazi machinegunners fired on him as he crept along a ditch toward a German tank, Lt. Lee Rosenfleld of New Haven, (Tonn., reached for his pistol but foimd It had slipped from the holster. . . . Looking arobnd for another weapon the lieutenant saw a rock and threw It at the machinegimners. They thought it was a grenade and before they recovered from their surprise he was able to crawl back to hLs radio and call down artillery fire on the tanks. . . . Returning to the ditch, Ro.s^nfleld found his pistol and went on with the war. With the help of a souvenir pistol S Sgt. Hugh N. WiUlams of La- of Garfield Heights, Cleveland, Ohio,! Crosse, Wis., killed four Nazis in one went out at night to repair them, fight. After finding the breaks. Holata dis- ; enemy covered that he had no knife or repair tools. ... So he skinried the wires with his teeth. . . . Back in Bent on silencing an machinegtm he crawled through darkness across No Man's land until he was 200 feet from the (Continaed on F»|% 8> No. 3) ( Renew Efforts to Effect Swiss-German Break Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)— President Roosevelt has assigned Lauchlin (Jmrie to go to Switzerland to renew negotiations for a break tn that country's economic relations with Germany. Currie is an administrative assistant to the president. Announciilg his assignment today the state department said "our efforts to shorten the war render it important that the negotiations be imdertaken without delay." f Switzerland last October banned further [ exports of arms and ammunition in an action which had the practical effect of cutting off Swiss munitions shipments to Germany. However the Germans still are permitted to ship coal and some other, goods across Switzerland to Northern Italy. ' The Swiss also still are exporting some machine tools, a few strategic metals and some foods to the Reich. Says Fitness Not Issue Big vs. Little Bus. ness Real Reason for Opposition to His Ap- pointntent Says Wallace ;;Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)—Con- tehding Blg !)Vs. Little Business is "the real issue" in control of the government's huge banking powers, Henry A. Wallace today proposed a congressional investigation of RFC Igiding under Jesse Jones. ;The former vice president said tlsat "the real motive" behind a bill strip the lending authority wielded by Jones away, from the commerce secretarvship "has nothing to d6 with my competence to handle those powers." 'If'confirmed ^s secretary of commerce, Walifice made clear, he in- Yanks Mass For Clark Field Siege Pass Bamban River and Maze of Defense Caves Withl>ut Meeting Expected! Jap Resistance By C' YATES McDANIEL Gen. Mac Arthur's Head- quarter^j Luzon, Jan. 25. (AP)—A swiftly massing weight of 14th army corps motorized troops besieged Clark Field's 13 airstrips today after a two weeks campaign oil Luzon in which 10 Japanese were killed for every American. Manila lies less than 50 airplane miles ahead of the south-bound Yank coliimns, disclosed officially today to h&ve paid the relatively low cost of 657 lives during the first 14 days of- their 65-mile drive from Lingayen |ulf. More than 6,000 dead Japanese have been counted and the figure tmdoubtedly is greater because the Jifipponese try to conceal their losseg by dragging away many of the bodies. Mase of Caves Deserted An intricate maze of more than 30 fortress caves, which the Nipponese spent moiiths building as a major defense belt for Clark Field, littered with sco-^es of wrecked Nipponese bombers and fighters, is in the hands of 40th 'division soldiers. Disdainful of wilting enemy rearguard resistance,: little artillery spotter tends to use the lending authority to j planes landed on the satellite field I before the' ground troops got there. Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)— Jesse Jones today instructed -Undersecretary Wayne C. Taylor to exercise all functions of the secretary of commerce and Federal Loan Administrator ••totn a new secretary has tak- 'en office." . A brief letter to Taylor, made .public today by Jones, apparent- ay means that the Texan is Stepping out of the positions lor which President Roosevelt has, nominated Henry A. Wallace. a«Ist little business as well as .the bl| companies in a drive for "a free America: which is also a prosperous America" and to carry out President Roosevelt's goal of 60,000,000 poi^t war jobs. Weuld Servt Anyway Wallace testified before the senate coi^merce committee and a .stand- Ing-roomronly crowd. Declaring that he is willing to ser^e as secretary ot commerce whether oi" not the monetary setup is left in that department, Wallace testified tliat "no soldier on the battlefield can do less than carry out ^ his assignment," But In njaking a strong plea for oonfirmatlon to head an intact de- partinent, Wallace proposed what was'regard<!d_ as a compronilse offer to liose who have sought to block apprtjval of him for the post from whiah Pi-esident Roosevelt asked Jon&' resignation. Leaves It to Congress "I" suggest that the congress appoint a committee to inyestlgate the past, activities of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in order to de- ternilne whether or not the congress feels that the powers of the RFC have been administered in such a (Contihned on Pa^e 8, No. 4) The Bamban river, where the enemy could have put up a delaying fight, has been crossed. The town of Bamban has been seized and- the town of Mabalacat, last one bef-^re Clark Field, has been reached In a 10-mile push from Capas which has carried into Pam- panga province, long referred to as ''the gateway t6 Manila," * Hold Air Control As long ago as Wednesday morning, the latest period covered in today's communique, motorized units of MaJ. Gen. Oscar W. Grlswold's corps were on the borders of Clark Field and Port Stotsenburg. It was there more than three years ago that America's main air strength in! the Philippines v /as caught on the ground and wiped out by the then sky-dominating Nipponese airforce. Today the situation is reversed. While United States planes rule the air over Luzon—they bombrblasted Corregldor Iti Manila bay Tuesday- Japan's air strength In the Philippines Is being smashed on the ground. Bitter Fight in North On the secured but still bitterly opposed left flank, where the bulk of American and Japanese casualties have occurred, Japanese entrenched on ridges near Rosarlo were shelled heavily by warships in Lingayen gulf, supporting the 158th regi- (Conttnned on Page 8, No. 2) The War at a Glance (By the Ansoriatwi PrpBs) Western Front: Allied planes hammered incessantly at German transport fleeing Ardennes battle sector; British pushed toward Juncture with Americans on Roer river; Ardennes salient virtually obliterated as Americans moved up toward German border; French continued offensive in south against Colmar pocket Russian Front: Berlin said East Prussia was cut off as Russians reached the Baltic coast; Soviet armor reported storming across Oder in Silesia; fall of Breslan seemed imminent; decisive battle said to be developing in Poznan area, 137 miles from Berlin. Pacific Front: Clark Field near Manila under siege; Luzon capital 50 airline miles from American columns; network of defense caves captured near Clark Field; Bamban river crossed, town of Bamban taken. Drive Lops Off East Prussia Fall of Breslau Imminent As Red Armies Smash Across River In Heart of Silesia THE ROAD TO BERLIN (By tha Asiociuted >'rM»B j 1—Eastern Front: 137 miles, by German account (from Poznan); 149 miles by Russian account (from Rawicz). • 2—Western Front: 310 miles (from Linnlch - Julich - Diu-en area). , « 3—Italian Front: 544 miles (from Renb river). Draft Bill To House Anti-Union Amendment Beaten By Close Vote; Quick Action Urged Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)—The argument that fighting armies need help now accompanied a house military committee recommendation today for prompt action on national service legislation. Shortages of war material are real and immediate" the committee said in sending to the house floor a bill to require every man between 18 and 45 to work where he is needed under threat of induction, fine or imprisonment. , The committee completed action on the legislation late yesterday after two weeks of consideration and. In a last minute move for harmony, eliminated on a close vote an "anti-closed shop" amendment vigorously opposed by organized labor. Fhial Say to Draft Board The rejected amendment would have permitted a registrant to work in a union shop without joining a union, If his draft board told him to go there. Instead the committee wrote in a provision requiring local draft boards to give a man "a reasonable choice of employers for whom to work." It left in the hands of the director of war mobilization, or someone designated by him, the authority to determine what are essential occupations. But it confined to draft boards the power to "tcl! a man to stay In his present job or move Into one where his services are needed. Primarily A Prod The committee said the bill would "go a long way toward obtaining the fullest utilization" of a tight manpower supply by encouraging draft- age men not in uniform to transfer voluntarily Into essential work. "Only rarely," the committee predicted, will the mandatory and penal provisions of the legislation have to be invoked. Nazi Officials Flee To Berchtesgaden London, Jan. 25. (AP)—The Ankara radio said today most German government officials had left Berlin for Berchtesgaden, Hitler's hilltop retreat, taking government records with them. Russians Reach the Oder River Barrier "Nuts" General Wins Promotion Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)— Brie. Gen. Anthony C. McAulIffe, who retorted with a defiant "nuts" to a German surrender ultimatum at Basfejene. was nominated today for promotion to major general. Mr. Roosevelt also sent to trie sennte the nominations . of three major eenerals to three-star rank: Albert G. Wedemeyer. chief of rtsfff to Opnerallsslmo Chiang Kal- ."^hek- Leonard T: tJerow. com- mapfier of tho Fifth corns in Pranc^. and William H. Slmnson, comihanding general of the Nlith army oa jlJ^e western front. Russians.storm gates of Poznan and move nearer(Konigsberg; strike north toward Elbing to cut off a large number of Nazis in East Prussia. They have moved to outskirts of Breslau and taken Oppeln and Giel, witz. First to reach the Oder river was tfie Russian First Ukrainian army.—(NEA Telephoto.) By WILLIAM L. RYAN 'Asaoriatfld Press War Editor) The Red army, with vanguards little more than 125' miles from Berlin, has cracked the Oder river line before Breslau, industrial Si- lesian capital, and in the north apparently has sheared most of East Prussia from the Reich in a drive to the Baltic which isolated huge numbers of Nazi troops. Pall of Breslau appeared imminent as Soviet forces stormed across the Oder in the heart of Silesia to the southeast. The crossing apparently was in the area of Oppeln, captiu-ed industrial city 48 miles away. This smash, heading toward the Bohemian mountains in Czechoslovakia, seemed aimed at cutting off part of Silesia from Berlin and menacing German armies in Austria, Hungary and Slovakia. Gleiwitz Is Taken Capture of Gleiwitz, big industrial center just west of the Sllesian manufacturing towns of Hindenburg and Beuthen, was annoimced by Marshal Stalin. Chrzanow, important center in the Dombrowa ;oal basin, 17 miles west of capttored Kragow in Poland, also was taken. Gleiwitz, 90 miles southeast of Breslau, Is the largest German city captured by the Russians. Its 118 ,000 population was mostly engaged in a large coal transhipping business and seven large arms and machinery plants, Including a barbed wire factory. "Break Into Elbing" German broadcasts said the Russians had broken Into Elbllng on the Gulf of Danzig, effectively shutting off East Prussia. From 20 to 30 German divisions— 200.000 to 360.000 men—were estimated to have been cut off by land by the Soviet wedge driven to the Baltic. "Fortress Konlcsberg." a city of 368.000 which Is ."ie miles northeast of Elbllng, was reported by the Germans to be under a frontal assault. Soviet dispatches described the entire East Prussian battlefield as a .scene of German rout. No Time for Destruction The road.s were Uttered with German bodies and equipment. Abandoned freight trains stood In deserted freight yards, their cars loaded with tanks, munitions, food, clothes and equipment. The retreat from Insterburg, Soviet writers said, was so chaotic that • the Germans failed ,to blow up bridges and wreck factories. A Soviet correspondent reporting the tide of battle had "practically reached the outskirts, of Konigsberg" said one spearhead Soviet division made a 15-mile march in a single night. The economic wealth of East Prussia seemed likely to fall intact into Soviet hands. A decisive battle was reported by the Germans to be developing on the central Polish front near Poznan, 137 miles east of Berlin. Nazi resistance stiffened there. Says German Navy Flees Danzig Gulf London, Jan. 25. (AP)—Danish sources said today the Germans were preparing to remove the remnants of their high seas fleet from ports In the gulf of Danzig to (3o- penhagen and that Danish naval authorities there had been ordered to vacate their offices within 10 days to make way for the Nazis. Among the vessels known here to be in the gulf of Danzig are the disabled 26.000-ton battlecruiser Gnel- senau, the 10,000-ton pocket battleships Lutzow and. Admiral Scheer, and the heavy cruLsers Prlriz Eugen and Admiral Hipper—all of which are at Gdynia. Soviet Ambassador to Mexico Killed in Crash Mexico City. Jan. 25. (AP)—Soviet Ambassador Constantine <>u- mansky, his wife and two members of his staff were killed today in the crash of a Mexican airforce plane near this city. A number of other passencers were reported by aviation officials to have been killed and some Injured but an exact casualfv list was withheld pending an official report to military headquarters. The amba.ssador, Mrs. Oiunansky and his staff were leaving for Costa Rica, to which count'.T Oumansky Is accredited, as minister. He was to present his credentials there. The plane, carrying the embassy party of nine and two pilots, took off from the Mexico City airport and crashed within 500 yards of the runway as it was trying to gain altitude.

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